temperatures. The cooperation between individual layers also has an impact on energy efficiency and on the microclimate of a given building. This paper will present different ways of energy activation in external walls with a special focus on the photovoltaic panels/modules (PV), the transparent insulation (TIM) and phase change materials (PCM). New materials can be included in the partition structure in different configurations such as a single or a bi-material component for improving thermal effects.
Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 1, 5–10