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case-report

Prenatal diagnosis of congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries

Introduction Congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries, a rare congenital heart disease, is characterized by discordant ventriculoarterial and atrioventricular connections. It is considered a conotruncal anomaly that accounts for approximately 0.05% of congenital heart diseases after birth(1). Although corrected transposition of the great arteries is rarely associated with chromosomal or extracardiac anomalies, it is frequently associated with cardiac anomalies, such as

Nathalie Jeanne Bravo-Valenzuela, Alberto Borges Peixoto, Edward Araujo Júnior

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 79, 314–317

Review

Standards of the Polish Ultrasound Society – update. Ultrasound examination of the visceral arteries

in the hepatic and splenic arteries – assessing the fl ow  velocity, resistance, and pulsatility indices (which fall below 0.65 and below 1.0 in cases of stenosis of the celiac trunk with a reduced capacity of collateral circulation), as well as assessing the changes in these parameters during normal respiration and during inspiration. This paper discusses in detail the examination methods for the celiac trunk and mesenteric arteries, as well as additional procedures used to confi rm the

Michał Elwertowski, Robert Lechowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 60, 85–95

research-article

Ultrasonography of vulnerable atherosclerotic plaque in the carotid arteries: B-mode imaging

vulnerable plaque (Virmani34) In the case of fibrous cap rupture, when the lipid core is damaged and there is potential bleeding into the plaque, the material is released into the vascular lumen, which might lead to vascular occlusion and a CVA(16,18). It is then currently crucial to properly identify plaque instability within the carotid arteries by evaluating parameters and phenomena that signify an initiating cascade of complications eventually leading to stroke. The evaluation of atherosclerotic

Andrzej Fedak, Katarzyna Ciuk, Andrzej Urbanik

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 81, e135–e145

Original Paper

The importance of blood flow volume in the brain-supplying arteries for the clinical management – the impact of collateral circulation

Aim: An assessment of increased compensatory blood flow in the brain-supplying arteries in patients with significant carotid artery stenosis. Materials and methods: Doppler ultrasound was performed in 218 patients over 60 years of age to evaluate both the degree of brain-supplying artery stenosis as well as the blood flow volume balance in all vessels supplying the brain: the internal carotid artery, the external carotid artery and the vertebral artery. The control group included 94 patients

Michał Elwertowski, Jerzy Leszczyński, Piotr Kaszczewski, Krzysztof Lamparski, Stella Sin Yee Ho, Zbigniew Gałązka

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 73, 112–119

research-article

Comparison of the resistive indices obtained in the uterine artery and the ophthalmic artery in preeclamptic and normotensive patients in Doppler US

velocity disorders. Impaired trophoblastic invasion of the maternal spiral arteries is associated with increased risk for maternal complications of pregnancy, such as pregnancy-induced hypertension, preeclampsia, placental abruption, poor fetal outcome, intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and small for gestational age (SGA) infant(14). Numerous tests, including cold pressor test, have been found to identify mothers at risk of preeclampsia(15). Doppler ultrasound and color Doppler imaging (CDI) are

Syeda Rabi Madina, Raham Bacha, Syed Amir Gilani, Wafa Fatima, Wahida Awais, Hamnah Fatima, Iqra Manzoor

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 81, e95–e99

Review

Visceral artery aneurysms – classification, diagnosis and treatment

Ewa Piasek, Michał Sojka, Maryla Kuczyńska, Łukasz Światłowski, Anna Drelich-Zbroja, Olga Furmaga, Tomasz Jargiełło

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 73, 148–151

Review

Recommendations for ultrasonographic assessment of renal arteries

Anna Drelich-Zbroja, Maryla Kuczyńska, Łukasz Światłowski, Anna Szymańska, Michał Elwertowski, Agnieszka Marianowska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 75, 338–343

Original Paper

Intima–media complex thickness and carotid atherosclerotic plaque formation in Lublin’s population in the context of selected comorbidities

Introduction: Atherosclerosis (arteriosclerosis) is a chronic arterial disease of the arteries with chronic inflammatory. The pathology of atherosclerosis is complex, and the atherosclerotic process is multi-factorial, not fully understood. Risk factors of atherosclerotic lesions may include: lipid disorders, hypertension or diabetes. One of the diagnostic methods of discovering atherosclerosis covers the assessment of the intima–media complex thickness by Doppler ultrasonography. Aim: The aim

Tomasz Słomka, Anna Drelich-Zbroja, Magdalena Jarząbek, Małgorzata Szczerbo-Trojanowska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 73, 133–139

case-report

Isolation of the left subclavian artery in an infant with tetralogy of Fallot, right aortic arch and DiGeorge syndrome. Echocardiographic diagnostic case study

-sided aortic arch. RaoG – right dorsal aorta, LAoG – left dorsal aorta, LSA – left subclavian artery (the arrow indicates the direction of its migration), LCA – left carotid artery, III and IV – pharyngeal (aortic) arch arteries, DA – ductus arteriosus, AoS – aortic sac, PA – pulmonary trunk (author’s own scheme – M.A.K) Fig. 3. Systole. A round cross-section of the ascending aorta (AoAs) filled with red, and the pulmonary trunk (PA) and the right pulmonary artery (RPA) – blue color. A bulge

Maciej A. Karolczak, Wojciech Mądry, Darren James Grégoire

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 76, 66–70

Review

Guidelines for ultrasound examination in ophthalmology. Part III: Color Doppler ultrasonography

Theoretical basics of color Doppler imaging and the Doppler effect Doppler ultrasonography is recommended for the assessment of blood flow in the retrobulbar and carotid arteries. This examination was introduced in the 1980s. It consists in the determination of the level of artery stenosis on the basis of flow acceleration. An estimated accuracy of this method in the carotid arteries is ca. 50–79% when compared to selective arteriography(1). In the retrobulbar arteries, which are vessels with

Monika Modrzejewska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 77, 128–136

Case report

Ultrasound-guided percutaneous aspiration of adventitial cysts in the occluded popliteal artery – clinical results and MR findings at 5-year follow-up

Cystic adventitial disease is a rare disorder that occurs in peripheral arteries. Calf claudica­tion caused by compression of the popliteal artery is a typical presentation of this disease. This is a report of two cases of occluded popliteal artery decompression by percutaneous ultrasound-guided cyst aspiration. In both cases, decompression of the artery was achieved with a significant decrease in the size of adventitial cysts and restoration of flow. Both pa­tients reported complete

Grzegorz Rosiak, Krzysztof Milczarek, Andrzej Cieszanowski, Olgierd Rowiński

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 70, 212–216

Review

Standards in neurosonology. Part I

The paper presents standards related to ultrasound imaging of the cerebral vasculature and structures. The aim of this paper is to standardize both the performance and description of ultrasound imaging of the extracranial and intracranial cerebral arteries as well as a study of a specifi c brain structure, i.e. substantia nigra   hyperechogenicity. The following aspects are included in the description of standards for each ultrasonographic method:equipment requirements, patient preparation

Joanna Wojczal, Tomasz Tomczyk, Piotr Luchowski, Grzegorz Kozera, Radosław Kaźmierski, Zbigniew Stelmasiak

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 62, 307–317

Case report

Anomalous origin of the right coronary artery from the main pulmonary artery treated surgically in a 6-week-old infant. A case report and review of the literature

BackgroundIn the present paper, the authors describe a case of a rare congenital defect – anomalous origin of the right coronary artery from the main pulmonary artery diagnosed in a 5-week-old infant who was deemed eligible for surgical treatment based solely on echocardiography. Such anatomical abnormalities of the coronary arteries are subtle and thus extremely difficult to visualize, especially in patients in whom permanent extensive damage of the cardiac muscle has not yet occurred. For

Krzysztof Grabowski, Maciej Aleksander Karolczak, Ewa Zacharska-Kokot, Wojciech Mądry, Jacek Pająk

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 72, 71–76

Research paper

Long-term consumption of fermented rooibos herbal tea offers neuroprotection against ischemic brain injury in rats

adult male Wistar rats. FRHT was administered to the animals ad libitum for 7 weeks prior to the induction of ischemic injury via a 20-minute bilateral occlusion of the common carotid arteries (BCCAO) followed by reperfusion for 24, 96 and 168 hours respectively. Neurobehavioural deficits, brain oedema, blood-brain barrier (BBB) damage, apoptosis, lipid peroxidation and total antioxidant capacity were subsequently evaluated using standard methods. Our results showed that long-term consumption of

Olusiji Akinrinmade, Sylvester Omoruyi, Daneel Dietrich, Okobi Ekpo

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 1, 94–105

Research Article

The importance of community screening of asymptomatic elderly for peripheral arterial disease by Doppler ultrasound and ankle-brachial index

region (r = 0.116) and a low ankle-brachial systolic pressure index value. Therefore, while the sensitivity of ankle-brachial systolic pressure index increases in proximal stenosis, it decreases in distal stenosis.ConclusionDespite the fact that ankle-brachial systolic pressure index is a diagnostic test commonly used in screening studies, evaluation of distal arteries by means of Doppler ultrasound provides more accurate information in terms of the identification of peripheral arterial disease.

Ayşe Keven, Mehmet Sedat Durmaz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 71, 235–240

Review

Standards in neurosonology. Part II

The paper presents standards related to ultrasound imaging of the cerebral vasculature and structures. The aim of this paper is to standardize both the performance and description of ultrasound imaging of the extracranial and intracranial cerebral arteries as well as a study of a specific brain structure, i.e. substantia nigra hyperechogenicity. The following aspects are included in the description of standards for each ultrasonographic method: equipment requirements, patient preparation, study

Joanna Wojczal, Tomasz Tomczyk, Piotr Luchowski, Grzegorz Kozera, Radosław Kaźmierski, Zbigniew Stelmasiak

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 64, 44–54

Review

Standards in neurosonology. Part III

The paper presents standards related to ultrasound imaging of the cerebral vasculature and structures. The aim of this paper is to standardize both the performance and description of ultrasound imaging of the extracranial and intracranial cerebral arteries as well as a study of a specific brain structure, i.e. substantia nigra hyperechogenicity. The following aspects are included in the description of standards for each ultrasonographic method: equipment requirements, patient preparation, study

Joanna Wojczal, Tomasz Tomczyk, Piotr Luchowski, Grzegorz Kozera, Radosław Kaźmierski, Zbigniew Stelmasiak

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 65, 155–162

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