appreciate subtle changes(4–8). In the subacute and chronic stages, ultrasound can be of value to follow up injured muscle during the healing process and identify complications that may require special treatment(4–8).
In addition to morphological features, ultrasound imaging combined with strain and shear wave elastography can also provide information on the mechanical properties of intact and diseased muscle tissue, thus allowing assessment of muscle biomechanics in the clinical setting(9–16). Strain
Eleni E. Drakonaki,
Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 77, 137–144
was transferred to the intensive care unit (ICU) with a suspected bowel obstruction and an aspiration pneumonia.
Do the benefits of Duodopa eclipse the complications?
Duodopa ® has been increasingly accepted as an effective treatment for troublesome motor fluctuations and dyskinesia for patients with advanced Parkinson’s Disease (Lang et al., 2016; Nyholm et al., 2008; Olanow et al., 2014).Oral administration of levodopa leads to variable plasma levels from erratic gastric emptying (Nyholm et al
Rachael Elizabeth Mackinnon
Australasian Journal of Neuroscience , ISSUE 2, 1–4
infections (LRTI) like bronchial pneumonia, are the leading cause of death in measles cases, particularly among children under 5 years of age (Li et al. 2015). Other serious complications, particularly among immunocompromised and malnourished children, include blindness, acute diarrhea, otitis media, encephalitis, and myocarditis (WHO 2016). One of the fatal complications related to measles is sub-acute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE), which is a progressive, disabling, and deadly brain disorder of the
Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 177–184
Polyagglutination is a rare and underdiagnosed condition, characterized by agglutination of red blood cells (RBCs) with almost all ABO-compatible adult sera. Polyagglutination can occur when a cryptantigen is exposed on RBCs via microbial enzyme activity. Because nearly all adults naturally produce antibodies against cryptantigens, transfusion of plasma can cause unexpected hemolysis and hematologic complications, such as thrombocytopenia and disseminated intravascular coagulation, in patients
Ryan P. Jajosky,
Lloyd O. Cook,
James F. Shikle,
Roni J. Bollag
Immunohematology , ISSUE 2, 51–55
Both acute and chronic infl ammation of the pancreas often lead to complications that nowadays can be resolved using endoscopic and surgical procedures. In many cases,intraoperative ultrasound examination (IOUS) enables correct assessment of the extent of the lesion, and allows for safe surgery, while also shortening its length. Aim of theresearch: At the authors’ clinic, intraoperative ultrasound is performed in daily practice. In this paper, we try to share our experiences in the application
Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 60, 56–71
Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 73, 152–157
Bacterial meningitis is a major diagnostic and therapeutic problem among children and neonates, with severe, rapidly progressing course and potentially life-threatening complications. Early antibacterial treatment is essential for the patient’s favorable prognosis. Cerebral imaging plays an important role in the diagnostic process alongside physical examination and laboratory tests. Magnetic resonance imaging is the gold standard for diagnosing bacterial meningitis. Because of limited
Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 72, 63–70
complications has been demonstrated . With the use of the established cell lines and animal models, the negative influence of IS on the proximal cells of the renal tubules causing their progressive damage has been proved. Interstitial fibrosis and glomerulosclerosis have also been observed . A study conducted by Leong et al. confirmed that in patients with CKD in stages I–IV the risk of the progression of kidney disease associated with high levels of IS is increased .
Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 237–245
Placental chorioangioma is the most common subtype of non-trophoblastic placental tumors. Other subtypes are very rare and usually associated with an uneventful course of pregnancy. Most chorioangiomas are small and of no clinical significance. Giant chorioangiomas may be associated with serious fetal and maternal complications. So far, no established ultrasound guidelines are available for the management of placental non-trophoblastic tumors. This may be attributed to the rarity of the disease
Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 69, 116–122
IntroductionConjoined twins are identical twins with fused bodies, joined in utero. They are rare complications of monochorionic twinning. The purpose of this study is to describe the various types of conjoined twins, the role of imaging and recent advances aiding in their management.Material and methodsThis was a twin institutional study involving 3 cases of conjoined twins diagnosed over a period of 6 years from 2010 to 2015. All the 3 cases were identified antenatally by ultrasound. Only one
Rishi Philip Mathew,
Ram Shenoy Basti,
Hadihally B. Suresh,
Prema D. Cunha,
Sujaya V. Rao
Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 71, 259–266
. Ms Z’s symptoms started at the age of sixteen. She experienced severe headaches when she coughed or laughed and was seen by a neurologist at the time but no clear diagnosis was made. Her symptoms continued and after multiple medical appointments, a diagnosis of Chiari Malformation was made. She had her first surgery in 2013 after which Ms Z reported her complications began to occur. She moved to New Zealand and started to get more unwell and presented to a rural emergency department (ED). She has
Australasian Journal of Neuroscience , ISSUE 1, 33–37
surveys identified knowledge gaps informing educational packages which were provided with a mobile Telehealth link. Outcome measures: Primary: Number of patients managed under the new model of care. Secondary: Length of stay, travel distance eliminated and complications. Results: 30 patients fitted with TLSO’s and managed under this model of care to date. Length of stay has reduced from 9.14 days pre intervention to 3.8 days post intervention. Approximate savings of $6840 per patient have been
Australasian Journal of Neuroscience , ISSUE 1, 7–9
Twin molar pregnancy with a hydatidiform mole and a coexisting live fetus is a rare form of gestational trophoblastic disease associated with an increased risk of obstetric complications and poor perinatal outcome. Prenatal diagnosis is essential for couple counseling and follow-up in Tertiary Reference Centers. Magnetic resonance imaging is important for the diagnostic differentiation of placental mesenchymal dysplasia and exclusion of myometrial invasion. Here we present a case of twin molar
Sue Yazaki Sun,
Joffre Amim Júnior,
Jorge Rezende Filho,
Edward Araujo Júnior
Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 71, 299–305
Infections of vascular grafts are the most severe complications in vascular surgery. We present the case of a 73-year-old male with infection of a dacron prosthesis with a strain of Enterococcus faecalis. The patient was treated with replacement of a full prosthesis with a combined graft constructed from Biosynthetic Vascular graft Omniflow and autologous veins. This graft is recommended for implantation in patients with a higher risk of infection. Our case is one of the first reported usage of
Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 4, 471–474
embolism is a rare complication of ERCP, with only few cases reported so far, usually with good outcomes. It can be associated with the more frequently encountered post-ERCP complications pancreatitis(1) or cholangitis(2). However, it can also be noted with perforation, when surgical exploration is usually necessary(3). Its sometimes-transient nature(4,5) strengthens the rationale for early transabdominal ultrasound, since its presence could be able to herald major post-procedural complications.
Theodor Alexandru Voiosu,
Andrada Viorela Gheorghe,
Radu Bogdan Mateescu,
Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 80, e67–e69
recovery of neurological functioning, complications such as seizures, risk of rebleeding, and de novo occurrence of other aneurysms are all significant concerns due to the risk of sudden incapacitation. This paper will examine the aeromedical factors particular to this case that influenced a favorable aeromedical decision-making outcome.
AM Gordon Cable
Journal of the Australasian Society of Aerospace Medicine , 19–21
Oral hygiene is an important aspect of nursing care amongst stroke patients. The benefits of effective oral hygiene include improving cleanliness, removing debris and plaque, preventing complications which would result in increased hospital length of stay (Özden et al, 2013). Patients are able to eat and chew comfortably ensuring adequate nutritional intake with adequate oral hygiene (Chan & Hui-Ling, 2012). However, oral health is poor in this setting due to reduced cognition
Australasian Journal of Neuroscience , ISSUE 1, 11–13
ultrasound with a sector echocardiography transducer: a triangular area of infarction in the spleen (also seen in computed tomography of the abdomen shown in Fig. 2A)
Owing to the size of the vegetation and the presence of embolic complications (including CNS involvement), the patient was deemed eligible for an urgent surgery for aortic valve replacement. The surgery proceeded without complications. At the same time, the results of preoperative blood cultures arrived. They revealed infection with
Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 80, 61–66
Port creation is one of the most common complications associated in endoscopic procedures.The focus of our study was to establish a reproducible method of determining the torque profile generated during body cavity entry using a Threaded Visual Cannula (TVC). A TVC was evaluated on 32 samples of foam media. A torque profile was generated by measuring the torque required to cannulate the foam media. Penetration of the media was captured by a digital imaging system. The
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 537–552
Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 101–110
. Nevertheless, they are conducted for early diagnosis, treatment monitoring and identifying complications. This article presents a spectrum of inflammatory changes and discusses the diagnostic value of ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging.
Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 70, 176–181
Maciej A. Karolczak,
Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 76, 75–79
The Orthomyxoviruses is a family of viruses with its most common representatives being the influenza viruses (A, B, C and D types), which constitute a significant clinical problem. Influenza is a disease affecting animals and people. It is transmitted by airborne droplets and manifestes itself with such symptoms as coughing, sneezing, muscle pain or fever. Influenza often leads to complications, including pneumonia and myocarditis. In the past, influenza viruses were responsible for pandemics
Mateusz Maciej Węclewicz,
Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 138–144
Juvenile spondyloarthropathies are manifested mainly by symptoms of peripheral arthritis and enthesitis. By contrast with adults, children rarely present with sacroiliitis and spondylitis. Imaging and laboratory tests allow early diagnosis and treatment. Conventional radiographs visualize late inflammatory lesions and post-inflammatory complications. Early diagnosis is possible with the use of ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging. The first part of the article presents
Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 70, 167–175
glands need a certain degree of surgical experience and are associated with various complications. Labial and parotid glandular tissue have comparable diagnostic potential(3), and adverse events following core needle biopsies of parotid gland masses in non-rheumatological settings are very rare(4). The development of ultrasonography to diagnose and evaluate salivary glands – especially parotid and submandibular glands – is emerging(5). As ultrasonography of the minor labial glands and biopsy of the
George A.W. Bruyn,
Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 77, 125–127
of aneurysm size and detection of potential complications in cases that are ineligible for treatment. The type of treatment depends on the size of an aneurysm, the course of the disease, risk of rupture and risk associated with surgery or endovascular procedure. Endovascular treatment is preferred in most cases. Aneurysms are excluded from the circulation using embolization coils, ethylene vinyl alcohol, stents, multilayer stents, stent grafts and histoacryl glue (or a combination of these
Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 73, 148–151
inflammation may explain a part of the hypoperfusion. There is also evidence of a lack of normal compensatory increase in blood flow when the subjects are challenged with a task. Some studies propose treatments that can address the hypoperfusion found among individuals diagnosed with an ASD, bringing symptom relief to some extent. This review will explore the evidence that indicates cerebral hypoperfusion in ASD, as well as the possible etiological aspects, complications, and treatments.
Janet K. Kern,
Mauricio A. Urbina,
Amira A. El-Houfey,
David A. Geier,
Mark R. Geier,
Jyutika A. Mehta,
Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 1, 21–29
chances of pregnancy loss up-to 15% when compared with general population(1,2). Due to the high prevalence of spontaneous miscarriage in this group of patients, a method that could predict pregnancy outcome in early gestation would be of great clinical advantage.
The introduction of high-frequency transvaginal color Doppler ultrasonography with spectral analysis has allowed evaluation of uteroplacental circulation in early pregnancy, abnormalities of which have been linked to pregnancy complications
Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 79, 255–260
the Mannheim consensus(3–6) published in 2007 and later revised, atherosclerotic plaque is defined as a focal structure that builds up into the arterial lumen to at least 0.5 mm or 50% of the surrounding intima-media thickness. The ability to evaluate plaque formation dynamics and its complications (including rupture and displacement) is a very important and not yet well-explored problem. Most patients with atherosclerotic plaque present no signs of vascular disorders, which means that most
Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 81, e135–e145
remission. Finally, we also discuss MRI of the spine in rheumatoid arthritis, which may help assess the presence of active inflammation and complications.
Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 68, 5–16
Ultrasonography, with its detailed imaging of the fetus, is very widely used in obstetrics. The primary aim of ultrasound scanning in pregnancy is to limit the risk of obstetric complications by early detection of abnormalities, such as intrauterine growth restriction and macrosomia. Currently, morphometric formulae are used for estimating fetal weight. They utilize basic biometric parameters. However, Hadlock formula, used for fetal weight estimation, has an error rate of 20%. For this reason
Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 72, 50–55
White matter injury is an important cause of functional disability of the brain. We comprehensively analyzed a modified endothelin-1 (ET-1) injection-induced white matter injury model in the rat which is very valuable for investigating the underlying mechanisms of subcortical ischemic stroke. ET-1 was stereotactically injected into the internal capsule of the rat. To avoid complications with leakage of ET-1 into the lateral ventricle, the safest trajectory angle to the target was established
Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 3, 212–224
Australasian Journal of Neuroscience , ISSUE 1, 32–43
et al. 2006). The frequency of such treatments in Poland is much lower. However, there is a lack of accurate data on the above problem on a national scale. The previous studies, which are yet not numerous, have shown that a percentage of the patients undergoing mastectomy and breast reconstruction may reach 22.4% (Tarkowski et al. 2017). However, the complications that accompany the introduction of the implant (expander, final prosthesis) remain a major challenge for oncological surgeons. The
Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 343–351
Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 301–315
veins (2.2%). There were no complications in any of the patients. Conclusions: Ultrasound is the preferred method in the diagnosis of varicoceles and selection for their treatment. Testicular vein embolization is a minimally invasive procedure characterized by high efficacy and safety.
Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 73, 90–95
performed after hip replacement surgeries is useful in the assessment of hematoma. The randomized study did not reveal statistically significant differences between the group with and without drainage, thus suggesting that this practice can be abandoned, except for selected cases. Due to a short hospital stay, it is recommended to conduct an ultrasound scan in addition to routine radiography and laboratory tests in order to reduce the risk of complications.
Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 70, 149–153
paracentesis at the median Ascites Index above 290 mm (range: 216–386 mm). In the patients with ovarian carcinoma, the median value of the Ascites Index at which paracentesis was required was 310 mm (range: 273–389 mm). To avoid complications associated with excessive protein loss, 2000 mL of fluid was evacuated at a single occasion. Following the procedure, the median value of the Ascites Index was 129 mm (range: 121–145 mm) in the patients with ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome and 146 cm (119–220 mm) in
Hugo Rio Tinto,
Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 73, 140–147
Serious complications after TEE are very rare and include spasm, esophageal perforation, massive bleeding from esophageal tumor, and arrhythmia, including cardiac arrest. Deaths associated with TEE were reported in patients with acute aortic dissection, in whom aortic rupture was due to a sudden increase in blood pressure.
Patient preparation and laboratory equipment
Patient preparation involves providing information about the procedure; obtaining patient consent; collecting medical history
Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 76, 62–65
Catatonia is a psychomotor disorder associated with various mental and neurological disorders. It is characterized by a variety of motor symptoms including stupor, posturing, catalepsy, waxy flexibility, mutism, negativism, mannerisms, stereotypic behaviour, and extreme agitation (1).
Catatonia is a psychiatric emergency and it increases the risk of certain medical complications and mortality due to dehydration, immobility, and sympathetic nervous system hyperactivity, which are
Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , 135–138
lesions in whole-body MRI, particularly when the clinical picture is unclear. Also, MRI of the spine and spinal cord is used in order to diagnose synovial joint inflammation, bone marrow edema and spondylodiscitis as well as to assess their activity, location, and complications (spinal canal stenosis, subluxation, e.g. in the atlantoaxial region). This article discusses typical pathological changes seen on ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging. The role of these two methods for disease monitoring
Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 66, 237–251
Material and methodsThe study included 50 neonates from two hospitals in the Lower Silesia region of Poland; 25 of them were healthy patients (full-term newborns with no perinatal complications) and 25 were sick patients (newborns with heart defects such as ostium secundum atrial septal defect, ventricular septal defect, permanent foramen ovale and patent ductus arteriosus as well as newborns with neonatal jaundice or pneumonia that occurred during the first days of life). The ultrasound scans
Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 65, 125–134