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Research Article

How Prevalent Are Autistic Traits Among Children With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder? A Qualitative Review of the Literature

Twin, family, and linkage studies have indicated that attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) share a portion of their heritable etiology. This suggests that individuals with ADHD may manifest different forms of ASDs that may range from fully developed syndromic forms of the disorder to milder manifestations of ASD symptomatology, which will henceforth be referred to as autistic traits.The main purpose of this study was to conduct a literature search

Mai Uchida, Stephen V. Faraone, Gagan Joshi, Andrea Spencer, Tara Kenworthy, K. Yvonne Woodworth, Joseph Biederman

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 33–40

Research Article

Are Autistic Traits in Youth Meaningful? A Replication study in Non-referred Siblings of Youth with and without Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

We previously described the high prevalence and burden of significant autistic traits (ATs) in youth with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). These traits are associated with significantly greater impairment in psychopathological, interpersonal, educational, and neuropsychological functioning. Because the sample consisted of referred ADHD youth, uncertainty remained regarding whether these findings are generalizable to non-referred populations of youths with and without ADHD.The

Joseph Biederman, Maura Fitzgerald, Stephen V. Faraone, Ronna Fried, K. Yvonne Woodworth, Alexandra Saunders, Kristina Conroy, Gagan Joshi

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 2, 77–87

Research Article

Changes in the frequency and characteristics of children diagnosed with autistic disorder in two Norwegian cohorts: 1992 and 2009

Background:Is the increasing prevalence of autistic disorder (AD) a well-documented trend or merely a reflection of the wider recognition of AD among both the public at large and health care professionals? Data from relevant studies are frequently compromised by comparisons of different sites and different diagnostic methods.Objectives:To explore changes over time, we reviewed the following: 1) the frequency of AD diagnoses; 2) the characteristics of the diagnosed children; and 3) the ages of

Sidsel Romhus, Gyro Aas Herder, Elisabeth Grindheim, Synnve Schjølberg, Patricia Howlin

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 3–12

Research Article

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Autistic Traits, and Substance Use Among Missouri Adolescents

ADHD, elevated autistic traits, or both as compared with controls.Subjects (N = 2937) who were 13 to 17 years old from a Missouri population-based large sibship sample were assessed for ADHD, autistic traits, and SU with the use of parent-report questionnaires. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition ADHD symptom criterion (Criterion A) was applied to the Strengths and Weaknesses of ADHD-symptoms and Normal-behavior (SWAN) questionnaire item responses to determine

Richard C. Mulligan, Angela M. Reiersen, Alexandre A. Todorov

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 2, 86–92


The use of wearable technology to measure and support abilities, disabilities and functional skills in autistic youth: a scoping review

a condition where WTs are of increasing interest (6). Autistic individuals experience impairing difficulties in social interaction and communication, and atypical restrictive or repetitive behaviors and interests and altered sensory processing, hampering adaptive functioning (7). While ASD is a heterogeneous condition, with variable impacts on functioning (8), these core characteristics pose significant barriers to participation and engagement. WTs may provide a multitude of options to measure

Melissa H. Black, Benjamin Milbourn, Nigel T. M. Chen, Sarah McGarry, Fatema Wali, Armilda S. V. Ho, Mika Lee, Sven Bölte, Torbjorn Falkmer, Sonya Girdler

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , 48–69

Research Article

Recognition Memory for High and Low Associative Stimuli in Autistic Individuals with Outstanding Memory Skill

Individuals with autism exhibit typical recognition memory performance, but they show a reduced use of context and relational processing in more complex memory tasks. It is unclear whether the same is true for autistic individuals with exceptional memory skill for whom superior rote memory skill has been assumed.In this study, we investigated recognition memory for high and low associative stimuli in autistic memory experts. In accord with the rote memory notion, we expected an equal

Nicola Neumann, Christoph Braun, Anna M. Dubischar-Krivec, Sven Bölte

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 2, 43–50

Research Article

Familiality of Quantitative Autism Traits

Autistic traits exist along a continuum that extends into social functioning in the general population, and they aggregate in the family members of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Quantitative measures are therefore essential when investigating the patterns of familiality of these traits. Prior studies have suggested differential inheritance patterns of autistic traits that depend on the cognitive level of the child with ASD as well as the family type.Our goal was to examine the

Katja Jussila, Kristen Lyall, Sanna Kuusikko-Gauffin, Marja-Leena Mattila, Rachel Pollock-Wurman, Tuula Hurtig, Leena Joskitt, Risto Bloigu, Hanna Ebeling, Irma Moilanen, David Pauls

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 2, 126–135

Research paper

Analysis of methionine synthase (rs1805087) gene polymorphism in autism patients in Northern Iran

Autism is characterized by impairment in reciprocal communication and speech, repetitive behaviors, and social communication. The genetic and environmental factors play roles in the pathogenesis of autism. It was recently shown that the genes involved in the folate/homocysteine pathway may be risk factors for autistic children. One of the genes that may be the risk factor for autism is Methionine synthase (MTR). MTR is responsible for the regeneration of methionine from homocysteine. The aim of

Rosa Haghiri, Farhad Mashayekhi, Elham Bidabadi, Zivar Salehi

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 4, 318–323


A ten year longitudinal examination of the incidence rate and age of childhood encephalopathy diagnoses in an autism spectrum disorder diagnosed cohort

schematic flowchart of the data examined in the present study. Exposures The exposure variable examined in this study was identified from the ICD-9 codes filed on claims for each cohort member examined. The ICD-9 codes examined included: autistic disorder, current or active state (299.00) or other specified pervasive developmental disorders, current or active state (299.80). Only persons diagnosed with at least one of the aforementioned outcomes were members of the ASD diagnosed cohort, and persons

Janet K. Kern, David A. Geier, Kristin G. Homme, Mark R. Geier

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 1, 66–75

Case report

Clinical report: a rare co-occurrence of tuberous sclerosis complex and Rett syndrome in a girl with mental retardation, epilepsy and autism

started which were readily controlled with carbamazepine. Cerebral cortical and subcortical tubers, cerebral white-matter radial migration lines and subependymal nodules on brain MRI together with hypomelanotic macules suggested the presence of TSC. Diagnosis was confirmed at age of 3 years by a heterozygous mutation c.5161-2A>G in TSC2 gene on chromosome 16p13. But the rude regression of psychomotor development and speech, autistic features alongside with characteristic hand-wringing stereotypes

Elena Belousova, Vladimir Sukhorukov, Marina Dorofeeva, Lev Shagam, Dmitrii V. Vlodavetz

Journal of Epileptology , ISSUE 1-2, 47–51

Research Article

Early-Onset Schizophrenia: Exploring the Contribution of the Thought Disorder Index to Clinical Assessment

-psychotic disorders.Although the two groups could not be distinguished with regard to their total scores for thought disorder, the identification of specific thought disorder types proved useful for differential diagnosis. Verbalizations that were categorized by the TDI as “absurd responses,” “fluidity,” “contamination,” “autistic logic,” and “word-finding difficulty” were only given by patients who had been diagnosed with schizophrenia. When patients’ responses were scored with the use of the CS, the

Dorte Bundgaard Andersen, Ditte Lammers Vernal, Niels Bilenberg, Mette Skovgaard Væver, Anne Dorte Stenstrøm

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 23–30

Research Article

Clinical use of second-generation antipsychotics in children

of 133 patients who were younger than 13 years when initiating SGA treatment and had an ongoing SGA medication during the study period. The study sample was divided into two groups according to diagnosis to examine whether there were differences between patients with an autistic or a developmental disorder (F83-84) and patients with other psychiatric diagnoses.Results:This study showed that SGA use in children younger than 13 years was mainly off-label. Irrespective of diagnosis, the most common

Kirsi Kakko, Leena Pihlakoski, Raili Salmelin, Päivi Keskinen, Kaija Puura, Tuula Tamminen

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 2, 77–88


A Systematic Review of Social Communication and Interaction Interventions for Patients with Autism Spectrum Disorder

address ASD. To ensure stakeholder involvement, we also conducted two surveys with three major Swedish ASD interest organizations to assess perceived research priorities for ASD treatment. With the use of this rationale for selection, Early Intensive Behavioral Intervention [EIBI], Treatment and Education of Autistic and Related Communication Handicapped Children [TEACCH], social skills training groups, and interventions that involved significant others were reviewed. A bibliographic search was

Tatja Hirvikoski, Ulf Jonsson, Linda Halldner, Aiko Lundequist, Elles de Schipper, Viviann Nordin, Sven Bölte

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 3, 147–168

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