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Review Article | 31-March-2017

Mistakes in the ultrasound diagnostics of the abdominal cavity in pediatrics

The diagnostics of the abdominal cavity in children, especially in the neonatal-infantile period, requires knowledge in the field of anatomical and physiopathological differences as well as clinical symptomatology and pathology at every stage of the child’s development. Errors and mistakes in ultrasound diagnostics of the abdominal cavity in children result from many factors, including lack of experience in examining children and the knowledge concerning most frequent ailments and pathologies

Agnieszka Brodzisz

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 68, 66–72

Research paper | 13-December-2017


This paper presents a novel microwave cavity sensor application for the detection of HEPA filter particulate loading. The sensor resonates at 3.435GHz and 8.570GHz when empty, where the TM010 and TM020 modes dominate respectively. Experimental results show that the resonant frequency of the sensor shifts significantly when filters of different particulate loadings are presented to it. This is a significant finding, and means that the sensor could present an effective solution for determining

A. Mason, S. Wylie, A. Thomas, H. Keele, A. Shaw, A.I.Al- Shamma’a

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 3 , ISSUE 3, 322–337

Research Article | 27-December-2017


Port creation is one of the most common complications associated in endoscopic procedures.The focus of our study was to establish a reproducible method of determining the torque profile generated during body cavity entry using a Threaded Visual Cannula (TVC). A TVC was evaluated on 32 samples of foam media. A torque profile was generated by measuring the torque required to cannulate the foam media. Penetration of the media was captured by a digital imaging system. The 

A. Bakirtzian, A. Ternamian, G. Manson, L. Tremblay, B. Benhabib

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 2, 537–552

Review Article | 31-March-2017

Current standards in abdominal cavity ultrasound examination in children

Technological progress forces us to present after several years the updated standards in ultrasound examination of newborns, infants and older children. It should be emphasized that the examination of the youngest patients requires one to use high-class equipment. Lack of cooperation on the part of the child and imaging small structures constitute a huge challenge for the examiner. The work presents equipment requirements, the technology of examining the abdominal cavity in children and the

Michał Brzewski

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 68, 41–42

Mini Review | 30-March-2017

Application of Metagenomic Analyses in Dentistry as a Novel Strategy Enabling Complex Insight into Microbial Diversity of the Oral Cavity

The composition of the oral microbiome in healthy individuals is complex and dynamic, and depends on many factors, such as anatomi­cal location in the oral cavity, diet, oral hygiene habits or host immune responses. It is estimated at present that worldwide about 2 billion people suffer from diseases of the oral cavity, mainly periodontal disease and dental caries. Importantly, the oral microflora involved in local infections may spread and cause systemic, even life-threatening infections

Aleksandra Burczyńska, Łukasz Dziewit, Przemysław Decewicz, Izabela Strużycka, Marta Wróblewska

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 66 , ISSUE 1, 9–15

Research Article | 01-September-2011


J. H. Goh, A. Mason, A. I. Al-Shamma’a, M. Field, P. Browning

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 4 , ISSUE 3, 338–352

Research Article | 20-February-2013


Observation of the oral cavity microstructure is an important factor for a successful dental treatment. None of the many currently available diagnostic equipment can accurately observe the microstructure. In this study, we have designed an endoscope with a single graded-index multimode fiber of 600-µm diameter that can reach the narrow spaces in the oral cavity and can perform both image acquisition and sample illumination using a prism beam splitter, unlike the conventional endoscope using

Shinji Yoshii, Yupeng Zhang, Satoshi Ikezawa, Chiaki Kitamura, Tatsuji Nishihara, Toshitsugu Ueda

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 1, 1–17

research-article | 30-November-2020

Description of Prionchulus jonkershoekensis n. sp. (Nematoda: Mononchida), a new predatory species from South Africa

than cephalic papillae. Amphidial fovea cup-shaped, opening (oval to ellipsoid) at level of anterior denticle above dorsal tooth apex, 3–6 µm in diameter and occupying 1/5–1/6 of lip region width. Stoma consists of a vestibulum and a buccal cavity 1.4–1.7 times as long as wide, with 2–4 µm thick walls and tapering at its base, funnel shaped. Dorsal tooth of medium size situated in lower anterior half of buccal cavity, its apex sharply pointed, located 30–34 µm or 75–81% of the buccal cavity length

Candice Jansen van Rensburg, Hendrika Fourie, Samad Ashrafi, Milad Rashidifard

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–10

Review | 13-September-2016

intra-abdominal fat, reflection patterns, localization, ultrasound, diagnostic criteria

Unaltered fat is a permanent component of the abdominal cavity, even in slim individuals. Visceral adiposity is one of the important factors contributing to diabetes,  cardiovascular diseases and certain neoplasms. Moreover, the adipose tissue is an important endocrine and immune organ of complex function both when normal and pathological. Its role in plastic surgery, reconstruction and transplantology is a separate issue. The adipose tissue has recently drawn the

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk, Elżbieta Bernatowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 62, 318–325

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Assessing Water Activity in Dry-Cured Ham using Microwave Spectroscopy

Microwave spectroscopy have been applied in numerous applications in the non-food industry, and recently also in the food industry, for non-destructive measurements. In this study, a dry-cured ham model was designed and water activity, water content and salt content (sodium chloride) were determined for all samples using chemical analysis. The water activity was also measured using microwave spectroscopy, with a rectangular microwave cavity resonator. Attained results indicate that microwave

Stefania G. Bjarnadottir, Kathrine Lunde, Ole Alvseike, Alex Mason, Ahmed I. Al-Shamma’a

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–4

Review | 13-September-2016

Is pneumoperitoneum the terra ignota in ultrasonography?

-called thoracic-abdominal border is discussed. The equipment requirements emphasize that the diagnostic process can be conducted with the simplest portable US scanner, even without the Doppler mode. The technique of a US examination the aim of which is to detect, free air in the peritoneal cavity is also simple and conducted with the patients lying down, either in the supine or lateral position. A convex transducer with the frequency of 3.5–5 MHz is applied above the lower

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 61, 189–195

research-article | 11-March-2021

Morphology, development stages, and phylogeny of the Rhabditolaimus ulmi (Nematoda: Diplogastridae), a phoront of the bark beetle Scolytus multistriatus from the elm Ulmus glabra Huds. in Northwest Russia

of nematodes in the agar media and in the intestine of the nematode, suggesting that the nematodes were feeding on both fungi and bacteria. Nematode localization in beetle Rhabditolaimus ulmi nematodes were found under the elytra of beetle imagoes, in the ovipositor and buccal cavity, the latter containing the highest number of dauers. Dauers were observed in the buccal cavity and in developing ovipositor cavity of beetle pupae. In later stages beetle larvae nematodes were localized on the

Alexander Y. Ryss, Kristina S. Polyanina, Sergio Álvarez-Ortega, Sergei A. Subbotin

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–25

case-report | 30-September-2019

Duplicated inferior vena cava with coexisting multiple vascular anomalies and their clinical implications: a case report

, vascular defects may be accompanied by organ defects such as renal agenesis, horseshoe kidney, exstrophy of the cloaca, dextrocardia or polysplenia(5,8). Case report A 23-year-old man reported for a routine ultrasound examination of the abdominal cavity at the Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Second Faculty of Medicine, Medical University of Warsaw. The examination was performed using a Philips Epiq 5 ultrasound system with a convex probe 5–2 MHz. Multiple uncommon anomalies in the venous pattern

Cezary Gołąbek, Karolina Druć, Zuzanna Dusińska, Jakub Franke, Emil Głowacki, Agata Kuskowska, Adrianna Mróz, Oliwia Opacka, Oktawia Pięta, Anna Świderska, Karol Welc, Dominika Jaguś, Agnieszka Krauze, Maciej Jędrzejczyk

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 78, 236–239

Article | 01-April-2018

The Effect of Residual Stress on Coupling Power Loss of VCSEL Modulus

In this article,the effect of residual stress on active region misalignmentof laser light sources for vertical cavity surface emitting laser (VCSEL)modulus has been studied.The post-weld-shift variation of active region introduced from the residual stress distribution variation for different VCSELsolder joints, i.e. tin-silver (Sn/3.5Ag) and tin-lead (Sn/37Pb) solder joints,a resimulated by employing the thermal-elastic-plastic finite element model of MARC package.The ball grid solidification

Jao-Hwa Kuang, Chao-Ming Hsu, Ah-Der Lin, Jyun-Wei Luo

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls, Volume 1 , ISSUE 1, –

research-article | 30-November-2019

Ultrastructure of Hirschmanniella diversa early-stage infection in browning rhizomes of Indian lotus

nematodes was removed. At both 24 and 72 hr after inoculation, the number of nematodes invading the apices was much higher than at 4.5 hr after inoculation. Figure 2: Stereoscope micrograph of H. diversa Sher, 1968 invading the apex of a young lotus rhizome 4.5 hr after inoculation. Note that many nematodes remained at the apex of the rhizome even after the water agar was removed. Ne, nematode. Light microscopy We observed many invading nematodes in the epidermis and in a cavity where a few

Shigeru Uematsu, Tetsuo Yabu, Mitsuyoshi Yao, Takayuki Kurihara, Hironori Koga

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–9

Article | 09-April-2018

Design of Temperature Sensitive Structure for Micromechanical Silicon Resonant Accelerometer

sensitive to temperature changes but not sensitive to acceleration, and that it can reflects temperature change in the package cavity. Therefore, the temperature resonator can achieve accurate temperature measurement of accelerometer and can be used in temperature compensation.

Heng Li, Libin Huang, Qinqin Ran, Songli Wang

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls, Volume 2 , ISSUE 4, 56–60

Article | 30-November-2018

Rotation center calibration based on line laser rotating platform

Doudou Lei, Baolong Liu, Huimin Yao

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls, Volume 4 , ISSUE 1, 48–52

Original Paper | 25-September-2018

Incidence of intrauterine abnormalities in Pakistani women with unexplained infertility diagnosed via saline infusion sonography

group 30–34 years (n = 80, 39.6%) and in overweight patients (n = 95, 47%). The distribution of abnormalities differed significantly in various age groups (p = 0.009) and among women with different BMI (p = 0.029). Conclusions: A significant number of women with unexplained infertility present with unsuspected uterine abnormalities; therefore an assessment of the uterine cavity should be performed in all cases.

Rubina Izhar, Samia Husain, Suhaima Tahir, Sonia Husain

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 74, 186–192

original-paper | 28-June-2019

Gastric Microbiota Alteration in Klebsiella pneumoniae-Caused Liver Abscesses Mice


Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 68 , ISSUE 2, 247–254

Review | 24-February-2017

The value of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of varicocele

, it is necessary to exclude renal tumor and extend diagnostic ultrasound with the assessment of the abdominal cavity. The diagnosis of varicocele is based on medical history and physical examination, which involves palpation and observation of the scrotum at rest and during the Valsalva maneuver. Ultrasound is the imaging method of choice. The width and the number of vessels in the pampiniform plexus as well as the evaluation and measurement of regurgitation during the Valsalva maneuver are

Tomasz Lorenc, Leszek Krupniewski, Piotr Palczewski, Marek Gołębiowski

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 67, 359–370

Article | 04-December-2017

Morphological and Molecular Characteristics of Pratylenchus haiduongensis sp. n., a New Species of Root–Lesion Nematodes Associated with Carrot in Vietnam

region. Sometimes the appearances of oblique broken striaes divide the lateral field into five or six incisures. The ovary is distinct with one row of oocytes. Spermatheca is oval in shape with round central cavity, without sperm or reduced in some specimens. The postvuval uterine sac is long surpassing the vulva body diameter by 2 to 2.5 times (PUS = 31 to 65 mm). High vulva position with V = 66 to 75%. The tail shape can be subhemispherical with a smooth, slightly indented, broadly smooth, or cleft


Journal of Nematology, Volume 49 , ISSUE 3, 276–285

research-article | 28-September-2020

The ultrasound of subcutaneous extrapelvic endometriosis

Introduction The presence of ectopic functional endometrial glands and struma anywhere except in the lining of the uterine cavity is considered as endometriosis. The most common sites of endometriosis inside the pelvic cavity include the myometrium (adenomyosis), the ovaries, the uterine ligaments, and the pouch of Douglas. Extrapelvic endometriosis is seen involving the abdominal wall cesarean section (CS) scar, and rarely affects the perineum, umbilicus, pleura, kidneys, lungs, and liver(1

Ashraf Talaat Youssef

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 82, 176–180

Research Article | 15-February-2020

Polymer Optical Fibre Sensor for Measuring Breathing Rate of Lying Person

. Signals from respiration as well as postural movements of a person lying on the POF sensor allow measurements to be taken in an unobtrusive manner. Bending losses attenuating light transmission through the fibre were related to displacement of POF during respiration (expansion and contraction of the chest cavity displace the surface in contact with the upper torso – in this case the meandering arrangement of the fibre sensor located on a TREDAIRE substrate). Bending losses were converted to

Nabeel Ahmed, Patricia Scully, John Vaughan, Christine Brown Wilson, Krikor Ozanyan

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–6

Review | 29-June-2016

Mistakes in ultrasound examination of salivary glands

data as well as the lack of results of other examinations, their insufficient number or incorrectness. Doctor-related mistakes include: the lack of knowledge of normal anatomy, characteristics of ultrasound images in various salivary gland diseases and statistical incidence of diseases, but also attaching excessive importance to such statistical data. The complex anatomical structures of the floor of the oral cavity may be mistaken for benign or malignant tumors. Fragments of correct anatomical

Ewa J. Białek, Wiesław Jakubowski

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 65, 191–203

Review | 29-March-2016

Intra-abdominal fat. Part II: Non-cancerous lesions of the adipose tissue localized beyond organs

Adipose tissue does not belong to the most favorite structures to be visualized by ultrasound. It is not, however, free from various pathologies. The aim of this paper is to make abdominal cavity examiners more familiar with non-cancerous lesions found in intra-abdominal fat. The main focus is lesions that are rarely discussed in the literature. Visceral adiposity is one of important pathogenetic factors contributing to cardiovascular events, metabolic syndrome and even certain neoplasms. That

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk, Elżbieta Bernatowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 64, 32–43

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