We test the emerging hypothesis that prefrontal cortical mechanisms involved in non-veridical decision making do not overlap with those of veridical decision making. Healthy female subjects performed an experimental task assessing free choice, agent-centered decision making (The Cognitive Bias Task) and a veridical control task related to visuospatial working memory (the Moving Spot Task). Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) was applied to the left and right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex
Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 76 , ISSUE 3, 182–191
decision-making, patients and healthcare professionals work as partners to find the best treatment. Shared decision-making incorporates patient preferences, values, circumstances, and goals, and healthcare professionals provide information on evidence-based treatment options. Finally, the parties arrive at a consensus on preferred treatment (11). A systematic review of the rationale for shared decision-making report that it is a process activating patients to take control in their lives. This process
Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 8 , 139–148
Logistics activities are present in different business functions, which is why unified decision making in logistics has a significant effect on the organization of logistics processes in companies. Scientific literature highlights various aspects of logistics decision making, but so far, no survey has been conducted that can accurately illustrate the effect of centralized logistics and the effect of the level of logistics knowledge of employees from other departments on unified decision making
Transport Problems, Volume 15 , ISSUE 3, 117–126
Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) is a relatively new method, a nonparametric technique used nowadays to evaluate the efficiency of the Decision-Making Units. Using this method, the Decision-Making Units can be compared between each other and the most effective ones can be found. Using the DEA method, the performance of a logistic company with twelve warehouses as DMUs is evaluated in this paper. "DEA Excel Solver" user program was used to solve the problem.
Transport Problems, Volume 15 , ISSUE 1, 153–161
Controlled drug delivery based on cellular components can be achieved by exploiting disease-specific properties, but these require a rapid, sensitive, and selective method of detection in a biomolecular system. We propose a parallel decision-making system for disease detection and classification based on the fact that DNA computing along with biomolecular systems can be subjected to massively parallel processing. We designed and programmed a DNA strand displacement reaction to implement rule
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 8 , ISSUE 2, 944–965
Transport Problems, Volume 15 , ISSUE 2, 45–57
, identification, and treatment of psychiatric disorders with interpersonal impairment, such as externalising disorders, is interpersonal trust (hereon referred to as trust) which can be measured through behavioural decision making (4). Research investigating the association between behavioural trust and externalising disorders, however, has been scarce.
Historically, a leading approach for understanding interpersonal problems associated with externalising disorders in children and adolescents has been to
Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 7 , 92–96
In recent years, media façades have become a new architectural theme and numerous potentials and limitations are observed in their design process and implementation. This paper identifies the most important challenges in the design of a media façade in order to define the basic criteria that influence decision making in the selection or the fulfillment of the most important principle – the adequacy of technological process of a media façade design. The main method used in the paper is
Jasna ČIKIĆ TOVAROVIĆ,
Jelena IVANOVIĆ ŠEKULARAC,
Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 9 , ISSUE 3, 55–70
Transport Problems, Volume 12 , ISSUE 4, 83–90
Transport Problems, Volume 11 , ISSUE 4, 83–94
In multi-agent setting agent often encounter conflicts in agents’ plans and actions. This paper presents an attitude based cooperative decision making methodology that allows agents to act appropriately to various options in a hostile and dynamic fire world. It shows that attitude based decision making explore the attitudes and behaviors that help agents to solve problems constructively. The application and implementation of this methodology to a virtual fire- fighting domain has revealed
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 2 , ISSUE 1, 30–62
The article introduces issues concerning the implementation of key performance indicators (KPIs) dedicated to the TSL (Transport-Shipping-Logistics) branch. The KPIs are used in different modules of the ERP (Enterprise resource planning) information systems, which support strategic decision making. Selected indicators have been used to create four perspectives of Balanced Scorecard in accordance with Balanced Scorecard methodology. Using the multi-factor method of DEMATEL (Decision Making Trial
Transport Problems, Volume 12 , ISSUE 4, 27–36
will of interest groups or emotional reaction (Banks, 2009). The argument associated with this point is that policy that is based on these factors will produce more negative outcomes for society and will be less sustainable than evidence-based policy (Chalmers, 2003).
An extensive body of literature has accumulated on this subject since the 1970s. The question that has dominated the academic (and practitioner) debate since at least 2000 is: ‘Can the use of evidence in policy decision-making be
Evidence Base, Volume 2020 , ISSUE 2, 1–9
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 10 , ISSUE 1, 146–173
Health professionals have expressed concern about vision issues in relation to scooter travel, but despite low vision or legal blindness, scooter travel remains feasible. Safe scooter travel is the result of decision-making in relation to physical limitations and available sensory information. O&M specialists are the only health professionals with a skill-set in blind and low vision mobility and are therefore equipped to conduct functional assessment of scooter users with low vision. A
Lil Deverell, B.Ed., Grad.Dip. O&M, M.Ed.
International Journal of Orientation & Mobility, Volume 4 , ISSUE 1, 32–47
International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls, Volume 5 , ISSUE 3, 65–72
Transport Problems, Volume 14 , ISSUE 3, 135–144
Temporary loss of consciousness is unnerving for anyone, however the consequences in some professions can be devastating. This paper discusses the case of an Airline Transport Pilot License pilot who experienced a ‘funny turn’ resulting in loss of consciousness, with reference to the aeromedical decision-making process and a literature review.
Journal of the Australasian Society of Aerospace Medicine, Volume 10 , 4–5
The present work explores panel data set-up in a Bayesian state space model. The conditional posterior densities of parameters are utilized to determine the marginal posterior densities using the Gibbs sampler. An efficient one step ahead predictive density mechanism is developed to further the state of art in prediction-based decision making.
Statistics in Transition New Series, Volume 17 , ISSUE 2, 211–219
Digital Urban Management has become a trend in the development of contemporary cities. This paper presents the design and implementation of an intelligent flood control decision support system (IFCDSS) using statistical analysis to determine the relationship between the data, and integrate data mining technology for digital urban management based on Java EE. The system also provides location-based decision making in urban management by using the Baidu Maps API.
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 1, 161–177
Journal of Educational Leadership, Policy and Practice, Volume 33 , ISSUE 2, 72–89
of science decision-making foundation for petroleum Perforation.
International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls, Volume 3 , ISSUE 1, 86–91
Modern transport systems are characterized by the development and implementation of intelligent transport technologies. Today, dynamic forecast models are not used in practice in the operation of a passenger terminal. Decision making is based on some regulatory values for passenger traffic, but this is not sufficient for efficient terminal management. Modern passenger terminals are characterized by dynamic process variability and consideration of diverse options, taking into account the
Transport Problems, Volume 13 , ISSUE 1, 27–36
decision-making tool for assessing the quality of operation of public transport on a defined urban road section.
Transport Problems, Volume 11 , ISSUE 4, 43–55
evidence combination. The examples results show that the algorithm has strong versatility and stability in the evidences combination, can be applied to information fusion, uncertain information decision-making and other fields.
International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls, Volume 2 , ISSUE 1, 65–71
advance our understanding of student ownership in O&M while providing concrete strategies to foster engagement and decision making, two key aspects of student ownership.
Fabiana Perla, Ed.D., COMS.
International Journal of Orientation & Mobility, Volume 5 , ISSUE 1, 28–33
Summary. This article addresses the study related to forecasting with an actual high-speed decision making under careful modelling of time series data. The study uses data-mining modelling for algorithmic optimization of transport goals. Our finding brings to the future adequate techniques for the fitting of a prediction model. This model is going to be used for analyses of the future transaction costs in the frontiers of the Czech Republic. Time series prediction methods for the performance of
Transport Problems, Volume 11 , ISSUE 3, 21–31
recovery of neurological functioning, complications such as seizures, risk of rebleeding, and de novo occurrence of other aneurysms are all significant concerns due to the risk of sudden incapacitation. This paper will examine the aeromedical factors particular to this case that influenced a favorable aeromedical decision-making outcome.
AM Gordon Cable
Journal of the Australasian Society of Aerospace Medicine, Volume 10 , 19–21
Many clinical situations involve the platelet transfusion support of patients with thrombocytopenia. Among these are patients with leukemia, oncology patients receiving chemotherapy, patients undergoing bone marrow transplantation, patients with idiopathic thrombocytopenia purpura (ITP), and the acute trauma patient. The Transfusion Medicine service plays a key role in the care of patients in that they are expected to provide quality blood products and aid in clinical decision making. Issues
Alan J. Sheinbaum,
Jay H. Herman
Immunohematology, Volume 12 , ISSUE 3, 123–126
multicriteria decision-making methodology that results in a hierarchy of vehicle cycles, ordered from the most to the least suitable to be operated by electric buses. The proof-of-principle demonstration of the model has been carried out in the Polish medium-sized city of Jaworzno.
Transport Problems, Volume 16 , ISSUE 1, 99–112
normalizing matching degree. Several BPAs provided by many sensor sources are fused by Dempster’s rule of combination. A diagnosis decision-making can be done according to the fusion results. Finally,the diagnosis examples of machine rotor system with vibration sensors show that the proposed method can enhance accuracy and reliability of data fusion-based diagnosis system.
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 1, 171–190
the individual however, and aeromedical decision making is often more difficult when, despite the depth of evidence available, the risks remain unquantifiable. This paper discusses the literature review conducted, the risk factors for rupture and risks of rupture, precipitating events, treatment, monitoring, and advice for the affected individual. The aeromedical disposition of the affected individual is outlined.
Journal of the Australasian Society of Aerospace Medicine, Volume 10 , 16–18
This paper presents discussion of the problem of rural sanitation economic sustainability, affecting the overall investment agreement with the principles of sustainable development. In our opinion, economic aspects of sustainability, understood as affordability and profitability of the investment are crucial because they affect the social acceptance and willingness to pay by the members of rural communities. Additionally, it was proposed to use the well-known decision-making indicators of cost
Marcin K. WIDOMSKI,
Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 10 , ISSUE 3, 153–162
Environmental issues are an increasingly important aspect of management in the transport sector; new methods have been developed for assessment of the environment in the transport sector using the life cycle approach. The paper presents the application of Well to Wheel (WTW) and Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) in the transport sector. The WTW method focuses on energy analysis and greenhouse gas emissions during the life cycle of fuels. WTW is used to support decision-making on the environmental
Transport Problems, Volume 12 , ISSUE 2, 147–153
In view of the preconscious behavior of pedestrian and walking speed differences, a lattice gas model of bi-direction pedestrian flow is established in this paper. According to the characteristics of pedestrian following behavior and preconscious dynamic change in different walking conditions, bi-direction pedestrian behavior model based on dynamic preconsciousness is constructed to study the bias decision-making behavior of pedestrian movement. Through numerical simulation, the influence of
International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls, Volume 2 , ISSUE 3, 109–115
colonialism, conquest, conflict or catastrophe. This article describes the impact of traumatic events upon the decision-making processes of school leaders. Specifically, it describes the ways in which personal value systems influence how school leaders attend to appropriate, diligent and socially just responsibilities following a traumatic event. The purpose of this article is to identify and examine possible future strategies for a socially just school leader when confronted with an unanticipated and
Journal of Educational Leadership, Policy and Practice, Volume 30 , ISSUE 1, 106–118
clinical decision-making, blood component support, and patient wellbeing.
Dianne E. Grey,
Elizabeth A. Fong,
Immunohematology, Volume 33 , ISSUE 3, 99–104
The paper presents application of multivariate economic analysis to decision making process of selection of the most economically suitable concept of sanitary sewage system for a selected rural settlement in Poland. Analysis covered Drelow, Lublin Voivodeship, settlement area with 121 households with 421 residents and several municipal services. Three variants of sewage removal and treatment were developed: unconventional gravity-pressure network, gravity-pressure network combined with local
Marcin K. WIDOMSKI,
Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 9 , ISSUE 2, 145–152
Structural and nonstructural components incorporate simultaneously and correspondingly in modern probabilistic performance evaluation to make decision making parameters which is usually economic loss in a predefined level of probability. However, far greater investment, relatively limited seismically design information and dependence of nonstructural components’ normative quantities to some architectural, economic and social features contribute to exceeded loss amounts and uncertainties under
Leila HAJ NAJAFI,
Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 10 , ISSUE 2, 77–98
costs. The priorities and significance of the main criteria are identified by way of measureable calculations involving reverberation time, STI, costs and expertise, intangible, non-economic cost estimations. The AHP analysis should be viewed as a framework facilitating decision making processes applied in scientific or engineering analyses. The paper demonstrates the acoustic adaptation method of classrooms in terms of acoustic parameters and implementation costs of such an adaptation. The AHP
Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 10 , ISSUE 4, 73–87
The article describes an approach to data- and research-informed improvement work in Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) that is used by the Laboratory for Research-based School Development (LSP) at Aalborg University, Denmark. The approach includes collaboration between research, policy and practice and it incorporates two current policy priorities in the field of Danish education: evidence-informed decision making and the continuous improvement of the learning environment. The approach
Line Skov Hansen
Journal of Educational Leadership, Policy and Practice, Volume 33 , ISSUE 1, 70–81
in a total area
The share of the investment areas offered by the city in a total area
The share of public open areas in a total area
The share of public recreational and sports complexes in a total area
Source: author’s own work.
Due to the popularity of the AHP method, the main assumptions and calculation stages are presented below [33, 34, 35]:
I.Decomposition of the decision-making problem - the easiest graphic
Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 12 , ISSUE 4, 23–36
In recent years, there has been increased discussion about the potential of expert systems to support medical decision-making tasks, including applications in clinical laboratory settings. This study provides data regarding the cognitive errors that technologists make on an important problem-solving task: the identification of antibodies in a patient’s blood. It explores alternative designs for expert systems developed to reduce such errors. It also evaluates the effects of these
Stephanie A. Guerlain,
Philip J. Smith,
Jodi Heintz Obradovich,
Patricia L. Strohm,
Jack W. Smith,
Immunohematology, Volume 12 , ISSUE 3, 101–107
The author begins with a general assessment of the mission of the National Statistics Institutes (NSIs), main producers of official statistics, which are obliged to deliver high quality statistical information on the state and evolution of the population, the economy, the society and the environment. These statistical results must be based on scientific principles and methods. They must be made available to the public, politics, economy and research for decision-making and information purposes
Statistics in Transition New Series, Volume 17 , ISSUE 1, 105–132
facilities should review their processes to determine which tests contribute to transfusion safety. Smaller facilities may be reluctant to change or lack the expertise necessary for this decision making and often continue to perform tests that have been eliminated in larger facilities. Consultation with larger hospital transfusion services may provide guidance for this change.
Beverly J. Padget,
Judith L. Hannon
Immunohematology, Volume 19 , ISSUE 1, 1–6
optimal indoor climate will have a minimum value at their maximum durability. Significant energy consumption to maintain the thermal comfort of the premises does not increase the energy efficiency of buildings.
In modern scientific research solving, the problem of decision-making in uncertainty conditions where the choice of alternatives requires the analysis of complex information of different physical nature in search of the best solution is called a methodology of systems analysis. The essence of
Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 14 , ISSUE 1, 59–68
Diagnosis is crucial in decision-making when treating a patient with shoulder pain. Ultrasound is also very important in the diagnostic and therapeutic pathway, especially when surgery is being considered. This article outlines the diagnostic pathway using the patient’s history, physical examination and ultrasound examination. It is important to correlate the clinical assessment with the imaging signs. It is also important to treat the patient and not the images as there may be abnormalities
Gina M. Allen
Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 74, 234–239
delivered vaginally than those by cesarean section (123.3 ± 13.6 vs 108.7 ± 23.3 mm, p = 0.005). Conclusion: The measurement of L5-fundus distance is a simple and effective technique to evaluate the size of the uterus. Homogenous endometrium up to 30 mm in asymptomatic patients may be a normal finding 24 hours after delivery. The results of this study may be helpful in the decision-making process in cases of early postpartum hemorrhage or hemodynamic instability.
Isil Uzun Cilingir,
Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 75, 310–315
trends of changes in the amount of users receiving service requires a responsible and conscious decision making around the shaping of relations between spatial arrangements and auxiliary technologies. The paper presents different methods of working with large quantities of information which the designer must analyze and comprehend. The aim is to make sound investment and design decisions that would precede and prevent the loss of efficiency and performance in relation to the satisfaction of users.
Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 10 , ISSUE 1, 41–50
the next generation of smart devices that have embedded intelligence for distributed decision making capabilities.
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 5 , ISSUE 3, 559–575
, and compliance. Whatever the option to be taken, the PWE, his family or the caregivers should take part in the decision making.
Journal of Epileptology, Volume 22 , ISSUE 2, 109–112
a more complete picture of bacterial infections and to help clinicians and decision-making departments undertake the proper decisions for patients and antibiotic use.
Materials and Methods
Based on the data from a general hospital in Zhengzhou, Henan province, China from 2011 to 2016, five dominant bacteria (Klebsiella pneumoniae, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Acinetobacter baumannii) were investigated in this study. The antibiotic
Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 68 , ISSUE 2, 225–232
and agent-based simulation was justified for estimating the workload on transport infrastructure around the passenger port and for the existing ferry or cruise route network. The practical results of new simulation model, on the one hand, justify the need for a comprehensive study of the conditions for the formation of ferry and cruise route networks in changing conditions. On the other hand, these new results could improve the quality of decision-making process in forecasting the route network on
Transport Problems, Volume 14 , ISSUE 2, 111–121
possibilities to make connections with the surrounding land, understand local stories, histories and cultural events. In this sense democratic leadership intersects with place-based education as children’s awareness of themselves as citizens of a community deepens. Inquiry as a form of participatory democracy was a key feature of decision-making in this study and provided a common purpose for community excursions while encouraging leadership opportunities.
Journal of Educational Leadership, Policy and Practice, Volume 33 , ISSUE 1, 46–56
for 15 sec and 60°C for 1 min.
The dependent measures analyzed in the EPM included: time spent and absolute number of entries both in the open arms (provided indexes risk behavior and anxiety) and closed arms (locomotor activity), as well as in the center square (indexes of risk assessment and decision making).
All data were analyzed by repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA), with groups as the between and sessions and trials as the within-subject’s factors. Separate
Márcia Regina Pincerati,
Ilton Santos da Silva
Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 80 , ISSUE 2, 160–169
An era of financial constraints calls for effective and efficient committee work when making collective decisions. A systematic search identified research literatures in business administration, health research and service development, and social psychology addressing decision making about highly technical issues by mixed groups of people. Existing empirical and theoretical syntheses were drawn together to identify learning about the structure, processes and environment of committees and the
Evidence Base, Volume 2018 , ISSUE 2, 1–21
The turnaround time (TAT) for pre-transfusion testing is important for prompt clinical decision-making. TAT includes the time between the arrival of the sample and the initiation of testing, plus the processing time (PT) required to generate and report a result. The TAT in larger blood banks is mostly dependent upon the capability of the analyzer used. In smaller blood banks, where manual work is often performed, the TAT is dependent on availability and experience of staff, testing resources
Abigail M. Schneider Schneider,
Claudia S. Cohn Cohn
Immunohematology, Volume 33 , ISSUE 1, 1–5
intensities and passenger traffic. For the selected set of values, a set of new intensity circos plot diagrams are constructed. On their basis, it is possible to analyze the mutual influence of the passenger terminals on each other to analyze the ferry transportation market and the number of shipping companies on it. New scientific approach can improve the quality of research and decision-making process for research of the «passenger terminal-ferry line» system. The practical results we can
Transport Problems, Volume 14 , ISSUE 4, 21–30
punctuality index and to indicate the degree of this effect. The obtained results are a universal tool to assess the punctuality level of the urban transport fleet and to support decision making in the scope of organization of their work, which can be implemented in any similar transport system. The specification of the number of breakdowns, road accidents, or unauthorized stopping of a vehicle as the main causes of delays is the basis for taking corrective measures related to the improvement of the fleet
Transport Problems, Volume 15 , ISSUE 4, Part 2, 311–323
adequate follow-up related to the implementation of existing regional and national guidelines for assessment and treatment; 2) providing clinical decision-making aids; and 3) conducting large-scale clinical epidemiological research. The registry incorporates all legal requirements for quality registries in Sweden.NEUROPSYK includes patients of all ages diagnosed with NDDs per the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition. These diagnoses include autism spectrum disorder
Anna Löfgren Wilteus,
Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 4 , ISSUE 3, 141–146