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Research Article | 02-November-2017

A Robot Succeeds in 100% Mirror Image Cognition

to the use of “human hands and feet.” From this result, the mirror image can be judged to “exist closer to the self than a part of the self” and can in fact be considered a “self.” I thought that the result of these experiments indicated that mirror image cognition of the robot succeeded completely and that this would be the “first example toward explaining physically the mirror image cognition capability of humans.” This paper details logical and physical explanations for achieving the results

Junichi Takeno

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 1 , ISSUE 4, 891–911

Article | 11-March-2018

The Power of Social Cognition

As human beings, we understand and make sense of the social world using social cognition. Social cognitions are cognitive processes through which we understand, process, and recall our interactions with others. Most agent-based models do not account for social cognition; rather, they either provide detailed models of task-related cognition or model many actors and focus on social processes. In general, the more cognitively realistic the models, the less they explain human social behavior and

Geoffrey P. Morgan, Kenneth Joseph, Kathleen M. Carley

Journal of Social Structure, Volume 18 , ISSUE 1, –

Research Article | 30-November-2013

How do Girls with Low Functioning Autism Compare to Boys with Autism and Typically Developing Girls with regard to Behavior, Cognition, and Psychopathology?

The female autism spectrum disorder (ASD) phenotype is currently underresearched. Girls with ASD may differ from boys with ASD, yet few studies have tested this hypothesis, particularly among low functioning individuals. This study compared girls and boys with predominantly low functioning ASD and typically developing girls during middle and late childhood across autism symptoms, cognition, sensory overresponsivity, and co-occurring psychopathology.Three mental-age–matched groups were compared

Camilla Nguyen, Angelica Ronald

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 2 , ISSUE 2, 55–65

Research paper | 25-July-2017

BDNF gene polymorphisms and haplotypes in relation to cognitive performance in Polish healthy subjects

The brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a neurotrophin that plays an important role in the cell survival, axonal and dendritic growth, and synaptic plasticity. BDNF gene polymorphisms, functional Val66Met mainly, were shown to influence human brain structure and cognition. The aim of the study was to assess the relationship between twelve BDNF gene variants and their haplotypes and cognitive performance measured using the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST), the Trail

Monika Wiłkość, Agnieszka Szałkowska, Maria Skibińska, Ludmiła Zając-Lamparska, Małgorzata Maciukiewicz, Aleksander Araszkiewicz

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 76 , ISSUE 1, 43–52

Research Article | 30-November-2014

Nonverbal Reasoning in Preschool Children: Investigating the Putative Risk of Secondhand Smoke Exposure and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder as a Mediator

Duneesha De Alwis, Mini Tandon, Rebecca Tillman, Joan Luby

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 3 , ISSUE 2, 115–125

research-article | 24-June-2021

The neural substrates of diminished humor comprehension in schizophrenia and its relationship with psychopathology

INTRODUCTION Disturbance in humor, as a part of a figurative language deficit, is considered a key feature of schizophrenia and has been widely studied on the behavioral level (Corcoran et al., 1997; Marjoram et al., 2005a, 2005b; Bozikas et al., 2007; Tsoi et al., 2008; Adamczyk et al., 2017). It is believed that the humor comprehension difficulties stem from problems in semantic cognition, e.g., set shifting of semantic meaning in a given linguistic context in which patients with

Martin Jáni, Olga Płonka, Artur Daren, Piotr Błądziński, Aneta Kalisz, Mirosław Wyczesany, Przemysław Adamczyk

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 81 , ISSUE 2, 95–104

Article | 07-April-2018

Behavior Control Algorithm for Mobile Robot Based on Q-Learning

In order to adapt to navigation in unknown environment, the mobile robot must have intelligent abilities, such as environment cognition, behavior decision and learning. The navigation control algorithm is researched based on Q learning method in this paper. Firstly, the corresponding environment state space is divided. The action sets mapping with states are set. And the reward function is designed which combines discrete reward returns and continuous reward. The feasibility of this algorithm

Shiqiang Yang, Congxiao Li

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls, Volume 2 , ISSUE 1, 108–114

Article | 16-April-2018

O&M Environmental Complexity Scale

higher level of cognition and engagement from the traveller. O&M specialists and researchers are invited to trial the O&M Environmental Complexity Scale, and to contribute to refining this research tool.    

Lil Deverell, B.Ed., Grad.Dip. O&M, M.Ed.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility, Volume 4 , ISSUE 1, 64–77

case-report | 13-November-2017

Improving oral hygiene for stroke patients

Introduction: Oral hygiene is an important aspect of nursing care amongst stroke patients. The benefits of effective oral hygiene include improving cleanliness, removing debris and plaque, preventing complications which would result in increased hospital length of stay (Özden et al, 2013). Patients are able to eat and chew comfortably ensuring adequate nutritional intake with adequate oral hygiene (Chan & Hui-Ling, 2012). However, oral health is poor in this setting due to reduced cognition

Caroline Woon

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 27 , ISSUE 1, 11–13

research-article | 30-November-2018

Considering Causes for Hypoactive Delirium

Introduction Delirium was defined by the American Psychiatric Association as a mental disorder characterized by an abnormal state of cognition and awareness (American Psychiatric Association, 1987). Additional delirium features include disorientation, inattention, misperception and hallucinations (American Psychiatric Association, 1987). Delirium subtypes (hypoactive, hyperactive and mixed) were identified in 1983, by Lipowski (Lipowski, 1983). The hypoactive subtype is frequently called “pure

Malissa A Mulkey, Sonya R Hardin, DaiWai M Olson, Cindy L Munro, Erik Everhart

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 29 , ISSUE 1, 9–16

research-article | 07-July-2020

Effects of sex steroid hormones on memory

than in men (Lavalaye et al., 2000; Mozley et al., 2001; Staley et al., 2001). Healthy women, compared to men, may show higher presynaptic dopaminergic tone in ST, and bigger extra striatal DA receptor density and availability (Kaasinen, 2001; Laasko et al., 2002). Even if less studied, differences between men and women have been reported also for other receptor systems, such as the Ach system (involved in cognition, including memory processes), the GABAergic system (implicated in mood and memory

Assunta Pompili, Carla Iorio, Antonella Gasbarri

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 80 , ISSUE 2, 117–128

Research paper | 24-July-2017

Nonlinear dynamics analysis of the human balance control subjected to physical and sensory perturbations

vision and cognition during the standing were also interfered. Motion capturing was used to measure the lower limb joints and the CoM displacements. The CoM path length as a linear parameter was increased by elimination of vision (p<0.01) and adding a cognitive load (p<0.01). The CoM nonlinear metric FD was decreased due to the cognitive loads (p<0.001). The visual interference increased the FD of all joints when the task included the cognitive loads (p<0.01). The slightly positive LLE

Mohammed N. Ashtiani, Mahmood-reza Azghani

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 77 , ISSUE 2, 168–175

Article | 02-April-2020

Review of Network Technology System from the Past, Present to the Future

-emerging problems, new things, new technologies and new spaces in the process of intelligent network development? We all need to advance with the times to re-understand, redefine, re-explore and re-study it. We need to take the opportunity to seriously correct the deviation and mistakes in cognition and knowledge, and let the network users, the people across the country and our future generations know the facts in a practical way. II. ARCHITECTURE OF THE INTERNET It is generally believed that the

Chengjin Mou, Xiaohui Guo

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls, Volume 5 , ISSUE 1, 61–65

Research paper | 04-May-2018

Omitted Stimulus Potential depends on the sensory modality

Determining the characteristics of Omitted Stimulus Potential (OSP) parameters using different sensory modalities is important because they reflect timing processes and have a substantial influence on time perception. At the same time, the central mechanisms of time perception associated with sensory processing can modulate cortical brain waves related to cognition. This experiment tested the relationship between parameters of the whole OSP brain wave when trains of auditory, visual or

Oscar Hernando Hernández, Karla María Hernández-Sánchez

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 77 , ISSUE 4, 297–304

Research paper | 15-January-2019

Detrimental effects of chia (Salvia hispanica L.) seeds on learning and memory in aluminum chloride-induced experimental Alzheimer’s disease

Polyphenols and omega-3 fatty acids are thought to have beneficial effects in Alzheimer’s disease, the most common cause of dementia. Seeds of chia (Salvia hispanica L.) are highly rich in these nutrients, and thus, the present study investigated the effects of chia seeds on behavior and cognition in an aluminum-induced Alzheimer’s disease model in rats. Experimental animals received chia supplementation either during the generation of the model (i.e., pretreatment) or after the model was

Yasemin Bilgic, Enver Ahmet Demir, Nilufer Bilgic, Hatice Dogan, Okan Tutuk, Cemil Tumer

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 78 , ISSUE 4, 322–331

Original Paper | 31-March-2015

Variations in cognitive functioning in genetic generalized epilepsy: four case studies

Introduction. The traditional view of cognition in idiopathic or genetic generalized epilepsy (GGE) is that “one size fits all” i.e. only very mild generalized impairment might be detected, if any. This paper describes four case studies of cognitive functioning in GGE patients with photosensitivity and reflexive seizures. Aim. The aim was to discover whether each individual’s set of cognitive deficits varied in accordance with his/her other clinical phenomena such as

Evangelina E. Ballini, Edward Helmes, Bruce K. Schefft

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 23 , ISSUE 1, 25–37

research-article | 30-November-2019

Acute effect of energy boost dietary supplement on P3 waveform: double blind, placebo controlled study

INTRODUCTION Human cognition may be enhanced by energy drinks containing caffeine and/or other stimulants (such as taurine, vitamin B, guarana, yerba mate, acai, ginseng, maltodextrin, inositol, carnitine, creatine, glucuronolactone, and ginkgo biloba), which are thought to improve cognitive performance, alertness, mood, attentional performance, increase wakefulness, help maintain attentional focus, concentration, endurance information processing and vigilance, decrease fatigue, and reduce

Karina Maciejewska, Karolina Grabowska

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 80 , ISSUE 4, 411–423

research-article | 30-November-2019

Crocin acts as a neuroprotective mediator against methylphenidate-induced neurobehavioral and neurochemical sequelae: Possible role of the CREB-BDNF signaling pathway

treatment; indeed, previous studies have demonstrated that chronic MPH-induced locomotion and repetitive movements were due to a decrease in GABA transmission, whereas the GABAergic system was not significantly altered following acute MPH treatment (Freese et al., 2012; Goitia et al., 2013). Experimental studies have confirmed the potential effects of MPH on neurodegeneration of several brain areas including the hippocampus, which is involved in cognition and anxiety (Andreazza et al., 2007; Jones and

Andia Ebrahimzadeh, Sara Yousefi Moghadam, Hanieh Rahimi, Majid Motaghinejad, Manijeh Motevalian, Sepideh Safari, Mobina Abbasi Mesrabadi

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 79 , ISSUE 4, 352–366

Research Article | 30-November-2015

Collection of developmental history in the evaluation of schizophrenia spectrum disorders

describe a pair of self-report and parent-report instruments developed for the purpose of collecting the developmental history of patients with known or suspected schizophrenia spectrum disorders.Two developmental history instruments were designed for use in studies of brain morphology and cognition in schizophrenia probands and their unaffected siblings. The instruments focus mainly on motor abnormalities and other features that have been described as schizophrenia precursors.The Motor Skills History

Angela M. Reiersen

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 4 , ISSUE 1, 36–43

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