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As a transition country in the region of Central and Eastern Europe, Poland has experienced unprecedented changes in the fertility. Currently, the total fertility rate level is very low, ca. 1.3 children per woman, which is below the replacement level. Many studies have described changes in fertility based on the crosssectional approach. However, the changes of cohort fertility have been described not quite sufficiently. Our paper complements this gap by the assessment of stochastic fertility

Wioletta Grzenda, Ewa Frątczak

Statistics in Transition New Series , ISSUE 2, 315–330


A ten year longitudinal examination of the incidence rate and age of childhood encephalopathy diagnoses in an autism spectrum disorder diagnosed cohort

3.33 GHz, 6 cores, and 12 logical processors, with 44.0 GB of RAM, and utilizing Microsoft (Redmond, WA, USA) Windows 7 Ultimate operating system was used to examine the IHRD. Study Participants Fig. 1 presents a schematic flowchart of the IHRD data examined in the present study. A cohort of 8,440,941 persons of all ages with no changes or missing genders or dates of birth and eligible at specific times for Florida Medicaid from July 1990 through June 2009 was initially evaluated in this study

Janet K. Kern, David A. Geier, Kristin G. Homme, Mark R. Geier

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 1, 66–75

Original Paper

Antenatal corticosteroid treatment for the prevention of peri-intraventricular haemorrhage in preterm newborns: a retrospective cohort study using transfontanelle ultrasonography

Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the correlation between antenatal corticosteroids and peri-intraventricular haemorrhage (PIVH) using transfontanelle ultrasonography, as well as to evaluate the risk factors for its incidence. Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort study using medical records of preterm newborns. The protocol for maternal corticoid administration for foetal lung maturation included dexamethasone 4 mg (intramuscular) 8/8 hours per 48 hours, with one

Bianca A. Almeida, Livia T. Rios, Edward Araujo Júnior, Luciano M. Nardozza, Antonio F. Moron, Marília G. Martins

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 69, 91–95

Review Paper

Natural course of treated epilepsy and medico-social outcomes. Turku studies. Part II

remitting, uninterrupted by relapse (in 48%); a remitting-relapsing course (interrupted by relapses, in terminal remission) (19%); worsening course (early or late remission followed by drug-resistant epilepsy) (14%); and never in ≥5-year remission (drug resistance) (19%) The medical and social outcomes based on my unique, five decades followed cohort show that most subjects are in 10-year remission without medications, which is the definition of resolved epilepsy. Normal or subnormal IQ, non

Matti Sillanpää

Journal of Epileptology , ISSUE 1, 25–39

Research Article

Changes in the frequency and characteristics of children diagnosed with autistic disorder in two Norwegian cohorts: 1992 and 2009

the children when initial concerns were addressed and AD diagnoses made.Method:We compared the case records of children between the ages of 1 and 17 years who were residing in Nordland County, Norway, and who were diagnosed with AD during two different data collection periods: 1992 (Cohort 1) and 2009 (Cohort 2).Results:In Cohort 1, 28 children were diagnosed with AD; 71 children in Cohort 2 received AD diagnoses. The increase was greatest among children with intelligence quotient (IQ) values of

Sidsel Romhus, Gyro Aas Herder, Elisabeth Grindheim, Synnve Schjølberg, Patricia Howlin

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 3–12

Original Paper

Grayscale ultrasound characteristics of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease severity – an adult and pediatric cohort study

Marcin Strzelczyk, Michał Podgórski, Susan Afshari, Marcin Tkaczyk, Monika Pawlak-Bratkowska, Piotr Grzelak

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 69, 85–90

Research Article


care and for whom NEC was not suspected in this period. This reduction enables us to use summaries of the feeding regimen in this period as background variables in a potential outcomes framework. Large size of the cohort is a distinct advantage of our study. Its results inform the design of a randomised clinical trial for preventing NEC, and the choice of its active treatment(s) in particular.

Nicholas T. Longford

Statistics in Transition New Series , ISSUE 1, 87–117

Research Article

Health initiatives to target obesity in surface transport industries: Review and implications for action

preventative health for surface transport workers. A review of evidence regarding effective health promotion initiatives is urgently needed to inform best practice in this cohort. This review draws together research informing the scope and effectiveness of health promotion programs, initiatives and interventions targeting overweight and obesity in safety critical surface transport domains including the truck, bus and rail industries. A number of health interventions demonstrated measurable successes

Janine Chapman, Anjum Naweed

Evidence Base , ISSUE 2, 1–20

Original Paper

Incidence of intrauterine abnormalities in Pakistani women with unexplained infertility diagnosed via saline infusion sonography

Objective: To determine the frequency of intrauterine abnormalities in women with unexplained infertility using saline infusion sonography. Material and methods: This was a retrospective cohort study conducted at Aziz medical centre, Karachi, Pakistan between January and December 2015. The study population comprised of women with unexplained infertility who underwent saline infusion sonography as a part of their diagnostic workup. The frequency of uterine abnormalities in these women was

Rubina Izhar, Samia Husain, Suhaima Tahir, Sonia Husain

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 74, 186–192

Research Article

The relationship between child maltreatment and exposure to traumatic events during later adolescence and young adulthood

cohort of children born in 1984. A structured interview was conducted during which participants were asked about a range of traumatic and abusive experiences.Results:A response rate of 63% was achieved for a total sample size of 2980. Chi-squared analyses revealed significant relationships between all child maltreatment groups and direct exposure to 10 of the 13 traumatic events; there were also significant relationships between all child maltreatment groups and indirect exposure to 12 of the 13

Katie Schouwenaars, Siobhan Murphy, Ask Elklit

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 3, 115–122


The Multiplex Social Environments of Young Black Men Who Have Sex with Men: How Online and Offline Social Structures Impact HIV Prevention and Sex Behavior Engagement

uConnect (2013-2016), a longitudinal cohort study of YBMSM living in Chicago. The analysis featured here draws from data collected at Wave 2 of the study. This study was approved by the institutional review boards of the University of Chicago and the National Opinion Research Center (NORC) at the University of Chicago and was supported by grants from the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) and National Institute of Mental Heath (NIMH). Participants were recruited using a variant of classic link

Lindsay E. Young, Kayo Fujimoto, Leigh Alon, Liang Zhang, John A. Schneider

Journal of Social Structure , ISSUE 3, 70–95

Research paper

Age‑dependent concomitant changes in synaptic function and GABAergic pathway in the APP/PS1 mouse model

of the disruption documented in the glutamate system. To build on previous research in this field, experiments were designed to determine if previously documented synaptic dysfunction in AD models is concomitantly observed with excitation/inhibition imbalance as suggested by observation of seizure and seizure‑like pathology in such models. We report changes in synaptic function in aged APPPS1 mice not observable in the younger cohort. These changes in synaptic function are furthermore accompanied

Tutu Oyelami, An De Bondt, Ilse Van den Wyngaert, Kirsten Van Hoorde, Luc Hoskens, Hamdy Shaban, John A. Kemp, Wilhelmus H. Drinkenburg

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 4, 282–293


Long-term offspring epilepsy outcomes following planned assisted homebirth versus hospital birth

morbidity. According to Bolten et al. (2016), spontaneous deliveries were more likely and medical interventions fewer in homebirths than in hospital births. The existing literature on the risks for mother and offspring of planned homebirth vs hospital birth is limited to perinatal events. AIM Our aim was to study the long-term outcomes of offspring after planned homebirth in a cohort of patients with childhood-onset epilepsy, with special reference to mortality, cognitive disability, and seizure

Matti Sillanpää, Maiju M. Saarinen, Päivi Polo-Kantola

Journal of Epileptology , ISSUE 1-2, 7–14

Original Paper

New aspects in shear-wave elastography of prostate cancer

Aim: This study was designed to evaluate the performance of shear-wave elastography as a diagnostic tool for prostate cancer in a larger cohort of patients than previouslyreported. Patients and methods: Seventy-three patients with suspected prostate carcinoma were investigated by ultrasound elastography followed by directed biopsy. The elastographic and histological results for all biopsies were compared. Results: After exclusion of invalid and non-assessable results, 794 samples were obtained

Markus Porsch, Johann Jakob Wendler, Uwe-Bernd Liehr, Anke Lux, Martin Schostak, Maciej Pech

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 60, 5–14

Original Paper

Study of Patterns and Markers of Human Immune Deficiency Virus -1 (HIV-1) Progression and Unemployment Rate among Patients from Alexandria, Egypt

other CD4+ readings among the whole cohort and among the treated group. Also, VL at the end of the study; VL(2), was significantly higher than VL(1) among the untreated group. Unemployment rate was 40%. Male gender and obtaining vocational training were significant predictors of employment. It can be concluded that having a family member living with HIV and drug abusers are high risk groups for HIV acquisition. Factors responsible for progression of HIV should be further investigated. Antiretroviral

Faika M. Ghoneim, May M. Raouf, Noha S. Elshaer, Sarah M. Abdelhamid, Reem A. Noor Eldeen

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 4, 519–527

Research Article

Development of a Shortened Version of the Adolescent Stress Questionnaire (ASQ-S): construct validity and sex invariance in a large sample of Swedish adolescents

Background:Stressor experience is an important topic of research concerning adolescent health and ill-health. For this, valid and reliable measures of adolescent stress are needed. The Adolescent Stress Questionnaire 2 was developed to tap into stressor domains specific for adolescence. Psychometric evaluations in Australian and European samples have indicated adequate psychometric properties. However, the ASQ-2 is quite extensive, which may render its use in large cohort studies, where several

Malin K. Anniko, Katja Boersma, Nikil Ph. L. van Wijk, Don Byrne, Maria Tillfors

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 4–15


The role of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of occult scaphoid fractures

Abstract Background: Ultrasonography is widely utilized by emergency physicians and radiologists to diagnose various orthopaedic diseases, including fractures. We aim to derive a definitive estimate of the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasonography in clinically suspected scaphoid fractures. Methods: We undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis of included diagnostic cohort studies that discussed the use of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of occult scaphoid fractures. We searched the

Mohammed Ali, Mujtaba Ali, Ahmed Mohamed, Syed Mannan, Farshid Fallahi

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 75, 325–331

Research Article

Impairment in Young Preschool Children with Symptoms of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Co-occurring Oppositional Defiant Disorder and Conduct Disorder

were recruited from a population-based sample included in The Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study. Children who scored above the 90th percentile for ADHD symptoms were included in the present sample. The assessment of the symptoms and functional impairment described in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, text revision, was based on parental ratings and the semi-structured psychiatric interview entitled “The Preschool Age Psychiatric Assessment.”Added

Bothild Bendiksen, Heidi Aase, Elisabeth Svensson, Svein Friis, Anne Margrethe Myhre, Ted Reichborn-Kjennerud, Pål Zeiner

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 3, 95–105


Hallucinations and other psychotic symptoms in response to methylphenidate in children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a Cochrane systematic review with meta-analysis and trial sequential analysis#

55,603 participants (pooled prevalence, 1.2%; 95% confidence interval, 0.7 to 2.4). In the comparative cohort study, methylphenidate significantly increased the risk for any psychotic disorder by 36% (risk ratio, 1.36; 95% confidence interval, 1.17 to 1.57). The overall risk of bias was rated as critical for this study.Conclusions:Because of sparse data and low quality of evidence, we cannot confirm or refute whether methylphenidate increases the risk of psychotic symptoms in children and adolescents

Erica Ramstad, Ole Jakob Storebø, Trine Gerner, Helle B. Krogh, Mathilde Holmskov, Frederik L. Magnusson, Carlos R. Moreira-Maia, Maria Skoog, Camilla Groth, Donna Gillies, Morris Zwi, Richard Kirubakaran, Christian Gluud, Erik Simonsen

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 52–71

Research Article

A multicenter, randomized, controlled study of Training Executive, Attention, and Motor Skills (TEAMS) in Danish preschool children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: Rationale and description of the intervention and study protocol

participation in the trial. According to a calculation of the strength needed to result in a statistically significant outcome, the estimated group size should be, at minimum, 87 children. On the basis of Region Zealand’s visitation history records, the cohort is expected to include approximately 100 to 120 children.The intervention groups participate in eight weekly group sessions that consist of separate parent and children’s groups. The control groups receive the standard treatment program as outlined by

Helle Annette Vibholm, Jesper Pedersen, Anne Holm, Søren Krue

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 2–10


Is a fatty pancreas a banal lesion?

people, in whom the adiposis was detected in 16.5%, which is close to other cohort US examinations results.Dotychczas otłuszczenie trzustki wiązano głównie z otyłością i starzeniem się organizmu. Obecnie lista czynników patogenetycznych tego stanu wyraźnie się wydłużyła o choroby uwarunkowane genetycznie (mukowiscydoza, zespół Shwachmana i Diamonda oraz zespół Johansona i Blizzarda), zapalenia trzustki, zwłaszcza dziedziczne i obturacyjne, zaburzenia metaboliczne i hormonalne (hipertriglicerydemia

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 66, 273–280

Abstract Supplements

Special Abstract Supplement, Adelaide Sleep Retreat, 6th Annual Meeting, 2015

may be due to differences in the cognitive load associated with the task. While the BART involves simple decision-making, the IGT requires more complex cost-benefit analysis on which to base risk-taking decisions. This highlights the potential importance of cognitive load when examining the relationship between sleep loss and RTB. A quantitative investigation of factors associated with undiagnosed and diagnosed sleep apnoea in a male population cohort Justyna Polloka. a.University of Adelaide

Emily Duncanson, Binh Truong, Justyna Pollok, Scott Coussens, Charlotte Gupta, Zachariah Reuben Cross, Emily Watson, Yaroslava King, Bradley Smith, David Stevens

Eat, Sleep, Work , ISSUE 1, 91–102

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