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Research Article


Railway tunnel inspection and monitoring has predominantly been a visual and manual procedure, which is time-consuming and subjective, giving rise to variance in standards and quality. Thus, alternative, novel, automated techniques need to be developed, for more efficient and reliable tunnel examination. The reported research aimed to investigate the application of a laser scanning technique for the inspection of tunnel degradation and structural integrity. The proposed method may either


Transport Problems , ISSUE SE, 73–84

Research Article


In order to improve the measurement accuracy of three-dimensional (3D) scanning robot, a method of 3D scanning robot system error modeling and compensation based on particle swarm optimization radial basis function neural network (PSO-RBFNN) is proposed to achieve intelligent compensation of measurement error. The structure, calibration and error modeling process of 3D scanning robot system are mainly described. Cleverly using the iterative closest point (ICP) algorithm to construct

Jianhong Qi, Jinda Cai

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 837–855


Rotation center calibration based on line laser rotating platform

I. INTRODUCTION In today’s life, two-dimensional information can no longer meet people’s daily needs. The three-dimensional information has thus been deeply researched and developed. Among them, the line laser is widely used in the three-dimensional reconstruction process. Line laser three-dimensional scanning is to project one or more line lasers to the measured object, extract the laser stripe in the image, and calculate the three-dimensional data of the surface of the laser line, usually

Doudou Lei, Baolong Liu, Huimin Yao

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 1, 48–52


A clock-face method of outdoor scanning and tracking using sports cones: A case study of a client with post-stroke visual field loss

The participant in this case study is a 65 year old male, who had a right posterior cerebral artery stroke. He undertook a compensatory scanning program though continued to experience collisions with objects in familiar and unfamiliar environments. He was later referred to Guide Dogs NSW/ACT, Australia for orientation and mobility (O&M) services. The second author (instructor) assessed and identified this client’s functional field of vision using an outdoor clock-face method by

Sarah Hower, B.HlthSc (OT)., MSpec.Ed, Ross Still, Ross Still, GradDip(O&M), Regional Manager, Guide Dogs NSW/ACT

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 87–95

Research Article

Thickness Measurement of Aluminum Thin Film using Dispersion Characteristic  of Surface Acoustic Wave

In this study, we suggest a method to measure the thickness of thin films nondestructively using the dispersion characteristics of a surface acoustic wave propagating along the thin film surface. To measure the thickness of thin films, we deposited thin films with different thicknesses with range of 200~1000 nm on a Si(100) wafer by controlling the deposition time by DC sputtering technique. The thickness of the thin films was measured using a scanning electron microscope. Subsequently, the

Ik Keun Park, Tae Sung Park

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–4


Wrist ultrasound examination – scanning technique and ultrasound anatomy. Part 2: Ventral wrist

Ultrasound imaging of the musculoskeletal system is an important element of the diagnostic and therapeutic protocol. Clinical decisions, including those regarding surgical procedures, are often based solely on ultrasound imaging. However, detailed knowledge on the anatomy and a correct scanning technique are crucial for an accurate diagnosis. Modern ultrasonographic equipment allows obtaining detailed anatomical images of muscle tendons, ligaments, nerves and vessels of the carpal area. Ventral

Cyprian Olchowy, Daniel Soliński, Mateusz Łasecki, Paweł Dąbrowski, Szymon Urban, Urszula Zaleska-Dorobisz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 69, 123–128


Wrist ultrasound examination – scanning technique and ultrasound anatomy. Part 1: Dorsal wrist

and anatomic schemes corresponding to them. The correct scanning technique of the dorsal part of the wrist was discussed and some practical tips,thanks to which highly diagnostic images can be obtained, were presented. The f ollowing anatomical structures should be visualized in an ultrasound examination of the dorsal wrist: distal radio-ulnar joint, radiocarpal joint, midcarpal joint, carpometacarpal joints, dorsal radiocarpal ligament, compartments of extensor tendons, radial artery, cephalic

Cyprian Olchowy, Mateusz Łasecki, Urszula Zaleska-Dorobisz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 61, 172–188

Research paper


, frequency modulated continuous wave (FMCW) is selected as being the most robust. The theoretical performance of a number of 94GHz FMCW millimetre wave radar systems is determined and these confirm the capability of these sensors in the mining environment. The paper describes implementations of FMCW radar sensors for simple ranging, two dimensional line scanning and three dimensional imaging that are based on a common ranging module and in the case of the 2D and 3D applications, a common swash-plate

Graham Brooker, Mark Bishop, Ross Hennessy

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 315–353


Learning to scan for approaching vehicles efficiently with a visual impairment

close it would not have been able to stop in time to avoid a collision; the specialist had to physically restrain the student from stepping into its path. The outstanding questions were why the student failed to detect the vehicle, and how changes in assessment and practice might remedy the detection failure. Based on previous observations of other students with severely restricted visual fields having difficulty scanning for stationary targets, the author hypothesized that the student’s scanning

Dona Sauerburger, Eugene Bourquin

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 35–40

Research Article

MEMS-based miniature near-infrared spectrometer for application in environmental and food monitoring

We present a hybrid MEMS (micro-electromechanical systems) based spectrometer of the size of a sugar cube, fabricated at the clean room facilities of Fraunhofer IPMS, Dresden. This SGS (scanning grating spectrometer) is designed for integrated spectroscopic applications in the field of food quality analysis and food processing technology. Using another, larger, MEMS-based scanning grating spectrometer, we perform a series of test measurements of the absorption of different types of oil. Thereby

S.I. Hintschich, T. Pügner, J. Knobbe, J. Schröder, P.Reinig Reinig, H. Grüger, H. Schenk

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–5

Research Article

Stauratostoma shelleyi n. gen., n. sp. (Nematoda: Rhabditida: Thelastomatidae) from Appalachian Polydesmid Millipedes (Polydesmida: Xystodesmidae)

Stauratostoma shelleyi n. gen., n. sp. is described from the midgut and hindgut of nine species of the millipede family Xystodesmidae collected in the southern Appalachian regions of North Carolina, Tennessee and Alabama. Specimens of S. shelleyi were morphologically examined with differential interference contrast, phase contrast, and scanning electron microscopy. The head of S. shelleyi differs from other thelastomatid nematodes in having a head region mushroom-shaped in profile; cruciform

Gary Phillips, Robert J. Pivar, Xiocaun Sun, John K. Moulton, Ernest C. Bernard

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 2, 133–146


Coronostoma claireae n. sp. (Nematoda: Rhabditida: Oxyuridomorpha: Coronostomatidae) from the Indigenous Milliped Narceus gordanus (Chamberlain, 1943) (Diplopoda: Spirobolida) in Ocala National Forest, Florida

Twenty-four individuals of Narceus gordanus (Diplopoda: Spirobolidae) were collected in Ocala National Forest, FL, between November 2013 and July 2014. Each specimen was dissected to extract the intestine, which was removed and examined for parasitic nematodes. Coronostoma claireae n. sp. was collected from the hindgut and midgut of 10 specimens, and its morphology was examined with brightfield, differential interference contrast, phase contrast, and scanning electron microscopy. This species


Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 3, 159–169


Bioactive Compounds of Pseudoalteromonas sp. IBRL PD4.8 Inhibit Growth of Fouling Bacteria and Attenuate Biofilms of Vibrio alginolyticus FB3

extract was introduced to the 24 h-old biofilm that grew on the coverslip. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) study. The SEM samples for initial and pre-formed biofilms were prepared according to the method in LM and continued further with biofilm fixing with 2.5% glutaraldehyde in PBS at 30°C for 24 h (Cai et al. 2013). The fixed biofilms were subjected to dehydration processes via incremental percentages of ethanol for 10 min each (50%, 75%, 95%, and 100% ethanol twice) before being air-dried. The


Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 21–33

Research paper


In this paper, composition analysis using scanning electron microscopy/energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy analysis (SEM-EDX) and laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) for particulate matter in diesel exhaust is presented. Conventionally, scanning mobility particle sizer (SMPS) has been widely used to obtain particle size distribution of the suspended particles. However, real-time analysis of the composition of diesel particulate matter is difficult because of the small sized particles

S. Ikezawa, M. Wakamatsu, T. Ueda

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 174–188

review -article

Optimization of diagnostic ultrasonography of the gallbladder based on own experience and literature

drainage(14–16). Digital ultrasonography with a variety of options to improve the image and different modes of color-coded blood flow is usually used in daily practice. In our opinion, the best protocol for gallbladder ultrasonography was presented by Hertzberg and Middleton, the authors of “Ultrasound: the requisites”(17). A comprehensive examination of this organ involves scanning in various positions (supine, prone, oblique and upright). This allows for almost complete visualization of gallbladder

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk, Elżbieta Bernatowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 80, e29–e35

Case report

Ultrasound diagnostics of a spontaneous arteriovenous fistula of the head and neck

arteriovenous fistula. However, the accuracy and diagnostic quality of duplex scanning in the diagnostics of a congenital or spontaneous arteriovenous fistula of the head and neck area in adults have been poorly described in the literature. In this study, we discuss the opportunities of duplex scanning, based on two different cases of an arteriovenous fistula revealed by ultrasound and then confirmed by computer tomographic angiography.

Maria Vadimovna Zakharkina, Andrey Olegovich Chechetkin, Marina Victorovna Krotenkova, Rodion Nikolaevich Konovalov

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 70, 217–221

Research Article


Micromirrors fabricated by MEMS technology have demonstrated to be important sensing or actuating components in many industrial and biomedical applications such as laser scanning displays, optical switch matrices, and biomedical imaging systems. In this paper, various actuation mechanisms for micromirrors are described. A new geometric configuration of a stacked micromirror that is actuated by electrostatic force is proposed and analyzed to show its superior performance in terms of deflection

Sangtak Park, So-Ra Chung, John T.W. Yeow

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 480–497

Research Article

Palladium Nanotubes for Optical Hydrogen Sensing

Arrays of freestanding upright palladium nanotubes have been fabricated using a bottom-up method of electrodepositing into anodised alumina pores. Optical transmission measurements carried out with a range of postfabrication treatment methods suggest that hydrogen diffuses into both the inner and outer surface areas of the tube structure. Furthermore, scanning electron microscopy of the same sample before and after cycling hydrogen exposure show that the structures appear undamaged by the

M. B. McAuley, A. Murphy, R. Pollard

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–4


Eye tracking and virtual reality in the rehabilitation of mobility of hemianopia patients: a user experience study

., 2019). In one type of compensatory scanning training, InSight-Hemianopia Compensatory Scanning Training (IH-CST), these patients learn to make horizontal scanning eye-movements (De Haan et al., 2015) in order to compensate for the field defect during mobility-related activities. In IH-CST training, hemianopia patients learn to repetitively perform a triad of saccades including an initial large saccade made towards the blind hemifield. Training hemianopia patients in making this type of scanning

Birte Gestefeld, Jan Koopman, Anne Vrijling, Frans W. Cornelissen, Gera de Haan

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 7–19



MoO3 thin films have been prepared by a simple spray pyrolysis technique at substrate temperature 250oC. The structure and morphology of thin films are characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy and UV-vis spectroscopy. The gas sensing properties of MoO3 thin film is studied at gas concentration 400 ppm and working temperature of 100–400 oC. It was found that the sensitivity depended on the working temperatures and also H2S gas concentration. The results show

D. V. Ahire, S. D. Shinde, G. E. Patil, K. K. Thakur, V. B. Gaikwad, V. G. Wagh, G. H. Jain

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 592–605



processed to the original voice signal, the characteristic is extracted by means of short-time amplitude, which can simplify operation. Then, large-scale (long frame-length and frame-shift) short-time amplitude is used for rough detection, combining adaptive threshold judgement of consecutive frames, which can find voice areas of start-point and end-point quickly. To these areas, small-scale (short frame-length and frame-shift) short-time amplitude is used for accurate detection, forward scanning is put

Zhang Zhigang, Huang Junqin

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 2175–2194


The morphological characteristics and phylogenetic analysis of Pratylenchus vulnus Taiwan strawberry isolate

Yu-po Lin, Wan-chun Lee, Pei-che Chung, Jiue-in Yang

Journal of Nematology , 1–5

Research Article

Description of Gracilacus paralatescens n. sp. (Nematoda:Paratylenchinae) found from the rhizosphere of Bamboo in Zhejiang, China

Munawar Maria, Ruihang Cai, Weimin Ye, Thomas O. Powers, Jingwu Zheng

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 4, 611–622

Original Paper

A Novel Approach to Study the Effect of Ciprofloxacin on Biofilms of Corynebacterium spp. Using Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy


Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 4, 431–440

Original Paper

Evaluation of musculoskeletal symptoms among physicians performing ultrasound

Aim of the study: Owing to its wide availability, relatively low cost and lack of negative effect on the patient, ultrasound has become the most commonly and readily used imag­ing modality. However, scanning for increasingly long periods of time on a given day and in a given week tends to negatively affect sonographers’ health, primarily resulting with the overuse of the musculoskeletal system, as multiple muscles and joints are engaged during scanning. This research has been aimed at

Paweł Wareluk, Wiesław Jakubowski

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 70, 154–159

Research paper


This paper presents material and gas sensing properties of Pt/SnO2 nanowires/SiC metal oxide semiconductor devices towards hydrogen. The SnO2 nanowires were deposited onto the SiC substrates by vapor-liquid-solid growth mechanism. The material properties of the sensors were investigated using scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The current-voltage characteristics have been analyzed. The effective change in the barrier height for 1

M. Shafiei, K. Kalantar-zadeh, W. Wlodarski, E. Comini, M. Ferroni, G. Sberveglieri, S. Kaciulis, L. Pandolfi

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 771–783


Redefinition of Genus Malenchus Andrassy, 1968 (Tylenchomorpha: Tylenchidae) with Additional Data on Ecology

Malenchus is the second specious genus in Tylenchidae. In the presented study, we examined 22 populations including 12 type/paratype species. Detailed morphology was recovered using light microscopy, scanning- and transmission- electron microscopy. All population and type slides were recorded as picture and video vouchers, which are available online. We have compared inter- or intraspecific variations and extracted taxonomically informative traits. Amended definitions of the Malenchus as well


Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 2, 189–206



improve fresh concrete properties, density and corrosion resistance of concrete. The chemical reasons of such effect were explained by the means of x-ray diffraction, differential thermogravimetry and scanning electron microscopy. This development should be widely used in several projects in Ukraine, where sulphate-resistant concrete is needed.


Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 4, 101–106


A Third New Species of Aporcelinus Andrassy, 2009 (Dorylaimida, Aporcelaimidae) from Vietnam, with the First SEM Study of a Representative of the Genus

, and male absent. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) study, the first of a representative of the genus, shows a lip region pattern significantly different from that observed in the typical aporcelaimid taxa.


Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 2, 104–108


Lidar Image Classification based on Convolutional Neural Networks

This paper presents a new method of recognition of lidar cloud point images based on convolutional neural network. This experiment uses 3D CAD ModelNet, and generates 3D point cloud data by simulating the scanning process of lidar. The data is divided into cells, and the distance is represented by gray values. Finally, the data is stored as grayscale images. Changing the number of cells dividing point cloud results in different experimental results. Experiments show that the proposed method has

Yang Wenhui, Yu Fan

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 3, 158–162

Research Article

Optical Detection of Herbicides in Water using Dye- Modified Single Walled Carbon Nanotubes

Hybrid materials were produced by mixing CuPcR4 with acidified single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) and characterised by UV-Vis absorption spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy. Thin films of pristine CuPcR4 and SWCNT/CuPcR4 were prepared by spin coating onto gold-coated glass slides and applied as active layers to detect pentachlorophenol (PCP), 2-chlorophenol, diuron and simazine in water utilizing Total Internal Reflection Ellipsometry (TIRE) as an optical

Hikmat Banimuslem, Aseel Hassan, Tamara Basova, Asuman Dakoğlu Gülmez, Mahmut Durmuş, Ayşe Gül Gürek, Vefa Ahsen

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–5


Effect of adding a capsule with activated charcoal to abdominal ultrasound preparation on image quality

, which makes the scanning process much easier, abdominal gases still exist in many patients and in large amounts, especially in the pancreatic region, causing artifacts. For this reason, it is important to evaluate new, safe, efficient, reliable and cost-effective methods to improve patient preparation in order to eliminate excessive abdominal gases. Literature review Ultrasound is a form of mechanical energy used in medical imaging. Ultrasound waves are produced by the transducer and can travel

Ahmed Abdul Jabar, Ibrahim Abbas, Nabeel Mishah, Mohammed Wazan, Motaen Tomehy

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 80, e12–e17


Updated description of Paratylenchus lepidus Raski 1975 and P. minor Sharma, Sharma and Khan, 1986 by integrating molecular and ultra-structural observations

: Scanning electron microscopy of Paratylenchus lepidus (Raski, 1975a, 1975b). (A-C) Lip regions; (D, E) vulval regions; (F, G) posterior region arrows showing position of vulva; (H-K) female tails (Scale bars, A-C = 5 μm; D-K = 10 μm). Measurements Measurements of the females of P. lepidus Taizhou population are given in Table 1. Table 1. Morphometric data for Paratylenchus lepidus (Raski, 1975a, 1975b). Type Additional type pop. This study Raski (1975b) Raski (1975b

Munawar Maria, Wentao Miao, Weimin Ye, Jingwu Zheng

journal of nematology , 1–13



Nanocrystalline ZrO2 (Zirconia) has been synthesized by a conventional precipitation method. The structural, morphological, microstructural, optical and gas-sensing properties of ZrO2 were investigated by using X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), UV-vis spectroscopy and static gas sensing unit, respectively. X-ray diffraction pattern and TEM of the synthesized product reveal their nano-crystalline nature with grain size

Pratap G. Patil, D. D. Kajale, V. P. Patil, G. E. Patil, G. H. Jain

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 673–684


First report of Ovomermis sinensis (Nematoda: Mermithidae) parasitizing fall armyworm Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in China

Bingjiao Sun, Fen Li, Xiaorui He, Fengqin Cao, Elizabeth Bandason, David Shapiro-Ilan, Weibin Ruan, Shaoying Wu

Journal of Nematology , 1–7



ZnO nanorods with different sizes and shapes have been successfully synthesized via a simple hydrothermal route, using zinc acetate and Cetyltriammonium bromide (CTAB) as the reactants. The thick films of as prepared ZnO were prepared by screen-printing technique in desired pattern. The films are characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The gas sensing properties of the materials have been investigated for various

Sarika D. Shinde, G. E. Patil, D. D. Kajale, D. V. Ahire, V. B. Gaikwad, G. H. Jain

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 57–70

Research Article

Type-2 Fuzzy Kalman Hybrid Application for Dynamic Security Monitoring Systems based on Multiple Sensor Fusion

Multiple sensors fusion plays a major role in situation awareness, especially in modern dynamic security monitoring and tracking applications. In this paper, we focus on a specific effective set of complementary sensors [Laser (for speed measurements), Sonar (for space scanning) and RF (for access rights)]. A novel multi-agent system is obtained by fusing the above types of sensory data taking advantages of similarity and complementarity concepts. Furthermore, Kalman Filter is utilized to track

T. K. Dakhlallah, M. A. Zohdy, O.M. Salim

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 607–629

Research Article

Description and Distribution of Three Criconematid Nematodes from Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China

Maria Munawar, Thomas O. Powers, Zhongling Tian, Timothy Harris, Rebecca Higgins, Jingwu Zheng

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 2, 183–206


Meloidogyne aegracyperi n. sp. (Nematoda: Meloidogynidae), a root-knot nematode parasitizing yellow and purple nutsedge in New Mexico

made from specimens mounted on 5% water agar pads and paralyzed with 0.1 m sodium azide (Eisenback, 2012). Females and J2 were prepared for scanning electron microscopy (SEM) according to Eisenback (1985). Perineal patterns were prepared for SEM according to Charchar and Eisenback (2001). They were observed and photographed by LM with negative contrast as reported by Eisenback (2012). Eggs were measured in fresh tap water mounted on agar pads. All LM observations except for perineal patterns were

J. D. Eisenback, L. A. Holland, J. Schroeder, S. H. Thomas, J. M. Beacham, S. F. Hanson, V. S. Paes-Takahashi, P. Vieira

journal of nematology , 1–16


A new rare nematode Nothocriconemoides hangzhouensis n. sp. (Nematoda: Criconematidae) from Hangzhou, China

spherical, filled with sperm. Vagina is straight, vulva is closed, and vulval lips do not project above body contour. The ventral side of postvulval annuli is inverted, in majority of individuals. Anus is indistinct and located on the next annuli posterior to vulva. Tail is short and conoid, longitudinal striations are more prominent on the terminal annulus that gives the appearance of forked or branched terminus. Figure 4: Scanning electron microscopy of Nothocriconemoides hangzhouensis n. sp. Female

Munawar Maria, Wentao Miao, Ruihang Cai, Pablo Castillo, Jingwu Zheng

Journal of Nematology , 1–14


A new stunt nematode, Geocenamus chengi n. sp. (Nematoda: Merliniinae) in the rhizosphere of tea (Camellia sinensis) from Zhejiang Province, China

. sp. Male. A: entire body; pharyngeal regions, arrow pointing on the excretory pore (exp); C: tail with bursa; D: gonad; E, F: tail in ventral view; G, I: male tail arrows pointing on phasmid (ph) (Scale bars = A = 100 μm; B-I = 10 μm). Figure 4: Scanning electron microscopy of Geocenamus chengi n. sp. A: anterior region; B-C: en face view; D-F: vulval regions; G, H: female tail regions arrows pointing anus (a); I: anal area at higher resolution, arrow pointing on the position of anus; J

Munawar Maria, Wentao Miao, Pablo Castillo, Jingwu Zheng

Journal of Nematology , 1–13


Discopersicus n. gen., a New Member of the Family Tylenchidae Örley, 1880 with Detailed SEM Study on Two Known Species of the Genus Discotylenchus Siddiqi, 1980 (Nematoda; Tylenchidae) from Iran

Discopersicus iranicus n. gen., n. comb., previously described from Iran as a new species under the genus Discotylenchus, is illustrated using light microscope and scanning electron microscope (SEM) observations and further studied using molecular characters. SEM studies revealed the newly proposed genus has oblique amphidial apertures on the lateral sides of the lip region. SEM images are also provided for two species of Discotylenchus, namely D. discretus and D. brevicaudatus, as the first


Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 3, 214–221


The Disease Assessment of Cucumber Downy Mildew Based on Image Processing

Cucumber downy mildew is a kind of disease which spreads very fast and isdangerous, in order to prevent the disease, peoplealways spray plenty of pesticides indiscriminately. Accurate assessment of the level of cucumber downy mildew is very important to the disease prevention and control. In a cucumber growing season, this paper collected the typical cucumber downy mildew leaf samples, and developed the downy mildew spot extraction algorithm by using leaf image scanning method, calculated the

Jingzhu Li, Peng Wang, Changxing Geng

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 4, 176–180

Research Article

Method to Convert a Horizontal Furnace to Grow ZnO Nanowires for Gas Sensing by the VLS Method

. Under a constant flow of Argon gas (200mL/min), the substrates along with a mixture of ZnO and graphite powder are placed in a modified horizontal furnace which uses a 2.54 cm internally mounted quartz tube and are exposed to high temperature (527°C-1000°C) for different growth times. This reaction causes the formation of ZnO nanowires on the substrates. scanning electron microscopy is used to measure the size of the nanowires.

Sushma Nandhyala, Michael Haji-Sheikh, Martin Kocanda, Suma Rajashankar

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–5

Research Article

Characterization of Meloidogyne indica (Nematoda: Meloidogynidae) Parasitizing Neem in India, with a Molecular Phylogeny of the Species

juveniles, males and females were carried out by light compound and scanning electron microscopy. Gross morphology and measurements were found consistent with the original description of M. indica infecting citrus by Whitehead (1968). The neem population was found to infect and reproduce on citrus. Additionally, evolutionary relationship was deduced by Maximum likelihood method using ITS rRNA, D2D3 expansion segment of 28S rRNA and mitochondrial COI sequences. Phylogenetic analyses based on these

Victor Phani, Satyapal Bishnoi, Amita Sharma, Keith G. Davies, Uma Rao

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 3, 387–398


Additional notes on the morphology and molecular data of the Kikuyu root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne kikuyensis (Nematoda: Meloidogynidae)

nodule-like gall were elucidated by light, scanning, and transmission electron microscopy (Eisenback and Dodge, 2012; Dodge, 2014). The galls induced by M. kikuyensis are unique and more complex than those caused by most root-knot nematode species. The vascular tissues that supply the giant cells with nutrients occur at a right angle to the vascular cylinder in the main root. Unlike most species of root-knot nematodes, feeding cells of M. kikuyensis appear to be formed by the dissolution of cell

J. D. Eisenback, P. Vieira

Journal of Nematology , 1–13


Sectonema caobangense sp. n. from Vietnam (Nematoda, Dorylaimida, Aporcelaimidae)

Sectonema caobangense sp. n. from evergreen forest soil in Vietnam is described, including scanning electron micrograph (SEM) observations and D2-D3 LSU rDNA analysis. The new species is characterized by its 3.12 to 5.80mmlong body, lip region offset by deep constriction and 21 to 23 mm broad, mural tooth 13 to 14 mm long at its ventral side, 940 to 1,112 mm long neck, pharyngeal expansion occupying 61% to 69% of total neck length, uterus a long simple tube-like structure 292 to 363


Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 2, 95–103


Acetic Acid, 2-Undecanone, and (E)-2-Decenal Ultrastructural Malformations on Meloidogyne incognita

metabolites, that is acetic acid, (E )-2-decenal, and 2-undecanone. The commercial nematicide fosthiazate acting on acetylcholinesterase was used as control.For this reason, scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy have been employed. The acetic acid mainly harmed the cuticle, degenerated the nuclei of pseudocoel cells, and vacuolised the cytoplasm. The (E)-2-decenal and 2-undecanone did neither harm to the cuticle nor the somatic muscles but they degenerated the


Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 4, 248–260


Structural Changes of Bacillus subtilis Biomass on Biosorption of Iron (II) from Aqueous Solutions: Isotherm and Kinetic Studies

/qt, respectively. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Energy Dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDX) analysis. Morphology and elemental composition of biosorbent before and after biosorption with Fe(II) ions were examined by the Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FE-SEM) (CARL ZEISS SUPRA 55 GEMIN-German Technology Jena, Germany). Biomass samples were glutaraldehyde fixed, attached to 10 mm alumina-based mounts and sputtered with gold particles by using sputter coater (SC7620 ‘Mini


Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 4, 549–558


Cephalenchus driekieae n. sp. (Nematoda: Tylenchidae) from South Africa, a new member of the genus with a long pharyngeal overlap

as template to redraw in CorelDRAW® software version 2018. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) For SEM, the nematodes mounted on permanent slides were cleaned and hydrated in distilled water, dehydrated in a graded ethanol-acetone series, critical point dried, coated with gold, and observed with a Zeiss Merlin microscope (5 kV) (Zeiss, Oberkochen, Germany) (Abolafia, 2015). DNA extraction, PCR reaction, and gel electrophoresis DNA extraction and PCR conditions followed Rashidifard et al. (2019

Milad Rashidifard, Gerhard Du Preez, Joaquín Abolafia, Majid Pedram

Journal of Nematology , 1–10

Research Article

First Report of Carrot Cyst Nematode Heterodera carotae in Mexico: Morphological, Molecular Characterization, and Host Range Study

was made using light and scanning electron microscopy of the second stage juveniles, females, males and cysts, and the host range study, was performed with nine different plants from five families. The molecular identification was made by sequencing and analysing the ITS rRNA and partial COI genes. It was shown that using presently available molecular tools it is not possible to make an accurate differentiation of H. carotae from H. cruciferae. The host range test allowed to distinguish these

Ilia Mariana Escobar-Avila, Edgar Óliver López-Villegas, Sergei A. Subbotin, Alejandro Tovar-Soto

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 2, 229–242


Inter-rater reliability of an ultrasound protocol to evaluate the anterolateral ligament of the knee

prior to this study. The volunteer underwent a clinical examination by an experienced physical therapist to exclude clinical anterolateral instability. To visualize the ALL in vivo a standardized protocol based on the validation of the scanning position was defined with the participant lying on the ipsilateral side with the upper leg in 30° flexion and his foot hanging off the examination table. A pillow was placed under his knee. The examiner sat behind the participant in order to easily adjust US

Michel Kandel, Erik Cattrysse, Michel De Maeseneer, Leon Lenchik, Marc Paantjens, Marco Leeuw

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 78, 181–186


Ultrasound of the elbow with emphasis on the sonoanatomy of the distal biceps tendon and its importance for the surgical treatment of tendon lesions

fibrosus, *1 – radius, *2 – biceps muscle, long head, *3 – pronator teres muscle The assessment of the insertion at the radius below the supinator muscle is ideally performed by scanning through the supinator muscle. The forearm is maximally pronated, and the wrist is flexed. Both the lateral and posterior approaches are suitable for this purpose. The insertion of the dBT is located at the radial tuberosity and a part at the fascia antebrachii (lacertus fibrosus). The entheseal medial insertion can

Giorgio Tamborrini, Magdalena Müller-Gerbl, Nicole Vogel, David Haeni

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 81, e129–e134


Standards of the Polish Ultrasound Society. Ultrasound examination of the portal system and hepatic vessels

reference centers). The diagnostic value of ultrasonography largely depends on the knowledge of anatomy, physiology, pathophysiology and clinical aspects as well as on the mastering of the scanning technique. In the hands of an experienced physician, it is an accurate and highly effective diagnostic tool;it is of little use otherwise. The paper presents elements of anatomy, physiology and pathophysiology which make the portal system exceptional and the knowledge of which is crucial and indispensable for

Robert Lechowicz, Michał Elwertowski

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 61, 208–226


New data on known species of Hirschmanniella and Pratylenchus (Rhabditida, Pratylenchidae) from Iran and South Africa

. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) Specimens preserved in glycerine were selected for observation under SEM according to Abolafia (2015). The nematodes were hydrated in distilled water, dehydrated in a graded ethanol-acetone series, critical point dried, coated with gold, and observed with a Zeiss Merlin microscope (5 kV) (Zeiss, Oberkochen, Germany). Statistical analysis Principal component analysis and the correlation of morphometric data using the Pearson method was done by XLSTAT (Addinsoft, 2007

Ebrahim Shokoohi, Joaquín Abolafia, Phatu William Mashela, Nafiseh Divsalar

Journal of Nematology , 1–26


Short-term exposure to high-intensity sound induces hearing loss and apoptosis in guinea pigs

removed under a dissecting microscope and perfused with a phosphate buffer solution and fixed in 1% osmium acid for 1.5 h to prepare the samples for scanning electron microscopy (SEM) observation. The S-4800 SEM (Hitachi, Japan) was used and pictures were taken. The cochleae were isolated, washed with phosphate buffer and fixed with 1% osmium acid for 1 h. Then, the samples were dehydrated by gradient alcohol and embedded in epoxy resin to prepare the area for transmission electron microscopy (TEM

Yanqing Liu, Hui Wang, Ziquan Liu, Yanjun Gu, Limin Xin, Jinyang Liu, Haojun Fan

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 2, 155–168

Review Article

Double aorta artifact in sonography – a diagnostic challenge

and make the artifact clearer. This phenomenon is usually easily recognizable and avoidable, but it sometimes might cause diagnostic difficulty. Obtaining an image of double abdominal vessels on ultrasound examination in transverse sections requires further inspection of the aorta in a different (sagittal) plane. This is not always possible due to poor patient preparation for scanning. Symmetrical flow on Doppler sonography is a typical feature of this artifact. Finally, magnetic resonance imaging

Robert Hadzik, Przemysław Bombiński, Michał Brzewski

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 68, 36–40

Review Article

Current knowledge on the use of ultrasound measurements of fetal soft tissues for the assessment of pregnancy development

Ultrasonography, with its detailed imaging of the fetus, is very widely used in obstetrics. The primary aim of ultrasound scanning in pregnancy is to limit the risk of obstetric complications by early detection of abnormalities, such as intrauterine growth restriction and macrosomia. Currently, morphometric formulae are used for estimating fetal weight. They utilize basic biometric parameters. However, Hadlock formula, used for fetal weight estimation, has an error rate of 20%. For this reason

Aleksandra Warska, Anna Maliszewska, Anna Wnuk, Beata Szyszka, Włodzimierz Sawicki, Krzysztof Cendrowski

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 72, 50–55


Recommendations for ultrasound examination in ophthalmology. Part II: Orbital ultrasound

scan, including functional ocular disorders (vision disorders, mobility disorders), autoimmune diseases, inflammatory conditions, proliferative processes, and others. The authors present Ossoinig’s standardized method which encompasses topographic, qualitative and kinetic echography, and may facilitate orbital ultrasound examinations. Moreover, the article shows management standards for ultrasound imaging of orbital pathologies with an emphasis on the relevance of equipment selection, scanning

Małgorzata Karolczak-Kulesza, Małgorzata Rudyk, Magdalena Niestrata-Ortiz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 75, 349–354

Research Article

Incidence of Oscheius onirici (Nematoda: Rhabditidae), a potentially entomopathogenic nematode from the marshlands of Wisconsin, USA

In a search for an entomopathogenic nematode to control cranberry insect pests, three Oscheius populations (Rhabditidae) were recovered through the Galleria-bait method from one sample taken in a wild cranberry marsh in Jackson County, Wisconsin, USA. Morphological studies with light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy, as well as molecular analyses of the near-full-length small subunit rDNA gene, D2/D3 expansion segments of the large subunit rDNA gene, internal transcribed spacer, and

Weimin Ye, Shane Foye, Ann E. MacGuidwin, Shawn Steffan

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 1, 9–26


Serendipitous identification of Pratylenchus curvicauda from the grainbelt of Western Australia

Pingelly with typical P. curvicauda features were fixed in 4% formaldehyde solution and sent to an expert taxonomist in the UK for further characterization. The detailed morphometric measurements obtained were compared with those taken in Australia. Preparation of nematode samples for scanning electron microscopy Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to further characterize P. curvicauda. To do this, single nematodes were fixed in 3% glutaraldehyde in 0.025 M phosphate buffer (pH 7.0) overnight

Farhana Begum, John Fosu-Nyarko, Shashi Sharma, Bill Macleod, Sarah Collins, Michael G. K. Jones

Journal of Nematology , 1–15

Original Paper

Intracellular Siderophore Detection in an Egyptian, Cobalt-Treated F. solani Isolate Using SEM-EDX with Reference to its Tolerance

An Egyptian, plant pathogenic Fusarium solani isolate was grown on cobalt concentrations of 0, 50, 200, 500, 800, and 1000 ppm. The iso­late survived concentrations up to 800 ppm, however failed to grow at 1000 ppm. Morphology and elemental analysis of the isolate under the investigated Co concentrations were studied using Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray microanalysis (EDX). The isolate reserved its morphology up to a concentration of 200 ppm. Morphological

Farrag M. Rasha

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 235–243


Guidelines for ultrasound examination in ophthalmology. Part III: Color Doppler ultrasonography

retrobulbar arteries. Moreover, there are no statistically significant differences between flow velocity in the right and left eye in healthy individuals(32,34). Scanning technique in retrobulbar vessel examination and patient preparation for CDI Before a CDI examination, the patient should lie down with their eyes closed, both eyes kept straight. With this eyeball position, one may localize and image all the retrobulbar arteries within the orbit. If small arteries (i.e. the central retinal artery or

Monika Modrzejewska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 77, 128–136

Research Article

Pathogenic Potential of Fresh, Frozen, and Thermally Treated Anisakis spp. Type II (L3) (Nematoda: Anisakidae) after Oral Inoculation into Wistar Rats: A Histopathological Study

dissected to investigate the presence of nematode larvae. Thirty fish (42.9%) of the total were parasitized by nematode larvae which were morphologically identified as Anisakis spp. Type II (L3) according to light and scanning electron microscopy. The pathogenic potential of oral inoculation of fresh, frozen, and thermally treated larvae into Wistar rats was elucidated by histological examination of their thymus and spleen. Results obtained indicated that neither cooling nor freezing of the parasite


Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 4, 427–436


Luffa cylindrica Immobilized with Aspergillus terreus QMS-1: an Efficient and Cost-Effective Strategy for the Removal of Congo Red using Stirred Tank Reactor

treated and untreated effluent samples under STR conditions. Treated and untreated STE samples were tested by using standard methods of Biological Oxygen Demand (APHA 5210 B), Chemical Oxygen Demand (APHA 5220 C), Total Dissolved Solids (APHA 2540 C), and Total Suspended Solids (APHA 2450 D). Scanning electron microscope analysis. The surface morphology of the best carrier material (natural loofah sponge) before and after the immobilization and biosorption was investigated using scanning electron


Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 193–203

Research Article

Description of Aphelenchoides giblindavisi n. sp. (Nematoda: Aphelenchoididae), and Proposal for a New Combination

One new and one known species of the genus Aphelenchoides from Iran are studied. Aphelenchoides giblindavisi n. sp. is mainly characterized by having five lines in the lateral fields at mid-body, and a single mucro with several tiny nodular protuberances, giving a warty appearance to it, as revealed by detailed scanning electron microscopic (SEM) studies. The new species is further characterized by having a body length of 546 to 795 μm in females and 523 to 679 μm in males, rounded lip region

Farzad Aliramaji, Ebrahim Pourjam, Sergio Álvarez-Ortega, Farahnaz Jahanshahi Afshar, Majid Pedram

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 3, 437–452


Do ankle, hindfoot, and heel ultrasound findings predict the symptomatology and quality of life in rheumatoid arthritis patients?

Oana Șerban, Iulia Papp, Corina Delia Bocșa, Mihaela Cosmina Micu, Maria Bădărînză, Adriana Albu, Daniela Fodor

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 81, e70–e82


Ultrasound screening for pyelectasis in pregnant women. Clinical necessity or “art for art’s sake”?

Biology classification. The pyelectasis volume measuring method using three-dimensional ultrasound scanning included in the criteria for the assessment of asymptomatic bacteriuria was assessed as sensitive and specific. The ultrasound-based evaluation of the kidneys for the presence of pyelectasis and its grade in pregnant women has some clinical implications. It allows for identifying cases with an increased risk of asymptomatic bacteriuria, which requires treatment in pregnant women. Screening

Piotr Szkodziak

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 73, 152–157

Original Paper

Production, Characterization and Valuable Applications of Exopolysaccharides from Marine Bacillus subtilis SH1

capacity increased with increasing the concentrationof the sample. Scanning electron microscopic analysis showed that EPS had compact film-like structure, which could make it a useful in the future applications as in preparing plasticized film.

Sahar W.M. Hassan, Hassan A.H. Ibrahim

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 4, 449–461

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