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Original Paper | 13-September-2016

Perihepatic lymphadenopathy in children with chronic viral hepatitis

Objective. To assess whether lymph node enlargement in the hepatoduodenal ligament occurs in children with chronic viral hepatitis B and C in comparison to healthy controls.Subject and methods. In 49 patients with chronic viral hepatitis (38 with chronic hepatitis B, 11 with chronic hepatitis C, 31 male, 18 female; age range 1 to 17 years),and in 51 healthy controls (25 male, 26 female; age range 4 to 16 years), the total perihepatic lymph node volume was assessed using transabdominal

Dagmar Schreiber-Dietrich, Margret Pohl, Xin-Wu Cui, Barbara Braden, Christoph F. Dietrich, Liliana Chiorean

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 61, 137–150

Article | 30-November-2018

GUT MICROBIOTA IN CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE

proteins) – occludin and claudin [58]. A change in the environment in which a microbiota exists: the presence of toxins, diet, antibiotic therapy, stress or medications taken cause the dominant bacteria and the compounds synthesized by them to change, which leads to damaging the intestinal barrier. This is the case, among others, in chronic kidney disease [2]. 2. Mechanisms leading to alterations in gut microbiota and their effects on intestinal barrier permeability Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a

Magdalena Nalewajska, Jarosław Przybyciński, Małgorzata Marchelek-Myśliwiec, Violetta Dziedziejko, Kazimierz Ciechanowski

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 58 , ISSUE 3, 237–245

Research paper | 31-July-2017

Anhedonia but not passive floating is an indicator of depressive‑like behavior in two chronic stress paradigms

Depression is the most common form of mental disability in the world. Depressive episodes may be precipitated by severe acute stressful events or by mild chronic stressors. Studies on the mechanisms of depression require both appropriate experimental models (most of them based on the exposure of animals to chronic stressors), and appropriate tests for assessment of depressive states. In this study male Wistar rats were exposed to two different chronic stress paradigms: an eight‑week chronic

Mikhail Yu. Stepanichev, Anna O. Tishkina, Margarita R. Novikova, Irina P. Levshina, Sofiya V. Freiman, Mikhail V. Onufriev, Olga A. Levchenko, Natalia A. Lazareva, Natalia V. Gulyaeva

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 76 , ISSUE 4, 324–333

Research paper | 15-January-2019

Neurological improvement in patients with chronic spinal cord injury treated with leuprolide acetate, an agonist of GnRH

It has been reported that gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH), and its analogue leuprolide acetate (LA), have neurotrophic properties; particularly in the regeneration of injured spinal cord in animal models and in the case of a patient with spinal cord injury (SCI). The aim of this study was to establish whether treatment with LA improves sensitivity, motor activity and independence in patients with chronic SCI. Patients were treated LA once a month for six months. They were evaluated at the

José Luis Quintanar, Carmen Díaz-Galindo, Denisse Calderón-Vallejo, Irma Hernández-Jasso, Froylán Rojas, Daniel Medina-Aguiñaga, Carlos Olvera-Sandoval

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 78 , ISSUE 4, 352–357

research-article | 30-November-2020

Experimental chronic sleep fragmentation alters seizure susceptibility and brain levels of interleukins 1β and 6

sleep fragmentation, as an accompanying phenomenon, should also be considered as a powerful contributing factor (Ferrillo et al., 2000; Parrino et al., 2000; Manni et al., 2005; Seyal et al., 2010; Foldvary-Schaefer et al., 2012). Numerous uncertainties exist on mechanisms of increased neuronal excitability upon sleep alterations. It is known that sleep fragmentation can trigger low-grade chronic inflammatory mechanisms (Mullington et al., 2009; Tang et al., 2009). Moreover, systemic or central

Željko Grubač, Nikola Šutulović, Djudja Jerotić, Sonja Šuvakov, Aleksandra Rašić-Marković, Djuro Macut, Tatjana Simić, Olivera Stanojlović, Dragan Hrnčić

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 81 , ISSUE 1, 96–109

Research paper | 04-May-2018

Antiallodynic effect of intrathecal resiniferatoxin on neuropathic pain model of chronic constriction injury

neuropathic pain or epidurally and topically to produce prolonged analgesic effects. However, the use of RTX is controversial because its neurotoxicity and margin of safety have not been addressed adequately. The present study evaluates the effect of intrathecal RTX on the induction and allodynia behavior of animals submitted to neuropathic pain by chronic constriction injury (CCI). Methods: 160 Swiss mice were randomly distributed into two groups: intrathecal pre-treatment group (PRE) aiming the effect

Julia Risso Parisi, Ana Laura Martins de Andrade, Josie Resende Torres Silva, Marcelo Lourenço Silva

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 77 , ISSUE 4, 317–322

research-article | 09-September-2021

Comparison between shear wave elastography and serological findings for the evaluation of fibrosis in chronic liver disease

SWE with routine serological markers, the APRI and FIB-4, for evaluating liver fibrosis in patients with chronic liver disease. Methodology This descriptive, cross-sectional study was performed using a convenient, non-probability sampling technique in the Radiology Department of Shaukat Khanum Hospital, Lahore. In the study, we planned to evaluate the images and medical records for SWE and serological findings to compare the extent of liver fibrosis, based on these two techniques (SWE and

Mahjabeen Liaqat, Kashif Siddique, Imran Yousaf, Raham Bacha, S. Muhammad Yousaf Farooq, Syed Amir Gilani

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 86, 186–193

research-article | 28-September-2020

Gallbladder-duodenal fistula detected by ultrasound – a case report

Introduction Intestinal fistulas involving the gallbladder are a rare complication of cholelithiasis, occurring in 5% (or less) of patients who presented with cholelithiasis(1). The most common biliary-enteric fistula is, however, cholecystoduodenal fistula(2). The reported case concerns a 54-year-old female patient who presented to the emergency department with pain in the epigastric region and no signs of peritonitis. An ultrasound (US) scan suggested chronic cholecystitis and cholelithiasis

Dominika Jaguś, Aakanksha Karthik, Zhi Ying Tan, Robert Krzysztof Mlosek, Ewa Białek

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 82, 214–217

minireview | 19-March-2021

Microbiota: A Missing Link in The Pathogenesis of Chronic Lung Inflammatory Diseases

number of symbionts and increasing potential dangerous pathogens. Microbial dysbiosis has been found to be involved in a growing list of human diseases, including chronic respiratory diseases (Paudel et al. 2020). Chronic respiratory diseases account for high morbidity and mortality, with asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and cystic fibrosis (CF) being the most prevalent globally (Paudel et al. 2020). Even though the diseases increase in prevalence, the exact underlying mechanisms

AGNIESZKA MAGRYŚ

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 70 , ISSUE 1, 25–32

research-article | 23-September-2021

SMALL COLONY VARIANTS – THE CAUSE OF CHRONIC INFECTIONS

Joanna Nowicka, Elżbieta Piątkowska

Advancements of Microbiology – Postepy Mikrobiologii, Volume 60 , ISSUE 3, 183–194

Research paper | 06-February-2018

Effects of individual stressors used in a battery of “chronic unpredictable stress” on long-term plasticity in the hippocampus of juvenile rats

We have studied alterations in the properties of long-term potentiation (LTP) in hippocampal slices of juvenile rats induced by the exposure of animals to different individual stressors usually used in batteries of chronic unpredictable stress (CUS), a widely used model of depression. Social isolation for 16 h did substantially affect neither the magnitude and nor the development of LTP. The effects of stroboscopic illumination and water deprivation appeared most severe, though opposite: the

Alexandra A. Gorbunova, Irina V. Kudryashova, Anna O. Manolova, Margarita R. Novikova, Mikhail Yu. Stepanichev, Natalia V. Gulyaeva

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 77 , ISSUE 3, 244–253

Article | 15-March-2019

BAYESIAN SPATIAL ANALYSIS OF CHRONIC DISEASES IN ELDERLY CHINESE PEOPLE USING A STAR MODEL

Chronic diseases have become important factors affecting the health of elderly Chinese people. Because the prevalence of chronic diseases varies among the provinces, it is necessary to understand the spatial effects on these diseases, as well as their relationships with potential risk factors. This study applies a structured additive regression model and the R2BayesX package to conduct a Bayesian analysis. The data are taken from the 2000, 2006, and 2010 Chinese Urban and Rural Elderly

Ping Gao, Hikaru Hasegawa

Statistics in Transition New Series, Volume 19 , ISSUE 4, 645–670

Research paper | 01-August-2017

Continuous MPTP intoxication in the Göttingen minipig results in chronic parkinsonian deficits

Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative disorder, resulting from progressive loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc). Neuroprotective therapies in PD are still not available, perhaps because animal models do not imitate the chronic and progressive nature of the clinical state of PD. To address this, we performed a feasibility study aimed at establishing a chronic non-primate large animal PD model in Göttingen minipigs based on continuous infusion

Mette Slot Nielsen, Andreas Nørgaard Glud, Arne Møller, Poul Mogensen, Dirk Bender, Jens Christian Sørensen, Doris Doudet, Carsten Reidies Bjarkam

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 76 , ISSUE 3, 199–211

research-article | 30-November-2017

DEVELOPMENT OF DAPHNIA MAGNA UNDER EXPOSURE TO AMPICILLIN

but did not to Artemia salina. Amongst antibiotics, ampicillin belongs to β-Lactams antibiotic and is one of the most widely used antibacterial drugs in veterinary medicine [24]. However, the toxicity of this compound to micro-crustacean, specially D. magna is not fully and clearly understood. Therefore, in this study, we investigated the chronic effects of ampicillin on the life history trait of the micro-crustacean D. magna. 2. MATERIALS AND METHODS 2.1. Experimental organisms and chemicals

Thi-My-Chi VO, Ngoc-Han PHAM, Tan-Duc NGUYEN, Manh-Ha BUI, Thanh-Son DAO

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 11 , ISSUE 3, 147–152

Research paper | 01-November-2017

USING THE DAY RECONSTRUCTION METHOD TO QUANTIFY TIME SPENT SUFFERING AMONG OLDER ADULTS WITH CHRONIC PAIN

also measure suffering from negative symptoms, such as pain and fatigue, in 122 older adults, most of whom suffer from chronic pain. Results indicated that the method was well tolerated in this population, with over 98% of the sample providing interpretable responses. Chronic pain respondents reported spending a considerable proportion of their day suffering from pain, fatigue, and depression; a much higher proportion than reported by healthy controls (p’s < .01). Time spent suffering was

Dylan M. Smith

Statistics in Transition New Series, Volume 16 , ISSUE 3, 429–440

case-report | 28-June-2019

Juvenile spondyloarthritis and chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis overlap syndrome in a 16-year-old adolescent. A case report and literature review

Case report A 16-year-old patient with juvenile spondyloarthritis and chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) overlap syndrome was admitted to our department for follow-up examinations. She had been hospitalized at the department a few times before. The patient had a history of joint and back pain and pain in the left buttock and the left thigh when walking since 2011. Physical examination revealed abnormal gait with sparing of the left leg and signs of peripheral arthritis. On

Michał Znajdek, Agnieszka Gazda, Piotr Gietka, Marta Wysmołek, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 77, 152–157

Original Paper | 13-September-2016

Applications of intraoperative ultrasound in the treatment of complicated cases of acute and chronic pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer – own experience

Both acute and chronic infl ammation of the pancreas often lead to complications that nowadays can be resolved using endoscopic and surgical procedures. In many cases,intraoperative ultrasound examination (IOUS) enables correct assessment of the extent of the lesion, and allows for safe surgery, while also shortening its length. Aim of theresearch: At the authors’ clinic, intraoperative ultrasound is performed in daily practice. In this paper, we try to share our experiences in the application

Grzegorz Ćwik, Michał Solecki, Grzegorz Grzegorz

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 60, 56–71

original-paper | 17-September-2021

Mycobacterium chimaera as an Underestimated Cause of NTM Lung Diseases in Patients Hospitalized in Pulmonary Wards

mycobacteria are less pathogenic than Mycobacterium tuberculosis; however, they have become a cause of respiratory colonization increasingly. Several species can induce a non-tuberculous mycobacterial lung disease (NTMLD), especially in patients with chronic lung diseases, such as cystic fibrosis (Adjemian et al. 2018; Gardner et al. 2019), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (Andrejak et al. 2013; Hoefsloot et al. 2013; Diel et al. 2017), past tuberculosis (Adzic-Vukicevic et al. 2018; Bakuła et

ANNA T. ZABOST, MONIKA SZTURMOWICZ, SYLWIA A. BRZEZIŃSKA, MAGDALENA D. KLATT, EWA M. AUGUSTYNOWICZ-KOPEĆ

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 70 , ISSUE 3, 315–320

Case report | 25-March-2020

RHD deletion in a patient with chronic myeloid leukemia

Anomalous expression of the Rh antigen, D, has occasionally been observed in patients with certain myeloproliferative disorders.  Indeed, this phenomenon led to the tentative assignment of RH to the short arm of chromosome 1.  PCRbased analyses were performed on DNA from an 82-year-old D+ Caucasian patient with chronic myeloid leukemia after her RBCs became D–.  For nearly 7 years, the patient’s RBCs typed as strongly D+, but in March 2006, they typed weakly D+ and in

Ann Murdock, Deborah Assip, Kim Hue-Roye, Christine Lomas-Francis, Zong Hu, Sunitha Vege, Connie M. Westhoff, Marion E. Reid

Immunohematology, Volume 24 , ISSUE 4, 160–164

Short Communication | 26-August-2016

The Effect of Local Platelet Rich Plasma Therapy on the Composition of Bacterial Flora in Chronic Venous Leg Ulcer

Microbial colonisation of chronic venous ulcers and synergism between bacterial species slow down the healing process. The study aimed at performing qualitative analysis of microbial flora in venous leg ulcers treated with platelet rich plasma (PRP). Twenty two women and twelve men aged 47–90 years were treated with PRP at our department between 2012 and 2015. Ulcer cultures collected before and after PRP therapy yielded 83 and 110 microbial isolates, respectively, of Gram positive, Gram

Witold Woźniak, Monika Tarnas, Tomasz Miłek, R. Krzysztof Mlosek, Piotr Ciostek

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 65 , ISSUE 3, 353–357

Article | 10-November-2020

Long-term impact of recombinant human erythropoietin on transfusion support in patients with chronic renal failure

1988 to 11 in 1989, when r-HuEpo was licensed in the United States (p < .01) and fell to 2 in 1990 (p < .01). The proportion of patients who became transfusion-independent increased from 34 percent in 1989 to 69 percent in 1990 (p < .001). These data demonstrate that r-HuEpo significantly decreases transfusion require­ments of patients with chronic renal disease.

Mark A. Popovsky, Bernard J. Ransil

Immunohematology, Volume 12 , ISSUE 1, 1–3

original-paper | 03-September-2019

Evaluation of the pol/S Gene Overlapping Mutations in Chronic Hepatitis B Patients in Northern Cyprus

Introduction Hepatitis B virus (HBV) affects more than 2 billion people worldwide and approximately 247 million chronic individuals are known to be chronic carriers (Caligiuri et al. 2016; WHO 2018). HBV can cause severe liver infections and cirrhosis may develop in 15–40% of individuals if they are not treated (Tang et al. 2018). There are several novel treatment strategies that have been used for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B infection in order to prevent the risk of developing liver

AYSE ARIKAN, MURAT SAYAN, TAMER SANLIDAG, KAYA SUER, SINEM AKCALI, MERYEM GUVENIR

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 68 , ISSUE 3, 317–322

Article | 17-February-2021

Clinical impacts of DNA-based typing and provision of antigen-matched red blood cell units for chronically transfused patients with thalassemia

Chronic transfusion in patients with thalassemia is often complicated by red blood cell (RBC) alloantibodies to the lacking antigens on the patients’ RBCs. The prevalence of alloantibodies ranges from 4.25 to 37 percent in patients with thalassemia.1–6 Clinically significant alloantibodies can shorten transfused erythrocyte survival due to hemolytic transfusion reactions. To reduce the alloantibody risk, RBC antigen serotyping for Rh (C, c, E, e) and MNS hybrid glycophorins, especially for MNS7

P. Watanaboonyongcharoen, S. Onspun, P. Rojnuckarin

Immunohematology, Volume 36 , ISSUE 4, 137–145

mini-review | 27-December-2020

Hepatitis B Virus: From Diagnosis to Treatment

Introduction Although there are effective vaccines and treatment strategies against hepatitis B (HB), it is still a significant health concern worldwide that can present in acute, permanent, severe liver failure and cancer forms resulting in high morbidity and death. Globally, 2 billion people have been infected with HB. There is an estimated more than 292 million people living with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) infection worldwide. The global HB surface antigen (HBsAg) positivity was estimated to

MERYEM GUVENIR, AYSE ARIKAN

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 69 , ISSUE 4, 391–399

Research paper | 06-February-2018

Effect of combined administration of aripiprazole and fluoxetine on cognitive functions in female rats exposed to ethyl alcohol

Alcoholism is a chronic and recurrent disease. The studies on ethyl alcohol show a progressive deterioration of cognitive functions (motor hyperactivity, operating memory). The aim of the study was to establish whether combined single and chronic administration of aripiprazole (ARI) and fluoxetine (FLU) affects animal locomotor activity or modifies spatial memory functions in female rats exposed to ethyl alcohol. Female Wistar rats were studied in the Morris Water Maze (MWM) and locomotor

Krzysztof Kus, Piotr Ratajczak, Natasza Czaja, Tomasz Zaprutko, Elżbieta Nowakowska

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 77 , ISSUE 1, 86–93

research-article | 31-March-2020

Renal echotextural changes in Nigerian workers chronically exposed to petroleum-based liquid fuels

, these hydrocarbon products are converted in the body into different reactive metabolites, which interact with various tissues, especially the metabolizing, distributing and excreting tissues, exerting toxic effects on them. The kidneys are excreting organs that could be damaged by hydrocarbons. Indeed Uboh et al.(3) has shown that interaction of the hydrocarbon with renal tissues may cause cellular injury. Exposure to hydrocarbon (HC) is associated with an increased risk of developing chronic kidney

Angel-Mary C. Anakwue, Felicitas U. Idigo, Raphael C. Anakwue

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 80, 18–23

research-article | 15-October-2020

Antistress and antidepressant properties of dapoxetine and vortioxetine

INTRODUCTION Mood disorders and depression are some of the most frequent causes of mental disability among communities worldwide (Nestler et al., 2002). The issue of depression, with its constant incidence growth, affects all of the world’s countries; still, despite this high prevalence and severe consequence of the disease, research on pathogenesis and effective methods of treatment of depression (and other mental disorders) are much less advanced than those on other chronic complaints, such

Piotr Ratajczak, Krzysztof Kus, Małgorzata Zielińska-Przyjemska, Beata Skórczewska, Tomasz Zaprutko, Dorota Kopciuch, Anna Paczkowska, Elżbieta Nowakowska

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 80 , ISSUE 3, 217–224

research-article | 18-December-2020

The use of high-frequency skin ultrasound in the diagnosis of lipodermatosclerosis

Introduction Lipodermatosclerosis is one of the symptoms of severe chronic venous insufficiency (CVI). It is a limited chronic inflammation and fibrosis of the skin and the subcutaneous tissue, which is sometimes accompanied by scarring and contracture of the Achilles tendon. The clinical picture of lipodermatosclerosis is characterized by brownish red, flaky skin prone to ulceration. Atrophy and fibrosis of the subcutaneous tissue lead to the characteristic appearance of distal lower limbs

Witold Woźniak, Anna Danowska, Robert K. Mlosek

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 83, 284–290

case-report | 18-June-2021

Infraspinatus atrophy due to Bennett lesion causing suprascapular nerve palsy

dislocations or subluxations. As the clinical setting suggested suprascapular nerve entrapment syndrome, conventional shoulder MR and later CT examinations were performed to confirm the diagnosis and look for etiology. MR results (Fig. 1, Fig. 2) revealed atrophy and fatty infiltration as well as mild muscle edema, depicted on water-sensitive sequences, features consistent with subacute-chronic denervation of the infraspinatus muscle. Isolated denervation of the infraspinatus muscle oriented that the nerve

Juan Miranda Bautista, Javier Fernández-Jara, Santiago Miranda Bautista, Pablo Menéndez Fernández-Miranda, María Valencia Mora, Begoña Gutiérrez San José, Mateo González Estévez, Blanca Mur Molina, Patricia Patilla Vázquez

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 85, e177–e181

Research paper | 06-February-2018

Comparison of the influence of two models of mild stress on hippocampal brain-derived neurotrophin factor (BDNF) immunoreactivity in old age rats

The way hippocampal neurons function during stress in old age (critical times of life) is dependent on brain derived neurotrophin factor (BDNF). This study examined the influence of acute and chronic forced swim (FS) or high-light open field (HL-OF) stimulation on the density of BDNF immunoreactive (ir) neurons in the hippocampal pyramidal layers of CA1, CA2, CA3 regions and the granular layer of dentate gyrus (DG) in old (postnatal day 720; P720) Wistar Han rats. Our data showed that in

Ewa Badowska-Szalewska, Beata Ludkiewicz, Rafał Krawczyk, Natalia Melka, Janusz Moryś

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 77 , ISSUE 1, 68–76

review-article | 18-June-2021

US-guided high-volume injection for Achilles tendinopathy

the commonest lower limb tendon to rupture, but also it is most frequently impaired as a result of overuse leading to tendinopathy(3). Chronic midportion Achilles tendinopathy is a common overuse injury that is often long-standing. Over the past three decades, the incidence has been rising because of greater participation in sports activities. Runners are most at risk of developing symptoms, with a lifetime risk of 52%(4). However, patients with this condition do not always participate in vigorous

George A. Kakkos, Michail E. Klontzas, Emmanouil Koltsakis, Apostolos H. Karantanas

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 85, e127–e133

Article | 16-April-2018

Should We Rethink Toxoplasmosis?

Historically, acute infections by Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) were not considered problematic in children and adults. Congenital infections caused concern due to effects on the developing foetus. Unless severe, symptoms such as chorioretinitis often only appeared later with periodic reactivation of chronic infection. Current thinking about the role of T. gondii has changed substantially. Researchers now believe that acute infections in children and adults, and their periodic reactivation once

Michael G. Gleeson, B. App. Sc., (Phty), M. Spec. Ed.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility, Volume 1 , ISSUE 1, 73–78

Article | 23-December-2013

SENSOR-BASED WIRELESS WEARABLE SYSTEMS FOR HEALTHCARE AND FALLS MONITORING

The rapid aging of the world’s population, along with an increase in the prevalence of chronic illnesses, requires adaption and modification of current healthcare models. New trends on healthcare technologies fall into the use of autonomous systems that allows the capturing and monitoring of physiological parameters anytime and anywhere. One approach involves tele-health applications, many of which are based on sensor technologies for unobtrusive monitoring. Recent technological advances, in

Hou Honglun, Huo Meimei, Wu Minghui

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 5, 2200–2216

research-article | 31-December-2019

Correlation between portal vein diameter and craniocaudal length of the spleen

had. They further determine the correlation of white-American with African-American individuals. There was also a significant correlation among the spleen size of the white individual and African individuals. White-American population had significantly larger spleens than African-American subjects had. Baik and Kim, published their work in 2018, to determine the role of Doppler ultrasound in the diagnosis of chronic liver parenchymal disease.10 Various factors, including the liver size, liver

Shah Zaman, Syed Amir Gilani, Raham Bacha, Iqra Manzoor, Zain Ul Hasan

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 79, 276–281

case-study | 02-November-2018

Multifocal Motor Neuropathy: A clinical case study

function (Lawson & Arnold, 2014). The progressive nature of the disorder is due to autoantibodies binding to GM1 gangliosides, activating the classical complement system pathway and causing nerve damage by initiating the complement membrane attack complex within the peripheral nerves (Yuki, Watanabe, Nakajima & Spath, 2010). MMN is a chronic disorder that tends to mimic the more fatal form of movement disorders, motor neuron disease (Lawson & Arnold, 2014). A recent study revealed one third of patients

Madeline A Bone

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 28 , ISSUE 2, 4–8

Original Paper | 31-August-2018

Intima–media complex thickness and carotid atherosclerotic plaque formation in Lublin’s population in the context of selected comorbidities

Introduction: Atherosclerosis (arteriosclerosis) is a chronic arterial disease of the arteries with chronic inflammatory. The pathology of atherosclerosis is complex, and the atherosclerotic process is multi-factorial, not fully understood. Risk factors of atherosclerotic lesions may include: lipid disorders, hypertension or diabetes. One of the diagnostic methods of discovering atherosclerosis covers the assessment of the intima–media complex thickness by Doppler ultrasonography. Aim: The aim

Tomasz Słomka, Anna Drelich-Zbroja, Magdalena Jarząbek, Małgorzata Szczerbo-Trojanowska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 73, 133–139

Mini Review | 26-August-2016

The Role of Staphylococcus aureus in Secondary Infections in Patients with Atopic Dermatitis (AD)

allergic skin condition of a chronic and recurrent nature. Patients with AD are highly predisposed to secondary staphylococcal infections due to active S. aureus colonization of the stratum corneum, dam­age of the skin barrier or a defective immune response. Microorganisms present in skin lesions destroy the tissue by secreting enzymes and toxins, and additionally stimulate secondary allergic reactions. The toxins secreted by strains of S. aureus also act as superantigens and penetrate the skin

Aneta Buda, Jacek Międzobrodzki

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 65 , ISSUE 3, 253–259

Research Article | 22-May-2019

SECRETION OF OUTER MEMBRANE VESICLES AS A MECHANISM PROMOTING H. PYLORI INFECTIONS

Helicobacter pylori commonly colonizes the human gastric mucosa. Infections with this microorganism can contribute to serious health consequences, such as peptic ulceration, gastric adenocarcinoma and gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma. Chronic persistence of this bacteria in the host organism is probably strongly dependent on the secretion of outer membrane vesicles (OMV). These organelles are small, electron-dense, extracellular structures which are secreted in large amounts

Paweł Krzyżek

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 56 , ISSUE 3, 316–325

Article | 03-November-2020

Autoimmune hemolytic anemia caused by warm-reacting IgM-class antibodies

hemolysins were negative. The patient suffered chronic hemolysis and required intensive treatment, including splenectomy. Patient 2 was a 65-year-old female; the hemoglobin was 78 g/L and the haptoglobin was < 0.1 g/L. Direct antiglobulin tests were positive for IgM and C3d; an eluate contained only IgM. No free autoantibody was present in the serum and tests for hemolysins were negative. Two serious infections occurred and the hemolysis remained chronic, requiring continuous treatment during the 4

R.J. Sokol, D.J. Booker, R. Stamps, S. Sobolewski, A.P. Haynes

Immunohematology, Volume 14 , ISSUE 2, 53–58

Report | 01-December-2019

Directed blood donor program decreases donor exposure for children with sickle cell disease requiring chronic transfusion

Dionna O. Roberts, Brittany Covert, Terianne Lindsey, Vincent Edwards, Lisa McLaughlin, John Theus, Ricardo J. Wray, Keri Jupka, David Baker, Mary Robbins, Michael R. DeBaun

Immunohematology, Volume 28 , ISSUE 1, 7–12

Article | 06-December-2020

Failure to detect a prozoning anti-Fya in the serum of a chronically transfused patient

A 78-year old white male presented to our facility with vascular occlusion. He was Group A, D-positive, with a negative indirect antiglobulin test (antibody screen). Records at our facility, 4 years prior to this admission, indicated a history of anti-Fya, and Fy(a-) units were provided. A referring hospital had transfused the patient for "chronic anemia" (1-3 units weekly for 2 years), and he had received eight units (untested for Fya) immediately prior to his transfer to our

Jody C. Sizemore, Teresa D. Sammons, Jerry N. Clanton

Immunohematology, Volume 8 , ISSUE 2, 44–46

Mini Review | 28-December-2016

Viral Infection of the Heart: Pathogenesis and Diagnosis

Viral infections of the heart cause serious clinical problems, either as infectious myocarditis, which usually is a consequence of acute infection or as idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy, resulting rather from a chronic infection. This minireview presents an up-to-date view on patho­mechanisms of viral infection of the heart tissues, the role of immune system in controlling infectious process at its various stages and current possibilities of recognizing viral infection of the heart with

Mateusz Kuffner, Agnieszka Pawlak, Maciej Przybylski

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 65 , ISSUE 4, 391–398

Case report | 14-October-2020

Red blood cell antigen changes in malignancy: case report and review

Red blood cell (RBC) antigens represent inherited traits and as such, their expression should be constant throughout the life of an individual. We describe a patient in whom the expression of the Rh D and C antigens was lost due to the development of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). For this patient, this represented more than a blood bank curiosity but was of critical importance in determining further treatment of the leukemia. The mechanisms behind changes in RBC antigens due to malignancy

Jeffrey L. Winters, Dianna S. Howard

Immunohematology, Volume 17 , ISSUE 1, 1–9

Research paper | 01-August-2017

Effects of social stress and clomipramine on emotional memory in mice

Aranzazu Duque, Concepción Vinader-Caerols, Santiago Monleón

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 76 , ISSUE 3, 225–233

case-report | 28-June-2019

A developmental variant of the thyroid cartilage

Sanaa Jamali, Etienne Danse

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 77, 171–172

research-paper | 14-June-2019

Antidepressant and anxiolytic efficacy of single, chronic and concomitant use of vortioxetine, dapoxetine and fluoxetine in prenatally stressed rats

males aged 18–64 years (McCarty and Dinsmore, 2012). This study’s objective was to investigate for a reduction in immobility time (measure of anti-depressant efficacy), anxiolytic effectiveness and locomotor activity patterns after single, chronic and combined administration of VOR, DAP, or FLU to non-stressed and prenatally stressed rats. In accordance with a generally adopted methodology (Porsolt et al., 1978) and the experience of the investigators (Nowakowska et al., 2014; Ratajczak et al., 2013

Piotr Ratajczak, Krzysztof Kus, Tomasz Zaprutko, Mikołaj Szczepański, Sandra Rusowicz, Elżbieta Nowakowska

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 79 , ISSUE 1, 13–24

Article | 26-October-2019

HEA BeadChipTM technology in immunohematology

by BioArray Solutions (Immucor, Warren, NJ) is one of the commercial DNA array platforms currently available to predict HEAs by DNA analysis. This technology provides a useful tool to increase the inventory of antigen-negative RBC units and prevent immunization of patients who require chronic transfusion by providing compatible RBC units based on matching by DNA testing.

Cinzia Paccapelo, Francesca Truglio, Maria Antonietta Villa, Nicoletta Revelli, Maurizio Marconi

Immunohematology, Volume 31 , ISSUE 2, 81–90

Article | 22-January-2021

Anti-Ata in a renal transplant candidate: a case report

J. Gao, S. Wise, S.H. Tinsley, J.F. Shikle

Immunohematology, Volume 36 , ISSUE 3, 104–107

Research paper | 01-September-2014

VISION-INTEGRATED PHYSIOTHERAPY SERVICE ROBOT USING COOPERATING TWO ARMS

This paper presents the mechanical architecture, control system, and other modules of a physiotherapy service robot which can treat degenerative disease and chronic disease of middle-aged and aged people by Chinese massage skill. The main body of the robot includes a massage adjustable bed, two 4-DOF(Degree of Freedom) robot arms and two massage hands that can accomplish various massage manipulations. Physiological signal and massage pressure are detecting in real time in massage process to

Huanbing Gao, Shouyin Lu, Guohui Tian, Jindong Tan

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 3, 1024–1043

research-paper | 12-August-2019

Coumarins as potential supportive medication for the treatment of epilepsy

of seizures and help patients control seizure occurrence. Unfortunately, a significant proportion of patients exhibit little or no improvement with current drug therapies. Moreover, the issue of chronic side effects due to the drugs is also significant (Sharma et al., 2013). Experimental epileptic models are used to assess the activity of potential anticonvulsant drugs and enable an estimation of the clinical profile of a substance’s action on the CNS. One of the basic in vivo animal models for

Jarosław Bryda, Mirosław Zagaja, Aleksandra Szewczyk, Marta Andres-Mach

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 79 , ISSUE 2, 126–132

Research Article | 20-May-2019

ROLE OF MICROBIOTA IN MAINTAINING THE HOMEOSTASIS IN THE HUMAN BODY

and number of intestinal microbiota may contribute to the development of numerous infectious (HIV), metabolic (diabetes, obesity) and immunological (allergy, asthma, rheumatoid arthritis) diseases, as well as conditions associated with various organs (kidneys, liver, heart, inflammatory bowel disease, Crohn’s disease), cancer (colon) and the nervous system (autism, sleeping problems, stress, chronic fatigue syndrome, schizophrenia, Alzheimer’s disease). The composition of the

Katarzyna Góralska, Magdalena Dzikowiec

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 57 , ISSUE 1, 5–11

Review | 15-May-2020

Review: immune thrombocytopenic purpura: an update for immunohematologists

clinical course, ITP in adults often lasts more than 6 months (chronic ITP) and is resistant to conventional treatment (corticosteroids, intravenous immune globulin, or splenectomy). The goal of medical management is to increase the platelet count to a safe level, without the risks of bacterial infections associated with splenectomy or toxicity from prolonged corticosteroid therapy. Splenectomy increases platelet counts in hours to days in most patients with acute ITP, but nearly 50 percent experience

S. Gerald Sandler

Immunohematology, Volume 20 , ISSUE 2, 112–117

Case report | 25-September-2018

TRUS-guided drainage of the ectopic ureter entering the prostatic urethra and TRUS-guided transurethral neo-orifice formation using holmium laser

A fifty-nine year-old male was hospitalized for exacerbation of chronic pancreatitis. As a gigantic cyst of the pancreatic tail was identified, it was fused with the jejunal loop. Due to persistent fever and severe symptoms in the storage and voiding phases, the patient was referred to a urologist. Because transrectal ultrasound examination revealed a fluid collection resembling the left seminal vesicle filled with purulent material, a transrectal puncture procedure was performed. The analysis

Waldemar Białek, Ewa Mey, Piotr Kawecki, Roman Styliński, Sławomir Rudzki

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 74, 255–264

Article | 06-December-2020

Clinical correlation of positive direct antiglobulin tests in patients with sickle cell disease

Serologic findings of immune-mediated hemolytic anemia (autoimmune hemolytic anemia and cold agglutinin disease) are not infrequent in patients with sickle cell disease and can be clinically significant. Features of sickle cell disease that may affect the emergence and intensity of immune-mediated hemolysis include the antigenic stimulation of chronic red blood cell (RBC) transfusions, increased autoantibody production, RBC membrane defects, and functional asplenism. We describe two patients

Raymond L. Comenzo, Marie E. Malachowski, Eugene M. Berkman

Immunohematology, Volume 8 , ISSUE 1, 13–16

research-article | 24-June-2021

Selected flavonoids and their role in the treatment of epilepsy – a review of the latest reports from experimental studies

dyslipidemic individuals. Kirienko et al. (2018) investigated the clinical efficacy of 1000 mg micronized purified flavonoid fraction (MPFF) administered once daily in patients with chronic venous disease (CVD), which turned out to be associated with a rapid reduction in leg pain throughout the 8-week treatment period. Flavonoids are derivatives of 2-phenyl-benzo-γ-pyrone. A common part in the chemical structure of all flavonoids is the carbon skeleton based on the flavane system (C6-C3-C6), formed from

Joanna Szala-Rycaj, Mirosław Zagaja, Aleksandra Szewczyk, Marta Andres-Mach

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 81 , ISSUE 2, 95–104

research-article | 30-November-2018

Structural and Contextual Patterns in Family Health History Knowledge among African American Adults: A Mixed-Methods Social Network Analysis Study*

. FHH and Disease Risk FHH is an important, but often underestimated, aspect of disease risk. FHH includes any health conditions or illnesses that a person’s biological relatives have been diagnosed with or that run in a person’s family. Individuals are more likely to develop certain chronic diseases if they have a family history of those conditions, especially among close relatives (Annis, Caulder, Cook, & Duquette, 2005). For example, having one first-degree female relative (sister, mother

Sula M. Hood, Elizabeth H. Golembiewski, Hadyatoullaye Sow, Kyle Benbow, Jeremy Prather, Lisa D. Robison, Elisabeth Martin-Hagler

Journal of Social Structure, Volume 20 , ISSUE 3, 96–118

Case report | 13-September-2016

The value of ultrasound in the diagnosis of limited scleroderma – a case report

Systemic sclerosis, popularly referred to as scleroderma, is a chronic connective tissue disease with present autoantibodies against platelet-derived growth factor receptor. These antibodies activate directly fi broblasts causing the dermis and internal organs’ fi brosis and vascular damage. Additionally, calcifi c collections, including hydroxyapatite crystals, may develop in subcutaneous tissue and juxta-articular soft tissue. Herein, we report a case of a 72-year-old woman, referred by a

Grzegorz Pracoń, Mateusz Płaza, Marta Walentowska-Janowicz, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 62, 326–331

Research Article | 27-February-2017

Health initiatives to target obesity in surface transport industries: Review and implications for action

Lifestyle-related chronic diseases pose a considerable burden to the individual and the wider society, with correspondingly negative effects on industry. Obesity is a particular problem for the Australasian road and rail industries where it is associated with specific cardiac and fatigue-related safety risks, and levels are higher than those found in the general population. Despite this recognition, and the introduction of National Standards, very little consensus exists regarding approaches to

Janine Chapman, Anjum Naweed

Evidence Base, Volume 2015 , ISSUE 2, 1–20

Research paper | 01-August-2017

The effects of edaravone in ketamine-induced model of mania in rats

Bipolar disorder is a chronic disease characterized by recurring episodes of mania and depression that can lead to disability. This study investigates the protective effects of edaravone (3-methyl-1-phenyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one), a drug with well-known antioxidant properties, in a model of mania induced by ketamine in rats. Locomotor activity was assessed in the open-field test. Superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) levels were measured in

Filiz Civil Arslan, Ahmet Tiryaki, Mehmet Yıldırım, Evrim Özkorumak, Ahmet Alver, İlkay Keleş Altun, İmran İnce, Öznur Gedikli

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 76 , ISSUE 3, 192–198

Editorial | 13-September-2016

Editorial Comment on: D. Schreiber-Dietrich, M. Pohl, X.W. Cui, B. Braden, C.F. Dietrich, L. Chiorean Perihepatic lymphadenopathy in children with chronic viral hepatitis

Katarzyna Gruszczyńska, Jan Baron

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 62, –

Review | 31-July-2017

The physiology of blood platelets and changes of their biological activities in multiple sclerosis

sclerosis, but their role appears to be neglected. Platelets contribute to the inflammation and cooperate with immune cells in inflammatory and immune responses. These blood cells were identified in inflamed spinal cord and in the brain in chronic active lesions of multiple sclerosis and in the related animal models referred as Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis. This review summarizes recent insights in the platelet activation accompanied by the exocytosis of bioactive compounds stored in

Barbara Wachowicz, Agnieszka Morel, Elżbieta Miller, Joanna Saluk

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 76 , ISSUE 4, 269–281

research-article | 15-October-2020

Serum levels of hepcidin and interleukin 6 in Parkinson’s disease

INTRODUCTION The pathology of Parkinson’s disease (PD) is considered to be multifactorial. In addition to causing alterations in protein transformation, genetic defects and mitochondrial disfunction, the disease also induces chronic neuroinflammation and elevated oxidative stress processes. Neurodegeneration in PD is associated with complex relationships between immune-inflammatory pathways and peripheral tissues. Evidence for peripheral and central chronic inflammation in patients with PD

Jolanta Kwiatek-Majkusiak, Maciej Geremek, Dariusz Koziorowski, Ryszard Tomasiuk, Stanisław Szlufik, Andrzej Friedman

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 80 , ISSUE 3, 297–304

Case report | 01-December-2019

Red blood cell phenotype matching for various ethnic groups

Patients requiring chronic transfusion support are at risk of alloimmunization after red blood cell (RBC) transfusion because of a disparity between donor and recipient antigen profiles. This research explored the probability of obtaining an exact extended phenotype match between blood donors randomly selected from our institution and patients randomly selected from particular ethnic groups. Blood samples from 1,000 blood donors tested by molecular method were evaluated for the predicted

Karafa S.W. Badjie, Craig D. Tauscher, Camille M. van Buskirk, Clare Wong, Sarah M. Jenkins, Carin Y. Smith, James R. Stubbs

Immunohematology, Volume 27 , ISSUE 1, 12–19

Review Article | 30-March-2018

Diabetic foot syndrome: Charcot arthropathy or osteomyelitis? Part I: Clinical picture and radiography

osteopenia, lytic lesions, cortical destruction, periosteal reactions as well as, in the chronic phase, osteosclerosis and sequestra. Neurogenic arthropathy, however, presents an image resembling rapidly progressing osteoarthritis combined with aseptic necrosis or inflammation. The image includes: bone destruction with subluxations and dislocations as well as pathological fractures that lead to the presence of bone debris, osteopenia and, in the later phase, osteosclerosis, joint space narrowing

Aleksandra Konarzewska, Anna Korzon-Burakowska, Ludomira Rzepecka-Wejs, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Edyta Szurowska, Michał Studniarek

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 72, 42–49

Research paper | 06-February-2018

Nicorandil attenuates neuronal mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress associated with murine model of vascular calcification

Evidences suggest that the presence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with cerebrovascular diseases related cognitive decline in dialysis patients. As mitochondrial dysfunction is implicated in neurodegenerative disorders, we hypothesized that changes in brain mitochondria occur due to vascular calcification induced by renal failure and the opening of the mitochondrial potassium channel using nicorandil may prevent its dysfunction. Brain tissues from rats with vascular calcification

Sriram Ravindran, Krithika Swaminathan, Abhinaya Ramesh, Gino A. Kurian

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 77 , ISSUE 1, 57–67

Research paper | 06-February-2018

Marble burying as compulsive behaviors in male and female mice

receptor or a “pure” inhibitor of the serotonin transporter, escitalopram, that has been reported to be particularly effective in OCD. A burying paradigm that more precisely mimics the human condition was used, e.g., testing in the home environment, chronic drug exposure and acknowledging individual differences by pre-selecting for high marble burying. Results were that there were no sex differences in groups treated with drugs or in control mice. Both diazepam and escitalopram decreased numbers of

George T. Taylor, Sandra Lerch, Sabine Chourbaji

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 77 , ISSUE 3, 254–260

research-paper | 12-August-2019

Modulation of catalase, copper and zinc in the hippocampus and the prefrontal cortex in social isolation-induced depression in male rats

extracellular fluid, increased copper in serum may be indicative of impaired neuronal transport of copper. In line with this study’s findings, copper levels have been found to be elevated depressed patients (Ni et al., 2018). An additional study, investigating chronic treatment with an antidepressant, found the zinc to copper ratio to be an important factor in predicting the outcome of depression (Mlyniec et al., 2014).Our results suggests that copper is an antagonist to zinc in depressed rats and suggest

Hamidreza Famitafreshi, Morteza Karimian

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 79 , ISSUE 2, 184–192

research-article | 06-April-2020

Moderate exercise prevents the cell atrophy caused by hypothyroidism in rats

Carmen Martínez-Salazar, Iván Villanueva, Jorge Pacheco-Rosado, Claudia Alva-Sánchez

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 80 , ISSUE 1, 47–56

review-article | 18-June-2021

Ultrasound-guided injections in pelvic entrapment neuropathies

intermittent, but later pain usually becomes constant and more intense(3). Entrapment neuropathies in the pelvic region represent a group of chronic pain syndromes that significantly impede the quality of life and affect both genders(4). The nerves most frequently causing entrapment neuropathies in the pelvic region are the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve, ischiadic nerve, genitofemoral nerve, pudendal nerve, ilioinguinal nerve, and obturator nerve (Fig. 1)(5). Entrapment neuropathies in the pelvic region

Urša Burica Matičič, Rok Šumak, Gregor Omejec, Vladka Salapura, Žiga Snoj

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 85, e139–e146

Article | 10-June-2019

ANALYSIS OF SELECTED GENETIC TRAITS, PHENOTYPES, AND THE EPIDEMIOLOGICAL THREAT OF ENTEROCOCCUS BACTERIA RESISTANT TO VANCOMYCIN

antibiotics with a broad spectrum of action [4]. The group of elevated risk includes patients with proliferative diseases, chronic liver diseases and recipients of transplanted organs. Due to the high resistance of enterococci to disinfectants and antiseptics, these bacteria are most often transported on the surface of the hands of medical personnel in hospitals [1]. Of great significance is the fact that Enterococcus bacteria can survive on hands for even up to 60 minutes [10]. The transfer of bacteria

Wojciech Rogóż, Daniel Sypniewski, Ilona Bednarek

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 58 , ISSUE 1, 35–48

Case report | 14-October-2020

Case report: four donors with granulocyte-specific or HLA class I antibodies implicated in a case of transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI)

A 54-year-old female patient with a history of chronic liver disease and portal hypertension was admitted for an elective cholecystectomy. Preoperative evaluation revealed a prolonged prothrombin time of 17.4 seconds (control 12 to 15.5 seconds). Six units of fresh frozen plasma (FFP) were prescribed after failure of correction of the coagulopathy with intravenous vitamin K (10 mgs). During infusion of the fifth unit of FFP, the patient became acutely dyspneic. Arterial blood gas analysis

A. Davoren, O.P. Smith, C.A. Barnes, E. Lawler, R.G. Evans, G.F. Lucas

Immunohematology, Volume 17 , ISSUE 4, 117–121

Original Paper | 09-August-2017

Grayscale ultrasound characteristics of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease severity – an adult and pediatric cohort study

Introduction: The most common hereditary kidney condition is autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease. It is the cause of 5–10% of end-stage renal disease. Its symptoms are generally late-onset, typically leading to development of hypertension and chronic kidney disease. Ultrasonography is the imaging modality of choice in its diagnosis and management. The aim of this study is to determine the diagnostic value of grayscale ultrasound imaging in evaluating disease severity. Materials and

Marcin Strzelczyk, Michał Podgórski, Susan Afshari, Marcin Tkaczyk, Monika Pawlak-Bratkowska, Piotr Grzelak

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 69, 85–90

Research Article | 20-May-2019

THE ROLE OF STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS IN THE CLINICAL DIAGNOSIS OF DIABETIC PATIENTS

diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM2). However, the colonization by S. aureus is a probable risk factor for infection. Among S. aureus virulence factors, superantigens (SAgs) are essential for pathogenicity. The long-term effect of the superantigen toxic shock syndrome toxin-1 (TSST-1) might be glucose intolerance. This toxin also induces systemic inflammation as a result of the increased exotoxin concentration in blood, and, therefore, may be the causative factor of diabetes. Chronic exposure to

Renata Barbara Klekotka, Elżbieta Mizgała-Izworska, Witold Drzastwa2, Bogdan Mazur

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 57 , ISSUE 2, 166–178

research-article | 06-April-2020

Local field potential power spectra and locomotor activity following treatment with pseudoephedrine in mice

involvement of the striatum in movement, reward, learning and addiction. Differential temporal patterns of locomotor activity were also observed following acute or chronic subcutaneous and intraperitoneal injections of cocaine in rats (Yeh and Haertzen, 1991). However, cocaine was demonstrated to produce both conditioned place preference and increased locomotor activity; however, no significant correlation between conditioned place preference, acute locomotor activation, and locomotor sensitization was

Nusaib Sa-ih, Chayaporn Reakkamnuan, Nifareeda Samerphob, Dania Cheaha, Saree Niyomdecha, Ekkasit Kumarnsit

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 80 , ISSUE 1, 19–31

Original Paper | 10-September-2020

A behavioural modification intervention to reduce snack food consumption focusing on external situational cues: The case study you can't read between meals without ruining your appetite!

Currently, obesity is a leading threat to optimal health and wellbeing in Australia. Offsetting risks of acute and chronic disease and disability, a balanced diet offers a sound investment against premature morbidity and mortality commonly associated with obesity. Demonstrated empirically to lead to weight gain, consumption of snack foods lacking in nutritional value (“indulgences”) threatens a healthy lifestyle and is as prevalent as 90% in some populations. Thus, finding strategies

Nicola Brewer

Eat, Sleep, Work, Volume 1 , ISSUE 1, 65–71

research-article | 18-December-2020

Ultrasonography, MRI and classic radiography of skin and MSK involvement in juvenile scleroderma

Introduction Scleroderma is a rheumatic disease that affects both children and adults, with the estimated annual incidence rate of 1.4–5.6 per 100.000 in adults, and 1–3 per 100.000 children(1,2). Juvenile scleroderma (JS) is a rare, chronic disease with an autoimmune background that affects the connective tissue by excessive collagen production(3). Girls are nearly 4 times more frequently affected than boys(4). There are two main types of JS: juvenile localized scleroderma (jLS) and juvenile

Marta Idzior, Maria Sotniczuk, Emil Michalski, Piotr Gietka, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 83, 311–317

Report | 16-March-2020

D+ platelet transfusions in D– patients: cause for concern?

after transfusion. No patients were shown to make anti-D after platelet transfusion. There was no evidence of D alloimmunization as a result of transfusion of D+ platelets in any D– patient during this study. The data do not support the practice of restricting D– patients to receiving only D– apheresis platelets, even among patients with chronic transfusion requirements. Prophylactic use of RhIG for D+ apheresis platelet transfusions in D– patients also appears to be

Angela N. Bartley, John B. Carpenter, Mary P. Berg

Immunohematology, Volume 25 , ISSUE 1, 5–8

review-article | 18-June-2021

Ultrasound-guided musculoskeletal interventional procedures around the elbow, hand and wrist excluding carpal tunnel procedures

common entrapment neuropathy of the upper extremity after carpal tunnel syndrome, with an incidence of 24.7 cases per 100,000 per year(13). The nerve is compressed at the level of the cubital tunnel, a fibro-osseous tunnel formed by the olecranon process laterally, medial epicondyle medially, elbow joint capsule anteriorly, and Osborne’s retinaculum posteriorly. The shape of the cubital tunnel changes with elbow flexion and external factors, resulting in chronic pressure and consequent tunnel

Silvia Tortora, Carmelo Messina, Domenico Albano, Francesca Serpi, Angelo Corazza, Gianpaolo Carrafiello, Luca Maria Sconfienza, Salvatore Gitto

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 85, e169–e176

Case report | 10-January-2018

A Neurological Integrated Care Pathway

community neurological support service, with high levels of patient satisfaction. In this case the NICP achieved best value from existing resources and provided a viable model of service delivery for chronic neurological conditions.

Kathleen McCoy, Harriet Chan

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 25 , ISSUE 2, 25–29

Case report | 25-January-2018

A Neurological Integrated Care Pathway

community neurological support service, with high levels of patient satisfaction. In this case the NICP achieved best value from existing resources and provided a viable model of service delivery for chronic neurological conditions.

Kathleen McCoy, Harriet Chan

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 26 , ISSUE 1, 38–43

Original Paper | 19-December-2016

The quality of life of children with epilepsy in Poland – the opinion of children and their parents

Background. Every chronic illness, including epilepsy, has a negative effect on both the quality of life of the sufferer as well as on their relationship with their surroundings. Aims. To investigate the quality of life of children suffering from epilepsy and analyse how they assessed and scored their experiences compared to their parents. Materials and methods. The study included 209 children with epilepsy and their parents. The research tool was a questionnaire for gathering demographic and

Dorota Talarska, Michał Michalak, Patrycja Talarska

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 24 , ISSUE 2, 105–113

original-paper | 27-March-2019

Bioactive Compounds of Pseudoalteromonas sp. IBRL PD4.8 Inhibit Growth of Fouling Bacteria and Attenuate Biofilms of Vibrio alginolyticus FB3

NOR AFIFAH SUPARDY, DARAH IBRAHIM, SHARIFAH RADZIAH MAT NOR, WAN NORHANA MD NOORDIN

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 68 , ISSUE 1, 21–33

research-article | 30-November-2018

Dexamethasone induces alterations of slow wave oscillation, rapid eye movement sleep and high-voltage spindle in rats

treatment. Hypnograms were created to display dynamic appearances of sleep-wake parameters which included awake, slow wave sleep (SWS) and rapid eye movement (REM) in time domain (Fig. 3A). Time fragments of each parameter during a 2-hr period of recording were summed. Total times spent in awake periods, SWS and REM sleep were analyzed and expressed as percent of total (Fig. 3B). The results showed that chronic dexamethasone exposure significantly decreased the percentage of REM sleep (Dx=1.22±2.04 and

Acharaporn Issuriya, Ekkasit Kumarnsit, Chayaporn Reakkamnuan, Nifareeda Samerphob, Pornchai Sathirapanya, Dania Cheaha

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 79 , ISSUE 3, 252–261

Article | 22-November-2020

Cefotetan-induced immune hemolytic anemia due to the drug-adsorption mechanism

Positive direct antiglobulin tests (DATs) associated with cephalosporin therapy have been reported, but rarely were associated with immune hemolytic anemia (IHA). In 1989, we described the first case of IHA associated with cefotetan (Cefotan™) causing hemolysis by the drug-adsorption mechanism. We now report the full details of our investigation. The patient was a 23-year-old female with a 2 1/2 year history of chronic ulcerative colitis. After 4 days of therapy with cefotetan (2 g/day

Robert J. Eckrich, Susan Fox, Delores Mallory

Immunohematology, Volume 10 , ISSUE 2, 51–54

Case report | 18-October-2018

Widespread cortical PET abnormalities in an adolescent related to a PNES dissociative state, PTSD, ADHD, and domestic violence exposure

medial parts of the posterior parietal lobe. In the dissociative state, there was a slight increase in the metabolism of the brain globally compared with the resting state, but with identical distribution of the regional changes observed.Conclusions:Widespread cortical PET abnormalities were found, possibly indicating alterations in large-scale brain networks, in a patient with PNES and a dissociative state, PTSD, and ADHD, who was exposed to chronic domestic violence

Dejan Stevanovic, Leposava Brajkovic, Madhur Kumar Srivastava, Ivan Krgovic, Jasna Jancic

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 6 , ISSUE 2, 98–106

Review Paper | 30-September-2016

The epileptic multifactorial patient’s burden. Review of the topic

. Generalized tonic-clonic seizures and refractory epilepsy are the most important factors burdening PWE’s, resulting in increased injuries and mortality, including Sudden Unexpected Death in Epilepsy (SUDEP). The need of chronic intake of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) and of epilepsy surgery are also important with regards to potential for side effects, drug interactions, and different surgery risks. PWE harbour more medical and psychiatric comorbidities than the general population and results in a

José Pimentel

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 24 , ISSUE 2, 167–172

research-article | 30-November-2020

Regular aerobic exercise increased VEGF levels in both soleus and gastrocnemius muscles correlated with hippocampal learning and VEGF levels

reactive oxygen species production. The literature suggests that skeletal muscle fibers are exposed to oxidative stress and elevated antioxidant levels by aerobic exercise. However, these studies mostly utilized heavy exercise protocols (Alessio et al., 1988; Mousavi et al., 2020). Chronic moderate aerobic exercise increases some antioxidant enzyme activities in type-2 fibers, whereas the activities of others did not change or decreased (Abruzzo et al., 2013). Additionally, our study determined that

Asli Karakilic, Oguz Yuksel, Servet Kizildag, Ferda Hosgorler, Birsu Topcugil, Rabia Ilgin, Hikmet Gumus, Guven Guvendi, Basar Koc, Sevim Kandis, Mehmet Ates, Nazan Uysal

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 81 , ISSUE 1, 1–9

research-article | 30-November-2018

Alteration of oxidative stress markers and behavior of rats in a novel model of depression

model of olfactory bulb removal (Fuchs and Fliugge, 2006), chronic unpredictable stress (Willner, 1997), and “learned helplessness” (Valvassori et al., 2013). The second group is based on animal models that mimic emotional/psychological stress and therefore relies on naturalistic approaches, such as repeated social defeat (Nestler and Hyman 2010; Chaouloff, 2013), social isolation (Lapiz et al., 2001), housing in a deficient cage environment (Baram et al., 2012) or conditions of social instability

Anna Gorlova, Dmitrii Pavlov, Eugene Zubkov, Yana Zorkina, Anatoly Inozemtsev, Anna Morozova, Vladimir Chekhonin

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 79 , ISSUE 3, 232–238

research-article | 18-December-2020

Usefulness of high-frequency ultrasound to assess the healing progress of shin ulcers

Introduction Chronic shin ulcer is a chronic wound with complete skin loss which does not heal within 6–8 weeks or its surface does not decrease to a significant extent (by 20–40%) within 2–4 weeks. The prevalence of shin ulcers increases with age; they are found in 0.6–3% of patients aged over 60 and in 5% of patients aged over 80(1). As the average lifespan becomes longer, the number of chronic shin ulcers is rising, which is slowly becoming a societal problem. The most common causes of

Agnieszka Krauze, Witold Woźniak, Robert Krzysztof Mlosek

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 83, 254–260

Article | 16-November-2020

A method to detect McLeod phenotype red blood cells

It is important to identify the McLeod phenotype in order to differentiate the McLeod syndrome from other causes of acanthocytosis, e.g., chorea acanthocytosis. A proportion of males with the McLeod phenotype have X-linked chronic granulomatous disease. Because anti-Kx + -Km, which is needed for identification, is not readily available, detection of the McLeod phenotype relies on observed weakening of Kell antigens on the individual’s red blood cells (RBCs). Identification of McLeod

Ragnhild Øyen, Marion E. Reid, Pablo Rubinstein, Harold Ralph

Immunohematology, Volume 12 , ISSUE 4, 160–163

research-paper | 18-June-2021

Ultrasound shear wave elastography of the anterior talofibular and calcaneofibular ligaments in healthy subjects

lateral ankle sprains commonly occur during plantar flexion and inversion with excessive ankle supination(8). The majority of low lateral ankle sprains are related to the ATFL(7,9), with the remainder being the combination of the ATFL and CFL. The PTFL is most frequently damaged in frank dislocations. Low lateral ankle sprains not only have a high prevalence but can lead to complications and increased healthcare burden. They have a high rate of recurrence and can develop into chronic ankle instability

Lana H. Gimber, L Daniel Latt, Chelsea Caruso, Andres A. Nuncio Zuniga, Elizabeth A. Krupinski, Andrea S. Klauser, Mihra S. Taljanovic

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 85, e86–e94

Review Article | 31-March-2017

The standards of an ultrasound examination of the prostate gland. Part 2

to pain ailments. The indication for performing the examination in acute inflammation is the suspicion of prostate abscess. In chronic, exacerbating prostatitis it is possible to perform an intraprostatic antibiotic injection. In the recent years increased morbidity and detectability of prostate gland cancer is observed among men. In Poland it ranks second (13%) among diseases occurring in men. The indication for an endorectal examination is the necessity to assess the size of the prostate gland

Janusz F. Tyloch, Andrzej Paweł Wieczorek

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 68, 43–58

case-report | 23-November-2017

Lubag Syndrome (X-linked Dystonia Parkinsonism) Case Study of Mr G. Infante

slowing of gait. Mr Infante ignored these symptoms at the time, considering them as fatigue related to work. At age forty-one Mr Infante’s symptoms worsened and he developed a resting tremor, dystonic posturing of his upper left limb, as well as torticollis; typical of the progression of the disease process. By the age of forty-six, a continued deterioration of symptoms led to constant tongue protrusion causing dysarthria and dysphagia. During this period Mr Infante also suffered worsening chronic

Vincent Cheah

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 27 , ISSUE 1, 7–10

Article | 14-October-2020

Intravenous Rh immune globulin prevents alloimmunization in D– granulocyte recipients but obscures the detection of an alloanti-K

; recipients received multiple D+ granulocyte transfusions from D+ donors and multiple injections of intravenous RhIG at a standard dose of 600 μg for each D+ transfusion. Two D– males with chronic granulomatous disease were given 32 and 13 daily granulocyte transfusions, 18 and 2 of which, respectively, were D+. After the first dose of intravenous RhIG, both patients exhibited circulating anti-D that was undetectable 3 to 4 years later. Two patients with severe aplastic anemia were given 5 and 14

D.F. Stroncek, J.L. Procter, L. Moses, C. Bolan, G.J. Pomper, C. Conry-Cantilens, H.L. Malech, H.G. Klein, S.F. Leitman

Immunohematology, Volume 17 , ISSUE 2, 37–41

Case report | 26-October-2019

Anti-Jk3 in a Filipino man

A 62-year-old Filipino man with a history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia was admitted to the emergency department at Hospital A with recurrent fevers, weakness, and jaundice. The patient was evaluated and eventually discharged with a diagnosis of possible drug-induced hepatitis. One month later, the patient was admitted to Hospital B for recurrent fevers and weakness. The patient’s hemoglobin was 3.8 g/dL. Six units of packed red blood cells

Shaina McCaskill, Scott Wise, Sheila Tinsley

Immunohematology, Volume 31 , ISSUE 3, 119–122

Report | 26-October-2019

Red cell antigen prevalence predicted by molecular testing in ethnic groups of South Texas blood donors

Alloimmunization to red blood cell antigens is seen in patients receiving chronic blood transfusion. Knowing the prevalence of blood group antigens of the different ethnicities of South Texas donors can provide better management of rare blood inventory for patients in this geographical area. A total of 4369 blood donors were tested and analyzed for various antigens in the following blood group systems: ABO, Rh, Kell, Duffy, Kidd, MNS, Lutheran, Dombrock, Landsteiner-Wiener, Diego, Colton, and

Lorena I. Aranda, Linda A. Smith, Scott Jones, Rachel Beddard

Immunohematology, Volume 31 , ISSUE 4, 166–173

Review | 29-June-2016

Standards for the assessment of salivary glands – an update

particular emphasis on lesions indicating high risk of malignancy. In acute bacterial inflammation, the salivary glands appear as hypoechoic, enlarged or normal-sized, with increased parenchymal flow. The echogenicity is significantly increased in viral infections. Degenerative lesions may be seen in chronic inflammations. Hyperechoic deposits with acoustic shadowing can be visualized in lithiasis. Parenchymal fibrosis is a dominant feature of sialosis. Sjögren syndrome produces different pictures of

Piotr Zajkowski, Aleksandra Ochal-Choińska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 65, 175–190

research-article | 30-November-2020

Diagnostic value of shear wave velocity in polycystic ovarian syndrome

this syndrome, describing the ovaries as rubbery and naming the condition “hyperthecosis” to reflect chronic anovulation(8). Chronic anovulation is a vicious cycle with stromal tissue producing more androgens, leading to follicles to rest in the antral stage, not progressing to the preantral stage, or not being able to gain dominance due to hypoestrogenic inner environment. We conducted this study to gain insights into the elasticity pattern and SWV in PCOS ovaries. The primary outcome measure was

Turkan Gursu, Halime Cevik, Güldeniz Aksan Desteli, Birnur Yilmaz, Tevfik Berk Bildaci, Alper Eraslan

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 87, 277–281

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