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Research Article

A study on electric bicycle energy efficiency

The paper presents a construction of an experimental electric bicycle for evaluation of the energy efficiency. The bicycle is equipped with onboard computer which can store the information about motion and energy consumption. The result concerning power, energy consumption, recharging during brake process, etc. are given. Energy consumption for 3 typical city routes is studied.

Ivan EVTIMOV, Rosen IVANOV, Gergana STANEVA, Georgi KADIKYANOV

Transport Problems , ISSUE 3, 131–140

research-article

ENERGY OPTIMISATION OF RESEARCH BUILDINGS IN VIENNA WITH A PHOTOVOLTAIC FAÇADE.

1. INTRODUCTION It is already clear today that better overall efficiency of future energy systems can be significant if the use of renewable energy sources increases. The introduction of photovoltaic elements into modern architecture is the result of an understanding of the need to use renewable energy sources, in this case solar energy, in order to implement sustainable development principles. In terms of architecture, it is this technology, which marks its presence in the façade or on the

Joanna BIEDROŃSKA

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 3, 5–12

Article

CANTILEVER BEAM BASED PIEZOELECTRIC ENERGY HARVESTER

With the application of wireless sensor networks become widespread, supply energy for these wireless sensors proves to be a significant issue. Moreover, for the ambient vibration lies everywhere, the vibration can supply energy for the wireless sensor via energy harvester. The piezoelectric energy harvester becomes the research focus for the simple structure and higher energy conversion efficiency. Due to the transcendental equation in distributed parameter model, the numerical method is become

Yao Fenglin, Meng Wengjun, Zhao Jie, Yin Hang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 2018–2041

Article

ENERGY CHARACTERISTICS OF CITROEN BERLINGO CONVERTED TO ELECTRIC VEHICLE

This report introduces the study results of a Citroen Berlingo converted into an electric car. It presents the energy properties of road and laboratory tests. Initially the structure of the converted car is described, and characteristics of the main car elements are given. Then, the power and energy characteristics of the converted car are obtained and analyzed. On the road, energy consumption at different constant speeds is registered. In addition, at laboratory, the energy consumption during

Rosen IVANOV, Milen SAPUNDZHIEV, Georgi KADIKYANOV, Gergana STANEVA

Transport Problems , ISSUE 3, 151–161

Research Article

IMPACT OF ROAD GEOMETRY ON VEHICLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION

It has been shown that road geometry has a great impact on overall energy consumption and emissions. Some roads connect traffic origins and destinations directly. On the other hand, some use winding, indirect routes. Indirect connections result in longer distances driven and increased fuel consumption. A similar effect is observed on congested roads and mountain roads with many changes in altitude. Therefore, we propose a framework to assess road networks based on energy consumption. This

Blaž LUIN, Stojan PETELIN

Transport Problems , ISSUE 2, 77–87

Article

ESTIMATION OF ENERGY INTENSITY IN INDIAN IRON AND STEEL SECTOR: A PANEL DATA ANALYSIS

India is the world’s third largest consumer of primary energy, which includes fossil fuels like coal, oil, etc. The total primary energy consumption in India in 2015 was 107 Mtoe. India’s total final energy consumption was estimated at 527 Mtoe of which the industrial sectors consumed about 30% (185 Mtoe) in 2013. The Iron and Steel sector is one of the most energy-intensive industries, consuming about 25% of the total industrial energy consumption. The energy consumption in Indian

Anukriti Sharma, Hiranmoy Roy, Narendra Nath Dalei

Statistics in Transition New Series , ISSUE 2, 107–121

Article

HYDRO PNEUMATIC MECHANICAL ENERGY ABSORBER ENHANCING PASSIVE SAFETY OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

The purpose of this paper is to describe and analyse a mechanical device designed to enhance the safety of a motor vehicle. The topic is addressed by analysing the method of absorbing kinetic energy during a car collision with an obstacle. The article analyses opportunities to convert motor vehicle’s kinetic energy into another type of energy in the case of collision. For this purpose, various mechanical, hydraulic or pneumatic devices are normally used. Such devices are designed to

Marijonas BOGDEVIČIUS, Rolandas VITKŪNAS

Transport Problems , ISSUE 2, 5–17

research-article

THE APPLICATION OF INNOVATIVE ENERGY-EFFICIENT TECHNOLOGIES IN THE SUSTAINABLE MODEL OF A HOUSING ESTATE – SEESTADT ASPERN IN VIENNA

, the knowledge of urban planners today has to be extended to the living environment ecology: the reduction of the negative impact of buildings on the environment, protection of natural resources, adaptation of the layout of buildings to the topography of the terrain, adjustment of technical infrastructure to the use of renewable energy sources in order to save energy and water. Considering that the most frequently mentioned features of sustainable design are energy efficiency and the use of

Joanna BIEDROŃSKA

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 1, 15–22

Article

PASSIVE SYSTEMS IN RAISING ENERGY EFFICIENCY OF PUBLIC UTILITY BUILDINGS – ACTION SIMULATIONS

Public utility buildings are formally, structurally and functionally complex entities. Frequently the process of their design involves retroactive reconsideration of energy engineering issues, once a building concept has already been completed. At that stage minor formal corrections are made along with the design of the external layer of the building, satisfying or even exceeding applicable standards. Architecture students do the same when designing assigned public utility buildings. It can be

Marek A. WOŁOSZYN

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 2, 37–43

Article

A FRAMEWORK FOR “ENERGY-SAVING STRATEGIES”: UTILIZATION OF A CUE OFFERING INTERFACE

Mass consumption of energy is a big problem. Energy-saving activities which are a solution to this problem have been attracting a lot of attention. Nevertheless, in order to engage in thorough energy-saving activities, consumers need support; on the other hand, even with support, the effects seem to be only temporary. In this paper, to obtain a long-term effect, we focus on developing a method to raise consumers' awareness about energy-saving behavior. To this end, we designed an interface

Yasutaka Kishi, Kyoko Ito, Shogo Nishida

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 1850–1869

research-article

ENERGY PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENT OF ENVELOPES FROM ORGANIC MATERIALS

1. INTRODUCTION The global trend of organic materials application for the construction low rise residential accommodation in the context of the sustainable development concept results in growing interest towards the usage of both known natural materials and their combinations as well as the search of new technological decisions. The trend of eco-buildings is starting to play an important role. The concept of eco-buildings means construction of low-energy buildings [1] that cause less harm to

Yuriy BIKS, Georgiy RATUSHNYAK, Olga RATUSHNYAK

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 3, 55–67

Article

THE ANALYSIS OF THE DIRECT FOUNDATION WITH ENERGY FOUNDATIONS ON THE BASIS OF THE OFFICE BUILDING “A4 BUSINESS PARK” IN KATOWICE AT FRANCUSKA STREET

Resources of geothermal energy range from the shallow ground to hot water and hot rock were found a few kilometres beneath the Earth's surface, and down even deeper to the extremely high temperatures of molten rock called magma. The paper shows the analysis of the public building foundation with the usage of shallow geothermal system (closed loop systems using the vertical energy piles). In the soil and groundwater conditions the change of the way of public building foundation was suggested

Małgorzata JASTRZĘBSKA, Barbara WAWRZYŃCZYK

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 2, 65–76

Article

A COMPREHENSIVE ANALYSIS ON SIZING OF SOLAR ENERGY HARVESTER ELEMENTS FOR WIRELESS SENSOR MOTES

Wireless sensor networks (WSN) have limited lifetime due to on board battery. The lifetime can be improved by energy harvesting solutions. In this paper the solar energy harvester requirements for TelosB mote has been analyzed and calculated. Photovoltaic (PV) panel and battery sizing requirements are calculated by assuming that the mote follows SMAC and TDMA-MAC schedule for image communication. The calculations are validated by comparing it with the parameters calculated from the real time

R. Hemalatha, R. Ramaprabha, S. Radha

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 291–315

Research Article

SCALING ISSUES IN LARGE NETWORKS OF SMALL SENSORS: ENERGY AND COMMUNICATION MANAGEMENT

We discuss five scaling-related issues in robotics and robotic systems. They are unified by an understanding of the fundamental engineering constraints imposed by the essentially fixed fundamental strength of materials and the essentially fixed practical density at which energy can be stored. These constraints have profound effects on when big bodies are in danger of collapsing under their own weight and when small bodies are in danger of running out of fuel. The section on strength provides a

Mel Siegel

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 285–299

Article

USE OF CASING SOIL FROM SPENT MUSHROOM COMPOST FOR ENERGY RECOVERY PURPOSES IN POLAND

Use of spent mushroom substrate (SMC) for energy production appears as a response to the problem with the utilization of this waste throughout the whole year. In the Polish national energy supply system, which is based mainly on hard coal and lignite, use of biomass may contribute to limiting CO2 emissions. The work presents a comparative analysis of the unit emission of CO2, CO, SO2, NOx and particle matter referred to the unit of energy produced from the referenced hard coal, spent mushroom

Monika CZOP, Krzysztof PIKOŃ

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 1, 95–102

Research paper

A Novel Biased Energy Distribution (BED) Technique for Cluster-Based Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks

This paper presents the impact of utilizing a biased energy distribution (BED) scheme for clustering sensor networks. In clustering sensor networks, some of the nodes are elected as aggregators and they compress the data from their cluster members before sending the aggregated data to the sink. Existing clustering routing protocols assume that all the nodes are provided with equal amount of energy but this shortens the network lifetime and makes the network unstable. This paper proposes a

A. F. Salami, H. Bello-Salau, F. Anwar, A. M. Aibinu

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 161–173

research-article

A CASE STUDY ON THE IMPACT OF BUILDING ENVELOPE ON ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN HIGH-RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS

1. INTRODUCTION Energy consumption is gradually increasing due to the increase in user-oriented comfort requirements besides the continuously growth in population and building stock. According to the 2010 AR5 Report (Fifth Assessment Report) by IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change), globally 32% of the total energy consumption and 19% of the greenhouse gas emissions belong to the buildings [1]. The energy data of EU in 2016 shows that these rates increased to 40% and 36

Dinçer AYDIN, Esma MIHLAYANLAR

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 1, 5–18

Article

MODELING OF ENERGY CROPS GASIFICATION BASED ON EXPERIMENTAL DATA

The paper presents a mathematical model of the selected energy crops gasification. Firstly, the experimental study of the biomass gasification process using fixed-bed reactor was conducted. The highest calorific value was obtained from the gasification of Miscanthus x giganteus (3.84 MJ/m3n). Based on the experimental results, a model of the gasifier built in Aspen Plus was verified. The developed mathematical model of the gasification system properly reflects the processes occurring in the

Anna SKOREK-OSIKOWSKA, Wojciech UCHMAN, Sebastian WERLE

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 3, 135–141

Research Article

Topology Optimization Control with Balanced Energy and Load in Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks

In view of unbalanced link bandwidth and node energy consumption in Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks (UASNs), a distributed topology optimization control algorithm (EL-BatCA) is proposed, which is based on balanced network energy and load. A hierarchical network model is designed based on minimum-hop, by which the nodes are divided into n layers. EL-BatCA is implemented through three stages-topology graph formation in initialization, an innovative transmission power adjustment in topology

Wenyan Fu, Deshi Li, Jian chen, Yanyan Han, Jugen Nie

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 138–159

Research Article

COMPREHENSIVE ENERGY DIAGNOSTICS CARRIED OUT IN A RESIDENTIAL BUILDING – A CASE STUDY

Abstract The article presents the case study of the comprehensive diagnosis of an existing residential building with natural ventilation. The results of quick diagnostics of thermal insulation of the building, the heating system, ventilation, domestic hot water preparation and the quality of the environment in the rooms were presented. Based on the data obtained by measurements, the energy performance of the building was prepared using the building certification calculation method. The energy

Dorota BARTOSZ

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 4, 137–150

Research Article

Design of magnetic field alarm  powered by magnetic energy harvesting

This paper presents a design of magnetic field alarm powered by magnetic energy harvesting. It consists of an energy harvesting module, Cockcroft-walton circuit and piezo buzzer. The energy harvesting module is composed of coil and magnetic flux concentration core. It can generate 200 µW from an environmental magnetic field of 200 µT at 60 Hz. The Cockcroft-walton circuit can converts the ac voltage to a suitable dc voltage for the piezo buzzer.  This alarm can notice not only

Kunihisa Tashiro, Azusa Ikegami, Syoichiro Shimada, Hiroaki Kojima, Hiroyuki Wakiwaka

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–5

research-article

SELECTED ANALYSIS OF ENERGY-SAVING KINDERGARTEN IN ZŁOTY POTOK – COMMUNE OF JANOW, ALONG WITH ITS USAGE EVALUATION. A CASE STUDY

1. INTRODUCTION In the era of air pollution and too large production of carbon dioxide, the emphasis is put on energy-saving construction. [1] One of the types of such a trend in the construction industry is passive construction [2]. This paper presents the analysis of a kindergarten building project to show whether an object can be described as a passive building. It also includes a kindergarten user satisfaction survey to confirm the thesis about the comfort of the use of energy-saving and

Ada KOŁODZIEJCZYK-KĘSOŃ

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 1, 19–32

Article

OPTIMAL TECHNIQUES FOR SENSING ERROR MINIMIZATION WITH IMPROVED ENERGY DETECTION IN COGNITIVE RADIOS

Spectrum sensing, the problem of detecting the presence of licensed user in the channel is considered in this paper. Energy detection is best suited for the spectrum sensing when prior knowledge about the primary users is unavailable. Existing works report improved versions of energy detection which primarily focuses on maximizing the detection performance. Sensing error minimization is an important aspect of spectrum sensing that needs attention. This paper focuses on the sensing error

K. Muthumeenakshi, S. Radha

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 2014–2034

Article

Cluster-based Routing Performance Optimization Constraint of Energy, Delay and Connectivity Metrics in Wireless Sensor Network

This paper aims to propose a framework for optimizing performance in cluster-based wireless sensor networks (WSNs) with constrains of energy consumption, delay and connectivity. For the limitation of energy storage being discussed a lot, many researches try to find more solutions to improve it. But, the other index of wireless sensor networks may be deteriorated by many routings which are dedicated to optimizing energy consumption. Thereby, multi-objectives optimization is one of significant

Ting CAO, Yuhao WANG, Xinmin XIONG, Yan HAO

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 2103–2118

Article

A NEW UNEQUAL CLUSTERING ALGORITHM USING ENERGY-BALANCED AREA PARTITIONING FOR WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

this paper, we propose a new unequal clustering algorithm based on the partitioned circles network model, having better accuracy in the energy consumption analysis than the rectangular one. The superiority of the algorithm we propose is cluster parameters, by which the region width and cluster-head probability, are obtained with a complete energy consumption analysis. Through the simulation evaluation, the algorithm brings the better performance than the equal clustering.

Amin Suharjono, Wirawan, Gamantyo Hendrantoro

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1808–1829

Research paper

POSTERIOR BELIEF CLUSTERING ALGORITHM FOR ENERGY-EFFICIENT TRACKING IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

In this paper, we propose a novel posterior belief clustering (PBC) algorithm to solve the tradeoff between target tracking performance and sensors energy consumption in wireless sensor networks. We model the target tracking under dynamic uncertain environment using partially observable Markov decision processes (POMDPs), and transform the optimization of the tradeoff between tracking performance and energy consumption into yielding the optimal value function of POMDPs. We analyze the error of

Bo Wu, Yanpeng Feng, Hongyan Zheng

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 628–641

Article

THE CONCEPT OF MULTIFUNCIONAL WALL - AN ENERGY SYSTEM INTEGRATED IN A SINGLE WALL

thermal conditions. The multilayer wall, therefore, plays a major role in the thermal shielding of a building and is a key component in energy efficiency. And the use of new construction materials the wall functionality has been expanded. This application has also expanded the role of a wall in the process of energy management of a building. A non-transparent wall can produce electricity, supply heat from solar radiation, absorb, store and distribute heat. It can be responsible for stabilizing room

Jarosław FIGASZEWSKI, Joanna SOKOŁOWSKA-MOSKWIAK

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 1, 5–10

Research Article

FRAMEWORK IMPLEMENTATION, FIRMWARE DEVELOPMENT AND CHARACTERIZATION OF FLEX-SPI COMMUNICATION PROTOCOL: ENERGY CONSUMPTION ANALYSIS AND COMPARISON WITH I2C STANDARD

In this paper, we report a detailed description of developed Flex-SPI firmware structure together with experimental tests carried out by using ad-hoc instrumental setups based on TI MSP-EXP430F5438 experimenter boards. Developed framework, aimed to provide a solid base to test the possibility of performing a shared SPI communication with a fixed number of wires without renouncing to push-pull output stage advantages, has been implemented and successfully validated. Also, FlexSPI energy

P. Visconti, G. Giannotta, R. Brama, P. Primiceri, R. de Fazio, A. Malvasi

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 754–792

Article

REDUCTION OF ELECTRIC LOCOMOTIVE'S ENERGY CONSUMPTION BY SCALABLE TRACTIVE POWER CONTROL

At the beginning of the paper, the analysis of energy efficiency indicators for freight electric locomotive with asynchronous traction drive feeding from AC network under various operating conditions including when working with trains of various masses is made. The movement on different railway sections is considered. The graphs of locomotive’s speed, traction force, consumed power, and power for the traction obtained by on-board recorder are shown. In addition, the dependence of the

Andrey Andryushchenko, Pavel Kolpahchyan, Alexander Zarifyan Jr.

Transport Problems , ISSUE 2, 103–110

Article

Research on Balanced Energy Consumption of Wireless Sensor Network Nodes Based on Clustering Algorithm

A multi-cluster-head based clustering routing algorithm is researched and realized in order to achieve better balance the energy consumption of wireless sensor network nodes as well as promote the stability and extend the service life of the network. By taking cluster as the basic unit, it divides the wireless sensor network into multiple clusters, each of which includes a main cluster head node, an assistant cluster head node, a cluster management node and several ordinary nodes. The article

Jie Huang

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 4, 15–19

Article

STUDY OF THE USE OF ALTERNATIVE ENERGY SOURCES IN INLAND WATERWAY TRANSPORT

A study has been conducted on the use of alternative energy sources for propulsion of a vessel in inland waterway transport. It is clear that at this stage it is most appropriate to use a vessel designed for short-haul trips between two banks of a ferryboat for passengers and luggage or for recreation and entertainment. On this basis, research has been conducted on a newly designed and built vessel to carry up to 12 people. The drive is fully powered by 180-Ah batteries at 48 V. The batteries

Velizara PENCHEVA, Asen ASENOV, Ivan BELOEV, Valeri GEORGIEV

Transport Problems , ISSUE 3, 109–120

Article

SELADG: SECURE ENERGY EFFICIENT LOCATION AWARE DATA GATHERING APPROACH FOR WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

Recent trends in wireless sensor networks leads to the development of new protocols for data gathering. In this paper, a secure energy efficient location aware data gathering approach is introduced to secure data gathering. An Elliptic Curve Diffie Hellman Key Exchange (ECDHKE) algorithm is utilized for key generation and key exchange between the sensor nodes to maintain security and prevent the data from malicious nodes. The performance of the proposed scheme is validated in terms of packet

M. Roseline Juliana, S. Srinivasan

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 1748–1767

Article

ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND CARBON FOOTPRINT OF AN ELECTRIC VEHICLE AND A VEHICLE WITH AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

The use of electrically powered vehicles is becoming more and more established in practice and represents a promising solution in future ensuring quality mobility and reducing the pollution in the environment. Since these vehicles are high-priced, and there is still a low awareness among consumers in terms of energy consumption and pollution, vehicles with an internal combustion engine remain the norm. For this purpose, the study, here, provides an energy consumption estimate of an electric

Robert Robert Muha, Aleš Peroša

Transport Problems , ISSUE 2, 49–58

Article

WIRELESS ENERGY MONITORING SYSTEM OF PHOTOVOLTAIC PLANTS WITH SMART ANTI-THEFT SOLUTION INTEGRATED WITH CONTROL UNIT OF HOUSEHOLD ELECTRICAL CONSUMPTION

This paper describes an intelligent system for monitoring photovoltaic plants, detecting thefts or malfunctions and optimizing energy production by algorithm to drive solar trackers. Sensing/processing board detects environmental parameters and calculates produced power/energy for monitoring efficiency while anti-theft system reveals any critical condition. Designed board controls biaxial trackers calculating sun position and following solar orbit to optimize energy production. Monitoring and

P. Visconti, A. Lay-Ekuakille, P Primiceri, G. Cavalera

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 681–708

Review

ENERGY EFFICIENCY ECONOMICS OF CONVERSION OF BIOGAS FROM THE FERMENTATION OF SEWAGE SLUDGE TO BIOMETHANE AS A FUEL FOR AUTOMOTIVE VEHICLES

sewage sludge as an energy raw material for further biogas production processes. The biogas generated at the municipal wastewater treatment plant in the process of anaerobic fermentation of sewage sludge is a source of renewable energy. The use of biogas for energy purposes at sewage plants necessitates the adoption of appropriate conditioning procedures to remove contaminants such as sulfur compounds, siloxanes, nitrogen, ammonia, water. Presently, the most commonly used management method of biogas

Józef CIUŁA, Krzysztof GASKA, Łukasz ILJUCZONEK, Agnieszka GENEROWICZ, Viktor KOVAL

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 2, 131–140

Research Article

Change-point detection in CO2 emission-energy consumption nexus using a recursive Bayesian estimation approach

This article focuses on the synthesis of conditional dependence structure of recursive Bayesian estimation of dynamic state space models with time-varying parameters using a newly modified recursive Bayesian algorithm. The results of empirical applications to climate data from Nigeria reveals that the relationship between energy consumption and carbon dioxide emission in Nigeria reached the lowest peak in the late 1980s and the highest peak in early 2000. For South Africa, the slope trajectory

Olushina Olawale Awe, Abosede Adedayo Adepoju

Statistics in Transition New Series , ISSUE 1, 123–136

Article

DEVELOPMENT OF WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK USING BLUETOOTH LOW ENERGY (BLE) FOR CONSTRUCTION NOISE MONITORING

In this paper the development of a Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) for construction noise identification and sound locating is investigated using the novel application of Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE). Three WSNs using different system-on-chip (SoC) devices and networking protocols have been prototyped using a Raspberry Pi as the gateway in the network. The functionality of the system has been demonstrated with data logging experiments and comparisons has been made between the different WSN systems

Josie Hughes, Jize Yan, Kenichi Soga

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 1379–1405

Article

ESTIMATION OF THE SEASONAL DEMAND FOR COOLING BASED ON THE SHORT-TERM DATA

The paper analyzes the possibility of using the energy signature method based on the linear regression to determine the seasonal energy demand for cooling and ventilation in the office building. The “extended” energy signature method (H-m method) was described and applied. In accordance with Standard (EN 15603) the estimation of energy consumption for cooling can be performed for a period shorter than the entire season, but data range must be appropriate to obtain the correct accuracy of the

Dorota BARTOSZ, Aleksandra SPECJAŁ

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 2, 133–143

Article

Method of Determining Relevance of Changing Processes of Condition Building Parameters

In the modern world it is increasingly referred to the concept of intelligent building. Intelligent building referred to above all energy-efficient building, using alternative energy sources, as well as equipped with modern energy efficient technologies that reduce the energy consumption of the building in general. But for all the time and does not set forth a definition of intelligence buildings, which leads to different opinions and approaches to the understanding of the term.

Anna Doroshenko, Andrey Volkov

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 1, 115–119

Article

SETTLEMENTS OF INDIVIDUAL HEATING COSTS IN MULTIFAMILY BUILDINGS - POLISH EXPERIENCE

European Directive on energy efficiency requires the settlement of energy consumers according to the actual consumption. The use of properly operating and socially acceptable settlement systems of individual heating costs contributes to energy savings in the residential sector. The paper presents the national legal requirements in this field and the possibility of using different settlement systems of heating costs. The main causes of irregularities in settlements of individual heating costs

Aleksandra SPECJAŁ, Halina CIUMAN

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 3, 143–151

Research Article

Low Energy Adaptive Routing Hierarchy Based on Differential Evolution

In recent years, wireless sensor network (WSN) is a rapidly evolving technological platform with tremendous and novel applications. Many routing protocols have been specially designed for WSN because the sensor nodes are typically battery-power. To prolong the network lifetime, power management and energy-efficient routing techniques become necessary. In large scale wireless sensor networks, hierarchical routing has the advantage of providing scalable and resource efficient solutions. To find

Xiangyuan Yin, Zhihao Ling, Liping Guan

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 523–547

Research Article

DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF PREDICTIVE
CONTROLLERS ON THE RECTIFIER AND QUASI IMPEDANCESOURCE INVERTER IN A WIND ENERGY CONVERSION SYSTEM BASED ON PERMANENT MAGNET SYNCHRONOUS GENERATOR

Two controllers are proposed in this paper. These controllers have been designed and implemented on the rectifier and quasi impedance-source inverter (QZSI) in the wind energy conversion system based on permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG). Model based predictive control strategy (MBPC) has been used at the proposed design for both controllers. Control of parameters such as load current, inductor current and capacitor voltage are the major aim of design of predictive controllers; hence

Hamed Javaheri Fard

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 451–490

Research Article

HYBRID POWER HARVESTER USING ENGINE SOURCE

In mainly we present a compact, multisource and battery-free energy harvesting from engine source. This battery free generator captures energy from its environment transient thermal gradients as a main source, and vibration as a secondary source allowing early biasing of the generator and stores this energy in ultra-capacitors .In this way, this multi-source architecture benefits from the synergy between energy scavenging and harvesting.

A.Ahmed Meeran Mydeen, Kelwin Inasu, M. Venkatesh, C. Suthesh

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 198–211

Article

INTELLIGENT TECHNOLOGIES FOR EFFICIENT POWER SUPPLY IN TRANSPORT SYSTEMS

The main directions of development of the energy-saving technologies in electrified transport systems are considered in the article with taking into account the flexible regulating features of modern power equipment. The proposed theory and principles of functioning allow understanding the optimal control laws for converters, accumulators, and renewable energy sources in their integration into traction power supply systems. Research opens the possibility of the installed power of the required

Dmytro BOSYI, Oleh SABLIN, Iryna KHOMENKO, Yevhen KOSARIEV, Ivan KEBAL, Sergii MYAMLIN Jr.

Transport Problems , ISSUE SE, 57–70

Article

OPTIMIZATION OF WINDOW SIZE DESIGN FOR DETACHED HOUSE USING TRNSYS SIMULATIONS AND GENETIC ALGORITHM

Heat gains from the sun affect the heat balance of building by reducing the energy demand at certain periods of the year and increasing it at others. Windows, especially the type of glazing, are a determining factor in the successful use of solar gains. The aim of the research presented in the paper is to analyse the effects of the type and size of windows on annual heating and cooling energy consumption considering the energy costs in Polish climate conditions. Additionally the influence of

Joanna FERDYN-GRYGIEREK, Krzysztof GRYGIEREK

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 4, 133–140

Research Article

VEHICLE DRIVING CYCLE OPTIMISATION ON THE HIGHWAY

Summary. This paper is devoted to the problem of reducing vehicle energy consumption. The authors consider the optimisation of highway driving cycle a way to use the kinetic energy of a car more effectively at various road conditions. The model of a vehicle driving control at the highway which consists of elementary cycles, such as accelerating, free rolling and deceleration under forces of external resistance, was designed. Braking, as an energy dissipation regime, was

Zinoviy STOTSKO, Myroslav OLISKEVYCH

Transport Problems , ISSUE 2, 123–131

Article

An Intelligent Fuzzy Controller for Air-Condition with Zigbee Sensors

In recent years, the research and development of energy-saving control in air-condition system has become a hot spot with the advance of science and technology. In this paper, we proposed a fuzzy control mechanism for air-condition system, which combines the fuzzy control and multi-point sensing technology. When people feel cooler or hotter indoor, the air condition should promptly detect the temperature variance and switch the temperate between hot and cool smoothly. Therein an intelligent

Tzu-Ming Wang, I-Ju Liao, Jen-Chi Liao, Tain-Wen Suen, Wei-Tsong Lee

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 636–652

Research Article

COMPRESSED AIR QUALITY INCREASE FOR ROLLING STOCK PNEUMATIC SYSTEMS BASED ON ENERGY EFFICIENCY

The energy efficiency increase problem for railway rolling stock pneumatic systems compressed air preparation is directly connected with its purification and drying technology choice. In the presented materials in the article, the authors find a solution to the problem based on realization analysis of different factors that affect compressed air quality, purification and drying technology choice, as well as based on energy efficiency analysis. To realize the energy-saving events at railway

Tatiana RIPOL-SARAGOSI, Leonid RIPOL-SARAGOSI, Igor SMYCHOK

Transport Problems , ISSUE 4, 13–21

Article

Nuclear Fusion Power – An Overview of History, Present and Future

complexity of the devices involved increased to the point where international co-operation was the only way forward. Fusion powers the Sun and stars as hydrogen atoms fuse together to form helium, and matter is converted into energy. Hydrogen, heated to very high temperatures changes from a gas to plasma in which the negatively-charged electrons are separated from the positively-charged atomic nuclei (ions). Normally, fusion is not possible because the strongly repulsive electrostatic forces between the

Stewart C. Prager

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 4, 1–10

Article

THE IMPLEMENTATION OF HIGH EFFICIENCY WIRELESS SENSOR IN ACOUSTIC OBJECT TRACKING

Energy control in Wireless Sensor Network is one of the most crucial technologies. Based on the acoustic object localization background, we designed a new structure of the sensor node to realize the energy efficiency in the power supply and artificial sleeping scheduling in this paper. The power control model is independent with data processing and control model and can separately realize the power supply for different part of the node. The node can transfer status according the different

ChengFang Zhen, Wenyi LIU, Hanming WEI

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 1997–2017

Article

IMPROVING METROLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF ELECTRIC TRACTION ENERGY METERS USING FUZZY CONTROLLERS

This paper presents the possibility of using a fuzzy controller to correct metrological properties of an electric traction energy meter. So far, no algorithms based on fuzzy logic to determine the desired conversion value of the current channel of the electricity meter have been applied. Currently, for the mentioned channel, conventional methods of gain determination are used, based on a sequential algorithm that controls operation of the programmable gain amplifier. The proposed corrector is

Bartosz DOMINIKOWSKI, Krzysztof PACHOLSKI, Jan ANUSZCZYK, Andrzej GOCEK

Transport Problems , ISSUE 1, 147–158

Article

WSN BASED THERMAL MODELING: A NEW INDOOR ENERGY EFFICIENT SOLUTION

In this paper, we proposed to use the Efficient Indoor Thermal Time Constant (EITTC) to characterize the indoor thermal response in old buildings. Accordingly, a low cost, energy-efficient, wide-applicable indoor thermal modeling solution is developed by combining Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) and Artificial Neural Network (ANN). Experiments on both prototype and building room showed consistent results that the combination of WSN and ANN can provide accurate indoor thermal models. A linear

Yi Zhao, Valentin Gies, Jean-Marc Ginoux

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 869–895

Article

A Study and Simulation on Thermal Cycling System of CFB Boiler

Energy is the main resource for our country to survive. However, in recent years, the excessive consumption of energy has made the environment worse and worse, and made the development of our country restricted. Technology of circulating fluid-bed boiler is the main way of general clean coal at present, and is a hot topic for each country in the world. However, the experimental process of the technology often spend a great cost, therefore is not suitable in practice. So simulation technology of

Yingtao Hou, Xiuhua Jiang

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 4, 202–206

Research paper

Impact of recurrent hypoglycemic stress on hindbrain A2 nerve cell energy metabolism and catecholamine biosynthesis: modulation by estradiol

It is unclear if habituation of hindbrain A2 metabolo-sensory neurons to recurrent insulin-induced hypoglycemia (RIIH) correlates with estradiol-dependent adjustments in energy metabolism that favor positive energy balance. Laser-microdissected A2 cells from estradiol- or oil-implanted ovariectomized female rats were analyzed by Western blot to assess effects of three prior daily insulin injections on basal and hypoglycemic patterns of catecholamine biosynthetic enzyme dopamine-beta-hydroxylase

Pratistha Tamrakar, Karen P. Briski

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 1, 31–44

Article

INCREASING REDUCTION OF CO2 EMISSION IN HYBRID VEHICLES

This article concerns the issue of reduction of CO2 emission in hybrid vehicles. External lighting through LED technology was applied to show additional CO2 savings in these vehicles. The authors propose for hybrid vehicles of M1 category: conditions of testing external lights, research equipment with measuring system and measuring method in order to determine energy savings obtained by application of external LED light. It enables to calculate saving of CO2 emission and estimate potential

Zbigniew ŁUKASIK, Jacek KOZYRA, Aldona KUŚMIŃSKA-FIJAŁKOWSKA

Transport Problems , ISSUE SE, 87–94

Article

ON-SITE THERMAL DIAGNOSTICS OF COOLING SOURCES FOR AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEMS IN OFFICE BUILDINGS

The main goal of the Task 4 “Development of thermal diagnostics of buildings” of Strategic Research Project “Integrated System for Reducing Energy Consumption in the Maintenance of Buildings” was to develop new tools for thermal diagnostics of different types of buildings, including development of the rapid method of a cooling sources diagnostics. The paper presents a method for assessing the cooling sources based on on-site measurements. The cooling capacity of the cooling sources and the

Maria HURNIK, Monika BLASZCZOK, Małgorzata KRÓL

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 2, 157–163

Research Article

Optimisation  of solar power intake for wireless sensor networks at temperate latitudes

In many outdoor locations solar power provides the greatest power densities for energy harvesting to power wireless sensor networks in comparison to other practical alternative such as wind, vibrations or temperature gradients. Since solar power is highly variable with location and time, it is necessary to optimise the sensor nodes for individual locations.  Presented here, is an assessment of the solar power availability in Manchester, UK (53°28′N, 2°14′W). Wireless

Ralph Stevenson-Jones, Med Benyezzar, Patricia Scully

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–5

research-article

A CONCEPT OF THE GASIFICATION PLANT FOR SELECTED ORGANIC WASTE

elastic application of the recovery order: Reduce, Reuse, Recycle, Recover [1, 2, 3]. The main assumption of the Directive [3] is establishing laws which would promote the idea of „recycling society” that tries to limit the production of waste and use them as raw materials and sources of energy. By applying the above rule, we gradually approach the circular economy. The circular economy is an idea of producing and consuming energy, products or services in such a way as to limit demand for fuels

Monika CZOP

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 3, 123–129

Research Article

SPECTRUM SENSING IN COGNITIVE RADIOS UNDER NOISE UNCERTAINTY: DECISION MAKING USING GAME THEORY

Energy detection is best suited for the detection of licensed users when prior knowledge about them is unavailable. However, the presence of noise uncertainty refrains the use of energy detection for spectrum sensing. In this paper, we propose a refined energy detection (RED) which used dual threshold in the presence of noise uncertainty, and combine the concepts from game theory to achieve further performance improvements. The secondary user payoff is defined based on the primary user activity

K. Muthumeenakshi, S. Radha

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 146–173

Article

MEASUREMENT AND CONTROL SYSTEM FOR THERMOSOLAR PLANT AND PERFORMANCE COMPARISON BETWEEN TRADITIONAL AND NANOFLUID SOLAR THERMAL COLLECTORS

Aim of this work is the design of a programmable electronic system for monitoring the environmental parameters and managing the electrical functions of a thermo-solar plant. The designed control unit detects data from temperature and light sensors, processes acquired information and commands external equipments (pumps, electric valves and power supplies) in order to optimize plant performances and maximize efficiency and energy savings. Recently several researches, in the field of solar thermal

P. Visconti, P. Primiceri, P. Costantini, G. Colangelo, G. Cavalera

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 1220–1242

Article

APTIVE IMAGE SEGMENTATION BASED ON SALIENCY DETECTION

in this article, we propose an adaptive image segmentation method based on saliency. First of all, we obtain the saliency map of an image via four bottom-layer feature tunnels, i.e. color, intensity, direction and energy. The energy tunnel helps to describe the outline of objects better in the saliency map. Then, we construct the target detection masks according to the greyness of pixels in the saliency map. Each mask is applied to the original image as the result of pre-segmentation, then

Shui Linlin

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 408–428

Research Article

Load-Balancing Enhancement by a Mobile Data Collector in Wireless Sensor Networks

 Decrease in the time interval between the first node death and the last node death, due to the completion of their energy supply, is the main goal of load-balancing methods in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN). This paper proposes a Load-Balancing Enhancement (LBE) method, in WSN. LBE method uses a mobile data collector to data gathering from sensor nodes. The mobile data collector can directly communicate with the base station. Indeed, the mobile data collector acts as an interface between

Ahmad Patooghy, Meisam Kamarei, Ali Farajzadeh, Fatemeh Tavakoli, Mehdi Saeidmanesh

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–5

Research paper

Energy-dense diet triggers changes in gut microbiota, reorganization of gut-brain vagal communication and increases body fat accumulation

Obesity is associated with consumption of energy-dense diets and development of systemic inflammation. Gut microbiota play a role in energy harvest and inflammation and can influence the change from lean to obese phenotypes. The nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) is a brain target for gastrointestinal signals modulating satiety and alterations in gut-brain vagal pathway may promote overeating and obesity. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that high-fat diet-induced changes in gut microbiota

Alexandra C. Vaughn, Erin M. Cooper, Patricia M. DiLorenzo, Levi J. O’Loughlin, Michael E. Konkel, James H. Peters, Andras Hajnal, Tanusree Sen, Sun Hye Lee, Claire B. de La Serre, Krzysztof Czaja

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 1, 18–30

Article

Gathering Correlated Data in Wireless Sensor Networks Using a Heuristic Algorithm

We propose a routing scheme for data gathering and aggregation in wireless sensor networks. The scheme aims to optimise an aggregation tree in order to minimise the energy dissipation of data aggregation and transmission. A modified particle swarm optimisation algorithm is developed in the proposed scheme. In addition, the routing scheme uses a generic data aggregation model which accommodates different correlation conditions. The performance of the proposed scheme is evaluated and compared

Yuexian Wang, Cheng Chew Lim

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 1, –

Research Article

Condition Monitoring and Diagnosis of Steam Traps with Wireless Smart Sensors

An autonomous, wireless and self-powered smart sensor is described, addressing the condition monitoring and diagnosis of steam traps, whose performance degradation impairs energy efficiency in most of the process industries. The diagnostic criteria in the two possible failure modes of steam traps are presented, as well as the structure and technologies of the embedded devices for sensing, communication, and power supply, special attention being paid to the capability to run the system on the

Joana R. C. Faria, Sónia M. V. Semedo, Francisco J. A. Cardoso, José Oliveira

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–6

Article

DECELERATION AND DEFORMATION DURING DYNAMIC LOADING OF MODEL CAR BODY PARTS AFTER POST-ACCIDENT REPAIR

Absorption of impact energy by the passive safety elements of the vehicle body is the basic feature to ensure conditions of safety for the driver and passengers in transport. The parts especially designed for this objective in the self-supporting car body are longitudinals. Their energy-absorbing features are designed in different ways. Evaluation of the degree to which the vehicle (body) ensures safety during a collision is difficult and expensive. Usually, tests under impact conditions are

Damian HADRYŚ, Andrzej KUBIK, Zbigniew STANIK

Transport Problems , ISSUE 3, 5–16

Research Article

Passenger accumulator fed railcars in regional railway traffic

powered railcar, which was built at University of Pardubice, and the energy research, that is realized with this railcar at railway line Mladějov na Moravě - Hřebeč.

Radovan DOLEČEK, Ondřej ČERNÝ, Ladislav MLYNAŘÍK, Petr SÝKORA

Transport Problems , ISSUE 2, 99–107

Article

ANALYSIS OF THE MULTI-CHANNEL THREEDIMENSIONAL PROBABILITY CSMA PROTOCOL WITH MONITORING FUNCTION FOR WSN

For the wireless sensor networks (WSNs), MAC layer protocol, relating to system throughput, involving functions of system, concerning the consumption of system energy efficiency, etc. other system indicators, is very important. With the development of WSN, involving vary businesses, the amount and style of data which the sensor nodes detecting is large and divertive. Based on three-dimensional probability CSMA protocol, the proposed protocol, multi-channel three-dimensional probability CSMA

Yifan Zhao

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 334–352

Research Article

A REVIEW OF ENERGY OPTIMAL TOPOLOGY CONTROL FOR LARGE WIRELESS NETWORK USING YAO-GRAPH AND ITS VARIANTS

common attribute for wireless communication is the energy required for faithful transmission of a message between two nodes. But the Omni directional antennas lead to interference and wastage of bandwidth and energy. The nodes of wireless communication are however neither always static nor equipped with any infrastructure. Rather the same might as well be ad-hoc and mobile. Another well used notion is that of the unit disk graph (UDG), where a node can communicate only if the other nodes are within

Anindya Nag, Rajarshi Roy

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 740–761

Research Article

DESIGN OF VIBRATION-BASED MINIATURE GENERATOR USING PIEZOELECTRIC BENDER

For the use of green energy and ubiquitous computing, this study investigates miniature electric generators that are constructed with piezoelectric benders. Electric power is generated by vibratory deformation of piezoelectric benders. Three different designs of piezoelectric generators are created and compared in this study by using mechanics analysis. The result shows that the cantilever design yields more power than symmetric and airfoil designs. Experimental results show that generated

Wei Li, Tzong-Shi Liu, Heng-I Lin, Yi-Jeng Tsai

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 550–572

Article

COMPREHENSIVE ON SITE THERMAL DIAGNOSTICS OF BUILDINGS - POLISH PRACTICAL EXPERIENCE

The Polish National Centre for Research and Development has been coordinating the implementation of a strategic research project “Integrated System for Reducing Energy Consumption in the Maintenance of Buildings”. The main goal of the project is to support Poland's efforts to reduce energy consumption in buildings, which is a strategic goal of the European Union. Within the scope of the aforementioned project, Task 4, “Development of thermal diagnostics of buildings”, was realized. Silesian

Zbigniew POPIOLEK, Przemysław KATEUSZ

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 2, 125–132

Article

LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF FUEL CELLS ELECTRIC VEHICLES

technologies of hydrogen (H2), is carried out. Life cycle assessment (LCA) method is used. A comparison, concerning fuel consumption and emissions as CO2 equivalent for the whole life cycle, is done for FCEV and conventional gasoline vehicle (GV). The influence of the energy mix and technology of production of hydrogen on spent energy and air pollution is analyzed. As the results show, in countries with CO2 emissions over 447 g per 1 kWh electricity, the technology of hydrogen production from natural gas

Ivan EVTIMOV, Rosen IVANOV, Hristo STANCHEV, Georgi KADIKYANOV, Gergana STANEVA

Transport Problems , ISSUE 3, 153–166

Research Article

Quantitative Evaluation of an FPGA based Wireless Vibration Monitoring System in relation to Different Sampling Rates

intensive application is realized on an FPGA based architecture so as to determine the sampling rates for which it achieves the highest performance and consumes the least amount of energy as compared to that of a micro-controller based architecture. Based on the measured performance and energy consumption for a computationally intensive application, tri-axes/threechannel vibration based condition monitoring, the results suggest that the FPGA based architecture is the most appropriate solution for

Khurram Shahzad, Bengt Oelmann

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–7

Research Article

SPECIFIC ABSORPTION RATE ASSESSMENT ON HUMAN HEAD DUE TO RADIATIONS BY MOBILE PHONE ANTENNA

Development of mobile phone communication infrastructure in the world has promoted which lead public concern over possible health effect exposure to radio frequency electromagnetic energy (RFEME) emanating from mobile phone antenna. The Micro-strip patch antenna plays an important role in electromagnetic energy transmitting and receiving phenomena in mobile phone. This paper makes an effort to assess the mobile radiation exposure effect on 4 years child, 8years child and an adult head model

M. Anto Bennet, J. Surekha Poomathi, C. Kalpana, S. Sariga Priya

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 374–394

Article

IMAGE FUSION BASED ON JOINT NONSUBSAMPLED CONTOURLET AND OVERCOMPLETE BRUSHLET TRANSFORMS

This paper proposed an image fusion method based on a novel scheme with joint nonsubsampled contourlet and overcomplete brushlet transform. And an improved region energy operator is employed as the fusion strategy, which can take full advantage of the anisotropic texture information and multidimensional singular information in the new multiresolution domain. Experimental results shows that the proposed method improved the fusion results not only in visual effects but also in objective

Zhang Pai

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 2186–2203

Article

DEVELOPMENT AND CHARACTERIZATION OF A SOLARBASED ENERGY HARVESTING AND POWER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR A WSN NODE APPLIED TO OPTIMIZED GOODS TRANSPORT AND STORAGE

This paper describes a harvesting and power management system that can be equipped with a Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) node in order to harvest energy presents in the environment to be used for sensor node power supply. The proposed scope is to develop a harvesting board exploiting available integrated circuits and devices for extending battery life-cycle of sensor node developed by Medinok SPA. The aim is to realize a WSN able to perform a monitoring of principal physical parameters deemed of

P. Visconti, R. Ferri, M. Pucciarelli, E. Venere

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 1637–1667

Article

COOLING DEMAND IN MUSEUM PREMISES – NUMERICAL PREDICTION AND MEASUREMENT VALIDATION

The paper presents the results of identification and assessment of the energy demand for cooling purposes in the museum building. The analysis of cooling demand and assessment of indoor air quality were performed by the simulation analysis and validated by the measurement campaign of the indoor air quality in the building under consideration. For the purpose of thermal analysis the IDA ICE software was used. All simulations were carried out using meteorological data recorded by the local

Joanna FERDYN-GRYGIEREK, Andrzej BARANOWSKI

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 2, 125–135

Research Article

THE USE OF OPTICAL SENSORS TO ESTIMATE PASTURE QUALITY

Optical remote sensing tools are being used in a number of agricultural applications by recording an object's transmission of electromagnetic energy from reflecting and radiating surfaces. This unique spectral information is used to characterize the features of green vegetation. With the development of proximal sensing tools, vegetation or crop health can be determined and monitored in real-time. This information provides an opportunity for precise management of input resources to optimise

R.R. Pullanagari, I. Yule, W. King, D. Dalley, R. Dynes

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 125–137

Research Article

I-PD CONTROL DESIGN AND ANALYSIS IN AN ISLANDED MICROGRID SYSTEM

voltage in a microgrid. In the simulation using MATLAB, a distributed energy resource unit applying voltage-source converter in order to have three-phase voltage from a DC-source is taken into account. Using system identification to simplify the controller design generates a linear model of the system. The compensated system shows a very good reference tracking capability during set point and load changes. It also reduces the coupling effect due to active and reactive power.

S. D. Panjaitan, R. Kurnianto, B.W. Sanjaya, M. C. Turner

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 935–954

research-article

SELECTED ASPECTS OF THE USE OF GASEOUS FUELS BLENDS TO IMPROVE EFFICIENCY AND EMISSION OF SI ENGINE

1. INTRODUCTION Greenhouse gas emissions from transport constitute around 22% of the total CO2 emissions of globally processed energy. However, this emission plays an important role primarily due to the rapid increase in traffic and almost total dependence of transport on fossil fuels. In addition, transport is the fastest growing sector of the economy among all emission sources. According to the latest ITF data, CO2 emissions from passenger transport in the world will increase from 30% to 110

Grzegorz KUBICA, Marek FLEKIEWICZ, Paweł MARZEC

Transport Problems , ISSUE 1, 95–103

Research Article

PASSIVE SAFETY OF HIGH-SPEED PASSENGER TRAINS AT ACCIDENT COLLISIONS ON 1520 MM GAUGE RAILWAYS

Summary. The fundamental principles of the passive protection concept of high-speed passenger trains at accident collisions on 1520 mm gauge railways have been developed. The scientific methodology and mathematical models for the analysis of plastic deformation of cab frame elements and energy-absorbing devices (EAD) at an impact have been developed. The cab frame and EAD for a new-generation locomotive have been designed. The EAD prototype crash test has been carried out.

Maryna SOBOLEVSKA, Igor TELYCHKO

Transport Problems , ISSUE 1, 51–62

Article

BIM-technologies for Buildings Operation Experiment in MGSU

This article describes the approach of experts of the National Research Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) to the construction of modern operating systems in buildings using BIM-technology. This article was performed within the Russian State tasks MGSU project “Methodology of ideas, design and verification of energy-efficient engineering systems conventionally abstract objects (on formal models of buildings)”.

Andrey Volkov, Pavel Chelyshkov

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 1, 25–28

Research paper

PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS FOR DCT-BASED CODED IMAGE COMMUNICATION IN WIRELESS MULTIMEDIA SENSOR NETWORKS

The objective of this paper is to study the image communication behavior of a wireless video sensor, and analyze its performance under resource constrained wireless multimedia sensor networks. Energy consumption and rate distortion model of DCT-based coded image compression and transmission is developed. Based on energy consumption and rate distortion model proposed, resource allocation is optimized with limited energy and bandwidth. Number of DCT coefficient and step size of quantization table

Xiong Zheyuan, Fan Xiaping, Liu Shaoqiang, Li Yongzhou, Zhang Huan

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 120–135

research-article

Spectral filtering of photovoltaic cells using novel bio-filter: silver-coated Ixora extract using water as a solution

The role energy plays are vital in any country’s economy, playing a vital role in its advancement and development and alleviating poverty, under-employment, and security. Uninterrupted supply of energy is a crucial problem today for many countries. Future economic growth is crucial as it depends on energy sources that are affordable, accessible, and environmentally friendly. There is a close link between climate change, the standard of living, state of the public health sector and security of

Moses E. Emetere, Adeyemo Nehemiah

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 1–7

Research Article

CLUSTER HEAD ELECTION MECHANISM-BASED ON FUZZY LOGIC (CHEF) WITH TDMA IN WSN

Wireless sensor networks (WSN) are being used for huge range of applications where the traditional infrastructure based network is mostly infeasible. The most challenging aspect of WSN is that they are energy resource-constrained and that energy cannot be replenish. the wireless sensor network of power limited sensing devices called sensor deployed in a region to sense various types physical information from the environment, when these sensors sense and transmit data to other sensors present in

G Vijayalakshmi, M.Anto Bennet, P. Shenbagavalli, M. Vijayalakshmi, S. Saranya

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 395–413

Research Article

INVESTIGATION ON VELVET HAND ILLUSION USING PSYCHOPHYSICS AND FEM ANALYSIS

to obtain human mental models; the other is a finite element method (FEM) to evaluate the tactile stimulus that causes VHI. Based on psychophysical experiments using Thurstone's Paired Comparison, VHI strength depends on the distance between two adjacent wires, and VHI caused by wide spacing of wires is considerably stronger than that caused by narrow spacing. In FEM analysis, a mesh model of fingertips is produced to mimic an actual finger to evaluate the strain energy density (SED) because one

M. Ohka, Y. Kawabe, A. Chami, R. Nader, H. B. Yussof, T. Miyaoka

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 488–503

Research Article

ANDROID BASED HOME AUTOMATION AND ENERGY CONSERVATION

M.Anto Bennet, B Thamilvalluvan, C.A. Hema Priya, B. Bhavani, M. Shalini

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 69–86

Article

ON-SITE THERMAL DIAGNOSTICS OF HEATING AND DHW INSTALLATIONS

  The requirements for the inspection of heating systems have been introduced in the Energy Performance Act. Thermal diagnostics of the system is an evaluation of the technical conditions of the heating and hot water installations, due to their energy efficiency and reliability of obtaining the required internal temperature in the building and delivery of the right amount of domestic hot water at the proper temperature. Data obtained from the diagnostics are useful for proper energy-efficient

Aleksandra SPECJAŁ, Halina CIUMAN

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 2, 165–173

Research Article

PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF EFFICIENT AND RELIABLE ROUTING PROTOCOL ALGORITHM

Fixed-power wireless sensor networks are prevalent and cost-effective. However, they face mote failures, RF interference from environmental noise and energy constraints. Routing protocols for such networks must overcome these problems to achieve reliability, energy efficiency and scalability in message delivery. Achievement of these requirements, however, poses conflicting demands. In this work, we propose an efficient and reliable routing protocol (EAR) that achieves reliable and scalable

B. Sathyasri, Dr.E. N.Ganesh, Dr. P. Senthil Kumar, S. Rathna, R. Jaishree Bai, G. Nalini

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 358–373

Article

OPTIMAL CLUSTER HEAD NUMBER BASED ON ENTROY FOR DATA AGGREGATION IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

In-network data aggregation plays an important role on energy consumption from the point of reducing the amount of communication in cluster-based wireless sensor networks. The selection of cluster heads is usually based on two criteria which are the number of cluster heads network needed and the times of every node serving as the cluster head. Too much or too little cluster head number will shorten the network lifetime for the energy premature depletion of some sensor nodes, so it has a great

Mingxin Yang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 1935–1955

Article

SEFP: A NEW ROUTING APPROACH USING FUZZY LOGIC FOR CLUSTERED HETEROGENEOUS WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are composed of set sensor nodes communicating through wireless channels with limited resources. Therefore, several routing protocols and approaches about energy efficient operation of WSNs have been proposed. Clustering algorithm based routing protocols are well used for efficient management of sensing sensor node energy resources. However, many researches were focused on optimization of well-known hierarchical routing approaches of WSNs using fuzzy logic system

hassan EL ALAMI, Abdellah NAJID

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 2286–2306

Article

EVALUATION OF HYBRID TRUST MODELS USING ANT COLONY OPTIMIZATION IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are prone to various kinds of threats and are subjected to several constraints like energy, communication overhead and lifetime. Application of bio-inspired algorithms based trust models has shown significant improvement in the security mechanism of the wireless sensor networks. This paper presents a brief survey on application of Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) and significance of trust models in WSNs. ACO application in routing, increase in lifetime, energy

G. Edwin Prem Kumar, K. Baskaran, R. Elijah Blessing, M. Lydia

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 1243–1260

Article

RESEARCH ON LQR ZONE CONTROL ALGORITHM FOR PICKING ROBOT ARM

This paper aims at improve the poor stability and the fluttering problems on picking apples for picking robot arm, we establish the dynamics model of Picking Robot Arm using Lagrange equation and divide the whole movement space of Picking Robot Arm into stretch area and picking area by analyzing the dynamic model. Making full using of the model, we put forward to the strategy based on the extension energy control and LQR Zone control. Furthermore, we solve the problem on ensuring the picking

Zhang Zhiyong, Huang Lvwen, Xu Yang, Zhang Xiaoting

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 1174–1200

Research Article

OUTLIER DETECTION BASED ON SIMILAR FLOCKING MODEL IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

Outlier detection plays a crucial role in secure monitoring in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN). Moreover, outlier detection techniques in WSN face the problem of limited resources of transmission bandwidth, energy consumption and storage capacity. In this paper, similar flocking model is proposed and a cluster algorithm based on similar flocking model (CASFM) is put forward to detect outliers in real-time stream data collected by sensor nodes. The similar flocking model improves the Vicsek model

Cheng Chunling, Wu Hao, Yu Zhihu, Zhang Dengyin, Xu Xiaolong

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 18–37

Article

SENSOR PERFORMANCE OF CANTILEVERED MAGNETOSTRICTIVE BEAM

A nonlinear couple modeling of magnetostrictive cantilever is built by combining Gibb’s free energy formulation with the Euler-Bernoulli beam theory. The Gibb’s free energy corresponding to different orientations in 3D space can be expressed in terms of their direction cosines, the stress at a given point can be described by classical theory. The magnetomechanical bending experimental setup is designed. The results demonstrated magnetostrictive sensing can be performed in bending even when both

Cao Qinghua, Chen Dingfang, Lu Quanguo, Tang gang, Yan Jianwu, Zhu Zhifang, Xu Bin, Zhao Ran, Zhang Xiaoxing

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 1221–1238

Article

STUDY ON IMAGE COMPRESSION AND FUSION BASED ON THE WAVELET TRANSFORM TECHNOLOGY

characteristics. Registration algorithm is proposed in this paper has better robustness to image noise, and can achieve sub-pixel accuracy; the registration time has also been greatly improved. In terms of image fusion, the images to be fused through wavelet transform of different resolution sub image, using a new image fusion method based on energy and correlation coefficient. The high frequency image decomposed using new energy pixels of the window to window energy contribution rate of fusion rules, the low

Zhang Ning, Zhu Jinfu

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 480–496

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OPPOSITION-BASED LEARNING PARTICLE SWARM OPTIMIZATION OF RUNNING GAIT FOR HUMANOID ROBOT

This paper investigates the problem of running gait optimization for humanoid robot. In order to reduce energy consumption and guarantee the dynamic balance including both horizontal and vertical stability, a novel running gait generation based on opposition-based learning particle swarm optimization (PSO) is proposed which aims at high energy efficiency with better stability. In the proposed scheme of running gait generation, a population initiation policy based on domain knowledge is employed

Liang Yang, Song Xijia, Chunjian Deng

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 1162–1179

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CONTROLLING OF TRAIN’S INTERIOR HEATING SYSTEM FOR MAXIMUM ENERGY EFFICIENCY

Dāvis BUŠS, Jānis EIDUKS

Transport Problems , ISSUE 3, 121–134

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MAIN TRENDS OF BIOFUELS PRODUCTION IN UKRAINE

The analysis of biological resources for biofuels production in Ukraine has been carried out, and it has been shown that usage of alternative energy sources has great potential for substantially improving energy supply of the state and solving environmental problems. The directions of development and new technologies of obtaining motor fuels from biomass are systematized. It has been established that usage of different types of biofuels and their mixtures for feeding internal combustion engines

Myroslav PANCHUK, Sviatoslav KRYSHTOPA, Liubomyr SHLAPAK, Liudmyla KRYSHTOPA, Andrii PANCHUK, Volodymyr YAROVYI, Aleksander SŁADKOWSKI

Transport Problems , ISSUE 4, 15–26

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