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Article | 03-November-2017

UHF RFID METAL TAG APPLYING TO LICENSE PLATE USING METAL SHIELDING AND WATERTIGHT METHODS

This paper describes a design for RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) tag using license plate attached the vehicle bumper in 900 MHz band. The implemented metal tag for a license plate is applied metal shielding method, watertight method of RFID tag, and metal corrosion protection method using silk screen technique. Moreover, its range of the fabricated tag antenna that the license plate and the vehicle bumper were fixed by volt and nut was observed 8.2m. This measured readable range showed

Gi-Hyun Hwang, Kyoung-Hwan Cha, Sachin Bhardwaj, Dae-Seok Lee

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 2 , ISSUE 4, 549–563

Article | 01-June-2015

IDENTIFICATION AND DETECTION OF DEFECT IN METAL CASING

Based on the propagation rules of electromagnetic waves in metal conductors, this paper analyzes the characteristics of electric field and magnetic field of internal conductors. Then the complex power of electromagnetic wave is calculated. The impedance calculation formula of metal conductor is derived. Moreover, in order to identify and detect defects of metal casing, an alternating current impedance measuring method for the metal casing is proposed by changing the alternating current

Yinchuan WU, Baolong GUO

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 8 , ISSUE 2, 1261–1283

Article | 01-October-2019

Design and Analysis of Thermoplastic Metal Detector RC Car with Wireless Charging

development of remotely operated solar- powered mobile metal detector robot is a rescue robot to autonomously operate in detecting the threat of land mines. During the First and Second World War, military forces deployed many bombs on land filed to fight between soldiers on the battlefield. There were many countries like Libya, Cambodia and Laos had explosive weapons that did not explode when fired or dropped on the ground. In fact, more than twenty thousand people have been killed or injured by

Haifa El-Sadi, Matthew R. Cole, Aaron M. Denis, Derek Fernandes, Alberto Benhamu-Chocron

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls, Volume 3 , ISSUE 3, 47–52

Article | 30-November-2018

A Study on the Sinter Brazing Joint of Powder Metal Components

I. INTRODUCTION Powder metallurgy is a processing method where green parts are compacted using dies and get sintered. Sintering offers equivalent strength as a cast iron and superior design flexibility and produces Near-Net-Shaped (NNS) parts at lower costs and it reduces the need for the machining process. Now, sinter brazing is an established joining process for Powder Metal components, and it is often used in the production of automotive applications. A successfully brazed joint relies

Pujan Tripathi, George Yang

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls, Volume 4 , ISSUE 4, 64–67

Research Article | 03-December-2011

EFFECTS OF PLACEMENT ERRORS ON PERFORMANCE OF VLF METAL DETECTOR HEADS

Metal-detector performance depends heavily on the sensor head. Errors in coil placement within the head can lead to degradation in detector performance. Electromagnetic modelling of typical very-low-frequency detector heads shows the effect of coil placement errors on detector sensitivity. Provided the bucking coil ‘tracks’ the receive coil, required error corrections can remain small. A correctly-aligned head could detect a gold ring target at a range of about 12 cm.

Lawrence J. Carter, Zhuoran Tang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 4 , ISSUE 4, 675–685

research-article | 30-November-2019

Panagrolaimus superbus tolerates hypoxia within Gallium metal cage: implications for the understanding of the phenomenon of anhydrobiosis

after several periods in the absence of oxygen – necessary for metabolism. Lastly, computer-based data revealed that the remaining water contents in desiccated colonies of Nostoc commune, bacterial cells, Artemia cysts, and plant seeds (i.e. less than 0.1 g g dry mass−1) are insufficient to sustain an active metabolism (Clegg, 1978, 1986; Potts, 1994). Gallium (Ga) is a soft metal categorized as a post-transition metal, sharing some physicochemical characteristics with Aluminium, Indium, and Thalium

Danyel Fernandes Contiliani, Yasmin de Araújo Ribeiro, Vitor Nolasco de Moraes, Tiago Campos Pereira

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–6

Original Paper | 30-June-2018

The Heavy-Metal Resistance Determinant of Newly Isolated Bacterium from a Nickel-Contaminated Soil in Southwest Slovakia

A bacterial isolate MR-CH-I2 [KC809939] isolated from soil contaminated mainly by high nickel concentrations in southwest Slovakia was previously found carrying nccA-like heavy-metal resistance determinant, marked as MR-CH-I2-HMR [KF218096]. According to phylogenetic analysis of short (696 bp) 16S rDNA (16S rRNA) sequences this bacterium was tentatively assigned to Uncultured beta proteobacterium clone GC0AA7ZA05PP1 [JQ913301]. nccA-like gene product was on the same base of its partial (581 bp

MATEJ REMENÁR, ANNA KAMLÁROVÁ, JANA HARICHOVÁ, MARCEL ZÁMOCKÝ, PETER FERIANC

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 67 , ISSUE 2, 191–201

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Fabrication and Characterization of High Performance Micro Impedance Inclinometer

In the study, a novel micro impedance inclinometer is presented, consisting of a glass substrate, Cr electrodes and a mercury pendulum. The output signal of the proposed inclinometer is read from the moving metal pendulum based on an LED array measurement scheme. A mercury pendulum mass is used for the inclinometer. The adhesion between the liquid metal and the substrate surface is reduced by etching or sandblasting the substrate surface. Experimental results show the developed inclinometer has

Chia-Yen Lee, Lung-Ming Fu

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–5

research-article | 30-November-2020

Treatment of mandibular second molar impaction in a patient with metal hypersensitivity

Introduction It is widely accepted that the prevalence of metal hypersensitivity is increasing.1–8 Peltonen reported that 4.5% of the general population had a sensitivity to nickel and it has been further reported that the prevalence by gender is five to ten times higher in females than in males.1,2 Additionally, the literature notes that orthodontic treatment does not affect the prevalence of nickel hypersensitivity, and that the incidence is associated with a history of body piercing prior to

Yoshie Takehana, Yasunori Miyauchi, Toru Kageyama

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 37 , ISSUE 2, 313–320

Article | 24-March-2018

REINFORCEMENT OF COMPOSITE PIPELINES FOR MULTIPURPOSE TRANSPORTATION

The problem of monolithic behavior of a metal pipe and fiberglass safety cage has been considered in the article. The prestressed case does not only decrease the deformability of a pipe on-load but it also protects metal from corrosion. The ability to withstand the arising stresses has been investigated for both strip fiberglass reinforcement and the whole construction. It has been shown that the deformability of fiberglass depends on the kind of binder. The maximum strength value has been

Liudmyla TRYKOZ, Svetlana KAMCHATNAYA, Oksana PUSTOVOITOVA, Armen ATYNIAN

Transport Problems, Volume 13 , ISSUE 1, 69–79

Article | 01-March-2012

DEVELOPMENT OF SEMI-QUANTITATIVE ANALYTICAL SYSTEM FOR METAL NANOPARTICLE INK USING LASER-INDUCED BREAKDOWN SPECTROSCOPY

This paper describes the semi-quantitative analysis of metal nanoparticle ink using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS). LIBS can be used to obtain information about the density and chemical composition of silver particles or copper particles, even ultrafine particles. Metal particles have been attracting much attention because of their increased use in new micro-nano technologies. In this work, LIBS was used as a fine metal particle measurement system for nanometallic materials used in

S. Ikezawa, M. Wakamatsu, T. Ueda

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 5 , ISSUE 1, 215–232

Article | 20-July-2021

The metal content of generic orthodontic brackets compared with proprietary brackets

Background: With minimal manufacturer information, a variety of ‘generic’ orthodontic brackets are available online from overseas distributors. The present study investigated the metal composition of generic orthodontic brackets compared with two well-known ‘proprietary’ brands. Materials and methods: Ranging in price from AU$2.99 to $65, five sets of different generic brackets were obtained directly from China via eBay (G1, G2…G5). Proprietary brackets were

Morgan Wishney, Tom Savage, Nicholas Proschogo, Peter Petocz, M. Ali Darendeliler

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 34 , ISSUE 2, 163–170

Research Article | 12-December-2017

The Effect of Catalytic Metal Contact on Methane Sensing Performance of Nanoporous ZnO -Si Heterojunction

film with particle size ~40nm. The catalytic contact metal used was also of nanoporous nature as was revealed from FESEM were as the noncatalyic metal showed flake like texture. The heterojunctions were investigated at different operating temperatures (50oC-300oC) and at different operating voltages (1-5V) for varying concentrations of methane (0.1%, 0.5% and 1.0%). It was observed that the device with Pd-Ag (70%) contacts on both sides offered shorter response time (~28sec) and much higher

G. P. Mishra, A. Sengupta, S. Maji, S. K. Sarkar, P. Bhattacharyya

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 3 , ISSUE 2, 273–291

Article | 01-December-2016

SELECTIVE CO SENSING USING NANOSTRUCTURED TiO_2 GAS SENSORS: A REVIEW

article presents sensing mechanism in semiconductor metal oxide sensors. For a reducing agent like , the surface reactions result in the reduction of sensor resistance. The parameters associated with sensor performance are discussed. The article presents a summary of main research findings in this field. Nanostructured morphologies offer better sensing performance and selectivity. The improved performance due to nanostructured is highlighted. The review clarifies the specific role of for the future

Roshan Castelino, Pramod N G

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 9 , ISSUE 4, 2237–2256

Article | 26-August-2018

THE USE OF CHITOSAN FOR REMOVING SELECTED POLLUTANTS FROM WATER AND WASTEWATER – SHORT REVIEW

Chitosan is a natural product derived from chitin, which is mostly found in exo-skeletons of shrimp, crab and lobster shells. This paper presents a short review of the literature regarding the use of chitosan and its modifications for removing selected pollutants from water and wastewater. In particular, the examples of removal of metal ions, dyes, anions and phenols were described. Furthermore, the possibility of the use of chitosan as a coagulant and flocculant in water and wastewater

Krzysztof BARBUSIŃSKI, Szymon SALWICZEK, Agnieszka PASZEWSKA

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 9 , ISSUE 2, 107–115

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Overcoming Long Recovery Time of Metal-Oxide Gas Sensor With Certainty Factor Sensing Algorithm

Gas leaking in gas production industry is a serious issue which could cause explosion or pose a high risk to human life. The searching of leaking gas can be performed by robots. It is better than using human beings because searching of leaking gas is a high risk task. Most of the gas sensors used in industries is semiconductor metal-oxide (MOX) type due to its low cost, ease of use, high sensitivity and fast response time in gas sensing, and ability to detect large number of gases. However

Kok Seng Eu, Kian Meng Yap

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–6

Original Paper | 07-June-2016

Levels of Organic Compounds, Number of Microorganisms and Cadmium Accumulation in Festuca ovina Hydroponic Culture

values independently of Cd concentra­tion. At both Cd concentrations, the cadmium translocation index for F. ovina was low (< 1), which is why this grass can be recommended for phytostabilization of the metal under study.

Małgorzata Majewska, Anna Słomka

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 65 , ISSUE 2, 191–200

Article | 04-March-2018

RESEARCH OF THE DEFECTIVE FROG WING OF 1/11 MARK

Pavels GAVRILOVS, Viktors IVANOVS

Transport Problems, Volume 12 , ISSUE 4, 119–126

Article | 06-July-2017

THE GLUEVAR RISK MEASURE AND INVESTOR’S ATTITUDES TO RISK– AN APPLICATION TO THE NON-FERROUS METALS MARKET

Dominik Krężołek

Statistics in Transition New Series, Volume 17 , ISSUE 2, 305–316

Article | 27-August-2018

CADMIUM AND LEAD CONTENT IN THE BARRIER DUSTS SAMPLED FROM THE NOISE BARRIERS LOCATED NEAR TO POZNAŃ (POLAND) - A PRELIMINARY STUDY

mg kg-1 (in relation to cadmium) and from 11.873 to 38.193 mg kg-1 (in relation to lead) and depended on the structure of the barriers (i.e. their length) and height of the sampling point. The highest metal contents were detected in samples originated from lower sections (0.0-0.5 m) of the longest noise barrier (1700 m). The results indicate the need for a continuous monitoring of heavy metal contents in the barrier dusts and surrounding agricultural soils.

Bożena KARBOWSKA, Mateusz SYDOW, Włodzimierz ZEMBRZUSKI

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 10 , ISSUE 1, 131–136

original-paper | 05-December-2019

Structural Changes of Bacillus subtilis Biomass on Biosorption of Iron (II) from Aqueous Solutions: Isotherm and Kinetic Studies

Introduction Remediation of metal ions from contaminated sites is paramount. Many industries and various human activities discharge large amounts of metal ions into the water bodies where they cannot be degraded or destroyed. Ultimately, heavy metal ions reach and accumulate in the tissues of animals and humans (Iheanacho et al. 2017) posing serious health ailments. Some metal ions act as essential micronutrients for most of the living organisms as metalloenzymes when present in sufficient

SRI LAKSHMI RAMYA KRISHNA KANAMARLAPUDI, SUDHAMANI MUDDADA

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 68 , ISSUE 4, 549–558

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Wavelet Transform Smoothing Filters for Metal Oxide Gas Sensor Signal Cleaning

Enobong Bassey, Jacqueline Whalley, Philp Sallis, Krishnamachar Prasad

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–5

Article | 30-September-2021

MODERNIZED MAG WELDING AND STAMPING FOR HEAVILY LOADED TRUCK CHASSIS COMPONENTS

Both the processes of welding and stamping are becoming increasingly more common in the construction of means of transport. Heavily loaded vehicle components should have good plastic properties so that cracks do not occur under operating conditions. Welded joints often crack, especially when they are subjected to additional treatments, such as stamping. In this article, the possibility of MAG welding (Metal Active Gas) of low-alloy steel using (MJC) micro-jet cooling was checked. Then, the made

Bożena SZCZUCKA-LASOTA, Anita UŚCIŁOWSKA, Tomasz WEGRZYN, Jan PIWNIK, Krzysztof Ireneusz WILCZYŃSKI, Piotr CYBULKO

Transport Problems, Volume 16 , ISSUE 3, 173–183

Research Article | 21-May-2019

BACTERIAL METALLOTHIONEINS

, able to chelate multiple metal ions i.e. the metallothioneins (MTs). They are widely distributed among Eucaryota, however, they have also been found in some limited Procaryota, including cyanobacteria, pseudomonads and mycobacteria. These bacterial MTs differ in terms of primary structure, the number and type of metal ions they bind, as well as with regard to their physiological functions. The expression of bacterial MTs is regulated by metals via metalosensors. MTs from cyanobacteria seem to be

Agnieszka Mierek-Adamska, Wioleta Tylman-Mojżeszek, Zuzanna Znajewska, Grażyna B. Dąbrowska

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 56 , ISSUE 2, 171–179

Research paper | 13-December-2017

DETERMINING THE STEP-CHANGE CONDUCTIVITY PROFILES WITHIN LAYERED METAL STRUCTURES USING INDUCTANCE SPECTROSCOPY

Wuliang Yin, Anthony J Peyton

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 1 , ISSUE 3, 812–823

research-paper | 30-November-2018

Prevention of cadmium-induced neurotoxicity in rats by essential nutrients present in nuts

INTRODUCTION Heavy metals, such as mercury, lead and cadmium, are widely distributed in nature; however, they have no nutritional importance. Cadmium is an extensively distributed toxicant because of its excessive use in modern lifestyles (Andrade et al., 2017). For example, this heavy metal is used in the manufacture of household appliances, batteries and paints. The improper disposal of these accessories causes contamination of the environment with cadmium (Järup, 2003). Fuel combustion by

Zehra Batool, Faiza Agha, Saiqa Tabassum, Tuba Sharf1 Batool, Rafat Ali Siddiqui, Saida Haider

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 79 , ISSUE 2, 169–183

research-article | 30-November-2018

FABRICATION AND CHARACTERISATION OF CHITOSAN/COCONUT FIBER COMPOSITE MEMBRANES FOR ELIMINATING CU2+ AND PB2+ FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS

addition, the accumulation of heavy metals can lead to bone, liver, kidney, and nervous system disorders and diseases which can cause chronic poisoning for humans and other organisms. Therefore, the removal of heavy metal ions from water sources is a crucial scientific and practical problem [2]. Various methods have been studied to eliminate heavy metals from water, including chemical, electrochemical, physical, and biological, as well as precipitation, adsorption, ion exchange, and membrane filtration

Thi-Cam-Trang TRUONG, Manh-Ha BUI, Dang-Khoa NGUYEN, Takaomi KOBAYASHI

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 12 , ISSUE 1, 163–169

Research Article | 02-February-2017

RECYCLING AND PROPERTIES OF RECYCLED ALUMINIUM ALLOYS USED IN THE TRANSPORTATION INDUSTRY

Summary. Nowadays, a transportation industry creates a lot of metal scrap because production and use of cars are on the increase worldwide. This is based on the fact that increase in the production of cars increases usage of aluminium alloys in transportationapplications. Therefore, it is necessary to reduce the production of components from primary aluminium alloy and increase their replacement with secondary—recycled—aluminium alloys because the production of recycled aluminium

Lenka KUCHARIKOVÁ, Eva TILLOVÁ, Otakar BOKŮVKA

Transport Problems, Volume 11 , ISSUE 2, 117–122

Research Article | 01-September-2017

DESIGN OF LOW POWER CARRY SKIP ADDER USING DTCMOS

dynamic threshold complementary metal oxide semiconductor (DTCMOS).Tthe circuit is designed using tanner EDA simulator of 32nm technology. Also the circuit is compared with the CMOS technology methods.

T.R.Dinesh Kumar, K.Mohana Sundaram, M.Anto Bennet, Aruna .R, Meena .B, M. Mohanapriya

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 10 , ISSUE 5, 284–294

Research paper | 13-December-2017

HYDROGEN GAS SENSING PERFORMANCE OF Pt/SnO2 NANOWIRES/SiC MOS DEVICES

This paper presents material and gas sensing properties of Pt/SnO2 nanowires/SiC metal oxide semiconductor devices towards hydrogen. The SnO2 nanowires were deposited onto the SiC substrates by vapor-liquid-solid growth mechanism. The material properties of the sensors were investigated using scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The current-voltage characteristics have been analyzed. The effective change in the barrier height for 1

M. Shafiei, K. Kalantar-zadeh, W. Wlodarski, E. Comini, M. Ferroni, G. Sberveglieri, S. Kaciulis, L. Pandolfi

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 1 , ISSUE 3, 771–783

Short Communication | 15-March-2016

Enterobacter asburiae KUNi5, a Nickel Resistant Bacterium for Possible Bioremediation of Nickel Contaminated Sites

Nickel resistant bacterial strain Enterobacter asburiae KUNi5 was isolated and showed resistance up to 15 mM and could remove Ni opti­mally better at 37°C and pH 7. Maximum removal was found at initial concentration of 0.5 to 2 mM, however, growth and Ni removal were affected by other heavy metals. Major amount of the metal was accumulated in the membrane fractions and certain negatively charged groups were found responsible for Ni binding. KUNi5 could also produce 1-aminocyclopropane-1

Anirudha Paul, Samir Kumar Mukherjee

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 65 , ISSUE 1, 115–118

Research Article | 02-February-2017

MODELLING OF THERMOELASTIC TRANSIENT CONTACT INTERACTION FOR BINARY BEARING TAKING INTO ACCOUNT CONVECTION

Summary.Serviceability of metal-polymeric "dry-friction" sliding bearings depends on many parameters, including the rotational speed, friction coefficient, thermal and mechanical properties of the bearing system and, as a result, the value of contact temperature. The objective of this study is to develop a computational model for the metallic-polymer bearing, determination on the basis of this model temperature distribution, equivalent and contact stresses for elements of the bearing

Igor KOLESNIKOV, Sergey DANILCHENKO, Elena KOLOSOVA, Mikhail CHEBAKOV, Alexander LYAPIN

Transport Problems, Volume 11 , ISSUE 4, 73–81

research-paper | 12-August-2019

Autism spectrum disorder and mercury toxicity: use of genomic and epigenetic methods to solve the etiologic puzzle

INTRODUCTION Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is an increasingly prevalent neurodevelopmental condition of unknown etiology. Importantly, reported manifestations of low-level exposure to mercury, a highly neurotoxic heavy metal, are similar to those of ASD. In the past several years, evidence has accumulated linking the risk of toxic manifestations of low-level mercury exposure to particular genes, mutations, and epigenetic changes. The fields of genomics, genetics, and epigenetics are rapidly

Mark E. McCaulley

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 79 , ISSUE 2, 113–125

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Acoustic emission testing of electrical stressed copper trace

Copper becomes more and more important in the electronic industry. This metal is more resilient than conventional materials (like aluminium) due to the higher electrical and thermal conductivity. During several electrical stress pulses the copper changes. The surface can melt up and cracks and voids can develop inside the copper specimen. In this paper we use acoustic emission testing to analyse copper degradation especially of copper and copper traces. It is evaluated if an acoustic wave

Daniela Florian, Thomas Wiesner, Bernhard G. Zagar

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–6

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Fabrication of gold nanopillars on gold interdigitated impedance electrodes for biological applications

Gold nanopillars have been successfully fabricated on top of interdigitated gold electrodes deposited on a Pyrex substrate and these were used for cytotoxicity monitoring on immortalized cells through the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy technique. These nanopillars were fabricated via contact metal deposition. E-beam lithography was used to define the pattern of nanopillars with dimensions of 150nm diameter and 500nm of distance between their edges in a honeycomb-like structure. These

Walter Messina, Michelle Fitzgerald, Una Crowley, Eric Moore

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–7

Research Article | 13-December-2017

A NOVEL METHOD FOR THE IMPROVEMENT IN THERMOELECTRIC PROPERTY OF TIN OXIDE THIN FILMS AND ITS APPLICATION IN GAS SENSING

Tin oxide thin film deposited on to glass substrates by the process of DC reactive magnetron sputtering has been used in our work. These films were characterized for their thermoelectric behavior. Further, a novel method has been developed to enhance the Seebeck coefficient of these films. Prior to the oxide film deposition on the glass substrate, thin metal films have been deposited at the two ends of the sample. High conductivity metals such as chromium, silver and copper were used for this

Anuradha S, K. Rajanna

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 1 , ISSUE 2, 498–511

Article | 03-November-2017

Enhanced LPG response characteristics of SnO2 thin film based sensors loaded with Pt clusters

RF sputtered SnO2 thin films (90 nm thick) loaded with clusters of nanoscale (8 nm) metal catalysts (Pt, Ag, Ni, Pb, Al, Pd) are investigated for LPG detection. SnO2 film loaded with Pt catalyst clusters exhibits enhanced response (~ 7.5×102) to 200 ppm of LPG at a relatively low operating temperature (185oC) with a fast response time of 100s. Variation of thickness of Pt clusters in the nanoscale range (2 to 20 nm) is seen to significantly influence the sensor response characteristics

Divya Haridas, Arijit Chowdhuri, K. Sreenivas, Vinay Gupta

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 2 , ISSUE 3, 503–514

Research Article | 27-December-2017

SIGNAL SENSING BY THE ARCHITECTURE OF EMBEDDED I/O PAD CIRCUITS

In this study, the detecting structures in an embedded CUP wafer, which are called sensors,are investigated through a contactless sensing analysis. These novel sensing structures, which were designed using the ADS 2009 platform and the design rules for the TSMC 0.18-μm CMOS process, were placed under bonding pads. However, signals would still pass through these I/O sensing structures (i.e., ESD devices or circuits) and become coupled up to the pads of the top-layer metal as square, sinusoidal

Shen-Li Chen, Yang-Shiung Cheng

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 1, 196–213

Research Article | 10-April-2013

APPLICATION OF MULTI-FREQUENCY ELECTROMAGNETIC PROFILING IN STUDYING THE DISTRIBUTION OF BRONZE IN JINSHA RUIN WORSHIP

, the metal bodies underground can be detected based on the different conductivities of rocks and minerals in the crust. In the present paper, multi-frequency electromagnetic profiling was used to study the distribution of bronze in the sacrifice area of the Jinsha ruins, and the data were processed with multi electromagnetic dipole forward modeling. The distribution of bronze derived from multi-frequency electromagnetic profiling was in accordance with the results of site excavation, proving that

Wenfeng Zheng, Xiaolu Li, Nina Lam, Xuben Wang, Zhangli Sun, Shan Liu, Jinmei Yao

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 2, 733–751

Article | 05-June-2013

THE EFFECTS OF MOS LAYERS ON SENSING PROPERTIES OF MOS PHOTOSENSOR

In this research work, many samples of metal –oxide –silicon photosensors were laboratory prepared by thermal evaporation techniques. Some silicon samples were left in the air for a predefined time for SiO2 to grow naturally, while others were thermally coated with measured thickness of SiO. A number of the samples were coated with nickel while others with aluminum and one sample was coated with indium. Various tests and measurements were conducted; these include transmittance tests with a

Wagah F. Mohammed, Mohammed M. Ali, Munther N. Al-Tikriti, Kalid Kaleel

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 3, 1102–1110

Research Article | 04-December-2011

DEVICE APPLICATION OF NON-EQUILIBRIUM MOS CAPACITORS FABRICATED ON HIGH RESISTIVITY SILICON

This work shows that the direct pulse-wide-modulated (PWM) output electric signal, with a duty cycle controlled by light intensity, can be obtained using a circuit that contains a saw-tooth voltage generator connected in series with a dc voltage source and a metal (semitransparent gate) oxide semiconductor capacitor (MOS-C) operating in non-equilibrium mode. Amplified output signal presents positive and negative PWM waveforms that can be easily separated using diodes. The duty of the positive

O. Malik, F. J. De la Hidalga-W

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 4 , ISSUE 4, 686–697

Article | 01-September-2015

FRAGRANCE MEASUREMENT OF SCENTED RICE USING ELECTRONIC NOSE

This article describes about an instrument and method for aroma based quality detection of Basmati and other aromatic rice varieties. It comprises few modules such as odour delivery module, sniffing module, water bath module and computing module. Odour handling module helps to deliver odour to the sensor array; a sniffing unit comprising a sensor array module that includes a eight number of metal oxide semiconductor sensors assembled on a printed circuit board, said printed circuit board fitted

Arun Jana, Nabarun Bhattacharyya, Rajib Bandyopadhyay, Bipan Tudu, Subhankar Mukherjee, Devdulal Ghosh, Jayanta Kumar Roy

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 8 , ISSUE 3, 1730–1747

Research paper | 13-December-2017

High Performance Macroporous Silicon Chemical Sensor With Improved Phase Detection Electronics

In this paper, a high sensitive, stable and reproducible electrical chemical sensor system based on macroporous silicon has been developed. Screen printed metal contacts have been taken from macroporous silicon layer which result in extremely stable, quasi ohmic and reproducible contacts. Such a sensor structure has been characterized for different organic and ionic solutions commonly used for biochemical applications. The sensitivity of the reported sensor at a particular frequency has been

C. RoyChaudhuri, S. Gangopadhyay, R. DevDas, S.K. Datta, H. Saha

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 1 , ISSUE 3, 638–658

Article | 09-April-2018

Design of Temperature Sensitive Structure for Micromechanical Silicon Resonant Accelerometer

of the original accelerometer to ensure symmetry of the MSRA, as well as compares and selects the appropriate structure, fundamental frequency, and size. The ANSYS simulation is used to verify the rationality of the structure design. The MSRA is fabricated using the Deep Dry Silicon on Glass technique and packaged in metal shell, a measurement circuit is designed and a full temperature test is conducted. The results show that the resonant frequency of the temperature resonator is strongly

Heng Li, Libin Huang, Qinqin Ran, Songli Wang

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls, Volume 2 , ISSUE 4, 56–60

Article | 24-December-2021

PROPOSAL OF SPECIFIC MEASURES IN THE CONTEXT OF STREAMLINING OPERATING COSTS IN A SELECTED COMPANY

will be chosen using multi-criteria evaluation methods, specifically, the Analytic Hierarchy Process (hereinafter referred to as AHP) and the Base-criterion method. Determination of the weights of criteria will be carried out using the Saaty method of quantitative pair wise comparison and the Fuller pair wise comparison method. In this paper, the presented methods are applied for the example of a specific company specialized in the manufacture of metal storage racks and steel structures. In the

Ondrej STOPKA, Vladimír ĽUPTÁK, Iwona RYBICKA

Transport Problems, Volume 16 , ISSUE 4, 121–134

Research Article | 01-September-2017

DESIGN OF LOW COMPLEXITY ACCUMULATOR USING FINFET FOR VARIOUS TECHNOLOGIES

N. Sathya, Dr.M.Anto Bennet, M. Mageswari, M. Priya, M. Kayalvizhi

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 10 , ISSUE 5, 225–235

research-article | 30-November-2019

RECOVERY OF TANTALUM FROM DIFFERENT RESOURCES

1. INTRODUCTION Tantalum is used in the electronics industry to produce electrolytic capacitors, which are found in every electronic device, defense and space equipment. It is used in the production of chemical equipment due to its resistance to most acids and bases. On the one hand, it is widely used in industry and its numerous branches and on the other hand in jewelry or watchmaking products [1]. As a result, it is not uncommon for this metal to become an object of interest for a variety of

Natalia GENEROWICZ, Joanna KULCZYCKA

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 13 , ISSUE 4, 79–84

Article | 30-July-2021

Porcelain surface conditioning protocols and shear bond strength of orthodontic brackets

Aim: The objective of the present study was to determine which of six bonding protocols yielded a clinically acceptable shear bond strength (SBS) of metal orthodontic brackets to CAD/CAM lithium disilicate porcelain restorations. A secondary aim was to determine which bonding protocol produced the least surface damage at debond. Methods: Sixty lithium disilicate samples were fabricated to replicate the facial surface of a mandibular first molar using a CEREC CAD/CAM machine. The samples were

Ashley M. Lestrade, Richard W. Ballard, Xiaoming Xu, Qingzhao Yu, Edwin L. Kee, Paul C. Armbruster

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 32 , ISSUE 1, 18–22

Research Article | 13-December-2017

CHARACTERIZATION OF CRACKS AND DELAMINATIONS USING PWAS AD LAMB WAVE BASED TIME-FREQUENCY METHODS

Use of smart sensor technology along with intelligent signal processing plays a crucial role in the implementation and working of ultrasonic wave based damage detection system. In this work, the interaction of A0 Lamb mode with damages like crack and delamination are studied. Piezoelectric Wafer Active Sensors (PWAS) are used for generation of Lamb waves to detect damages in metal and composite structures. Experiments were conducted on aluminum plates to study the interaction of Lamb wave with

R. Gangadharan, C.R.L. Murthy, S. Gopalakrishnan, M.R. Bhat, D. Roy Mahapatra

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 3 , ISSUE 4, 703–735

Article | 09-August-2018

BUILDING HERITAGE IN THE ALTO DOURO WINE REGION, PORTUGAL – TABIQUE WALL NAILS CHARACTERIZATION

The Alto Douro Wine Region, a region located in the northeast of Portugal, presents an abundant building heritage which consists of tabique constructions, a vernacular construction technology. This technology uses raw materials such as stone, an earth-based material and wood, besides metal nail sensure the timber connections and the required structural safety. Previous research works have shown that most of the existing tabique buildings, in this region, present signs of marked deterioration

Rui Cardoso, Jorge Pinto, João Carlos Lanzinha

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 9 , ISSUE 1, 59–70

original-paper | 03-September-2019

Purification, Characterization and Inhibition of Alanine Racemase from a Pathogenic Strain of Streptococcus iniae

18 kinds of L-amino acids as the substrates and incubated at the optimum temperature for 10 minutes. Effect of metal ions, reducing agents and PLP on the enzyme activity. The influence of some metal ions and chemical compounds on the activity of SiAlr were determined by incubating the enzyme with the chemical compounds in the reaction mixture for 30 min, afterward, the substrate was added and the relative residual activity was determined according to the standard protocol (Liu et al. 2015). SiAlr

MURTALA MUHAMMAD, YANGYANG LI, SIYU GONG, YANMIN SHI, JIANSONG JU, BAOHUA ZHAO, DONG LIU

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 68 , ISSUE 3, 331–341

Article | 15-August-2021

Bond strength and micro-computed tomographic evaluation of pre-coated brackets

Objectives: The aim of the present study was to assess and compare the shear bond strength (SBS) of metal pre-coated orthodontic brackets bonded to fluorotic and non-fluorotic teeth treated with three different etching techniques. A second aim was to determine the volume of adhesive remaining on the tooth at debond using micro-computed tomography (µCT). Methods: Ninety extracted premolars were selected to include 45 fluorotic (test group) and 45 non-fluorotic (control group) teeth. Each

Waleed Bakhadher, Nabeel Talic, Khalid Al Hezaimi

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 31 , ISSUE 2, 201–207

Article | 30-July-2021

Hybrid crowns – bonding protocols and shear bond strength

Aims: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of three different surface treatment protocols on the shear bond strength (SBS) of metal brackets to Vita Enamic® and Lava™ Ultimate CAD/CAM hybrid ceramics. Methods: A total of 60 crowns were milled and divided into one of three etching groups which used 9.6% hydrofluoric acid, 35% phosphoric acid and 50 µ aluminum oxide microetching. The surface morphology of the ceramic was observed after each etching

Matthew Epperson, Neha Vazirani, Paul C. Armbruster, Edwin L. Kee, Xiaoming Xu, Richard W. Ballard

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 33 , ISSUE 1, 40–47

original-paper | 27-March-2019

Bioactive Compounds of Pseudoalteromonas sp. IBRL PD4.8 Inhibit Growth of Fouling Bacteria and Attenuate Biofilms of Vibrio alginolyticus FB3

extra drag (Townsin 2003). As a result, it increases engine stress and fuel consumption. Nowadays, metal-containing paints like tributyltin (TBT) and copper oxide (Cu2O) have been widely utilized in the war against biofouling due to their effectiveness (Braddy 2000). However, tin and copper are released into the seawater and do not decompose rapidly, thus causing bio-accumulation in the food chain and intoxicating many lower and higher-level animals (Iwata et al. 1995; Guardiola 2012). Regardless

NOR AFIFAH SUPARDY, DARAH IBRAHIM, SHARIFAH RADZIAH MAT NOR, WAN NORHANA MD NOORDIN

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 68 , ISSUE 1, 21–33

Research Article | 13-December-2017

HUMANITARIAN DEMINING ROBOT GRYPHON CURRENT STATUS AND AN OBJECTIVE EVALUATION

Edwardo F. Fukushima, Marc Freese, Toshiaki Matsuzawa

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 1 , ISSUE 3, 735–753

research-article | 30-November-2017

ZINC AND LEAD IN AQUATIC PLANTS AND BOTTOM SEDIMENTS OF ANTHROPOGENIC RIVERS

history of pollution of the river basin. In aqueous environment heavy metals can be present as: free ions, hydrated ions, organic and inorganic complexes, compounds with insoluble organic and inorganic molecules (hydroxides, carbonates, sulphates, chlorides, metal ions) [13]. These forms are relatively in constant equilibrium, which may, however, be impaired by changing physicochemical conditions in a watercourse [4, 9]. This leads to a secondary pollution of the aquatic environment [8, 32]. One of

Anna MAŁACHOWSKA-JUTSZ, Jolanta GUMIŃSKA

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 11 , ISSUE 2, 125–134

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