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Article | 07-May-2018

Research on AORBCO Model and It’s Description Language

This paper improves the AORBCO model based on the four characteristics of intelligence-self conscious, mutual representation, fuzziness and dynamics, and designs a description language of AORBCO model. The language describes the self-consciousness of an agent with its’ five components-belief, desire, ability, planning and behavior control mechanism. The components of entities including acquaintances of an agent and objects known by the agent are as the starting point to characterize the mutual

Zhi Min, Luo Junmin, Gao Wuqi

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls, Volume 3 , ISSUE 1, 101–105

Review | 13-September-2016

Standards in neurosonology. Part I

The paper presents standards related to ultrasound imaging of the cerebral vasculature and structures. The aim of this paper is to standardize both the performance and description of ultrasound imaging of the extracranial and intracranial cerebral arteries as well as a study of a specifi c brain structure, i.e. substantia nigra   hyperechogenicity. The following aspects are included in the description of standards for each ultrasonographic method:equipment requirements, patient preparation

Joanna Wojczal, Tomasz Tomczyk, Piotr Luchowski, Grzegorz Kozera, Radosław Kaźmierski, Zbigniew Stelmasiak

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 62, 307–317

Review | 29-March-2016

Standards in neurosonology. Part II

The paper presents standards related to ultrasound imaging of the cerebral vasculature and structures. The aim of this paper is to standardize both the performance and description of ultrasound imaging of the extracranial and intracranial cerebral arteries as well as a study of a specific brain structure, i.e. substantia nigra hyperechogenicity. The following aspects are included in the description of standards for each ultrasonographic method: equipment requirements, patient preparation, study

Joanna Wojczal, Tomasz Tomczyk, Piotr Luchowski, Grzegorz Kozera, Radosław Kaźmierski, Zbigniew Stelmasiak

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 64, 44–54

Review | 29-June-2016

Standards in neurosonology. Part III

The paper presents standards related to ultrasound imaging of the cerebral vasculature and structures. The aim of this paper is to standardize both the performance and description of ultrasound imaging of the extracranial and intracranial cerebral arteries as well as a study of a specific brain structure, i.e. substantia nigra hyperechogenicity. The following aspects are included in the description of standards for each ultrasonographic method: equipment requirements, patient preparation, study

Joanna Wojczal, Tomasz Tomczyk, Piotr Luchowski, Grzegorz Kozera, Radosław Kaźmierski, Zbigniew Stelmasiak

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 65, 155–162

research-article | 30-November-2020

First record of the ectoparasitic nematode Amplimerlinius macrurus (Nematoda: Tylenchida) on the perennial grass Miscanthus × giganteus (Angiosperms: Poaceae) in Ukraine

(32-33) – 31 ± 2.3 (28-34) 7.4 Note: All measurements are in µm and in the form: mean  ±  s.d. (range) CV %. Figure 1: Photomicrographs of Amplimerlinius. macrurus adults. A. Part of female reproductive system with spermatheca filled with sperm; B. Anterior part of female; C. Male, posterior end of body with arch like shaped gubernaculums; D. Female reproductive system; E. Pharyngeal system; F. Female tail; G. Vulva. (scale bars = 10 μm). Description of Ukrainian specimens Female

Tatyana Stefanovska, Andrzej Skwiercz, Łukasz Flis, Valentina Pidlisnyuk, Miloslav Zouhar

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–7

research-article | 30-November-2020

Multi-locus phylogenetic analyses uncover species boundaries and reveal the occurrence of two new entomopathogenic nematode species, Heterorhabditis ruandica n. sp. and Heterorhabditis zacatecana n. sp.

valid species and the increasing number of synonymized species, a throughout revision of the current literature related to the description, synonymisation, and declaration as species inquirendae of Heterorhabditis species may help to determine the actual number of valid species in this genus. As some species were described prior to the discovery of modern molecular techniques, and therefore the sequences of phylogenetically relevant gene markers are not available, morphological characters play an

Ricardo A.R. Machado, Aashaq Hussain Bhat, Joaquín Abolafia, Arthur Muller, Pamela Bruno, Patrick Fallet, Carla C.M. Arce, Ted C.J. Turlings, Julio S. Bernal, Joelle Kajuga, Bancy Waweru, Stefan Toepfer

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–42

Article | 01-March-2015


be high, which makes it do not scale well with the number of training sample, and limits its wide applications. Based on the idea proposed by Support Vector Data Description, we present an improved SVDD algorithm to handle object tracking efficiently. The experimental results on synthetic data, tracking results on car and plane demonstrate the validity of the proposed algorithm.

Yongqing Wang, Yanzhou Zhang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 8 , ISSUE 1, 677–696

Research paper | 10-April-2013

Labeling of Human Motion Based on CBGA and Probabilistic Model

using a probability model based on the decomposable triangle model(DTM), which is learned through the EM algorithm with the minimum description length (MDL) principle and CBGA algorithm to characterize the stochastic and dynamic relations of articulated human motions. We also extend these results to learning the probabilistic structure of human body to improve the labeling results, the handling of missing body parts, the integration of multi-frame information and the accuracy rates. Finally, we

Fuyuan Hu, Hau San Wong

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 6 , ISSUE 2, 583–609

Research Article | 03-September-2018

Morphological Re-Description and 18 S rDNA Sequence Confirmation of the Pinworm Aspiculuris tetraptera (Nematoda, Heteroxynematidae) Infecting the Laboratory Mice Mus musculus

Rewaida Abdel-Gaber, Fathy Abdel-Ghaffar, Saleh Al Quraishy, Kareem Morsy, Rehab Saleh, Heinz Mehlhorn

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 2, 117–132

research-article | 30-November-2019

On the identity of Eucephalobus oxyuroides (de Man, 1876) Steiner, 1936 (Rhabditida, Cephalobidae), with an updated taxonomy of the genus and notes about its phylogeny

Cephalobus oxyuroides was described by de Man (1876) from the Netherlands, and named according to its apparent resemblance with Cephalobus oxyuris (Bütschli, 1873). The latter was regarded by Thorne (1937) as a junior synonym of Panagrolaimus rigidus (Schneider, 1866) Thorne, 1937. Its original description was based on five specimens, three females and two males, which were characterized by their acute lips, conoid-elongate female tail, and male bearing a long mucro at tail end and spicules

Joaquín Abolafia, Reyes Peña-Santiago

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–20

research-article | 30-November-2018

Morphological and Molecular Characterization of Oscheius saproxylicus sp. n. (Rhabditida, Rhabditidae) From Decaying Wood in Spain, With New Insights into the Phylogeny of the Genus and a Revision of its Taxonomy

anterior region to vulva/body length) × 100. Description. Female Moderately slender to slender (a = 24–37) nematodes of small size, body 0.67 to 0.99 mm long. Upon fixation, habitus straight or somewhat curved ventrad. Cuticle 1 µm thick, nearly smooth under LM, but bearing very fine transverse striation when observed with SEM. Lateral field with three longitudinal ridges (alae), 3 to 6 µm broad or occupying one-tenth to one-fifth (11–19%) of mid-body diameter, and extending to phasmids. Lip

Joaquín Abolafia, Reyes Peña-Santiago

journal of nematology, Volume 51 , 1–21

Article | 01-June-2016


features, where the detecting and tracking drift caused by noisy background can be effectively handled by robust maximum margin classifier, such as one-class SVM. But the time and space complexities of traditional one-class SVM methods tend to be high, which limits its wide applications to various fields. Inspired by the idea proposed by Support Vector Data Description (SVDD), in this paper we present a novel SVDD-based algorithm to efficiently deal with detecting and tracking moving object under

Chunxiang Wang, Dongfang Xu, Yongqing Wang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 9 , ISSUE 2, 1130–1155

research-article | 30-November-2020

Morphological and molecular characterisation of Longidorus pauli (Nematoda: Longidoridae), first report from Greece

. fasciatus (Roca and Lamberti, 1981), L. intermedius (Kozlowska and Seinhorst, 1979), and L. proximus (Sturhan and Argo, 1983) lack of molecular characterization (Tzortzakakis et al., 2008). During a recent nematode sampling from a grapevine area in Northern Greece, two needle nematode populations were detected resembling L. pauli (Lamberti et al., 1999) and L. pisi. Longidorus pauli was previously reported only from original description on fig tree at Idleb, Syria (Lamberti et al., 1999). Therefore, the

Emmanuel A. Tzortzakakis, Ilenia Clavero-Camacho, Carolina Cantalapiedra-Navarrete, Parthenopi Ralli, Juan E. Palomares-Rius, Pablo Castillo, Antonio Archidona-Yuste

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–10

research-article | 30-November-2020

Description of Spinocephalus tessellatus n. gen., n. sp. (Rhabditida, Cephalobidae) from Iran, a nematode with a new morphological pattern at lip region

) Note: Measurements in μm and in the form: mean ± s.d. (range) where available. Description Adults Stout to moderately slender nematodes, body length 0.55–0.67 mm. Habitus slightly ventrally curved in females and J-shaped in males after fixation. Cuticle deeply tessellated, having deep transversal and longitudinal incisures dividing the cuticle in blocks, the first annuli with wider than long blocks, later quadrangular and posteriorly longer than wide until the tail end. Lateral field with

Joaquín Abolafia, Manouchehr Hosseinvand, Ali Eskandari

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–16

research-article | 30-November-2018

Updated description of Paratylenchus lepidus Raski 1975 and P. minor Sharma, Sharma and Khan, 1986 by integrating molecular and ultra-structural observations

reported decades ago, there was no molecular sequencing data and SEM observations. In order to fill these gaps, the objectives of this study were (i) to provide the updated description with morphological and molecular characterization, (ii) to elucidate important morphological details through SEM observations, (iii) to investigate the phylogenetic position and to locate the closely related Paratylenchus species. Materials and methods Nematode samplings, extraction, and morphological study Nematodes

Munawar Maria, Wentao Miao, Weimin Ye, Jingwu Zheng

journal of nematology, Volume 51 , 1–13

research-article | 11-January-2018

Morphological and Molecular Characterization of Paralongidorus sali Siddiqi, Hooper, and Khan, 1963 with a Description of the First-Stage Juvenile and Male of Longidorus jonesi Siddiqi, 1962 from China

convergence, the remaining samples were retained for further analyses. The topologies were used to generate a 50% majority-rule consensus tree. Posterior probabilities (PP) are given on appropriate clades. Trees from all analyses were visualized using FigTree software V.1.42 ( Results SYSTEMATICS Paralongidorus sali (Siddiqi et al., 1963) Description Female Body elongated, slender, slightly tapering anteriorly and posteriorly, open C-shape when heat relaxed

Ruihang Cai, Munawar Maria, Nan Qu, Pablo Castillo, Jingwu Zheng

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 3, 419–436

research-article | 30-November-2018

Integrative taxonomy of Xiphinema histriae and Xiphinema lapidosum from Spain

–G, I, J = 20 μm; H = 65 μm; K = 10 μm; L = 20 μm; M–O = 10 μm; P = 20 μm.) Description Female The description of female body of Xiphinema histriae is as follows: body is cylindrical with an open C-shaped when heat relaxed; cuticle is 3.1 (2.5–3.5) μm thick at mid-body; Lip region is flatly rounded, separated from body by a slight depression, 15.4 (14.0–17.0) μm wide and 8.0 (7.5–9.0) μm high; amphids are stirrup shaped and amphidial fovea aperture extending for ca 60.7 to 70.5% of lip

Ruihang Cai, Antonio Archidona-Yuste, Carolina Cantalapiedra-Navarrete, Juan E. Palomares-Rius, Jingwu Zheng, Pablo Castillo

Journal of Nematology, Volume 51 , 1–21

Article | 01-September-2015


be redesigned to improve their description. The proposed method has been implemented on benchmark dataset having both types of activities. Our approach successfully identified non-determinism in activities description without compromising recognition performance of deterministic activities. It has also been shown that other approaches fail to identify non deterministic activities. Overall accuracy of activity recognition of our approach was comparable to other approaches.

Sangeeta Mittal, Krishna Gopal, S.L. Maskara

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 8 , ISSUE 3, 1525–1533

Article | 24-July-2017

Cryptaphelenchus varicaudatus n. sp. (Rhabditida: Ektaphelenchinae) from Tehran Province, Iran


Journal of Nematology, Volume 49 , ISSUE 2, 223–230

case-report | 08-March-2021

Paediatric small-bowel intussusception on ultrasound – a case report with differentiating features from the ileocolic subtype

Pushkar Mendiratta, Anurav Yadav, Nitin Borse

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 84, 70–73

Article | 21-July-2017

A Third New Species of Aporcelinus Andrassy, 2009 (Dorylaimida, Aporcelaimidae) from Vietnam, with the First SEM Study of a Representative of the Genus


Journal of Nematology, Volume 48 , ISSUE 2, 104–108

research-article | 28-April-2020

Morphological and molecular characterization of Pungentus sufiyanensis n. sp. and additional data on P. engadinensis (Altherr, 1950) Altherr, 1952 (Dorylaimida: Nordiidae) from northwest of Iran

for further analyses. The topologies were used to generate a 50% majority rule consensus tree and posterior probabilities (PP) were given on appropriate clades. The tree was visualized using the program Figtree 1.4.3 v. Results Systematics Pungentus sufiyanensis n. sp. (Figs. 1, 2; Tables 1, 2) Description Female: slender (a = 40-50) nematodes of medium size, 1.22 to 1.57 mm long. The body cylindrical, tapering toward both ends but more so toward the anterior extreme as the caudal region is

Nasir Vazifeh, Gholamreza Niknam, Habibeh Jabbari, Reyes Peña-Santiago

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–12

Article | 21-July-2017

Description of Aphelenchoides macrospica n. sp. (Nematoda:Aphelenchoididae) from Northwestern Iran


Journal of Nematology, Volume 49 , ISSUE 1, 67–76

Article | 29-December-2020

Problem solving: a course for blood bankers

A structured program for the training of blood bank personnel and students entitled “Problem Solving” is presented in its entirety. The explanation includes the primary objective for this program, course description, how to evaluate student results, a grading system used for errors, and preparation of specimens and practical examinations. An example of an actual problem is also presented.

Marty Weaver-Dahm

Immunohematology, Volume 4 , ISSUE 4, 79–81

Review | 18-April-2017

Kidney ultrasound – what is important for a urologist?

Kidney ultrasound is one of the basic procedures in the practice of a urologist. Apart from the location and the size, description of renal morphology should contain the thickness of the anterior lip parenchyma in a transverse section and the location of possible narrowings. Uneven outline of the kidney is a sign of past inflammatory conditions. In the case of the pelvicalyceal system dilation, it is advised to specify the dimensions of the pelvis and calyces. Convex

Tomasz Szopiński, Elżbieta Keller, František Záťura

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 67, 371–377

Article | 16-April-2018

The Spring Loaded “Willins” Cane

A description of a long cane handle adaptation that reduced the jarring movement experienced when contacting an object. Initially designed to allow a woman with arthritis and tendonitis to use her cane, this ‘Willins’ cane has also been used by those moving over uneven ground as well as individuals simply wishing for smoother cane travel. Instructions are provided to create the cane handle.  

Karyn Willins, B.A.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility, Volume 5 , ISSUE 1, 40–43

Article | 18-March-2018


Short description of higher education study programme creation and evaluation process is stated. The study pointed out the difficulties of up-dating study programmes in connection with innovative technology trends in the relevant field of knowledge. Blockchain technology and Internet of Things as emerging digitalization trends in logistics and transport are considered together with three relevant bachelor study programmes. The first proposal of innovation inclusion in study programmes is

Genadijs GROMOVS, Mika LAMMI

Transport Problems, Volume 12 , ISSUE SE, 23–34

research-article | 03-June-2019

Morphological and molecular characterization of Labronema montanum sp. n. (Dorylaimida, Dorylaimidae) from Spain

The genus Labronema Thorne, 1939 is a worldwide dorylaimid (order Dorylaimida) group with about 41 valid species of intricate taxonomy (cf. Andrássy, 2009) and predator feeding habits (Thorne, 1939, 1974). The study of its representatives in the Iberian fauna has not received too much attention, except for the detailed description of L. vulvapapillatum (Meyl, 1954) Loof & Grootaert, 1981 by Murillo-Navarro and Jiménez-Guirado (2006; see also Jiménez-Guirado, 1989); the available information is

R. Peña-Santiago, J. Abolafia

Journal of Nematology, Volume 51 , 1–11

Article | 21-July-2017

First Report and Comparative Study of Steinernema surkhetense (Rhabditida: Steinernematidae) and its Symbiont Bacteria from Subcontinental India

Two populations (CS19 and CS20) of entomopathogenic nematodes were isolated from the soils of vegetable fields from Bijnor district, India. Based on morphological, morphometrical, and molecular studies, the nematodes were identified as Steinernema surkhetense. This work represents the first report of this species in India. The infective juveniles (IJs) showed morphometrical and morphological differences, with the original description based on longer IJs size. The IJs of the Indian


Journal of Nematology, Volume 49 , ISSUE 1, 92–102

Research Article | 13-December-2017

Porous Silicon Sensors- Elusive and Erudite

Porous Silicon Sensors have been fabricated and tested successfully over the last few years as humidity sensors, vapour sensors, gas sensors, piezoresistive pressure sensors and bio- sensors. In each case it has displayed remarkably sensitivity, relatively low temperature operation and ease of fabrication. Brief description of fabrication and properties of all these types of different sensors is reported in this paper. The barriers of porous silicon like contact, non- uniformity, instability

Prof. H. Saha

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 1 , ISSUE 1, 34–56

Original Research | 11-December-2017

Description of Pseudacrobeles (Pseudacrobeles) curvatus sp. n. (Cephalobidae: Rhabditida) in South Korea

Jiyeon Kim, Taeho Kim, Joong-Ki Park

Journal of Nematology, Volume 49 , ISSUE 2, 162–167

Research Article | 03-September-2018

Description of Longidorus azarbaijanensis n. sp. (Dorylaimida: Longidoridae) from Iran

Farshad Gharibzadeh, Ebrahim Pourjam, Majid Pedram

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 2, 207–218

research-article | 27-May-2019

Description of Geocenamus vietnamensis sp. n. (Nematoda: Merliniidae) from Vietnam

pore; (F): Tail region with spicule (sp); (G): Tail tip; (H): Side view of tail with spicule (sp) and phasmid (ph) positions; (I): Cloacal region; (I): Cloaca with hypotigma; (J): Phasmid position. Figure 5: Phylogenetic tree generated from D2–D3 of 28S rDNA sequences based on ML method (TN93 + G model) with 1,000 replications. Figure 6: Phylogenetic tree generated from ITS rDNA sequences based on ML method (GTR + G model) with 1,000 replications. Description Female Their body is

Huu Tien Nguyen, Thi Mai Linh Le, Thi Duyen Nguyen, Gracia Liebanas, Thi Anh Duong Nguyen, Quang Phap Trinh

Journal of Nematology, Volume 51 , 1–12

research-article | 02-April-2019

Description of Oscheius indicus n. sp. (Rhabditidae: Nematoda) from India

1,000 generations. Burn-in samples were discarded and other trees were used to generate a 50% majority rule consensus tree. Description Oscheius indicus n. sp. (Figs 1: A–H, 2: A–I, and 3: A–D) Figure 1 Oscheius indicus n. sp. (A) Entire male; (B) Entire female; (C) Pharyngeal region; (D) Anterior region; (E) Female reproductive system; (F) Male posterior region showing spicules and gubernaculum; (G) Male tail in dorso-ventral view (genital papillae and bursa); (H) Female posterior region

Puneet Kumar, Wajih Jamal, Vishal S. Somvanshi, Khushbu Chauhan, Sabia Mumtaz

Journal of Nematology, Volume 51 , 1–11

research-article | 15-August-2017

Description and Distribution of Three Criconematid Nematodes from Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China

140.0-168 142-156 142-172 144-167 148-160 124-141 173 178 Rex 43.0-48 46-49 41-53 45-53 - 39-52 50 - RV 9.0-13.0 11-12 8-12 9-13 8-10 8-11 12 16 RVan 2.0-3 - 0-4 0-2 3-5 1-3 2 6 Ran 6.0-10 - 6-11 7-11 5-7 6-9 9 10 Tail length 9.1-15.6 - - 6-14 - 6-11 - - Male Unknown Unknown - - - Known - - aOriginal description. Results Systematics Criconemoides parvus (Raski, 1952) (Figs. 1, 2; Table 1) Description Female: Body cylindrical, ventrally arcuate after heat relaxation. The

Maria Munawar, Thomas O. Powers, Zhongling Tian, Timothy Harris, Rebecca Higgins, Jingwu Zheng

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 2, 183–206

Article | 04-March-2018


In this paper, we examine the problems of simulating modeling of urban transport route network operation and development of an information system for automating the process of modeling and processing of simulation results with SIMUL8 software. In order to solve this problem, it is required to solve the following set of related tasks: formal description of the urban transport systems structure and parameters of its functioning, development of mathematical models of urban transport network


Transport Problems, Volume 12 , ISSUE 4, 83–90

Research Article | 01-June-2017


In this paper, different multi-operand adders have been analyzed in terms of propagation delay, power consumption and resource utilization. The functionality of the adders have been verified using Verilog hardware description language and synthesized in Xilinx ISE. The device chosen for implementation is Virtex 6 (XC6VLX240T) with FF1156 package. Simulation results show that Wallace tree adder is the fastest adder and consumes least amount of power. The Wallace tree adder also consumes the

S. D. Thabah, M. Sonowal, P. Saha

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 10 , ISSUE 2, 327–340

Article | 16-April-2018

Early Intervention Orientation and Mobility: A Western Australian Perspective

Early intervention Orientation & Mobility (O&M) training is a key component of the Western Australian Department of Education’s Vision Education Service. Children who are blind or have vision impairments are introduced to O&M skills, including the long cane, as soon as they are able to walk. A description of the service is provided, with some basic concepts and ideas for O&M specialists working with very young children. A key factor in the success of this program is

Bronwen Scott, Grad. Cert. Vision Impairment (O&M)

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility, Volume 1 , ISSUE 1, 70–72

Article | 28-August-2018


The paper is the first, introductory part to the description of an interdisciplinary research project in the modernization of laboratories at The Faculty of Civil Engineering, The Silesian University of Technology. The scope of the paper is to disseminate the current state of knowledge of ergonomics and issues involved in the technology of laboratory processes, describing the methodology of experiments carried out in geotechnical laboratories, their equipment and spatial requirements in view of


Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 10 , ISSUE 2, 35–41

Article | 28-August-2018


The paper is the second part of the description of an interdisciplinary research concerning the modernization of laboratories at the Faculty of Civil Engineering, The Silesian University of Technology. This paper was focused on the conditions concerning the specific nature of laboratory works involving geotechnics and the methodology of pre-design studies performed in stages. The recapitulation contained the conclusions and a presentation of design solutions based on the conducted research


Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 10 , ISSUE 2, 43–52

research-article | 30-November-2020

Description of Longidorella (Saevadorella) caspica n. sp. (Dorylaimida: Nordiidae) from north Iran

anus 25 25.0 ± 0.5 (24-25) 25 ± 1 (24-26) Prerectum 56 57.0 ± 7.5 (47-65) 81 ± 20 (67-95) Rectum 22 23.5 ± 3.5 (19-27) 38.0 ± 1.5 (37-39) Tail length 33 34.5 ± 2.5 (33-38) 32.5 ± 4.0 (29-37) Spicules length – – 33.0 ± 1.5 (32-35) Note: All measurements are in μm and in the form Mean ± SD (range). Description Female: Body fusiform, tapering gradually towards both ends, very slightly curved ventrad. Cuticle with two layers, 3 to 4 μm thick at anterior body region and mid body

Fariba Heydari, Mohammad Reza Atighi, Ebrahim Pourjam, Majid Pedram

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–11

Research Article | 23-May-2019


The beginnings of predictive microbiology date back to 1920 when Bigelow developed a logarithmic-linear dependence of kinetics on the death of microorganisms. Predictive microbiology is a sub-discipline of food microbiology, whose task is to predict the behavior of microorganisms in food using mathematical models. The predictive model for microbiology is usually a simplified description of the correlation between the observed reactions and the factors responsible for the occurrence of these

Elżbieta Rosiak, Katarzyna Kajak-Siemaszko, Monika Trząskowska, Danuta Kołożyn-Krajewska

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 57 , ISSUE 3, 229–243

Article | 01-March-2015


Semantic similarity measures usage is prevalent in pervasive computing with the following aims: 1) to compare the components of an application; 2) to recommend and rank services by degree of relevance; 3) to identify services by matching the description of a query with the available services; 5) to compare the current context with already known contexts. The existing works that apply semantic similarity measures to pervasive computing focus on one particular issue. Furthermore, surveys in this

Djamel Guessoum, Moeiz Miraoui, Chakib Tadj

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 8 , ISSUE 1, 125–158

research-article | 11-January-2021

On the molecular identity of Paratylenchus nanus Cobb, 1923 (Nematoda: Tylenchida)

female plus the anterior part of another from Virginia. He selected the specimen from Virginia as lectotype of P. nanus (Raski, 1975). Geraert (1965) in his review of the genus Paratylenchus, suggested that P. nanus should be a synonym of P. bukowinensis. Similarity and possible synonymization with P. bukowinensis have been already mentioned by Cobb (1923) in the P. nanus species description. Later, Thorne and Smolik (1971) re-described and illustrated P. nanus from specimens collected from native

Sergei A. Subbotin, Guiping Yan, Mihail Kantor, Zafar Handoo

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–7

Report | 25-March-2020

From DNA to blood groups

A blood group antigen is a protein or carbohydrate on the outer surface of a RBC.  Portions of DNA are transcribed and translated into proteins.  A protein-based blood group antigen is the direct product of a gene whereas a carbohydrate-based blood group antigen is an indirect product of a gene; the gene product is a glycosyltransferase that transfers a carbohydrate moiety to a protein, or to another carbohydrate to form a chain of sugars.  This report gives a brief description

Marion E. Reid

Immunohematology, Volume 24 , ISSUE 4, 166–169

Research Article | 08-December-2021

The problem of statistical assessment of the potential for the development of regional integration processes

comparative analysis of the potential for the development of integration processes allows a comprehensive and quantitative description of the current regional integration processes taking place in the modern economy under certain regional models.

Oleksandr Osaulenko, Olena Bulatova, Olha Zakharova, Natallia Reznikova

Statistics in Transition New Series, Volume 22 , ISSUE 4, 121–138

research-article | 30-November-2020

Is contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) useful in the assessment of obstructive uropathy-induced perfusion disorders?

Sergiusz Ustyniak, Ilona Kurnatowska, Ludomir Stefańczyk, Magdalena Kaczmarska, Patryk Wieczorek

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 87, 348–352

Article | 21-July-2017

Sectonema caobangense sp. n. from Vietnam (Nematoda, Dorylaimida, Aporcelaimidae)


Journal of Nematology, Volume 48 , ISSUE 2, 95–103

research-article | 06-November-2020

Morphological and molecular characterization of Epidorylaimus procerus sp. n. (Dorylaimida: Qudsianematidae) from Vietnam

in mm, and paratype measurements are average ± sd (range). Description Female There were moderately slender (a = 29-33) nematodes of medium size, 2.16-2.46-mm long. Their body was cylindrical, tapering anteriorly, extended posteriorly as an elongate, conical, and had a curved tail. Upon fixation, the habitus slightly curved ventrad, C- to hook-shaped. The cuticle was two-layered, 2 to 3-µm thick at the anterior region, 3.5 to 4 µm in mid-body, and 6.5 to 8.5 µm on the tail; the outer layer

Thi Anh Duong Nguyen, Reyes Peña-Santiago

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–8

Research Article | 14-February-2019


The paper is focused on the proposal regarding the regional transport organization within Integrated Transport System in a given territory using the selected multi-criteria analysis methods. Introductory parts of this research study include basic information related to this topic as well as description of the current state of the public passenger transport operation, specifically the Integrated Transport System, on a particular territory. Subsequent part of the paper consists of specification


Transport Problems, Volume 13 , ISSUE 4, 115–125

Review | 29-September-2017

Standards for musculoskeletal ultrasound

paper discusses ultrasound criteria that are common for many specialties as well as detailed criteria for the examined regions and structures along with their description. The aim of the paper is to harmonize the protocol for ultrasound examination in all ultrasound laboratories.

Zbigniew Czyrny

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 70, 182–187

short-communication | 17-September-2021

First Isolation of Exiguobacterium aurantiacum in Serbia

and confirmation were performed using matrix-assisted description/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS) (Brucker, Carteret, NJ, USA). The following day, a blood sample was taken from an adult male, aged 65 years, who became febrile (38.4°C) after a radical prostatectomy. The samples were incubated in aerobic and anaerobic blood culture bottles (BioMerieux, Marcy l’Etoile, France). Gram-positive bacilli have been found in both bottles and were subsequently


Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 70 , ISSUE 3, 405–407

research-article | 25-May-2020

Description and molecular phylogeny of Mesocriconema abolafiai n. sp. (Nematoda: Criconematidae) from Iran

: excretory pore (arrow). Description Female Body is slightly curved ventrally when relaxed by heat, assuming an open C-shaped. Cuticular annuli are retrorse, and margins are smooth to irregular across the entire body, without any hint of crenation. Not more than one anastomosis is observed. Cephalic region is not offset, tapering and slightly conical. Oral disc has rounded edges, and slit-like amphidial apertures are located laterally on the disc. Four small flattened submedian lobes are visible

Hossein Mirbabaei Karani, Ali Eskandari, Reza Ghaderi, Akbar Karegar

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–17

research-article | 26-March-2021

First report of Bitylenchus ventrosignatus (Tobar Jiménez, 1969) Siddiqi, 1986 associated with wild grass in Botswana

differ in the female stylet length (13–14 vs 12.5–15 µm), female neck length (102–114 vs 98–121 µm), and male body length (470–521 vs 560–580 µm). In addition, the cuticle around the vulva showed ventral line irregular undulations (Figs. 1E-F and 2D). This character has been described in the original description for B. ventrosignatus (Geraert et al., 1975; Geraert, 2011; Tobar Jiménez, 1969). Irregular line undulation has been described for B. parvulus Hosseinvand et al., 2020; however, they differ

Ebrahim Shokoohi

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–9

research-article | 30-November-2020

Morphological and molecular characterisation of Tripylina gorganensis from the Slovak Republic as a contribution to the redescription of the species

body length) 5.0 ± 0.4 (4.0–5.5) 7.94 5.3 ± 0.6 (4.5–6.7) 10.40 Rectum/cloaca length 31.0 ± 2.2 (26.8–34.2) 7.21 42.0 ± 4.9 (34.0–49.2) 11.62 Spineret length 2.1 ± 0.2 (1.8–2.3) 7.86 2.3 ± 0.4 (1.7–2.9) 17.20 Note: All measurements are in µm and in the form: mean ± S.D. (range) CV. Description Female Body long and relatively slender, arcuate ventrally after gentle heat treatment with posterior part of body more curved than anterior. Cuticle smooth, 1.8 (1.4–2.3) µm thick. Body

Marek Renčo, Katarzyna Rybarczyk-Mydłowska, Łukasz Flis, Magdalena Kubicz, Grażyna Winiszewska

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–10

research-article | 30-November-2020

Morphological and Molecular Characterization of Quinisulcius curvus from China

). Results and description Systematics Quinisulcius curvus (Williams, 1960) Siddiqi, 1971 (=Tylenchorhynchus curvus Williams, 1960) (Figures 1–4; Table 1) Figure 1: Quinisulcius curvus Female. (A) Entire female; (B) Pharyngeal region; (C-E) Lip region; (F, G) Vulval region; (H) Lateral lines; (I-L) Tail regions. Scale bars (A = 10 μm; B-L = 10 μm) Abbreviation: a=anus; exp = excretory pore; ph = phasmid; v = vulva. Figure 2: Phylogenetic relationships within selected genera of subfamily

Jianfeng Gu, Maria Munawar, Pablo Castillo, Bo Cai

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–11

Article | 01-September-2015


Yongqing Wang, Chunxiang Wang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 8 , ISSUE 3, 1706–1729

Research Article | 17-October-2018

Description of Aphelenchoides giblindavisi n. sp. (Nematoda: Aphelenchoididae), and Proposal for a New Combination

Farzad Aliramaji, Ebrahim Pourjam, Sergio Álvarez-Ortega, Farahnaz Jahanshahi Afshar, Majid Pedram

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 3, 437–452

Article | 21-July-2017

Data on Some Species of the Genus Coslenchus Siddiqi, 1978 (Rhabditida, Tylenchidae) from Iran

Data on five known species of the genus Coslenchus are provided. Morphological and morphometric data are given for all studied species. Three of the recovered species were also characterized by molecular phylogenetic data. The species C. leiocephalus was studied for the first time since its original description. Males of the species, C. franklinae and C. oligogyrus were described for the first time and the species C. oligogyrus was reported from Iran for the first time. In molecular


Journal of Nematology, Volume 48 , ISSUE 4, 268–279

research-article | 30-November-2018


; they allow for overcoming the level difference reaching 43.6 m. The canal is classified as one of the most important water routes in Poland [13, 14, 15]. One of the unique solutions along the Gliwice Canal is its crossing with the Klodnica River, built as an inverted siphon and known as the Klodnica siphon. 3. DESCRIPTION OF THE KLODNICA SIPHON The canal runs along an embankment in the place where it crosses the Klodnica River and the water level difference between the two watercourses reaches


Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 12 , ISSUE 3, 93–104

research-article | 30-November-2019

Characterization of a population of Pelodera strongyloides (Nematoda: Rhabditidae) associated with the beetle Lucanus ibericus (Coleoptera: Lucanidae) from Georgia

, and mtCOI. Trees were bootstrapped 1,000 times to assess node support. Original sequences were deposited in GenBank under accession numbers: LR700238 to LR700241 for the D2 to D3 expansion domains of the 28S RNA gene; LR700237 for the ITS region; and LR700242 for the mitochondrial COI. Results Morphometrics of pelodera Strongyloides Georgian population Measurements and figures are reported in Tables 1, 2 and Figures 1-3. Description Female: Body slightly is curved on ventral side, more

O. Gorgadze, A. Troccoli, E. Fanelli, E. Tarasco, F. De Luca

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–12

Article | 31-December-2020


features, description of the events, and choice of only the crucial ones. The presented novel approach does not follow any standard algorithms. It is a practical hardware implementation of custom solution, based on processing system, which can be well situated in the safety modules of future cars.


Transport Problems, Volume 15 , ISSUE 4, Part 1, 105–116

Article | 21-July-2017

Description of Enchodorus yeatsi n. sp. (Dorylaimida, Nordiidae) from Southern Iran and Its Molecular Phylogenetic Study


Journal of Nematology, Volume 49 , ISSUE 1, 21–26

research-article | 30-November-2020

Description of Prionchulus jonkershoekensis n. sp. (Nematoda: Mononchida), a new predatory species from South Africa

-H) Vagina; (I) Caudal region. Figure 3: Scanning electron micrographs of Prionchulus jonkershoekensis n. sp. female. (A) Lip region (Frontal view); (B) Lateral view showing labial and cephalic papillae and amphidial fovea; (C) Tail; (D) Vulva (ventral view). (L.p- Labial papillae, C.p- Cephalic papillae, Am- Amphidial fovea). Description Female: Slender to moderately slender (a = 23–30) nematodes, 1.78–2.14 mm long. Body cylindrical, tapering toward tail terminus. Habitus ventrally

Candice Jansen van Rensburg, Hendrika Fourie, Samad Ashrafi, Milad Rashidifard

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–10

original-paper | 01-May-2021

First Description of Various Bacteria Resistant to Heavy Metals and Antibiotics Isolated from Polluted Sites in Tunisia


Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 70 , ISSUE 2, 161–174

Research Article | 01-September-2017


This paper describes the hardware implementation methodologies of fixed point binary division algorithms. The implementations have been extended for the execution of the reciprocal of the binary numbers. Radix-2 (binary) implementations of digit recurrence and multiplicative based methods have been considered for comparison. Functionality of the algorithms have been verified in Verilog hardware description language (HDL) and synthesized in Xilinx ISE 8.2i targeting the device xc4vlx15-12sf363

D. Kumar, P. Saha, A. Dandapat

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 10 , ISSUE 3, 630–645

Article | 01-December-2016


Fabricating a sensor for a toxic gas like carbon monoxide has been a constant need in many domestic and industrial applications. Although many sensors are commercially available, research is focused on developing a selective sensor with higher sensitivity, selectivity and low operating temperature. This paper reviews the fabrication, comparison and evaluation of different nanostructured titanium dioxide sensors used in detection. After a brief description of the structural properties of , the

Roshan Castelino, Pramod N G

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 9 , ISSUE 4, 2237–2256

Article | 04-June-2018

Creating a Conference Poster with High-Resolution Network Figures

conference posters – Microsoft PowerPoint – is not suitable for posters that include network figures. Instead, we suggest the use of Inkscape, a free and open-source tool, or a comparable vector graphics tool to prepare your posters. The goal of this article is to provide a tutorial-like description of the critical steps for creating a conference poster with high-resolution network figures.

Jürgen Pfeffer

Connections, Volume 37 , ISSUE 1-2, 95–100

research-article | 30-November-2018

Meloidogyne aegracyperi n. sp. (Nematoda: Meloidogynidae), a root-knot nematode parasitizing yellow and purple nutsedge in New Mexico

– 28.4 ± 2.8 – (0.8–1.7) – (23.6–34.6) c – – – 5.8 ± 0.4 – – – (5.1–6.5) Spicule length – – 23.6 ± 1.8 – – – (21.8–25.4) – Hyaline tail terminus – – – 22 ± 2.0 – – – (18.5–26.6) Description Female Mature females with their egg masses are usually contained completely inside galled root tissues. They are very small (373 µm long) and pearly white. Their body shape is unique from many other species because the neck is often at a 90 to 130° angle to the protruding posterior end

J. D. Eisenback, L. A. Holland, J. Schroeder, S. H. Thomas, J. M. Beacham, S. F. Hanson, V. S. Paes-Takahashi, P. Vieira

journal of nematology, Volume 51 , 1–16

research-article | 01-October-2021

Redescription and phylogenetic analysis of the type species of the genus Panagrellus Thorne, 1938 (Rhabditida, Panagrolaimidae), P. pycnus Thorne, 1938, including the first SEM study

) – 77.4 ± 3.3 (70–81) Gubernaculum length – 30.0 ± 1.2 (29–32) Notes: Measurements in μ m and in the form: mean ± standard deviation (range) where appropriate. Demanian indices (de Man, 1881): a = body length/body diameter; b = body length/pharynx length; c = body length/tail length; c’ = tail length/anal body diameter; V = (distance from anterior region to vulva/body length)x100. Description Adult Moderately slender to slender nematodes of small size, 0.93–1.32 mm long. Upon fixation

Joaquín Abolafia, Matteo Vecchi

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–20

Research Article | 06-July-2018

The Forgotten Children

This article provides a description of the author’s learning journey as she makes the commitment to provide for gifted children at the early childhood education service in which she works. The author examines research which highlights the reasons for identifying young gifted children. She includes issues that teachers may be experiencing which impact on the identification of gifted young children not being included in daily practice. Possible solutions are given as suggestions to overcome

Lynette Radue

Apex, Volume 15 , ISSUE 1, 45–55

Research Article | 03-December-2018

Description of Gracilacus paralatescens n. sp. (Nematoda:Paratylenchinae) found from the rhizosphere of Bamboo in Zhejiang, China

Munawar Maria, Ruihang Cai, Weimin Ye, Thomas O. Powers, Jingwu Zheng

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 4, 611–622

research-article | 30-November-2018

Description of Hirschmanniella dicksoni n. sp. (Nematoda: Pratylenchidae) from rhizosphere soil of limpograss from Florida, USA

description of new species, resulting in over estimation of species in the genus Hirschmanniella. However, these species were later considered as synonyms of a well-characterized species (Khun et al., 2015). However, Hirschmanniella also comprises cryptic species such as H. santarosae and H. pomponiesis that can be overlooked based on morphological observation alone (Tandingan De Ley et al., 2007). It is very likely that the genus includes cases of synonymous species, as well as cryptic species that are

Alemayehu W. Habteweld, Faruk Akyazi, Soumi Joseph, William T. Crow, Eyualem Abebe, Tesfamariam Mekete

Journal of Nematology, Volume 51 , 1–15

research-article | 18-March-2020

Description of Seinura italiensis n. sp. (Tylenchomorpha: Aphelenchoididae) found in the medium soil imported from Italy

Jianfeng Gu, Munawar Maria, Lele Liu, Majid Pedram

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–11

research-article | 30-November-2019

Description of Deladenus brevis n. sp. (Sphaerularioidea: Neotylenchidae) from Iran: a morphological and molecular phylogenetic study

Fariba Heydari, Joaquín Abolafia, Majid Pedram

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–13

research-article | 30-November-2020

Morphological and molecular characterization of Xiphinemella esseri Chitwood, 1957 (Dorylaimida: Leptonchidae) from Florida, with the first molecular study of the genus

and description Systematics Xiphinemella esseri (Chitwood, 1957). Figure 1. Figure 1: Xiphinemella esseri (Chitwood, 1957) (light photomicrographs). A: Male, entire body; B: Female, entire body; C: Anterior region in dorso-ventral median view; D, F: Anterior region in lateral median view (F, arrow pointing on odontophore basal flanges); E: Lip region in surface lateral view; G: Lateral chord; H: Uterine egg; I: Pharyngeal expansion; J: Vagina; K: Anterior genital branch in part (showing

Sergio Álvarez-Ortega, Sergei A. Subbotin, Renato N. Inserra

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–9

Research Article | 21-April-2017

Study of the asynchronous traction drive's operating modes by computer simulation. Part 2: simulation results and analysis

. The description of methods applied in modeling of traction drive elements (traction motors, power converters, control systems), as well as of mechanical part and of "wheel-rail" contact, was given. In Part 2, the results of dynamic electromechanical processes modeling in various modes of electric locomotive operation (start and acceleration, traction regime in straight and curve railway sections, wheel-slide protection, etc.) are presented. In perspective, based on the developed model, the


Transport Problems, Volume 10 , ISSUE 3, 5–15

Article | 21-July-2017

First Report of Heterorhabditis amazonensis from Venezuela and Characterization of Three Populations

During a survey in western Venezuela in 2011, three new populations of Heterorhabditis amazonensis (LPV081, LPV156, and LPV498) were isolated. Some differences were found in terms of morphometry compared with the original description; however, the distance from the anterior end to the excretory pore is the most variable character; significantly shorter in all infective juveniles and in other developmental stages depending on the population. According to a Principal Component Analysis, LPV498


Journal of Nematology, Volume 48 , ISSUE 3, 139–147

Research Article | 17-October-2018

Characterization of Meloidogyne indica (Nematoda: Meloidogynidae) Parasitizing Neem in India, with a Molecular Phylogeny of the Species

juveniles, males and females were carried out by light compound and scanning electron microscopy. Gross morphology and measurements were found consistent with the original description of M. indica infecting citrus by Whitehead (1968). The neem population was found to infect and reproduce on citrus. Additionally, evolutionary relationship was deduced by Maximum likelihood method using ITS rRNA, D2D3 expansion segment of 28S rRNA and mitochondrial COI sequences. Phylogenetic analyses based on these

Victor Phani, Satyapal Bishnoi, Amita Sharma, Keith G. Davies, Uma Rao

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 3, 387–398

Article | 01-December-2014


In Bag of Words image presentation model, visual words are generated by unsupervised clustering, which leaves out the spatial relations between words and results in such shorting comings as limited semantic description and weak discrimination. To solve this problem, we propose to substitute visual words by visual phrases in this article. Visual phrases built according to spatial relations between words are semantic distrainable, and they can improve the accuracy of Bag of Words model

Tao Wang, Wenqing Chen, Bailing Wang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 4, 1470–1492

Article | 26-August-2018


treated as a description of earlier research.

Małgorzata MIZIA

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 9 , ISSUE 3, 21–33

research-article | 30-November-2020

First report of Seville root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne hispanica (Nematoda: Meloidogynidae) in the USA and North America

measurements for this isolate are shorter from the original description 392.0 (356.4–441.4) μm. The mean values of the stylet length and tail length are also shorter from the population described by Hirschmann (1986) but still within the range. All other morphology and morphometrics of the South Carolina population fit very well with the type specimens from the original description. Figure 1: Photomicrographs of Meloidogyne hipsanica juveniles. (A–C) anterior end; (D) lateral field; (E, F) posterior ends

Andrea M. Skantar, Zafar A. Handoo, Sergei A. Subbotin, Mihail R. Kantor, Paulo Vieira, Paula Agudelo, Maria N. Hult, Stephen Rogers

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–7

research-article | 30-November-2020

Liver herniation into the pericardium mimicking a pericardial tumor: unusual presentation of trisomy 13

Case description A 34-year-old gravida 2 para 1 was referred for fetal echocardiography following a diagnosis of a hyperechogenic focus in the left ventricle at 22 weeks of gestation. The patient was in her second single low-risk pregnancy. Her first daughter was healthy. A combined first trimester screening test was performed at 13 weeks. Fetal nuchal translucency (NT) equaled 1.8 mm for a crown-rump length (CRL) 72 mm, with a fetal heart rate (FHR) of 164/min, and no tricuspid valve

Joanna Szymkiewicz-Dangel, Maria Magdalena Hussey

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 87, 353–356

research-article | 24-April-2019

Description of Rotylenchus rhomboides n. sp. and a Belgian population of Rotylenchus buxophilus (Tylenchomorpha: Hoplolaimidae)

Citrus aurantium (citrus) Spain EU373675 Citrus aurantium (citrus) Spain R. urmiaensis KP718966 KP718971 Corylus spp. Iran KP718967 KP718972 Corylus spp. Iran R. vitis JN032581 JX015417 Vitis vinifera (grapevine) Spain JX015418 Vitis vinifera (grapevine) Spain S. brachyurus JX472089 Sansevieria laurentii USA S. truncatum KX959308 Unknown USA Note: Newly added sequences are indicated by bold font. Description Females Body relatively small, habitus

Huu Tien Nguyen, Quang Phap Trinh, Marjolein Couvreur, Phougeishangbam Rolish Singh, Wilfrida Decraemer, Wim Bert

Journal of Nematology, Volume 51 , 1–20

research-article | 30-November-2018

Description of Ektaphelenchus koreanus n. sp. (Nematoda: Ektaphelenchidae) with morphometrical notes on the Ektaphelenchus species

diam 10.8 10.3 ± 0.9 (8.2–11.7) 9.6 ± 0.7 (8.5–11.0) Median bulb length/diam 1.5 1.6 ± 0.1 (1.4–1.8) 1.5 ± 0.0 (1.5–1.6) Excretory pore position 89.6 86.7 ± 4.7 (77.1–93.5) 86.1 ± 5.5 (76.3–92.7) Spicule(chord) – – 13.2 ± 0.3 (12.7–13.7) Ovary or testis length 372 298 ± 66.7 (201–411) 148 ± 14.1 (130–171) Post-uterine sac length 14.5 11.3 ± 2.1 (7.1–14.7) – Post vulval intestinal/blind sac 102 81.9 ± 16.4 (55.0–106.0) – Description. Female On fixation, the body assumes slightly

Jianfeng Gu, Munawar Maria, Yiwu Fang, Lele Liu

Journal of Nematology, Volume 51 , 1–13

research-article | 30-November-2019

Description of Deladenus gilanica n. sp. (Hexatylina: Neotylenchidae) isolated from wood of black pine in Northern Iran

was recovered from a wood sample of a dead pine tree (Pinus niger L.) in Siahkal region, Guilan Province, Northern Iran. The observations revealed that this population appeared to be morphologically and morphometrically distinct from any existing Deladenus species and it is herein described as D. gilanica n. sp. The objectives of the present study were: (i) to provide an accurate description of the new species by an integrative approach to morphological and molecular characterization using the

Parisa Jalalinasab, Mehrab Esmaeili, Weimin Ye, Ramin Heydari

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–10

research-article | 30-November-2020

Steinernema sandneri n. sp. (Rhabditida: Steinernematidae), a new entomopathogenic nematode from Poland

Systematics Steinernema sandneri n. sp. LSID: 051B950B-081C-4FD9-A8C2-22E7106C29BE. (Figures 1–8; Tables 1–6). Description Infective juvenile Body straight or slightly abdominally curved when heat-relaxed, tapering gradually from the base of esophagus to the anterior end and from anus to the distal end. Second-stage cuticle present shortly after leaving the host body, with six labial and four cephalic papillae, but lost in storage after a few days/weeks (depending on the temperature). Cephalic region

Magdalena Lis, Ewa Sajnaga, Marcin Skowronek, Adrian Wiater, Kamila Rachwał, Waldemar Kazimierczak

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–24

Research Article | 21-April-2017

A framework for categorizing risks in High Speed Train (HST) projects: the example of the first HST in Brazil

High Speed Train projects are exposed to risks of different natures, such as: low participation of private companies in the new railways construction, lack of skilled labor, high technology not available in the internal market, high costs with land acquisition, among others. Such risks if not managed properly can become real problems and compromise the achievement of the project objectives. The risk identification is the process of collection and description of events that can have negative

Viviane GRUBISIC, Elisete ZAGHENI, Yesid ASAFF, Acires DIAS

Transport Problems, Volume 10 , ISSUE SE, 37–46

Research Article | 04-December-2011


sensing for nulling and centering measurements. The detailed description of the physical and operating principles of this invented transducer are presented.

O. Malik, F. J. De la Hidalga-W

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 4 , ISSUE 4, 686–697

Article | 09-August-2018


even the most detailed description of physical materials and methods of construction  

Marcin Mateusz Kołakowski

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 9 , ISSUE 1, 21–34

Article | 26-August-2018


This paper is a continuation of the paper “Triaxial tests on weak cohesive soils – some practical remarks (part 1)” and concerns the problems related to the preparation of weak cohesive soils for triaxial testing. This part (2/2) presents detailed description and discussion of the issues related to installation of specimen in the apparatus and assembling various accessories before the main test. It is based on the Authors’ own experience and literature review. Some

Małgorzata JASTRZĘBSKA, Magdalena KOWALSKA

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 9 , ISSUE 3, 81–93

Article | 28-August-2018


, industrial districts, etc. The transition from the conurbation into quarters is discussed and the search for elements that combine and bind the quarters space with external elements in view of social and spatial structures. Within such structures, a description of a typical urban quarter – Rokitnica in Zabrze is given, together with a concept of the revitalization of a local quarter centre. The elaborations were prepared within the study subjects “Urban Revitalization and Regeneration” and “Regional

Michał STANGEL, Agnieszka CIELIŃSKA, Łukasz HARAT

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 10 , ISSUE 2, 21–33

Article | 31-December-2020


data resources, backgrounds, and methodologies. The review of papers shows that results may be strongly dependent on the subject region (especially the climate zone), human behavior, and the legal framework (e.g., speed restrictions). However, the local view is important as well, and information regarding specific road attributes should not be overlooked. Comparison of the results of individual studies can be problematic owing to the myriad of different methodologies, so the description of any

Dominika JARMUŻ, Jerzy CHMIEL

Transport Problems, Volume 15 , ISSUE 4, Part 2, 241–251

research-article | 09-September-2021

Ultrasonography-guided sialolithotomy and stricture dilations of the major salivary glands: a preliminary study

Kaan Orhan, Poyzan Bozkurt, Zeynep Serap Berktaş, Mehmet Hakan Kurt

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 86, 237–243

Article | 21-July-2017

Species Delimitation and Description of Mesocriconema nebraskense n. sp.(Nematoda: Criconematidae), a Morphologically Cryptic, Parthenogenetic Species from North American Grasslands


Journal of Nematology, Volume 49 , ISSUE 1, 42–66

research-article | 17-March-2020

Description of Laimaphelenchus sinensis n. sp. (Nematoda: Aphelenchoididae) from declining Chinese pine, Pinus tabuliformis in Beijing, China

-uterine sac length/vulva to anus (%) 44.8 49.8±5.5 (39.7-55.8) – Anal (cloacal) body diameter 14.1 13.3±0.7 (12-14.1) 16.3±1.0 (15.3-18.2) Tail length 36.1 34.9±3.2 (29-38.6) 44.1±1.8 (41.8-46.4) Spicule (curved median line) – – 14.0±0.6 (13.2-15) Spicule (Chord) – – 15.6±0.9 (14.1-16.6) Note: All measurements are in µm and in the form of mean ± SD (range) Description Female Body is slender, cylindrical, and J-shaped when heat killed. Cuticle has fine annulations. Lateral field has

Jianfeng Gu, Munawar Maria, Yiwu Fang, Lele Liu, Yong Bian, Xianfeng Chen

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–1

Research Article | 21-April-2017

Study of the asynchronous traction drive's operating modes by computer simulation. Part 1: Problem formulation and computer model

at the realization of various control algorithms must be obtained. Another objective is to research the dynamic processes in various modes of the electric locomotive operation (start and acceleration, traction regime, coasting movement, wheel-slide protection, etc). To solve these problems, a complex computer model based on the representation of AC traction drive as controlled electromechanical system, is developed in Part 1. The description of methods applied in modeling of traction drive


Transport Problems, Volume 10 , ISSUE 2, 125–136

Research Article | 21-April-2017


and temperature, and other commercially available systems. The article presents a detailed description of driver assistance systems and virtual prototyping methodology for these systems, as well as the numerical results of the verification of one of the systems.


Transport Problems, Volume 10 , ISSUE 4, 137–149

Article | 01-September-2014


The intelligent home system finished the wireless or remote control for all the indoor electric devices through the intelligent terminals. The description about the integrated network architecture and the interconnecting mechanisms for the reliable measurement of parameters by smart sensors and transmission of data via internet is being presented. The wireless communication technology includes the WiFi, Zigbee and mobile communications. The system presented the design of the hardware part and

Xin Zhenghua, Chen Guolong, Hong Li, Qixiang Song, Chen Lei, Shi Yaqi, Wu Gang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 3, 1095–1113

Original Paper | 27-September-2017

Coomassie Blue G250 for Visualization of Active Bacteria from Lake Environment and Culture

Bacteria play a fundamental role in the cycling of nutrients in aquatic environments. A precise distinction between active and inactive bacteria is crucial for the description of this process. We have evaluated the usefulness of Coomassie Blue G250 for fluorescent staining of protein containing potentially highly active bacteria. We found that the G250 solution has excitation and emission properties appropriate for direct epifluorescence microscopy observations. It enables fast and effective

Bartosz Kiersztyn, Waldemar Siuda, Ryszard Chróst

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 66 , ISSUE 3, 365–373

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