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Review

Diagnosing Borderline Personality Disorder During Adolescence: A Review of the Published Literature

Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a debilitating disorder that occurs in approximately 1% to 3% of the general population. BPD is not only relatively prevalent; it is also associated with significant public health and security concerns. The clinical and social burden of adult BPD diagnosis has resulted in the desire for early diagnosis and the implementation of early intervention programs. A qualitative review of the scientific literature suggested that adolescence is a critical point

Andrea Fossati

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 5–21

Research Article

Assessment and Treatment of Identity Pathology During Adolescence

Personality disorders can be seen as patterns of maladaptive personality traits that have their onset during childhood or adolescence and that have an impact on the individual throughout the life span. Identity disturbance is seen as the central construct for detecting severe personality pathology—and, most notably, borderline personality disorder—in adults and adolescents. Therefore, in the revision of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, the construct of

Susanne Schlüter-Müller, Kirstin Goth, Emanuel Jung, Klaus Schmeck

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 63–70

Review

Personality Disorder in Childhood and Adolescence comes of Age: a Review of the Current Evidence and Prospects for Future Research

In this article, the authors provide a narrative review of the mounting evidence base on personality disorder in childhood and adolescence. Topics covered include diagnostic validity, prevalence, developmental issues, comorbidity, risk and protective factors, and treatment. Novel indicated prevention and early intervention programs for borderline personality disorder in adolescence are given special priority. To conclude, directions for future research are provided.

Mickey T. Kongerslev, Andrew M. Chanen, Erik Simonsen

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 31–48

Research Article

The relationship between child maltreatment and exposure to traumatic events during later adolescence and young adulthood

Objective:The present study investigated the relationship between different types of childhood maltreatment (emotional abuse, sexual abuse, multiple abuse types, and no abuse) and the occurrence of later traumatic events during later adolescence and young adulthood.Method:Data were collected from a Danish national study conducted by The Danish National Centre for Social Research in 2008 and 2009. A sample of 4718 young adults who were 24 years old was randomly selected using the total birth

Katie Schouwenaars, Siobhan Murphy, Ask Elklit

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 3, 115–122

Research Article

Identity formation and evaluation in adolescence and emerging adulthood: How is it associated with depressive symptoms and loneliness?

Background:Developing a personal identity is a challenging task throughout adolescence and emerging adulthood. In 2006, Luyckx and colleagues developed an identity model differentiating identity formation into exploration and commitment dimensions. Previous studies have documented associations between the identity dimensions and different aspects of mental health.Objective:Based on Luyckx and colleagues five-dimensional identity model, the present study investigated associations between

Nanna Lindekilde, Marlene Lübeck, Mathias Lasgaard

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 2, 91–97

research-article

Sleep in relation to psychiatric symptoms and perceived stress in Swedish adolescents aged 15 to 19 years

). Furthermore, psychiatric disorders are soon expected to be the leading public health problem in Sweden according to the Swedish National Institute of Public Health (11). Previous research has shown that adolescents with depression exhibit significantly shorter sleep duration and poorer sleep quality than adolescents without depression (12). There is also a large overlap between insomnia and depression in both sexes in adolescence, and there is a bi-directional relationship between short sleep duration and

Frida Thorsén, Carl Antonson, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , 10–17

Research Article

Prevalence and characteristics of three subtypes of dating violence among Danish seventh-grade students

were identified.Conclusion:The present study highlights that a large proportion of Danish seventh-grade students are experiencing ADV, and that ADV preventive programs are relevant already in early adolescence. Based on the high proportion of students reporting co-occurrence of victimization and perpetration experiences, comprehensive preventive programs that focus on both victimization and perpetration experiences and the transmission of violence are recommended.

Sidsel Karsberg, Rikke Holm Bramsen, Mathias Lasgaard, Ask Elklit

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 16–27

Research Article

Psychiatric problems and quality of life in a clinical sample of adolescents: The role of peer relations

Background:The quality of peer relations is linked to mental health in childhood and adolescence, but few studies have investigated its clinical relevance. In particular, the potential mediating role of peer functioning in the associations between different dimensions of symptoms and quality of life (QoL) has not been sufficiently examined.Objective:In a clinical sample of adolescents, we examined peer relations in light of psychiatric diagnoses, as well as QoL and symptoms of mental health

Ingunn Ranøyen, Eva Gulliksrud, Marit S. Indredavik, Frode Stenseng

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 4, 183–192

Editorial

Personality Disorders in Adolescence: Introduction to the Special Issue

Erik Simonsen, Mickey Kongerslev

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 1–4

Research Article

Online and Offline Friendship Among Italian Adolescent Girls Following a Non-Traditional School Track

Giulia Zucchetti, Fabrizia Giannotta, Emanuela Rabaglietti

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 24–32

Case report

Burns from foul play? No – previously unsuspected epilepsy

Introduction. Injuries such as burns may occur from unwitnessed and unsuspected new onset epilepsy with forensic implications. Case report. A young woman was found with >25% 2nd and 3rd degree body burns after an unwitnessed morning event in a shower. Discussion. The onset of tonic-clonic seizures and limb jerks in adolescence with a typical EEG recording of 3–4/second spike/polyspike-and-waves are diagnostic of Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy (JME). Worldwide there is a significant

Peter W. Kaplan

Journal of Epileptology , ISSUE 2, 105–107

research-article

The shortened version of the Adolescent Stress Questionnaire (ASQ-S; Sweden): a validation study in United Kingdom adolescents

Introduction The deleterious effect of stress in adolescence has been well documented (1-3), and for that reason continued scrutiny of the measurement of stress in this developmental period is essential to public health. One measurement tool with considerable promise is the Adolescent Stress Questionnaire (ASQ; [4]). Results of variable-centred studies on the structural validity of ASQ scores have been unequivocal: the ASQ yields multivariate scores structured by the domain-specificity of

Michael McKay, James Andretta, John Perry

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , 81–87

research-article

Before the damage is done: Early childhood hyperactivity difficulties in adolescents with deliberate self-harm – findings from the DALSC cohort

% indicated that peer difficulties were the main precipitant to DSH and suicidal attempt (65). Multiple studies have found that childhood hyperactivity difficulties and DSH in adolescence are mediated by mental disorders (56) but to the best of our knowledge, only one study has analyzed peer difficulties as a moderator for the development of DSH. In a longitudinal follow-up study of 228 girls aged 6–12 years with and without ADHD Meza et al. (46) found that peer difficulties (peer victimization) in

Therese A. Evald, Bo Møhl

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , 176–188

Research Article

The Influence of Mental Health, Psychosocial Factors, and Educational Skills on the Educational Aspirations of Indigenous Sámi and Non-Indigenous Adolescents in the Arctic

Elisabeth Valmyr Bania, Christian Eckhoff, Siv Kvernmo

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 3, 169–179

research-article

Mentalization mediates the relationship between borderline personality features and internalizing and externalizing psychopathology in adolescents

Ditte Aagaard Norup, Sune Bo

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , 13–19

Research Article

The Dimensional Assessment of Personality Pathology – Short Form for Adolescents (DAPP-SF-A): normative data for Flemish adolescents aged 16 to 21 years

Daphne Raaijmakers, Marike G. Polak, Lidia R. Arends, Willemijn M. van Eldik, Peter Prinzie

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 2, 55–63

Research Article

Psychometric Qualities of the Dimensional Assessment of Personality Pathology – Short Form for Adolescents

A growing body of research recognizes the occurrence and validity of personality pathology during adolescence as well as its relevance as a developmental precursor of adult personality pathology.The present study recognizes the need for a comprehensive and concise instrument to assess the dimensions of personality pathology in adolescents. Therefore, the psychometric qualities of an abbreviated version of the Dimensional Assessment of Personality Pathology - Basic Questionnaire for Adolescents

Noor B. Tromp, Hans M. Koot

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 71–79

Research Article

Further evidence of high level of persistence of pediatric bipolar-I disorder from childhood onto young adulthood: a five-year follow up

% continued to meet full (50%) or subthreshold (13%) diagnostic criteria for BP-I and 18% continued to have full or subthreshold major depressive disorder. Only 19% of BP-I youth were euthymic at the 5-year follow up.Discussion:This 1-year extension study further documents the high level of persistence of pediatric BP-I from childhood onto late adolescence and young adulthood. The results provide compelling evidence of the morbidity and dysfunction associated with this disorder and its many forms.Clinical

Janet Wozniak, Rebecca Wolenski, Maura Fitzgerald, Stephen V. Faraone, Gagan Joshi, Mai Uchida, Joseph Biederman

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 40–51

Research Article

Collection of developmental history in the evaluation of schizophrenia spectrum disorders

childhood or adolescence. The instruments can be used either for interviews or as self-administered questionnaires. The parent-rated form has been used for research and for the clinical assessment of children and adolescents with complex neurodevelopmental presentations with or without strong evidence of schizophrenia risk.The collection of developmental history information is important when evaluating individuals with schizophrenia and related disorders. The Motor Skills History Form and the

Angela M. Reiersen

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 36–43

Research Article

Development of a Shortened Version of the Adolescent Stress Questionnaire (ASQ-S): construct validity and sex invariance in a large sample of Swedish adolescents

Background:Stressor experience is an important topic of research concerning adolescent health and ill-health. For this, valid and reliable measures of adolescent stress are needed. The Adolescent Stress Questionnaire 2 was developed to tap into stressor domains specific for adolescence. Psychometric evaluations in Australian and European samples have indicated adequate psychometric properties. However, the ASQ-2 is quite extensive, which may render its use in large cohort studies, where several

Malin K. Anniko, Katja Boersma, Nikil Ph. L. van Wijk, Don Byrne, Maria Tillfors

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 4–15

research-article

An exploration of group-based compassion-focused therapy for adolescents and their parents

Introduction Having one or multiple diagnosable mental health or psychiatric conditions (hereinafter referred to as MH problems), such as externalizing disorders (e.g., attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and conduct disorder) or internalizing disorders (e.g., depression and anxiety disorders) during adolescence is difficult for the adolescents and their families. The worldwide prevalence of these MH problems is about 10–20 % (1), and it continues to increase (2). Additionally, a

Anna Sofia Bratt, Marie Rusner, Idor Svensson

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , 38–47

research-article

Normative and negative sexual experiences of transgender identifying adolescents in the community

-esteem and social isolation, that may further delay romantic and erotic experiences. On the other hand, mental disorders during adolescence are also related to early and risk-taking sexual behaviour (14-16). This may arise from inability to protect oneself, or from seeking comfort from sexually intimate encounters. Therefore, transgender identifying adolescents could, due to excessive mental disorders and developmental challenges, be especially prone to earlier and riskier sexual behaviour than is

Elias Heino, Sari Fröjd, Mauri Marttunen, Riittakerttu Kaltiala

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , 166–175

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