Search

  • Select Article Type
  • Abstract Supplements
  • Blood Group Review
  • Call to Arms
  • Hypothesis
  • In Memoriam
  • Interview
  • Introduction
  • Short Report
  • abstract
  • Abstracts
  • Article
  • book-review
  • case-report
  • case-study
  • Clinical Practice
  • Commentary
  • Conference Presentation
  • conference-report
  • congress-report
  • Correction
  • Editorial
  • Editorial Comment
  • Erratum
  • Events
  • Letter
  • Letter to Editor
  • mini-review
  • minireview
  • News
  • non-scientific
  • Obituary
  • original-paper
  • Original Research
  • Pictorial Review
  • Position Paper
  • Practice Report
  • Preface
  • Preliminary report
  • Product Review
  • rapid-communication
  • Report
  • research-article
  • Research Communicate
  • research-paper
  • Research Report
  • Review
  • review -article
  • review-article
  • Review Paper
  • Sampling Methods
  • Scientific Commentary
  • short-communication
  • short-report
  • Student Essay
  • Varia
  • Welome
  • Select Journal
  • In Jour Smart Sensing And Intelligent Systems
  • Polish Journal Of Microbiology
  • International Journal Advanced Network Monitoring Controls
  • Architecture Civil Engineering Environment
  • Transport Problems

 

Article

SETTLEMENTS OF INDIVIDUAL HEATING COSTS IN MULTIFAMILY BUILDINGS - POLISH EXPERIENCE

European Directive on energy efficiency requires the settlement of energy consumers according to the actual consumption. The use of properly operating and socially acceptable settlement systems of individual heating costs contributes to energy savings in the residential sector. The paper presents the national legal requirements in this field and the possibility of using different settlement systems of heating costs. The main causes of irregularities in settlements of individual heating costs

Aleksandra SPECJAŁ, Halina CIUMAN

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 3, 143–151

Article

CONTROLLING OF TRAIN’S INTERIOR HEATING SYSTEM FOR MAXIMUM ENERGY EFFICIENCY

Heating systems in diesel multiple unit (DMU) trains often use additional mechanical and/or electrical auxiliary power, increasing fuel consumption, while waste heat is available from the diesel engine. Delivery of waste heat for heating of multiple carriages is analysed as realized in DR1 and D1 series trains, in light of the current standards of passenger comfort and in-depth testing of DR1B trains. A new hybrid hot air and electrical heating system and its control algorithm is reviewed for

Dāvis BUŠS, Jānis EIDUKS

Transport Problems , ISSUE 3, 121–134

Article

Prediction of the Heat Load in Central Heating Systems Using GA-BP Algorithm

This paper presented the research on heat load prediction method of central heating system. The combined simulation data at Xi'an in January was used as the samples for training and predicting. This paper selected the daily average outdoor wind speed, the daily average outdoor temperature, date type, sunshine duration as input variables and the heating load value as output variable. After preprocessing of the historical data, the BP neural network algorithm and the GA-BP algorithm were

Bingqing Guo, Jin Xu, Ling Cheng, Lei Chen

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 4, 137–141

Article

DEVELOPMENT OF THE RAILWAY POINT ELECTRIC HEATING INTELLECTUAL CONTROL ALGORITHM

The article reviews and describes the problems of the railway point heating conventional control system considering its structure, simple design, disadvantages and nonconformity. As a solution to the described problem, an innovative and advanced point heating control algorithm is proposed based on Mathlab’s Fuzzy Logic Designer module, which will allow control of heating more effectively and intellectually. The tasks for the advanced and intellectual point heating control system were set

Ruslans MUHITOVS, Mareks MEZITIS, Ilja KORAGO

Transport Problems , ISSUE 1, 71–80

Article

ON-SITE THERMAL DIAGNOSTICS OF HEATING AND DHW INSTALLATIONS

  The requirements for the inspection of heating systems have been introduced in the Energy Performance Act. Thermal diagnostics of the system is an evaluation of the technical conditions of the heating and hot water installations, due to their energy efficiency and reliability of obtaining the required internal temperature in the building and delivery of the right amount of domestic hot water at the proper temperature. Data obtained from the diagnostics are useful for proper energy-efficient

Aleksandra SPECJAŁ, Halina CIUMAN

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 2, 165–173

Research Article

Investigation on features and tendencies of axle-box heating

according to the higher than permissible temperature of the axle-box body. The article provides statistical data of dangerously heated axle-boxes, determined train delay durations, the number of delayed trains by danger level, and dependence of damage on the season. After systematization of data on axle-box damage and heating temperatures of broken axle-boxes, heating tendencies of axle-boxes of freight wagons are described. Finally, basic conclusions are given.

Olegas LUNYS, Stasys DAILYDKA, Gintautas BUREIKA

Transport Problems , ISSUE 1, 105–114

research-article

ANALYSIS OF HEAT DEMAND AND THERMAL COMFORT IN NATURALLY VENTILATED SINGLE-FAMILY HOUSES OF VARIOUS CONSTRUCTIONS

strived to reduce energy consumption for heating and cooling of buildings, which has a beneficial effect on reducing the operating costs of the building as well as the external environment. Measures to reduce energy consumption must not negatively affect the thermal comfort of residents. The main goal of the EU is to increase the energy efficiency of buildings with the lowest possible costs; however, this must not be at the expense of deteriorating indoor environmental conditions [1]. Such studies are

Joanna FERDYN-GRYGIEREK, Krzysztof GRYGIEREK, Anna GUMIŃSKA, Łukasz BARAN, Magdalena BARWA, Kamila CZERW, Paulina GOWIK, Klaudia MAKSELAN, Klaudia POTYKA, Agnes PSIKUTA

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 3, 53–71

Article

MODELING AND CONTROLLER DESIGN FOR THE VVS-400 PILOT SCALE HEATING AND VENTILATION SYSTEM

In this paper, a heating and ventilation model VVS-400 from Instrutek, Larvik, Norway is modeled using ARX model structure and linear black-box technique. The conventional PID controller and artificial Fuzzy controller are designed based on the approximated plant model and real plant model. The approximated plant model is estimated using System Identification approach while the real plant model is developed by interfacing the Real-time Windows Target toolbox in Matlab with real VVS-plant by

M.F. Rahmat, N.A. Mohd Subha, Kashif M.Ishaq, N. Abdul Wahab

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 579–601

Article

COMPREHENSIVE ON SITE THERMAL DIAGNOSTICS OF BUILDINGS - POLISH PRACTICAL EXPERIENCE

University of Technology in Gliwice was a leader of the scientific-industrial consortium implementing the task. The main objectives of Task 4 and achieved relevant results are presented in the paper. A new method for the rapid on-site thermal diagnosis of a building envelope and systems of heating, ventilation, air conditioning and domestic hot water preparation and the diagnosis of indoor environment quality, as well as a method for drawing up energy performance certificates based on the measurements

Zbigniew POPIOLEK, Przemysław KATEUSZ

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 2, 125–132

Article

CONTRIBUTION TO THE SHORT MEASUREMENT METHOD FOR DETERMINING THE THERMAL CHARACTERISTICS OF EXISTING BUILDINGS: TOTAL HEAT TRANSMISSION COEFFICIENT ESTIMATION BASED ON DOUBLE MEASUREMENT

effect of resistance and heat capacity of the elements of the building envelope. The obtained results were verified by comparing the average monthly heat demand for heating calculated based on the determined total heat transmission coefficient and measured value. The presented way of total heat transmission coefficient determination in the event of a careful choice of measurement days and the experience of the user in estimating the number of air changes (especially in natural ventilated buildings

Henryk FOIT, Agata ŚWIERC, Wojciech FOIT

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 1, 103–115

Article

A Study on the Sinter Brazing Joint of Powder Metal Components

within the preheat zone. Although, some surface contaminants can negatively influence wetting and hinder braze from flowing through a gap. The excessive oxidizing atmosphere can cause inefficiency in reducing the brazing material; a greenish tint on the surface indicates excessive oxidation[1]. Also, furnace temperature should be adjusted for different loads. Furthermore, maintaining consistent temperature is essential to regulate desired brazing metal flow. Slow heating rates can segregate braze

Pujan Tripathi, George Yang

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 4, 64–67

Article

ON-SITE DIAGNOSTICS OF THE MECHANICAL VENTILATION IN OFFICE BUILDINGS

The methodology for inspecting the ventilation system and on-site measurements for office buildings has been proposed under the project “Development of thermal diagnostics of buildings”. The inspections of the ventilation system in two office buildings were conducted. The design documentations were compared with the existing state of the installations. The measurements of the air flow volume, of the temperature of ventilation air and of the volume flow of the heating medium and its temperature

Monika BŁASZCZOK, Małgorzata KRÓL, Maria HURNIK

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 2, 145–156

Article

Design Heat Exchanger: Optimization and Efficiency

Haifa El-Sadi, Joe Aitken, Jason Ganley, David Ruyffelaert, Cam Sweeney

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 3, 30–35

Article

MODELING OF ENERGY CROPS GASIFICATION BASED ON EXPERIMENTAL DATA

analyzed gasifier. The relative differences of the lower heating values from the model and experiment did not exceed 1%.

Anna SKOREK-OSIKOWSKA, Wojciech UCHMAN, Sebastian WERLE

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 3, 135–141

Research Article

COMPREHENSIVE ENERGY DIAGNOSTICS CARRIED OUT IN A RESIDENTIAL BUILDING – A CASE STUDY

Abstract The article presents the case study of the comprehensive diagnosis of an existing residential building with natural ventilation. The results of quick diagnostics of thermal insulation of the building, the heating system, ventilation, domestic hot water preparation and the quality of the environment in the rooms were presented. Based on the data obtained by measurements, the energy performance of the building was prepared using the building certification calculation method. The energy

Dorota BARTOSZ

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 4, 137–150

Research Article

POSSIBILITIES OF USING POST-CONSUMER WOOD WASTE AS A FUEL IN A CEMENT PLANT

Abstract The energetic use of wood waste in cement plants, as well as in the commercial power industry and district heating can bring measurable economic and environmental benefits. The article presents an analysis of the possibility of using selected postconsumer wood waste as an alternative fuel. For this purpose, a series of tests were carried out to determine the physicochemical properties of the waste. The tests confirm the usefulness of post-consumer wood waste in cement plants as a

Małgorzata KAJDA-SZCZEŚNIAK, Tomasz J. JAWORSKI, Agata WAJDA

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 4, 161–167

Original Paper

Fluctuation enhanced gas sensing using UV irradiated Au-nanoparticle-decorated WO3-nanowire films

WO3 nanowires (WO3-NWs) decorated with gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) were utilized in resistive gas sensor devices to detect ethanol by use of fluctuation enhanced sensing (FES).  The experimental system records both DC resistance and fluctuations of the sensing film. Our data verify that the sensitivity and selectivity of the gas sensor are improved by applying FES when the sensor is stimulated with a combination of UV light and heating. We conclude that UV light can produce improved gas

Maciej Trawka, Janusz Smulko, Lech Hasse, Radu Ionescu, Fatima E. Annanouch, Eduard Llobet, Claes G. Granqvist, Laszlo B. Kish

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–5

Research Article

MEASURING DYNAMICS OF SCATTERING CENTERS IN THE OCULAR FUNDUS

ability of the system to detect motion of the scattering sites in the ocular fundus layers during variations of the ocular pressure and laser heating.

Luigi Rovati, Stefano Cattini, Francesco Viola, Giovanni Staurenghi

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 799–811

Article

INDOOR ENVIRONMENT QUALITY EVALUATION IN DWELLINGS: A POLISH CASE STUDY

The indoor environment determines the occupants’ comfort and significantly affects the energy consumed for heating and ventilating the building premises. Therefore, the proper complex thermal diagnostics of existing buildings requires a fair assessment of indoor environment conditions. The method for measuring and assessing the quality of the thermal environment and the quality of the indoor air is demonstrated through the example of two single-family houses and one apartment in a multi-family

Jan KACZMARCZYK, Aleksandra LIPCZYŃSKA, Przemysław KATEUSZ

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 4, 163–171

Article

TEMPERATURE IN THE ADHESIVE LAYER OF EXTERNALLY BONDED COMPOSITE REINFORCEMENT HEATED BY THE SUN

Rafał Krzywoń

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 1, 79–84

Article

EVALUATION OF THE INFLUENCE OF THE PERCENTAGE OF COPPER CONTENT ON THE PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF THE FRICTION MATERIAL

, and pin-on-disc method. This allowed to determine selected physico-chemical material properties of samples, which were then used for simulation studies. They were intended to check how the heating process of friction materials with a chemical composition such as made samples will proceed in real conditions, in real brake pads.

Andrzej BORAWSKI, Wojciech TARASIUK, Eliza BORAWSKA, Bożena SZCZUCKA-LASOTA, Michał KRZYSZTOFORSKI

Transport Problems , ISSUE 4, Part 1, 29–38

Article

WSN BASED THERMAL MODELING: A NEW INDOOR ENERGY EFFICIENT SOLUTION

approximation of these models makes it possible to estimate the EITTC of building room. Statistical computations confirmed these estimations by showing a strong correlation between the model's predicted EITTC and measured data. Thus the indoor thermal response under different indoor/outdoor conditions can be characterized. Finally, a model based adaptive heating Start/Shut control method is proposed and tested, with which, direct energy saving is achieved.

Yi Zhao, Valentin Gies, Jean-Marc Ginoux

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 869–895

Article

CONTINUOUS TIME IDENTIFICATION AND DECENTRALIZED PID CONTROLLER OF AN AEROTHERMIC PROCESS

proposed method, the PID controller with and without decoupling is implemented on an aerothermic process. It is a pilot scale heating and ventilation system equipped with a heater grid and a centrifugal blower, fully connected through the Humusoft MF624 data acquisition system for real time control. The outcome of the experimental results is that the main control objectives, such as set-point tracking and interactions rejection are well achieved. The experimental results have shown that the proposed

M. Ramzi, H. Youlal, M. Haloua

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 487–503

Article

DECENTRALIZED PI-D CONTROLLER APPLIED TO AN AEROTHERMIC PROCESS

The aerothermic process is a pilot scale heating and ventilation system. It is equipped with a heater grid and a centrifugal blower, fully connected through the Humusoft MF624 data acquisition system for real time control. The interaction between its main variables is considered as challenging for mono-variable controllers. An abrupt change in the ventilator speed might cause an undesirable disturbance in the air temperature representing a factor that must be managed to conserve energy. To

M. Ramzi, N. Bennis, M. Haloua, H. Youlal

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 1003–1018

Article

CENTRALIZED DISCRETE STATE SPACE MODEL PREDICTIVE CONTROL AND DECENTRALIZED PI-D CONTROLLER OF AN AEROTHERMIC PROCESS

The aerothermic process is a pilot scale heating and ventilation system equipped with a heater grid and a centrifugal blower. The interaction between its main variables is considered as challenging for mono-variable controllers. A change in the ventilator speed affects the temperature behavior which represents a factor that must be managed for energy saving and the human welfare. This paper presents an experimental comparison between a Centralized Discrete State Space Model Predictive Control

M. Ramzi, H. Youlal

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 1830–1849

Original Paper

Partial Characterization of Bacteriocin Produced by Halotolerant Pediococcus acidilactici Strain QC38 Isolated from Traditional Cotija Cheese

), Staphylococcus aureus, Vibrio vulnificus, Vibrio cholerae O1 Ogawa, Vibrio cholerae NO 01 and Salmonella enterica subsp. Enterica serovar Typhimurium. Bacteriocin-like substance,after heating at 121°C for 15 min it remained stable and its antimicrobial activity was observed at pH ranging from 1.0 to 10.0 butinactivated by α-chymotrypsin and proteinase K. Strain QC38 was able to grow in 1–9% NaCl concentration. The plate overlay assayshowed an approximate size of bacteriocin-like substance

Aurea I. Morales-Estrada, Ahidé López-Merino, Nestor Gutierrez-Mendez, Enrico A. Ruiz, Araceli Contreras-Rodríguez

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 279–285

Article

THE ANALYSIS OF THE DIRECT FOUNDATION WITH ENERGY FOUNDATIONS ON THE BASIS OF THE OFFICE BUILDING “A4 BUSINESS PARK” IN KATOWICE AT FRANCUSKA STREET

building. Moreover, approximate heating pow

Małgorzata JASTRZĘBSKA, Barbara WAWRZYŃCZYK

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 2, 65–76

Article

OPTIMIZATION OF WINDOW SIZE DESIGN FOR DETACHED HOUSE USING TRNSYS SIMULATIONS AND GENETIC ALGORITHM

Heat gains from the sun affect the heat balance of building by reducing the energy demand at certain periods of the year and increasing it at others. Windows, especially the type of glazing, are a determining factor in the successful use of solar gains. The aim of the research presented in the paper is to analyse the effects of the type and size of windows on annual heating and cooling energy consumption considering the energy costs in Polish climate conditions. Additionally the influence of

Joanna FERDYN-GRYGIEREK, Krzysztof GRYGIEREK

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 4, 133–140

research-article

THERMAL IMPROVEMENT IN RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS IN VIEW OF THE INDOOR AIR QUALITY – CASE STUDY FOR POLISH DWELLING

outdoor parts (both walls and a roof), Window replacement, Central heating improvement. Window replacement, being one of the major aspects in thermal refurbishment, frequently results in the deterioration of indoor environment conditions. Modern windows with a low heat transfer coefficient are airtight and lead to insufficient air exchange in buildings [5] as well as the rise in relative humidity and CO2 concentration. The air quality in rooms depends on the air parameters, including air temperature

Monika BLASZCZOK, Andrzej BARANOWSKI

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 3, 121–130

research-article

MODELLING OF THE AIRFLOW IN THE PASSENGER COACH

– heat transfer coefficient, wm2·K RH – relative humidity, % w – velocity, m/s wmax – maximum velocity, m/s wmin – minimal velocity, m/s 1. INTRODUCTION Every day people spend a lot of time in public transport, for example buses, trams, trains or subways. To make their journey comfortable, appropriate thermal conditions must be provided by HVAC (Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning) systems. Thermal comfort is achieved when passengers perceive the air temperature, humidity, air movement, and

Izabela SARNA, Agnieszka PALMOWSKA

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 4, 125–133

research-article

SELECTED ANALYSIS OF ENERGY-SAVING KINDERGARTEN IN ZŁOTY POTOK – COMMUNE OF JANOW, ALONG WITH ITS USAGE EVALUATION. A CASE STUDY

energy-efficient construction with an extremely low heating demand for warmth. Heating in such facilities is usually made only by warming the building’s ventilation air [7]. In countries with a milder climate – western, eg in Germany, this definition is correct. In Poland, due to the climate, applicable norms and law, in some facilities such solution is impossible to implement. The standard calculations often indicate that additional heating is necessary. They are usually made in the form of central

Ada KOŁODZIEJCZYK-KĘSOŃ

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 1, 19–32

Article

CURRENT VENTILATION AND AIR QUALITY PROBLEMS AGAINST HISTORICAL SOLUTIONS

The paper describes the issue of ventilation and air quality in buildings with reference to regular tightening of heating standards. The purpose of the work is to show the risks related to excessive insulation of buildings, which is thought to have a negative influence on users’ well-being and health. The development of issues related to thermal comfort has often led to erroneous solutions. As a result, problems such as “Sick Building Syndrome” and “Building Related Illness” has developed in

Rafał RADZIEWICZ-WINNICKI

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 2, 29–36

Review

PRACTICAL APPLICATION OF THE MICROWAVE OVEN IN THE GEOTECHNICAL LABORATORY

related to the heating effect of the military microwave radars observed during the World War II (Chung and Ho 2008). This phenomenon was later used in many fields of human activity. In science and engineering the microwaves are used to define moisture content of soil, measure moisture content in different products in agriculture (Hassan and Karmakar 2014; Lu et al. 2009), industry (Boone and Wengert 1998) and civil engineering (e.g. microwave gauge that defines water quantity in aggregate, concrete

Małgorzata JASTRZĘBSKA

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 2, 91–104

research-article

A CASE STUDY ON THE IMPACT OF BUILDING ENVELOPE ON ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN HIGH-RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS

Tower, the tallest residential building in Turkey and Europe from 2010 until 2017, is examined in the study as a case. Determining the energy consumption values of the building, analyzing the effects of the building’s air corridor façade on especially the heating energy load and comparing the values with the heating energy loads of other high-rise residential buildings in different geographies constitutes the scope of the study. Thus, the importance of building envelope design in increasing energy

Dinçer AYDIN, Esma MIHLAYANLAR

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 1, 5–18

Article

Thermal Effects in Design of Integrated CMOS MEMS High Resolution Pressure Sensor

the self heating of piezoresistors has been analyzed through a simple heat balance model which has been validated by FEM analysis and laboratory experiment. It is observed that for a typical packaged pressure sensor of 5.6mm by 5.6mm and heat transfer coefficient of 100Wm-2K-1, thermal effect may lead to a temperature rise of around 50C whereas for a high precision application of pressure sensor even 1-20C of temperature rise may lead to significant error. A methodology of co-design and a new MOS

C. RoyChaudhuri, S K Datta, H. Saha

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 432–447

Research Article

A Context-aware Smart Classroom for Enhanced Learning Environment

classroom which consists of the light bulbs system and window blinds as well as the heating/cooling system and learning tools such as data show, moving board desktop computer. These systems should be adjusted according to the current context which has a high dynamic change. These activities prevent them from focusing on their main tasks and directly affect the proper functioning of the educational process. In some cases, after the end of the lesson and the leaving of the audience, devices of the

Moeiz Miraoui

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 1–8

research-article

EVALUATION OF THE BUILDINGS’ SHADOWING IN THE COMPACT HOUSING DEVELOPMENT – SELECTED EXAMPLES

of the urban interiors. This phenomenon is not only understood as the direct sunlight effect on the living organisms, including humans, but also the illumination of the houses and the heating of external walls, which reduces the energy demand necessary for the heating during the winter. The proper arrangement of urban interiors serves man, fulfilling, at least partially, the criteria for a healthy and comfortable living environment. One of its elements is the proximity of nature and the

Justyna KOBYLARCZYK

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 1, 37–42

research-article

UTILIZATION OF MULTIPLE SHORT HEAT CONSUMPTION MEASUREMENT METHOD FOR DIAGNOSTICS OF HEAT SOURCE OF EXISTING BUILDING: PART 1: THEORETICAL BASIS OF THE METHOD

1. INTRODUCTION The thermal diagnostics of heating systems and heat source is connected with the verification of compatibility of the required and actual power of the heat source and heating systems [1, 4]. Determining the required power is one of the tasks of thermal heat source diagnostics. The need to perform such diagnostics periodically is due to national regulations and standards and the directives of the European Parliament and the Council of Europe. It is not always easy to determine

Henryk FOIT, Piotr LUBINA, Dawid TĄTA

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 1, 117–131

research-article

UTILIZATION OF MULTIPLE SHORT HEAT CONSUMPTION MEASUREMENT METHOD FOR DIAGNOSTICS OF HEAT SOURCE OF EXISTING BUILDING: PART 2: PRACTICAL USE OF THE METHOD

climatic zone, with basement. The total number of dwellings in this building is 30, and the number of residents – 82 people. Exact details of the building being analyzed are provided in [1]. The building is supplied with heat from the district heating network through a double-function, exchanging, compact heat distribution node located in the cellar of the building. The heat node is a two-stage switch adapted for central heating and hot water supply. In heated rooms there are no heating cost allocators

Henryk FOIT, Piotr LUBINA, Dawid TĄTA

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 2, 99–106

research-article

POSITIONING TEMPERATURE SENSORS IN CONFINED SPACES SUBJECT TO VARIOUS EXOGENOUS IMPACTS

demolition is taken into account this number rises to about 50% [2]. In 2010 the energy delivered to buildings in absolute terms was 23.7 PWh and this is projected to rise to 38.4 PWh by 2040 [3]. In buildings, the majority of energy is consumed by various processes aimed at maintaining required parameters of the indoor environment. According to data summarised by [4], of its total energy consumption, the average office building in the UK dedicated: 55% to heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC

Grzegorz AUGUSTYN, Jakub JURASZ, Krzysztof JURCZYK, Tomasz KORBIEL, Rafał RUMIN, Jerzy MIKULIK

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 1, 5–14

Article

Detection and classification of the behavior of people in an intelligent building by camera

the heating . My goal is to develop a robust and reliable system which is composed of two fixed cameras in every room of intelligent building which are connected to a computer for acquisition of video sequences, with a program using these video sequences as inputs, we use RGB color histograms and textures for LBP represented different images of video sequences, and SVM (support vector machine) Lights as a programming tool for the detection and classification of the behavior of people in this

Henni Sid Ahmed, Belbachir Mohamed Faouzi, Jean Caelen

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 1317–1342

No Record Found..
Page Actions