Search

  • Select Article Type
  • Abstract Supplements
  • Blood Group Review
  • Call to Arms
  • Hypothesis
  • In Memoriam
  • Interview
  • Introduction
  • Short Report
  • abstract
  • Abstracts
  • Article
  • book-review
  • case-report
  • case-study
  • Clinical Practice
  • Commentary
  • Conference Presentation
  • conference-report
  • congress-report
  • Correction
  • Editorial
  • Editorial Comment
  • Erratum
  • Events
  • Letter
  • Letter to Editor
  • mini-review
  • minireview
  • News
  • non-scientific
  • Obituary
  • original-paper
  • Original Research
  • Pictorial Review
  • Position Paper
  • Practice Report
  • Preface
  • Preliminary report
  • Product Review
  • rapid-communication
  • Report
  • research-article
  • Research Communicate
  • research-paper
  • Research Report
  • Review
  • review -article
  • review-article
  • Review Paper
  • Sampling Methods
  • Scientific Commentary
  • short-communication
  • short-report
  • Student Essay
  • Varia
  • Welome
  • Select Journal
  • In Jour Smart Sensing And Intelligent Systems
  • Journal Of Educational Leadership Policy And Pract
  • International Journal Advanced Network Monitoring Controls
  • Architecture Civil Engineering Environment
  • Transport Problems

 

Research Article

STUDENTS’ ASSESMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS IN UNIVERSITY BUILDINGS – THE RESEARCH REPORT

Abstract The paper presents the results of research aimed at preliminary analysis of the students’ assessment of environmental conditions in selected university buildings in Poland. The study was conducted using questionnaires designed for this study. The questionnaire-based interviews were conducted in five university buildings in a few academic centres; the respondents were students attending classes in the buildings (N = 184) under study. The data were analysed both quantitatively and

Angelika LASIEWICZ-SYCH

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 4, 41–53

Article

ON-SITE THERMAL DIAGNOSTICS OF COOLING SOURCES FOR AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEMS IN OFFICE BUILDINGS

The main goal of the Task 4 “Development of thermal diagnostics of buildings” of Strategic Research Project “Integrated System for Reducing Energy Consumption in the Maintenance of Buildings” was to develop new tools for thermal diagnostics of different types of buildings, including development of the rapid method of a cooling sources diagnostics. The paper presents a method for assessing the cooling sources based on on-site measurements. The cooling capacity of the cooling sources and the

Maria HURNIK, Monika BLASZCZOK, Małgorzata KRÓL

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 2, 157–163

Article

PASSIVE SYSTEMS IN RAISING ENERGY EFFICIENCY OF PUBLIC UTILITY BUILDINGS – ACTION SIMULATIONS

Public utility buildings are formally, structurally and functionally complex entities. Frequently the process of their design involves retroactive reconsideration of energy engineering issues, once a building concept has already been completed. At that stage minor formal corrections are made along with the design of the external layer of the building, satisfying or even exceeding applicable standards. Architecture students do the same when designing assigned public utility buildings. It can be

Marek A. WOŁOSZYN

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 2, 37–43

research-article

A CASE STUDY ON THE IMPACT OF BUILDING ENVELOPE ON ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN HIGH-RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS

1. INTRODUCTION Energy consumption is gradually increasing due to the increase in user-oriented comfort requirements besides the continuously growth in population and building stock. According to the 2010 AR5 Report (Fifth Assessment Report) by IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change), globally 32% of the total energy consumption and 19% of the greenhouse gas emissions belong to the buildings [1]. The energy data of EU in 2016 shows that these rates increased to 40% and 36

Dinçer AYDIN, Esma MIHLAYANLAR

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 1, 5–18

Article

BIM-technologies for Buildings Operation Experiment in MGSU

This article describes the approach of experts of the National Research Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) to the construction of modern operating systems in buildings using BIM-technology. This article was performed within the Russian State tasks MGSU project “Methodology of ideas, design and verification of energy-efficient engineering systems conventionally abstract objects (on formal models of buildings)”.

Andrey Volkov, Pavel Chelyshkov

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 1, 25–28

Article

ON-SITE DIAGNOSTICS OF THE MECHANICAL VENTILATION IN OFFICE BUILDINGS

The methodology for inspecting the ventilation system and on-site measurements for office buildings has been proposed under the project “Development of thermal diagnostics of buildings”. The inspections of the ventilation system in two office buildings were conducted. The design documentations were compared with the existing state of the installations. The measurements of the air flow volume, of the temperature of ventilation air and of the volume flow of the heating medium and its temperature

Monika BŁASZCZOK, Małgorzata KRÓL, Maria HURNIK

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 2, 145–156

Article

Design Heat Exchanger: Optimization and Efficiency

Haifa El-Sadi, Joe Aitken, Jason Ganley, David Ruyffelaert, Cam Sweeney

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 3, 30–35

Research Article

SPACE FOR UNIVERSITY STUDENTS: SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS FOR “SELF-LEARNING” ENVIRONMENT – THEORETICAL APPROACH

Abstract The paper presents a humanistic approach in investigation of people-environment relations within university buildings. Architecture of the university buildings is considered to be a learning environment from the position of “critical pedagogy of place”. It emphasizes the importance of the place itself expressed by the specific link between building and its location understood mainly in environmental terms – not only as a functional node but also as a vital element of cultural and also

Angelika LASIEWICZ-SYCH

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 4, 31–40

Article

CONTRIBUTION TO THE SHORT MEASUREMENT METHOD FOR DETERMINING THE THERMAL CHARACTERISTICS OF EXISTING BUILDINGS: TOTAL HEAT TRANSMISSION COEFFICIENT ESTIMATION BASED ON DOUBLE MEASUREMENT

effect of resistance and heat capacity of the elements of the building envelope. The obtained results were verified by comparing the average monthly heat demand for heating calculated based on the determined total heat transmission coefficient and measured value. The presented way of total heat transmission coefficient determination in the event of a careful choice of measurement days and the experience of the user in estimating the number of air changes (especially in natural ventilated buildings

Henryk FOIT, Agata ŚWIERC, Wojciech FOIT

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 1, 103–115

research-article

ENERGY OPTIMISATION OF RESEARCH BUILDINGS IN VIENNA WITH A PHOTOVOLTAIC FAÇADE.

of life and resource efficiency through the productive use of innovation and new technologies. The “Smart City Vienna” strategy aims to successfully meet the challenges of the 21st century: by 2025, 2030 and even 2050, a total of 38 specific tasks have been defined [6]. 2.1. Smart City Vienna 2050 objectives Reducing energy consumption, using renewable energy Low energy building standards and necessary renovation of existing buildings Reduction of environmental pollution by CO2 reduction

Joanna BIEDROŃSKA

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 3, 5–12

Article

COMPREHENSIVE ON SITE THERMAL DIAGNOSTICS OF BUILDINGS - POLISH PRACTICAL EXPERIENCE

The Polish National Centre for Research and Development has been coordinating the implementation of a strategic research project “Integrated System for Reducing Energy Consumption in the Maintenance of Buildings”. The main goal of the project is to support Poland's efforts to reduce energy consumption in buildings, which is a strategic goal of the European Union. Within the scope of the aforementioned project, Task 4, “Development of thermal diagnostics of buildings”, was realized. Silesian

Zbigniew POPIOLEK, Przemysław KATEUSZ

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 2, 125–132

Article

DEVELOPMENT OF SUSTAINABLE ASSESSMENT METHOD AND DESIGN TOOL FOR EXISTING AND TRADITIONAL BUILDINGS IN JORDAN

In the last ten years, numerous Sustainability Assessment Systems have been developed worldwide to provide construction stakeholders tools that help in achieving better sustainable development. Jordan developed its own Green Building Guideline in 2013 for new buildings but unfortunately, the guideline hasn’t included any criteria for existing or traditional buildings. The main objective of this study is to develop a sustainable Assessment Method for existing and traditional buildings to assist

Rana Tawfiq MATARNEH

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 4, 15–31

Report

INNOVATIVE SYSTEMS OF CORRUGATED SHELLS RATIONALIZING THE DESIGN AND ERECTION PROCESSES FOR FREE BUILDING FORMS

An innovative method of shaping free architectural forms of buildings and their morphological systems roofed with complex shells made up of folded steel sheets transformed from plane into shell shapes is presented. An interdisciplinary character of the paper results from the diversity and complexity of the considered issues. Complex morphological systems of the buildings formed of integrated multi-segment shell roofs and plane-walled elevations are achieved with the help of the geometrical

Aleksandra PROKOPSKA, Jacek ABRAMCZYK

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 1, 29–40

research-article

EVALUATION OF THE BUILDINGS’ SHADOWING IN THE COMPACT HOUSING DEVELOPMENT – SELECTED EXAMPLES

possibility of its use for relaxation purposes, facilitated by the appropriate distances between the buildings creating the interior [2]. Due to the price of the land, especially in the city centres, the distances between the buildings are small, and thus the building development is compact. It is characteristic for both old town and modern buildings in the city centres. Too high intensity of the development is accompanied by the small social spaces – the neighbourhoods. Moreover, unfavourable shading of

Justyna KOBYLARCZYK

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 1, 37–42

Article

Method of Determining Relevance of Changing Processes of Condition Building Parameters

In the modern world it is increasingly referred to the concept of intelligent building. Intelligent building referred to above all energy-efficient building, using alternative energy sources, as well as equipped with modern energy efficient technologies that reduce the energy consumption of the building in general. But for all the time and does not set forth a definition of intelligence buildings, which leads to different opinions and approaches to the understanding of the term.

Anna Doroshenko, Andrey Volkov

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 1, 115–119

research-article

PARTITIONS AND THE FLOW OF SMOKE IN LARGE VOLUME BUILDINGS

the “fire” part of the equation is the traditional area of Fire Safety Engineering discipline, while architecture is most often taken as it is. This paper explores the influence of the building itself, on the flow of smoke, and tries to answer a question if a change in the architecture can alter the requirements for smoke exhaust, and efficiently alter the safety of a building. 2. FLOW OF SMOKE IN LARGE VOLUME BUILDINGS A flow of smoke in an undisturbed plume may be considered the simplest case

Wojciech WĘGRZYŃSKI

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 1, 155–164

research-article

ADAPTATION OF FLATS IN CONCRETE SLAB BUILDINGS FOR PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES. ISSUES, COSTS, REIMBURSEMENT OPTIONS, COMPARISONS

middle and high-rise multi-family buildings must be equipped with passenger lifts, which provide access to each floor for disabled people ([7] §54 section 1 and section 2). In the absence of a lift, access to flats on the ground floor ([7] § 55 section 1) is required. One may get the impression that the problem has been resolved, but after a more thorough analysis, it should be noted that we are dealing with a very “literal” and surface treatment of this issue. The building accessibility zone is

Małgorzata BARTNICKA

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 3, 7–21

research-article

POST OCCUPANCY EVALUATION OF ADAPTIVELY REUSED BUILDINGS: CASE STUDY OF AN OFFICE BUILDING IN SAUDI ARABIA

1. INTRODUCTION Adaptive reuse of buildings is the process of renovating, or rehabilitating existing buildings, or structures to fulfill a use other than their current use [1]. Adaptive reuse of buildings can provide economic, social and environmental benefits to societies. The economic benefits can be achieved through reductions in the time and cost of realizing functional buildings [2]. Rehabilitated buildings can be configured quickly, in comparison to constructing new buildings, provided

Mohammad B. HAMIDA, Mohammad A. HASSANAIN

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 1, 29–40

research-article

SELECTED PROBLEMS INVOLVING THE PRESERVATION OF HISTORICAL FRAME BUILDINGS IN SILESIA IN THE CONTEXT OF THEIR FUTURE THERMO-RENEWAL

1. INTRODUCTION The requirements involving the maintenance of buildings are defined in Poland by the Construction Law [1] and technical and construction regulations in the form of regulations [2, 3]. They ensure that the buildings are used in accordance with their intended purpose and environmental protection requirements and are maintained in a proper technical and esthetic condition. The above regulations specify the requirements for buildings and building envelopes, including such aspects as

Agnieszka SZYMANOWSKA-GWIŻDŻ, Bożena ORLIK-KOŻDOŃ, Tomasz STEIDL

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 4, 73–85

research-article

THERMAL IMPROVEMENT IN RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS IN VIEW OF THE INDOOR AIR QUALITY – CASE STUDY FOR POLISH DWELLING

1. INTRODUCTION As reported by Central Statistical Office of Poland (GUS), it is estimated that the number of dwellings in Poland amounts to 13.5 millions [1]. Until 1985 the erected buildings had been extremely energy consuming and often without thermal insulation. The time had been characterized by the lack of strict requirements concerning the maximum heat transfer coefficient in outdoor walls: during 1960s – (1.16÷1.42 W/(m2K)) and 1980s (0.75 W/(m2K))[2]. Pursuant to Journal of Laws Dz.U

Monika BLASZCZOK, Andrzej BARANOWSKI

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 3, 121–130

research-article

ANALYSIS OF WIND CONDITIONS AROUND A BUILDING DEVELOPMENT AS A PART OF ITS FORM DESIGNING PROCESS, A CASE STUDY

1. INTRODUCTION The need to ensure healthy and comfortable environmental conditions for city residents is one of the assumptions that define the concept of sustainable urban development. Factors, such as feeling the temperature, air movement, air smell or humidity, contribute to the quality in use of urban space and, indirectly, also the buildings themselves. Modern cities, especially the largest cities, face problems of air pollution, insufficient air exchange rate and overheating, all of

Katarzyna ZIELONKO-JUNG

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 4, 51–58

Article

PREVENTING IRREGULARITY EFFECTS OF INFILLS THROUGH MODIFYING ARCHITECTURAL DRAWINGS

Experiences of past earthquakes show that some designed and constructed buildings by engineers have been damaged during earthquakes because of negative effects of infill walls. The main aim of this paper is to prevent the amount of overall detrimental effects of infill walls such as torsion and soft story in a conventional residential building based on seismic codes of some countries and to use the maximum potential of walls. The results show that building in construction condition may suffer

Azadeh NOORIFARD, Mohammad Reza TABESHPOUR, Fatemeh Mehdizadeh SARADJ

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 2, 77–92

Article

INDOOR ENVIRONMENT QUALITY EVALUATION IN DWELLINGS: A POLISH CASE STUDY

The indoor environment determines the occupants’ comfort and significantly affects the energy consumed for heating and ventilating the building premises. Therefore, the proper complex thermal diagnostics of existing buildings requires a fair assessment of indoor environment conditions. The method for measuring and assessing the quality of the thermal environment and the quality of the indoor air is demonstrated through the example of two single-family houses and one apartment in a multi-family

Jan KACZMARCZYK, Aleksandra LIPCZYŃSKA, Przemysław KATEUSZ

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 4, 163–171

Article

CURRENT VENTILATION AND AIR QUALITY PROBLEMS AGAINST HISTORICAL SOLUTIONS

The paper describes the issue of ventilation and air quality in buildings with reference to regular tightening of heating standards. The purpose of the work is to show the risks related to excessive insulation of buildings, which is thought to have a negative influence on users’ well-being and health. The development of issues related to thermal comfort has often led to erroneous solutions. As a result, problems such as “Sick Building Syndrome” and “Building Related Illness” has developed in

Rafał RADZIEWICZ-WINNICKI

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 2, 29–36

Research Article

Information and Assisted Navigation System for Blind People

Nowadays public buildings are changing constantly, often people have to take different routes to reach known destinations. At the same time, new services and places are made available to attract more people to the shopping center. This dynamic environment is usually signalled and labelled with visual marks and signs which are not appropriated for blind persons. Therefore, blind users are unintentionally deprived of a full participation in the society. With the purpose of equalize the access to

Karen Duarte, Jose Cecilio, Jorge Sa Silva, Pedro Furtado

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–4

research-article

FULL AND PARTIAL STRUCTURES OF HISTORICAL ROOF TRUSSES IN ASSESSMENT OF VOLUME OF TIMBER USED FOR CONSTRUCTION

constructed in the early stages of construction development were carried out by arranging several or more horizontal (or inclined) beams between the supporting walls. Such laid beams were covered with various types of material that isolated the building from precipitation. Such a roofing structure had two main drawbacks: it limited the permanent (undisturbed) covering of naves with wider spacing and poorly drained rainwater. Buildings in which an ever larger group of people lived, and these were mainly

Magdalena CHYLEWSKA-SZABAT

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 3, 7–11

research-article

NUMERICAL STUDIES ON THE NATURAL SMOKE VENTING OF ATRIA

1. INTRODUCTION Buildings with a large open space are popularly called atriums. Atria are part of modern architecture. The architects design them as separate objects or they form a part of a building complex. It is a big challenge for engineers to create appropriate conditions for people to stay in such facilities. This applies to maintaining the right temperature and air quality. However, the biggest challenge is to ensure the safety of people in the event of a fire. When a fire breaks out

Karolina ŻYDEK, Małgorzata KRÓL

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 4, 135–144

Article

SETTLEMENTS OF INDIVIDUAL HEATING COSTS IN MULTIFAMILY BUILDINGS - POLISH EXPERIENCE

Aleksandra SPECJAŁ, Halina CIUMAN

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 3, 143–151

Article

DESIGN OF WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SENSING NETWORKS FOR TUNNELS, TRAINS AND BUILDINGS

S. K. Palit, Stuart. Bickerstaff, Chris Langmaid

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 118–134

Research Article

EFFECTS OF STAIRCASE ON THE SEISMIC BEHAVIOR OF RC MOMENT FRAME BUILDINGS

Azadeh NOORIFARD, Mohammad Reza TABESHPOUR

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 4, 105–122

Article

BUILDING HERITAGE IN THE ALTO DOURO WINE REGION, PORTUGAL – TABIQUE WALL NAILS CHARACTERIZATION

The Alto Douro Wine Region, a region located in the northeast of Portugal, presents an abundant building heritage which consists of tabique constructions, a vernacular construction technology. This technology uses raw materials such as stone, an earth-based material and wood, besides metal nail sensure the timber connections and the required structural safety. Previous research works have shown that most of the existing tabique buildings, in this region, present signs of marked deterioration

Rui Cardoso, Jorge Pinto, João Carlos Lanzinha

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 1, 59–70

Article

EVALUATING STATUS OF GLOBAL INDICES OF AGE-FRIENDLY CITY IN TEHRAN METROPOLIS (AFC)

aging-related professionals and experts. Then, the resulting data were imported into SPSS22 software and analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. FINDINGS: The results indicated that, among 8 indices of age-friendly city including open spaces and buildings, transportation, housing, social participation, respect and social inclusion of the elderly, citizen participation and employment of the elderly, communication and information facilities, as well as health and local services

Ali SHARQI, Esmaeil ZARGHAMI, Milad OLFAT, Farzaneh SALEHI KOUSALARI

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 3, 35–51

Article

PARAMETRIC SHAPING OF CONSISTENT ARCHITECTURAL FORMS FOR BUILDINGS ROOFED WITH CORRUGATED SHELL SHEETING

ABRAMCZYK Jacek

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 3, 5–18

Article

CONTEMPORARY DIRECTIONS FOR DEVELOPMENT OF VILLAGES AND LODGES IN HIGH MOUNTAINS BASED ON THE HIMALAYAS

potential directions for development of these types of buildings.

Anna PAWEŁCZYK

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 3, 33–46

Article

THE NEWEST CHURCH ARCHITECTURE IN GERMANY. AESTHETIC ASPECTS OF FORM - ANALYSIS OF SELECTED EXAMPLES

The paper presents the analysis of selected Christian sacral buildings realized in Germany since 2000. Because of the wide range of the question, mostly the aesthetical aspects was discussed. However, in particular cases some important symbolical and functional determinants need to be emphasized. Tendencies that are recognizable in contemporary composition of ecclesiastical architecture were also confronted with the traditions, that are characteristic for German modern architecture. This

Aleksander SERAFIN

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 4, 43–52

Article

THE CONCEPT OF MULTIFUNCIONAL WALL - AN ENERGY SYSTEM INTEGRATED IN A SINGLE WALL

Jarosław FIGASZEWSKI, Joanna SOKOŁOWSKA-MOSKWIAK

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 1, 5–10

Article

A STUDY ON COOPERATION OF URBAN TRANSPORT MEANS: PRT AND LIGHT RAIL

It is difficult to organize urban transport in the city center. Existing buildings, narrow streets and working infrastructure make it difficult to use the oldfashion transport means such as trams or buses. The new idea consists in elevation of the transport in the very city above ground level (typical PRT systems cover rare areas like airport or fairgrounds). The study analyzes the hierarchical, layered system consisting of a ring light rail and PRT (Personal Rapid Transit) serving as commuter

Waldemar GRABSKI, Wiktor B. DASZCZUK

Transport Problems , ISSUE 4, 5–14

Article

Earthquake Damage Predicting System of Songyuan Based on GIS

buildings in Songyuan. At the same time, PHP, HTML and dynamic cutting technique were used to evaluate the disaster in 10 minutes after the earthquake. This system will provide technical support for the prevention of earthquake damage in Songyuan.

Su Zhenjiang, Huang Meng, Xie Shaohui, Zhang Dian, Wang Zhe

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 2, 1–5

Article

PROBLEM OF AERODYNAMIC INTERACTION OF TRAFFIC STREAMS

vehicles. The model of aerodynamic interaction of vehicles in traffic on a straight section of road in tunnels allows an arbitrary number of vehicles in each sub-region, along with an arbitrary, periodically repeating configuration of vegetation and buildings on the side of the road to be considered.

Valerii SOLODOV

Transport Problems , ISSUE 2, 133–142

Article

DAYLIGHT PREDICTION IN INDIVIDUAL FLOORS USING WELL INDEX

measured metrics. The research findings have demonstrated that Well Index can be a valid indicator to characterize proportion for assessing daylight at individual floors in buildings. This methodology improves the existing research method by proving that spaces with the same Well Index will have very close dynamic daylight metrics under the same condition, assumptions and material properties.

Mahsan MOHSENIN, Jianxin HU

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 2, 109–114

research-article

RESEARCH OF SINGLE ROOM DECENTRALIZED HEAT RECOVERY UNIT

spaces and is less influenced by outdoor environmental condition [2]. Furthermore, the use of decentralized installation results in reduced operating costs. However, there are also some disadvantages: possibility of location in buildings and compliance with standards [3] in terms of air inlets and outlets location. This is the reason that sometimes they technically cannot be used [4]. Nowadays, the world attaches great significance to the saving of energy. Energy-efficient construction focuses mainly

Piotr KOPER, Agnieszka PALMOWSKA, Agnieszka MYSZKOWSKA

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 4, 109–114

Article

WSN BASED THERMAL MODELING: A NEW INDOOR ENERGY EFFICIENT SOLUTION

In this paper, we proposed to use the Efficient Indoor Thermal Time Constant (EITTC) to characterize the indoor thermal response in old buildings. Accordingly, a low cost, energy-efficient, wide-applicable indoor thermal modeling solution is developed by combining Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) and Artificial Neural Network (ANN). Experiments on both prototype and building room showed consistent results that the combination of WSN and ANN can provide accurate indoor thermal models. A linear

Yi Zhao, Valentin Gies, Jean-Marc Ginoux

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 869–895

Article

ON-SITE THERMAL DIAGNOSTICS OF HEATING AND DHW INSTALLATIONS

operation of the installation, for determining the energy performance of the building and executing the energy audit of the building for thermomodernization purposes. The paper describes the methodology of comprehensive inspection and diagnostics of heating and DHW systems and outlines the scope of basic activities that should be performed. The practical application of such diagnostics in several buildings is also presented.

Aleksandra SPECJAŁ, Halina CIUMAN

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 2, 165–173

Review

THE PRELIMINARY UNIAXIAL COMPRESSION BEHAVIOR OF CORRUGATED COLD FORMED STEEL MEMBERS

elements produced have become very common thanks to this technology. As an example, a k-span manufactured with this technology and produced in the United States of America is shown in Figure 1 (M.I.C. Industries Inc., Gençler Metal Ltd. Inc.). The precise process of construction of RFM arch steel roofs and buildings is described in Refs. [1] and [2]. The corrugated members are formed by themselves while giving a belt shape to the flat hair panels [3–4]. Thus, the inertia is increased at a high degree

Mahmut KILIÇ, Mahyar MAALI, Abdulkadir Cüneyt AYDIN

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 2, 105–116

research-article

VALENCIAN RECONQUEST CHURCHES. STUDY OF THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL REMAINS FOUND IN THE ALGEMESÍ CAPILLA DE LA COMUNIÓN

buildings that have not been enlarged the door is located in the penultimate section of the nave” [3]; and another, coinciding with what is now the threshold of the Chapel, under the shelter of a sturdy bell tower. Figure 3. Hypothetical plant of the church of Algemesí in the thirteenth century. Source: authors Paragonizing the discovered vestiges with other parishes of the same typology and historical period, even having modified its physiognomy, the structural organization of the space was shown in

J. García SENTAMANS, I. Fernández PLAZAOLA, J. V. Ferrandis MONTESINOS, A. Sáez LANDETE

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 4, 37–50

Article

PROBLEMS OF DEVELOPMENT OF AN UNDERGROUND TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE OF CITIES

conditions with dense development and preservation of historical buildings in the city.

Oleksandr PSHYNKO, Anatoliy RADKEVYCH, Mikolay NETESA, Andrii NETESA

Transport Problems , ISSUE 1, 81–92

Article

SPACE MANAGEMENT AT THE LOCAL LEVEL IN VIEW OF THE CONDITIONS AND PLANNING THEORY ON THE EXAMPLE OF MEDIUM-SIZED CITIES IN THE ŁÓDŹ REGION

The planned directions for development in space management within the commune are indicated by, among others, a study and a document drawn up mandatorily for the entire municipal area. The analysis of the study record for the Kutno and Opoczno show that municipalities determine areas for newly urbanized housing sites. The use of new buildings would involve a dramatic increase in local community. The number of the inhabitants is decreasing and these trends are likely to remain. The results of

Sylwia KRZYSZTOFIK

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 3, 13–20

Article

ACOUSTIC EVALUATION OF A NEW MODULAR SYSTEM FOR GREEN ROOFS AND GREEN WALLS

Environmental noise is a major problem that affects citizen’s health and comfort mainly in densely populated urban areas. There are some ways to reduce environmental noise pollution through the use of materials with good acoustic insulation properties in buildings envelope. Recent studies have shown that green surfaces, e.g. in the form of green roofs and green walls, can contribute to decrease noise levels. The aim of this research is to identify how factors such as substrate and plants

Maria MANSO, João Paulo CASTRO-GOMES, Michal MARCHACZ, Marcin GÓRSKI, Leszek DULAK, Rafał ZUCHOWSKI

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 2, 99–108

research-article

IT TECHNOLOGIES IN ARCHITECTURE AND SPACE REPRESENTATION. BRUNO ZEVI METHODS REVISED

architecture, which is not characterized by the form of buildings, their style or technology, but a design process based on a model in a digital environment. According to his interpretation, the virtual prototype allows “simulating visual, functional, structural, environmental and even economic properties (...), modifying them until such point as the required result is achieved” [11]. Elizabeth Grosz calls virtual reality a parallel world and notes that it always existed, it is a place for potential

Aleksandra ŚLIWA

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 3, 35–40

Article

RELIABILITY-BASED EVALUATION OF LOSS DUE TO DISTRIBUTION OF NONSTRUCTURAL COMPONENTS IN HEIGHT

Leila HAJ NAJAFI, Mohsen TEHRANIZADEH

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 2, 77–98

Research Article

HARDWARE IMPLEMENTATION OF UWB RADAR FOR DETECTION OF TRAPPED VICTIMS IN COMPLEX ENVIRONMENT

generated by FDTD simulation for UWB radar detection of two trapped victims under debris at an earthquake site of collapsed buildings.

M.Anto Bennet, J. Narmatha, B. Pavithra, P. Suvetha, A. Sandhyalakshmi

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 258–

Article

MODELLING OF DECISION-MAKING FRAMEWORK FOR SELECTION TECHNOLOGICAL ADEQUACY SYSTEM MEDIA FAÇADES

certain technical characteristics, taking into account a set of real urban and architectural conditions of the building and the location in design of new or reconstruction of old buildings.

Jasna ČIKIĆ TOVAROVIĆ, Jelena IVANOVIĆ ŠEKULARAC, Nenad ŠEKULARAC

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 3, 55–70

Article

TESTS OF PHYSICOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF FUEL AND BALLAST FRACTIONS FROM WASTE PROCESSING INSTALLATIONS

Economic development of a country as well as growing consumption causes a rise in the amount of wastes, mainly municipal wastes. Basic sources of the municipal wastes are households and public buildings. When Poland joined European Union, it was necessary to introduce many changes related to the waste management. Gradually implemented actions aim at limiting the amounts of municipal wastes deposited in landfills and reducing biodegradable fraction of wastes. Production of fuel from the

Monika CZOP, Małgorzata KAJDA-SZCZEŚNIAK

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 3, 113–121

Article

A NON-LINEAR SHAPED ARCHITECTURE IN URBAN SPACE

The paper deals with the modernization and adaptation to the new features of existing objects in the urban fabric. In the twenty-first century the digital design tools, which are interfaced with the production of computer technology, have opened the new opportunities that not only are shaping the architectural objects, but also interferencing in the buildings’ structures. The selected objects are examined, which have been implemented in the European cities centers, and the new design approaches

Krystyna JANUSZKIEWICZ, Karol G. KOWALSKI

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 2, 5–11

Article

WIND INFLUENCE ON A BUILDING WITH THE NATURAL SMOKE REMOVAL SYSTEM

The natural smoke removal is a common way of protection of the escape routes in Poland. The operation of such systems is based on the phenomenon of buoyancy. The intensity of this effect depends on the temperature difference between smoke and ambient air. The second factor influencing the natural smoke flow inside a building is wind. The wind influence is significantly important for buildings equipped with smoke removal windows. However, also the other natural smoke removal systems could be

Małgorzata KRÓL, Aleksander KRÓL

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 3, 119–126

Research Article

PRELIMINARY ANALYSIS OF SEWAGE MANAGEMENT IN SOKÓLSKI DISTRICT

Abstract Rural areas, similar with the amount of produced sewage to urban areas, are rarely parts of agglomerations. Because of dispersed buildings and often poor infrastructure, sewage management regulation in rural areas can be difficult. Caring for the environment include aquatic environment protection. Sewage economy regulations, especially in rural areas, is a key issue in water contaminations counteracting. Often inappropriate sewage disposal and treatment methods choice could cause

Iwona SKOCZKO, Katarzyna OSZCZAPIŃSKA

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 4, 179–184

research-article

SELECTED ANALYSIS OF ENERGY-SAVING KINDERGARTEN IN ZŁOTY POTOK – COMMUNE OF JANOW, ALONG WITH ITS USAGE EVALUATION. A CASE STUDY

economically unjustified [3]. 2.1. Assumptions of passive construction In Poland, promotion and certification of passive buildings is carried out by the Polish Institute of Passive Construction and Renewable Energy named after Günter Schlagowski [4]. Research on passive housing is carried out by the Passive House Institute in Darmstadt [5]. The first passive building constructed, metered and tested is a residential building Kranichstein Darmstadt [6]. Passive construction is the term used to describe

Ada KOŁODZIEJCZYK-KĘSOŃ

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 1, 19–32

research-article

TRADITION AND INNOVATION IN SERBIAN 21ST CENTURY ARCHITECTURE – TRADITIONAL MATERIALS, MODERN FORMS AND SUGGESTED DESIGNS

flamboyant artistic figure of the chimney. In modern times, as a result of economic advances and the modernization of every-day life and consumerist mentality, man has slowly started to lose sight of the beauty of traditional buildings. 2. TRADITIONAL MATERIALS AND MODERN FORMS New materials, modern building techniques and the rise in needs of the populace have confused the modern man, who used to build houses for the most basic of needs using the materials he had within reach. It is evident that, in

Predrag MILOŚEVIĆ, Vladimir MILOŚEVIĆ, Grigor MILOŚEVIĆ

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 3, 23–34

research-article

The feasibility of motion sensor-based smart RFID system in improving the power saving

buildings and environments (Ling, 2015; Sovacool and Rio, 2020; Aman and Anitha, 2017). Several phenomena are exploited in detecting motion such as the optical, microwave, and acoustic (Khan et al., 2019; Micko, 2008; Lvov et al., 2018; Bakhsheshi et al., 2019; Moghavvemi and Seng, 2004). One of the very commonly used sensors is the pyroelectric infrared-based motion detector (PIR sensor), which is a passive sensor, its technology mainly based on detecting the heat energy emitted from the moving object

Anas Mouattah, Khalid Hachemi

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 1–9

Article

TAKING UP RESIDENCE NEAR THE GARDEN AS THE SUBSTITUTE OF THE GARDEN-CITY IDEA

Garden city is an idea regarded as one of the reasons for the spontaneous sprawl of buildings around the city. The paper compares the assumptions described in the book “Garden Cities of Tomorrow” with the way of the investment implementation on the outskirts of Łódź, in the buffer zone of the Łagiewnicki Forest. The analysis of the spatial structure of the newly urbanized open areas, made on the basis of aerial photography and introduction of geodesic division shows that the emerging housing

Sylwia KRZYSZTOFIK

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 2, 13–19

Article

A New Zealand case study: What is happening to lead changes to effective co-teaching in flexible learning spaces?

De-privatising teaching and working collaboratively with fellow teachers in purposively designed school buildings requires effective leadership. The principal is situated amongst those closely affiliated to their school such as teachers, parents and students, and yet they need to work alongside the wider school community, the school’s governing Board of Trustee members and national educational policy-makers and administrators. This article uses a single case study of a school leadership

Jo Fletcher, Julie Mackey, Letitia Fickel

Journal of Educational Leadership, Policy and Practice , ISSUE 1, 70–83

research-article

ENERGY PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENT OF ENVELOPES FROM ORGANIC MATERIALS

1. INTRODUCTION The global trend of organic materials application for the construction low rise residential accommodation in the context of the sustainable development concept results in growing interest towards the usage of both known natural materials and their combinations as well as the search of new technological decisions. The trend of eco-buildings is starting to play an important role. The concept of eco-buildings means construction of low-energy buildings [1] that cause less harm to

Yuriy BIKS, Georgiy RATUSHNYAK, Olga RATUSHNYAK

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 3, 55–67

research-article

MODELLING OF THE AIRFLOW IN THE PASSENGER COACH

for ordinary buildings, 2) obtained by using information included in standards [1, 2]. This was to answer the question of many constructors, which approach in design will be better to obtain the required parameters of thermal comfort. Prior to this work, the boundary conditions have been determined based on the results of measurement [11],[6],[10] or assumed values in computational simulations [8]. The information included in standards was not taken into account. 2. VENTILATION AND AIR

Izabela SARNA, Agnieszka PALMOWSKA

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 4, 125–133

research-article

COMPACT SINGLE-FAMILY HOUSING GENERATED BY PARAMETRIC DESIGN – SEARCH FOR OPTIMAL, SUSTAINABLE OR SMART DENSITIES

planning policies that were considered destructive to the local communities. Jacobs also pointed several important conditions for the implementation of urban regeneration: mixed of use, small walking distance urban blocks, mixing of ages and types of buildings, and dense concentration of people (ap.100 apartments per acre 247 apartments per hectare). The idea of compact city exist in many variations in many theories including the idea of smart city, but all of them lead to discussion about the urban

Tomasz BRADECKI, Dawid KĄTNY

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 1, 19–27

Article

STRUCTURAL INTERVENTION AT KENSINGTON PALACE 

scheme in light of technical requirements relating to access to and use of buildings. In assistance the original documents submitted for planning permission by John Simpson Architects, Historic Royal Palaces’ annual reviews formed the base of this paper. The regeneration scheme proved to be successful as after completion HRP noted significant increase in visitors’ numbers. As a result this project is an interesting insight of design criteria on how to balance potential impact on historic

Bartłomiej Gloger, MSc Eng. Arch., Jan Rabiej, Prof. DSc PhD Eng. Arch.

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 1, 5–10

Article

VISUAL ATTENTION MODEL WITH ADAPTIVE WEIGHTING OF CONSPICUITY MAPS FOR BUILDING DETECTION IN SATELLITE IMAGES

and evaluated against existing solutions in the literature. A novel adaptive algorithm then chooses the best weighting scheme based on a similarity error to ensure the best performance of the attention model in a given context. Finally, a neural network is trained to predict the set of weights provided by the best weighting scheme for the context of the image in which buildings are to be detected. The solution provides encouraging results on a set of 50 satellite images.

A.-M. Cretu, P. Payeur

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 742–766

Article

APPLICATION OF HIERARCHICAL ANALYSIS METHOD TO DESIGN THE STRUCTURAL PARTITIONS WITH DIFFERENT MATERIAL AND STRUCTURAL SOLUTIONS FOR WINDOW GLAZING

The aim of this study was to use AHP method to analyze seven types of windows in terms of cost-effectiveness of their designing in building partitions. The analysis referred to price as well as thermal and acoustic insulation for various construction and material solutions of window glazing. Using the analysis it was verified what windows are profitable to be used for various structural solutions in the existing buildings and how the thermal and acoustic coefficient is shaped at given

Artur NOWOŚWIAT, Monika LESZCZYŃSKA

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 3, 95–104

research-article

MODERN MATERIAL SOLUTIONS APPLIED IN PEDIATRIC FACILITIES

readability of the communication system within the large-scale medical units. Most hospital buildings operate on the base of the corridors system. Complex spatial system of combined medical unit’s long pathways causes a spatial disorientation of its users. A visual information system that is based on graphic signs and specially developed colors constitutes an attempt preventing this phenomenon. The Wayfinding System, established primarily on the interior’s design diversification, makes it easier for users

Agnieszka GĘBCZYŃSKA-JANOWICZ, Bogusława KONARZEWSKA

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 2, 13–24

research-article

INFLUENCE OF ARCHITECTURAL SOLUTIONS ON BUILDING HEAT PROTECTION WITH EXAMPLE OF HISTORICAL RURAL HOUSES IN NORTHERN CASSUBIA

stage by using modern thermoinsulating materials and execution technology, with increased financial outlays. Building heat protection translates into energy efficacy of buildings which can be evaluated by their users based on building heating costs. According to Laskowski, building heat protection is the sum of the practical application of heat physics based on algorithms and resulting in empirical quantification, on the knowledge of the properties of building materials and – in many cases – on

Mirosława GÓRECKA, Marek CHALECKI

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 2, 25–37

Research Article

IMPACT OF ENVELOPE STRUCTURE ON THE SOLUTIONS OF THERMAL INSULATION FROM THE INSIDE

degradation would ensue. For “Prussian walls” that are 12 cm thick and insulated on the inside we observe exceeding the level of 20% water content, which is critical for wood durability. These results present elementary problems that occur when buildings with “Prussian walls” construction undergo thermo insulation. Restoration process must be a compromise between the need to retain the historical aspect of a building and the need to bring them to modern heat and usability standards. On the basis of

Bożena ORLIK-KOŻDOŃ, Agnieszka SZYMANOWSKA-GWIŻDŻ

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 4, 123–134

research-article

THE APPLICATION OF INNOVATIVE ENERGY-EFFICIENT TECHNOLOGIES IN THE SUSTAINABLE MODEL OF A HOUSING ESTATE – SEESTADT ASPERN IN VIENNA

, the knowledge of urban planners today has to be extended to the living environment ecology: the reduction of the negative impact of buildings on the environment, protection of natural resources, adaptation of the layout of buildings to the topography of the terrain, adjustment of technical infrastructure to the use of renewable energy sources in order to save energy and water. Considering that the most frequently mentioned features of sustainable design are energy efficiency and the use of

Joanna BIEDROŃSKA

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 1, 15–22

No Record Found..
Page Actions