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Review Article | 30-March-2018

Cesarean scar pregnancy – a new challenge for obstetricians

Diagnosis and treatment of ectopic cesarean scar pregnancy has become a challenge for contemporary obstetrics. With an increase in the number of pregnancies concluded with a cesarean section and with the development of transvaginal ultrasonography, the frequency of cesarean scar pregnancy diagnoses has increased as well. The aim of the study is to evaluate various diagnostic methods (ultrasonography in particular) and analyze effective treatment methods for cesarean scar pregnancy. An

Piotr Pędraszewski, Edyta Wlaźlak, Wojciech Panek, Grzegorz Surkont

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 72, 56–62

Review | 31-August-2018

Ultrasonographic criteria of cesarean scar defect evaluation

Cesarean sections account for approximately 20% of all deliveries worldwide. In Poland, the percentage of women delivering by cesarean section amounts to over 43%. According to studies, the prevalence of cesarean scar defects ranges from 24–70%. Due to the overall cesarean section rate, this is a medical problem affecting a large population of women. In such cases, ultrasonographic evaluation of a cesarean scar reveals a hypoechoic space filled with postmenstrual blood, representing a

Andrzej Woźniak, Krzysztof Pyra, Hugo Rio Tinto, Sławomir Woźniak

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 73, 162–165

Review | 28-June-2019

High resolution ultrasound for imaging complications of muscle injury: Is there an additional role for elastography?

junctions. Finally, the regenerated fiber contains a small amount of well-organized scar tissue. At 10 days after injury, scar maturation is complete; however, it takes weeks to months to return to pre-injury muscle strength(2,6). The physiological process of muscle healing is enhanced by short-time immobilization at first, which allows the granulation tissue to become strong enough, and later by gradual physical activity, which intensifies the regeneration phase by inducing angiogenesis and correct

Eleni E. Drakonaki, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Christos Sinopidis, Panagiotis Givissis

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 77, 137–144

research-article | 28-September-2020

The ultrasound of subcutaneous extrapelvic endometriosis

Introduction The presence of ectopic functional endometrial glands and struma anywhere except in the lining of the uterine cavity is considered as endometriosis. The most common sites of endometriosis inside the pelvic cavity include the myometrium (adenomyosis), the ovaries, the uterine ligaments, and the pouch of Douglas. Extrapelvic endometriosis is seen involving the abdominal wall cesarean section (CS) scar, and rarely affects the perineum, umbilicus, pleura, kidneys, lungs, and liver(1

Ashraf Talaat Youssef

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 82, 176–180

research-article | 30-November-2019

Further observations on Meloidogyne enterolobii (Nematoda: Meloidogynidae) infecting guava (Psidium guajava) in India

spacer (ITS) region, and the sequence characterized amplified region (SCAR) combined with morphological, morphometric and biochemical (e.g. esterase phenotyping) data provides better resolution for species identification. We found a severe infestation of M. enterolobii in guava in Coimbatore district of Tamil Nadu, India (located at N11°1′6″ and E76°58′21″); and the identity of the species was confirmed by detailed morphology and morphometrics supplemented with biochemical and molecular

Tushar Manohar Ghule, Victor Phani, Vishal Singh Somvanshi, Maya Patil, Somnath Bhattacharyya, Matiyar Rahaman Khan

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–9

research-article | 21-October-2020

First report of southern root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita, infecting Brassica nigra in Peru

(J2) (n = 30), females (n = 10), and perineal patterns (n = 15); species molecular identification was confirmed by PCR species-specific characterized amplified region (SCAR) sequence for confirmation, using a primer set composed of inc-K14-F (5′-GGGATGTGTAAATGCTCCTG-3′) and inc-K14-R (5′-CCCGCTACACCCTCAACTTC-3′) (Randig et al., 2002). The nematode population density was 1,405 J2/g of root. Morphometrics (means followed by ± standard deviation with the minimum and maximum values in parentheses) of

Jorge Airton Gómez-Chatata, Juan José Tamo-Zegarra, Teodocia Gloria Casa-Ruiz, Cristiano Bellé

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–3

research-article | 30-November-2018

First report of Meloidogyne javanica (Nematoda: Meloidogynidae) infecting Scoparia dulcis, a medicinal plant in Brazil

between the cytochome oxidase subunit II (COII) and 16S rRNA genes (mtDNA) using the primers C2F3 (5´-GGTCAATGTTCAGAAATTTGTGG-3´) and 1108 (5´-TACCTTTGACCAATCACGCT-3´) (Powers and Harris, 1993) along with PCR species-specific sequence characterized amplified region (SCAR) for confirmation, using a primer set composed of Fjav (5´-GGTGCGCGATTGAACTGAGC-3´) and Rjav (5´-CAGGCCCTTCAGTGGAACTATAC-3´) (Zijlstra et al., 2000). The nematode population density observed in the sample was 1,976 J2s/g of roots. The

Cristiano Bellé, Rodrigo Ferraz Ramos, Andressa Lima de Brida, Tiago Edu Kaspary

journal of nematology, Volume 51 , 1–3

review-article | 30-November-2019

Chondroitin sulfate metabolism in the brain

to reinstate plasticity in order to allow axonal sprouting and compensation of damaged function (Carmichael et al., 2017). On the other hand, injuries to the central nervous system (CNS) result in upregulation of CSPGs in glial scar, which potently hinders neural plasticity and regeneration (McKeon et al., 1999; Beggah et al., 2005; Harris et al., 2009). For a comprehensive review of CS and CSPGs role in CNS plasticity see Bartus et al. (2012). CSPGs and PNNs have been also suggested to have

Anna Gręda, Dorota Nowicka

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 79 , ISSUE 4, 338–351

Research paper | 15-January-2019

Anti-inflammatory compound curcumin and mesenchymal stem cells in the treatment of spinal cord injury in rats

Spinal cord injury leads to a robust inflammatory response that is an unfavorable environment for stem cell implantation. In this study, we evaluated the effect of combined therapy of curcumin and mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) on behavioral recovery and tissue sparing, glial scar formation, axonal sprouting and inflammatory responses in a rat experimental model of spinal cord injury (SCI). Balloon-induced compression lesion was performed at thoracic (Th8-9) spinal level. Out of the four groups

Jiri Ruzicka, Lucia Machova Urdzikova, Anna Kloudova, Anubhav G. Amin, Jana Vallova, Sarka Kubinova, Meic H. Schmidt, Meena Jhanwar-Uniyal, Pavla Jendelova

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 78 , ISSUE 4, 358–374

research-article | 30-November-2020

First report of northern root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne hapla (Chitwood, 1949) on strawberry in Turkey

-inoculated control plants were irrigated with an equal volume of water. The experiment was terminated on 60th post-inoculation day. Isolation of DNA was conducted on 2 to 3 larvae based on the protocol. The larvae were collected into Eppendorf tubes and WLB (+) was added, and the samples were incubated at 65°C for 1 hr and at 95°C for 10 min to obtain the genomic DNA (Waeyenberge et al., 2000). The species-specific SCAR markers (JMV1, JMV2, and JMVhapla) were used for M. hapla (Wishart et al., 2002). The

Adem Özarslandan, Dilek Dinçer, Şefika Yavuz, Ayşenur Aslan

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–4

research-article | 24-April-2020

Genetic intraspecific diversity of Meloidogyne javanica parasitizing vegetables in southern Iran

Characterization of the recovered populations In total, 41 populations of RKNs were recovered including 34 populations from vegetable fields and nine populations from greenhouses in southern Iran. Two nematodes populations were obtained from weeds growing in vegetable fields. All the recovered populations in this study were tested with the species-specific molecular marker type Sequence Characterized Amplified Region (SCAR) for the four major species (Zijlstra, 2000; Zijlstra et al., 2000). Expected band for M

Reza Ghaderi, Ali Asghar Dehghan, Abbas Mokaram Hesar, Akbar Karegar

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–13

research-article | 18-December-2020

Usefulness of high-frequency ultrasound in the monitoring of laser treatment of acne scars

atrophic acne scars: ice pick, rolling and boxcar. Ice pick scars are deep and narrow (<2 mm). This type of scar is characterized by steep sides that narrow down to one point, which resembles a wound made with a skewer. Rolling scars are wide (4–5 mm) and shallow. Boxcar scars are oval or round, with a diameter of 1.5 to 4 mm. They have well-defined, sharp edges. These scars are usually shallow (0.1 mm to 0.5 mm). It should be noted, however, that deeper boxcar scars (>0.5 mm) may be also encountered(8

Sylwia Malinowska, Dominíka Jaguś, Witold Woźniak, Robert Krzysztof Mlosek

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 83, 279–283

research-article | 09-April-2020

First report of the root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne morocciensis infecting peach in Southern Brazil

-9.3). The known SCAR marker obtained for M. arenaria (Zijlstra et al., 2000) is the same as that amplified for M. morocciensis (Carneiro et al., 2008). Under greenhouse conditions, peach seedlings were inoculated with 1,000 eggs (Pi) from the original population of M. morocciensis, and non-inoculated plants were included. After 180 days, the plants were evaluated for the number of galls in the roots, and the final nematode population was also estimated (Pf). A mean of 338 galls per root system was

W. R. Silva, C. P. Machaca-Calsin, C. B. Gomes

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–3

Research Article | 29-March-2016

Efficacy of high frequency ultrasound in postoperative evaluation of carpal tunnel syndrome treatment

retinaculum fibers; in 13 patients, scar tissue symptoms occurred, and in 5 of them CTS did not subside completely (although ultrasound showed no signs of compression).ConclusionsUltrasound imaging with the use of a high frequency transducer is a valuable diagnostic tool for postoperative assessment of CTS treatment efficacy.Cel pracyCelem pracy jest określenie przydatności badania USG z wykorzystaniem głowicy wysokiej częstotliwości w pooperacyjnej ocenie skuteczności zastosowanego leczenia.Materiał i

Katarzyna Kapuścińska, Andrzej Urbanik

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 64, 16–24

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