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Editorial

Survey-Based Learning of Interns in Orientation and Mobility Program

). According to Lave and Wenger (1991), situated learning enables students to learn by participating in authentic activities, contexts, and cultures; by putting into practice the knowledge and skills con-veyed by university curricula; and by reflecting on their experiences in real-world situations (Shaw, 2001). Throughout this orientation and mobility in-ternship, prospective students learn life skills in-cluding self-awareness and self-knowledge that will eventually help them transition from being a

Nora Griffin-Shirley, Jaehoon Lee, The Nguyen, Vitalis Othuon, Anita Page

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 1–6

research-article

ON ORIENTATION OF VISUALLY IMPAIRED PEOPLE IN PUBLIC SPACE

purpose of this paper is to introduce issues concerning orientation of visually impaired people in public space and designing in favour of its improvement. The paper was written on the basis of literature analyses and the author’s own observation. 2. MOBILITY IN SPACE OF VISUALLY IMPAIRED PEOPLE In the urban space the visually impaired people can move in the following way: with a qualified guide, with a trained guide dog (adults); with a white cane, with a locator (technology is under development

Beata KOMAR

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 3, 27–32

Article

EXPERIMENTAL VALIDATION FOR THE TRAINING METHOD AND MATHEMATICAL MODEL OF THE PILOT SKILL FORMATION IN MAINTENANCE OF ATTITUDE ORIENTATION

In order to overcome the drawbacks in artificial horizon indicator (HI) of inside-in type (a view from an aircraft (A/C)), where pilots produce mistakes in maintenance of attitude orientation most of all, the authors offer a novel training method. The method is based on the hypothesis that the manipulative ability of a human visual system can be trained. A mathematical model for the data accumulation during the corresponding training procedure has been proposed. Construction, design and results

Maksim BARABANOV, Gennady KOVALENKO, Valery BALYASNIKOV, Mikhail SMUROV, Vladimir CHEPIGA

Transport Problems , ISSUE 4, 127–140

research-article

Influence of rhythmic light stimulation on orientation signal within visual cortex columns in the cat

A characteristic feature of the primary visual cortex of some mammalian species is the tangential packing of neurons with similar functional and biochemical properties. Neurons form groups that are in accordance with properties such as ocular dominance, processing of stimuli orientation, preferences to movement direction, and level of activity of the cytochrome oxidase enzyme. Such functional domains are referred to as ‘cortical columns’ or ‘modules’ (Hubel and Wiesel, 1962; Hübener et al

Natalia Merkulyeva, Aleksandr Mikhalkin, Igor Bondar

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 3, 225–231

Article

Environmental Rating Scale for Orientation and Mobility

This paper presents the concept of an environmental rating scale for Orientation and Mobility for blind and vision impaired persons. Such scales currently exist for describing the level of difficulty associated with ski slopes, white water rapids, mountain climbing, and golf courses, to name but a few. These scales serve as the basis for proposing a system which could lead to the standardisation of ratings of difficulty and complexity for this purpose as well. If successfully developed, such a

Bruce B. Blasch, Ph.D., Steven La Grow, Ed.D., William Penrod, Ed.D.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 9–16

Article

Early Intervention Orientation and Mobility: A Western Australian Perspective

Early intervention Orientation & Mobility (O&M) training is a key component of the Western Australian Department of Education’s Vision Education Service. Children who are blind or have vision impairments are introduced to O&M skills, including the long cane, as soon as they are able to walk. A description of the service is provided, with some basic concepts and ideas for O&M specialists working with very young children. A key factor in the success of this program is

Bronwen Scott, Grad. Cert. Vision Impairment (O&M)

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 70–72

Article

Providing Orientation and Mobility Services to People from Chinese Backgrounds in Sydney, Australia

Australia is a multicultural country with a large number of older people from culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) backgrounds who require orientation and mobility (O&M) services. Guide Dogs NSW/ACT receives a majority of CALD referrals for people with vision impairment from Chinese backgrounds. To enable clients from CALD backgrounds achieve mobility goals that complement their lifestyle, it is necessary that O&M providers foster culturally competent perspectives to enhance and

Ying Wah Wan, B.Phil., M.Spec.Ed., Grad. Dip.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 44–48

Article

Whose Learning is it? Fostering Student Ownership in Orientation & Mobility

There is a growing body of literature (Ashcroft, 1987; Kohn, 1993; O’Neal & Calabrese Barton, 2005; Rainer & Matthews, 2002; Wood, 2003; World Health Organization, 2010) that encourages age-appropriate choice and control as a way to develop student ownership in a variety of educational areas. However, exactly what student ownership is and how it manifests in the context of orientation and mobility (O&M) services appear to be more elusive concepts. This article is an attempt to

Fabiana Perla, Ed.D., COMS.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 28–33

research-article

Development and Initial Validation of the O&M VISSIT for Orientation and Mobility Specialists to Determine Service Intensity

Deciding the appropriate type and amount of service to recommend for each student is acknowledged to be a major challenge for teachers of students with vision impairment (TVIs) and orientation and mobility (O&M) specialists. This challenge has been a long-documented struggle for practitioners in school settings, with constraints on time caused by the myriad responsibilities of a service provider and the intricacies of student scheduling and personnel availability (Correa-Torres and Howell, 2004

Heather R. Munro, Shannon Darst, Rona L. Pogrund

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 1–11

Article

A Balance Act: Physiotherapy as a Prerequisite to Orientation and Mobility Services

The School of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney, Australia initiated a community practicum for fourth year physiotherapy students. The goal was to broaden student’s perspectives about how allied health areas such as Orientation & Mobility (O&M) services are movement based similar to that of physiotherapy services. The authors participated in a five-week practicum at an organisation that provides O&M services to clients with vision impairment. It

Louise Chambers, Jasan Dannaway

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 87–89

Article

Orientation and Mobility Client Evaluation Tool (CET) Adult

A project team at Guide Dogs NSW/ACT, Australia designed, tested, and statistically validated over a five-year period, a client evaluation tool to assess the progress or achievement of adult clients (18+ years) who participate in orientation and mobility (O&M) programs (including Guide Dog programs). The tool is administered at the commencement of the client’s mobility program and again at its conclusion to provide a pre/post measure. The tool comprises two parts. Part 1, completed by

Desirée Gallimore, Ph.D., MBA, Lisa Keay, Ph.D., MPH, Frances Tinsley, DipOT, DipBusiness, MSc (Rehab. Counselling)

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 37–61

Article

The Missing Link: A Collaborative Approach to Early Childhood Orientation and Mobility

The current role of the Orientation & Mobility (O&M) instructor routinely involves working with young children (birth to 6 years). The inclusion of this population to the caseload of O&M instructors brings with it unique challenges. Young children’s primary means of learning comes in the form of play, yet O&M traditionally tends to focus on skill specific instruction. For young children who are blind or vision impaired the ability to move out into space independently and

Kylie Wells, Dip. Tchg., Grad. Cert. Ed. Studies, M. Spec. Ed.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 57–61

Article

The Three Most Important Factors Every Orientation and Mobility Instructor Needs to Know when Working with Guide Dogs

The author discusses three important factors that need to be considered by Orientation & Mobility (O&M) instructors when working with clients that are guide dog users. These include: that the work of a guide dog can be influenced by the presence of the O&M instructor during training; the significance of straight line travel; and the importance of using such O&M techniques as guiding, directional cues and landmarks.    

Ray Joyce, Cert. Dog Handler, Dip. O&M

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 66–69

research-article

Abstracts of the 2018 Southeastern Orientation and Mobility Association (SOMA) Conference

The Southeastern Orientation and Mobility Association (SOMA) started more than 50 years ago with informal gatherings of O&Ms, and has grown to annual/biannual conferences hosting hundreds of O&Ms. Until 2016, when SOMA was incorporated and a board was established, SOMA conferences were organized entirely by individuals who volunteered at the final session of the previous conference. SOMA’s unique traditions include: an emphasis on hands-on workshops (SOMA conferences were the first to feature

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 1–8

Article

Feasibility of Orientation and Mobility Services for Young Children with Vision Impairment using Teleintervention

The demand for orientation and mobility (O&M) training for very young children with blindness or vision impairment (B/VI) and their families is increasing in the Early Intervention (EI) period. However, the extreme shortage of qualified O&M specialists to work with this population may be limiting their access to appropriate services. This study used a needs assessment survey to collect information about the feasibility of providing O&M services in EI using the alternative service

Hong Phangia Dewald, M.A., COMS, Catherine A. Smyth, M.S. (Ed.), TSVI, ECE Specialist

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 83–92

Article

iPhone video link FaceTime as an orientation tool: Remote O&M for people with vision impairment

Two case study participants investigated the effectiveness of the Application “FaceTime” as an O&M tool via the Apple iPhone. The participants included a traveller (blind) who is an experienced long cane and guide dog user; and a qualified O&M instructor. The traveller and instructor tested FaceTime in five varying scenarios including shop identification, product identification in a supermarket, identification of buses at a transport interchange, orientation while free

Nicole Holmes, B.A. (Soc/Psych)., M.Spec.Ed, Kelly Prentice, B.A. (SocScPsych)/Teaching(Prim), M.Spec.Ed

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 60–67

Article

Teaching Orientation and Mobility Skills to Students with Autism and Vision Impairment in Public Schools: A Data-Based Study

Two students with autism, vision impairment, and intellectual disability participated in an orientation and mobility (O&M) intervention to travel in school settings using their folding canes. A multiple-baseline across participants design to determine the effectiveness of the intervention was used. The dependent variable was time taken to travel the specified route. The independent variable was O&M training. Results indicated that both participants took less time to travel during the

Devender R. Banda, Ph.D., BCBA-D, Phoebe A. Okungu, Ph.D., Nora Griffin-Shirley, Ph.D., Melanie K. Meeks, Ph.D., Olaya Landa-Vialard, Ph.D.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 34–43

Article

Feasibility and acceptability of orientation and mobility instructors delivering the LiFE falls prevention program to older people with vision impairment.

Older people with vision impairment are at an increased risk of falls. Though exercise-based intervention can reduce falls in the general population, this strategy has not been successful among people with vision impairment. We evaluated the feasibility and acceptability of the LiFE program, a home-based fall prevention program, for people aged over 50 with vision impairment (n=16). The program was successfully delivered by orientation and mobility instructors to clients of Guide Dogs NSW/ACT

Lisa Keay, Ph.D., MPH, Freya Saich, B.Health, Lindy Clemson, Ph.D., Lisa Middlemiss, B.PhysEd/Health Ed., M.Spec.Ed., Jacqueline Johnson, B.A., GradDip.Ed., M.Spec.Ed., Haley Tumanik, M.Spec.Ed., Jessica Taylor, B.Sc., M.Spec.Ed., Joanne Munro, B.AppSc (Physio), M.Hlth Sci (Edu), Ewa Borkowski, M.Spec.Ed., Frances Tinsley, DipOT, DipBusiness, M.Sc.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 22–33

Article

Transforming Training in Orientation and Mobility: Examining the Effect Using an Audio-Link on the Distance Between Trainer and Trainee

Increased distances between instructor and trainee during orientation and mobility (O&M) training is purported to be associated with improved outcomes of heightened independence, self-efficacy, and preparation for real-world experience as a traveller. However, there is currently no research that identifies standard or optimal instructor-trainee distances or effective strategies to increase distances that enhance training outcomes. This exploratory, qualitative study compared the distance

Michael Munro, M. Ed., TVI, Barry H. Stafford, M.Ed., COMS

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 16–27

Research Article

INDICATORS OF INTERNATIONAL TRADE ORIENTATION OF UKRAINE IN THE CONTEXT OF ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF ITS EXPORT RELATIONS

N. Reznikova, O. Osaulenko, V. Panchenko

Statistics in Transition New Series , ISSUE 1, 119–134

Article

NEURAL NETWORK BASED MULTISENSOR FUSION IN A NOVEL PERMANENT MAGNET MULTI-DOF ACTUATOR ORIENTATION DETECTION SYSTEM

Zheng LI

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 911–927

Research Article

SOCIALLY ACCEPTABLE SMART WHEELCHAIR NAVIGATION FROM HEAD ORIENTATION OBSERVATION

Robotic wheelchairs should move among humans without bringing about uncomfortable situation to them. This paper tackles this issue to propose a method of navigation in indoor environments with presence of humans based on the observation of head information obtained from color and range images. Initially head regions in the color image are tracked and their orientations are estimated using AdaBoost based particle filter trained to classify multiple-pose faces. Then the head orientation data are

Razali Tomari, Yoshnori Kobayashi, Yoshinori Kuno

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 630–643

Book Review

Orientation and Mobility: Techniques for Independence

James Berline, M.Ed., M.Sc., (OT)

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 99–100

Article

Evaluating the Validity of Texas 2 STEPS

The Texas 2 STEPS Evaluation Tool was assessed for face validity. Thirty Certified Orientation and Mobility Specialists (COMS) piloted the tool while evaluating children under the age of five years. Each participant was asked to evaluate their comfort level working with this population and report the number of years’ experience they have working as a COMS. The majority of participants found the tool useful for assessing orientation and mobility (O&M) skills in children. The Texas 2

Tracy L. Hallak, M.Ed., TVI/COMS Instructor, Luis E. Aguerrevere, Ph.D.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 84–89

Article

Effective mobility framework: A tool for designing comprehensive O&M outcomes research

In orientation and mobility (O&M) outcomes research, the concept of mobility has become narrowed to what can be captured with existing measures and methods. However, travel speed and contact tallies have not provided convincing evidence of functional changes resulting from O&M programs or such vision restoration treatments as retinal prostheses. This study used grounded theory methodology to develop a new understanding of mobility from expert opinions, including O&M specialists (n

Lil Deverell, B.Ed., GradDip O&M, M.Ed., COMS, Sharon A. Bentley, B.ScOptom., M.Optom., Ph.D., MPH., FAAO., FACO, Lauren N. Ayton, Clare Delany, B.AppSc (Physio), M.Hlth., M.edLaw, M.(Physio), Ph.D., Jill E. Keeffe, OAM., B.A., Ph.D.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 74–86

Article

Orientation and Mobility Challenges Around the World

Maryanne Diamond, B.Sc., Grad. Dip (IT)

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 8–10

Article

Toxoplasmosis and Vision Impairment

This paper examines the current literature about toxoplasmosis, a parasitic disease affecting approximately one third of the world’s human population. The disease causes a range of disorders, among them ophthalmic disorders. Case studies are used to describe the effect of the disease on functional mobility, and the type of orientation and mobility training provided.  

Lyndel Bosman, B.Ec., Dip.Ed., M.Spec.Ed.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 53–58

Article

Orientation and Mobility Involvement with Scooter Travel in Australasia

Lil Deverell, B.Ed., Grad.Dip. O&M, M.Ed.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 32–47

Editorial

A Need for Interdisciplinary Personnel to Serve Students with DeafBlindness: A Literature Review

trained in serving children with DeafBlindness, this high-need population can be difficult to identify, evaluate, and serve. However, it is not fiscally prudent for many districts to hire professionals trained specifically in DeafBlindness and orientation and mobility (O&M). To solve this problem, the authors recommend that teachers of students with visual impairments (TVIs) be trained to acquire competencies to serve children with DeafBlindness and related O&M issues. Using an interdisciplinary team

Phoebe Okungu, Nora Griffin-Shirley, Charity Gamboa Embley, The Nguyen, Vitalis Othuon

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 20–34

Article

An Overview of GPS Systems and Adaptations: Implications for the Older User with Vision Impairment

Accessible global positioning systems (GPS) are increasingly popular as an orientation aid for people with vision impairment. Adapted GPS such as the BrailleNote, Trekker, Trekker Breeze and Wayfinder Access are discussed. Limitations of adapted GPS devices for the older user are considered. Major benefits of the older user with vision impairment using GPS include independent mobility, increased confidence in wayfinding and decreased reliance on memory for navigation tasks.      

Karen Doobov, Grad.Cert.Educational Studies, Graduate Student M.Spec.Ed.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 81–86

Article

ORIENTATION OF A TRIAXIAL ACCELEROMETER USING A HOMOGENEOUS TRANSFORMATION MATRIX AND KALMAN FILTERS

and ensure the consistency of the measurements, in order to check the angle between the axis and the magnitude. Subsequently, using spatial geometry, the intersection of the system of reference is estimated, to determine the extent of translation in the homogeneous transformation matrix. In a further step, the rotation values of the matrix are generated by taking the orientation of the z-axis into account and, finally, the resulting factor is scaled to normalize the magnitude value of gravity

J.-S. Botero V, W. Hernández, E. Fernández

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 1631–1646

Article

The Benefits of Using Echolocation to Safely Navigate Through the Environment

This study investigated participant use of echolocation skills. Specifically participants were asked to describe what methods they used to generate sound, and what echolocation assisted them to do in terms of their orientation and mobility (O&M). Contrary to previous research findings, it was found that most participants preferred to use cane tapping to generate sound. Possible reasons for this finding are discussed. Participants reported that echolocation assisted them to self-orientate

Jodi Brazier, B.A., Grad. Dip. Ed., M. Spec. Ed.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 46–51

Book Review

Basic Spanish for Orientation and Mobility: A Phrase Book and Dictionary

Esther Gallego Villegas, Rehabilitation Technician

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 96–97

Article

Shuffling the Deckchairs: Multi-agency Working and the Continuing Lack of Identification of People with Vision Impairments

Many orientation and mobility (O&M) professionals working to meet the needs of children and adults with vision impairment may do so as a part of multi-agency rehabilitation teams. However, from a study of current literature in the fields of vision impairment, multiple-disability and intellectual disability, it is apparent that multiagency participation does not invariably identify with accuracy, all those requiring a service. This article discusses how those professionals working in multi

John Ravenscroft, Ph.D.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 83–86

research-article

Virtual O&M: A far north queensland innovation

from the accepted socio-cultural mannerisms, language patterns, and environmental concepts in the metropolitan school communities (Swift, 1988). Exploring the incongruence between school environments for SVI is generally associated with orientation and mobility (O&M) programs. Due to the vast distances between rural and metropolitan schools in Queensland however, firsthand experience of metropolitan environments is not always physically possible. Exploring environments through virtual O&M resources

Katrina Blake, Helen Kinnane, Melinda Whipp

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 1–4

Article

TrekAbout Adelaide: One Agency’s Experience of Introducing GPS Technology to O&M Services

Guide Dogs Association of South Australia and Northern Territory (Guide Dogs SA.NT) provides Orientation & Mobility (O&M) programs for people with vision impairment, including training in the use of Electronic Travel Aids (ETAs). Recent developments in wayfinding technology have included introduction of specialised Global Positioning System (GPS) devices for people with vision impairment. This article describes considerations that were made by Guide Dogs SA.NT in selecting wayfinding

Adrian Riessen, B.App.Sc., Grad.Cert.Health, M.Spec.Ed., Alison Ryan, B.App.Sc., M.Spec.Ed., Mark Battista, B.Sec.Ed., M.Spec.Ed.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 73–80

Article

An Echolocation Training Package

The phenomenon of echolocation or using sonar to navigate the environment has been widely studied, though rarely taught to individuals who are blind or vision impaired (Kish 2003). This paper describes the essential content of an echolocation training package designed to assist orientation and mobility (O&M) instructors teach clients echolocation skills. This package will be trialled using volunteer participants who are clients of Guide Dogs NSW/ACT Australia and then refined based on an

Nicole Holmes, B.A.Soc.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 84–91

Article

O&M Environmental Complexity Scale

There is a need for standardised measures that can be used in Orientation and Mobility (O&M) research and practice worldwide. This paper proposes a six step O&M Environmental Complexity Scale. The Scale is founded on an understanding that there is symbiotic interplay between the environment and the people who live in it. Complexity escalates with increases in physical components, pace of movement and social codes, and with a shift from predictability to unpredictability, requiring a

Lil Deverell, B.Ed., Grad.Dip. O&M, M.Ed.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 64–77

Article

A Step to Prevent Falls in the Elderly: A Literature Review

This paper reviews the current literature to identify the way an orientation and mobility (O&M) instructor could effectively predict and/or reduce falls in the Australian-based elderly population with vision impairment. Common causes of falls associated with elderly people with vision impairment are discussed as are the shortcomings of falls prevention programs. Three assessment tools used to predict an individual’s risk of falling for the first time have been reviewed. Of the three

Jessica Taylor, B.Sc., M.Spec.Ed.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 45–52

Article

Conditions that influence drivers’ yielding behaviour: Effects of pedestrian gaze and head movements

These studies examined the effects of various types of pedestrian gazing toward vehicles and drivers at traffic signal-controlled intersections and a roundabout, measuring driver delays (seconds) and yielding behaviours. No statistical or practical differences were found between any of the gaze conditions and no-gaze conditions. These findings might have practical application for orientation and mobility (O&M) specialists and students. Pedestrians who are blind or vision impaired who

Eugene A. Bourquin, Ph.D., Robert Wall Emerson, Ph.D., Dona Sauerburger, M.A. COMS, Janet Barlow, M.Ed., COMS

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 13–26

Article

Student Portfolios in O&M: A window into the child’s learning experience

Two students with autism, vision impairment, and intellectual disability participated in an orientation and mobility (O&M) intervention to travel in school settings using their folding canes. A multiple-baseline across participants design to determine the effectiveness of the intervention was used. The dependent variable was time taken to travel the specified route. The independent variable was O&M training. Results indicated that both participants took less time to travel during the

Fabiana Perla, Ed.D. COMS, CLVT, Jamie Maffit, M.S., COMS, CLVT

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 44–51

Article

Providing Travel Instruction to Individuals with Disabilities Other Than Blindness: A Practitioner’s Perspective

Some Orientation &Mobility (O&M) specialists provide instruction to individuals with disabilities other than blindness and vision impairment. In the US, this practice is referred to as travel instruction (TI). Through decades of providing TI, the authors have learned basic principles for success. This practice report addresses the definition of travel instruction, the essential components of a TI program, and two brief case studies. Advantages and opposition to O&M specialists

Bonnie Dodson-Burk, B.S., M.A. COMS., Lydia Peterson, B.S., M.S., COMS., Susan Olsson, M.A., COMS

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 68–73

research-article

Acceptability of fall prevention strategies for older people with vision impairment

. Due to the high likelihood of mobility restrictions within the population of interest, semi-structured interviews in participant homes were also offered to increase the scope of participant inclusion. Both focus groups and interviews are robust methods of obtaining comprehensive qualitative information and have been used many times to explore the opinions of people in fall prevention research (McMahon et al. 2011). Each focus group and semi-structured interview was led by an orientation and

Lisa Dillon, Patricia Duffy, Anne Tiedemann, Lisa Keay

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 1–9

Article

Principles for Providing Orientation and Mobility to People with Vision Impairment and Multiple Disabilities

Dona Sauerburger, M.A., C.O.M.S., Eileen Siffermann, M.A., M.Ed., C.O.M.S., Sandra Rosen, Ph.D., C.O.M.S.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 52–56

Book Review

The Art and Science of Teaching Orientation and Mobility to Persons with Visual Impairment

Michael Gleeson, Ph.D.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 93–94

Article

Should We Rethink Toxoplasmosis?

the condition is chronic, may be responsible for a much larger percentage of eye disease than was previously thought, and may play a role in other systemic illnesses. Added to this, congenital T. gondii infection has recently been implicated in schizophrenia, which makes it timely for a reappraisal of this condition, its prevention and the implications for Orientation and Mobility (O&M) instructors.    

Michael G. Gleeson, B. App. Sc., (Phty), M. Spec. Ed.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 73–78

Article

Developing O&M Standards for Australasia

In 2013, members of the Orientation and Mobility Association of Australasia ratified a Quality Framework for the O&M profession, including an OMAA Code of Ethics and OMAA Standards of Practice. The OMAA Quality Framework took a six member committee four years to develop and involved extensive collaboration across Australia and New Zealand. During the process, the Committee discussed such themes as best practice, exemplary performance, minimum standards, independence, and self-determination

Lil Deverell, M.Ed., Grad Dip O&M, B.Ed., COMS., Bronwen Scott, M.Ed., Grad Dip O&M, B. Psych. COMS, Mark Battista, M.Ed., (Special Ed/O&M), B.Ed., Jeremy Hill, Grad Dip O&M, B.Sc., BA(Hons)Psych.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 34–44

Article

Development of the Difficulty with Mobility Questionnaire: A Pilot Study

A 23-item difficulty with mobility questionnaire (DMQ) was piloted with 32 persons who had participated in a one-week orientation and mobility (O&M) course offered by Guide Dogs Queensland in early 2014 to determine its potential utility as an outcome measure for O&M instruction. The DMQ was assessed for reliability, validity, and sensitivity. Reliability was established using Cronbach’s alpha coefficient. Validity was assessed by determining the extent to which the total

Steven J. La Grow, Ed.D., Bashir Ebrahim, OAM, Grad. Dip. Rehab. Studies, Andy Towers, Ph.D.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 59–69

Article

Temporal spatial parameters analysis of the gait in children with vision impairment

stride length. The results suggested that an adapted gait provided stability which, in turn, improved balance. This finding seems to indicate the importance of commencing orientation and mobility (O&M) training as soon as possible to improve gait, balance, and movement with children who are blind or have low vision.    

Andréia Naomi Sankako, Paulista Marília, Paulo Roberto Garcia Lucareli, Sebastião Marcos Ribeiro de Carvalho, Lígia Maria Presumido Braccialli

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 90–100

Article

A Comparison of Selected Secondary Electronic Travel Aids with a Primary Mobility System

avoid overhead obstructions, and determine natural and man-made landmarks that could possibly be used for orientation. In addition, the variable “speed of execution” was measured. Increased or decreased efficacy between the participants’ performance with their primary system alone and their performance using both their primary mobility system and one of the two secondary electronic travel aids in conjunction were measured.  

William M. Penrod, Ed.D., Thomas J. Simmons, Ph.D., CRC., Debra K. Bauder, Ed.D., Donna Brostek Lee

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 27–41

Book Review

O&M for Independent Living: Strategies for Teaching Orientation and Mobility to Older Adults

Lil Deverell, MEd, Ph.D., COMS.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 139–141

Article

Introducing Echolocation into O&M University Courses for Professionals

It is well known that echolocation makes it possible for a person who is blind to get to know their surroundings and that it strengthens an individual’s ability to move independently. In order to learn echolocation skills as a newly blind or vision impaired individual, the orientation and mobility (O&M) specialist needs to become well acquainted with these techniques. However, based on the authors’ own experiences as professionals and researcher in the field of vision

Inger C. Berndtsson, Ph.D., Leif Sunneson, B.A.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 34–39

Article

Substantial New Monies Into National Orientation & Mobility Services Development: The Game and Play of Public Policy Implementation

Sue Silveira, M.HSc.Ed., Dip.App.Sc. (Orth), Mike Steer, Ph.D., AM.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 54–61

Article

A clock-face method of outdoor scanning and tracking using sports cones: A case study of a client with post-stroke visual field loss

The participant in this case study is a 65 year old male, who had a right posterior cerebral artery stroke. He undertook a compensatory scanning program though continued to experience collisions with objects in familiar and unfamiliar environments. He was later referred to Guide Dogs NSW/ACT, Australia for orientation and mobility (O&M) services. The second author (instructor) assessed and identified this client’s functional field of vision using an outdoor clock-face method by

Sarah Hower, B.HlthSc (OT)., MSpec.Ed, Ross Still, Ross Still, GradDip(O&M), Regional Manager, Guide Dogs NSW/ACT

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 87–95

research-article

The impact of functional vision changes on independent travel for individuals with adult-onset visual impairment

, accommodation, and varied approaches to promote independence and safety. Geruschat and Smith (2010) summarized identified aspects of vision changes that affect persons with vision impairment and orientation and mobility (O&M) performance. The most common vision changes associated with the conditions previously mentioned are photophobia (glare sensitivity), variations in contrast perception, limitations with depth perception, night blindness, peripheral field changes, scotomas (blind spots), and challenges

Kimberly Avila

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 1–9

Article

The Guide Dog as a Mobility Aid Part 2: Perceived Changes to Travel Habits

This article describes the second of a two-part study that examined the effects of a guide dog as an aid to mobility. The first part, which is also published in this issue, showed that dogs were perceived to significantly improve travel performance, irrespective of the participants’ orientation and mobility skills before receiving the dog. The second part of the study describes the changes a dog makes to travel habits. In this second part, the travel habits of 50 people who were blind or

Janice K.F. Lloyd, Ph.D., Steven La Grow, Ed.D., Kevin J. Stafford, MVB, MSc., Ph.D., FRCVs, MACVSC., R. Claire Budge, Ph.D.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 34–45

Article

A study of personnel preparation of teachers of learners with vision impairment and O&M services

taught to TVI students and their purpose(s) for teaching them. Respondents taught TVIs in all 10 general areas of O&M curriculum: Outdoor/Commercial, Outdoor/Residential, Cane Technique, Cane Skills with a Guide, Mobility Tools, O&M Knowledge and Skills Protective Techniques, Non-Cane Techniques, Orientation Strategies, and Guide Techniques. Respondents indicated the reason (Skills Practice, Teach, Referral, and Evaluation) for teaching these skills to TVIs. Results suggested that TVI

Grace Ambrose-Zaken, Ed.D.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 62–83

Original Paper

The Usefulness of Chromogenic Media for Qualitative and Semi-Quantitative Diagnostic of Urinary Tract Infections

The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of chromogenic media for isolation of bacteria from urine and direct identification of UTI pathogens. A total of 100 urine specimens were inoculated on blood agar and MacConkey agar as a reference method and on the following media to be tested: chromID® CPS® Elite (CPSE, bioMérieux), CHROMagarTM Orientation (BioMaxima), BD CHROMagar Orientation Medium (ORI, Becton Dickinson), CHROMagarTM Orientation (ORIE, Graso) and Brillance UTI Clarity

ELŻBIETA M. STEFANIUK

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 213–218

Article

INNOVATIVE STEEL FIBERS AND THEIR EFFECT ON FIBER DISTRIBUTION IN BEAMS - EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATIONS

Michael HUSS, Nguyen Viet TUE

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 3, 103–108

Research Article

PRECISE TRANSHIPPMENT CONTROL OF AN AUTOMATED MAGNETIC-GUIDED VEHICLE USING OPTICS POSITIONING

A parking position detection and control system is developed for precise transshipment of palletized materials between an automated guided vehicle (AGV) and a load transfer station. In order to align the roller conveyer of the AGV with that of the station, it is necessary for the AGV to detect the longitudinal, lateral and orientation deviations of its body with respect to the station. A pair of magnetic sensors is used to measure the lateral and orientation deviations of the AGV relative to a

Xing Wu, Peihuang Lou, Ke Shen, Guangqing Peng, Dunbing Tang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 48–71

Article

OPTIMIZATION OF WINDOW SIZE DESIGN FOR DETACHED HOUSE USING TRNSYS SIMULATIONS AND GENETIC ALGORITHM

building orientation has been analysed. Optimal selection of these parameters for reduction of the energy consumption has been carried out. Genetic algorithms were used for the optimization, while TRNSYS program was used for energy analysis. The analyses were performed on an exemplary single family detached house. Self-adaptive genetic algorithm connected with energy building simulation successfully identifies the lowest energy costs. Optimal window type and size design and window orientation reduce

Joanna FERDYN-GRYGIEREK, Krzysztof GRYGIEREK

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 4, 133–140

Article

INDUSTRIAL ROBOT CALIBRATION USING A VIRTUAL LINEAR CONSTRAINT

another. The FLP, attached to the robot end-effector, aims at both centers of the two PSDs at the same time, effectively creating a virtual linear constraint for the robot end-effector. As a result, small variations in position and orientation of the end-effector are magnified on the laser spot’s location at the PSD’s surface. Hence, the resolution of measuring the position and orientation of the end-effector is improved due to the high precision feedback of the PSD, increasing the accuracy of joint

Biqiang Du, Ning Xi, Erick Nieves

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 987–1001

Research Article

A Spherical Haptic Interface with Unlimited Workspace

Over the last two decades, various haptic interfaces have been developed. However, their workspace has been mechanically restricted. This limited workspace reduces operationality, because operation should be suspended at the boundary. In this paper, to tackle this problem, a spherical haptic interface is developed, which utilizes a ball as an interface with the human. The ball is driven by three DC motors through omni wheels. Consequently, unlimited workspace is achieved for orientation

Yuichi Tsumaki, Takeshi Ohgi, Arata Niiyama

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 376–388

Research Article

A New Landslide Inclinometer Using  Highly Sensitive Gauges

measuring, it being able to gauge in depth the amplitude and orientation of the soil layers displacement.

Cristian Fosalau, Cristian Zet, Daniel Petrisor

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–5

Research Article

Automated Mobility and Orientation System for Blind or Partially Sighted People

Abdel Ilah Nour Alshbatat

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 568–582

Research Article

CIRCULAR TRAFFIC SIGN CLASSIFICATION USING HOGBASED RING PARTITIONED MATCHING

97.8%, without the need of many prepared sample images. The results also show that the best values of the number of orientation bins and the cell size of the HOG parameters are 5 and 10 x 10 pixels respectively.

Aryuanto Soetedjo, I Komang Somawirata

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 735–753

Review

MULTI-VARIABLE OPTIMIZATION MODELS FOR BUILDING ENVELOPE DESIGN USING ENERGYPLUS SIMULATION AND METAHEURISTIC ALGORITHMS

1. INTRODUCTION In the early stages of design the building designer faces different questions in relation to: building location (which is usually not really a decision of the building designer but of the owner of the building), building orientation, building shape, structural system to be adopted, building envelope and interior finishes. Naturally, this is a challenging procedure as each question has a wide range of different alternatives that globally will lead to an even wider range of

Krzysztof GRYGIEREK, Joanna FERDYN-GRYGIEREK

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 2, 81–90

Article

Fast Aerial UAV Detection Based on Image Segmentation and HOG-FLD Feature Fusion

In order to detect non-cooperative target UAV quickly and accurately, a novel method of UAV detection method based on graph theory and HOG-FLD feature fusion is presented in this paper. In order to avoid the time-consuming full search, the candidate areas of the UAV are obtained through the selective search of the image segmentation and the similarity, and the features are extracted through the method of gradient orientation histogram fusion FLD linear to train the SVM classifier with

Li Xiaoping, Lei Songze, Wang Yanhong, Xiao Feng, Penghui Tian

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 1, 106–114

Article

ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND CARBON FOOTPRINT OF AN ELECTRIC VEHICLE AND A VEHICLE WITH AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

vehicle and thus its carbon footprint and compares it to the energy consumption and carbon footprint of a vehicle with an internal combustion engine. The results of this study reveal the orientation for the use of electric vehicles in future, in terms of raising awareness among the individual manufacturers, consumers and, last but not the least, the society as a whole, which is committed to sustainable developmental orientations.

Robert Robert Muha, Aleš Peroša

Transport Problems , ISSUE 2, 49–58

Article

Multiple Vehicle License Plate Location in Complex Background

In order to expand the application range of the intelligent traffic management system, and to solve the problem that the license plate positioning accuracy is low in the changing of the scene. On the basis of the analysis of previous methods advantages and disadvantages, applying deep learning model orientation method is proposed. The image expressed as graph of graph theory. Based on the principle of minimum spanning tree preliminary separate target objects in image of vehicle. Combined with

Yaxin Zhao, Li Zhao, Ya Li

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 1, 62–68

Article

LINE-OF-SIGHT BASED 3D LOCALIZATION OF PARALLEL KINEMATIC MECHANISMS

Autonomous robots (manipulators or vehicles) may accumulate significant errors during their long-range motion to a desired position and orientation (pose). These errors, however, can be compensated for by subsequent local, short-range corrective actions to within random noise levels of the system. This paper presents a generic localization method for high-precision parallel kinematic mechanisms (PKMs) in order to allow them to accurately achieve their desired poses. The proposed method employs

Erkai Zhou, Mengzhe Zhu, Alexander Hong, Goldie Nejat, Beno Benhabib

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 842–868

Research Article

A Novel Approach To Improve Vehicle Speed Estimation Using Smartphone’s INS/GPS Sensors

paper, we investigate the noise performance of accelerometers, available in a few smartphones. Then, we apply the noise analysis for the purpose of estimating the moving vehicle speed. A number of experiments were carried out to capture the vehicle’s position & speed from OBD2, GPS as well as 3-axes accelerometer. We demonstrate a method by which the phone’s orientation is compensated for while calculating speed from the measured acceleration. Further, a new method of INS/GPS fusion

Arijit Chowdhury, Tapas Chakravarty, P. Balamuralidhar

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–6

Research Article

Characterization of Juvenile Stages of Bursaphelenchus crenati Rühm, 1956 (Nematoda: Aphelenchoidoidea)

the egg and the J2 was at the hatching stage. Sex of juvenile stages can be identified using the morphology and size of the genital primordia and a body size of nematodes. Sex of juveniles may be identified from the J3 stage by the presence of the cloacal primordium in male juvenile and orientation of the germinal zone of the genital primordium. A tabular key to developmental stages of B. crenati is given. The body grows during molts and within each stage. The body increases rapidly after J3 stage

Alexander Y. Ryss, Kristina S. Polyanina

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 4, 459–472

research-article

Validation of the Chemotaxis of Plant Parasitic Nematodes Toward Host Root Exudates

PPN toward or away from test compounds (e.g., root extracts and exudates). The specific objectives were to (i) develop a new and unique bioassay for PPN chemotaxis, and (ii) validate this bioassay using three PPN species (i.e., R. reniformis, M. incognita, and H. glycines) exposed to root extracts and exudates from host (cotton and soybean) and/or non-host (peanut) plants, which underpin the crucial properties of root exudates (esp., hydrophiles) in the host-specific recognition and orientation of

Wenshan Liu, Alexis L. Jones, Heather N. Gosse, Kathy S. Lawrence, Sang-Wook Park

journal of nematology , 1–10

Research Article

A ST X-NUCLEO-BASED TELEMETRY UNIT FOR DETECTION AND WiFi TRANSMISSION OF COMPETITION CAR SENSORS DATA: FIRMWARE DEVELOPMENT, SENSORS TESTING AND REAL-TIME DATA ANALYSIS

communication unit allows to collect, on board of vehicle, the temperature of engine compartment and cooling liquid, suspensions’ extensions, vehicle speed and also its orientation and acceleration and to send wirelessly all these data to a base station, where are monitored by technical staff, so ensuring quick intervention in case of malfunctioning. STM32 Nucleo development board, heart of realized telemetry system, properly programmed with the developed firmware, acquires data from used sensors and

P. Visconti, B. Sbarro, P. Primiceri

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 793–828

research-article

THE IMPACT OF BUILDING PARAMETERS AND WAY OF OPERATION ON THE OPERATIVE TEMPERATURE IN ROOMS

demonstrate the relationship between the operative temperature and the air temperature in office room for different constructions of external walls, window size and orientation, as well as diverse internal heat gains in the premises. The relationship is determined based on analyzes of the multivariate simulation results carried out by IDA Indoor Climate and Energy (IDA ICE) program. 2. METHODOLOGY Numerical analysis has been carried out with the IDA ICE 4.22 simulation program [16], which is a tool for

Jan KACZMARCZYK, Joanna FERDYN-GRYGIEREK, Andrzej BARANOWSKI

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 2, 107–114

Article

The Guide Dog as a Mobility Aid Part 1: Perceived Effectiveness on Travel Performance

Janice K.F. Lloyd, Ph.D., Steven La Grow, Ed.D., Kevin J. Stafford, MVB, MSc., Ph.D., FRCVs, MACVSC., R. Claire Budge, Ph.D.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 17–33

Article

Inclusive Employer: A Guide Dog School’s Trial to Employ a Blind Instructor

Kristin Lucas, M.A., C.O.M.S.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 62–65

Editorial

Editorial

Desirée Gallimore, Ph.D., Mike Steer, Ph.D.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 6–8

Article

Effectiveness of the SoundFlash Device in Enhancing Non-Visual Spatial Perception

Ellen Herlache, M.A., OTR., Doug Baldwin, BSVS, M.S., OD., Stacey Card, Graduate Student, Hailey Graham, Graduate Student, Jessica Roberts, Graduate Student, Faith Santoya, Graduate Student

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 42–51

Article

Selecting Attractor Sounds for Audio-Based Navigation by People with Vision Impairments

Brad Salisbury, M.S., Koorosh Naghshineh, Ph.D., William Wiener, Ph.D.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 8–26

Article

Opening Eyes and Opening Doors

Laura de Haseth Meddens

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 79–82

Editorial

Editorial

Desirée Gallimore, Ph.D., Mike Steer, Ph.D.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 6–7

Article

A Client Driven Information Resource for Second Time Guide Dog Applicants

Katherine Ward, B.Sc., M.Spec.Ed., Kerry Peirce, Grad.Dip., M.HSc., O&M

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 36–40

Article

A Focus Group Discussion on Using Guide Dogs

Janice K.F. Lloyd, BSc., DCR, EMT, CVT, Ph.D., R. Claire Budge, B.A., M.A., Ph.D., Kevin J. Stafford, MVB, M.Sc., Ph.D., FRCVS, MACVSc., Steven J. La Grow, B.S, M.A., Ed.D.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 52–64

Article

The Centrality of O&M in Rehabilitation Programs Designed to Enhance Quality of Life: A Structural Equation Modelling Analysis

Polly Yeung, Ph.D., Steven La Grow, Ed.D., Andrew Towers, Ph.D., Fiona Alpass, Ph.D., Christine Stephens, Ph.D.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 10–20

Article

Opinions by People with Vision Impairment about Wanting or Not Wanting Guide Dogs

Naoko Koda, Ph.D., Nae Morioka, B.S.A., Masumi Kubo, B.S.W., Takafumi Wada, Akira Yoshikawa, Hirofumi Nakamura, Rinka Shinoda

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 21–31

Article

Colour and Fashion: Evolution of the Mobility Cane

Ewa Borkowski, M.Spec.Ed.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 65–72

Editorial

Editorial

Desirée Gallimore, Ph.D., Mike Steer, Ph.D.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 8–9

Article

Trekker Breeze 2.0: Trialled by Clients

Matt Wood, Dip. Teach., B.Ed., M.Spec.Ed.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 78–83

Article

Developing an Open Source Sonar Navigation Device

Steve Hoefer

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 92–98

Article

Mobility As A Means To An End: Acquiring Valued Social Roles

Michael J. Kendrick, Ph.D.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 48–53

Editorial

Editorial

Desirée Gallimore, Ph.D., Mike Steer, Ph.D.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 6–7

Article

Getting More than Mobility

John Armstrong

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 62–63

Article

The Effectiveness of Deaf-Blind Pedestrians Warning Signage on Drivers’ Behaviour

Dona Sauerburger, MA., COMS., Eugene Bourquin, DHA., COMS., CI.&CT., CLVT., Jomania Sauerburger

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 11–15

Article

The Spring Loaded “Willins” Cane

Karyn Willins, B.A.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 40–43

Article

Stigma, Embarrassment and the Use of Mobility Aids

Claire L. Hogan, B.A., Dip.Ed., Grad. Cert. O&M, M. Sc.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 49–52

Book Review

The Multisensory Handbook: A Guide for Children and Adults with Sensory Learning Disabilities

Kim T. Zebehazy, Ph.D., COMS, CLVT, TSVI.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 53–55

Article

Using TTouch to Reduce Stress and Enhance Learning when Training Guide Dogs

Janice Lloyd, Elizabeth (Lib) Roe

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 8–20

Article

Back to the Future: Expanding the Profession – O&M for People with Disabilities

Bruce Blasch, Ph.D., Desirée Gallimore, Ph.D., MBA

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 21–33

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