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  • Immunohematology


original-report | 30-November-2020

Identification of RHD allelic variants discovered by atypical typing results on the NEO/Echo platforms

express an RHD allelic variant should be transfused with D– RBCs and, if pregnant, should be given Rh immune globulin (RhIG). To assess if an automated direct agglutination platform could be used to detect D+ patients at risk of forming anti-D, we evaluated the likelihood that decreased reactivity (either indeterminate [?] or 1+) of D typing by MDA on automated analyzers (Galileo Echo [Echo] or Galileo NEO [NEO]; Immucor, Norcross, GA) can reliably predict the necessity of RHD genotyping in WOCBP

J.P. Hudgins, C. Matsushita, C.W. Tuma, L. O’Brien, I.A. Shulman

Immunohematology, Volume 37 , ISSUE 4, 165–170

research-article | 08-March-2021

Intra-rater and inter-rater reliability of the process of obtaining cross-sectional area and echo intensity measurements of muscles from ultrasound images

Introduction More and more studies rely on ultrasonography (US) to measure muscle quality and size due to the imaging being a noninvasive and inexpensive procedure easily available to clinicians(1). Specifically, cross-sectional area (CSA) and echo intensity (EI) of skeletal muscles obtained with the use of ultrasound imaging provide crucial information regarding muscle composition and quality(2). CSA is a measurement of how large the muscle is, while EI is an index of muscle quality obtained

Eric J. Sobolewski, Leah D. Wein, Jacquelyn M. Crow, Kaitlyn M. Carpenter

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 84, 7–11

Report | 01-December-2019

Performance characteristics of two automated solid-phase red cell adherence systems for pretransfusion antibody screening:  a cautionary tale

Our institution has implemented two instruments, the Galileo and the Echo, that use different solid-phase red cell adherence assays for antibody screening in pretransfusion compatibility testing. During the initial implementation of these two instruments, we noticed very different problems: falsely positive results on the Galileo, and falsely negative results and lack of reproducibility on the Echo. Comparison of falsely positive antibody screen results from approximately equivalent numbers of

Karen Quillen, James Caron, Kate Murphy

Immunohematology, Volume 28 , ISSUE 4, 137–139

Review | 30-November-2018

Stress echocardiography. Part II: Stress echocardiography in conditions other than coronary heart disease

Introduction Stress echocardiography (stress echo, SE), with use of both old and new ultrasonographic cardiac function imaging techniques, has nowadays become a widely available, safe and inexpensive diagnostic method. Cardiac stress, such as exercise or an inotropic agent, allows for dynamic assessment of a wide array of ventricles, heart valves and pulmonary circulation functional parameters. The registration of dynamic cardiac response provides completely new insight important from both

Edyta Płońska-Gościniak, Tomasz Kukulski, Jarosław D. Kasprzak, Zbigniew Gąsior, Andrzej Szyszka, Andrzej Gackowski, Wojciech Braksator, Piotr Gościniak, Piotr Pysz, Szymon Olędzki, Wojciech Kosmala

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 76, 49–53

Review | 30-November-2018

Stress echocardiography. Part I: Stress echocardiography in coronary heart disease

Introduction Stress echocardiography (stress echo, SE) is a method in which various stimuli are used to elicit myocardial contractility or provoke cardiac ischemia with simultaneous echocardiographic recording of left ventricular function and valvular flow, if needed(1–7). SE is used for the diagnosis of coronary heart disease and valvular heart defects. The stressors used include physical exercise, pharmacological agents (dobutamine, vasodilators) and pacing stress, most often with the use of

Edyta Płońska-Gościniak, Andrzej Gackowski, Tomasz Kukulski, Jarosław D. Kasprzak, Andrzej Szyszka, Wojciech Braksator, Zbigniew Gąsior, Barbara Lichodziejewska, Piotr Pysz

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 76, 45–48

Original Paper | 09-October-2019

A field analysis trial comparing the turnaround times of routine and STAT red blood cell immunohematology testing

, and workload. Our site performed a comparative analysis of the ORTHO VISION® (Ortho Clinical Diagnostics, Raritan, NJ) and the Echo® (Immucor, Norcross, GA) blood bank analyzers, using the TAT and PT of standard blood bank tests as the outcome metrics. Tests were run in various combinations to reflect the standard workflow of a busy hospital transfusion service and under routine and immediate or STAT conditions. We also compared manual versus automated processing TATs for a variety of pre

Katie Sackett, Andrea Kjell, Abigail M. Schneider Schneider, Claudia S. Cohn Cohn

Immunohematology, Volume 33 , ISSUE 1, 1–5

original-paper | 30-November-2018

Non-invasive diagnosis of aortic arch anomalies in children – 15 years of own experience

cardiac departments, which also feature echo laboratories, represent a large proportion of pediatric patients with vascular malformations. The diagnostic process includes cases of patients with previously diagnosed vascular ring, who are referred for surgical treatment, as well as those diagnosed during a thorough qualification for surgery due to other congenital heart defects. Materials and methods Echocardiography is of key importance for the diagnosis of anatomical abnormalities of the main

Wojciech Mądry, Maciej Aleksander Karolczak, Marcin Myszkowski, Ewa Zacharska-Kokot

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 76, 5–8

Article | 01-December-2014


Practical application of underwater target echo signal usually get disturbed a Gaussian noise and non-Gaussian noise, in view of the signal recognition problem, this paper proposes a double spectrum analysis based on wavelet transform domain method of weak signal and D-S data fusion algorithm. Through the study of double spectrum of the wavelet transform domain analysis to the signal processing algorithm, the characteristics of the target signal and noise source signal, a processing method of

Lijuan Wang, Xiaojing Liu

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 4, 1753–1772

Review | 30-November-2018

Echocardiography in adults

pacemakers) may be used during echocardiography. Intravenous echo contrast agent in the form of encapsulated microbubbles may be used in patients with a limited acoustic window to visualize the endocardium (especially during stress test) or other anatomical details, or to improve Doppler signal. Depending on their size and stability, determining their passage through pulmonary circulation, only the right side of the heart (shaken saline) or the entire heart (first and second generation contrast agents

Edyta Płońska-Gościniak, Barbara Lichodziejewska, Andrzej Szyszka, Tomasz Kukulski, Jarosław D. Kasprzak, Olga Dzikowska-Diduch, Andrzej Gackowski, Piotr Gościniak, Piotr Pysz, Zbigniew Gąsior

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 76, 54–61

research-article | 31-December-2019

The usefulness of high-frequency ultrasonography in the preoperative evaluation of vulvar cancer – a case series

referred to our center at an advanced stage of the disease. Thirdly, HFUS is a mechanical probe, allowing only a gray scale assessment. In our opinion, additional options like Doppler ultrasound, micro-flow imaging, elastography would bring useful information about vulvar cancer. Conclusion HFUS seems a promising tool for the preoperative assessment of BCC and SCC. High-frequency probes can provide some important information, such as morphology, margins, and internal echo, contributing to the choice

Michał Migda, Marian Stanisław Migda, Bartosz Migda, Marek Maleńczyk

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 79, 305–310

Review | 29-September-2017

Diagnostic errors in musculoskeletal ultrasound imaging and how to avoid them

highlighted. The most common artifacts of the musculoskeletal system have been described, including those that diagnostically helpful, such as the presence of echo enhancement deep to a fluid-filled structure, or an acoustic shadow behind a calcification. The presence of acoustic shadow in the context of lesions of a different type has also been discussed. The common anisotropy-related artifacts, frequently leading to diagnosis of a pathological condition where none is present, have been elaborated on

Małgorzata Serafin-Król, Artur Maliborski

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 70, 188–196

Article | 05-September-2013


in an effort to tune an appropriate guided wave mode. A five cycle Hanning pulse is transmitted, and the pulse-echo data recorded at the receivers is processed using two novel algorithms, namely damage index 1 (DI1) and damage index 2 (DI2), based on wavelet transformation to identify defects in the form of cracks and loose rivet holes, which are located both near and far away from the array. In both cases, damage index (DI) maps are generated for identification of defects in a particular

Sauvik Banerjee, Debadatta Mandal, Shaik Mahabu Subhani

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 4, 1435–1455

Case report | 30-March-2018

Anomalous origin of the right coronary artery from the main pulmonary artery treated surgically in a 6-week-old infant. A case report and review of the literature

, cardiac ECHO showed abnormal origin of the right coronary artery from the trunk of the pulmonary artery. The child was deemed eligible for surgical treatment of the defect. The surgical translocation of the ostium of the right coronary artery to the aorta was done with success, and the child was discharged on the 14th day of hospitalization.ConclusionThe present case report demonstrates that careful examination of the child with precise echocardiographic examination makes it possible to establish an

Krzysztof Grabowski, Maciej Aleksander Karolczak, Ewa Zacharska-Kokot, Wojciech Mądry, Jacek Pająk

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 72, 71–76

Research Article | 15-February-2020

In Situ Monitoring of Temperature Rise in Friction Surface Using Ultrasonic Technique

distribution beneath the surface. Those temperatures near the friction surface are quantitatively determined by an effective method consisting of ultrasonic pulseecho measurements and a finite difference calculation for estimating a one-dimensional temperature distribution along the direction of ultrasound propagation. The advantage of the method is that no boundary condition at the friction surface is needed. To demonstrate the practical feasibility of the method, the ultrasonic pulse echo measurements at

I. Ihara, S. Aoki

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–4

research-article | 28-September-2020

Comparison of sonographic hepatorenal ratio and the degree of hepatic steatosis in magnetic resonance imaging-proton density fat fraction

was selected, excluding large vessels, renal sinus, masses or cysts. Portions of ROIs affected by artifacts were also excluded (Fig. 1). Fig. 1. The hepatic and right renal ROIs were selected at the same depth along the focusing area near the center of the image to avoid image distortion effects and beam attenuation The sonographic HR ratio was calculated by dividing the mean echo intensity of the pixels within the selected hepatic ROI by those within the selected ROIs of the right renal cortex

Natthaporn Tanpowpong, Sineenart Panichyawat

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 82, 169–175

research-article | 18-December-2020

Ultrasound image of healthy skin in newborns in the first 24 hours of life

study material comprised data derived from the children’s medical records including birth weight, sex, post-conceptional age, and the pH of arterial cord blood. All skin examinations were performed using DermaMed Ultrasound Scanner with a 48 MHz probe. B-mode images were acquired. A total of three structures were identified including the epidermal echo, dermis, and subcutaneous tissue. The thickness of the epidermis and dermis, and the echogenicity of the dermis and subcutaneous tissue, were

Paulina Przybysz, Teresa Jackowska, Maria Wilińska, Sylwia Malinowska, Joanna Wójtowicz, Robert Krzysztof Mlosek

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 83, 242–247

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