the delayed therapeutic interventions. If untreated, anti-NMDAR encephalitis can be a devastating disease. However, immunotherapy has shown favorable outcomes in 81% of patients (1). Thus, awareness of anti-NMDAR encephalitis in the differential diagnosis of acute adolescent psychosis is of great importance.
Encephalitis with anti-voltage-gated potassium channel (anti-VGKC) complex antibodies is a rare condition (7,8). The anti-VGKC antibodies are directed against the VGKC-complex proteins, which
Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 3, 111–115
Autoimmune-mediated encephalopathies have significant variability in clinical phenotype on presentation. Limbic encephalitis (LE) associated with voltage-gated potassium channel (VGKC) antibodies was fairly recently described and identified to be as one of the reversible forms of LE.1 Subsequently VGKC antibody-associated LE has been more frequently described with typical characteristics of seizures (frequently complex partial seizures), memory impairment, behavioral changes, and
Svetlana P. Eckert,
North American Journal of Medicine and Science , ISSUE 1, 28–33