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research-article | 09-September-2021

The ultrasonographic dynamic heel-rise test of the Achilles tendon

Motto The aim of Achilles tendon surgery is not to simply suture it, but to create conditions allowing to fully restore its function. Introduction The Achilles tendon (AT) is made of tendinous bands arising from the heads of the triceps surae muscle attaching to the calcaneal tuberosity. Despite being the largest and strongest tendon in the human body, the AT can become ruptured. The injury often occurs in physically active individuals who expect to resume full sports activity after treatment

Beata Ciszkowska-Łysoń, Urszula Zdanowicz, Robert Śmigielski

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 86, 260–266

research-article | 18-December-2020

Achilles tendon degeneration on ultrasound in type 2 diabetic patients

Introduction The Achilles tendon (AT) is the largest, toughest, and strongest tendon in the human body, formed when the aponeurosis of the soleus and gastrocnemius muscles combine(1). It extends from the myotendinous junction distally to its insertion site on the upper half of the posterior surface of the calcaneus. It is approximately 15 cm long and 6 mm thick(1). Tendinopathy is one of the musculoskeletal manifestations of diabetes mellitus. Diabetes mellitus (DM) causes pathological changes

Babalola Ishamel Afolabi, Bukunmi Michael Idowu, Stephen Olaoluwa Onigbinde

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 83, 291–299

research-article | 31-March-2020

The interrater reliability of ultrasonography for Achilles tendon structure

Introduction Achilles tendinopathy is a condition that is clinically characterized by pain, swelling and impaired function, typically related to sports or exercise overuse(1,2). The average age at the first presentation is 43 years(3). However, in highly active subjects, tendinopathy can occur at a younger age(4). Achilles tendon disorders are common in military personnel. Individuals who are overweight, report moderate alcohol use and those with a prior diagnosis of tendinopathy are at higher

Marc Paantjens, Marco Leeuw, Pieter Helmhout, Amanda Isaac, Michel De Maeseneer

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 80, e6–e11

review-article | 18-June-2021

US-guided high-volume injection for Achilles tendinopathy

Introduction The Achilles tendon is the strongest and thickest weight-bearing tendon in the human body. Its origin is near the middle of the calf and is the conjoint tendon of the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles(1). The tendon does not have a true synovial sheath; instead, it is enveloped on its dorsal, lateral, and medial aspects by a paratenon composed of connective tissue that allows for approximately 1.5 cm of tendon gliding with activity(2). Along with the patellar tendon, the Achilles is

George A. Kakkos, Michail E. Klontzas, Emmanouil Koltsakis, Apostolos H. Karantanas

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 85, e127–e133

Research paper | 22-August-2018

Fos immunoreactivity in the intermediolateral nucleus induced by tendon vibration of the m. triceps surae in rats pretreated with a nitric oxide blocker or precursor

We investigated neuronal activation of the rat intermediolateral (IML) nucleus of the thoracolumbar spinal cord, initiated by Achilles tendon vibration, after intramuscular (m. triceps surae) administration of 7-nitroindazole (7-NI) or L-arginine (LA). The spindle afferent response to vibratory stimuli induced a distinct bilateral increase in the activation of c-Fos immunoreactivity in the spinal neurons in three groups of rats (tendon-vibrated, tendon-vibrated + 7-NI and tendon-vibrated + LA

Inna V. Vereshchaka, Andriy V. Maznychenko, Olena P. Mankivska, Volodymyr O. Maisky, Oleh V. Vlasenko, Olexandr V. Dovgan, Olga L. Ocheretna, Tomasz Tomiak, Alexander I. Kostyukov

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 78 , ISSUE 2, 82–91

research-article | 15-June-2020

Do ankle, hindfoot, and heel ultrasound findings predict the symptomatology and quality of life in rheumatoid arthritis patients?

tenosynovitis, PD signal and tendinosis were also recorded and graded(29). In the heel region, the Achilles tendon (enthesophytes, retrocalcaneal bursitis and posterior calcaneal erosions) and plantar fascia (plantar fasciitis, perifasciitis, inferior calcaneal erosions) were evaluated according to the previous recommendations(27,30). We included the TT joint and tendons in the ankle region, and the TN and ST joints in the hindfoot region. The Achilles tendon, plantar fascia and their adjacent structures

Oana Șerban, Iulia Papp, Corina Delia Bocșa, Mihaela Cosmina Micu, Maria Bădărînză, Adriana Albu, Daniela Fodor

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 81, e70–e82

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