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Article | 01-June-2015


-based classifiers from a binary tree classification as a decision-making system. In our framework for molecular robot development, the system components of molecular robots and simple classifier rules were used to alleviate the computational burden. The design consists of a basic model that generates rule-based classifier gates in several binary tree and cancer classifications based on micro (mi)RNA expression. Simulation results showed that detection and classification were rapid using this system

Wibowo Adi, Kosuke Sekiyama

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 8 , ISSUE 2, 944–965

Article | 15-April-2020

Serologic and molecular genetic management of a pregnancy complicated by anti-Rh18

her serum. No potential donors were identified among family members or within the American Rare Donor Program;therefore,a unit of the patient’s RBCs was collected one week before her planned caesarian section. To improve our ability to supply blood for this patient in the future,molecular testing was performed. The patient was found to be homozygous for an RH haplotype in which a variant RHD*DAR, is linked to a variant RHCE*ceAR. The DAR-ceAR haplotype has been described in Dutch-African

Richard L. Haspel, Dawn Michelle, Richard M. Kaufman, Sunitha Vege, Connie M. Westhoff

Immunohematology, Volume 22 , ISSUE 3, 132–135

Review | 15-April-2020

Review: molecular basis of MNS blood group variants

chance of recombination, resulting in hybrid molecules that often carry one or more novel antigens. Some of the antigens in the MNS system result from a single nucleotide substitution. The MNS blood group system now consists of more than 40 distinct antigens. This review summarizes the molecular basis associated with some of the antigens in the MNS blood group system.

P. Palacajornsuk

Immunohematology, Volume 22 , ISSUE 4, 171–182

research-article | 19-February-2021

First morphological and molecular identification of third-stage larvae of Anisakis typica (Nematoda: Anisakidae) from marine fishes in Vietnamese water

(Farjallah et al., 2008). Recent studies indicated morphological differences between Anisakis species (Chen and Shih, 2015; Sonko et al., 2019; Tunya et al., 2020). In addition, molecular tools allow the accurate identification of anisakid larvae by using sequences of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of ribosomal DNA (D’amelio et al., 2010; Mattiucci and Nascetti, 2008). In Vietnam, data on Anisakis nematodes are scarce. There have been a few reports on Anisakis larvae without morphological

Hoang Van Hien, Bui Thi Dung, Ha Duy Ngo, Pham Ngoc Doanh

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–9

research-article | 30-November-2020

Morphological and molecular characterization of Xiphinemella esseri Chitwood, 1957 (Dorylaimida: Leptonchidae) from Florida, with the first molecular study of the genus

the four subfamilies classified under the family Leptonchidae (Thorne, 1935), but its relationships with the others leptonchid genera have not been analyzed using molecular data yet, due to lack of DNA sequences of the Xiphinemellinae members. This study was conducted with the objectives to (i) characterize a population of Xiphinemella esseri (Chitwood, 1957), recently collected in Florida, with molecular and morphological taxonomic approach, and (ii) provide new insights in the phylogeny and

Sergio Álvarez-Ortega, Sergei A. Subbotin, Renato N. Inserra

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–9

Case report | 01-December-2019

Molecular analysis of patients with weak D and serologic analysis of those with anti-D (excluding type 1 and type 2)

Whether or not patients whose red blood cells (RBCs) carry certain weak D types  produce anti-D, and if they do whether it is  allo- or autoanti-D, remains controversial. The aim of this study was to determine the serologic features of anti-D in individuals expressing a weak D other than type 1 or type 2 and to assess whether the anti-D was an allo- or autoantibody. Serologic D typing and molecular analyses were performed on 748 individuals. Serologic characterization of anti-D

Bach-Nga Pham, Michèle Roussel, Dominique Gien, Maryline Ripaux, Carine Auxerre, Pierre-Yves Le Pennec, Christine Andre-Botte

Immunohematology, Volume 29 , ISSUE 2, 55–62

research-article | 30-November-2019

Molecular and morphological characterization of the amaryllis lesion nematode, Pratylenchus hippeastri (Inserra et al., 2007), from California

and processed to glycerin by the formalin glycerin method (Golden, 1990; Hooper, 1970). Photomicrographs of the specimens were made with a Nikon Eclipse Ni compound microscope using a Nikon DS-Ri2 camera. Measurements were made with an ocular micrometer on a Leica WILD MPS48, Leitz DMRB compound microscope. All measurements are in micrometers unless otherwise stated. The molecular identification was performed using DNA extracted from single nematodes as template in PCR reactions. The internal

Zafar A. Handoo, Andrea M. Skantar, Mihail R. Kantor, Saad L. Hafez, Maria N. Hult

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–5

research-article | 11-January-2021

On the molecular identity of Paratylenchus nanus Cobb, 1923 (Nematoda: Tylenchida)

den Berg et al. (2014) provided a detailed molecular and morphological characterization of several populations identified as P. nanus from South Africa and California, USA. This study showed that the populations identified as P. nanus might indeed contain two sibling species (molecular types A and B), which were well separated using molecular criteria, but had very similar morphometrics. These authors also noticed intraspecific variation in shapes of lip region and tail. Thus, the designation of

Sergei A. Subbotin, Guiping Yan, Mihail Kantor, Zafar Handoo

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–7

research-article | 30-November-2018

Morphological and Molecular Characterization of Oscheius saproxylicus sp. n. (Rhabditida, Rhabditidae) From Decaying Wood in Spain, With New Insights into the Phylogeny of the Genus and a Revision of its Taxonomy

Oscheius as well the two monophyletic species groups within the latter. Molecular data of Oscheius sensu lato species, many of them described during the last years, have been matter of analyses by several authors (Félix et al., 2001; Darby et al., 2011; Darsouei et al., 2014; Campos-Herrera et al., 2015; Torrini et al., 2015; Tabassum et al., 2016; Lima de Brida et al., 2017; Valizadeh et al., 2017; Zhou et al., 2017), resulting in the confirmation of the monophyly of the Insectivorus- and the

Joaquín Abolafia, Reyes Peña-Santiago

journal of nematology, Volume 51 , 1–21

research-article | 30-November-2020

First report of morphological and molecular characterization of Moroccan populations of Globodera pallida

obvious symptoms on the potato especially for the first months of field infestation. Then it damages the roots and reduces the production yields. Damages can appear to be symptoms of water stress or mineral deficiencies. Morphological identification of Globodera species is an initial means of differentiation of Globodera species that are morphologically and morphometrically closely related that ultimately requires molecular confirmation. Molecular diagnosis by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test

A. Hajjaji, R. Ait Mhand, N. Rhallabi, F. Mellouki

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–8

research-article | 30-November-2018

Molecular and morphological characterization of Paurodontella composticola n. sp. (Nematoda: Hexatylina, Sphaerulariidae) from Iran

, 1980) in the order of Tylenchida (Thorne, 1949). Siddiqi (2000) considered the family Paurodontidae a junior synonym of Sphaerulariidae, since the genera included in these families are morphologically similar and have similar life cycles. However, there is not enough available molecular data to support these statements. Biologically, in Paurodontidae, a fungus-feeding generation is well known and nothing is known about entomoparasitic forms, whereas in Sphaerulariidae, an entomoparasitic form is

Mehrab Esmaeili, Ramin Heydari, Ahmad Kheiri, Weimin Ye

Journal of Nematology, Volume 51 , 1–12

Article | 03-December-2017

Morphological, Morphometric, and Molecular Characterization of Intraspecific Variations within Indian Populations of Meloidogyne graminicola

, Samastipur grouped with M. oryzae and M. graminis. Molecular phylogenetic analysis using internal transcribed spacer (ITS) suggested that in spite of morphological differences, these populations belonged to M. graminicola.


Journal of Nematology, Volume 49 , ISSUE 3, 254–267

research-article | 28-April-2020

Morphological and molecular characterization of Pungentus sufiyanensis n. sp. and additional data on P. engadinensis (Altherr, 1950) Altherr, 1952 (Dorylaimida: Nordiidae) from northwest of Iran

and cultivated soils of northwest Iran (East–West Azarbaijan and Kurdistan provinces) to explore the dorylaimid diversity of this region. Their study revealed that they belonged to one new and one known species. The objective of this work was to report Pungentus sufiyanensis n. sp. using morphology, morphometric, and molecular methods and provide new data about P. engadinensis. Materials and methods Extraction and processing of nematodes Soil samples were collected from the rhizosphere of

Nasir Vazifeh, Gholamreza Niknam, Habibeh Jabbari, Reyes Peña-Santiago

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–12

Report | 26-October-2019

Red cell antigen prevalence predicted by molecular testing in ethnic groups of South Texas blood donors

and maintain adequate rare inventory of each. Molecular red blood cell genotyping allows transfusion services to increase their availability of rare phenotypes for chronically transfused patients.

Lorena I. Aranda, Linda A. Smith, Scott Jones, Rachel Beddard

Immunohematology, Volume 31 , ISSUE 4, 166–173

research-article | 26-March-2021

Morphological and molecular characterization of Butlerius butleri Goodey, 1929 (Nematoda: Diplogastridae) from South Africa: First report

from vermicompost in Iran and presented the first molecular characterization of the species. In South Africa the genus Butlerius was first reported in 1961 (Heyns, 1961) and are commonly found in soil samples (Dr Marais, ARC-PHP, personal communication). However, populations of the genus are very rarely formally reported in the country. Species of the genus are yet to be reported or described from South Africa. During sampling of compost matter from two different localities in Potchefstroom, North

Chantelle Girgan, Gerhard Du Preez, Hendrika Fourie, Milad Rashidifard

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–12

Report | 25-March-2020

Molecular studies of DO alleles reveal that JO is more prevalent than HY in Brazil, whereas HY  is more prevalent in New York

Because of the scarcity of anti-Hy and anti-Joa, hemagglutination typing for the Dombrock blood group system antigens, Hy and Joa, is not feasible.  The molecular bases associated with these antigens have been determined, making it possible to distinguish HY and JO from wild-type DO.  This provides a tool to predict the probable phenotype of patients and to screen for antigen-negative donors.  PCR-RFLP assays and a microchip assay were used to determine the frequency of HY and JO

Lilian Castilho, Wilson Baleotti, Edith Tossas, Kim Hue-Roye, Karina R. Ribeiro, Christine Lomas-Francis, Daisy Charles-Pierre, Marion E. Reid

Immunohematology, Volume 24 , ISSUE 4, 135–137

Article | 04-December-2017

Morphological and Molecular Characteristics of Pratylenchus haiduongensis sp. n., a New Species of Root–Lesion Nematodes Associated with Carrot in Vietnam

terminus observed in some specimens. The matrix code of P. haiduongensis sp. n. is: A2, B1, C4, D(1,3), E1, F(5,6), G(1,2), H(1,4); I(1,2,3,4), J1, K(1,2) according to Castillo and Vovlas (2007). The LSU–D2D3 segment and the ITS–rDNA region of this species were amplified and sequenced. The morphological characters and molecular phylogenetic analyses confirmed that this is a new species of the genus Pratylenchus in Vietnam.


Journal of Nematology, Volume 49 , ISSUE 3, 276–285

Report | 25-March-2020

Molecular analyses of GYPB in African Brazilians

The molecular background of variant forms of GYPB is not well studied in Brazilians of African descent.  The present study was carried out to determine the molecular bases of the S–s– phenotype and the frequency of GYPB*S silent gene for the S–s+ phenotype in a blood donor population of African Brazilians.  In this study, 165 blood samples from African Brazilians (Northeastern Brazil) who phenotyped as S–s– (n = 17) and S–s+ (n = 148) by

Ricardo Omoto, Marion E. Reid, Lilian Castilho

Immunohematology, Volume 24 , ISSUE 4, 148–153

Research Article | 23-May-2019


The molecular typing methods are used to identify specific genetic targets and relationships between microbial isolates. In order to understand clonal relatedness between the microbial strains, classic phenotypic methods are used in line with modern molecular biology techniques. The development of genetics, especially new techniques like molecular typing, have revolutionized microbial research. After 1970, the development techniques, especially those referring to DNA sequencing, established

Daria Artyszuk, Tomasz Wołkowicz

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 57 , ISSUE 2, 179–193

research-article | 14-December-2020

Morphological, morphometrical, and molecular characterization of Metarhabditis amsactae (Ali, Pervez, Andrabi, Sharma and Verma, 2011) Sudhaus, 2011 (Rhabditida, Rhabditidae) from India and proposal of Metarhabditis longicaudata as a junior synonym of M. amsactae

Jacob, 2012, and Oscheius amsactae Ali, Pervez, Andrabi, Sharma and Verma, 2011 and Metarhabditis longicaudata Tabassum, Salma and Nasir, 2019. Most of these studies, however, have characterized the species morphologically and morphometrically. Regarding molecular analysis, several Internal Transcribed Spacer (ITS) rDNA sequences, obtained from M. amsactae isolated in India, Philippines, and Pakistan have been deposited in the GenBank, but none of the nematode specimens used to obtain the sequences

Aashaq Hussain Bhat, Shreyansh Srivastava, Aasha Rana, Ashok Kumar Chaubey, Ricardo A. R. Machado, Joaquín Abolafia

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–23

research-article | 30-November-2019

Morphological and molecular characterization of Hoplolaimus pararobustus (Schuurmans Stekhoven and Teunissen, 1938) Sher 1963 with its first report on Zea mays roots in Namibia

corms and roots of banana where they were likely to cause damage to the crop (Sikora et al., 2018). Phylogenetic analysis of Hoplolaimus spp. using D2–D3 expansion of 28 S and internal transcribed spacer (ITS1) ribosomal DNA sequences resolved the phylogeny of the genus and were useful in molecular identification of Hoplolaimus spp. (Bae et al., 2008). In addition, the PCR-RFLP method was applied by different researchers to evaluate the genetic diversity of Hoplolaimus spp. (Robbins et al., 2009

Mariette Marais, Esther van den Berg, Hendrika Fourie, Milad Rashidifard

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–12

Article | 26-October-2020

Serologic and molecular investigations of a chimera

A chimeric individual possesses two or more genetically distinct cell populations. Although the chimerism may not be evident in all gene systems, various loci display greater numbers of alleles than genetically "normal" individuals. The proposita was referred for further laboratory investigation due to a rnixed-field ABO blood group reaction following routine antenatal testing. Various molecular (HLA class Il, ABO genotyping, and 10 short tandem repeat [STR] microsatellites) and

Nicole A. Mifsud, Albert P. Haddad, Cathie F. Hart, Jennifer A. Condon, Michael Swain, Rosemary L. Sparrow

Immunohematology, Volume 15 , ISSUE 3, 100–104

research-article | 18-March-2020

Description of Seinura italiensis n. sp. (Tylenchomorpha: Aphelenchoididae) found in the medium soil imported from Italy

isolated by the modified Baermann funnel technique for 24 hr. Permanent slides were prepared by heat-killed and fixed nematodes with FA 4:1 and ethanol-glycerin dehydration according to Seinhorst (1959) as modified by De Grisse (1969). Morphometrics, drawings, and light micrographs of nematodes were done with the aid of a Zeiss microscope equipped with a Zeiss AxioCam MRm CCD camera. Molecular and phylogenetic analyses DNA samples were prepared according to Li et al. (2008). Three sets of primers

Jianfeng Gu, Munawar Maria, Lele Liu, Majid Pedram

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–11

Original Research | 11-December-2017

Description of Pseudacrobeles (Pseudacrobeles) curvatus sp. n. (Cephalobidae: Rhabditida) in South Korea

and diagnostic features of Pseudacrobeles species and molecular sequence data from the D2-D3 regions of the 28S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) and ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 region of rDNA from the new species, which can be used as molecular barcode sequences.  

Jiyeon Kim, Taeho Kim, Joong-Ki Park

Journal of Nematology, Volume 49 , ISSUE 2, 162–167

Research Article | 03-December-2018

First report of Bursaphelenchus antoniae from Pinus strobus in the U.S.

Juvenile, female and male nematodes were discovered in wood chips of white pine Pinus strobus from Ashley Falls, MA. Initial observations suggested these nematodes might be PWN, but closer morphological and molecular characterization proved otherwise. Comparison of measured features with those in the literature indicated this nematode population had some unique characteristics. The specimens were identified as Bursaphelenchus antoniae Penas et al., 2006 based on 18S rDNA molecular sequence vs

Lynn K. Carta, R. L. Wick

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 4, 473–478

Review | 18-October-2020

ABO blood group system: a rev i ew of molecular aspects

Marion E. Reid, Agnes Hallie Lee

Immunohematology, Volume 16 , ISSUE 1, 1–6

Research Article | 03-December-2018

Improved 18S small subunit rDNA primers for problematic nematode amplification

The 18S small subunit (SSU) ribosomal DNA sequence is one of the most useful molecular loci for identification and phylogeny reconstruction of agriculturally important nematodes. Various pairs of universal primers have been developed in the past to amplify short and long nematode sequences. However, certain nematode taxa were not readily amplified and/or sequenced with the existing primer tools. Frequently, the center region of a roughly 1,000 nucleotide segment would be lost. Therefore new

L. K. Carta, S. Li

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 4, 533–542

research-article | 30-November-2020

First report of Mesocriconema sphaerocephalum (Taylor, 1936) Loof, 1989 associated with wild grass in Botswana

. sphaerocephalum were deposited in GenBank under the accession numbers MW254991-MW254992 (18S rDNA) and MW256823-MW256824 (28S rDNA), respectively. Results and discussion Morphological characterization The morphological and molecular analyses confirmed that the species was M. sphaerocephalum. Measurements of M. sphaerocephalum in this study are in agreement with the measurement of M. sphaerocephalum in Geraert (2010) and Nguyen et al. (2019) (Table 1). Females of M. sphaerocephalum are characterized by

Ebrahim Shokoohi

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–5

Article | 03-December-2017

Morphological and Molecular Identification of Longidorus euonymus and Helicotylenchus multicinctus from the Rhizosphere of Grapevine and Banana in Greece

Plant-parasitic nematodes such as Longidorus euonymus and Helicotylenchus multicintctus are species widely distributed in central Europe as well as in Mediterranean area. In Greece, both species have been previously reported but no morphometrics or molecular data were available for these species. Nematode surveys in the rhizosphere of grapevines in Athens carried out in 2016 and 2017, yielded a Longidorus species identified as Longidorus euonymus. Similarly, a population of Helicotylenchus


Journal of Nematology, Volume 49 , ISSUE 3, 233–235

Original Paper | 09-October-2019

Modeling alloantibody formation to highincidence red blood cell antigens in immune responders using genotypic data  

Alloimmunization to red blood cell antigens is unpredictable and poorly understood. Patients who are negative for highincidence antigens (HIAs) are at risk for developing the corresponding antibodies. Molecular methods can easily predict the lack of an antigen and thus, the risk of an individual to become immunized. We examined the prevalence and risk factors for HIA alloimmunization in patients at risk based on genotyping results. Genotyping using a molecular method (HEA BeadChip&trade

Patricia A.R. Brunker, Keerthana Ravindran, R. Sue Shirey

Immunohematology, Volume 33 , ISSUE 1, 9–14

Review | 01-December-2019

The molecular basis of the LU:7 and LU:–7 phenotypes

The Lutheran blood group system currently consists of 20 antigens that have been assigned ISBT numbers. Of these, all but LU7 have been associated with one or more nucleotide changes in LU. The purpose of this study was to determine the molecular basis associated with the LU:–7 phenotype. We obtained a stored sample from one proband with this phenotype and sequenced LU. Using genomic DNA, exons 1 through 15, and their flanking intronic regions, of LU were amplified by polymerase-chain

Kim Hue-Roye, Marion E. Reid

Immunohematology, Volume 28 , ISSUE 4, 130–131

Research paper | 06-February-2018

Effects of individual stressors used in a battery of “chronic unpredictable stress” on long-term plasticity in the hippocampus of juvenile rats

Alexandra A. Gorbunova, Irina V. Kudryashova, Anna O. Manolova, Margarita R. Novikova, Mikhail Yu. Stepanichev, Natalia V. Gulyaeva

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 77 , ISSUE 3, 244–253

Research Article | 03-September-2018

Description of Longidorus azarbaijanensis n. sp. (Dorylaimida: Longidoridae) from Iran

Longidorus azarbaijanensis n. sp. is described and illustrated using morphological and molecular data. It was recovered in West Azarbaijan province, northwestern Iran, from the rhizospheric soil of foxtail weed. The new species is characterized by having 5.4 to 6.8 mm long females, offset, anteriorly flat lip region and separated from the rest of the body by a shallow constriction, funnel-shaped amphidial pouches, the guiding ring at 23 to 27 µm from the anterior end, 73 to 81 and 44 to 50 µm

Farshad Gharibzadeh, Ebrahim Pourjam, Majid Pedram

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 2, 207–218

Case report | 01-December-2019

Serologic and molecular characterization of D variants in Brazilians: impact for typing and transfusion strategy

Rh discrepancies are a problem during routine testing because of partial D or weak D phenotypes. Panels of monoclonal antibodies (MoAb) are being developed to identify D variants such as partial D and weak D when there are anomalous D typing results; however, molecular characterization offers a more specific classification of weak and partial D. The weak D and partial D phenotypes are caused by many different RHD alleles encoding aberrant D proteins, resulting in distinct serologic phenotypes

Débora Castilho Credidio, Jordão Pellegrino Jr., Lilian Castilho

Immunohematology, Volume 27 , ISSUE 1, 6–11

research-article | 24-April-2020

Cephalenchus driekieae n. sp. (Nematoda: Tylenchidae) from South Africa, a new member of the genus with a long pharyngeal overlap

, 20 km north of the town Lichtenburg (North-West Province, South Africa). In-depth investigations revealed that it belongs to an unknown species, being described herein as C. driekieae n. sp. Therefore, the present study aims to characterize this species using both traditional and molecular techniques and discuss its phylogenetic affinities using SSU and LSU markers. Materials and methods Nematode extraction and morphological studies Nematodes were extracted from the soil using the modified

Milad Rashidifard, Gerhard Du Preez, Joaquín Abolafia, Majid Pedram

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–10

research-article | 17-April-2019

First Report of Criconema demani from Russia

record of this species in Russia. Materials and Methods Nematodes were extracted from the soil samples using a modification of the decanting and sieving method (Flegg, 1967). For morphological studies, the nematodes were killed with hot water, fixed in 5 % formalin solution, and mounted in glycerin slides using the Seinhorst technique (Seinhorst, 1959). For molecular studies, nematodes were fixed with 96% ethanol. Their total DNA was extracted using the K-Sorb kit (Syntol LLC, Russia) according to

Sergei Tabolin, Irina Markina

Journal of Nematology, Volume 51 , 1–4

research-article | 30-November-2020

First report of rice root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne graminicola, infecting Juncus microcephalus in Brazil

Cristiano Bellé, Paulo Sergio dos Santos, Tiago Edu Kaspary

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–4

research-article | 30-March-2020

First report of Bursaphelenchus fungivorus (Nematoda: Aphelenchida) in Italy and an overview of nematodes associated with Crocus sativus L.

time in Italy, and, in particular, associated with C. sativus corms. Morphometrical and molecular characterization of the nematode is given. In addition, a review of nematodes associated with plants of C. sativus worldwide is provided. Material and methods Collecting corms and nematodes extraction In September 2018, 20 corms of Crocus sativus were collected by the Plant Protection Service of Lazio Region on the farm “Arte Zafferano” located in Terracina (Latina, Lazio, Central Italy), in the

Giulia Torrini, Agostino Strangi, Stefania Simoncini, Maria Luppino, Pio Federico Roversi, Leonardo Marianelli

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–11

research-article | 06-November-2020

Morphological and molecular analyses of a Meloidogyne mali population with high intragenomic rRNA polymorphism

, 1991) and populus in Henan province (Li and Yu, 1991), both descriptions lack detailed morphological or molecular data, and neither citrus nor populus are known to be the host of M. mali. Thus, the presence of M. mali in China remains questionable, as does the suitability of citrus and populus as hosts. Due to its wide host and broad distribution, M. mali was placed on the EPPO Alert List in 2014. Intragenomic polymorphisms have been found in various plant–parasitic nematode taxa, including genera

Jianfeng Gu, Yiwu Fang, Lele Liu

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–11

research-article | 30-November-2018

Integrative taxonomy of Xiphinema histriae and Xiphinema lapidosum from Spain

population of Xiphinema lapidosum was identified in association with Olea europaea subsp. europaea L. Lamberti et al. (1993a, 1993b) and Roca and Bravo (1993) described female and male stages of X. histriae and X. lapidosum, respectively, but in both species no juvenile stages were detected and described. The objectives of this study were: (i) to provide updated morphological descriptions of juvenile stages of X. histriae and X. lapidosum, (ii) to characterize the molecular data of both species using the

Ruihang Cai, Antonio Archidona-Yuste, Carolina Cantalapiedra-Navarrete, Juan E. Palomares-Rius, Jingwu Zheng, Pablo Castillo

Journal of Nematology, Volume 51 , 1–21

Research Article | 03-September-2018

Nothotylenchus andrassy n. sp. (Nematoda: Anguinidae) from Northern Iran

Nothotylenchus andrassy n. sp. is described and illustrated from moss (Sphagnum sp.) based on morphology and molecular analyses. Morphologically, this new species is characterized by a medium body size, six incisures in the lateral fields, and a delicate stylet (8–9 µm long) with clearly defined knobs. Pharynx with fusiform, valveless, non-muscular and sometimes indistinct median bulb. Basal pharyngeal bulb elongated and offset from the intestine; a long post-vulval uterine sac (55% of vulva to

Parisa Jalalinasab, Mohsen Nassaj Hosseini, Ramin Heydari

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 2, 219–228

research-article | 30-November-2019

Molecular identification of Bursaphelenchus cocophilus associated to oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) crops in Tibu (North Santander, Colombia)

, covered vulva by a protuding anterior vulvar lip, presence of a long post-uterine sac, a narrow and elongated tail with a clindroid and rounded terminus (Opperman, 1995). Currently, DNA sequences of segment D2-D3, Internal Transcribed Spacer-(ITS) of ribosomal RNA and Cytochrome oxidase subunit I-COI of mitochondrial DNA have been obtained for B. cocophilus in coconut palm and deposited in public molecular databases, which are used as a reference for the identification of the nematode (Ye et al., 2007

Greicy Andrea Sarria, Donald Riascos-Ortiz, Hector Camilo Medina, Yuri Mestizo, Gerardo Lizarazo, Francia Varón De Agudelo

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–12

Research Article | 03-December-2018

First report of Pratylenchus vulnus associated with apple in Tunisia

The root-lesion nematode of the genus Pratylenchus Filipjev (1936) has a worldwide distribution and cause severe production constraints on numerous important crops. In 2013-14, during a survey of the apple nurseries and orchards in center of Tunisia (Kairouan, Zaghouan, Monastir and Kasserine), 70 different roots and soil samples were collected. The populations of root-lesion nematode were identified on the basis of their morphological and morphometric characters, and by molecular methods

Noura Chihani-Hammas, Lobna Hajji-Hedfi, Hajer Regaieg, Asma Larayedh, Ahmed Badiss, Yu Qing, Horrigue-Raouani Najet

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 4, 579–586

Article | 21-April-2020

Novel molecular basis of an Inab phenotype  

daughter was also studied. Sequence analysis revealed a substitution of 508C>T in exon 4 of DAF in the proband. The proband’s daughter was heterozygous for 508C/T. This study describes an Inab phenotype in which the 508C>T nonsense mutation is predicted to change arginine at amino acid residue 136 to a stop codon. This change is in SCR 3 of DAF . This study reports on the molecular basis of a new proband with the Inab phenotype who had no history of intestinal disorders.

Kim Hue-Roye, Vivien E. Powell, Gita Patel, Debra Lane, Mariska Maguire, Amy Chung, Marion E. Reid

Immunohematology, Volume 21 , ISSUE 2, 53–55

research-article | 30-November-2020

Description of Longidorella (Saevadorella) caspica n. sp. (Dorylaimida: Nordiidae) from north Iran

.) murithi (Altherr, 1950) as follow. From L. (E.) deliblatica by a longer body (788-874 vs 602-700 μm), slightly longer odontostyle (32-33 vs 26.8-31.4 μm) and odontophore (33-38 vs 22.4-30.0 μm), narrower tail tip (vs wider) and almost slender spiclues (vs with deep hollow). From L. (E.) murithi by a cephalic region separated from the rest body by a sharp constriction (vs not), shorter odontostyle (32-33 vs 40-44 μm) and tail tip not remarkably narrowing (Andrássy, 2009). Molecular phylogenetic

Fariba Heydari, Mohammad Reza Atighi, Ebrahim Pourjam, Majid Pedram

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–11

Research Article | 03-September-2018

First Report of Carrot Cyst Nematode Heterodera carotae in Mexico: Morphological, Molecular Characterization, and Host Range Study

During 2008 to 2016 in several nematological surveys in the Tepeaca Valley, Puebla, Mexico, carrot cyst nematode, Heterodera carotae was found parasitizing carrots, Daucus carota. The nematode was present in 61% of the sampled fields with high population densities, causing severe carrot yield losses in the Tepeaca Valley. The aim of this work was to study morphology, morphometrics, host range, and molecular characterization of the nematode. The morphological and morphometric characterization

Ilia Mariana Escobar-Avila, Edgar Óliver López-Villegas, Sergei A. Subbotin, Alejandro Tovar-Soto

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 2, 229–242

Article | 03-December-2017

Taxonomy and Systematics of the Genus Makatinus Heyns, 1965 (Nematoda: Dorylaimida: Aporcelaimidae)

The taxonomy and the systematics of the genus Makatinus are discussed by means of the characterization of its morphological pattern and the first molecular (D2–D3 expansion segments of 28S rDNA) analysis of a representative of this taxon, Makatinus crassiformis from Costa Rica. The presence of two or more pairs of male ad-cloacal genital papillae is the most characteristic autapomorphy of the genus, but the status of its species on this concern differ among them. Both morphological and


Journal of Nematology, Volume 49 , ISSUE 3, 245–253

Article | 21-July-2017

Morphological and Molecular Characterization of Gracilacus wuae n. sp. (Nematoda: Criconematoidea) Associated with Cow Parsnip (Heracleum maximum) in Ontario, Canada


Journal of Nematology, Volume 48 , ISSUE 3, 203–213

Article | 26-October-2020

DNA from urine sediment or buccal cells can be used for blood group molecular genotyping

Accurate blood group antigen typing of red blood cells with a positive direct antiglobulin test or from a recently transfused patient has been a long-standing problem. To overcome this problem, we evaluated the feasibility of using somatic cells as a source of DNA for molecular genotyping. Two sources of cells that could be obtained by noninvasive procedures were chosen for analysis: urine samples, which were already available in the clinical laboratory, and buccal epithelial cells collected

Marion E. Reid, Maria J. Rios, Kevin L. Cash, Annie M. Strupp, Joan M. Uehlinger

Immunohematology, Volume 15 , ISSUE 2, 61–65

research-article | 24-April-2020

First report of molecular characterization and phylogeny of Trichuris fossor Hall, 1916 (Nematoda: Trichuridae)

, 1993). Descriptions have been based on morphology and host preference and Trichuris from geomyid hosts have never been sequenced (Eberhardt et al., 2019). The aim of this study was to serve as the first molecular report for T. fossor. The 18S rRNA gene was sequenced for four specimens identified putatively as T. fossor collected from separate Thomomys (western pocket gophers) species hosts. Materials and methods Thomomys bulbivorus (Richardson, 1829; Brandt, 1855) were salvaged from trappers

Malorri R. Hughes, Deborah A. Duffield, Dana K. Howe, Dee R. Denver

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–6

original-paper | 31-October-2019

Molecular Identification of Vibrio alginolyticus Causing Vibriosis in Shrimp and Its Herbal Remedy

, V. fluvialis, and V. alginolyticus are reported as the causative agents of vibriosis in shrimp (de la Pena et al. 1993; Karunasagar et al. 1994; Lee et al. 1996; Lightner 1996; Austin and Zhang 2006; Chatterjee and Halder 2012). No molecular level study has so far been conducted to precisely identify the causal agent of vibrio sis in shrimp in Bangladesh and the required effective management for this worrisome disease. A number of antibiotics and chemotherapeutic agents have been used in shrimp


Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 68 , ISSUE 4, 429–438

Report | 25-March-2020

The potential of blood group genotyping for transfusion medicine practice

Molecular diagnostics is the fastest growing area of clinical laboratory medicine.  The ability to rapidly amplify genes of bacterial, viral, or human origin, and the development of DNA array platforms, are driving a technology revolution in the clinical laboratory.  A DNA-based testing approach is particularly applicable to blood bank and transfusion medicine for rapid, cost-effective antigen typing.  Experience with DNA-based methods during the past decade has shown that these

Connie M. Westhoff

Immunohematology, Volume 24 , ISSUE 4, 190–195

research-article | 30-November-2019

First report of Meloidogyne javanica infecting Zinnia elegans in Ceará State, Brazil

were prepared according to Taylor and Netscher (1974). The determination of the esterase profile was made according to Carneiro and Almeida (2001), using 20 female. For molecular identification, the D2 to D3 region of 28S rDNA segment was amplified and sequenced using the primers D2A (5′-ACAAGTACCGTGAGGGAAAGTTG-3′) and D3B (5′-TCGGAAGGAACCAGCTACTA-3′) (De Ley et al., 1999) and ITS primers with VRAIN2F (5′-CTTTGTACACACCGCCCGTCGCT-3′) and VRAIN2R (5′-TTTCACTCGCCGTTACTAAGGGAATC-3′) (Vrain et al., 1992

Francisco Jorge Carlos Souza Junior, Mayara Castro Assunção

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–4

Article | 21-July-2017

Molecular and Morphological Characterization of Aphelenchoides fuchsi sp. n. (Nematoda: Aphelenchoididae) Isolated from Pinus eldarica in Western Iran


Journal of Nematology, Volume 48 , ISSUE 1, 34–42

Report | 25-March-2020

Principles of PCR-based assays

molecular testing, popular because they analyze multiple nucleotides in a single assay and have a high-throughput potential.  This review briefly describes the principles of PCR-based assays that are commonly used in transfusion medicine.

Kim Hue-Roye, Sunitha Vege

Immunohematology, Volume 24 , ISSUE 4, 170–175

research-article | 31-August-2020

First report of potato rot nematode, Ditylenchus destructor Thorne, 1945 infecting Codonopsis pilosula in Gansu province, China

Chunhui Ni, Shuling Zhang, Huixia Li, Yonggang Liu, Wenhao Li, Xuefen Xu, Zhipeng Xu

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–2

Article | 04-December-2017

A New Species of the Rare Genus Anguillonema Fuchs, 1938 (Nematoda: Hexatylina, Sphaerularioidea) with Its Molecular Phylogenetic Study

Abstract: Anguillonema amolensis n. sp. is described and illustrated based on its morphological, morphometric, and molecular characters. The new species is characterized by its 575 to 820 mm long and wide body (body width at vulva = 30 to 59 mm), irregularly ventrally curved after fixation, five to six lines in lateral fields, 6.0 to 7.5 mm long stylet with small rounded knobs, pharynx lacking median bulb, pharyngo-intestinal junction anterior to nerve ring and excretory pore, females with


Journal of Nematology, Volume 49 , ISSUE 3, 286–294

Research Article | 26-September-2018

Occurrence of Sheraphelenchus sucus (Nematoda: Aphelenchoidinae) and Panagrellus sp. (Rhabditida: Panagrolaimidae) Associated with Decaying Pomegranate Fruit in Italy

Two different nematode species were recovered from pomegranate decaying fruit in two localities in Southern Italy: the mycetophagus nematode Sheraphelenchus sucus and a bacterial feeder nematode belonging to the Panagrolaimidae (Rhabditida) family. Morphometrics of the Italian population of S. sucus closely resemble that of the type population, whereas some differences were found when compared with another population from Iran. Molecular characterization of the Italian S. sucus using the 18S


Journal of Nematology, Volume 49 , ISSUE 4, 418–426

Article | 14-October-2020

Low-incidence MNS antigens associated with single amino acid changes and their susceptibility to enzyme treatment

MNS antigens are carried on glycophorin A (GPA), glycophorin B (GPB), or their variants. Antigens at the N-terminus of GPA are sensitive to cleavage by ficin, papain, and trypsin but are resistant to α-chymotrypsin. Antigens at the N-terminus of GPB are sensitive to cleavage by ficin, papain, and α-chymotrypsin but are resistant to trypsin treatment. These characteristics have been used to aid in the identification of blood group alloantibodies. Recent molecular analyses have

Marion E. Reid, Jill Storry

Immunohematology, Volume 17 , ISSUE 3, 76–81

research-article | 30-November-2020

Detection of Pratylenchus zeae and P. brachyurus parasitizing plants from the caatinga biome, Ceará, Brazil

, and Pilosocereus gounellei in the municipality of Iguatu, CE (6° 25′18.7″S 39° 19′57.8″W). The samples were processed to extract the nematodes from the roots (Coolen and D´Herde, 1972) and soil (Jenkins, 1964). For morphological characterization, the specimens were killed in a water bath (55°C) and fixed in formalin-acetic acid (Goodey, 1957). The morphometric characteristics and De Man (1880) (V%, a, b, b′, c, and c′) were obtained from adult females (Castillo and Vovlas, 2007). The molecular

Francisco Jorge Carlos Souza Junior, Mayara Castro Assunção

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–5

research-article | 30-November-2019

Oostenbrinkia pedrami n. sp. (Dorylaimida: Aulolaimoididae) from Iran, with molecular phylogenetic relationships to some other Dorylaimida Pearse, 1942

natural forests of Mazandaran province in north Iran. The comparisons with two currently valid species under the genus revealed that it belongs to an unknown species, described herein as Oostenbrinkia pedrami n. sp. The molecular phylogenetic analysis for the new species, as the first representative of the family, was also performed. Materials and methods Sampling, nematode extraction, mounting, and drawing Several soil samples were collected from natural forests and grasslands of Mazandaran

Farahnaz Jahanshahi Afshar

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–7

research-article | 06-November-2020

Morphological and molecular characterizations of Heterodera oryzae in Korea

. Species identification using morphological characters alone is very difficult and does not give correct results. A combination of both morphological and molecular approaches is very crucial for proper and accurate identification (Subbotin et al., 2015). The use of mitochondrial DNA cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (mtCOI) gene, ITS region, and D2-D3 expansion segments of 28S rDNA region sequences are trending today in molecular and phylogenetic studies (Hajibabaei et al., 2007; Subbotin et al., 2007

Rose Mwesige, Eun-Hwa Kim, Eun-Hyung Park, Hyoung-Rai Ko

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–12

research-article | 30-March-2020

Characterization of Vittatidera zeaphila (Nematoda: Heteroderidae) from Indiana with molecular phylogenetic analysis of the genus

Globally, cyst nematodes species cause serious damage to a wide variety of economically important crops. The need for information on cyst-forming nematode species has been instrumental in stimulating growth of nematology worldwide. The cyst nematode group currently contains eight genera, with a total of 121 valid species (Handoo and Subbotin, 2018). The general morphology and molecular taxonomy and phylogeny of cyst nematodes have been given in detail in two recent review articles (Baldwin and

Andrea M. Skantar, Zafar A. Handoo, Mihail R. Kantor, Lynn K. Carta, Jamal Faghihi, Virginia Ferris

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–8

Research Article | 17-October-2018

Morphological and Molecular Characterization of Labrys filiformis n. sp. (Rhabditida: Tylenchidae) from Iran

Labrys filiformis n. sp., the second species of the rare genus Labrys, was recovered from natural forests of Gilan province and is described based upon morphological and molecular characters. The new species is characterized by its smooth cuticle under light microscopy, lateral field with two incisures forming a single plain band, lip region continuous with body contour, dorso-ventrally flattened and forming four poorly prominent lobes, having a dorso-ventrally narrower protuberant labial plate

Yousef Panahandeh, Joaquín Abolafia, Ebrahim Pourjam, Robin M. Giblin-Davis, Farahnaz Jahanshahi Afshar, Majid Pedram

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 3, 343–354

Short Communication | 28-June-2017

Morphological and Molecular Characterization of Phoma complanata, a New Causal Agent of Archangelica officinalis Hoffm. in Poland

The paper concerns the fungus Phoma complanata, isolated for the first time in Poland, from the roots and umbels of angelica (Archangelica officinalis) in 2009. The morphology of fungal isolates was tested on standard culture media. Moreover, the sequence analysis of ITS regions was conducted. Morphological similarity of P. complanata Polish isolates to the reference isolate obtained from CBS culture collection was determined and together with the molecular analysis confirmed the affiliation of

Beata Zimowska, Ewa Dorota Zalewska, Ewa Dorota Król, Agnieszka Furmańczyk

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 66 , ISSUE 2, 281–285

research-article | 13-April-2020

First molecular characterization of an Iranian population of Schistonchus caprifici (Gasparrini, 1864) Cobb, 1927 (Rhabditida; Aphelenchoidea)

Goldansaz, 1998; Pakniyat and Taghizadeh, 2000; Namjoo et al., 2019) with no morphological and morphometric data. However, the morphological characters and morphometric data were provided for an Iranian population of the species by Kolaei et al. (2016) from Kerman. The genera Aprutides and Schistonchus were not characterized from Iran with molecular data, unlike the other previously mentioned genera. Based on a recovered population of S. caprifici from syconia of Ficus carica collected from a fig garden

Hadi Karimipour Fard, Hamid Zare

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–3

research-article | 30-November-2019

First report of Xiphinema hunaniense Wang & Wu, 1992 (Nematoda: Longidoridae) in Vietnam

overlapping morphometrics of some species groups in the genus Xiphinema make quarantine regulations and protection methods more difficult. Therefore, accurate identification of Xiphinema species using integrate approach is strongly recommended to create a basis for plant pest management. In Vietnam, eight species of the genus Xiphinema have been reported, however, molecular identification are not available for most of them (Nguyen and Nguyen, 2000), and thus, a higher diversity of Xiphinema spp. is

Huu Tien Nguyen, Thi Duyen Nguyen, Thi Mai Linh Le, Quang Phap Trinh

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–4

research-article | 17-March-2020

Molecular and morphological characterization of the alfalfa cyst nematode, Heterodera medicaginis, from Utah

report of the alfalfa cyst nematode in North America was reported in Kansas by Powers et al. (2019). Previously, unpublished records of this cyst species reproducing on alfalfa indicated the presence of this nematode in the Great Plains states of Kansas and Montana (Powers et al., 2019). The soil sample was collected from Delta, Utah (Millard county) and sent to University of Idaho for initial evaluation, after which it was submitted to USDA-ARS in Beltsville, MD for morphological and molecular

Zafar A. Handoo, Andrea M. Skantar, Saad L. Hafez, Mihail R. Kantor, Maria N. Hult, Stephen A. Rogers

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–4

research-article | 30-November-2018

Morphological and Molecular Characterization of Coslenchus paramaritus n. sp. and C. cancellatus (Cobb, 1925) Siddiqi, 1978 (Nematoda: Tylenchidae) from Iran

Province, southwestern Iran. Voucher specimens including 12 females were deposited in the collection of the Department of Plant Protection, College of Agriculture, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran. Molecular phylogenetic status The amplification of D2-D3 expansion fragments of 28S rRNA gene sequences of C. paramaritus n. sp. and C. cancellatus yielded a single fragment of 736 (after editing 635) and 751 (after editing 642) bp, respectively. The D2-D3 expansion fragment of 28S rRNA alignment

Manouchehr Hosseinvand, Ali Eskandari, Reza Ghaderi

journal of nematology, Volume 51 , 1–10

research-article | 30-November-2020

First report of Cactodera milleri Graney and Bird, 1990 from Colorado and Minnesota

county, Colorado, USA. A, B: J2 anterior ends; C, D: J2 tails; E: J2 lateral field; F: Cyst posterior (ventral view); G: Cyst cone mount. Representative J2 from two CO isolates and three MN isolates were used for molecular confirmation of the species, using two ribosomal genes (internal transcribed spacer, ITS 1 and 2 and large ribosomal subunit, 28S), one nuclear gene (partial heat shock protein 90, Hsp90), and one mitochondrial gene (partial cytochrome oxidase I, COI). Markers were amplified

Andrea M. Skantar, Zafar A. Handoo, Mihail R. Kantor, Saad L. Hafez, Maria N. Hult, Kathryn Kromroy, Kimberly Sigurdson, Michelle Grabowski

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–7

research-article | 30-November-2019

Description of Deladenus brevis n. sp. (Sphaerularioidea: Neotylenchidae) from Iran: a morphological and molecular phylogenetic study

has two entomoparasitic and free-living mycetophagous generations (Siddiqi, 2000). The list of the valid species under the genus is given by several authors (Siddiqi, 2000; Miraeiz et al., 2017; Yu et al., 2017; Morris et al., 2018). Almost all old species under the genus have been established based upon traditional approaches. On the contrary, several recently described species include molecular data (e.g., Yu et al., 2009, 2011, 2013, 2014; Morris et al., 2013; Tomar et al., 2015; Kanzaki et al

Fariba Heydari, Joaquín Abolafia, Majid Pedram

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–13

Original Paper | 15-March-2016

Biochemical and Molecular Characterization of Carotenogenic Flavobacterial Isolates from Marine Waters

Carotenoids are known to possess immense nutraceutical properties and microorganisms are continuously being explored as natural source for production of carotenoids. In this study, pigmented bacteria belonging to Flavobacteriaceae family were isolated using kanamycin-containing marine agar and identified using the molecular techniques and their phenotypic characteristics were studied along with their potential to produce carotenoids. Analysis of random amplification of polymorphic DNA (RAPD

Rama Sowmya, Nakkarike M. Sachindra

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 65 , ISSUE 1, 77–88

research-article | 30-November-2019

First report of Meloidogyne hapla on kiwifruit in South Africa

glycerin using De Grisse’s (1969) method. The characteristics perineal patterns of the second-stage juvenile (J2) were used to identify the test Meloidogyne species (Perry et al., 2009). Figure 1: Meloidogyne hapla Chitwood, 1949. (A) Roots of kiwi tree affected. (B) Mature female on the root. The molecular characterization followed the methods described in Álvarez-Ortega et al. (2019). The ribosomal ITS and LSU sequences were analyzed and aligned using the program BioEdit (Hall, 1999), aligned

Ebrahim Shokoohi, Phatu W. Mashela

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–5

research-article | 06-November-2020

Morphological and molecular characterization of Epidorylaimus procerus sp. n. (Dorylaimida: Qudsianematidae) from Vietnam

). From the Russian species E. rivalis, it differs in being longer (2.16-2.46 vs 1.46-2.29 mm, n = 15), the lip region is less differentiated (weak vs deep constriction), and it has a longer odontostyle (32-35 vs 28-30 µm). Males of E. rivalis are as abundant as females, whereas they are unknown in E. procerus n. sp. and thus likely to be rare or absent. Evolutionary relationships, as derived from the analysis of D2-D3 28S-rRNA gene sequences, are presented in a molecular tree (Fig. 3). The new

Thi Anh Duong Nguyen, Reyes Peña-Santiago

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–8

research-article | 30-November-2019


removed and, as wet gas, enters condenser (5). In this place gas is cooled down and water vapor condenses. Liquid is taken out in water knock out (6). After that gas is compressed in a compressor (7) to compensate losses in the unit and equalize pressure with raw gas. At the end it is reinjected to the stream coming from well [15]. Figure 3. Scheme of adsorption drying process (source: [15]) The most commonly used adsorbents in gas drying processes are silica gel (SiO2), molecular sieves (zeolites


Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 13 , ISSUE 3, 73–83

original-paper | 22-October-2019

Molecular Epidemiology of Hepatitis B Virus in Turkish Cypriot

concluded that the overall HBsAg positivity rate for the TRNC is 1.2% (Arikan et al. 2016). There is a high demand for genotype information and investigation regarding HBV infected individuals. This importance rules to be informed regarding molecular and epidemiological specifications. As with the aim of this importance, we have aimed to analyze the dispersion of genotype/subgenotype/serotype together with pol gene mutations, which are related to NA therapy, and S gene mutations. Experimental


Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 68 , ISSUE 4, 449–456

Original Paper | 28-December-2016

Gas Gangrene of Different Origin Associated with Clostridium perfringens Type A in Three Patients Simultaneously Hospitalized in a Single Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology in Poland

The objective of the study was to perform a comparative analysis of phenotypic and genetic similarity, determination of resistance profiles, detection of toxin-encoding genes and molecular typing of Clostridium perfringens isolates originating from patients with gas gangrene. The study encompassed three patients with a clinical and microbiological diagnosis of gas gangrene who were hospitalized in one of the hospitals of the Kujawsko-Pomorskie province in the same period of time between 8th

Monika Brzychczy-Włoch, Dorota Ochońska, Anna Piotrowska, Małgorzata Bulanda

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 65 , ISSUE 4, 399–406

Article | 04-January-2021


production, breeding failure, and abortion in the domestic animals infected with Brucella spp. [12]. The development of DNA markers and molecular biology techniques are important tools for genomics-based studies in animal biotechnology [13]. It has led to genetic improvement and markers now help in the selection of best quality breeds of animals. Over the last 20 years, DNA markers have resulted in tremendous genetic improvement in farm animals. Recent developments in molecular biology techniques have

Sulaiman Mohammed Abu Sulayman, Roop Singh Bora, Jamal S.M. Sabir, Mohamed Morsi M. Ahmed

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 59 , ISSUE 4, 337–344

Article | 21-July-2017

Description of Enchodorus yeatsi n. sp. (Dorylaimida, Nordiidae) from Southern Iran and Its Molecular Phylogenetic Study

Enchodorus yeatsi n. sp., a new species of the rare genus Enchodorus is described and illustrated based on its morphological and molecular characters. It was recovered from southern Iran. Females of the new species are characterized by having 1,511.3- to 1,792.5-mm long slender body, angular lip region having prominent papillae, 12- to 13-mm long odontostyle, double guiding ring, simple rod-like odontophore, didelphic–amphidelphic reproductive system, and 102- to 160-mm


Journal of Nematology, Volume 49 , ISSUE 1, 21–26

research-article | 28-April-2020

Morphological and molecular characterization of Acrobeloides saeedi Siddiqi, De Ley and Khan, 1992 (Rhabditida, Cephalobidae) from India and comments on its status

Rafiqius to include A. saeedi and other morphological related species as A. bodenheimeri (Steiner, 1936; Thorne, 1937). This newly proposed genus was differentiated from Acrobeloides (Cobb, 1924) according to the morphology of the lip region, having seta-like processes at labial primary axils. However, the creation of this new genus was considered unjustified by De Ley et al. (1999). Unfortunately, none of these studies provided molecular study. Figure 1: Acrobeloides saeedi (isolate KMW) (Siddiqi

Aasha Rana, Aashaq Hussain Bhat, Suman Bhargava, Ashok Kumar Chaubey, Joaquín Abolafia

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–21

Original Paper | 04-September-2018

Carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii from Air and Patients of Intensive Care Units

To understand the molecular epidemiology and antibiotic resistance of air and clinical isolates of Acinetobacter baumannii, the intensive care unit settings of a hospital in Northern China were surveyed in 2014. Twenty non-duplicate A. baumannii isolates were obtained from patients and five isolates of airborne A. baumannii were obtained from the wards’ corridors. Pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and multilocus sequence typing (MLST) were used to analyze the homology relationships of


Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 67 , ISSUE 3, 333–338

research-article | 30-November-2018

Morpho-molecular characterization of Colombian and Brazilian populations of Rotylenchulus associated with Musa spp

., 2004; Jones et al., 2013). While numerous reports of Rotylenchulus associated with Musa spp. in Colombia exist (Zuñiga et al., 1979; Barriga and Cubillos, 1980; Curiel and Ospino, 2001; Gómez, 2001; Guzmán et al., 2012), detailed morphological, morphometric, and molecular data were not included. Thus, in Colombia, there is limited knowledge as to which species of Rotylenchulus are associated with Musa spp. which impedes the deployment of effective management strategies to control the species. To

Donald Riascos-Ortiz, Ana Teresa Mosquera-Espinosa, Francia Varón De Agudelo, Claudio Marcelo Gonçalves de Oliveira, Jaime Eduardo Muñoz-Flórez

Journal of Nematology, Volume 51 , 1–13

Article | 21-July-2017

Assessment of Globodera pallida RNA Extracted from Solanum Roots

results once the animals entered their hosts’ roots. We have compared several extraction procedures to ascertain whether a single protocol was capable of recovering high-quality, high-molecular-weight RNA from newly hatched J2 larva as well as from larva embedded in roots of both potatoes (Solanum tuberosum L. cv. Desiree) and a very distantly related species, Solanum sisymbriifolium. Although it was possible to recover large amounts of RNA from J2 larvae using Proteinase K


Journal of Nematology, Volume 49 , ISSUE 1, 12–20

Research Article | 03-September-2018

Morphological Re-Description and 18 S rDNA Sequence Confirmation of the Pinworm Aspiculuris tetraptera (Nematoda, Heteroxynematidae) Infecting the Laboratory Mice Mus musculus

study. Molecular characterization based on 18SSU rDNA sequencing performed to confirm the taxonomic position of this species and to documents the morphological data. Sequence alignment detects a percent of identity up to 88.0% with other Heteroxynematidae species. Phylogenetic analysis showed that the present recorded is a putative sister taxon to A. tetraptera recorded in a previous study. The SSU rDNA sequence has been deposited in the GenBank under the accession no. MG019400.

Rewaida Abdel-Gaber, Fathy Abdel-Ghaffar, Saleh Al Quraishy, Kareem Morsy, Rehab Saleh, Heinz Mehlhorn

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 2, 117–132

Review | 20-March-2020

MNS blood group system: a review

between the glycophorin genes. Antigens in the MNS system are fully developed at birth. This review summarizes aspects of the MNS system, including the molecular basis of some antigens in the MNS blood group system. Readers are referred to existing excellent reviews for background information.1–9 Throughout this document, information given without references can be found in the reviews listed previously, and the reader is referred to these reviews for references to original reports.

Marion E. Reid

Immunohematology, Volume 25 , ISSUE 3, 95–101

research-article | 26-March-2021

First report on molecular identification of Anisakis simplex in Oncorhynchus nerka from the fish market, with taxonomical issues within Anisakidae

parasites, and opportunities to influence the changes taking place in their ethology, pathogenesis, evolution, and divergence. A solid and clear taxonomic framework is necessary for examine the basic biology of the parasites, and establish the control system in epidemiology and medicine. Thus, the scope of this study was to accurately identify species of nematodes found in minced salmon O. nerka using the molecular genetics methods and reconstruct phylogenetic relationships within the family Anisakidae

Alina E. Safonova, Anastasia N. Voronova, Konstantin S. Vainutis

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–10

Research Article | 31-May-2018

Delatylus andersoni n. gen., n. sp. (Nematoda: Neotylenchidae) Isolated from White Pine (Pinus monticola) Lumber from USA and Intercepted in Ningbo, China

opening large, and relative proximity of vulva to the anus. Detailed morphological and molecular characterization of the new genus/species is presented along with the comparison of the related genera.

Qing Yu, Maria Munawar, Jianfeng Gu, Weimin Ye

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 1, 69–76

Article | 21-July-2017

Morphological and Molecular Characterization of Two Aphelenchoides Endophytic in Poplar Leaves

northwestern North America were discovered. Nematodes were identified and characterized microscopically and molecularly with 28S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) and 18S rRNA molecular markers. From P. angustifolia, Aphelenchoides saprophilus was inferred to be closest to another population of A. saprophilus among sequenced taxa in the 18S tree. From P. trichocarpa, Laimaphelenchus heidelbergi had a 28S sequence only 1 bp different from that of a Portuguese population, and 1 bp different from the


Journal of Nematology, Volume 48 , ISSUE 1, 28–33

research-article | 25-May-2020

Description and molecular phylogeny of Mesocriconema abolafiai n. sp. (Nematoda: Criconematidae) from Iran

) analysis (Powers et al., 2016). Mesocriconema nebraskense (Olson et al., 2017) was described as a monosexual, cryptic species sympatrically distributed with its cryptic counterpart, M. curvatum (Raski, 1952; Loof and De Grisse, 1989; Olson et al., 2017). In this paper, we describe the new species M. abolafiai n. sp., based on morphological and molecular characteristics. Material and methods Nematode populations and morphological characterization The specimens were recovered from two localities in

Hossein Mirbabaei Karani, Ali Eskandari, Reza Ghaderi, Akbar Karegar

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–17

research-article | 17-March-2020

Molecular approach to confirm traditional identification of Radopholus similis sampled in Tanzania

., 2016). Thus, additional identification methods, particularly molecular-based identification, which requires a small amount of nucleic acid extracted from a single individual, will allow more accurate nematode identification, regardless of developmental stage (Handoo et al., 2016). The present study aimed to characterize R. similis using a combined morphological and morphometric approach and to confirm its identity using rDNA sequencing. Materials and methods Nematode populations We collected 314

Doreen M. Mgonja, Gladness E. Temu, Joseph C. Ndunguru, Magreth F. Mziray, Sylvester L. Lyantagaye, Nessie D. Luambano

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–8

Original Paper | 26-August-2016

Molecular Characterization of Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia coli Strains Isolated in Poland

using microarrays technology confirmed high effectiveness of this method in determining STEC virulotypes which provides data suitable for molecular risk assessment of the potential virulence of this bacteria.

Aleksandra Januszkiewicz, Waldemar Rastawicki

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 65 , ISSUE 3, 261–269

research-article | 30-November-2020

First report and new molecular and morphological characterizations of root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne javanica, infecting ginger and long coriander in Vietnam

morphological features only (Nguyen and Nguyen, 2000), except for the recent report of M. javanica on black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) applied specific primers in identifying this species (Nguyen et al., 2020). In the past, Meloidogyne species were identified using morphological and morphometric characterizations, and consequently, a large number of Meloidogyne spp. were described without molecular data (Karssen, 2002; Perry et al., 2009). Although molecular approach has facilitated the identification process

Ke Long Phan, Thi Mai Linh LE, Huu Tien Nguyen, Thi Duyen Nguyen, Quang Phap Trinh

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–8

Article | 01-April-2020

Serologic and molecular characterization of the B(A) blood group in the Chinese population

resolve blood donor typing problems caused by B(A) alleles,a serologic and molecular study of nine unrelated Chinese individuals and three families carrying B(A) alleles was conducted. Allele B(A)02 with a 700C>G mutation,allele B(A)04 with a single 640A>G substitution, and allele B(A)05 with a 641T>C mutation were detected in multigenerational families and unrelated blood donors. Neither the B(A)01 nor B(A)03 alleles with 703A>G substitutions were observed in this study. In addition, a

Zhong-Hui Guo, Dong Xiang, Zi-Yan Zhu, Xi Liu, He-Ping Chen, Jian-Lian Wang, Da-Zhuang Liu, Tong-Mao Zhao

Immunohematology, Volume 23 , ISSUE 2, 69–74

Research Article | 03-September-2018

Molecular Characterization and Phylogeny of Ditylenchus weischeri from Cirsium arvense in the Prairie Provinces of Canada

molecular analysis of many D. weischeri specimens from Canada is presented. Individuals from 41C. arvense or yellow pea grain samples with seeds of C. arvense from the Prairie Provinces were sequenced for the internal transcribed spacer (ITS rDNA), large subunit (LSU) D2D3 28S rDNA, partial segment of small subunit (SSU) 18S rDNA, and the heat shock protein Hsp90 gene. The analysis also included D. weischeri individuals from C. arvense from Russia and garlic with D. dipsaci from the Provinces of Ontario

Mehrdad Madani, Mario Tenuta

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 2, 163–182

research-article | 30-November-2019

Morphological and molecular characterization of Pratylenchus species from Yam (Dioscorea spp.) in West Africa

, before DNA extraction (see Table 1). Molecular characterization Following morphological identification, the same individual nematodes were picked from temporary slides and used for extraction of genomic DNA using a quick alkaline lysis protocol (Janssen et al., 2016). DNA was amplified by preparing 24 μl PCR master mix comprising 16 μl double sterilized distilled water, 2.5 μl 10x buffers, 2 μl MgCl2, 0.05 μl of dNTP (10 mM), 1 μl of reverse and forward primers, 0.05 μl of Toptaq and 2 μl of

Yao A. Kolombia, Oluwadamilola Ogundero, Emmanuel Olajide, Nicole Viaene, P. Lava Kumar, Danny L. Coyne, Wim Bert

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–25

Case report | 25-March-2020

RHD deletion in a patient with chronic myeloid leukemia

primers designed to amplify RHD exons 3, 4, or 7.  Two assays that detect the hybrid Rhesus box showed deletion of RHD.  Amplification of RHCE in the patient’s DNA was as efficient as that of control samples, and multiplex and PCR-RFLP assays predicted her RBCs would be C–E–c+e+.  Based on finding a hybrid Rhesus box and absence of D-specific exons, we conclude that DNA from the patient’s WBCs carries a deleted RHD.  This explains the molecular mechanism

Ann Murdock, Deborah Assip, Kim Hue-Roye, Christine Lomas-Francis, Zong Hu, Sunitha Vege, Connie M. Westhoff, Marion E. Reid

Immunohematology, Volume 24 , ISSUE 4, 160–164

research-article | 16-April-2019

Description of a new dagger nematode, Xiphinema barooghii n. sp. (Nematoda: Longidoridae) and additional data on the three known species of the genus from northwest of Iran

the new species, according to the polytomous key of Loof and Luc (1990), are: A4, B3, C5a, D6, E5, F4, G3, H2, I3, J4, K2, L1. Based on the molecular and morphological similarities, the new species is closely related to X. aceri (Chizhov et al., 1986); X. granatum (Pedram, Pourjam, Palomares-Rius, Ghaemi, Cantalapiedra-Navarrete and Castillo, 2012); X. herakliense (Tzortzakakis et al., 2015); X. zagrosense (Ghaemi et al., 2012), and X. vuittenezi (Luc et al., 1964), but it can be separated using

Nasir Vazifeh, Gholamreza Niknam, Habibeh Jabbari, Arezoo Naghavi

Journal of Nematology, Volume 51 , 1–17

Research Article | 31-May-2018

Incidence of Oscheius onirici (Nematoda: Rhabditidae), a potentially entomopathogenic nematode from the marshlands of Wisconsin, USA

In a search for an entomopathogenic nematode to control cranberry insect pests, three Oscheius populations (Rhabditidae) were recovered through the Galleria-bait method from one sample taken in a wild cranberry marsh in Jackson County, Wisconsin, USA. Morphological studies with light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy, as well as molecular analyses of the near-full-length small subunit rDNA gene, D2/D3 expansion segments of the large subunit rDNA gene, internal transcribed spacer, and

Weimin Ye, Shane Foye, Ann E. MacGuidwin, Shawn Steffan

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 1, 9–26

Review | 18-May-2018

A role for the GDAP1 gene in the molecular pathogenesis of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease

In 2002 a series of mutations in the GDAP1 gene were reported in patients suffering from Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease manifesting as early–onset, progressive distal-muscle wasting and weakness. The molecular etiology of Charcot-Marie-Tooth -GDAP1 disease has been elucidated but its pathogenesis remains unclear, especially given the seemingly contradictory function of the GDAP1 protein. Expression of GDAP1 is observed almost exclusively in neuronal cells, however, the GDAP1 protein is present in

Weronika Rzepnikowska, Andrzej Kochański

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 78 , ISSUE 1, 1–13

research-article | 30-November-2020

New insights into the identity of Discolaimium dubium Das, Khan and Loof, 1969 (Dorylaimida) as derived from its morphological and molecular characterization, with the proposal of its transference to Aporcella Andrássy, 2002

cannot be placed elsewhere; the unsclerotized vagina keeps it outside Eudorylaimus’. Patil and Khan (1982) were aware of the intricate taxonomy of D. dubium and solved the matter with the proposal of the new genus Neodiscolaimium, with N. dubium as its type and only species. Nevertheless, this action was not followed by other authors (Andrássy, 1990, 2009; Jairajpuri and Ahmad, 1992) who regarded Neodiscolaimium as a junior synonym of Discolaimium (Thorne, 1939). Several molecular analyses carried

Nasir Vazifeh, Gholamreza Niknam, Habibeh Jabbari, Arezoo Naghavi, Reyes Peña-Santiago

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–12

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