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Research Article

Psychological Difficulties among Children and Adolescents with Ethnic Danish, Immigrant, and Refugee Backgrounds

This study investigated and compared the prevalence of psychological difficulties among Danish, immigrant, and refugee children.We enrolled 332 children between the ages of 8 and 18 years (148 Danish children, 81 immigrant children, and 67 children with refugee backgrounds), all from low-income areas of residence. The Health Behaviour in School-aged Children Symptoms Checklist, the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire, and the Revised Children’s Anxiety and Depression Scale were applied.We

Ingrid Leth, Janni Niclasen, Else Ryding, Yasmine Baroud, Barbara H. Esbjørn

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 29–37

Original Paper

An additional ultrasonographic sign of Hashimoto’s lymphocytic thyroiditis in children

Methods:A total of 98 children (mean age 12.7 years, range 7–17 years) were selected from the registry of the endocrinology outpatient department. All subjects met the diagnostic criteria for HLT. All children underwent a prospective thyroid ultrasound examination with special attention paid to the presence of lymph nodes adjacent to the thyroid gland. In order to form a control group, we analyzed 102 healthy volunteers and 94 children with cervical lymphadenopathy, age- and sex-matched with

Wojciech Kosiak, Maciej Piskunowicz, Dominik Świętoń, Tomasz Batko, Mariusz Kaszubowski

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 63, 349–357


Ultrasound image of the thyroid gland in obese children

Obesity as a disease of affl uence also affects younger children. Numerous observations suggest a link between excessive body weight and thyroid function disorders.Subclinical hypothyroidism has been diagnosed increasingly frequently in patients with obesity. A growing number of papers also point to morphological changes of the thyroidgland in the ultrasound examination in obese children. These reports mainly concern changes in echogenicity. The present paper discusses the most important

Józef Szczyrski, Wojciech Kosiak, Maria Korpal-Szczyrska, Małgorzata Myśliwiec

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 63, 423–428


Parental internalizing symptoms as predictors of anxiety symptoms in clinic-referred children

Introduction Anxiety disorders are prevalent among children and may have long-term negative impact on individuals’ personal, social, and academic functioning (1). Several factors may influence the development and maintenance of anxiety in children, including genetic, physiological, temperamental, parental, and family-context related risks (2-4). Increased knowledge about factors that influence the level of anxiety symptoms in children is needed to improve clinical practice, as well as to

Krister Westlye Fjermestad, Christina Lium, Einar R. Heiervang, Odd E. Havik, Bente Storm Mowatt Haugland, Ingvar Bjelland, Gro Janne Henningsen Wergeland

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , 18–24

Original Paper

Serum TSH level in obese children and its correlations with atherogenic lipid indicators and carotid intima media thickness

Abstract Objective: Moderately elevated level of thyroid-stimulating hormone accompanied by normal serum concentrations of free thyroxine, suggesting subclinical hypothyroidism, is the most common hormonal abnormality in obese children. Controversy remains, whether a thyroid dysfunction related to obesity has an influence on the cardiovascular risk factors. The aim of the study was to assess correlation between thyroid-stimulating hormone and free thyroxine and chosen atherogenic lipid

Małgorzata Rumińska, Ewelina Witkowska-Sędek, Anna Majcher, Michał Brzewski, Monika Krawczyk, Beata Pyrżak

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 75, 296–301


Validation of the Diagnostic Infant and Preschool Assessment in a Danish, trauma-exposed sample of young children

Introduction There is a need for validated, developmentally sensitive assessment instruments for preschool children. The Diagnostic Infant and Preschool Assessment (DIPA) (1) is a semi-structured caregiver interview that has been developed for this young age group. The interview covers a wide range of child symptomatology and disorders with empirically validated developmental modifications, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Our understanding of trauma exposure and trauma reactions

Sille Schandorph Løkkegaard, Mette Elmose, Ask Elklit

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , 39–51

Research Article

Clinical use of second-generation antipsychotics in children

existing follow-up recommendations and evidence for the metabolic adverse effects of SGAs in children, research evidence has not translated into clinical practice.Objective:The aim of this study was to assess the clinical use and follow-up practices of SGA medication among child psychiatric patients of one university hospital in Finland.Method:This retrospective patient report-based study was conducted at the Child Psychiatric Clinic of Tampere University Hospital, Finland. The study sample consisted

Kirsi Kakko, Leena Pihlakoski, Raili Salmelin, Päivi Keskinen, Kaija Puura, Tuula Tamminen

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 2, 77–88


Psychiatric morbidity in children and adolescents with dermatological disorders

secondary sexual characteristics start to develop, dermatological diseases may emerge concomitant with many psychiatric diseases, especially depression. While it is known that in children with dermatological disorders, information about the symptoms, triggers, and treatment is important, it has been shown that chronic dermatological disorders in particular can negatively affect the quality of life (6, 7). Dermatologists can play an important role in the management of psychocutaneous disorders because

Dilşad Yıldız Miniksar, Özlem Özel Özcan, Hülya Cenk, Yelda Kapıcıoğlu, Ayşegül Polat

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , 1–8

Original Paper

Genotyping and Clinicoepidemiological Characterization of Rotavirus Acute Gastroenteritis in Egyptian Children

Group A rotavirus (RVA) acute gastroenteritis (AGE) is a common cause of severe childhood diarrhea. The dominant circulating RVA genotypes in a given region may vary between and within the geographic regions and from year to year. Our cross-sectional study was designed to determine the burden of RVA genotypes among children with AGE admitted to referral Children Hospital at Egypt prior to implementation of the vaccine. Stool samples with clinico-epidemiological data were collected from 92

Niveen Saudy, Walaa Othman Elshabrawy, Ahmed Megahed, Mona F. Foad, Aly F. Mohamed

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 4, 433–442


Teachers’ beliefs and practices regarding young children´s leadership: A comparison between New Zealand and Honduras

Young children’s leadership is an under-researched area. This article reports how teachers of 4 and 5 year old children in New Zealand and Honduras conceptualise and encourage children’s leadership. Data were gathered through semi-structured interviews and observations of teaching practice. The findings suggest that there are differences between New Zealand and Honduran teachers' beliefs and practices regarding children’s leadership. While teachers in New Zealand settings

Maria Auxiliadora Cerrato, Kate Thornton, Maggie Haggerty

Journal of Educational Leadership, Policy and Practice , ISSUE 1, 57–69

Original Paper

3D/4D contrast-enhanced urosonography (ceVUS) in children – is it superior to the 2D technique?

Background: By now, two-dimensional contrast-enhanced voiding urosonography (ceVUS) has become a well-established method for the diagnosis and treatment monitoring of vesicoureteral reflux in children, particularly after the recent approval for this application in children in the USA and in Europe. The introduction of three-dimensional static (3D) and real-time (4D) techniques with ultrasound contrast agents opens up new diagnostic opportunities for this imaging modality. Objective: To analyze

Magdalena Maria Woźniak, Paweł Osemlak, Aikaterini Ntoulia, Halina Borzęcka, Beata Bieniaś, Agnieszka Brodzisz, Grzegorz Jędrzejewski, Anna Drelich-Zbroja, Maciej Powerski, Maciej Pech, Andrzej Paweł Wieczorek

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 73, 120–125


Towards a definition of multiple and complex needs in children and youth: Delphi study in Flanders and international survey

Introduction A growing number of children and youth experience ‘multiple and complex needs’ (MCN) as a reflection of severe difficulties in different life domains (1, 2). This includes intertwined physical and mental health problems, social exclusion, educational issues, and for some justice involvement (1, 2). The developmental impact of these problems puts their wellbeing and optimal integration into society at stake (3). This situation may lead to important societal costs due to extensive

Helena Van den Steene, Dirk van West, Inge Glazemakers

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , 60–67

Research Article

Impairment in Young Preschool Children with Symptoms of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Co-occurring Oppositional Defiant Disorder and Conduct Disorder

We have limited knowledge of the impact of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms on the daily functioning of young preschool children.This study investigated the level of impairment related to symptoms of ADHD in different functional domains. It also addressed how impairment caused by ADHD was related to ADHD subtype, symptom load, gender, and the co-occurrence of oppositional defiant disorder, conduct disorder, or both.Participating children (N = 807) who were 3.5 years old

Bothild Bendiksen, Heidi Aase, Elisabeth Svensson, Svein Friis, Anne Margrethe Myhre, Ted Reichborn-Kjennerud, Pål Zeiner

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 3, 95–105

Research Article

A Danish study of One-session Treatment for Specific Phobias in Children and Adolescents

One-session treatment (OST) is a short-term massed exposure therapy for the treatment of specific phobias in children and adults. Systematic reviews have demonstrated the effectiveness of the treatment for children and adolescents across countries and age groups.A single-group open trial design was used to examine the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of OST for youths with specific phobias in a Danish context.At the Anxiety Clinic of Aarhus University, 10 youths between the ages of 7 and 17

Mette Djernes Nielsen, Christina Linddahl Andreasen, Mikael Thastum

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 2, 65–76



The aim of this article is to show different types of design solutions for children swimming pool areas. The research material was developed based on the literature studies and quality research of existing water parks located in Poland. For the purposes of the article a preliminary studies of 31 major facilities were made. Second, three representative examples to study in detail were selected. Next observational studies of user behavior and usage were conducted. At the end the specified methods

Katarzyna KIELAR

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 3, 5–12



hospital. The authors of the paper describe the urbanistic and architectural features as well as some elements of interior design, which have been adjusted to the perceptual and physical abilities of children. Some features of good design have also been distinguished, which can be applied also in the low-cost redecoration of the already existing hospitals. Thie aim of the article is to show a variety of possibilities in child hospital design. The article also shows that a hospital can be place which is

Magdalena Jamrozik-Szatanek, Łukasz Jamrozik-Szatanek

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 1, 11–20

Research Article

The Forgotten Children

This article provides a description of the author’s learning journey as she makes the commitment to provide for gifted children at the early childhood education service in which she works. The author examines research which highlights the reasons for identifying young gifted children. She includes issues that teachers may be experiencing which impact on the identification of gifted young children not being included in daily practice. Possible solutions are given as suggestions to overcome

Lynette Radue

Apex , ISSUE 1, 45–55

Research Article

Children’s coping styles and trauma symptoms after an explosion disaster

Background:The negative impact of trauma on children and adolescents is well documented. However, few studies have investigated the relationship between coping and trauma and distress symptoms after man-made disasters, especially those not related to war.Objective:This study investigated the relationship between children’s coping styles and their self-reported levels of trauma and distress symptoms after an explosion disaster in a residential area.Method:Participants were recruited through the

Mette Elmose, Christina Duch, Ask Elklit

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 3, 132–140

Original Paper

The quality of life of children with epilepsy in Poland – the opinion of children and their parents

Background. Every chronic illness, including epilepsy, has a negative effect on both the quality of life of the sufferer as well as on their relationship with their surroundings. Aims. To investigate the quality of life of children suffering from epilepsy and analyse how they assessed and scored their experiences compared to their parents. Materials and methods. The study included 209 children with epilepsy and their parents. The research tool was a questionnaire for gathering demographic and

Dorota Talarska, Michał Michalak, Patrycja Talarska

Journal of Epileptology , ISSUE 2, 105–113


A case of incidental infantile gallbladder adenomyomatosis: an unusual US finding of uncertain clinical significance

gallbladder ADM have so far been reported in the literature(9–11), in children ranging from 4 months to 11 years of age. The main complaint in those patients was nonspecific abdominal pain, and US was the first-line examination performed in all children, leading to the diagnosis of ADM. Six patients were treated surgically with cholecystectomy, whereas only one patient was treated conservatively with followup examinations, as ADM was an incidental finding in an otherwise asymptomatic infant. This patient

Elena Drakonaki, Stamatios Kokkinakis, Ioannis Karageorgiou, Neofytos Maliotis, Anna Ioannidoy, Emmanouil K. Symvoulakis

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 83, 318–321

Research paper


This paper presents progress on treating children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) using Augmented Reality based games. The aim of these games is to enhance social interaction and hand-eye coordination in children with ASD thus easing them into becoming more comfortable around unfamiliar people. Colour detection and tracking and motion tracking concepts in augmented reality have been used to develop games for young children with ASD. The idea is that these games will encourage concentration

S.K. Bhatt, N.I. De Leon, Adel Al-Jumaily

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 519–536

Original Paper

Bacterial Microbiota and Fatty Acids in the Faeces of Overweight and Obese Children

The growing number of children with overweight and obesity constitutes a major health problem of the modern world and it has been suggested that intestinal microbiota may influence energy intake from food. The objectives of this study were to determine quantity and proportions of dominant genera of Bacteroides, Prevotella (phylum Bacteroidetes); Clostridium, Lactobacillus (phylum Firmicutes) and Bifidobacterium (phylum Actinobacteria) in the intestines and to determine the content of short


Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 339–345


Temporal spatial parameters analysis of the gait in children with vision impairment

This study compared the linear parameters between children who are blind and children with low vision. Six children who are blind and five children with low vision, aged between five and seven years (mean = 5.9 years old) were analysed by three-dimensional gait analysis and linear parameters of gait: velocity, cadence, stride length, and step width from 12 gait cycles. The comparison of the numerical variable was made using the Mann-Whitney Test. The only significant difference was found in

Andréia Naomi Sankako, Paulista Marília, Paulo Roberto Garcia Lucareli, Sebastião Marcos Ribeiro de Carvalho, Lígia Maria Presumido Braccialli

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 90–100

Research Article

Asessment for Learning with Young Gifted Children

This paper argues that assessment practices used by teachers in schools and early childhood services, including narrative approaches, provide accessible, authentic, low-cost, and easily administered assessment. Assessment for learning embeds assessment within teaching and learning and supports teachers to work in collaboration with parents and children to deepen understanding of children’s strengths and interests, and to support relationships. Further, assessment for learning provides an

Valerie Margrain

Apex , ISSUE 1, 37–48

Review Article

Mistakes in the ultrasound diagnostics of the abdominal cavity in pediatrics

The diagnostics of the abdominal cavity in children, especially in the neonatal-infantile period, requires knowledge in the field of anatomical and physiopathological differences as well as clinical symptomatology and pathology at every stage of the child’s development. Errors and mistakes in ultrasound diagnostics of the abdominal cavity in children result from many factors, including lack of experience in examining children and the knowledge concerning most frequent ailments and pathologies

Agnieszka Brodzisz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 68, 66–72

Research Article

The impact of welfare to work on parents and their children

When Welfare to Work activities for single parents were first introduced in the 2005 Commonwealth Budget, the primary claim was that these measures would increase individual wellbeing. A decade on, the veracity of this claim has yet to be comprehensively assessed. In this article, we systematically review the 41 Australian studies of income support recipients who were the primary carers of children, to examine the impacts of welfare-to-work on child and parent wellbeing. In line with the themes

Michelle Brady, Kay Cook

Evidence Base , ISSUE 3, 1–23

Review Article

Current standards in abdominal cavity ultrasound examination in children

Technological progress forces us to present after several years the updated standards in ultrasound examination of newborns, infants and older children. It should be emphasized that the examination of the youngest patients requires one to use high-class equipment. Lack of cooperation on the part of the child and imaging small structures constitute a huge challenge for the examiner. The work presents equipment requirements, the technology of examining the abdominal cavity in children and the

Michał Brzewski

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 68, 41–42

Research Article

Education of Gifted Young Children: Contingency of Views on First-hand Experience and Conception of Giftedness

) was used to test the statistical significance of seven hypothesised associations. Analysis showed that current or past experience of caring for a gifted child was related to a differential view of giftedness, i.e. the view that gifted children can be differentiated from others as being significantly more advanced, above the norm, or among the very top percentile in some aspects. The finding was of statistical significance (p = .018). Analysis found no statistical significance for experience of

Valerie Margrain, S. Lee, S.E. Farquhar

Apex , ISSUE 1, 25–37

Research Article

Emotion recognition from the eye region in children with and without Autism Spectrum Disorder in Arab and Scandinavian countries

Background:Difficulties in facial emotion recognition (ER) skills are linked to autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in studies performed in Western and Eastern Asian countries. However, there is a paucity of research examining ER skills in Arab countries, where face-covering veils are more common than in Western countries.Objective:Our aim was to examine basic ER and ER error patterns in Egyptian and Finnish children with and without ASD.Method:We employed the eye-submodule of the Frankfurt Test and

Sanna Kuusikko-Gauffin, Sherin Elsheikh, Sven Bölte, Manal Omar, Geylan Riad, Hanna Ebeling, Arja Rautio, Irma Moilanen

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 4, 159–169

Research Article

Changes in the frequency and characteristics of children diagnosed with autistic disorder in two Norwegian cohorts: 1992 and 2009

Background:Is the increasing prevalence of autistic disorder (AD) a well-documented trend or merely a reflection of the wider recognition of AD among both the public at large and health care professionals? Data from relevant studies are frequently compromised by comparisons of different sites and different diagnostic methods.Objectives:To explore changes over time, we reviewed the following: 1) the frequency of AD diagnoses; 2) the characteristics of the diagnosed children; and 3) the ages of

Sidsel Romhus, Gyro Aas Herder, Elisabeth Grindheim, Synnve Schjølberg, Patricia Howlin

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 3–12

Original Paper

Value of ultrasonography in assessment of recent injury of anterior talofi bular ligament in children

Introduction: Sprained ankle is a very common injury in children. Proper treatment of ligament injuries enables full recovery. X-ray and US examinations are commonly available diagnostic methods. Material and methods: Two hundred and six children (113 girls and 93 boys, mean age 10.6) with recent ankle joint sprain (up to 7 days of injury) were subject to a retrospective analysis. All patients underwent an X-ray and US examination of the ankle joint within 7 days of

Joanna Szczepaniak, Beata Ciszkowska-Łysoń, Robert Śmigielski, Urszula Zdanowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 62, 259–266

Original Paper

Grayscale ultrasound characteristics of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease severity – an adult and pediatric cohort study

methods: The study group consisted of 81 patients diagnosed with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease, 35 adults and 46 children. Inclusion criterion for adults was the presence of at least 10 large cysts in each kidney; children included into the study had developed at least 1 large renal cyst in each kidney. The number of large cysts, echogenicity of kidney parenchyma, cortical thickness and presentation of cortex/medulla boundary were assessed with the use of Logiq E9 apparatus (GE

Marcin Strzelczyk, Michał Podgórski, Susan Afshari, Marcin Tkaczyk, Monika Pawlak-Bratkowska, Piotr Grzelak

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 69, 85–90

Original Paper

Comparison of lung ultrasound and chest X-ray findings in children with bronchiolitis

findings in children with bronchiolitis. Material and methods: In our study we retrospectively compared diagnostic imaging findings in children with confirmed respiratory syncytial virus infection. The study included 23 children aged 2 weeks to 24 months and 3 children older than 24 months. Results: Chest X-ray showed lesions in only 4 cases, whereas ultrasound abnormalities were found in 21 patients. Pathologies revealed by chest X-ray were the same for all 4 cases and consisted of an enlarged hilus

Sławomir Jaszczołt, Tomasz Polewczyk, Marta Dołęga-Kozierowska, Mariusz Woźniak, Zbigniew Doniec

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 74, 193–197

Research Article

Participation profiles and the barriers and facilitators that impact on participation of children with Autism Spectrum Disorders living in regional and remote Western Australia

Background: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a heterogeneous condition, influencing participation in activity and occupation. Approximately, 1% of Australian children have an ASD diagnosis, with many of these families living in remote and regional areas. Given the environments role in facilitating or hindering participation, there is a need to understand how geographical location impacts the participation profiles of children with ASD. Objective: This study aims to describe the participation

Shani Mattinson, Marita Falkmer, Melissa H Black, Sonya Girdler

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 4, 170–182

Short Communication

KPC-2-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae ST11 in a Children’s Hospital in Poland

Four Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates from children hospitalized over 10 months in an intensive care unit in a children’s teaching hospital in Poland were analyzed. All of the isolates belonged to a single pulsotype and sequence type (ST) 11, and produced the KPC-2 carbapenemase and extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) CTX-M-15. They were resistant to a variety of antimicrobials, and their β-lactam resistance patterns were typical for KPC producers. This is one of few cases of

Monika Machulska, Anna Baraniak, Iwona Żak, Katarzyna Bojarska, Dorota Żabicka, Iwona Sowa-Sierant, Waleria Hryniewicz, Marek Gniadkowski

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 401–404

Research Article

How Prevalent Are Autistic Traits Among Children With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder? A Qualitative Review of the Literature

to examine the current body of knowledge regarding the prevalence of autistic traits (operationalized as the presence of autistic symptoms in the absence of a diagnosis of ASD) among children with ADHD and the associated morbidity of such traits.A systematic literature search in PubMed was conducted to discover all controlled studies published in the English language that systematically assessed the presence of autistic traits in children with ADHD who did not meet the criteria for ASDs. Three

Mai Uchida, Stephen V. Faraone, Gagan Joshi, Andrea Spencer, Tara Kenworthy, K. Yvonne Woodworth, Joseph Biederman

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 33–40

Research Article

“If you talk, you are just talking. If I talk is that bragging?” Perspectives of Parents with Young Gifted Children in New Zealand.

This phenomenological study (Chellapan, 2012) investigates the perceptions and experiences of four sets of New Zealand parents with children identified as intellectually gifted based upon an IQ testing. The voices of parents with young gifted children have been missing from academic literature in New Zealand. Using a qualitative phenomenology approach, four sets of parents with a young intellectually gifted child were interviewed about their parenting experiences. In-depth interviews provided a

Lakshmi Chellapan, Valerie Margrain

Apex , ISSUE 1, 10–24

Short Communication

Serotype-Specific Pneumococcal Status prior to PCV 13 Administration in Children and Adolescents with Inflammatory Bowel Disease

The aim of this study was to evaluate the serotype-specific pneumococcal status of children and adolescents with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) who were naïve to pneumococcal vaccination before administering the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV 13). This was an open, prospective study on children and adolescents aged 5–18 years who had IBD and were naïve to pneumococcal vac­cination. A single dose of PCV 13 was administered to each patient. The geometric mean

Aleksandra Banaszkiewicz, Brygida Targońska, Kinga Kowalska-Duplaga, Katarzyna Karolewska-Bochenek, Agnieszka Sieczkowska, Agnieszka Gawrońska, Urszula Grzybowska-Chlebowczyk, Elżbieta Krzesiek, Izabella Łazowska-Przeorek, Maria Kotowska, Edyta Sienkiewicz, Jarosław Walkowiak, Hanna Gregorek, Andrzej Radzikowski, Piotr Albrecht

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 89–91


Feasibility of Orientation and Mobility Services for Young Children with Vision Impairment using Teleintervention

The demand for orientation and mobility (O&M) training for very young children with blindness or vision impairment (B/VI) and their families is increasing in the Early Intervention (EI) period. However, the extreme shortage of qualified O&M specialists to work with this population may be limiting their access to appropriate services. This study used a needs assessment survey to collect information about the feasibility of providing O&M services in EI using the alternative service

Hong Phangia Dewald, M.A., COMS, Catherine A. Smyth, M.S. (Ed.), TSVI, ECE Specialist

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 83–92

Original Paper

Perihepatic lymphadenopathy in children with chronic viral hepatitis

Objective. To assess whether lymph node enlargement in the hepatoduodenal ligament occurs in children with chronic viral hepatitis B and C in comparison to healthy controls.Subject and methods. In 49 patients with chronic viral hepatitis (38 with chronic hepatitis B, 11 with chronic hepatitis C, 31 male, 18 female; age range 1 to 17 years),and in 51 healthy controls (25 male, 26 female; age range 4 to 16 years), the total perihepatic lymph node volume was assessed using transabdominal

Dagmar Schreiber-Dietrich, Margret Pohl, Xin-Wu Cui, Barbara Braden, Christoph F. Dietrich, Liliana Chiorean

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 61, 137–150

Case report

Treatment efficacy of narrative family therapy for children and adolescents with diverse psychiatric symptomatology

Background:Little research has been undertaken on children and adolescents with psychiatric co-morbidity and this group is seldom subject to evidence-based treatment. Equally, there has been little research on creating an evidence base for Narrative Therapy, which means that narrative family therapy (NFT) is seldom available to children and adolescents with a psychiatric disorder.Objective:A single group clinical design was used to examine the efficacy of NFT for children and adolescents with

Nina Tejs Jørring, Karsten Gjessing Jensen

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 2, 107–114

Research Article

The relationship between splenic length in healthy children from the Eastern Anatolia Region and sex, age, body height and weight

PurposesThe normal limits of spleen size must be known in order for pathological changes to be noticed. The aim of this retrospective study is to determine the normal limits of spleen size in healthy children and to reveal their relation to sex, age, body height and weight.Patients and methodsThree hundred and ten children (150 girls and 160 boys) between 0–16 years of age in Eastern Anatolia Region who had normal spleen ultrasound appearances were included in this study. The greatest

Mete Özdikici

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 72, 5–8

Research Communicate


It is interesting to compare maintenance costs of children between countries with similar yet different family policy regimes because this could yield valuable lessons for researchers and policy-makers and also for the sake of methodological development. In this study, we aim to conduct a comparative analysis of the equivalence scales in Austria, Italy, Poland and France taking into account the age of children. To this end, we use data from the European Income and Living Condition (EU-SILC) to

Małgorzata Kalbarczyk2,, Agata Miazga3,, Anna Nicińska4

Statistics in Transition New Series , ISSUE 4, 687–699

Research Article

The Early Diagnosis of Preschool Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder in Norway: a Study of Diagnostic Age and Its Associated Factors

The early identification of autism spectrum disorder is important to ensure access to early intervention. Much research has focused on the identification of early behavioral symptoms and screening. This study examines referral for diagnostic assessment, diagnostic age, and factors associated with diagnostic age for children with autism spectrum disorder. The results of this study indicate that children are referred and diagnosed later than they should be. Previous research has identified a

Kenneth Larsen

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 2, 136–145


Imaging in dermatomyositis in adults and children

), dermatomyositis (DM), amyopathic dermatomyositis, juvenile dermatomyositis (jDM), and juvenile myositis other than jDM(2). DM, PM and jDM also belong to the group of rheumatic connective tissue diseases (Tab. 1). Each of them may additionally coexist with another connective tissue disease, most commonly with scleroderma and systemic lupus erythematosus, and less commonly with rheumatoid arthritis or, in children, with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). In this situation, the term overlap syndrome is used

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Thibaut Jacques, Piotr Gietka, Anne Cotten

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 80, 36–42


The efficacy of manualized Cognitive Behavior Therapy conducted by student-therapists treating Danish youths with anxiety using a benchmark comparison

Introduction Anxiety disorders are some of the most common psychiatric disorders among children and adolescents (hereafter referred to as youths) (1,2). In an epidemiological meta-analysis, the prevalence for any anxiety disorder was found to be 12.3% among children (age 6-12 years old) and 11.0% for adolescents (age 13-18 years old) (1). In Denmark, the yearly number of youths diagnosed with depression or an anxiety disorder has tripled from 2006 to 2016 (3). Although many anxiety disorders

Daniel Bach Johnsen, Kristian Arendt, Mikael Thastum

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , 68–80

Research Article

The Education of Gifted Children in the Early Years: A First Survey of Views, Teaching Practices, Resourcing and Administration Issues

This paper reports the findings of a survey of views on the early education of gifted children in New Zealand and identifies where challenges for professional support, resourcing, and educational administration might lie. The 125 respondents represented a range of roles connected in some way with education and most (71%) also had first-hand experience of caring for or teaching a gifted child. Various views on how giftedness should be defined were expressed, indicating that no agreement on a

Valerie Margrain, Sarah Farquhar

Apex , ISSUE 1, 47–59

Research Article

Further evidence of high level of persistence of pediatric bipolar-I disorder from childhood onto young adulthood: a five-year follow up

Background:Pediatric bipolar (BP)-I disorder affects a sizeable minority of children and is associated with high levels of morbidity. Relatively few studies have assessed the persistence of the disorder over time.Objective:The main aim of this study was to extend our findings from our 4-year follow-up study examining rates of persistence of pediatric BP-I disorder onto late adolescent years and young adulthood 5 years after our original study.Methods:We conducted a 1-year extension to our

Janet Wozniak, Rebecca Wolenski, Maura Fitzgerald, Stephen V. Faraone, Gagan Joshi, Mai Uchida, Joseph Biederman

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 40–51

Short Communication

Sero-epidemiology and Risk Factor Analysis of Measles Among Children in Pakistan

Comparative cross sectional study was conducted on blood samples (n = 231) collected from children of 1 to 10 years of age in Punjab Pakistan through convenient sampling method. Indirect haemagglutination assay (IHA) was standardized and used for serodiagnosis and evaluation of humoral immunity against measles. Associated risk factors including age, gender, locale, and vaccination status were analyzed. Geometric mean titre (GMT) of vaccinated individuals was significantly higher (p < 0.001


Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 227–231

Short Communication

Qualitative and Quantitative Characteristics of Selected Bacterial Groups in Children with Inflammatory Bowel Diseases

The aim of the study was evaluation of qualitative and quantitative changes in bacterial ecosystem in 109 children with inflammatory bowel diseases. Stools obtained from patients were analysed for selected bacteria and concentration of faecal inflammatory markers (calprotectin, lactoferrin, M2-PK). The number of selected microorganisms depends on the level of clinical activity of disease and is correlated with faecal concentration of inflammatory markers. Differences in microflora disturbance

Dorota Roszak, Mirosława Gałęcka, Wojciech Cichy, Patrycja Szachta

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 219–224


Burden sharing in families to children, adolescents and young adults with ADHD: Analysis of ADHD Helpline in Swedish Clinical Services

Introduction Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterised by profound difficulties involving inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity (1). ADHD is one of the most common child psychiatric disorders with an overall pooled prevalence estimate around 5% among children and 2.8% among adults (2). The clinical presentation of ADHD is often further complicated by the presence of co-existing additional neurodevelopmental and psychiatric disorders

Elina Renhorn, Carl Nytell, Anna Backman, Camilla Ekstrand, Tatja Hirvikoski

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , 88–91


Directed blood donor program decreases donor exposure for children with sickle cell disease requiring chronic transfusion

In children with sickle cell disease (SCD), primary and secondary prevention of strokes require indefinite regular blood transfusion therapy. The risks associated with repeated transfusions include alloimmunization and increased donor exposure. The Charles Drew Program is a directed blood donor program designed to lower donor exposure, decreasing the associated complications of transfusion; however, no evidence exists demonstrating the magnitude of the benefit to the recipient. Further, the use

Dionna O. Roberts, Brittany Covert, Terianne Lindsey, Vincent Edwards, Lisa McLaughlin, John Theus, Ricardo J. Wray, Keri Jupka, David Baker, Mary Robbins, Michael R. DeBaun

Immunohematology , ISSUE 1, 7–12

Original Paper

Ultrasound image of malignant bone tumors in children. An analysis of nine patients diagnosed in 2011–2016

Introduction: The diagnostic process of bone tumors, including malignant ones, is based on conventional radiological methods, such as radiography and computed tomography, and with precise assessment of local advancement in magnetic resonance imaging. Ultrasonography is not included in the diagnostic algorithms as a tool suitable to detect this type of pathology. More and more frequent usage of musculoskeletal ultrasound in children as the first imaging method or, in some cases, as the only

Tomasz Madej, Joanna Flak-Nurzyńska, Ewa Dutkiewicz, Anna Ciechomska, Jerzy Kowalczyk, Andrzej Paweł Wieczorek

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 73, 103–111


Primary immune response to blood group antigens in burned children

changes could not be demonstrated for the remaining eight patients. The conclusion was that a DHTR may be caused by a primary immune response in burned children more often than expected, but DHTR signs and symptoms are often not apparent due to the complications of burn trauma.

Nancy E. Bacon, Ethel D. Patten, Janet L. Vincent

Immunohematology , ISSUE 1, 8–11

Research Article

Long-term outcome of children with autism who received different forms of early intervention during their preschool years: a pilot study of 15 young adults

Background:Studies on early intervention have reported significant gains for many children with autism. Knowledge on how these children fare in adulthood is limited.Objective:To examine long-term outcome of children with autism who received different forms of early intervention.Method:Participants were 15 young people who had all been diagnosed with ICD-10 childhood autism during the preschool years. Five received intervention based on the UCLA model for early intensive behavioral intervention

Sigrídur Lóa Jónsdóttir, Birta Brynjarsdóttir, Evald Saemundsen, Jón Fridrik Sigurdsson

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 28–39


“The big wide world of school”: Supporting children on the autism spectrum to successfully transition to primary school: Perspectives from parents and early intervention professionals

Introduction Commencing primary school is the first major educational transition in a child’s young life (1), and a critical period where appropriate supports can have a meaningful impact on short and long term academic, social and mental health outcomes (2-5). Whilst typically seen as a positive experience, educational transitions can present significant challenges for children, as well as their families and teachers (6). Transition to school is invariably accompanied by the loss of existing

Nigel Chen, Scott Miller, Ben Milbourn, Melissa H. Black, Kathryn Fordyce, Gerdamari Van Der Watt, Tasha Alach, Anne Masi, Grace Frost, Madonna Tucker, Valsamma Eapen, Sonya Girdler

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , 91–100


Sound-Separation System using Spherical Microphone Array with Three-Dimensional Directivity—KIKIWAKE 3D: Language Game for Children

Mixed sounds can be separated from multiple sound sources using microphone array sensor and signal processing. We believe that promotion of interest in this technique can lead to significant future development in science and technology. To investigate this technique, we designed a language game for children called “KIKIWAKE 3D” that uses a sound-source-separation system to arouse children’s interest in this technology. However, the microphone array sensor in a previous research had a limited

Takahiro Nakadai, Tomohiro Nakayama, Tomoki Taguchi, Ryohei Egusa, Miki Namatame

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 1908–1921

Research Article

An exploration of the experience of parents with children with autism spectrum disorder after diagnosis and intervention

Delays and difficulties in both diagnosis and access to services can compound existing stressors experienced by families with children with autism spectrum disorder. Early and accurate diagnosis and appropriate intervention may not only improve child-specific outcomes but may also mitigate some of the stressors impacting family relationships and quality of life. We aimed to understand the experience of over 500 families that had sought autism spectrum disorder diagnosis and intervention, their

Ben Milbourn, Marita Falkmer, Melissa H. Black, Sonya Girdler, Torbjorn Falkmer, Chiara Horlin

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 3, 104–110

Research Article

Cross-Cultural Adaptation of the KONTAKT Social Skills Group Training Program for Children and Adolescents with high-functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder: A feasibility Study

Social skills group training is an intervention method that has demonstrated moderate evidence of improvement among children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). KONTAKT is a manualized social skills group training program that was developed in Germany and that has demonstrated preliminary evidence of positive effect. In this study, we describe its adaptation to Scandinavian settings.The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical feasibility of the Swedish version of KONTAKT

Nora Choque Olsson, Agneta Karlsson, Sofia Andersson, Annie Boström, Mari Ljungström, Sven Bölte

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 2, 46–54

Research Article


households with a disabled child, mainly in the context of poverty, and compare it to the financial situation of households with non-disabled children. The study is based on data from Polish Household Budget Survey, covering two years, 2014 and 2016. The study revealed that families with a disabled child are generally poorer than families with non-disabled children. The financial situation improved over the studied period in both types of families, but the improvement in the families with a disabled

Olga Komorowska, Arkadiusz Kozłowski, Teresa Słaby

Statistics in Transition New Series , ISSUE 3, 97–117


Hallucinations and other psychotic symptoms in response to methylphenidate in children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a Cochrane systematic review with meta-analysis and trial sequential analysis#

Background:There is little evidence in the literature on the association between methylphenidate treatment and psychotic symptoms in children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).Objective:We examine the occurrence of psychotic symptoms during methylphenidate treatment of children and adolescents with ADHD. The data arise from our two Cochrane systematic reviews on methylphenidate, reported elsewhere.Methods:Electronic databases were searched up to January 2016

Erica Ramstad, Ole Jakob Storebø, Trine Gerner, Helle B. Krogh, Mathilde Holmskov, Frederik L. Magnusson, Carlos R. Moreira-Maia, Maria Skoog, Camilla Groth, Donna Gillies, Morris Zwi, Richard Kirubakaran, Christian Gluud, Erik Simonsen

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 52–71


The Development of an Application that supports Body Awareness for Children with Visual Impairments and Additional Disabilities

Body awareness and spatial concepts are aspects of orientation and mobility (O&M) that are usually learned incidentally by typically developing children as they interact with their environments. However, children who are blind miss out on these developmental aspects unless timely intervention is provided. Golledge (1993) observed that the ability to travel independently and interact with the wider world is one of the greatest challenges for people with visual impairments (VIs). Similarly, Bruce

Vicki Depountis, Phoebe Okungu, Della Molloy-Daugherty

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 1–8

Research Article

A multicenter, randomized, controlled study of Training Executive, Attention, and Motor Skills (TEAMS) in Danish preschool children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: Rationale and description of the intervention and study protocol

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a highly prevalent neurodevelopmental disorder that is often detected during the preschool years. Neuroimaging data indicate that children with ADHD have brains that are characterized by growth and functional anomalies. Data suggest that the diminution of ADHD symptoms is correlated with improved neural functioning and growth. On the basis of these findings, interventions that target neural growth, which indicates neural development, can

Helle Annette Vibholm, Jesper Pedersen, Anne Holm, Søren Krue

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 2–10


Non-invasive diagnosis of aortic arch anomalies in children – 15 years of own experience

. Furthermore, there are clinical situations where different, initially asymptomatic courses of the aortic arch may significantly hamper surgical treatment, e.g. congenital esophageal or upper respiratory defects. It is natural that patients reporting to an echocardiographic laboratory in a multidisciplinary pediatric teaching hospital with departments of neonatal pathology, pulmonology and gastroenterology include children suspected of vascular abnormalities requiring thorough diagnosis. Patients from

Wojciech Mądry, Maciej Aleksander Karolczak, Marcin Myszkowski, Ewa Zacharska-Kokot

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 76, 5–8

Research Article

Class size and academic results, with a focus on children from culturally, linguistically and economically disenfranchised communities

student achievement, especially for children from culturally, linguistically and economically disenfranchised communities. This is particularly true when smaller classes are combined with appropriate teacher pedagogies suited to reduced student numbers. Suggested policy recommendations involve targeted funding for specific lessons and schools, combined with professional development of teachers. These measures may help to address the inequality of schooling and ameliorate the damage done by poverty

David Zyngier

Evidence Base , ISSUE 1, 1–24

Research Article

Nonverbal Reasoning in Preschool Children: Investigating the Putative Risk of Secondhand Smoke Exposure and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder as a Mediator

Exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) has been found to be associated with cognitive deficits in children. However, relatively little is known about the relationship between SHS exposure, cognitive deficits, and smoking-related psychopathology, specifically attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and externalizing disorders such as conduct disorder (CD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) in preschool children.Children (n = 54) between the ages of 4 and 6 years from a comprehensive

Duneesha De Alwis, Mini Tandon, Rebecca Tillman, Joan Luby

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 2, 115–125

Original Paper

Comparison of PCR, Fluorescent in Situ Hybridization and Blood Cultures for Detection of Bacteremia in Children and Adolescents During Antibiotic Therapy

Abstract The gold standard in microbiological diagnostics of bacteremia is a blood culture in automated systems. This method may take several days and has low sensitivity. New screening methods that could quickly reveal the presence of bacteria would be extremely useful. The objective of this study was to estimate the effectiveness of these methods with respect to blood cultures in the context of antibiotic therapy. Blood samples from 92 children with sepsis were analyzed. Blood cultures were


Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 4, 479–486

Research Article

Primary Teachers’ Perceptions of the Social and Emotional Aspects of Gifted and Talented Education

This study investigated teacher attitudes and experiences and understandings of the social and emotional characteristics and needs of gifted and talented children. It addressed the issues within Aotearoa New Zealand Primary school settings. The study used a mixed methodology approach. Data was collected in the form of questionnaires and semi-structured interviews. The findings suggest that many teachers are uncertain about the social and emotional characteristics and needs of gifted and

Vicki Needham

Apex , ISSUE 1, 18–35

Research Article

Walking the Talk to Musical Creativity

The Music Heartland Project was a holistic programme of learning for musically gifted children which I directed from 2003 to 2005. It provided a unique opportunity to evaluate the effects of teaching musical creativity in group formats. The children’s musical production provided evidence of the qualities and inventiveness that primary aged children could achieve given sustained and repeated experiences. The findings support current literature in terms of what are favourable conditions for

Errol Moore

Apex , ISSUE 1, 4–16


The usefulness of respiratory ultrasound assessment for modifying the physiotherapeutic algorithm in children after congenital heart defect surgeries

respiratory tract due to its availability, non-invasiveness, and the possibility of multiple repetitions. Aim The aim of the study was to assess the effectiveness and the possible use of diagnostic transthoracic ultrasound of the respiratory tract to qualify patients for therapy and to monitor the effectiveness of physiotherapy in children after cardiac surgeries. Materials and methods A total of 103 patients after a series of congenital heart surgeries using cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in the

Marcin Myszkowski

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 76, 17–23

Research Article

Familiality of Quantitative Autism Traits

Autistic traits exist along a continuum that extends into social functioning in the general population, and they aggregate in the family members of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Quantitative measures are therefore essential when investigating the patterns of familiality of these traits. Prior studies have suggested differential inheritance patterns of autistic traits that depend on the cognitive level of the child with ASD as well as the family type.Our goal was to examine the

Katja Jussila, Kristen Lyall, Sanna Kuusikko-Gauffin, Marja-Leena Mattila, Rachel Pollock-Wurman, Tuula Hurtig, Leena Joskitt, Risto Bloigu, Hanna Ebeling, Irma Moilanen, David Pauls

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 2, 126–135


What children and young people learn about ADHD from youth information books: A text analysis of nine books on ADHD available in Dutch

Introduction Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is defined by the 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual as developmentally inappropriate inattention and impulsivity with or without hyperactivity (1). In the US 2.2 million school-age children, aged 6-11 (amounting to 8.9 percent of this age group) have a current diagnosis of ADHD. Two-thirds of these children are prescribed medication (2). In the Netherlands, it is unknown how many children are diagnosed with ADHD

Laura Batstra, Linda Foget, Caroline van Haeringen, Sanne te Meerman, Ernst Daniël Thoutenhoofd

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , 1–9

Research Article

Child self-report and parent ratings for the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire: Norms and agreement in a Swedish random population sample

Background:The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) measures behavioral problems among children and adolescents. Prior research in Sweden has included child self-report or parent ratings from community or population data.Objective:To provide child-reported and parent-rated SDQ norms for 11- to 16-year-olds, as well as data on child–parent agreement and parental sociodemographic correlates: education, employment status, and quality of life.Method:A random population sample with 600

Bojing Liu, Karin Engström, Isabel Jadbäck, Sara Ullman, Anne H. Berman

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 13–27

Research Article

Continuity between Stressful Experiences and Delusion Content in Adolescents with Psychotic Disorders – A Pilot Study

Gennaro Catone, Simone Pisano, Matthew Broome, Juliana Fortes Lindau, Antonio Pascotto, Antonella Gritti

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 14–22


Dependence of Colonization of the Large Intestine by Candida on the Treatment of Crohn’s Disease

into two study groups. The study protocol was approved by Jagiellonian University Ethics Committee – the decision no. 122.6120.68.2015. The informed consent was signed by patients’ parents or legal guardians and by patients themselves if above 16 years of age. Group 1 consisted of newly diagnosed children, who received EEN for the induction of remission. In this group, we collected two stool samples: the first one (N1) before any therapeutic intervention and the second (N2) 2 to 4 weeks after


Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 121–126


Early Intervention Orientation and Mobility: A Western Australian Perspective

Early intervention Orientation & Mobility (O&M) training is a key component of the Western Australian Department of Education’s Vision Education Service. Children who are blind or have vision impairments are introduced to O&M skills, including the long cane, as soon as they are able to walk. A description of the service is provided, with some basic concepts and ideas for O&M specialists working with very young children. A key factor in the success of this program is

Bronwen Scott, Grad. Cert. Vision Impairment (O&M)

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 70–72


The Resurgence of Measles Infection and its Associated Complications in Early Childhood at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Peshawar, Pakistan

morbidity and mortality worldwide among children, even though there is a safe and effective live attenuated viral vaccine (Wolfson et al. 2009). In 2010, there were about 20 million measles infections reported with 0.14 million deaths (Simons et al. 2012). The death toll surged to approximately 0.16 million in 2011, with 95% of deaths reported from developing countries (WHO 2013). Presently, 45 million new measles cases were recorded, with one million deaths per year (Li et al. 2015). In 2011, measles


Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 177–184


Evaluating the Validity of Texas 2 STEPS

The Texas 2 STEPS Evaluation Tool was assessed for face validity. Thirty Certified Orientation and Mobility Specialists (COMS) piloted the tool while evaluating children under the age of five years. Each participant was asked to evaluate their comfort level working with this population and report the number of years’ experience they have working as a COMS. The majority of participants found the tool useful for assessing orientation and mobility (O&M) skills in children. The Texas 2

Tracy L. Hallak, M.Ed., TVI/COMS Instructor, Luis E. Aguerrevere, Ph.D.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 84–89

Research Article

Secondhand Smoke Exposure and Severity of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Preschoolers: A Pilot Investigation

Less is known about the effects of secondhand smoke (SHS) on mental health as compared with other medical disorders.The aims of this study were to examine the following: 1) the association of SHS exposure with childhood attention-deficit/hyperactivity (ADHD) and disruptive disorders; and 2) the association of maternal recall of a child’s SHS exposure and that child’s exposure as measured by bioassay.Sixty children had their saliva collected and assayed for cotinine when they were 4 years old

Mini Tandon, Christina N. Lessov-Schlaggar, Rebecca Tillman, Melbourne F. Hovell, Joan Luby

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 37–40


Learning in nature: Leadership opportunities in an Education Outside the Classroom programme in a New Zealand early childhood centre

This article explores how involvement in an Education Outside the Classroom (EOTC) programme in one New Zealand early childhood centre provides leadership opportunities for teachers and children and highlights the benefits of [re]connecting young children with nature on a regular basis. It focuses on teachers’ and parents’ views and perspectives on their participation in this nature-based education programme, specifically in regard to the leadership opportunities that the programme

Vicky Hill

Journal of Educational Leadership, Policy and Practice , ISSUE 1, 32–45


The Missing Link: A Collaborative Approach to Early Childhood Orientation and Mobility

The current role of the Orientation & Mobility (O&M) instructor routinely involves working with young children (birth to 6 years). The inclusion of this population to the caseload of O&M instructors brings with it unique challenges. Young children’s primary means of learning comes in the form of play, yet O&M traditionally tends to focus on skill specific instruction. For young children who are blind or vision impaired the ability to move out into space independently and

Kylie Wells, Dip. Tchg., Grad. Cert. Ed. Studies, M. Spec. Ed.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 57–61

Research Article

Child Abuse Management Units: How can Mental Health Services be Further Improved?

cases, and the types of follow up were emphasized.The Norwegian Ministry of Health and Care Services provided an exception from the principle of informed consent so that this study could be conducted. We had access to the medical records of all children between the ages of 0 and 14 years old who were referred to the regional child abuse management unit in 2006 and 2007. A descriptive, cross-sectional study was performed.One hundred and six children were referred to the child abuse management unit

Hanne K. Greger, Thomas Jozefiak, Arne K. Myhre

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 2, 51–62


Before the damage is done: Early childhood hyperactivity difficulties in adolescents with deliberate self-harm – findings from the DALSC cohort

). More than 40% of children with ADHD have at least one comorbid mental disorder (51), and children with ADHD are generally at higher risk for both internalizing problems (e.g., anxiety or depression) (52, 53) and externalizing problems (e.g., deficits in social communication) (44, 54). Swanson et al. (44) found that adolescent externalizing behavior mediated the link between childhood hyperactivity problems (ADHD) and young-adult non-suicidal self-harm whereas adolescent internalizing behavior

Therese A. Evald, Bo Møhl

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , 176–188

Research paper

Analysis of methionine synthase (rs1805087) gene polymorphism in autism patients in Northern Iran

Autism is characterized by impairment in reciprocal communication and speech, repetitive behaviors, and social communication. The genetic and environmental factors play roles in the pathogenesis of autism. It was recently shown that the genes involved in the folate/homocysteine pathway may be risk factors for autistic children. One of the genes that may be the risk factor for autism is Methionine synthase (MTR). MTR is responsible for the regeneration of methionine from homocysteine. The aim of

Rosa Haghiri, Farhad Mashayekhi, Elham Bidabadi, Zivar Salehi

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 4, 318–323


Widening the leadership story – moving beyond the individual

Distributed leadership that includes democratic practices can open spaces for children and their families to share their knowledge and skills and participate in everyday early childhood leadership activity. Drawing on the findings of a Masters thesis this article discusses how one kindergarten’s exploration of the local community has afforded insights into reframing leadership as an emerging social process whereby teachers, children and families are participants in an approach to

Linda Baxendine

Journal of Educational Leadership, Policy and Practice , ISSUE 1, 46–56

Research Article

Novel Application  of Spherical Microphone Array Sensor  with Three-Dimensional Directivity

Mixed sounds can be separated from multiple sound sources by utilizing a microphone array and signal processing. We believe that promotion of interest in this technique can lead to significant developments in future science and technology.  Consequently, in order to experience this technique, we designed a language game for children called “KIKIWAKE 3D” that uses a sound source separation system with the aim of arousing children's interest in this technology. In this paper

Takahiro Nakadai, Tomoki Taguchi, Hiroshi Mizoguchi, Ryohei Egusa, Etsuji Yamaguchi, Shigenori Inagaki, Yoshiaki Takeda, Miki Namatame, Masanori Sugimoto, Fusako Kusunoki

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–4


Zolpidem in treatment resistant adolescent catatonia: a case series

to avoid serious complications. Although DSM-5 (1) has no separate criteria for child and adolescent catatonia, it is challenging to identify adolescent catatonia in the early stages because its presentation might be different from adult catatonia, and it can be complicated by an existing developmental disorder. The commonly used scale for adults, Bush Francis Catatonia Rating scale (BFCRS), has also been used widely in children and adolescents (5). Cohen incorporated some changes in BFCRS to

Pravesh Kumar, Deepak Kumar

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , 135–138

Research Article

Social construction of giftedness: What might that mean for early childhood teachers’ practice?

The aim of this paper is to describe early childhood teachers’ perspectives on giftedness based on data collected during research for a doctoral thesis. The perspectives of early childhood teachers in particular can reflect how the New Zealand government and society value gifted and twice-exceptional children. The data collected suggest that, from the perspectives of the early childhood teachers in this study, the New Zealand Government and teachers are not explicitly aware of the special

Melanie Wong

Apex , ISSUE 1, 46–58


Anti-Mta associated with three cases of hemolytic disease of the newborn

The Mta antigen is a low-frequency red blood cell (RBC) surface antigen and is an established antigen of the MNSs blood group system. There has been one report of anti-Mta –induced hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN) in the literature to date. We describe a family in which three children were affected by neonatal anemia. The clinical and hematologic findings were consistent with HDN, despite repeatedly negative direct antiglobulin tests (DAT) on cord RBCs. Serologic investigations

Carol C. Cheung, Daniel Challis, George Fisher, Susan J. Russell, Andrew Davis, Hayley Bruce, Julie Watt, Beng H. Chong

Immunohematology , ISSUE 2, 37–39


Pragmatic language impairment general and specific associations to mental health symptom dimensions in a child psychiatric sample

Introduction Many children who are referred to psychiatric services have difficulties in communicating effectively in daily life and talking about their problems. The results of several international studies indicate a higher prevalence of language difficulties among children with mental health problems and that these difficulties often remain undiscovered unless specific assessments of language and communication are done (1). Cohen et al. (2) found undiagnosed language problems in 40% of their

Edel Brenne, Tormod Rimehaug

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , 3–12


Further evidence of the Diagnostic Utility of the Child Behavior Checklist for identifying pediatric Bipolar I Disorder

Introduction Pediatric bipolar (BP) disorder is a prevalent and highly morbid disorder estimated to afflict up to 2% of youth worldwide (1, 2). Youth afflicted with BP disorder are at high risk for a wide range of adverse outcomes including psychiatric hospitalizations, substance use disorders and suicidality (3–7). However, because the diagnosis of pediatric BP disorder requires a level of clinical expertise that is not readily available, improved efforts to help identify children who may have

Amy Yule, Maura Fitzgerald, Timothy Wilens, Janet Wozniak, K. Yvonne Woodworth, Alexa Pulli, Mai Uchida, Stephen V. Faraone, Joseph Biederman

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , 1–8

Research Article

Exploring the Contribution of Parental Perceptions to Childhood Anxiety

Parental rearing practices such as over-involvement are associated with childhood anxiety; however, little is known about the contribution of parental perceptions to child anxiety. This study explores the relationship between maternal and paternal perceptions of parenting and childhood anxiety. The perceived rearing behaviors and parental sense of competence (i.e., satisfaction and efficacy) of the parents of anxious children (n = 59) were compared with those of a non-clinical control sample (n

Barbara H. Esbjørn, Ida D. Caspersen, Mikael J. Sømhovd, Sonja Breinholst, Marie Louise Reinholdt-Dunne

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 3, 115–123


Should We Rethink Toxoplasmosis?

Historically, acute infections by Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) were not considered problematic in children and adults. Congenital infections caused concern due to effects on the developing foetus. Unless severe, symptoms such as chorioretinitis often only appeared later with periodic reactivation of chronic infection. Current thinking about the role of T. gondii has changed substantially. Researchers now believe that acute infections in children and adults, and their periodic reactivation once

Michael G. Gleeson, B. App. Sc., (Phty), M. Spec. Ed.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 73–78


Ultrasonography, MRI and classic radiography of skin and MSK involvement in juvenile scleroderma

Introduction Scleroderma is a rheumatic disease that affects both children and adults, with the estimated annual incidence rate of 1.4–5.6 per 100.000 in adults, and 1–3 per 100.000 children(1,2). Juvenile scleroderma (JS) is a rare, chronic disease with an autoimmune background that affects the connective tissue by excessive collagen production(3). Girls are nearly 4 times more frequently affected than boys(4). There are two main types of JS: juvenile localized scleroderma (jLS) and juvenile

Marta Idzior, Maria Sotniczuk, Emil Michalski, Piotr Gietka, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 83, 311–317

Research Article

Social and Emotional Issues of Gifted Young Children

Carola Sampson

Apex , ISSUE 1, 37–46

Research Article


Rotavirus infections are a leading cause of severe gastroenteritis in children under five years of age. Before the introduction of vaccination for rotavirus,100–150 million cases of infections were recorded globally, resulting in 500 000 deaths. The first rotavirus vaccines were designed in the 1980s. In 2007, two oral rotavirus vaccines containing live attenuated strains were registered in Europe: the monovalent vaccine Rotarix (RV1) and the pentavalent vaccine Rotateq (RV5). The

Marta Prygiel, Klaudia Brodzik, Aldon Wiatrzyk, Małgorzata Główka, Katarzyna Woźnica, Karol Wdowiak, Urszula Czajka, Aleksandra A. Zasada

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 4, –

Case report

Case report: rapid onset of severe anemia in childhood. A systematic approach to laboratory diagnosis

Evaluation of a patient prompted the systematic review of causes of abrupt onset anemia in children and the development of a protocol for the immunohematologic workup of such cases. The patient, a 3- year-old boy, presented to our institution two weeks following a viral illness with gross hematuria, jaundice, and severe anemia (hematocrit 14.5%). He was found to have a positive direct antiglobulin test (DAT) due to primarily complement sensitization (2+) with smaller amounts of IgG (weak). A

Linda A. Chambers

Immunohematology , ISSUE 3, 108–111

Research Article

Exploration of ADHD Subtype Definitions and Co-Occurring Psychopathology in a Missouri Population-Based Large Sibship Sample

There is some debate regarding the utility of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) subtypes as currently defined. Differences in co-occurring psychopathology among subtypes would support the validity of subtype definitions. To explore how ADHD subtype relates to co-occurring psychopathology in a large population-based sample of children and adolescents (n=5744). Parents completed the Strengths and Weaknesses of ADHD-symptoms and Normal behavior (SWAN) questionnaire, the Child

Angela M. Reiersen, Alexandre A. Todorov

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 3–13


Classifications and imaging of juvenile spondyloarthritis

Juvenile spondyloarthritis may be present in at least 3 subtypes of juvenile idiopathic arthritis according to the classification of the International League of Associations for Rheumatology. By contrast with spondyloarthritis in adults, juvenile spondyloarthritis starts with inflammation of peripheral joints and entheses in the majority of children, whereas sacroiliitis and spondylitis may develop many years after the disease onset. Peripheral joint involvement makes it difficult to

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Iris Eshed, Lennart Jans, Nele Herregods, James Teh, Jelena Vojinovic

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 74, 224–233

Case report

Hikikomori: debating a XXI century phenomenon from a clinical point of view

The term hikikomori describes a specific form of social withdrawal that can be observed in children, adolescents, and young adults. Epidemiological research studies have shown that this condition is comorbid with a psychopathological disorder only in 50% of all cases. Many young people in a state of withdrawal do not show symptoms ascribable to already known diagnostic parameters. The authors, psychologist, and psychiatrist at the UFSMIA (Functional Mental Health Unit for Children and

Fiorenzo Ranieri, Luciano Luccherino

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 72–79

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