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Review | 13-September-2016

Value of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of polycystic ovary syndrome – literature review

Polycystic ovary syndrome is a multi-factorial disease. Its etiopathogenesis has not been elucidated in detail. It is the most common endocrine disorder in women of child-bearing age. This disease entity is primarily characterized by disrupted ovulation and hyperandrogenism, but the clinical picture can be diversifi ed and symptom intensity can vary. Currently, the sonographic assessment of ovaries is one of the obligatory criteria for the diagnosis of PCOS according to the Rotterdam consensus

Michał Bachanek, Nebil Abdalla, Krzysztof Cendrowski, Włodzimierz Sawicki

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 63, 410–422

research-article | 09-September-2021

Antral follicle count and anti-Müllerian hormone level as predictors of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome undergoing controlled ovarian stimulation

to ascites, pleural effusion, and intravascular dehydration(2). Mild OHSS occurs in 20–33% of women undergoing COS, moderate OHSS affects 3–6%, and only in 0.3% of all cases the syndrome is severe(3). COS is commonly employed to increase the yield of ova available in order to enhance the success rate of artificial reproductive techniques. The risk factors for OHSS include young age, polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), decreased body mass index, and the presence of multiple follicles. The National

Rubina Izhar, Samia Husain, Muhammad Ahmad Tahir, Mauzma Kausar, Tanveer Sana, Farrah Ghalib

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 86, 200–205

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