Introduction. Neurostimulation and neuromodulation are techniques that may be able to affect the course of epilepsy. In the last 20 years, since the approval of VNS, we have observed a surge of studies assessing the potential of other devices and techniques for the treatment of pharmacoresistant epilepsies including deep brain stimulation (DBS), responsive neurostimulation (RNS), trigeminal nerve stimulation (TNS), transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), and repetitive transcranial
Lauren B. Bolden,
Jerzy P. Szaflarski
Journal of Epileptology, Volume 23 , ISSUE 1, 45–59
with brain iron metabolism and homeostasis; however, many of its mechanisms, in particular related to neurodegeneration, are still unclear. A detailed understanding of the underlying mechanisms could be important for expanding the knowledge about pathogenesis of PD and the development of new therapeutic strategies.
In our previous study, higher concentration of pro-hepcidin (a 60-amino-acid pro-hormone) was observed in the serum of PD patients treated with DBS, which was statistically significant
Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 80 , ISSUE 3, 297–304
The subthalamic nucleus (STN) is important for normal movement as well as in movement disorders. The STN is a target nuclei in patients with advanced Parkinson’s disease (PD). Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a standard surgical treatment for PD. Although DBS results in a significant reduction in motor disability, several negative side effects have been reported. Thus, to understand the side effects of DBS the connection of the STN should be well known. Therefore, the present study aims to re
Yusuf Özgür Çakmak,
Sıla Kezban Kunt,
Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 78 , ISSUE 3, 251–263
benzodiazepines and anti-cholinergic agents, and Botox injections to relieve focal dystonia. Allied health services including speech, physiotherapy and occupational provide benefits to assist the individual to improve and maintain symptoms and function in daily life. Dependent on the availability of finances, the symptoms and age it is possible for patients to undergo lesioning surgery or deep brain stimulation (DBS).
Inheritance patterns of Lubag Syndrome (XDP) showing the inheritance from an
Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 27 , ISSUE 1, 7–10
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 10 , ISSUE 5, 101–122