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research-article

Therapeutic reactance in adolescents: the psychometrics of the Therapeutic Reactance Scale in adolescents

studies used samples of undergraduates (young adults). It is therefore imperative to conduct further psychometric tests of this instrument to determine its validity, and specifically to test whether the TRS can be applied to other populations. We propose to do this in a sample of adolescents. There are theoretical reasons to suspect differences in the mean levels of reactance between adults and adolescents. Adolescence is a developmental stage defined by neurobiological, social, and psychological

Richard A. Inman, Ana Margarida Sousa, Diana Cunha, Paulo Moreira

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , 20–28

research-article

Help-seeking behavior in Norwegian adolescents: the role of bullying and cyberbullying victimization in a cross-sectional study

Introduction Adolescence represents the transition from childhood to adulthood and is a vulnerable period, as young people need to make choices regarding important aspects of their life, such as education, work, and relationships. Adolescents are often confronted with psychosocial challenges and risk factors, such as bullying and cyberbullying. Articulating the need for help can be difficult for adolescents, who may not perceive the necessity for help in spite of their worries. Help-seeking

Sabine Kaiser, Henriette Kyrrestad, Sturla Fossum

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , 81–90

Research Article

Experiences of victimization among adolescents with Substance Abuse Disorders in Sweden

Background:Adolescents who initiate treatment for substance abuse often have a history of victimization in the form of physical, psychological, or sexual abuse. These experiences can have serious adverse consequences that may affect their lives and social functioning.Objective:This article describes and analyzes victimization among adolescents who are in outpatient treatment for substance abuse disorders with respect to gender, social circumstances, alcohol and drug abuse, and mental

Mats Anderberg, Mikael Dahlberg

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 3, 123–131

Research Article

Psychometric Qualities of the Dimensional Assessment of Personality Pathology – Short Form for Adolescents

A growing body of research recognizes the occurrence and validity of personality pathology during adolescence as well as its relevance as a developmental precursor of adult personality pathology.The present study recognizes the need for a comprehensive and concise instrument to assess the dimensions of personality pathology in adolescents. Therefore, the psychometric qualities of an abbreviated version of the Dimensional Assessment of Personality Pathology - Basic Questionnaire for Adolescents

Noor B. Tromp, Hans M. Koot

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 71–79

Research Article

Determinants of Binge Drinking among Adolescents in Denmark

Binge drinking is a relatively common behavior among adolescents in Denmark. The aim of this study is to assess whether peer alcohol drinking, mothers’ and fathers’ attitudes toward alcohol drinking, and the adolescents’ own financial situations (e.g., the presence of pocket money) predict binge drinking among adolescents in Denmark.This study is based on the Danish data from the European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs, which took place in 2011. This cross-sectional survey

Maria Pedersen, Per Kragh Andersen, Svend Sabroe

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 3, 135–142

Research Article

Anxiety Disorders among Adolescents referred to General Psychiatry for Multiple Causes: Clinical Presentation, Prevalence, and Comorbidity

Reports of anxiety disorder characteristics among youth in clinical settings typically include descriptions of patients who have been specifically referred for anxiety treatment. At odds with a large body of evidence which demonstrates these disorders to be most common among young people, prevalence studies in samples referred to general psychiatry for multiple causes are scarce and report highly discrepant estimates.For this study and regardless of their presenting symptoms, 125 adolescents

Susanne Olofsdotter, Sofia Vadlin, Karin Sonnby, Tomas Furmark, Kent W. Nilsson

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 2, 55–64

Research Article

Low self-esteem and high psychological distress are common among depressed adolescents presenting to the Pediatric Emergency Department

Background:Increasing psychiatric disorders and alcohol intoxication challenge the pediatric emergency departments (PEDs) to which adolescents are referred owing to acute alcohol intoxication.Objective:This study examined the degree to which adolescents presenting to PED with alcohol intoxication or deliberate self-harm report symptoms of depression and how they differed from non-depressed patients in terms of alcohol use, perceived social support, psychological distress, self-esteem, and

Varpu Puuskari, Terhi Aalto-Setälä, Erkki Komulainen, Mauri Marttunen

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 39–49

research-article

Psychometric validity of the Compassionate Engagement and Action Scale for Adolescents: a Swedish version

Introduction The last 20 years have seen substantial developments in research on prosocial behavior in general and compassion in particular (1). Perceived social support and the giving and receiving of compassion are protective factors for perceived social threats, adverse life events, and self-criticism (2). Compassion is linked to healthy adjustment and well-being, especially for adolescents (3-12). There remain, however, substantial disagreements and differences in the definition and self

Eva Henje, Frida Carlberg Rindestig, Paul Gilbert, Inga Dennhag

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , 70–80

Research Article

Modeling Patterns of Negative Life Events and Mental Health in Faroese Adolescents

The objective of this study was to identify naturally occurring typologies of Faroese adolescents on the basis of their exposure to traumatic and negative life events. It was hypothesized that underlying typologies of trauma and negative life events would be uncovered. Furthermore, it was hypothesized that males would be overrepresented in classes characterized by the endorsement of a wide range of trauma and negative life events. On the basis of prior research, it was also hypothesized that

Tóra Petersen, Cherie Armour, Ask Elklit

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 2, 63–71

Research Article

A Danish study of One-session Treatment for Specific Phobias in Children and Adolescents

One-session treatment (OST) is a short-term massed exposure therapy for the treatment of specific phobias in children and adults. Systematic reviews have demonstrated the effectiveness of the treatment for children and adolescents across countries and age groups.A single-group open trial design was used to examine the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of OST for youths with specific phobias in a Danish context.At the Anxiety Clinic of Aarhus University, 10 youths between the ages of 7 and 17

Mette Djernes Nielsen, Christina Linddahl Andreasen, Mikael Thastum

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 2, 65–76

Research Article

The Dimensional Assessment of Personality Pathology – Short Form for Adolescents (DAPP-SF-A): normative data for Flemish adolescents aged 16 to 21 years

Background:The Dimensional Assessment of Personality Pathology – Short Form for Adolescents (DAPP-SF-A) is an age-adapted version of the DAPP Basic Questionnaire (DAPP-BQ). The psychometric properties of this questionnaire were established by Tromp and Koot. However, norming data are currently available exclusively for Dutch adolescents.Objective:The main aim of this study was to provide community-based norming data for the DAPP-SF-A in Flemish adolescents and separately for boys and girls. The

Daphne Raaijmakers, Marike G. Polak, Lidia R. Arends, Willemijn M. van Eldik, Peter Prinzie

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 2, 55–63

Review

Factors that Affect Adolescent Adherence to Mental Health and Psychiatric Treatment: a Systematic Integrative Review of the Literature

Although adherence to somatic treatment has been studied extensively, adherence to mental health treatment has not. In this study, the term treatment adherence is used to refer to adherence to medication regimes and other non-pharmacological recommended treatments as part of mental health and psychiatric care. Knowledge of factors connected to adolescents’ adherence to such treatment is fairly fragmented. Although treatment staff members are broadly aware of the factors that influence adherence

Ulla Timlin, Helinä Hakko, Raija Heino, Helvi Kyngäs

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 2, 99–107

Research Article

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Autistic Traits, and Substance Use Among Missouri Adolescents

Although existing literature demonstrates the association of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) with both substance use (SU) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD), few studies have examined rates of SU among adolescents with elevated ASD symptoms, with or without comorbid ADHD. Clinic-based studies suggest a possible protective effect of ASD against SU, but this has not been confirmed in population-based studies.We examined alcohol, tobacco, and drug use in adolescents with either

Richard C. Mulligan, Angela M. Reiersen, Alexandre A. Todorov

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 2, 86–92

research-article

I’m not a diagnosis: Adolescents’ perspectives on user participation and shared decision-making in mental healthcare

Introduction Most mental disorders emerge in adolescence, and left untreated, mental illness is a serious public health burden (1-3). Inpatient units offer acute mental health services for the most acutely ill adolescents, and there is an increasing need for this type of service (4). However, stigma and a distinct need for autonomy may hinder adolescents from seeking or receiving help (5). Thus, acute inpatient treatment can also result in involuntary treatment (6). The United Nations

Stig Bjønness, Trond Grønnestad, Marianne Storm

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , 139–148

Research Article

Risk factors for suicide attempts in the total population of Faroese eighth graders

Suicide is still one of the leading causes of youth mortality, and amongst others previous suicide attempts have been found to be one of the strongest risk factors for suicide. The objective of this study is to examine risk factors of suicide attempts in a total population of Faroese adolescents. It is expected that anxious attachment, high scores on negative affectivity and low scores on past and present social support were correlated to an increased risk of life-time suicide attempts in both

Tóra Petersen, Ask Elklit

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 3, 106–114

book-review

Changes in delinquency according to socioeconomic status among Finnish adolescents from 2000 to 2015

Introduction Delinquency and other problem behaviors are rather common amongst adolescents (1, 2). Delinquency encompasses a wide range of antisocial acts which are illegal or lawfully interpreted as constituting delinquency, including theft, violence and destruction of property (3). The prevalence of delinquency amongst adolescents varies between 6 and 18 % in Europe and the United States of America (4, 5). Unlike assumed in the public debate, the prevalence of delinquency has not increased

Noora Knaappila, Mauri Marttunen, Sari Fröjd, Nina Lindberg, Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , 52–59

research-article

An exploration of group-based compassion-focused therapy for adolescents and their parents

Introduction Having one or multiple diagnosable mental health or psychiatric conditions (hereinafter referred to as MH problems), such as externalizing disorders (e.g., attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and conduct disorder) or internalizing disorders (e.g., depression and anxiety disorders) during adolescence is difficult for the adolescents and their families. The worldwide prevalence of these MH problems is about 10–20 % (1), and it continues to increase (2). Additionally, a

Anna Sofia Bratt, Marie Rusner, Idor Svensson

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , 38–47

research-article

Mentalization mediates the relationship between borderline personality features and internalizing and externalizing psychopathology in adolescents

mentalizing (7) and thus lie at the foundation of disturbances in interpersonal relations, impulsivity and affective instability that is part of the BPD concept (8-10), and is empirically supported in various studies (5,11). In fact, BPD is reported as the most severe psychiatric disorder compared to other clinical groups among adolescents (12). Furthermore, Chanen et al. in a study found that BPD consequently predicts both psychopathology and general psychological function over and above disruptive

Ditte Aagaard Norup, Sune Bo

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , 13–19

Research Article

The Use of Social Networking Sites by Adolescents with Psychiatric Illnesses: A Qualitative Study

Social networking sites (SNSs) are increasingly dominant platforms for communication among adolescents. Recently, concerns have been raised about the risks involved with SNS use, particularly among more vulnerable adolescents.Our goal was to explore the experience of SNS use by adolescents with psychiatric illnesses. We also sought to understand the ways in which these sites may be a useful way to communicate—as well as a potential source of increased stress—for this vulnerable population.We

Gerrit Ian van Schalkwyk, Katherine Klingensmith, Paige McLaughlin, Zheala Qayyum

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 2, 108–114

Short Communication

Serotype-Specific Pneumococcal Status prior to PCV 13 Administration in Children and Adolescents with Inflammatory Bowel Disease

The aim of this study was to evaluate the serotype-specific pneumococcal status of children and adolescents with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) who were naïve to pneumococcal vaccination before administering the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV 13). This was an open, prospective study on children and adolescents aged 5–18 years who had IBD and were naïve to pneumococcal vac­cination. A single dose of PCV 13 was administered to each patient. The geometric mean

Aleksandra Banaszkiewicz, Brygida Targońska, Kinga Kowalska-Duplaga, Katarzyna Karolewska-Bochenek, Agnieszka Sieczkowska, Agnieszka Gawrońska, Urszula Grzybowska-Chlebowczyk, Elżbieta Krzesiek, Izabella Łazowska-Przeorek, Maria Kotowska, Edyta Sienkiewicz, Jarosław Walkowiak, Hanna Gregorek, Andrzej Radzikowski, Piotr Albrecht

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 89–91

research-article

Sleep in relation to psychiatric symptoms and perceived stress in Swedish adolescents aged 15 to 19 years

Introduction Good sleep is important for mental as well as somatic health in adolescents (1-6). In Sweden, studies have shown that people aged 16 to 24 years, especially females, have over time exhibited an increase in symptoms of anxiety, depression, and somatization (7, 8). Psychiatric disorders have, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), now become the second most common non-communicable health concern worldwide (cardiovascular disease being the leading concern) (9, 10

Frida Thorsén, Carl Antonson, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , 10–17

Research Article

Psychiatric problems and quality of life in a clinical sample of adolescents: The role of peer relations

Background:The quality of peer relations is linked to mental health in childhood and adolescence, but few studies have investigated its clinical relevance. In particular, the potential mediating role of peer functioning in the associations between different dimensions of symptoms and quality of life (QoL) has not been sufficiently examined.Objective:In a clinical sample of adolescents, we examined peer relations in light of psychiatric diagnoses, as well as QoL and symptoms of mental health

Ingunn Ranøyen, Eva Gulliksrud, Marit S. Indredavik, Frode Stenseng

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 4, 183–192

Research Article

Finnish schoolchildren’s perceived health-related quality of life deteriorates remarkably with age

those of their male peers. Conclusions: The poor well-being of adolescents is recognized and accepted as a development-related phenomenon. Poor health-related quality of life experienced by adolescents may be interpreted as a symptom of a disease. Deterioration in health-related quality of life among adolescents should not be accepted as a development-related factor; that phenomenon should be further investigated and necessary measures taken to improve the quality of adolescent’s life.  

Tarja Paakkonen, Heikki Paakkonen

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 4, 152–158

Case report

Treatment efficacy of narrative family therapy for children and adolescents with diverse psychiatric symptomatology

Background:Little research has been undertaken on children and adolescents with psychiatric co-morbidity and this group is seldom subject to evidence-based treatment. Equally, there has been little research on creating an evidence base for Narrative Therapy, which means that narrative family therapy (NFT) is seldom available to children and adolescents with a psychiatric disorder.Objective:A single group clinical design was used to examine the efficacy of NFT for children and adolescents with

Nina Tejs Jørring, Karsten Gjessing Jensen

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 2, 107–114

Research Article

The Influence of Mental Health, Psychosocial Factors, and Educational Skills on the Educational Aspirations of Indigenous Sámi and Non-Indigenous Adolescents in the Arctic

Background:Mental health and psychosocial factors seem to influence the educational aspirations of adolescents, which are also known to be related to educational skills and sociodemographic factors such as gender, ethnicity, religious affiliation, and socioeconomic status. Previously, the relationship between educational aspirations and mental health, psychosocial factors, and educational and sociocultural conditions has not been investigated in Arctic adolescents.Objective:We aimed to

Elisabeth Valmyr Bania, Christian Eckhoff, Siv Kvernmo

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 3, 169–179

research-article

Repetitive Negative Thinking outperforms loneliness and lack of social connectedness as a predictor of prospective depressive symptoms in adolescents

both adults and adolescents (for reviews, see: 6, 7, 8). For example, in a longitudinal cohort study in 658 at-risk adolescents Wilkinson et al. (9) found that RNT predicted both the onset of a depressive episode and levels of depressive symptoms over a 12-month interval, when controlled for baseline symptomatology. Likewise, Bijttebier and colleagues (10) showed that, again when controlled for baseline symptom levels, RNT predicted prospective levels of depressive symptoms at 3-month follow-up in

Filip Raes, Margot Bastin, Tina Pede, Eline Belmans, Luc Goossens, Janne Vanhalst

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , 149–156

Research Article

Latent Classes of Symptoms related to Clinically Depressed Mood in Adolescents

The diagnosis of major depressive disorder (MDD), according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, is based only on adult symptomatology of depression and not adapted for age and gender. This may contribute to the low diagnostic specificity and validity of adolescent MDD. In this study, we investigated whether latent classes based on symptoms associated with depressed mood could be identified in a sample of adolescents seeking psychiatric care, regardless of traditionally

Eva Henje Blom, Mats Forsman, Tony T. Yang, Eva Serlachius, Jan-Olov Larsson

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 19–28

Research Article

Continuity between Stressful Experiences and Delusion Content in Adolescents with Psychotic Disorders – A Pilot Study

Gennaro Catone, Simone Pisano, Matthew Broome, Juliana Fortes Lindau, Antonio Pascotto, Antonella Gritti

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 14–22

research-article

Burden sharing in families to children, adolescents and young adults with ADHD: Analysis of ADHD Helpline in Swedish Clinical Services

implemented in disability services programmes geared towards families to children with ADHD. This may be one of the reasons for why parents to children with ADHD report lack of sufficient social support, and that they often experience feelings of alienation and frustration regarding their public health care contacts (10). These circumstances suggest that families of children or adolescents with disabilities, including ADHD, are often left unsatisfied with formal support systems, and that they experience

Elina Renhorn, Carl Nytell, Anna Backman, Camilla Ekstrand, Tatja Hirvikoski

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , 88–91

research-article

Normative and negative sexual experiences of transgender identifying adolescents in the community

the sexual development of trans youth (transgender identifying adolescents). During puberty, increased hormone secretion triggers a series of physical changes, especially in the primary and secondary sex characteristics. Among trans youth and those who suffer from gender dysphoria these changes can lead to mental discomfort and concern over body image (7, 8), such as aversion towards genitals (9), and this may delay their willingness to engage in romantic and erotic encounters. On the other hand

Elias Heino, Sari Fröjd, Mauri Marttunen, Riittakerttu Kaltiala

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , 166–175

Research Article

Cross-Cultural Adaptation of the KONTAKT Social Skills Group Training Program for Children and Adolescents with high-functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder: A feasibility Study

Social skills group training is an intervention method that has demonstrated moderate evidence of improvement among children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). KONTAKT is a manualized social skills group training program that was developed in Germany and that has demonstrated preliminary evidence of positive effect. In this study, we describe its adaptation to Scandinavian settings.The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical feasibility of the Swedish version of KONTAKT

Nora Choque Olsson, Agneta Karlsson, Sofia Andersson, Annie Boström, Mari Ljungström, Sven Bölte

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 2, 46–54

Research Article

If It Looks Like a Duck and Quacks Like a Duck: Evaluating the Validity of Borderline Personality Disorder in Adolescents

Carla Sharp, Allison Kalpakci

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 49–62

Research Article

Association Between Participating in Noncompetitive or Competitive Sports and Mental Health among Adolescents – a Norwegian Population-based Cross-sectional Study

Background:Mental health problems in adolescents have become a major public health challenge in many western countries. Many adolescents participate in noncompetitive or competitive sports for leisure. The aim of this study was to examine the association between participation in noncompetitive or competitive sports and mental health problems among Norwegian adolescents.Method:Data from a cross-sectional survey conducted among Norwegian junior high (N=9414) and high school students (N=10,571

Sara Breistøl, Jocelyne Clench-Aas, Betty Van Roy, Ruth Kjærsti Raanaas

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 28–38

Research Article

Development of a Shortened Version of the Adolescent Stress Questionnaire (ASQ-S): construct validity and sex invariance in a large sample of Swedish adolescents

Malin K. Anniko, Katja Boersma, Nikil Ph. L. van Wijk, Don Byrne, Maria Tillfors

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 4–15

Research Article

Concurrent adversities and deliberate self-harm among indigenous Sami and majority Norwegian adolescents: the Norwegian Arctic Adolescent Health Study

Background:Few studies have investigated proximal relationships between deliberate self-harm (DSH) and concurrent adversities.Objective:We aimed to investigate these relationships in a community population of 4881 indigenous Sami and majority Norwegian adolescents, 15 to 16 years old, and related to ethnicity and gender.Methods:Youth with and without self-reports of DSH last year were compared on 12 concurrent adversities, on scales measuring family and peer functioning, and on sociodemographic

Bjørn Reigstad, Siv Kvernmo

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 3, 92–103

research-article

The efficacy of manualized Cognitive Behavior Therapy conducted by student-therapists treating Danish youths with anxiety using a benchmark comparison

Introduction Anxiety disorders are some of the most common psychiatric disorders among children and adolescents (hereafter referred to as youths) (1,2). In an epidemiological meta-analysis, the prevalence for any anxiety disorder was found to be 12.3% among children (age 6-12 years old) and 11.0% for adolescents (age 13-18 years old) (1). In Denmark, the yearly number of youths diagnosed with depression or an anxiety disorder has tripled from 2006 to 2016 (3). Although many anxiety disorders

Daniel Bach Johnsen, Kristian Arendt, Mikael Thastum

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , 68–80

Review

Hallucinations and other psychotic symptoms in response to methylphenidate in children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a Cochrane systematic review with meta-analysis and trial sequential analysis#

Background:There is little evidence in the literature on the association between methylphenidate treatment and psychotic symptoms in children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).Objective:We examine the occurrence of psychotic symptoms during methylphenidate treatment of children and adolescents with ADHD. The data arise from our two Cochrane systematic reviews on methylphenidate, reported elsewhere.Methods:Electronic databases were searched up to January 2016

Erica Ramstad, Ole Jakob Storebø, Trine Gerner, Helle B. Krogh, Mathilde Holmskov, Frederik L. Magnusson, Carlos R. Moreira-Maia, Maria Skoog, Camilla Groth, Donna Gillies, Morris Zwi, Richard Kirubakaran, Christian Gluud, Erik Simonsen

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 52–71

research-article

Towards a definition of multiple and complex needs in children and youth: Delphi study in Flanders and international survey

, based on the answers to the open question in the first round of the Delphi Study In the second round, participants ranked the four definition possibilities. The definition that was selected, received 20% more points (based on the ranking by participants) compared to the definition with the second highest amount of points. Definition and consensus Delphi study The final definition of MCN in children and youth was: Children and adolescents with profound and interacting needs in the context of

Helena Van den Steene, Dirk van West, Inge Glazemakers

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , 60–67

research-article

The shortened version of the Adolescent Stress Questionnaire (ASQ-S; Sweden): a validation study in United Kingdom adolescents

reliability (9), and problematic factor loadings (6). Although (6) reported adequate fit indices among Northern Irish adolescents (CFI = 0.95; RMSEA = 0.08), these authors also reported concerns about the reliability (a = 0.50) and validity of ‘emerging adult responsibility’ scores specifically. One drawback of using the ASQ is its length, particularly in studies where larger batteries of questionnaires are required to be administered. A shorter version of the ASQ might also be useful for mental health

Michael McKay, James Andretta, John Perry

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , 81–87

Research Article

Non-Suicidal Self-Injury and Indirect Self-Harm Among Danish High School Students

Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and indirect self-harm are prevalent among adolescents, but it is rare to see them described as related topics.The purpose of this study was to investigate whether there is a correlation between the frequencies of NSSI and indirect self-harm (e.g., eating problems, alcohol and drug use) and how this may be influenced by gender.Questionnaires about NSSI (e.g., cutting, burning, scratching, hitting oneself) and indirect self-harm were distributed to high school

Bo Møhl, Peter la Cour, Annika Skandsen

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 11–18

research-article

Adolescent Friendship Formation and Mental Health: A Stochastic Actor-Based Model of Help-Seeking Behavior*

Introduction Adolescent mental ill-health is a pervasive public health problem. The National Comorbidity Survey Replication–Adolescent Supplement (NCS-A) indicates that the prevalence of psychological disorders with severe impairment and/or distress is 22.2% among a nationally representative sample of U.S. adolescents age 13-18 years old (Merikangas et al., 2010). Poor mental health among adolescents is linked with impaired social interactions, violent behaviors, worse educational outcomes

Marlon P. Mundt, Larissa I. Zakletskaia

Journal of Social Structure , ISSUE 3, 50–69

research-article

Trust and general risk-taking in externalizing adolescent inpatients versus non-externalizing psychiatric controls

, identification, and treatment of psychiatric disorders with interpersonal impairment, such as externalising disorders, is interpersonal trust (hereon referred to as trust) which can be measured through behavioural decision making (4). Research investigating the association between behavioural trust and externalising disorders, however, has been scarce. Historically, a leading approach for understanding interpersonal problems associated with externalising disorders in children and adolescents has been to

William Mellick, Carla Sharp, Eric Sumlin

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , 92–96

Research Article

The Relationship between Personality Disorders and Quality of Life in Adolescent Outpatients

During recent years, there has been an increasing focus on the benefits of the early detection and treatment of personality disorders in adolescents. Previous studies of adults have shown that the number of personality disorder criteria met is negatively correlated with a patient’s quality of life and general functioning.The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of personality disorders, particularly with regard to the correlation between the number of personality disorder

Hans Ole Korsgaard, Svenn Torgersen, Tore Wentzel-Larsen, Randi Ulberg

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 3, 180–189

Case report

Hikikomori: debating a XXI century phenomenon from a clinical point of view

The term hikikomori describes a specific form of social withdrawal that can be observed in children, adolescents, and young adults. Epidemiological research studies have shown that this condition is comorbid with a psychopathological disorder only in 50% of all cases. Many young people in a state of withdrawal do not show symptoms ascribable to already known diagnostic parameters. The authors, psychologist, and psychiatrist at the UFSMIA (Functional Mental Health Unit for Children and

Fiorenzo Ranieri, Luciano Luccherino

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 72–79

research-article

Parental internalizing symptoms as predictors of anxiety symptoms in clinic-referred children

Krister Westlye Fjermestad, Christina Lium, Einar R. Heiervang, Odd E. Havik, Bente Storm Mowatt Haugland, Ingvar Bjelland, Gro Janne Henningsen Wergeland

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , 18–24

research-article

Cyberbullying: relationship with developmental variables and cyber victimization

Introduction The technology is gradually having an important impact on adolescents, as online communication becomes a significant part of their social life (1). At the same time, bullying, that is aggressive repetitive behaviors against a defenseless victim (2), has found a new medium, online environments. Cyberbullying is defined as “an aggressive, intentional act carried out by a group or individual, using electronic forms of contact, repeatedly and overtime against a victim who cannot easily

Gülendam Akgül, Müge Artar

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , 25–37

Research Article

Behavioral Weight Loss Treatment for Youth Treated With Antipsychotic Medications

, anthropomorphic, and metabolic findings from a case series of obese adolescents taking antipsychotic medications who participated in a short-term, family-based behavioral weight loss intervention.Methods:We adapted the Traffic Light Plan, a 16-week family-based weight loss intervention that promotes healthy energy balance using the colors of the traffic light to categorize the nutritional value of foods and the intensity of physical activity. We then added a social and ecological framework to address health

Ginger E. Nicol, Rachel P Kolko, Monica Mills, Thrudur Gunnarsdottir, Michael D. Yingling, Julia A. Schweiger, Eric J. Lenze, John W. Newcomer, Denise Wilfley

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 2, 96–104

Research Article

Children’s coping styles and trauma symptoms after an explosion disaster

Background:The negative impact of trauma on children and adolescents is well documented. However, few studies have investigated the relationship between coping and trauma and distress symptoms after man-made disasters, especially those not related to war.Objective:This study investigated the relationship between children’s coping styles and their self-reported levels of trauma and distress symptoms after an explosion disaster in a residential area.Method:Participants were recruited through the

Mette Elmose, Christina Duch, Ask Elklit

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 3, 132–140

case report

Zolpidem in treatment resistant adolescent catatonia: a case series

usually associated with catatonia. These conditions can lead to hypernatremia, pneumonia, rhabdomyolysis, sepsis, pulmonary embolism, renal and liver dysfunction, deep venous thrombosis, arrhythmia and neuroleptic malignant syndrome (2). It is found to be more severe in the younger age group (3). In adolescents it increases the risk of premature death up to 60 fold in comparison to the general population of the same sex and age (4). It becomes crucial to diagnose and treat adolescent catatonia early

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , 135–138

Research Article

Psychological Difficulties among Children and Adolescents with Ethnic Danish, Immigrant, and Refugee Backgrounds

Ingrid Leth, Janni Niclasen, Else Ryding, Yasmine Baroud, Barbara H. Esbjørn

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 29–37

case-report

Juvenile spondyloarthritis and chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis overlap syndrome in a 16-year-old adolescent. A case report and literature review

Michał Znajdek, Agnieszka Gazda, Piotr Gietka, Marta Wysmołek, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 77, 152–157

book-review

The complete guide to ADHD: nature, diagnosis, and treatment

I kindly received a copy of this new textbook from the authors some months ago, and now finally found the time to study it in more detail. Authors Katerina Maniadaki and Efthymios Kakouros are Professors of Developmental Psychopathology at the University of West Attica, and summarize here 25 years of clinical experience of working for children and adolescents with ADHD and relatives. Still the guide is also richly and excellently taking into account the perspective on ADHD in adulthood. The

Sven Bölte

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , 1–2

Review

Neurobiological Findings in Youth with Borderline Personality Disorder

Romuald Brunner, Romy Henze, Julia Richter, Michael Kaess

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 22–30

research-article

Dynamics of Social Networks Following Adolescent Pregnancy

; Larson & Verma, 1999), support through transitions and stresses (Hartup, 1996), self confidence, social competencies (Buhrmester, 1990), and social capital (i.e. resources, information, support) (Bourdieu, 1999; Burt, 2000; Coleman, 1988; Lin, 1999). Teens’ access to friends and the value they derive from them likely varies depending on their environment (Small, 2009). For adolescents, schools are often their primary social organization, where they meet and interact with similarly aged peers. Schools

Elizabeth Humberstone

Journal of Social Structure , ISSUE 1, 1–34

Review

Classifications and imaging of juvenile spondyloarthritis

with juvenile spondyloarthritis. The use of magnetic resonance imaging in evaluation of children and adolescents with a clinical suspicion of sacroiliitis would improve early diagnosis, identification of inflammatory changes and treatment. In this paper, we present the imaging features of juvenile spondyloarthritis in juvenile ankylosing spondylitis, juvenile psoriatic arthritis, reactive arthritis with spondyloarthritis, and juvenile arthropathies associated with inflammatory bowel disease.

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Iris Eshed, Lennart Jans, Nele Herregods, James Teh, Jelena Vojinovic

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 74, 224–233

Original Paper

Comparison of PCR, Fluorescent in Situ Hybridization and Blood Cultures for Detection of Bacteremia in Children and Adolescents During Antibiotic Therapy

TOMASZ W. ŹRÓDŁOWSKI, DANUTA JURKIEWICZ-BADACZ, AGNIESZKA SROKA-OLEKSIAK, DOMINIKA SALAMON, MAŁGORZATA BULANDA, TOMASZ GOSIEWSKI

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 4, 479–486

Research Article

Does School Functioning Matter in Patients of Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services?

General population studies have demonstrated that good school functioning protects children and adolescents against mental health problems. However, no such studies of clinical populations have been conducted. Therefore, we explored the association between school functioning and mental health in patients referred to child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS). We also examined whether good school functioning and general social competence at referral predicted better mental health

Einar S. Stødle, Thomas Jozefiak

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 14–23

Review

Diagnosing Borderline Personality Disorder During Adolescence: A Review of the Published Literature

studies addressed the construct validity of BPD in adolescents (i.e., whether a BPD diagnosis during adolescence actually measures what is intending to measure) and reported consistent relationships between BPD and associated areas of dysfunction and distress as evidence of the validity of the BPD diagnosis. Research evidence indicates that there is no single symptom that is predictive of later BPD diagnosis during adolescence; rather, a pattern of two to three selected BPD symptoms that are evident

Andrea Fossati

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 5–21

research-article

Moderation of treatment effects by parent-adolescent conflict in a randomised controlled trial of Attachment-Based Family Therapy for adolescent depression

Introduction Adolescents who suffer from depression report experiencing more conflict and less support in the relationship with their parents (1). The transition into adolescence is normatively accompanied by increases in parent-child conflict (2), but not all parent-adolescent dyads manage these conflicts equally well (3). Parent-adolescent conflict has been linked to onset of adolescent depressive symptoms in multiple studies (4-6). Parent-adolescent conflict has further been found to predict

Erling W. Rognli, Luxsiya Waraan, Nikolai O. Czajkowski, Marianne Aalberg

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , 110–122

Research Article

Exploration of ADHD Subtype Definitions and Co-Occurring Psychopathology in a Missouri Population-Based Large Sibship Sample

There is some debate regarding the utility of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) subtypes as currently defined. Differences in co-occurring psychopathology among subtypes would support the validity of subtype definitions. To explore how ADHD subtype relates to co-occurring psychopathology in a large population-based sample of children and adolescents (n=5744). Parents completed the Strengths and Weaknesses of ADHD-symptoms and Normal behavior (SWAN) questionnaire, the Child

Angela M. Reiersen, Alexandre A. Todorov

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 3–13

Research Article

Assessment and Treatment of Identity Pathology During Adolescence

Personality disorders can be seen as patterns of maladaptive personality traits that have their onset during childhood or adolescence and that have an impact on the individual throughout the life span. Identity disturbance is seen as the central construct for detecting severe personality pathology—and, most notably, borderline personality disorder—in adults and adolescents. Therefore, in the revision of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, the construct of

Susanne Schlüter-Müller, Kirstin Goth, Emanuel Jung, Klaus Schmeck

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 63–70

Research Article

Collection of developmental history in the evaluation of schizophrenia spectrum disorders

childhood or adolescence. The instruments can be used either for interviews or as self-administered questionnaires. The parent-rated form has been used for research and for the clinical assessment of children and adolescents with complex neurodevelopmental presentations with or without strong evidence of schizophrenia risk.The collection of developmental history information is important when evaluating individuals with schizophrenia and related disorders. The Motor Skills History Form and the

Angela M. Reiersen

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 36–43

research-article

Can the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) help characterize the types of psychopathologic conditions driving child psychiatry referrals?

age-matched controls. Scores on the CBCL Thought and Social Problems scales significantly differentiated children with ASD from controls. Similarly, de Nijs et al. (21) used data from the CBCL to conduct latent class analysis on the Attention Problems, Aggressive Behavior, and Rule-Breaking Behavior scales of the CBCL in a large referred sample of adolescents. Two groups of adolescents with high levels of attention problems were identified: one with high and one with low levels of aggressive and

Joseph Biederman, Maura DiSalvo, Carrie Vaudreuil, Janet Wozniak, Mai Uchida, K. Yvonne Woodworth, Allison Green, Stephen V. Faraone

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , 157–165

Original Paper

Serum TSH level in obese children and its correlations with atherogenic lipid indicators and carotid intima media thickness

indicators, and carotid intima media thickness in obese children and adolescents. Methods: A study group consisted of 110 obese children (11.5 ± 2.9 years) and 38 healthy children (13.4 ± 2.6 years). Obesity was defined using International Obesity Task Force criteria. In each patient anthropometric measurements, thyroid-stimulating hormone, free thyroxine, a lipid profile were evaluated. Carotid intima-media thickness was measured in 74 obese children and 28 lean children. The resulting data were used to

Małgorzata Rumińska, Ewelina Witkowska-Sędek, Anna Majcher, Michał Brzewski, Monika Krawczyk, Beata Pyrżak

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 75, 296–301

research-article

Further evidence of the Diagnostic Utility of the Child Behavior Checklist for identifying pediatric Bipolar I Disorder

reaction. For all four studies, parents provided written informed consent to participate. Children and adolescents provided written assent to participate. The Partners Human Research Committee approved these studies. Assessment procedures In all four studies, psychiatric assessments of subjects were made with the Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders – Epidemiologic Version (KSADS-E) (26–28). The K-SADS-E is a semi-structured interview tool used in research that assesses for the presence or absence

Amy Yule, Maura Fitzgerald, Timothy Wilens, Janet Wozniak, K. Yvonne Woodworth, Alexa Pulli, Mai Uchida, Stephen V. Faraone, Joseph Biederman

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , 1–8

Research Article

Child self-report and parent ratings for the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire: Norms and agreement in a Swedish random population sample

Background:The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) measures behavioral problems among children and adolescents. Prior research in Sweden has included child self-report or parent ratings from community or population data.Objective:To provide child-reported and parent-rated SDQ norms for 11- to 16-year-olds, as well as data on child–parent agreement and parental sociodemographic correlates: education, employment status, and quality of life.Method:A random population sample with 600

Bojing Liu, Karin Engström, Isabel Jadbäck, Sara Ullman, Anne H. Berman

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 13–27

Research Article

Early-Onset Schizophrenia: Exploring the Contribution of the Thought Disorder Index to Clinical Assessment

“contamination” score was the only one found to be specific to schizophrenia.Although the sample size limits the conclusions that can be drawn, the results indicate that the TDI may be superior to the CS for the identification of thought disorder specific to—but not always present in—adolescents with schizophrenia. In other words, the absence of severe thought disorder is not synonymous with the absence of severe psychopathology, but the presence of the most severe thought disorder types (i.e., “absurd

Dorte Bundgaard Andersen, Ditte Lammers Vernal, Niels Bilenberg, Mette Skovgaard Væver, Anne Dorte Stenstrøm

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 23–30

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