Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a debilitating disorder that occurs in approximately 1% to 3% of the general population. BPD is not only relatively prevalent; it is also associated with significant public health and security concerns. The clinical and social burden of adult BPD diagnosis has resulted in the desire for early diagnosis and the implementation of early intervention programs. A qualitative review of the scientific literature suggested that adolescence is a critical point
Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 5–21
This review summarizes recent neurobiological research into youth with borderline personality disorder (BPD) to better delineate the biological factors involved in the development of this disorder. Psychobiological studies when BPD first becomes manifest are of particular interest, because there are fewer confounding factors (e.g., duration of illness, drug abuse, medication, other therapeutic interventions) at this time. This article focuses on recent findings in the field of neuroimaging
Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 22–30
The validity of borderline personality disorder (BPD) has been a topic of much controversy in psychiatry. Over the last two decades, a wealth of empirical work has challenged long-held concerns regarding the validity of adolescent BPD. However, this research has been conducted within a traditional approach to psychiatric nosology.In this article, we aim to evaluate the validity of adolescent BPD as guided by both the Robins and Guze criteria for the validity of psychiatric constructs and the
Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 49–62
In this article, the authors provide a narrative review of the mounting evidence base on personality disorder in childhood and adolescence. Topics covered include diagnostic validity, prevalence, developmental issues, comorbidity, risk and protective factors, and treatment. Novel indicated prevention and early intervention programs for borderline personality disorder in adolescence are given special priority. To conclude, directions for future research are provided.
Mickey T. Kongerslev,
Andrew M. Chanen,
Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 31–48
Personality disorders can be seen as patterns of maladaptive personality traits that have their onset during childhood or adolescence and that have an impact on the individual throughout the life span. Identity disturbance is seen as the central construct for detecting severe personality pathology—and, most notably, borderline personality disorder—in adults and adolescents. Therefore, in the revision of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, the construct of
Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 63–70
Research displays that mentalizing dysfunctions are related to different psychiatric conditions such as schizophrenia spectrum disorders (1), bipolar disorder (2), eating disorder (3), depression (4), and borderline personality disorder (BPD) (5-7) suggesting that reduced mentalization is associated with both internalizing as well as externalizing psychopathology.
According to the mentalization-based model of BPD, the core pathology underlying BPD is associated with dysfunctions in
Ditte Aagaard Norup,
Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , 13–19