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Research Article | 27-February-2017

IDENTIFICATION OF TRAFFIC CONGESTION ON URBAN ARTERIALS FOR HETEROGENEOUS TRAFFIC

Summary. With the rapid growth of urban traffic, the gap between traffic demand and supply is increasing by the day, and traffic congestion has become a part of urban Indian life. The following aspects have become important for transportation planners and managers: identification of the frequently congested road sections, estimating their influence on the entire road network, and improving the connectivity and accessibility of the whole road network. Identification of congestion metric is the

Amudapuram Mohan RAO, K. Ramachandra RAO

Transport Problems, Volume 11 , ISSUE 3, 131–142

research-article | 23-April-2019

THE APPLICATION OF RELIABILITY REALLOCATION MODEL IN TRAFFIC SAFETY ANALYSIS ON RURAL ROADS

1. INTRODUCTION Injuries in road traffic represent a significant global public issue. Road traffic is the most complex and most dangerous system. According to estimates by the World Health Organization, each year 1.24 million people around the world are killed in road traffic accidents, whereas the number of injured ranges between 20 and 50 million [1]. Research in Europe indicates that in 2016, 25500 people lost their lives on EU roads, and further 135000 people were seriously injured on the

Svetlana BAČKALIĆ, Dragan JOVANOVIĆ, Todor BAČKALIĆ, Boško MATOVIĆ, Miloš PLJAKIĆ

Transport Problems, Volume 14 , ISSUE 1, 115–125

Article | 05-September-2013

An ADAPTIVE TRAFFIC LIGHT CONTROL SCHEME AND ITS IMPLEMENTATIONIN WSN-BASED ITS

We investigate the problem of adaptive control of traffic lights using real-time traffic information collected by a wireless sensor network (WSN). Previous studies mainly focused on optimizing the intervals of green lights in a fixed sequence of traffic lights, and ignored some traffic flow’s characteristics and special traffic circumstances. In this paper, an adaptive traffic light control scheme has been proposed, in which the sequence of traffic lights can be adjusted dynamically in

Binbin Zhou, Jiannong Cao, Jingjing Li

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 4, 1559–1581

research-article | 23-April-2019

INTELLIGENT SYSTEM FOR IMPROVED SAFETY OF PEDESTRIAN TRAFFIC LIGHTS

1. INTRODUCTION The traffic control and road safety are a major issue for contemporary society. The United Nations declared the period 2011-2020 the “Decade of Action for Road Safety” [1]. In the White paper from 2011, the European Commission suggested a new approach towards a “zero-vision” on road safety, in order to eliminate the fatalities and severe injuries occurring on the European Union roads. With decision № 946/22.12.2011, the Ministry Council of Bulgaria adopted the National strategy

Boris EVSTATIEV, Toncho BALBUZANOV, Ivan BELOEV, Velizara PENCHEVA

Transport Problems, Volume 14 , ISSUE 1, 35–43

Article | 23-April-2018

Evaluation on Traffic Guidance Plan during Construction Period based on Vissim Simulation

With the urbanization process speeding up, the construction of City Road increased rapidly. So limited road resource is often occupied during the road construction, which makes road capacity of construction affected area greatly decrease. Then the contradiction of city original transport supply becomes more prominent. Therefore, it is very important to make a reasonable traffic organization plan. At first According to the present traffic investigation and construction site management program

Zheng Huimin, Chen Xuan, Sun Zhanxian

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls, Volume 2 , ISSUE 4, 181–185

Research Article | 02-February-2017

NEW POSSIBILITIES OF RAILWAY TRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEMS

Summary. This article analyses the train traffic control systems in 1435 mm and 1520 mm gauge railways. The article analyses the aspects of train traffic control and locomotive energy saving by using the coordinates of track profile change that have been received from GPS. In the article, achievements of Lithuanian railways (LG) in the area of train traffic control optimisation are presented.

Lionginas LIUDVINAVIČIUS, Aleksander SŁADKOWSKI

Transport Problems, Volume 11 , ISSUE 2, 133–142

Research Article | 13-December-2017

SELF-ORGANIZING URBAN TRAFFIC CONTROL ARCHITECTURE WITH SWARM-SELF ORGANIZING MAP IN JAKARTA: SIGNAL CONTROL SYSTEM AND SIMULATOR

Urban traffic control is the main factor that contributes to traffic jam. Approach in distributed Urban traffic control has been developed in several research, but the coordinating controller factor is basically a quite complicated task to tackle, because between intersection have dependency, so required a method of distributed control system capable for synchronizing between intersections. In this paper we present architecture of decentralized self-organizing traffic control with swarm-self

W. Jatmiko, A. Azurat, Herry, A. Wibowo, H. Marihot, M. Wicaksana, I. Takagawa, K. Sekiyama, T. Fukuda

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 3 , ISSUE 3, 443–465

Article | 30-September-2021

TRAFFIC MODELING OF INTERSECTIONS ON VAJNORSKA STREET IN BRATISLAVA

This article focuses on traffic modeling of intersections in Aimsun. The intersections studied are in Bratislava, the capital of Slovakia. Every year, the number of vehicles on roads increases and congestions are created. Individual intersections do not have unlimited capacity. Simulations help to predict possible future problems and thus the possibility to prevent them. Accordingly, at intersections on Vajnorská street, a traffic survey was carried out using video cameras. Then

Ambróz HÁJNIK, Veronika HARANTOVÁ, Alica KALAŠOVÁ, Kristián ČULÍK

Transport Problems, Volume 16 , ISSUE 3, 29–40

Article | 15-March-2021

DRIVERS' TENDENCIES TO ENGAGE IN ABERRANT DRIVING BEHAVIORS THAT VIOLATE TRAFFIC REGULATIONS IN KUWAIT

Several abnormal driving behaviors in violation of traffic rules can be observed on the road network in Kuwait. These behaviors would likely hinder traffic flow and can worsen traffic congestion. These behaviors may also cause simulation model outputs to deviate from actual traffic conditions. Such aberrant behaviors have not been addressed in the literature, either in terms of the rate of occurrence or in terms of the factors influencing drivers’ engagement in these behaviors. This study

Mahdi SHEHAB, Dawood ALKANDARI

Transport Problems, Volume 16 , ISSUE 1, 19–28

Article | 30-November-2018

A New Method of Improving the Traditional Traffic Identification and Accuracy

loss, network congestion, and time delay in the process of data transmission. The maneuverability of the network is greatly reduced, the normal operation of the network is affected, and huge economic losses are incurred. Therefore, how to identify and classify the network traffic in real time helps the Internet service provider to understand the network operation status and optimize the network operation and management. It is of great significance. The current popular network traffic identification

Wang Zhongsheng, Gao Jiaqiong

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls, Volume 3 , ISSUE 3, 53–60

Article | 18-June-2020

PROBLEM OF AERODYNAMIC INTERACTION OF TRAFFIC STREAMS

This study presents a model of continuous oncoming traffic flows of vehicles along highways. The flow of atmospheric air and impurity particles is modeled numerically based on unsteady Reynolds-Averaged Navier–Stokes equations using the MTFS® authoring software. Detailing of the flow patterns allows arbitrary length regions of periodicity, taking into account a crosswind. The examples provided demonstrate some of the results of the aerodynamic interaction of two oncoming columns of

Valerii SOLODOV

Transport Problems, Volume 15 , ISSUE 2, 133–142

Article | 15-March-2021

ROAD TRAFFIC DISTRIBUTION ON PUBLIC HOLIDAYS AND WORKDAYS ON SELECTED ROAD TRANSPORT NETWORK ELEMENTS

As a rule, the road traffic volume distribution in particular hours on working days shows certain patterns on specific types of roads. Public holidays during the year cause disturbances and differences in the distribution of the daily traffic volume compared to working days. The road traffic volume distribution during the day is very important in the analysis of phenomena occurring in terms of road traffic. Knowledge of the values of traffic volumes during the day and their variability allows

Elżbieta MACIOSZEK, Agata KUREK

Transport Problems, Volume 16 , ISSUE 1, 127–138

Article | 04-November-2019

SELECTION PROCESS AS A KEY HUMAN ASPECT IN AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL

The article deals with the characteristics of the provision of air traffic services (in member states of European Civil Aviation Conference (ECAC)), as one of the main subject supporting global tourism, as well as with the selection of suitable candidates for the air traffic controller profession and the means and methods that are being used for the selection of eligible candidates. The authors present an original elaboration of approaches to selection processes in the Czech Republic in the

David LANGR, Jindřich PLOCH, Petr RUDOLF, Stanislav SZABO, Iveta VAJDOVÁ

Transport Problems, Volume 14 , ISSUE 3, 75–84

research-article | 30-November-2019

Indonesian traffic sign detection based on Haar-PHOG features and SVM classification

eighth, just below diabetes (World Health Organization, 2018). This shows that public awareness of driving safety is still low. Traffic signs are one of the essential factors of road safety, other than vehicle, road, and driver’s conditions, as well as the weather. Therefore, every driver should obey traffic signs to minimize the likelihood of accidents. The Government of Indonesia has regulated traffic through law No. 22 of 2009 on road traffic and transportation, in article 106 paragraph 4, which

Aris Sugiharto, Agus Harjoko, Suharto Suharto

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 13 , ISSUE 1, 1–15

Article | 08-December-2019

FUZZY EXPERT SYSTEM FOR ADAPTIVE VESSEL TRAFFIC CONTROL ON ONE-WAY SECTION ON NAVIGABLE CANAL

This paper analyses the management process of the vessel traffic control on one-way section on navigable canal with the adaptive time-sequential filter (traffic lights). One-way section on canal significantly decreases waterway capacity and requests special attention in control and regulation of the vessel traffic. The vessel traffic is a stochastic variable, and the vessel traffic control needs to be flexible and adaptive in order to achieve the required traffic flow with minimal delays. On

Vladimir BUGARSKI, Todor BAČKALIĆ, Željko KANOVIĆ, Filip KULIĆ, Miloš ZEKOVIĆ

Transport Problems, Volume 14 , ISSUE 4, 39–50

Research Article | 20-February-2013

Traffic Signal Control for Urban Trunk Road Based on Wireless Sensor Network and Intelligent Algorithm

Based on the analysis for the present research on controlling urban trunk road, a intelligent control method for urban trunk road based on wireless sensor and fuzzy neural network was proposed. In this method, we took two layers of WSN structure. The first one was data collecting layer, which consisted of traffic information collecting nodes and sink nodes. Data collecting layer was responsible for collecting vehicle information at single crossing, transmitted to the second layer after data

Peng Xiaohong, Mo Zhi, Liao Riyao

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 1, 352–367

Article | 31-December-2020

A REVIEW OF APPROACHES TO THE STUDY OF WEATHER'S EFFECT ON ROAD TRAFFIC PARAMETERS

The paper describes selected research achievements into the effect of weather on road traffic from the perspective of various combinations of traffic characteristics and meteorological conditions. Studies to date have focused on different traffic parameters and changes in them as a consequence of weather variety. In making a comparative analysis, researchers identify the optimal weather conditions for road traffic and driver perception. Research in this field is conducted using a variety of

Dominika JARMUŻ, Jerzy CHMIEL

Transport Problems, Volume 15 , ISSUE 4, Part 2, 241–251

Article | 23-March-2018

OBJECTIFICATION OF SUBJECTIVE ESTIMATION OF ABNORMAL CASES DANGER IN AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL

In the article, the problems of objectification of the subjective danger estimation for abnormal cases in air traffic control are considered. An overview of currently existing approaches is given. In addition, the article presents the analysis of the statistical results of testing 252 air traffic controllers. This study reveals a subjective danger estimation inadequacy and its connection to air traffic controller’s potential extreme working capacity. A new approach to objectification of

Olga ARINICHEVA, Yakov DALINGER, Aleksei MALISHEVSKII, Nikolai SUKHIKH, Yurii KHOROSHAVTSEV

Transport Problems, Volume 13 , ISSUE 1, 5–18

Research Article | 02-February-2017

Signal Controlled Junctions Calculations in Traffic-Capacity Assessment - Aimsun, Omnitrans, Webster and TP 10/2010 Results Comparison

Every increase in traffic volume on road network in towns can lead to overcrowding of road network. This results in undesirable external costs such as traffic congestions, which cause high loses in time during transportation, increased fuel consumption and thus higher production of greenhouse gases and noise. This all ultimately reduces the attractiveness of the area. The increase of traffic volume and therefrom derived traffic problems are needed to be solved during traffic-capacity assessment

Ľubomír ČERNICKÝ, Alica KALAŠOVÁ, Ján KAPUSTA

Transport Problems, Volume 11 , ISSUE 1, 121–130

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Automated Traffic Analysis in Aerial Images

In this work an automated traffic analysis in aerial image sequences recorded by an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) has been developed, which provides the trajectories of the vehicles especially during overtaking. Methods of photogrammetry and image processing are used to detect the vehicles and to determine and track their positions. Camera calibration is necessary in order to transform image coordinates into world coordinates.

Tom Hößler, Tom Landgraf

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–5

Research Article | 01-September-2017

CIRCULAR TRAFFIC SIGN CLASSIFICATION USING HOGBASED RING PARTITIONED MATCHING

This paper presents a technique to classify the circular traffic sign based-on HOG (histogram of oriented gradients) and a ring partitioned matching. The method divides an image into several ring areas, and calculates the HOG feature on each ring area. In the matching process, the weight is assigned to each ring for calculating the distance of HOG feature between tested image and reference image. The experimental results show that the proposed algorithm achieves a high classification rate of

Aryuanto Soetedjo, I Komang Somawirata

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 10 , ISSUE 3, 735–753

Research paper | 23-October-2017

ON A FAIR MANIFOLD FARE RATING ON A LONG TRAFFIC LINE

The paper studies the possibilities to design a fair manifold tariff on a long traffic line. If a single tariff is used on a long bus or railway line, passengers travelling long distances are favoured at the expense of those travelling short distances. The fairest approach to tariff is setting an individual tariff for every origin–destination relation of line stops that expresses real travel costs. However, sometimes the individual tariff is too complicated and is therefore replaced by double

Stanislav PALÚCH, Tomáš MAJER

Transport Problems, Volume 12 , ISSUE 2, 5–11

Article | 03-October-2018

WAYS TO ADDRESS THE CHALLENGES IN PASSENGER TRAFFIC WITHIN THE URBAN TRANSPORT SYSTEMS

The paper dwells on developing the measures required for the effective functioning of urban bus routes, which are of great practical importance. As the analysis shows that in order to effectively organize urban passenger traffic and determine their optimal number on the routes, it is necessary to determine the pattern of changes in passenger flows, and on this basis, to distribute the number of buses in accordance with day–night hours. Based on this, an analysis of factors has been carried out

Tamaz MORCHADZE, Nunu RUSADZE

Transport Problems, Volume 13 , ISSUE 3, 65–77

Article | 30-September-2021

IMPROVING THE EFFICIENCY OF VEHICLE OPERATION AND ITS ENVIRONMENTAL FRIENDLINESS WITHIN THE CONTROLLED CROSSINGS

This paper is devoted to improving both the efficiency and the environmental friendliness of road vehicles during their operations through optimization of traffic phase duration within the controlled crossings. A novel criterion to optimize traffic phase duration within a controlled crossing is proposed. The proposed criterion supposes the minimal total delays of all road users waiting for a permissive traffic signal at the crossing and takes into consideration both pedestrian density and the

Serhii TURPAK, Vjacheslav TRUSHEVSKY, Olexiy KUZ’KIN, Sergey GRITCAY, Igor TARAN

Transport Problems, Volume 16 , ISSUE 3, 119–130

Article | 06-July-2017

MODELLING ROAD TRAFFIC CRASHES USING SPATIAL AUTOREGRESSIVE MODEL WITH ADDITIONAL ENDOGENOUS VARIABLE

Road traffic crashes have become a global issue of concern because of the number of deaths and injuries. The model of interest is a linear cross sectional Spatial Autoregressive (SAR) model with additional endogenous variables, exogenous variables and SAR disturbances. The focus is on RTC in Oyo state, Nigeria. The number of RTC in each LGA of the state is the dependent variable. A 33×33 weights matrix; travel density; land area and major road length of each LGA were used as exogenous variables

Olusanya Elisa Olubusoye, Grace Oluwatoyin Korter, Afees Adebare Salisu

Statistics in Transition New Series, Volume 17 , ISSUE 4, 659–670

Research Article | 21-April-2017

Research of influence of small capacity passenger vehicles to work of transport system

The task of increase of traffic safety has got a special acuteness for large cities of Russia in connection with expansion of service of passengers of route taxis. In the paper results of research of technical operation’s conditions of route taxis, qualifications and the experience of their drivers are resulted, and also some ways of increase of safety on city routing traffic are offered.

Grigory BOYKO, Sergey TUJRIN, Vitaliy FEDOTOV

Transport Problems, Volume 10 , ISSUE 1, 23–30

Article | 07-May-2018

Simulation of Self-similarFlowBased on Fractal Gaussian Noise Method

The conventional network traffic flow models are mostly based on Poisson model. With the continuous development of network services, studies found that the actual network traffic has a long-range dependence (LRD) now and in a very long time, which is a kind of self-similarity. In this paper, RMD and Fourier algorithm were adopted to simulate and analyze a self-similar model of FGN. They generated the necessary sequence of self-similar traffic. Then the article uses R/S method to verify H value

Li Jie, Lu Ying, Tang Junyong

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls, Volume 3 , ISSUE 2, 66–70

research-article | 31-August-2021

One Way Travel Restriction Device

I. Background Of The Idea In today’s society, with the gradual improvement of material living standards, cars have been popularized. According to statistics, as of May 3, 2020, the number of motor vehicles in Xi’an has exceeded 3 million, even 764 circles around the city wall, ranking among the top ten in China. In recent years, although the traffic road has been improving in a good direction, road construction is also being implemented, but the speed is far less than the growth rate of motor

Hu Zihang, Liu Guolong, Mi Yuan

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls, Volume 6 , ISSUE 3, 66–71

Research Article | 27-February-2017

THE APPLICATION OF HCM 2010 IN THE DETERMINATION OF CAPACITY OF TRAFFIC LANES AT TURBO ROUNDABOUT ENTRIES

Summary. The main aim of this study was to verify whether it is possible to utilize the model contained in the HCM 2010 methodology for evaluation of traffic capacity of the lanes at the entries to turbo roundabouts in Poland. The models contained in the HCM 2010 methodology were compared with the empirical values obtained for traffic capacity of the traffic lanes at the entries to turbo roundabouts with values of traffic capacity determined based on the author's own models developed based on

Elżbieta MACIOSZEK

Transport Problems, Volume 11 , ISSUE 3, 77–89

Research Article | 24-October-2017

IMPACT OF ROAD GEOMETRY ON VEHICLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION

It has been shown that road geometry has a great impact on overall energy consumption and emissions. Some roads connect traffic origins and destinations directly. On the other hand, some use winding, indirect routes. Indirect connections result in longer distances driven and increased fuel consumption. A similar effect is observed on congested roads and mountain roads with many changes in altitude. Therefore, we propose a framework to assess road networks based on energy consumption. This

Blaž LUIN, Stojan PETELIN

Transport Problems, Volume 12 , ISSUE 2, 77–87

Research Article | 02-February-2017

NEURAL NETWORKS IN TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH – RECENT APPLICATIONS

Summary. Neural networks’ (NNs) capability of mapping the nonlinear functions of variables describing the behaviour of objects and the simplicity of designing their configuration favours their applications in transport. This paper presents representative examples in the scope of prediction of road traffic parameters, road traffic control, measurement of road traffic parameters, driver behaviour and autonomous vehicles, and transport policy and economics. The features of

Teresa PAMUŁA

Transport Problems, Volume 11 , ISSUE 2, 27–36

Research Article | 14-February-2019

ANALYSIS OF THE TRAFFIC INTENSITY OF CARGO VEHICLES IN
THE BORDER POINTS

Velizara PENCHEVA, Asen ASENOV, Dimitar GROZEV, Rositsa A rhangelova@uni-NGELOVA, Ivan GEORGIEV

Transport Problems, Volume 13 , ISSUE 4, 23–36

Article | 04-November-2019

A MODEL OF TRANSIT FREIGHT DISTRIBUTION ON A RAILWAY  NETWORK

The peculiarity of the transit freight transportation by rail in international traffic is the fact that while performing transportation, the railway administrations are in competition among themselves. At the same time, the routes of cargo traffic volumes significantly depend on the conditions of transportation by railways of individual states. The mathematical model for the distribution of transit freight traffic volumes on the railway network, based on the methods of graph theory and game

Dmytro KOZACHENKO, Vladyslav SKALOZUB, Bogdan GERA, Yuliia HERMANIUK, Ruslana KOROBIOVA, Aleksandra GORBOVA

Transport Problems, Volume 14 , ISSUE 3, 17–26

Research Article | 02-February-2017

THE FATIGUE DURABILITY OF THE MODIFIED ASPHALT CONCRETE UNDER THE EFFECT OF INTENSIVE TRAFFIC LOADS

Summary. The problem of prediction of the service life of asphalt concrete surface constructed with modified asphalt concrete application onto a traffic lane is examined. Asphalt concrete behaviour in road surface under the traffic loads was analysed. There were shown The results of experiments and their mathematical analysis of the assessment of standard and modified cold asphalt concrete fatigue life on road surface were shown. The service life of an asphalt concrete

Yuri KALGIN, Alexander STROKIN

Transport Problems, Volume 11 , ISSUE 2, 51–59

Article | 14-July-2019

MODELING OF THE RAIL FREIGHT TRAFFIC BY THE METHOD OF ECONOMIC-GEOGRAPHICAL DELIMITATION IN THE REGION  OF THE SOUTH-EASTER COAST OF THE BALTIC SEA

The results of further research on the creation of a mathematical model of railway freight traffic carried out in a regional transport and technological system are presented. The proposed logistic approach is applied to the issues of optimizing the management of transportation directed to ports located on the southeast coast of the Baltic Sea. Built on the basis of a comprehensive assessment of the transport infrastructure of the region under consideration and the performance of the operating

Oleg CHISLOV, Viktor BOGACHEV, Vyacheslav ZADOROZHNIY, Oleg DEMCHENKO, Vladimir KHAN, Taras BOGACHEV

Transport Problems, Volume 14 , ISSUE 2, 77–87

Article | 24-March-2018

IMPROVING SAFETY ON THE CROSSWALKS WITH THE USE OF FUZZY LOGIC

The article provides an analysis of the global trends in the field of city transport systems’ safety. Currently, the efforts to increase the proportion of trips made by foot or by non-motorized transport are being made. That is why the problem of ensuring safety of the most vulnerable road users is relevant. The statistics of traffic accidents with victims, as well as the factors that cause such accidents, is analysed. Simulation has shown that rational management can reduce the

Irina MAKAROVA, Ksenia SHUBENKOVA, Vadim MAVRIN, Polina BUYVOL

Transport Problems, Volume 13 , ISSUE 1, 97–109

Research Article | 02-February-2017

SIMULATION MODELING IN IMPROVING PEDESTRIANS’ SAFETY AT NON-SIGNALIZED CROSSWALKS

Summary. The paper presents an analysis of road traffic accidents at non-signalized pedestrian crosswalks. A field study was conducted to determine the parameters for traffic and pedestrian flow, and construct the simulation models enabling experimentation at different loadings on the street and road network. Variants for improving the pedestrian safety at non-signalized crosswalks have been proposed. Simulation modeling of the proposed managerial decisions is expected to diminish the

Irina MAKAROVA, Rifat KHABIBULLIN, Vadim MAVRIN, Eduard BELYAEV

Transport Problems, Volume 11 , ISSUE 4, 139–150

Research Article | 21-April-2017

Passenger accumulator fed railcars in regional railway traffic

This paper is focused on contemporary posibilities of replacement diesel-powered railcars by accumulator powered railcars in regional railway traffic. In the first part of the paper, there are described advantages and disadvantages of this replacement. In the second part are presented the simulation counts and the simulation results of the drive of an accumulator powered railcar on the railway line Šumperk - Kouty nad Desnou. At the last part of this paper is shown the experimental accumulator

Radovan DOLEČEK, Ondřej ČERNÝ, Ladislav MLYNAŘÍK, Petr SÝKORA

Transport Problems, Volume 10 , ISSUE 2, 99–107

Article | 24-December-2021

ANALYSIS OF PEDESTRIAN BEHAVIOR AT CROSSWALKS AND EVALUATION OF FUNCTIONING PEDESTRIAN CROSSINGS

respondents were asked whether they take precautions and whether they use cell phones at pedestrian crossings. Moreover, an assessment was performed of the safety of a selection of pedestrian crossings: whether they are well lit, and whether the respondents have been involved in a traffic accident. From the analysis of the survey, it can be concluded that the number of pedestrians taking precautions at pedestrian crossings averaged 86.46%; 25.69% of the respondents admitted that they have used a cell

Piotr GORZELAŃCZYK, Jakub BAZELA

Transport Problems, Volume 16 , ISSUE 4, 135–147

Research Article | 21-April-2017

Center of road traffic safety education for children and youths – modern educational center in road traffic safety

of innovative road traffic education for other countries.  

Katarzyna SICIŃSKA, Maria DĄBROWSKA-LORANC

Transport Problems, Volume 10 , ISSUE 1, 137–148

Article | 18-June-2020

INLAND WATER TRANSPORT APPLICABILITY FOR SUSTAINABLE SEA PORT HINTERLAND INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT. KLAIPEDA SEA-PORT CASE

to define objectively the state of traffic flow on the highway connecting Klaipeda sea-port to its hinterland because the road infrastructure was not qualitatively improved for a long period, while the average annual seaport turnover is constantly growing by 6% - 9%. Secondly, it was defined how substantially is possible to decrease the load of road traffic in case of reestablishing of an inland waterway connection between practically the same points of the transport route. Using mathematical

Ričardas MALKUS, Jūratė LIEBUVIENĖ, Vida JOKUBYNIĖNĖ

Transport Problems, Volume 15 , ISSUE 2, 25–31

Research Article | 27-February-2017

ROAD ACCIDENT ESTIMATION MODEL IN URBAN AREAS

Summary. Urban areas are significantly different in terms of traffic risk. In a decisive manner, they are the result of urban development policies. The shape, size and configuration of an entire urban area, the facilities to satisfy people and the need for mobility of goods, as well as behavioural attitudes of the population, are essential for a traffic pattern and its associated risks. In this framework, the purpose of this paper is to identify the effects of urban area characteristics on road

Serban RAICU, Dorinela COSTESCU, Stefan BURCIU, Florin RUSCA, Mircea ROSCA

Transport Problems, Volume 11 , ISSUE 3, 33–42

Article | 31-July-2018

ECONOMIC–GEOGRAPHICAL METHOD DELIMITING WAGON FLOWS IN THE REGION CONSIDERED: MODEL AND ALGORITHM

freight traffic. The algorithm for creating a model of freight transportation is based on the analysis of the qualitative and quantitative indicators of the operator company in the considered region with the use of analytical, heuristic, and graphic capabilities of math software. The theoretical substantiation of the territorial picture, the freight transportation market in the region is obtained. The carried-out research allows to specify possible ways of optimization of freight traffic distribution.

Oleg Chislov, Viktor Bogachev, Vyacheslav Zadorozhniy, Taras Bogachev

Transport Problems, Volume 13 , ISSUE 2, 39–48

Research Article | 21-April-2017

Application of the AHP method to analyze the significance of the factors affecting road traffic safety

Justyna SORDYL

Transport Problems, Volume 10 , ISSUE 2, 57–68

Research Article | 21-April-2017

ANALYSIS OF PERIODICAL TECHNICAL INSPECTION SYSTEMS IN AUTOMOTIVE TRANSPORT. THE EXPERIENCES OF POLAND AND RUSSIA

The increasing number of road accidents nowadays seems to by a global problem. Apart from the obvious causes of accidents, such as violation of road traffic rules by drivers and pedestrians, the drunk driving, poor quality of road infrastructure, the technical faults of vehicles should also be take into account. Reasons of technical failures can be the failure of parts, components and assemblies caused by aging, poor quality or non-observance of technological norms when they are installed. It

Jan FILIPCZYK, Irina MAKAROVA, Eduard BELYAEV

Transport Problems, Volume 10 , ISSUE 4, 121–128

Article | 15-March-2021

RISK ASSESSMENT DURING THE TRANSPORTATION OF DANGEROUS GOODS CONSIDERING THE FUNCTIONAL STATE OF THE DRIVER

related to dangerous tasks. It is obvious that traffic safety and the quality of the transportation process significantly depend on the behaviors and actions of the driver. The driver, as it is known, is the main chain of the “driver – automobile – road – environment” (DARE) system. With improvements in the technical and operational parameters of vehicles and road characteristics, the study of the functional state (FS) of the driver and the reliability of his skills

Yevhen FORNALCHYK, Maksym AFONIN, Taras POSTRANSKYY, Mykola BOIKIVBOIKIV

Transport Problems, Volume 16 , ISSUE 1, 139–152

Research Article | 30-March-2017

RESEARCH OF TRAFFIC PREDICTION ACCURACY INFLUENCE ON THE EFFECTIVENESS OF TRAINS BREAKING-UP ORDER CONTROL

Oleksandr BARDAS, Ihor SKOVRON, Yevhen DEMCHENKO, Andrii DOROSH

Transport Problems, Volume 12 , ISSUE 1, 151–158

Research Article | 30-March-2017

CHARGING RAILWAY INFRASTRUCTURE MODELS AND THEIR IMPACT TO COMPETITIVENESS OF RAILWAY TRANSPORT

Summary. The paper deals with the impact the charging railway infrastructure access has on the competitiveness of railway transport in the selected European countries. It researched into the development of indicators that indicate the competition in the railways transport market, such as volume of transport, traffic performances, and number of trains of private railway operators compared with national operators. It used the new approach for research of the share of railway transport in the

Anna DOLINAYOVA, Juraj CAMAJ, Juraj KANIS

Transport Problems, Volume 12 , ISSUE 1, 139–150

Research Article | 21-April-2017

Economic effects of time loss in passenger transport – evidence from selected polish cities

Time is a necessary factor in processes of transportation. The economic value of travel time is the opportunity cost of the time spent on journey, so the reduction of travel time becomes the main goal of transport network users. Travel time losses in passenger transport are frequently observed in crowded cities, which are facing different types of traffic congestion. The article shows the analysis of the complicated causes of travel time loss, the need of implementing some simplifications

Agnieszka WAŻNA

Transport Problems, Volume 10 , ISSUE 2, 49–55

Article | 01-March-2015

GEOMETRIC DEEP PARTICLE FILTER FOR MOTORCYCLE TRACKING: DEVELOPMENT OF INTELLIGENT TRAFFIC SYSTEM IN JAKARTA

Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) is the combination of transportation systems with Information and Communication Technology (ICT). In Jakarta traffic, there is unique issue that does not arise in developed countries: very large number of motorcycles. Nevertheless, the enabling technologies for the detection, measurement, recording, and information distribution of motorcycle have not been fully developed in the existing researches. With the above considerations, we establish research

Alexander A S Gunawan, Wisnu Jatmiko

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 8 , ISSUE 1, 429–463

Article | 16-December-2013

Virtual Detection Zone in smart phone, with CCTV, and Twitter as part of an Integrated ITS

In this proposed integrated Intelligent Transport System, GPS enabled smart phones, and video cameras are used as traffic sensors, while Twitter is used as verifier. They are attractive because they are non intrusive, and consequently more practical and cheaper to implement. Our novel Virtual Detection Zone (VDZ) method has been able to map match by using pre-determined check points. VDZ speed accuracy ranges from 93.4 to 99.9% in higher speeds and it only needs one longitude and latitude

B. Hardjono, A. Wibisono, A. Nurhadiyatna, I. Sina, W. Jatmiko

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 5, 1830–1868

Article | 03-October-2018

IMPROVEMENT OF SUBURBAN RAILWAY SERVICES BY INFRASTRUCTURE AND TIMETABLE MODIFICATIONS BASED ON SIMULATION MODELLING

introducing a new plan of cyclic timetable of the suburban and regional trains that would significantly improve the quality of existing service in railway suburban traffic of the city of Zagreb. The procedure of single-track line model modification has been performed based on simulation of railway operations in the station areas with the aim of improvement of line capacity necessary for introduction of new solution of the cyclic timetable. Within this approach, the solutions for modification of railway

Hrvoje HARAMINA, Ivan TALAN, Branko MIHALJEVIĆ

Transport Problems, Volume 13 , ISSUE 3, 15–27

Article | 31-December-2020

P&R PARKING AND BIKE-SHARING SYSTEM AS SOLUTIONS SUPPORTING TRANSPORT ACCESSIBILITY OF THE CITY

The transport accessibility of cities decreases with the increase in road traffic. Planners, traffic engineers, and road managers are looking for solutions that will reduce congestion on city streets without limiting transport accessibility to the city center. The article presents an overview of solutions used in Poland and abroad that aim to encourage people who travel by car to the city center to use other means of transport. The solutions were identified that can contribute to reducing road

Elżbieta MACIOSZEK, Agata KUREK

Transport Problems, Volume 15 , ISSUE 4, Part 2, 275–286

Article | 08-December-2019

SIMULATION OF THE ROUTE NETWORK AND FERRY TRAFFIC INTENSITY BASED ON THE PROCESS OF DISCRETIZATION AND CIRCOS PLOT INTENSITY DIAGRAM

Today, one of the main important tasks is to analyze the states of achievement related to the required levels for marine passenger terminals and their route networks, depending on the influence of the external environment (based on the discretization of processes). This proposal is relevant both to increase the passenger traffic and to change the route network of ferry lines. There is an uneven congestion of individual directions of ferry lines and passenger terminals, which determines the need

Nikolai MAIOROV, Vladimir FETISOV, Srećko KRILE, Darijo MISKOVIC

Transport Problems, Volume 14 , ISSUE 4, 21–30

Article | 31-December-2020

APPLICATION OF THE LOGISTIC REGRESSION MODEL TO ASSESS THE RISK OF DEATH IN ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS IN THE MAZOWIECKIE VOIVODESHIP

the highest mortality rates gathered for the period 2016-2018. Owing to the dichotomous form of the studied variable, logistic regression was used. Estimated model parameters and calculated odds ratios allowed to assess the effect of selected factors on road traffic mortality rate. As significant, the type of the perpetrator and the traffic participant, sex and age of the victim, road lighting, and the driver’s experience were selected. It was assessed that pedestrians are the group most

Anna BORUCKA, Małgorzata GRZELAK, Andrzej ŚWIDERSKI

Transport Problems, Volume 15 , ISSUE 4, Part 1, 125–136

Article | 31-December-2020

SMART PHOTONIC GUIDANCE SYSTEM FOR ROAD SAFETY

Despite the rapid and continuous progress in the construction of vehicles and accompanying improving road infrastructure, the road safety issue remains very serious. Especially, it concerns intersections and road junctions where nearly 30% of road accidents take place. The paper is focused on a new intelligent path displaying support system to be installed on intersections of complex geometry combined with multiphase traffic lights. It consists of optical projection of two different horizontal

Dariusz LITWIN, Adam CZYŻEWSKI, Jacek GALAS, Tadeusz KRYSZCZYŃSKI, Piotr WIKLIŃSKI, Barbara RYMSZA, Leszek KORNALEWSKI

Transport Problems, Volume 15 , ISSUE 4, Part 1, 49–56

Research Article | 21-April-2017

Research of influence of time of reaction of the driver on the calculation of the capacity of the highway

In the work we performed a review of studies of foreign scholars on changing the reaction time of the driver depending on various road conditions, namely the change in the response time when using the traffic light regulation. Earlier by the authors of this article have already been carried out research in the field of throughput of a site of a highway with traffic regulation, which showed that this value depends on the time of reaction of the driver. In this article the estimation of how much

Anastasiya SHEVTSOVA, Ivan NOVIKOV, Alexey BOROVSKOY

Transport Problems, Volume 10 , ISSUE 3, 53–59

Article | 18-March-2018

METHODS OF SUBSTANTIATION OF SPECIALIZATION OF RAILWAY LINES

The article proposes methodological principles for substantiating the specialization of main railway lines based on the primary types of passenger or freight traffic in order to improve the level of transport services, economic efficiency, and reliability of the transportation process. The search for a solution to the problem provides a rational distribution of transport flows and investment measures, with the subsequent finding of a compromised operation for a set of effective alternatives.

Andrey BORODIN, Evgenia PROKOFIEVA

Transport Problems, Volume 12 , ISSUE SE, 35–44

Research Article | 02-February-2017

TRANSIT TIME THROUGH THE BORDER-CROSSING POINTS: THE CASE STUDY OF THE EU'S ROAD BCP WITH MOLDAVIA

Summary. This paper provides an overview on the ACROSSEE project (funded by the ERDF under the SEE program), its objectives, general methodology, and the main results. Moreover, the main survey results are presented as they relate to the Romanian road andrail border-crossing points (BCPs) with the Eastern neighbourly country, Moldavia. Results include the actual status of the road BCP, surveys on exiting and entering traffic flows, answers to specific questionnaires of the

Mihaela POPA, Eugen ROSCA, Florin RUSCA, Dorinela COSTESCU, Vasile DRAGU

Transport Problems, Volume 11 , ISSUE 2, 79–89

Research Article | 27-February-2017

IMPROVING THE METHODS OF ESTIMATION OF THE UNIT TRAIN EFFECTIVENESS

calculation methodologies and their results can give significant errors. The work presents a methodology that makes it possible to evaluate the efficiency of unit train shipments based on the processing of results of experimental travels using the methods of mathematical statistics. This approach provides probabilistic estimates of the rolling stock use efficiency for different approaches to the organization of car traffic volumes, as well as establishes the effect for each of the participants in the

Dmytro KOZACHENKO, Roman VERNIGORA, Volodymyr BALANOV, Nazar SANNYTSKYY, Nikolay BEREZOVY, Tetiana BOLVANOVSKA

Transport Problems, Volume 11 , ISSUE 3, 91–101

Article | 08-December-2019

EXPERIMENTAL MONITORING AND NUMERICAL MODELING OF THE THERMAL REGIME OF SELECTED TRACK SUBSTRUCTURES

The initial part of the paper characterizes major research activities at the Department of Railway Engineering and Track Management (DRETM), Faculty of Civil Engineering, University of Žilina. Subsequently, it outlines the state of art in the field of track substructure dimensioning for the non-traffic load in Slovakia and abroad. The second part of the paper deals with the method of collecting input parameters for numerical modeling of the track substructure freezing using SoilVision software

Libor IŽVOLT, Peter DOBEŠ, Stanislav HODÁS

Transport Problems, Volume 14 , ISSUE 4, 89–100

Research Article | 14-February-2019

THE DISTRIBUTION OF MARSHALLING WORK OF INDUSTRIAL AND MAINLINE RAIL TRANSPORT

distribution of traffic volumes over the network through valid assignments of trains with subsequent calculation of the compromise management, taking into account the interests of each owner of transport infrastructure and each individual member of the transport and logistics chains.

Andrey BORODIN, Vitaly PANIN

Transport Problems, Volume 13 , ISSUE 4, 37–46

Article | 08-December-2019

SAFERWHEELS PROJECT: STUDY ON SCENE OF ACCIDENT WITH POWERED TWO-WHEELER AND BICYCLE

The article presents results and the way of providing research project on indepth crash study on scene of accidents of 385 Powered Two-Wheelers (motorcyclists, motorists) and 116 bicycles in the European Union in 2014-2017. The main concern of an in-depth crash study at the site of a traffic accident is to collect data on vehicles, roads, and drivers, including interviews with participants. Data descriptive statistics have been used to underline the dominant factors that appear most frequently

Katarzyna SICIŃSKA, Agnieszka KRUPIŃSKA

Transport Problems, Volume 14 , ISSUE 4, 77–88

research-article | 30-November-2017

LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE IN PROTECTION OF PEDESTRIAN ZONES AGAINST ACTS OF TERRORISM

) and in Barcelona (22nd August 2017). In those attacks, a total of 127 people were killed and 726 injured. What makes it particularly difficult to prevent such attacks is the fact that they take place in a space of daily life, in places where pedestrian and traffic zones meet. The development of modern civilisation, in which the movement of people and goods is common and necessary, resulted in a vast expansion of vehicle traffic zones. Similarly, it is common for people to gather for entertainment

Anna ECKES

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 11 , ISSUE 2, 7–12

Article | 03-October-2018

ANALYSIS AND ASSESSMENT OF THE REGULARITY OF MASS URBAN PASSENGER TRANSPORT IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE CITY OF RUSE

One of the quality indicators of the transport service in passenger transport is the regularity of the movement of vehicles. Apart from the planned traffic intervals, it depends on a number of factors related to the traffic conditions of the public transport in the locality (intensity and composition of the traffic flow, passenger traffic structure, traffic lights regime, atmospheric conditions, etc.). The paper assesses the regularity of mass urban passenger transport traffic in the conditions

Velizara PENCHEVA, Aleksandar TSEKOV, Ivan GEORGIEV, Svilen KOSTADINOV

Transport Problems, Volume 13 , ISSUE 3, 109–118

Research Article | 21-April-2017

The use of modern information technology in research on transport accessibility

Transport accessibility can be analyzed using a number of different methods. The problem with each of them is the difficulty of obtaining data to measure this phenomenon The focus of this article and its main goal are to present methods and tools for gathering data on road traffic; thanks to modern information technology, it is possible to collect real data without the need for large-scale and highly capital-intensive measurements. The application of modern information technology (IT) presented

Bartosz BARTOSIEWICZ, Szymon WIŚNIEWSKI

Transport Problems, Volume 10 , ISSUE 3, 87–98

Research Article | 30-March-2017

ANALYSIS OF POSSIBILITIES FOR THE USE OF VOLUME-DELAY FUNCTIONS IN THE PLANNING MODULE OF THE TRISTAR SYSTEM

Summary. Travel time is a measure commonly used for traffic flow modelling and traffic control. It also helps to evaluate the quality of traffic control systems in urban areas. Traffic control systems that use traffic models to predict changes and disruptions in vehicle flows have to use vehicle speed-prediction models. Travel time estimation studies the effects of traffic volumes on a street section at an average speed. The TRISTAR Integrated Transport Management System, currently being

Jacek OSKARBSKI, Kazimierz JAMROZ, Leszek SMOLAREK, Marcin ZAWISZA, Karol ŻARSKI

Transport Problems, Volume 12 , ISSUE 1, 39–50

Article | 24-November-2017

THE CONSTRUCTIVE SOLUTION AND CALCULATION OF ELEMENTS OF THE UNIFIED MODULE OF THE MOBILE BRIDGE OVERCROSSING

In the article the construction of a modular mobile overcrossing is offered. Calculation of its constructive elements is performed and the optimum length of one module is determined. The purpose is the development of the technique and calculation for the new construction of a mobile bridge overcrossing intended for reduction of traffic jams. Methods: The methods uses are mathematical analysis, method of finite elements, method of finite differences, and analytical method of relocation

Adil KADYROV, Kyrmyzy BALABEKOVA, Aleksandr GANYUKOV,, Serik AKHMEDIYEV

Transport Problems, Volume 12 , ISSUE 3, 59–69

Article | 05-September-2020

SURVEY METHOD IMPROVEMENT OF URBAN PASSENGER TRANSPORT WORKS

The article presents the implementation in the Omsk region of the project "Safe and high-quality roads," which is currently being implemented in various regions of Russia. Studies included the development and implementation of programs for the development of roads and municipalities, bringing the urban agglomeration network into a normative transport and operational state, eliminating the congestion of the urban agglomeration road network, including by transferring passenger traffic

Oleg NIKIFOROV, Kirill SAFRONOV, Sergey MOCHALIN, Yuliya KOLEBER

Transport Problems, Volume 15 , ISSUE 3, 127–138

Article | 26-March-2020

ANALYSIS OF THE DYNAMICS OF VEHICLE MOTION IN CASE OF SUDDEN BRAKING CONNECTED WITH DAMAGE OF THE TIRE

One of the urgent problems to be solved in the analysis of road traffic accidents is the calculation of vehicle speed at the time of sudden braking. This makes it possible to determine the dynamics of further movement of the vehicle and to determine the technical ability of the driver to prevent a traffic collision. The article presents a method employed in calculating the speed of the car at the time of sudden braking and determines the dynamics of movement up to its complete standstill. The

Valery KOVALEV, Igor BLYANKINSHTEIN, Dmitry MOROZOV, Andrew KAZANTSEV

Transport Problems, Volume 15 , ISSUE 1, 15–24

Research Article | 02-February-2017

Speed Compliance in Freeway Variable Speed Limit System – Case Study of the Prague City Ring

Many previous studies have confirmed the strong relationship between speed compliance and the frequency and severity of traffic accidents. Variable speed limit (VSL) system as a measure to improve traffic safety enables the freeway system to change its posted speed limit based on various traffic and environmental conditions. Such system helps drivers to recognize the upcoming events, to adjust their driving style and in such way to address speed variation of the traffic flow. This is called

Michał MATOWICKI, Ondřej PŘIBYL

Transport Problems, Volume 11 , ISSUE 1, 69–78

Research Article | 21-April-2017

PROPOSAL AND APPLICATION OF METHODOLOGY OF REVITALISATION OF REGIONAL RAILWAY TRACK IN SLOVAKIA AND SERBIA. PART 1: THEORETICAL APPROACH AND PROPOSAL OF METHODOLOGY FOR REVITALISATION OF REGIONAL RAILWAYS

The paper presents a proposal of methodology for revitalisation of regional railway tracks and regional railway traffic, liberalization and competition in railway transport, quality requirements in regional traffic, principles of the contract on transport services in the public interest and with the current state of regional passenger transport in Slovakia and Serbia. First part of the paper deals with a theoretical approach of transport policy, transport regulation, suburban transport and

Jaroslav MAŠEK, Martin KENDRA, Sanjin MILINKOVIĆ, Slavko VESKOVIĆ, Dalibor BÁRTA

Transport Problems, Volume 10 , ISSUE SE, 85–95

Research Article | 14-February-2019

INFLUENCE OF SOCIAL CAMPAIGNS PROMOTING USE OF SAFETY BELTS AND CHILD RESTRAINT SYSTEMS: RESULTS OF SURVEY ON ROAD USERS BEHAVIOUR REGARDING RESTRAINTS

This article focuses on road traffic safety in Poland, where the risk of serious injury and death in accident has remained high. We present examples of campaigns on the use of seat belts and child restraints system between 2005 and 2015 promoting positive behaviour in road traffic. Results of self-reported data from survey in real traffic on vehicles’ road user’s behaviour due to the usage of protective equipment between 2014-2016 were collected and analysed. The scientific achievement of the

Katarzyna SICINSKA, Maria DABROWSKA-LORANC

Transport Problems, Volume 13 , ISSUE 4, 77–90

Article | 01-March-2015

TRAVEL TIME PREDICTION BASED ON PATTERN MATCHING METHOD

The microwave detection technology has become an effective tool for monitoring highway traffic flow in China. The cross section traffic data collected provides models opportunity for travel time prediction. However, the sparseness of data somewhat constrains the prediction accuracy. To tackle this problem, the paper presents a highway travel time prediction algorithm based on pattern matching method. First, a pattern library is established by choosing traffic volume and speed as its certain

Jiandong Zhao, Feifei Xu, Wenhui Liu, Jigen Bai, Xiaoling Luo

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 8 , ISSUE 1, 658–676

Article | 24-December-2021

HIGH-PERFORMANCE HIGH-SPEED WIM FOR SUSTAINABLE ROAD LOAD MONITORING USING GIS TECHNOLOGY

The increasing importance of better transport connectivity has indicated the need to develop high-speed road load monitoring technologies. The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), Silk Road transportation programs considerable have developed the roads and highways networks in Kazakhstan and other Central Asian (CA) countries. Transportation services require proper maintenance and prompt track load monitoring. There is no holistic freight traffic management system that controls and monitors traffic

Jong woo KIM, Young woo JUNG, Ainura UTEBAYEVA, Zhuldyz KAMALIYEVA, Neil COLLINS, Dastan SARBASSOV, Janay SAGIN, Raushan AMANZHLOVA

Transport Problems, Volume 16 , ISSUE 4, 149–162

Research Article | 21-April-2017

PROPOSAL AND APPLICATION OF METHODOLOGY OF REVITALISATION OF REGIONAL RAILWAY TRACK IN SLOVAKIA AND SERBIA. PART 2: STATE OF REGIONAL TRANSPORT IN SLOVAKIA AND SERBIA

This paper discusses a proposal of methodology of revitalisation of regional railway tracks and regional railway traffic, liberalization and competition in railway transport, quality requirements in regional traffic, principles of the contract on transport services in the public interest and with the current state of regional passenger transport in Slovakia and Serbia. This is Part 2 which is dedicated to study the current situation of regional railway transport in Slovakia and Serbia, the

Jaroslav MAŠEK, Juraj ČAMAJ, Sanjin MILINKOVIĆ, Slavko VESKOVIĆ, Martin KENDRA

Transport Problems, Volume 10 , ISSUE 4, 107–119

Article | 07-May-2018

Research on Vehicle Detection Method Based on Background Modeling

This paper mainly studies the background difference method in the field of intelligent traffic, proposes a background modeling method base on frame difference, and compares it with the statistical average background model and Gaussian distribution background modeling method. vehicle contour obtained by the morphological method. Finally, experiments were carried out on 4 normal road traffic surveillance videos, the effective detection rate used in this paper reaches 93.75%, which has a certain

Zhichao Lian, Zhongsheng Wang

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls, Volume 3 , ISSUE 2, 6–9

Article | 31-December-2020

ESTIMATED ASSESSMENT OF THE POTENTIAL IMPACT OF DRIVERASSISTANCE SYSTEMS USED IN AUTOMATED VEHICLES ON THE LEVEL OF ROAD SAFETY IN POLAND

Strengthening road safety in the face of the enormous development of the automotive in recent decades is crucial. The safety benefits of automated vehicles are paramount. Automated vehicles have the potential to remove human error in road traffic, which will help protect drivers and passengers, as well as pedestrians and bicyclists. The carried-out forecasts are pioneering for Polish road traffic conditions. In England, studies have been carried out to determine the estimated impact of

Małgorzata PĘDZIERSKA, Piotr PAWLAK, Mikołaj KRUSZEWSKI, Samantha JAMSON

Transport Problems, Volume 15 , ISSUE 4, Part 2, 325–338

Research Article | 02-February-2017

ACTION AS A CRITERION OF THE CAR OPERATING EFFECTIVENES

Summary. Currently used criteria for determining car operating efficiency in road traffic are, among others, emission of harmful substances, consumption of engine driving fuels, technical service and reliability of operation, safety of use. The operational characteristics of the car in terms of engine driving fuel consumption data is usually recognised as so-called road specific fuel consumption. An important deficiency of this approach is the failure to take into

Stefan POSTRZEDNIK

Transport Problems, Volume 11 , ISSUE 2, 91–101

Research Article | 01-December-2011

A Hybrid MAC Mechanism for Multiple Load Intelligent Vehicle Transportation Network

The Media Access Control (MAC) mechanism of intelligent vehicle communication network meets a new challenge due to the multiple load data traffic and high speed mobility. This paper proposes a hybrid MAC mechanism which takes the advantages of both TDMA and CSMA mechanism. This hybrid mechanism is based on TDMA, while CSMA mechanism is added in time slots to improve the slot utilization in both high and low load networks. Through the simulation in NS2 we compare the results of the hybrid MAC

Yuan LIU, Yuhao WANG, Siyue CHEN, Xiao LI, Zhengfa RAO

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 4 , ISSUE 4, 662–674

Article | 01-June-2016

A HYBRID FUZZY MORPHOLOGY AND CONNECTED COMPONENTS LABELING METHODS FOR VEHICLE DETECTION AND COUNTING SYSTEM

A hybrid fuzzy morphology and connected components labeling method is proposed for detecting and counting the number of vehicles in an image taken from a traffic monitoring camera. A fuzzy morphology approach in image segmentation method is used in the system to achieve faster computation time compared to the supervised learning. The connected components labeling method is combined with a fuzzy morphology method to determine the region and number of objects in an image. The processing phases in

Chastine Fatichah, Joko Lianto Buliali, Ahmad Saikhu, Silvester Tena

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 9 , ISSUE 2, 765–779

Article | 14-July-2019

FORECASTING OF THE ROUTE NETWORK OF FERRY AND CRUISE LINES BASED ON SIMULATION AND INTELLIGENT TRANSPORT SYSTEMS

According to statistics, the marine passenger transportation sectors (both cruise lines and ferry lines) show a significant increase of passenger traffic and the intensity of ship routes. But new features of the conditions for passenger traffic growth require the development of new methodological transport models for cruise and ferry networks and new practical forecasting methods. Changes are observed in the fleet composition, mostly in the direction of increased. New approach for forecasting

Nikolai MAIOROV, Vladimir FETISOV, Srećko KRILE, Darijo MISKOVIC

Transport Problems, Volume 14 , ISSUE 2, 111–121

Article | 30-November-2018

Detection of Blink State Based on Fatigued Driving

I. INTRODUCTION With the improvement of people’s material living standards, cars have become the main means of transportation for people, but the growing number of vehicles has led to more traffic accidents. According to statistics, fatigue driving is the main cause of traffic accidents[1,2].Under normal circumstances, the medical community believes that there are two reasons for fatigue driving, one is because the driver’s attention is too concentrated, and the other is that the body does not

Lei Chao, Wang Changyuan, Li Guang, Shi Lu

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls, Volume 4 , ISSUE 4, 24–29

Article | 31-December-2020

OVERVIEW OF SAFETY AT RAIL-ROAD CROSSINGS IN POLAND IN 2008-2018

The intersection of a public road with a railway line in one level, called a rail-road crossing, is a particularly dangerous place due to the traffic flows crossing it. The regulations give absolute priority to a rail vehicle over a public road user; in addition, significant differences in the masses and speeds of moving vehicles require traffic regulation consisting of adequate passage protection. To this end, the road on which motor vehicles is equipped with road signs informing drivers that

Elżbieta MACIOSZEK, Agata KUREK, Bartłomiej KOWALSKI

Transport Problems, Volume 15 , ISSUE 4, Part 1, 57–68

Article | 31-December-2020

MOVING OBJECT DETECTION IN CAR TRAFFIC WITH IMPLEMENTATION OF OPTICAL SENSORS

Piotr SZABLATA, Paweł ŁĄKOWSKI, Janusz POCHMARA

Transport Problems, Volume 15 , ISSUE 4, Part 1, 105–116

Research Article | 27-December-2017

A NOVEL PACKET QUEUING AND SCHEDULING ALGORITHM AND ITS LINK SHARING PERFORMANCE FOR HOME ROUTER

A home router, or a home gateway, is the node that resides between a public network and a home network for computers to share Internet connections. To insert customized queuing and scheduling codes into the embedded Linux kernel is a way to make the Linux-based home routers support Quality of Service (QoS). It is desirable that the small Linux kernel adopts an efficient queuing and scheduling algorithm to support link sharing, priority and traffic shaping. The algorithm presented in this paper

Jin Yan, Chen Xiaoyuan

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 1, 135–160

Article | 26-March-2020

EVALUATING THE SAFETY PERFORMANCE OF ROUNDABOUTS

rate of accidents and incorporated the geometric and operational characteristics of roundabouts. This was followed by ranking the safety performance of the roundabouts. It was concluded that driver behavior of violating the traffic rules, lack of clear lane markings in the circulating area and inadequate signage at the roundabouts entries are the main causes of roundabout accidents. The research recommends including the developed predictive model in future traffic control and planning studies, for

Mo'ath ALSHANNAQ, Rana IMAM

Transport Problems, Volume 15 , ISSUE 1, 141–152

Article | 15-March-2021

A SENSITIVE APPROACH TO IDENTIFY BLACK SPOTS IN URBAN TRANSPORT, WITH APPLICATION TO CITIES IN ALGERIA

, cities are booming, which has caused a major disruption in traffic. In spite of investments and development on urban layout, planning and development of means of transport in many cities of the country are faced with problems of massive influx of users, traffic jams, congestion, traffic accidents, and air and noise pollution. However, it should be mentioned that the problems are not identical and each city has its own specificities. The proposed working methodology is based on the identification of

Mounira KELILBA, Rachid CHAIB, Abdelaziz KAHLOUCHE

Transport Problems, Volume 16 , ISSUE 1, 199–210

Article | 30-September-2021

ROAD USERS' BEHAVIOUR STUDY IN AREAS OF ZEBRA CROSSWALKS 

crossings gave way to pedestrians. Pedestrians aged 60+ entering the road on marked crossings without traffic light waited longer to cross than younger. In residential areas with high traffic volume more drivers stopped at non signalised crossings and gave way to pedestrians. At low speed of vehicle in urban areas pedestrians felt safer and were ready to enter the crossing; their behaviour was more predictable. Results showed dangerous pedestrian behaviours on signal-regulated crossing facilities who

Maria DĄBROWSKA-LORANC, Katarzyna SICIŃSKA, Anna ZIELIŃSKA

Transport Problems, Volume 16 , ISSUE 3, 185–198

Research Article | 21-April-2017

Travel demand management in the context of promoting bike trips, an overview of solutions implemented in Cracow

Car traffic in cities causes a decrease in travel speed, irregularity of public transport operation and, as a consequence for travellers, significant time losses. Because of congestion the accessibility to the destination points, especially those that are located in the city centre, is threatened. Other difficulties concern: road safety, increasing air pollution, traffic noise and global warming. Construction of new roads and transport facilities requires large financial resources and covers

Katarzyna NOSAL

Transport Problems, Volume 10 , ISSUE 2, 23–34

Research Article | 01-September-2017

PERFORMANCE AND ANALYSIS OF AUTOMATIC LICENSE PLATE LOCALIZATION AND RECOGNITION FROM VIDEO SEQUENCES

application has to quickly and successfully process license plates under different environmental conditions, such as indoors, outdoors, day or night time. It plays an important role in numerous real-life applications, such as automatic toll collection, traffic law enforcement, parking lot access control, and road traffic monitoring. The system uses different templates for identifying the characters from input image. After character recognition, an identified group of characters will be compared with

M.Anto Bennet, B. Thamilvalluvan, Priyanka Paree Alphonse, D.R. Thendralarasi, K. Sujithra

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 10 , ISSUE 5, 330–343

Article | 31-December-2020

DETERMINATION OF THE INFLUENCE OF INFRASTRUCTURAL AND ECONOMIC FACTORS ON THE VOLUME OF FREIGHT TRANSPORT ON RAILWAY LINES IN POLAND

This article assesses the effect of factors, such as the number of sidings, the number of station holds, and the occurrence of transit traffic on the volume of freight transport on railway lines in Poland. The volume of freight transport on a railway line was expressed by the operational work done by freight trains running on this line and the transported freight mass by them. Most often the effect of factors affecting on the volume of transport is assessed by a team of experts. In this

Wojciech KAMIŃSKI

Transport Problems, Volume 15 , ISSUE 4, Part 2, 167–178

Article | 30-September-2021

DEVELOPMENT OF CYCLING INFRASTRUCTURE BASED ON THE EXAMPLE OF URBAN AGGLOMERATION OF BELGOROD

This paper analyzes the real-world experience of using Bicycle traffic as a new way of supporting logistics traffic and reducing the load on the transport network of cities. As a result of this research, it was found that the real-world experience yields positive results and that cycling is actively becoming common in most of the world's cities. In the Russian Federation, not much attention has been paid to this in comparison with other countries; nevertheless, in recent years, this has

Alexander NOVIKOV, Anastasia SHEVTSOVA, Alina BURLUTSKAYA, Svetlana SHEKHOVTSOVA

Transport Problems, Volume 16 , ISSUE 3, 213–222

Article | 24-December-2021

AN APPLICATION OF THE AHP METHOD FOR EVALUATION OF LEVEL CROSSING DESIGN IN A CONGESTED URBAN AREA: CASE STUDY LC SOKOLSKA IN ZAGREB, CROATIA

weighting of various interdisciplinary criteria and sub-criteria. The AHP model considers six criteria:safety, traffic indicators of the functional efficiency, costs, social benefits, ecology, the time required for reconstruction of LC and their 15 sub-criteria. The model has been tested on LC Sokolska, located in the city of Zagreb, Croatia. Three possible alternatives were proposed to suit the location and the traffic conditions. The alternatives were evaluated according to the developed AHP model and

Danijela BARIĆ, Antonija DŽAMBO

Transport Problems, Volume 16 , ISSUE 4, 95–106

Article | 24-December-2021

SURVEY OF PEDESTRIANS AND CAR DRIVERS' ATTITUDES AT THE AREA OF PEDESTRIAN CROSSINGS OVER PERIOD OF TIME

This article presents the newest trends among pedestrians’ and car drivers’ attitudes from a survey performed at a roadside at the area of zebra crossings in Poland in 2018. Trends in road users’ attitudes and performance allow an understanding of the causes of road safety crashes to decrease deaths and injuries. Surveys of attitudes from questionnaires help gauge knowledge of road traffic laws and risky behaviours regarding road safety issues at crosswalks. Data of 800

Maria DĄBROWSKA-LORANC, Katarzyna SICIŃSKA

Transport Problems, Volume 16 , ISSUE 4, 59–70

Article | 05-September-2020

APPLICATION OF EYE-TRACKING TECHNOLOGY AS A DIAGNOSTIC TOOL FOR ASSESSING FLIGHT OPERATORS. PART 1: ANALISE OF FLIGHT OPERATOR'S ATTENTION DISTRIBUTION AND SWITCHING USING EYE-TRACKING

The paper presents the results of an experiment devoted to studying attention distribution and switching using eye-tracking technology. The experiment was conducted in two stages. At the first stage (year 2016), 48 students majoring in air traffic control were examined. At the second stage (year 2017), 43 students studying to become civil aviation pilots were involved. Correlation analysis methods and Pearson’s chi-squared test were used.

Olga ARINICHEVA, Natalia LEBEDEVA, Aleksei MALISHEVSKII

Transport Problems, Volume 15 , ISSUE 3, 167–179

Research Article | 13-December-2017

RELIABLE DATA BROADCAST FOR ZIGBEE WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

As we know, the data transmission in the wireless networks is more unreliable than it is in the wired network environment. Although the virtual carrier sensing scheme can be used in the wireless unicast transmission, the multicast and broadcast still not utilize the acknowledgement mechanism for reliable transmission. This is due to the acknowledgement packets of broadcast transmission will cause much higher communication traffic and overhead. Since reliable data broadcast is critical and

Tien-Wen Sung, Ting-Ting Wu, Chu-Sing Yang, Yueh-Min Huang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 3 , ISSUE 3, 504–520

Research Article | 02-February-2017

Evaluation of the Transition to the Organization of Freight Trains Traffic By the Schedule

Dmitriy KOZACHENKO, Roman VERNIGORA, Vladimir BALANOV, Nikolay BEREZOVY, Lidiia YELNIKOVA, Yulia GERMANYUK

Transport Problems, Volume 11 , ISSUE 1, 41–48

Case Study | 18-June-2020

A CASE STUDY ON PERCEPTIONS OF PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION IN THE EASTERN PROVINCE OF SAUDI ARABIA

The Eastern Province of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) is home to almost 5,000,000 people and is a major contributor to Saudi Arabia’s economic strength. The area has experienced population growth of about 3.5% per year and rapid urbanization over the past few decades. With this increase in population has come a significant escalation in automobile traffic, which, in turn, has contributed to poor air quality in the province. Two of the major cities in the area were listed on the World

Helen Palmer PETERSON, Zulfat AL KASSIM

Transport Problems, Volume 15 , ISSUE 2, 5–15

Article | 18-June-2020

STEEL RELIEVING CONSTRUCTIONS IN MINING AREAS AS TEMPORARY OR PERMANENT RAILWAY BRIDGES

This article describes three examples of bridge-type relieving constructions located on railway lines in the areas of active mining exploitation. It discusses how to take into account mining influences and how to support a temporary relieving construction on the railway embankment. This article discusses the incorrect solutions and their consequences. The first example involves the protection of train traffic continuity during the replacement of bridge span under an intensively used railway

Piotr BĘTKOWSKI

Transport Problems, Volume 15 , ISSUE 2, 107–118

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