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case-report

Duplicated inferior vena cava with coexisting multiple vascular anomalies and their clinical implications: a case report

Introduction Anomalies of the inferior vena cava (IVC) are relatively rare. They should be detected before scheduled urological or vascular surgery or organ transplant operations because of the risk of complications. Additionally, IVC anomalies may be mistakenly diagnosed as enlarged aortic lymph nodes and unnecessarily biopsied(1–3). The embryogenesis of the IVC involves three pairs of cardinal veins: posterior, inferior and superior(3,4). The complexity of embryogenesis determines the

Cezary Gołąbek, Karolina Druć, Zuzanna Dusińska, Jakub Franke, Emil Głowacki, Agata Kuskowska, Adrianna Mróz, Oliwia Opacka, Oktawia Pięta, Anna Świderska, Karol Welc, Dominika Jaguś, Agnieszka Krauze, Maciej Jędrzejczyk

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 78, 236–239

original-paper

Non-invasive diagnosis of aortic arch anomalies in children – 15 years of own experience

Introduction Aortic arch anomalies are a diverse group of congenital anatomical defects of the main artery, which may be the primary cause of significant symptoms(1–3). When coexisting with other congenital cardiovascular, respiratory and gastrointestinal defects, they affect both their symptoms and the treatment process. Abnormal spatial relations between the aortic arch and its branches and the esophagus and trachea in patients with vascular rings may cause respiratory symptoms and dysphagia

Wojciech Mądry, Maciej Aleksander Karolczak, Marcin Myszkowski, Ewa Zacharska-Kokot

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 76, 5–8

Review Paper

Corpus callosum and epilepsies

Introduction. Corpus callosum (CC) is the largest forebrain commissure. Structural anomalies and accompanying clinical symptoms are not in the focus of neurologists, epileptologists or neurosurgeons. Aim and method. Anatomy, embryological development, normal functions, structural abnormalities, additional malformations, clinical symptoms and seizure disorders with CC anomalies are reviewed from the literature. Review. The detection of callosal anomalies increased rapidly with widespread use of

Gerhard Bauer, Elżbieta Płonka-Półtorak, Richard Bauer, Iris Unterberger, Giorgi Kuchukhidze

Journal of Epileptology , ISSUE 2, 89–104

Review Article

Chest wall – underappreciated structure in sonography. Part II: Non-cancerous lesions

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk, Elżbieta Bernatowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 71, 275–280

case-report

Prenatal diagnosis of congenital megalourethra in the second trimester of pregnancy

thin layer of skin and connective tissue, making the penis a cystic rod-shaped structure. This type has much worse prognosis with high prevalence of associated anomalies. All cases were diagnosed prenatally via ultrasound. Most diagnoses were made in the second trimester (86%), followed by third (12%) and first trimester (2%)(1). The high rate of detection in the second trimester could be explained by the emergence of complications (megacystis, hydroureters, hydronephrosis, oligohydramnios) or

Do Duy Anh, Ha To Nguyen, Simon Meagher, Edward Araujo Júnior

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 79, 302–304

case-report

Prenatal diagnosis of congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries

Introduction Congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries, a rare congenital heart disease, is characterized by discordant ventriculoarterial and atrioventricular connections. It is considered a conotruncal anomaly that accounts for approximately 0.05% of congenital heart diseases after birth(1). Although corrected transposition of the great arteries is rarely associated with chromosomal or extracardiac anomalies, it is frequently associated with cardiac anomalies, such as

Nathalie Jeanne Bravo-Valenzuela, Alberto Borges Peixoto, Edward Araujo Júnior

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 79, 314–317

research-article

Gradual diagnosis and clinical importance of prenatally detected persistent left superior vena cava with absent right superior vena cava – a case report and literature review

Introduction At week 4 of gestation, the blood of the upper half of a fetal body is drained by the bilateral symmetrically arranged anterior cardinal veins. By week 8 they connect by an oblique anastomosis (future left brachiocephalic or innominate vein) and the part of the left anterior cardinal vein regresses. Persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC) seems to be a remnant of this regressed vessel(1). Achiron et al. proposed a classification of fetal venous system anomalies, where PLSVC is

Oskar Sylwestrzak, Maria Respondek-Liberska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 81, e146–e150

research-article

Developing smart Tele-ECG system for early detection and monitoring heart diseases based on ECG signal: progress and challenges

telehealth monitoring systems could detect the anomalies in the data obtained from the patient. Several examples of these classified data are ECG (electocardiogram), USG (ultrasound images), EEG (electroencephalogram), and many other data. These data will be classified by the system according to the disease that could possibly cause the symptoms. The data will be sent to the appropriate practitioner in order to respond to the patient as fast as possible. The architecture of a telehealth monitoring system

Wisnu Jatmiko, M. Anwar Ma’sum, Hanif Arief Wisesa, Hadaiq Rolis Sanabila

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 1–28

Article

Internet of Things Application in Satellite Communication in Power Transmission, Transform and Distribution

Dong Chuang

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 4, 38–46

Original Paper

Ultrasonographic study of the incidence of pyramidal lobe and agenesis of the thyroid isthmus in Nnewi population

Abstract Introduction: Ultrasound is the most reliable imaging modality for thyroid evaluation due to the limitations in the clinical examination of this gland. Thyroid gland developmental anomalies are rare. Most of its variations are due to the persistence of the thyroglossal duct and the absence of the isthmus. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of pyramidal lobe and agenesis of the thyroid isthmus in Nnewi population using ultrasound. Materials and method: A total of 321

Lotanna Somtoo Akudu, Ukoha Ukoha Ukoha, Jervas Ekezie, Chinwe Clarice Ukoha

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 75, 290–295

Case report

Anomalous origin of the right coronary artery from the main pulmonary artery treated surgically in a 6-week-old infant. A case report and review of the literature

this reason, the diagnosis is usually established when the disease is highly advanced, oftentimes only postmortem. In this paper, the authors present early echocardiographic evaluation, successful surgical treatment and post-operative echocardiographic examination.Case presentationFetal echocardiographic examinations demonstrated single vascular anomalies. The suspicion was verified after birth. Other congenital defects, including genetic defects, were also investigated. In the 5th week of life

Krzysztof Grabowski, Maciej Aleksander Karolczak, Ewa Zacharska-Kokot, Wojciech Mądry, Jacek Pająk

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 72, 71–76

Review

Recommendations for ultrasound examination in ophthalmology. Part I: Ultrabiomicroscopic examination

and development anomalies of an anterior segment of an eyeball, confirms a special meaning of this method.

Jacek Kosmala, Iwona Grabska-Liberek, Rimvydas Stanislovas Ašoklis

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 75, 344–348

Review

Methodology of echocardiographic analysis of morphological variations of the aortic arch and its branches in children – own experience

Introduction Anomalies of the aortic arch are common and well-defined developmental abnormalities varying in anatomy and clinical importance(1–10). They may form vascular rings encircling the esophagus and the trachea, which may cause dysphagia and respiratory difficulties, or remain asymptomatic and thus undiagnosed or diagnosed accidentally. An unexpected course of mediastinal arteries may cause difficulties during cardiac, thoracic or laryngological surgeries, as well as during

Wojciech Mądry, Ewa Zacharska-Kokot, Maciej A. Karolczak

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 76, 24–42

original-paper

Ultrasonography of peritoneal tuberculosis

associated extraperitoneal abdominal involvement. This study was approved by our hospital’s ethics committee. Results Ultrasound revealed ascites (Fig. 1) in 32 patients (84.2%). It was hypoechoic in all cases and was associated with adhesions in 32%. It was free 68% (Tab. 2). Fig. 1. Lobulated ascites and entero-parietal adhesions (star) Tab. 2. Distribution of peritoneal lesions found on ultrasound Ultrasound anomalies Number % Parietal peritoneum 34 89.4% Ascites 32 84.2% Large

Ababacar Mbengue, Abdou Rahmane Ndiaye, Ndeye Isseu Amar, Moustapha Diallo, Aminata Diack, Mame Diarra Ndao, Massamba Diop, Amath Fall, Cheikh Tidiane Diouf, Thierno Omar Soko, Ibrahima Cisse Diakhate

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 77, 98–104

Research Article

Ultrasound comparison of external and internal neck anatomy with the LMA Unique

adult patients with no evidence of airway anomalies, were recruited. External neck landmarks were measured based on a validated and standardized method by tape. Eight internal anatomical landmarks, reciprocal by the investigational hypothesis to the external landmarks, were also measured by ultrasound guidance. The internal landmarks were re-measured after optimal placement and inflation of the extraglottic airway devices cuff Laryngeal Mask Airway Unique.ResultsSix subjects were recruited

Steven M. Lee, Jacek A. Wojtczak, Davide Cattano

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 71, 229–234

Original Paper

Doppler ultrasound appearance of neck tumors

Aim: The purpose of this study was the evaluation of the sonographic appearance of neck tumors and determining the features useful in differential diagnosis. Material and method: The studied group consisted of 57 patients: 16 patients with carotid body tumors, 9 patients with neurogenic tumors, 8 patients with venous anomalies, 12 patients with neck cysts, 6 patients with lipomas, 5 patients with extracranial carotid artery aneurysms and 1 with a laryngocele. Results: All carotid paragangliomas

Anna Szymańska, Marcin Szymański, Wiesław Gołąbek, Anna Drelich-Zbroja, Tomasz Jargiełło

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 73, 96–102

review -article

Optimization of diagnostic ultrasonography of the gallbladder based on own experience and literature

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk, Elżbieta Bernatowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 80, e29–e35

Research paper

Cerebellar cortex development in the weaver condition presents regional and age-dependent abnormalities without differences in Purkinje cells neurogenesis

features; 2) qualitative evaluation of the developmental changes occurring in the cortical lobes; and 3) autoradiographic analyses of PC generation and placement. Our results revealed a reduction in the size of the wv/wv cerebellum as a whole, confirming previous results. However, as distinguished from these reports, we observed that quantified parameters contribute differently to the abnormal growth of the wv/wv cerebellar lobes. Qualitative analysis showed anomalies in wv/wv cerebellar

Joaquín Martí, María C. Santa-Cruz, José P. Hervás, Shirley A. Bayer, Sandra Villegas

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 1, 53–65

Research Article

A multicenter, randomized, controlled study of Training Executive, Attention, and Motor Skills (TEAMS) in Danish preschool children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: Rationale and description of the intervention and study protocol

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a highly prevalent neurodevelopmental disorder that is often detected during the preschool years. Neuroimaging data indicate that children with ADHD have brains that are characterized by growth and functional anomalies. Data suggest that the diminution of ADHD symptoms is correlated with improved neural functioning and growth. On the basis of these findings, interventions that target neural growth, which indicates neural development, can

Helle Annette Vibholm, Jesper Pedersen, Anne Holm, Søren Krue

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 2–10

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