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research-article | 05-September-2020

Testing the Rip Van Winkle Effect: Sleep Extension following Nominal and Restricted Sleep

1. Introduction The negative effects of sleep restriction on alertness, mood, and performance have been demonstrated in laboratory and field studies (1–4). The effects of sleep extension, however, are less well understood. Sleep extension, for the purposes of this paper, refers to a sleep period which exceeds biological sleep need. Early studies of sleep extension observed a phenomenon in which oversleeping was associated with poorer outcomes for mood (5–7) and performance (7–10). Globus (5

CJ Hilditch, WC Dement, MA Carskadon

Eat, Sleep, Work, Volume 3 , 2–17

short-report | 05-September-2020

The Effects of Social Support on the Relationship between Infant Sleep and Postnatal Depression

1. Introduction Sleep is vital to every human being as it fulfills important functions and is the foundation to good health (1). Through experimental and naturalistic experiments, research has shown that not getting enough sleep can affect both the brain and body, impacting on our overall health (2). These sleep disturbances can have impacts on the individual with negative personal,societal and economic consequences (3), with statistics showing that sleep disturbances and disorders cost

Y King, S Blunden

Eat, Sleep, Work, Volume 2 , ISSUE 1, 2–17

research-article | 14-February-2020

Sleep in relation to psychiatric symptoms and perceived stress in Swedish adolescents aged 15 to 19 years

Introduction Good sleep is important for mental as well as somatic health in adolescents (1-6). In Sweden, studies have shown that people aged 16 to 24 years, especially females, have over time exhibited an increase in symptoms of anxiety, depression, and somatization (7, 8). Psychiatric disorders have, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), now become the second most common non-communicable health concern worldwide (cardiovascular disease being the leading concern) (9, 10

Frida Thorsén, Carl Antonson, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 8 , 10–17

research-article | 30-November-2020

Experimental chronic sleep fragmentation alters seizure susceptibility and brain levels of interleukins 1β and 6

INTRODUCTION Sleep fragmentation is defined as a series of brief arousals repeated consecutively throughout the night (Bonnet and Arand, 2003). This type of fractured sleep causes excessive daytime sleepiness, impaired cognition and numerous neurobehavioral deficits (Bonnet and Arand, 2003; Vijayan, 2012). Clinical and translational studies suggested certain lifestyle factors may be important modulators of epilepsy, elucidating those related to sleep as particularly important. Shift work and

Željko Grubač, Nikola Šutulović, Djudja Jerotić, Sonja Šuvakov, Aleksandra Rašić-Marković, Djuro Macut, Tatjana Simić, Olivera Stanojlović, Dragan Hrnčić

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 81 , ISSUE 1, 96–109

Short Report | 10-September-2020

Can pregnant women accurately report snoring? A pilot study

Sleep-Disordered Breathing (SDB) has been associated with possible negative outcomes, such as preeclampsia and foetal growth restriction. SDB screening tools have been developed for use within general populations. These included the use of self-reports and objective measurements. Seventeen pregnant women within their 34th to 37th week of pregnancy were recruited.  Participants undertook an overnight study within their home and SDB symptoms were monitored using the Watch-PAT 200 and an

Jane Warland, Jacinta Carpentieri, Jillian Dorrian

Eat, Sleep, Work, Volume 1 , ISSUE 1, 57–64

Research paper | 25-July-2017

Chronotype and sleep quality as a subphenotype in association studies of clock genes in mood disorders

Genetic background and clinical picture of mood disorders (MD) are complex and may depend on many genes and their potential interactions as well as environmental factors. Therefore, clinical variations, or endophenotypes, were suggested for association studies. The aim of the study was to investigate association between the chronotype (CH) and quality of sleep characteristics with polymorphisms CLOCK, ARNTL, TIMELESS and PER3 genes in MD. We included a total sample of 111 inpatients and 126

Monika Dmitrzak-Węglarz, Joanna Pawlak, Monika Wiłkość, Izabela Miechowicz, Małgorzata Maciukiewicz, Wanda Ciarkowska, Dorota Zaremba, Joanna Hauser

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 76 , ISSUE 1, 32–42

Original Paper | 10-September-2020

Behavioural Observation as a Means of Assessing Sleepiness Related Driving Impairment in Obstructive Sleep Apnea

This study compared the temporal pattern of non-verbal behaviours (actions not directly related to task performance) in obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) drivers under monotonous driving conditions following sleep restriction versus normal sleep. Seventeen patients with untreated severe OSA completed a 90-minute driving simulator task during mid-afternoon under two experimental conditions: prior normal habitual sleep (~8h) and prior sleep restriction (4h time in bed). Steering deviation and crash

Andrew Vakulin, Jillian Dorrian, Tristan R Duggan, Carla A Litchfield, Katherine J Cobb, Nick A Antic, Doug McEvoy, Stuart D Baulk, Peter G Catcheside

Eat, Sleep, Work, Volume 1 , ISSUE 1, 10–25

Review Paper | 09-December-2014

Encephalopathy with Electrical Status Epilepticus in Slow Wave Sleep – a review with an emphasis on regional (perisylvian) aspects

Aim. The aim of this article is to review criticaly the Electrical Status Epilepticus in Slow Sleep (ESES) phenomenon from a neurophysiological mechanisms aspect as well as terminological and classification issues. Methods. The review includes all the relevant papers published during the last 43 years on the subject of ESES and Continous Spike – Wave in Sleep (CSWS).These papers were identified in various large databases via the internet. Rewiev and remarks. ESES/CSWS phenomena can be

Peter Halász, Márta Hegyi, Zsuzsa Siegler, András Fogarasi

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 22 , ISSUE 2, 71–87

Research Article | 27-December-2017


Sleep apnea is a growing sleep disorder issue and estimate to affect 7% of the adult population in Malaysia. In this study, the electrical activity of the brain is studied using Electroencephalogram (EEG). The data obtained was then decomposed using three methods; Empirical Mode Decomposition (EMD), Bivariate EMD and finally Ensemble EMD. The Index of Orthogonatility (IO) was obtained which shows EMD performed the most poorly, EEMD the best and Bivariate in between. The performance of EMD


International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 2, 481–497

Original Paper | 10-September-2020

The impact of returning to a daytime schedule on sleep, performance and mood after simulated fixed and rotating split shift schedules

Split shift schedules which minimise consecutive hours awake and maintain adequate total sleep time per 24h may be a suita-ble alternative to long shifts. However, when returning to a daytime schedule (RTDS), performance and sleep deficits may occur as a result of changing the timing of sleep and wake periods. The first aim of the current study was to check whether fixed and rotating split shift schedules with 20h time in bed (TIB) per 48h minimised cumulative deficits in sleep, performance and

Stephanie Centofanti, Michelle Short, Cassie J Hilditch, Jillian Dorrian, Mark Kohler, Siobhan Banks

Eat, Sleep, Work, Volume 1 , ISSUE 1, 39–56

Research paper | 29-September-2017

Narcolepsy type 1 and hypersomnia associated with a psychiatric disorder show different slow wave activity dynamics

The aim of the study was to compare electrophysiological parameters of night sleep in narcolepsy type 1 and hypersomnia associated with a psychiatric disorder. Forty-four patients: 15 with narcolepsy type 1, 14 with hypersomnia associated with a psychiatric disorder and 15 age- and sex-matched controls participated in the study. The study subjects filled in the Athens Insomnia Scale (AIS) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). The severity of daytime sleepiness was quantified subjectively

Ewa Walacik-Ufnal, Anna Justyna Piotrowska, Dorota Wołyńczyk-Gmaj, Piotr Januszko, Bartłomiej Gmaj, Marcin Ufnal, Marek Kabat, Marcin Wojnar

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 77 , ISSUE 2, 147–156

research-article | 30-November-2018

Dexamethasone induces alterations of slow wave oscillation, rapid eye movement sleep and high-voltage spindle in rats

al., 2018). Stress hormones produce neurobiological effects through glucocorticoid receptors generally localized in the brain. In humans, sympathoadrenal system hyperactivity is associated with impaired sleep continuity (Hubain et al., 1998). Different brain mechanisms are implicated in sleep disturbances experienced by people with different mental disorders (Staner et al., 2003). Many reports have consistently shown that stress hormones can cause impairments in several cognitive functions in

Acharaporn Issuriya, Ekkasit Kumarnsit, Chayaporn Reakkamnuan, Nifareeda Samerphob, Pornchai Sathirapanya, Dania Cheaha

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 79 , ISSUE 3, 252–261

Review | 20-July-2021

The effect of headgear treatment on the development of obstructive sleep apnoea. A systematic review

Aim: To evaluate the effect of the cervical headgear on the development of obstructive sleep apnoea and subsequent alterations of oropharyngeal dimensions. Materials and method: An electronic database search of published and unpublished literature was performed (MEDLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Clinical and National Research Register). Search terms included obstructive sleep apnoea, sleep disorders, pharyngeal

Vera Studer, Despina Koletsi, Anna Iliadi, Theodore Eliades

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 34 , ISSUE 2, 239–249

Review Paper | 22-November-2016

The relationship of medial temporal lobe epilepsy with the declarative memory system

Introduction. Medial temporal lobe of epilepsy (MTLE) is considered as local/regional epilepsy. However, as was discussed in Part I of this review (Halasz, 2016a) there is more evidence regarding the involvement of both temporal lobes so as to consider MTLE as one of the typical bilateral system epilepsies. Aim. To provide contemporary review of MTLE in relation to the declarative memory system and the newly recognized hippocampo-frontal memory consolidation during slow wave sleep. Methods. A

Péter Halász

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 24 , ISSUE 2, 157–165

research-article | 12-October-2021

The risk for paediatric obstructive sleep apnoea in rural Queensland

Introduction Paediatric obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a sleep-related breathing disorder (SRBD) characterised by partial or complete obstruction of the airway leading to disturbances in breathing while asleep. Fully diagnosed paediatric OSA has a reported prevalence of 1–4% in school-aged children, while many additional children, suspected of suffering from OSA and other forms of SRBD, remain undiagnosed.1–3 If left untreated, paediatric OSA may result in negative consequences related to

Marguerite A. Fischer, Ersan I. Karadeniz, Carlos Flores-Mir, Daniel Lindsay, Carmen Karadeniz

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 37 , ISSUE 2, 197–205

review-article | 05-September-2020

Timing - Understanding Central and Peripheral Clocks

activity to regular periods. Different species have adapted to different sleep/wake patterns (such as being diurnal or nocturnal) due to a number of factors. Doing so favours survival by maximising activity efficiency – increasing activity when food and prey availability is maximal and predator risk is minimal, and decreasing energy expenditure when food and prey availability is minimal and predator risk is maximal (1). In turn, when an organism is active, metabolic processes are coordinated to harvest

JM Stepien, A Coates, S. Banks

Eat, Sleep, Work, Volume 3 , 18–38

research-article | 12-January-2022

The relationship between behavioral problems and screen time in children during COVID-19 school closures in Japan

the incidence of such problems. We also assessed the connection between sleep habits and children’s problems. Methods Participants This was a cross-sectional study conducted in July 2020, which enrolled students from all four public elementary schools in Miyaki-Machi, a suburban town in Saga prefecture, Japan. Parents received a letter describing the study and a questionnaire to be returned to the school by July 30 after completion. Participants were offered no financial incentive. The Regional

Chika Ueno, Shuichi Yamamoto

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 10 , 1–8

Article | 30-July-2021

Mandibular advancement appliance effects on obstructive sleep apnoea: a prospective three dimensional computed tomography study

Background: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of an elastic mandibular advancement (EMA) appliance on upper airway dimensions, most constricted area (MCA) of the airway, and snoring in a sample of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) patients of varying severity. Methods: Forty-seven male subjects were classified into two groups comprising12 controls and 35 suffering from OSA. The OSA group was further divided into three subgroups based on their apnoea-hypopnoea index (AHI). All

Ahmed Ghoneima, Cynthia Bodkin, Kelton Stewart, Mark J. Perlow, John Starbuck, Katherine Kula

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 33 , ISSUE 1, 14–23

Abstract Supplements | 10-September-2020

Special Abstract Supplement, Adelaide Sleep Retreat, 6th Annual Meeting, 2015

Emily Duncanson, Binh Truong, Justyna Pollok, Scott Coussens, Charlotte Gupta, Zachariah Reuben Cross, Emily Watson, Yaroslava King, Bradley Smith, David Stevens

Eat, Sleep, Work, Volume 1 , ISSUE 1, 91–102

Article | 30-June-2013


monitored targets. This paper proposes a novel duty cycling design for target monitoring sensor networks, which includes two algorithms - sleep scheduling algorithm and gradient query algorithm based on sleep periods. In the proposed design, most of sensor nodes are sleeping, while still keep the functions of target monitoring and information query in the sensor networks. The performance of our design has been evaluated through both theoretical analysis and simulations, which prove the functionality of

Ying Guo, Feng Hong, Zhongwen Guo

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 3, 1054–1076

Research paper | 10-October-2018

Effects of PINK1 mutation on synapses and behavior in the brain of Drosophila melanogaster

Mutations in the PINK1 gene are responsible for typical symptoms of Parkinson’s disease. Using Drosophila melanogaster mutant PINK1B9 and after PINK1 silencing with RNAi using transgenic lines, we observed defects in synapses and behavior. The lack or reduced expression of PINK1 prolonged sleep during the day (nap) and decreased the total locomotor activity during 24 h, in addition to a decrease in climbing ability and a reduced lifespan. In the brain, PINK1 mutants had a lower level of

Bartosz Doktór, Milena Damulewicz, Wojciech Krzeptowski, Barbara Bednarczyk, Elżbieta Pyza

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 78 , ISSUE 3, 231–241

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Analyzing and Processing EEG-based Multichannel Signals Acquired during Sleeping

. Since EEG signals are obtained from multiple electrodes, the problem is addressed to processing of signals acquired from multiple channels according to sensor array techniques. The objective of this work is to define an automatic method to detect transient event, changes of sleep stage in EEG signals which can allow an evaluation of the state of the patient. In this first step we analyze and process EEG signals through EMD method to remove EMG contributes. The obtained results are encouraging in the

P. Vergallo, A. Lay-Ekuakille, N.I. Giannocaro, A. Trabacca, R. Della Porta, M. De Rinaldis

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–4

Article | 16-December-2013

Performance Analysis of ECG Signal Compression using SPIHT

In this paper, we analyze the performance of electrocardiogram (ECG) signal compression by comparing original and reconstructed signal on two problems. First, automatic sleep stage classification based on ECG signal; second, arrhythmia classification. An effective ECG signal compression method based on two-dimensional wavelet transform which employs set partitioning in hierarchical trees (SPIHT) and beat reordering technique used to compress the ECG signal. This method utilizes the redundancy

Sani Muhamad Isa, M. Eka Suryana, M. Ali Akbar, Ary Noviyanto, Wisnu Jatmiko, Aniati Murni Arymurthy

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 5, 2011–2039

research-article | 06-April-2020

Local field potential power spectra and locomotor activity following treatment with pseudoephedrine in mice

(in the web version) spot. The software was programmed to count the number of movements. One count was determined as a period of continuous translocation until the animal stopped. Sleep-wake parameters were analyzed from video records and LFP signals, following each treatment (Fig. 3). Video records of individual animals were used to identify periods of mobility and immobility. Then, LFP signals were converted into spectrograms to visualize changes in oscillations. Sleep spindles were identified

Nusaib Sa-ih, Chayaporn Reakkamnuan, Nifareeda Samerphob, Dania Cheaha, Saree Niyomdecha, Ekkasit Kumarnsit

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 80 , ISSUE 1, 19–31

Original Paper | 02-January-2015

The pathophysiology of Lennox-Gastaut syndrome – a review of clinico-electrophysiological studies

Introduction. Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS) is a type of therapy-resistant epileptic syndrome. Since the establishment of our Epilepsy Center in 1975 we have performed many studies to assess the clinical symptoms, seizure manifestations, sleep and long-term follow-up of the clinical course and changes on electroencephalographs (EEGs) in patients with LGS. Aim. To review the updated pathophysiology of LGS based on our own clinico-electrophysiological data referring to recent advances in brain

Kazuichi Yagi

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 23 , ISSUE 1, 7–23

short-report | 05-September-2020

Long-Term Evaluation of an Australian Peer Outdoor Support Therapy for Contemporary War Veterans

). The LSQ is a 13-item questionnaire measuring quality of life in 13 domains on a 10-point Likert scale ranging from 0 (dissatisfied) to 10 (satisfied) (32). LSQ reliability was found to be α=0.73 (38). Questions include life satisfaction in “the home in which you live” and “your current sleep pattern” (32). Scores across items are summed for a total score of life satisfaction. The larger the score, the greater the individual’s overall life satisfaction (minimum=0, maximum=130). General Perceived

S Cloete, L Chantler

Eat, Sleep, Work, Volume 3 , 39–53

short-report | 05-September-2020

Understanding the Impact of Child Sexual Abuse on Women’s Sexual Lives: A Discourse Analysis

K Birchmore, N Moulding, C. Zufferey

Eat, Sleep, Work, Volume 3 , 54–62

short-report | 05-September-2020

A Case Study of Meditation to Reduce Alcohol Use Disorder Symptomology in Veteran PTSD Comorbidity

C Hicks, S. Centofanti

Eat, Sleep, Work, Volume 2 , ISSUE 1, 18–24

Original Paper | 10-September-2020

Impact of an enclosure rotation on the activity budgets of two zoo-housed giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca): An observational case study

Jillian Claire Ryan, Carla A Litchfield

Eat, Sleep, Work, Volume 1 , ISSUE 1, 26–38

Call to Arms | 10-September-2020

Napping on night shift: Powerful tool or hazard?

Siobhan Banks, Cassie Hilditch, Stephanie Centofanti, Jillian Dorrian

Eat, Sleep, Work, Volume 1 , ISSUE 1, 72–77

Abstract Supplements | 10-September-2020

Special Abstract Supplement, PhD Electronic Poster Evening, School of Psychology, Social Work and Social Policy, University of South Australia

John Mingoia, MD S.R Jabin, Cassie Hilditch, Stephanie Newton Webb, Sarah Mellish

Eat, Sleep, Work, Volume 1 , ISSUE 1, 84–90

Call to Arms | 10-September-2020

The art of train driving: Flexing the boundaries to manage risk within an inflexible system

Anjum Naweed, Valerie O’Keeffe, Michelle R Tuckey

Eat, Sleep, Work, Volume 1 , ISSUE 1, 78–83

Research Article | 13-December-2017

Microcontroller based Power Efficient Signal Conditioning Unit for Detection of a Single Gas using MEMS based Sensor

power management chip) is ~ 36mW in the ON state and only ~7.2μW in OFF state (sleep mode). The test gas in this particular case was methane for which sensor resistance varied from 100KΩ to 10KΩ. This hybrid sensor system is very much suitable for detecting a single gas with display of corresponding gas concentrations and subsequent alarming if the threshold limit is crossed.

P. Bhattacharyya, D. Verma, D. Banerjee

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 3 , ISSUE 4, 771–782

research-article | 23-April-2019


, the driver’s cognitive aspect, especially the level of driver’s awareness of various road conditions, is also an interesting characteristic to consider. A number of other studies not only discussed the symptoms causing drowsiness but also tried to investigate related factors that cause sleepiness or fatigue while driving. On the other hand, some discussed the quantity and quality of sleep as well as food and drink intake before and while driving. Some research studies have investigated the effect

Iftikar Zahedi SUTALAKSANA, Gradiyan Budi PRATAMA, Putra Alif Ramdhani YAMIN, Herman Rahadian SOETISNA

Transport Problems, Volume 14 , ISSUE 1, 5–12

research-article | 29-October-2021

The Road Less Travelled: Identifying Support Needs in Lewy Body Dementia

caregiver respondents in the LBS survey 2014, requested information about approaches that others in similar positions found beneficial (Killen et al., 2016). High levels of burden are attributable to unique LBD stressors: delusions, depression, apathy, sleep disturbance, hallucinations and high dependency with activities of daily living (Legett, et al., 2011; van de Beek et al., 2021). The prevalence of behavioural and emotional problems (BEPS’s) in LBD may contribute to an increase in subjective burden

Madelaine B. Rañola

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 31 , ISSUE 2, 27–31

Research Article | 30-November-2015

Anxiety Disorders among Adolescents referred to General Psychiatry for Multiple Causes: Clinical Presentation, Prevalence, and Comorbidity

(57.6% girls) between the ages of 12 and 18 years who were consecutively referred to two child and adolescent general psychiatry clinics in Sweden were assessed for anxiety disorders and comorbidity using the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children. Self-ratings of anxiety symptoms and difficulties with family, school, friends, sleep, and body aches were also obtained.At least one anxiety disorder was found in 46% of participants. Among anxious adolescents

Susanne Olofsdotter, Sofia Vadlin, Karin Sonnby, Tomas Furmark, Kent W. Nilsson

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 4 , ISSUE 2, 55–64

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Optimisation  of solar power intake for wireless sensor networks at temperate latitudes

, we base the future node performance on the weather from a previous year.  From analysis of the weather data, the hardware requirements for the sensor node are then made from the power consumption of the sensor node for sensing, sleep and data transmission.  It was found that to maximise the time over which the solar irradiance exceeds that required to power our demonstration sensor node, the solar cell should be positioned horizontally.

Ralph Stevenson-Jones, Med Benyezzar, Patricia Scully

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–5

Research paper | 31-July-2017

Age‑dependent concomitant changes in synaptic function and GABAergic pathway in the APP/PS1 mouse model

by alteration in the GABAergic neurotransmission. Thus, age‑dependent alteration in the inhibitory/ excitatory balance might underpin the symptomatic changes observed with the progression of Alzheimer’s disease pathology including sleep disturbance and epileptic events.

Tutu Oyelami, An De Bondt, Ilse Van den Wyngaert, Kirsten Van Hoorde, Luc Hoskens, Hamdy Shaban, John A. Kemp, Wilhelmus H. Drinkenburg

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 76 , ISSUE 4, 282–293

Article | 20-July-2021

Evaluation of the posterior airway space following orthopaedic treatment of mandibular deficient Class II malocclusion – a pilot study

Background: The use of Twin Block therapy is a well-accepted functional treatment option for the correction of a Class II malocclusion. In addition to skeletal and dental changes, its use may also promote changes in airway structure and dimension, including the size of the posterior airway space (PAS). This may be of importance in reducing the risk of developing obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS). Materials and methods: Sixteen (16) subjects (eight females and eight males) underwent

Christopher J. Costello, John Sambevski, Lam L. Cheng, M. Ali Darendeliler

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 34 , ISSUE 1, 11–16

Review Paper | 30-September-2016

The epileptic multifactorial patient’s burden. Review of the topic

decreased quality of life. Decreased self-esteem and major stigma are also frequent, linked to social, economic and personal negative consequences. Age also plays a role, younger people being more stigmatized given the interdiction to drive or difficulty in getting a job. In the elderly, seizures may have an impact on mental status, mood and sleep. Gender may also contribute, particularly involving women in childbearing age, linked to the fear or depression due to the possibility of AED-induced

José Pimentel

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 24 , ISSUE 2, 167–172

book-review | 19-August-2019

Validation of the Diagnostic Infant and Preschool Assessment in a Danish, trauma-exposed sample of young children

and other internalizing symptoms can be difficult to detect in young children as their verbal and cognitive abilities are still developing (25, 26). As for older children and adults, symptoms of hyperarousal include hypervigilance, exaggerated startle response, concentration problems, sleep disturbance, irritability, and anger outbursts. For young children the latter can also include extreme temper tantrums. To distinguish transient behaviors in very young children, who are rapidly developing

Sille Schandorph Løkkegaard, Mette Elmose, Ask Elklit

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 7 , 39–51

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