temperatures. The cooperation between individual layers also has an impact on energy efficiency and on the microclimate of a given building. This paper will present different ways of energy activation in external walls with a special focus on the photovoltaic panels/modules (PV), the transparent insulation (TIM) and phase change materials (PCM). New materials can be included in the partition structure in different configurations such as a single or a bi-material component for improving thermal effects.
Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 1, 5–10
optimization was performed for four different types of glazing. Glazing systems were prepared with the use of Window 7.4 software .
Windows area (glazing + frame) defined by the sixteen discrete values of windows size. Depending on the size of the window the frame surface is automatically calculated for each window.
External walls, ground floor and ceiling to the unheated attic defined by the thickness of polystyrene and mineral wool. Six options for all kinds of partition are considered.
Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 2, 81–90
architectural facades, typical insulation methods (the ETICS system) will not apply. Thus, the solution is to insulate external walls on the inside surface. This, however, causes moisture content difficulties, which means that steam diffusing through partition undergoes the process of condensation.
The authors suggest their own solutions to the problem of insulating diverse external partitions and base them on the research conducted in situ. They use The School of Music in Gliwice as an example. The
Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 4, 123–134