The article presents an integrated (inferential) system of computer assistance in waste management designed in component-based technology. The system allows for the implementation of individual elements (system components) with native and managed programming languages and performance technologies, ensuring easy integration of those components into one coherent, cooperating whole. One of the key issues involves the placement of the objects, events and conducted spatial (geographical
Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 4, 151–159
The increase in the amount of waste is a concern for many countries in the world.
Accumulation of municipal solid waste (MSW) threatens to become a global problem for Ukraine. Recently only one incineration plant is functioning in the country giving heat energy for heating and hot water supply to the Kiev district heating system.
European principles of waste management laid the basis for a National waste management strategy in Ukraine till 2030, approved by the Cabinet of
Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 1, 155–161
Economic development of a country as well as growing consumption causes a rise in the amount of wastes, mainly municipal wastes. Basic sources of the municipal wastes are households and public buildings. When Poland joined European Union, it was necessary to introduce many changes related to the waste management. Gradually implemented actions aim at limiting the amounts of municipal wastes deposited in landfills and reducing biodegradable fraction of wastes. Production of fuel from the
Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 3, 113–121
solution that can be accepted nowadays.
Only at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, as a result of the development of science, did the social awareness of the threat posed by improper waste management increase. Construction of the first waste incineration plants has begun. In parallel with the spread of this type of waste management, work was done on improving this process. As a result, highly efficient thermal waste treatment units are now used all around the world, able to meet the required from
Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 1, 139–150
all members and they must be given immediate force of law. Directives are nonlegislative acts of the EU and they have to be transposed into the national legal framework of the EU members. The EU environmental legislation mainly concerns water, air and noise pollution, chemical substances, waste management and nature conservation [10, 11, 12].
The system of financing environmental protection in Poland was designed before integration with the EU. It is based on environmental effects, while the
Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 3, 137–144
This article presents the results of the analysis of waste collection in selected rural and urban municipalities in the Silesian Voivodship in Poland in the years 2014-2018. A new approach has been presented for the evaluation of the economic efficiency of the waste management system including all costs and revenues both for the local administration and the waste collection company in a circular economy context. The results include the impact of significant factors affecting the total cost of
Transport Problems , ISSUE 2, 93–105
A properly managed municipal waste management system allows for the processing of all waste streams, including organic waste, which is one of the significant components of the entire stream. This should be done in accordance with the waste management hierarchy provided for in the Waste Framework Directive 2008/98/EC  and amended by 2018/851/EC . In accordance with its provisions, Member States should introduce measures to promote the prevention and reduction of food waste
Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 1, 121–128
Today's waste management faces a great challenge. The consumptive lifestyle of nowadays societies (extract → produce → use → throw away) produces a growing stream of waste. This forces a search for new solutions for the waste management. Current purposes of waste management focus on taking maximum advantage of the waste potential. Reasonable use of the natural resources and assuring sustainable economy is a priority of the European legislature. Waste Framework Directive assumes
Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 3, 123–129
return to production through the allocation of useful fractions and disposal of irretrievable waste. Thus, waste recycling, as a component of a waste management system, can be considered as the most important, necessary, essential, inalienable property of the fourth industrial revolution.
According to the Antimonopoly Committee of Ukraine in 2016–2017 no more than 5.8% (2.8 million m3 or 638 thousand tons) of garbage was received for recycling, of which 2.7% was utilized by thermal processing, and
Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 4, 99–108
, transport of hazardous goods (ADR), voluntary services in the scope of environmental protection and cooperation with eco-friendly organizations. There are those activities which call for improvement: a limitation of the emission of fumes, waste management and sewage treatment policy.
Transport Problems , ISSUE 1, 97–104