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Original Paper | 29-September-2017

The feasibility of using high-resolution ultrasonography to assess ulnar nerve in patients with diabetes mellitus

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the usefulness of high-resolution ultra­sonography for the diagnosis of polyneuropathy in diabetes mellitus patients by the exami­nation of the ulnar nerves. Method: We recruited 100 healthy age-matched volunteers (50 women and 50 men) with 200 arms without diabetes or cubital tunnel syndrome as the control group. We assessed the upper limbs of 100 diabetes mellitus patients (45 women and 55 men), 40 of whom had electrophysiologically

Jun Chen, Chun-Lei Wang, Shan Wu, Shan He, Jun Ren

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 70, 160–166

research-article | 30-June-2021

Effects of artemisinin and TSP-1-human endometrial-derived stem cells on a streptozocin-induced model of Alzheimer’s disease and diabetes in Wistar rats

initiating inflammation events. Additionally, the accumulation of plaques leads to ongoing neoangiogenesis, increased vascular permeability, and further hypervascularization (Jefferies et al., 2013), and it plays a considerable role in the pathogenesis of AD and tissue injury. AD is strongly correlated to diabetes, leading scientists to term it type 3 diabetes. According to the American Diabetes Association, having diabetes is a second risk factor in the later progression of AD in older populations

Poorgholam Parvin, Yaghmaei Parichehreh, Noureddini Mehdi, Hajebrahimi Zahra

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 81 , ISSUE 2, 141–150

Short Communication | 15-March-2016

Etiologic Agents and Antifungal Susceptibility of Oral Candidosis from Romanian patients with HIV-infection or type 1 diabetes mellitus

This is the first Romanian investigation of oral candidosis in patients suffering of HIV-infection or type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM).Candida albicans was the dominant species in both types of isolates: n = 14 (46.7%) in T1DM, n = 60 (69.8%) in HIV. The most frequent non-albicans Candida spp. were Candida kefyr (n = 6; 20%) in T1DM and Candida dubliniensis (n = 8; 9.3%) in HIV. Resistance to fluconazole was detected only in the HIV non-albicans Candida group (n = 8; 9.3%). All isolates were

Bogdan Minea, Valentin Nastasa, Anna Kolecka, Magdalena Mares, Narcisa Marangoci, Irina Rosca, Mariana Pinteala, Monica Hancianu, Mihai Mares

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 65 , ISSUE 1, 123–129

research-article | 31-July-2020

Aerobic exercise has an anxiolytic effect on streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats

INTRODUCTION Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder that manifests itself with chronic hyperglycemia and partial or complete loss of insulin secretion (American Diabetes Association, 2010). Today, diabetes has spiked to an epidemic level worldwide (Tabish, 2007). Wild et al. (2004) reported that the prevalence of diabetes was 2.8% in 2000 and is expected to rise to 4.4% by 2030. Therefore, the current 171 million diabetics around the globe may increase to 366 million by the year 2030 (Wild

Hasan Caliskan, Firat Akat, Goktug Omercioglu, Gulbahar Bastug, Hakan Ficicilar, Metin Bastug

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 80 , ISSUE 3, 245–255

research-article | 23-September-2021

IS THERE A RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE INTESTINAL MICROBIOTA AND DIABETES?

composition of microbiota might promote the development of numerous conditions, including metabolic disorders such as diabetes [20, 22, 32]. The pathomechanism of diabetes is complex and has not been fully elucidated yet. Nevertheless, it is known that it may be influenced by numerous factors, both genetic and environmental ones [14]. Intestinal microbiota is more and more commonly listed as a factor determining the etiopathogenesis of diabetes [7, 22, 32]. More and more studies provide evidence for the

Alicja Wujkowska, Beata Sińska

Advancements of Microbiology – Postepy Mikrobiologii, Volume 60 , ISSUE 3, 195–200

research-article | 15-June-2020

High-resolution ultrasonography of the sural nerve in diabetic peripheral neuropathy

Introduction Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic disorders characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from impairment in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both. Chronic hyperglycemia in the course of diabetes is associated with long-term damage, dysfunction, and failure of various organs, especially the eyes, kidneys, nerves, heart, and blood vessels. Long-term complications of diabetes include retinopathy with potential loss of vision; nephropathy leading to renal failure; peripheral

Kunwar Pal Singh, Kamlesh Gupta, Nilanshu Kataria, Vijinder Arora, Nimisha Nagpal

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 81, e83–e89

research-article | 18-December-2020

Achilles tendon degeneration on ultrasound in type 2 diabetic patients

Introduction The Achilles tendon (AT) is the largest, toughest, and strongest tendon in the human body, formed when the aponeurosis of the soleus and gastrocnemius muscles combine(1). It extends from the myotendinous junction distally to its insertion site on the upper half of the posterior surface of the calcaneus. It is approximately 15 cm long and 6 mm thick(1). Tendinopathy is one of the musculoskeletal manifestations of diabetes mellitus. Diabetes mellitus (DM) causes pathological changes

Babalola Ishamel Afolabi, Bukunmi Michael Idowu, Stephen Olaoluwa Onigbinde

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 83, 291–299

research-article | 28-September-2020

Shear wave elastography reveals a high prevalence of liver fibrosis in overweight or obese Hispanic youth

risk(5). In addition, Hispanics with NAFLD progress into NASH at a younger age and have a worse prognosis when compared to non-Hispanic whites(6–8). Type 2 Diabetes (T2DM) is another major risk factor for NAFLD and NASH(9–11), and the leading cause of liver disease in the United States. Approximately 50% of adults with T2DM have NAFLD and the prevalence of T2DM among adults with cirrhosis is as high as 57%(9). Current evidence suggests that insulin resistance may be an important pathogenic factor

Sanjeet Sandhu, Carisse Orsi, Gary L. Francis, Zhu Wang, Roman Fernandez, Naim Alkhouri

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 82, 162–168

Case report | 29-June-2016

Charcot arthropathy in ultrasound examination – a case report

This article presents a patient with a long history of type 1 diabetes mellitus complicated with neuropathy and Charcot disease. The most common cause of neuropathic osteoarthropathy, called Charcot osteoarthropathy, is poorly controlled diabetes. The clinical picture is characterized by considerable edema, redness and increased skin temperature with relatively slight pain due to injury to nerve fibers responsible for pain sensation. The differential diagnosis should include bacterial or

Mateusz Płaza, Anna Nowakowska-Płaza, Marta Walentowska-Janowicz, Marek Chojnowski, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 65, 210–215

Research Article | 29-December-2017

High resolution ultrasonography of the tibial nerve in diabetic peripheral neuropathy

Aim of the studyHigh-resolution ultrasonography of the tibial nerve is a fast and non invasive tool for diagnosis of diabetic peripheral neuropathy. Our study was aimed at finding out the correlation of the cross sectional area and maximum thickness of nerve fascicles of the tibial nerve with the presence and severity of diabetic peripheral neuropathy.Material and methods75 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus clinically diagnosed with diabetic peripheral neuropathy were analysed, and the

Kunwarpal Singh, Kamlesh Gupta1, Sukhdeep Kaur

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 71, 246–252

research-article | 24-June-2021

Angiotensin IV improves spatial memory in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats by reducing oxidative stress and altering BDNF levels

INTRODUCTION Diabetes mellitus (DM), which has been rapidly increasing in prevalence worldwide, causes many complications in the body, particularly structural and functional disorders in peripheral and central nervous system (Charnogursky et al., 2014). Hyperglycemia is known to cause cognitive dysfunction in individuals with DM (Saedi et al., 2016). Although the underlying pathophysiology of cognitive dysfunction in diabetic patients has not been fully elucidated, cerebrovascular and

Aysu Kilic, Savas Ustunova, Birsen Elibol, Huri Bulut, Ismail Meral, Gulderen Sahin

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 81 , ISSUE 2, 1–11

Position Paper | 20-December-2018

PREDIABETES AND THE NEED FOR CARDIOVASCULAR RISK ASSESSMENT IN AVIATION

ABSTRACT Obesity, the disease of the twenty-first century, has a range of serious consequences to health. These are related in part to abnormal glucose levels, resulting in inflammatory and atherogenic response, hypertension and abnormal lipid profile. This increases the risk of cardiovascular disease significantly besides developing diabetes later. Hyperglycaemia is diagnosed with impaired fasting glucose and/or impaired glucose tolerance or elevated glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c). The Royal

Sanjiv Sharma, Michael Drane

Journal of the Australasian Society of Aerospace Medicine, Volume 10 , 1–7

Research Article | 20-May-2019

THE ROLE OF STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS IN THE CLINICAL DIAGNOSIS OF DIABETIC PATIENTS

diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM2). However, the colonization by S. aureus is a probable risk factor for infection. Among S. aureus virulence factors, superantigens (SAgs) are essential for pathogenicity. The long-term effect of the superantigen toxic shock syndrome toxin-1 (TSST-1) might be glucose intolerance. This toxin also induces systemic inflammation as a result of the increased exotoxin concentration in blood, and, therefore, may be the causative factor of diabetes. Chronic exposure to

Renata Barbara Klekotka, Elżbieta Mizgała-Izworska, Witold Drzastwa2, Bogdan Mazur

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 57 , ISSUE 2, 166–178

original-paper | 26-August-2020

Determining Risk Factors for Dengue Fever Severity in Jeddah City, a Case-Control Study (2017)

). Other factors have to come into play for the progression to severe forms of the disease. It might be possible that the genetic makeup of the host affects the likelihood of progression to severe disease. One hypothesis suggests that chronic diseases’ prior existence may influence the risk of severity (Kyle and Harris 2008). A prospective observational study using the 1997 dengue classification for clinical purposes (Jain et al. 2017) found that co-morbidities such as diabetes mellitus, hypertension

WAJD A. ABUALAMAH, HUSSAIN S. BANNI, HUSSAIN A. ALMASMOUM, YONIS A. ALLOHIBI, HASAN M. SAMARIN, MOHAMMED A. BAFAIL

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 69 , ISSUE 3, 331–337

Original Paper | 31-August-2018

Intima–media complex thickness and carotid atherosclerotic plaque formation in Lublin’s population in the context of selected comorbidities

Introduction: Atherosclerosis (arteriosclerosis) is a chronic arterial disease of the arteries with chronic inflammatory. The pathology of atherosclerosis is complex, and the atherosclerotic process is multi-factorial, not fully understood. Risk factors of atherosclerotic lesions may include: lipid disorders, hypertension or diabetes. One of the diagnostic methods of discovering atherosclerosis covers the assessment of the intima–media complex thickness by Doppler ultrasonography. Aim: The aim

Tomasz Słomka, Anna Drelich-Zbroja, Magdalena Jarząbek, Małgorzata Szczerbo-Trojanowska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 73, 133–139

Research Article | 13-September-2016

Behavioral Weight Loss Treatment for Youth Treated With Antipsychotic Medications

Background:Youth who are being treated with antipsychotic medications are at increased risk for the development of obesity and type 2 diabetes. Behavioral weight loss treatments show promise for reducing obesity and diabetes risk among adults treated with these drugs, but such treatments have not previously been studied in youth.Objective:We describe a rationale for behavioral weight loss intervention for high-weight youth being treated with antipsychotic medications. We report behavioral

Ginger E. Nicol, Rachel P Kolko, Monica Mills, Thrudur Gunnarsdottir, Michael D. Yingling, Julia A. Schweiger, Eric J. Lenze, John W. Newcomer, Denise Wilfley

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 4 , ISSUE 2, 96–104

Review Article | 30-March-2018

Diabetic foot syndrome: Charcot arthropathy or osteomyelitis? Part I: Clinical picture and radiography

Aleksandra Konarzewska, Anna Korzon-Burakowska, Ludomira Rzepecka-Wejs, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Edyta Szurowska, Michał Studniarek

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 72, 42–49

Research Article | 20-May-2019

ROLE OF MICROBIOTA IN MAINTAINING THE HOMEOSTASIS IN THE HUMAN BODY

and number of intestinal microbiota may contribute to the development of numerous infectious (HIV), metabolic (diabetes, obesity) and immunological (allergy, asthma, rheumatoid arthritis) diseases, as well as conditions associated with various organs (kidneys, liver, heart, inflammatory bowel disease, Crohn’s disease), cancer (colon) and the nervous system (autism, sleeping problems, stress, chronic fatigue syndrome, schizophrenia, Alzheimer’s disease). The composition of the

Katarzyna Góralska, Magdalena Dzikowiec

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 57 , ISSUE 1, 5–11

Case report | 29-December-2020

A case report: cold hemagglutinin disease in a pancreatic and renal transplant patient

A 33-year-old white male, 30 days postpancreatic transplant, with a history of juvenile onset diabetes mellitus and previous renal transplant, appeared to have cold hemagglutinin disease (CHD). He was being treated for acute organ rejection and had received two units of red blood cells (RBCs) on postoperative day 11, at which time no serum antibodies were detectable. On postoperative day 30, serum studies showed an autoanti-I with a titer of 512 in 30 percent albumin at 4°C and a maximum

Catherine Y. Beiting, Kathleen S. Larimore

Immunohematology, Volume 4 , ISSUE 4, 85–87

Research paper | 13-December-2018

COMPARISON OF DIABETIC NEPHROPATHY ONSET TIME OF TWO GROUPS WITH LEFT TRUNCATED AND RIGHT CENSORED DATA

The present paper is concerned with the comparison of the nephropathy onset time of type-2 diabetic patients, grouped on the basis of gender and age at the time of diabetes diagnosis. Diabetic Nephropathy (DN) onset time is assumed to follow Weibull distribution with fixed left truncation. The likelihood ratio test is applied on uncensored cases and Thoman and Bain two sample tests is applied with generated left truncated Weibull distributions. To avoid the model validity issues for left

Alka Sabharwal, Gurprit Grover

Statistics in Transition New Series, Volume 19 , ISSUE 3, 527–549

Research Article | 21-May-2019

PATHOGENICITY OF LACTOBACILLUS SP. – RISK FACTORS, IDENTIFICATION, ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE

lactobacilli, such as neutropenia in immunocompromised patients and certain underlying diseases, especially diabetes. Also, lactobacilli have a natural resistance to some antibiotics, especially vancomycin. The identification of lactobacilli can be very difficult due to the number of species, subspecies and genotypic or phenotypic traits. The most advanced procedures are molecular DNA-based techniques. Conventional biochemical tests can be also used to determine some differences. Lactobacilli infection can

Marta Kłos

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 56 , ISSUE 2, 180–186

Research Article

PROBIOTICS AND THEIR POTENTIAL ANTIOXIDATIVE ACTIVITY

Human population in the XXI century is struggling with the increasing incidence of such diseases as obesity, diabetes, cancers, food allergies and many others. Recent studies have shown that oxidative stress caused by reactive oxygen species and free radicals, may underlie the occurrence of many diseases. Probiotics are known for their beneficial effects on health and are established as dietary adjuncts. Researchers are trying to find potential probiotic strains which can exhibit antioxidant

Nina Trojan, Paweł Satora

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 56 , ISSUE 1, 18–27

Research paper | 18-May-2018

Long-term behavioral, histological, biochemical and hematological evaluations of amyloid beta-induced Alzheimer’s disease in rat

and learning abilities and memory were concomitantly decreased. Onsets of various other conditions such as liver and kidney disorders, diabetes, and metabolic syndrome were observed, which indicates that the animals may be prone to cardiovascular disorders and ischemia.

Raheleh Kheirbakhsh, Mahnaz Haddadi, Ahad Muhammadnejad, Alireza Abdollahi, Farshad Shahi, Behzad Amanpour-Gharaei, Azadeh Abrahim-Habibi, Tahereh Barati, Saeid Amanpour

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 78 , ISSUE 1, 51–59

original-paper | 27-December-2020

Benefits of Soleris® over the Conventional Method for Enumeration of Microbial Load in Salacia Herbal Extract

Introduction Salacia, a genus is one of the medicinal plants group broadly used to treat many ailments viz. hypoglycemia, hypolipidemia, inflammation, and diabetic patients. Salacia is represented by 21 species in India, of which 15 species occur in Peninsular India with S. reticulata and S. oblonga as predominant species (Bagnazari et al. 2017). The root of Salacia spp. (S. chinensis, S. reticulata, S. oblonga) is one of the preferred drug sources for treating diabetes in the indigenous

SADANAND YEWALE, ZEBA FARASH, SANMAN KOLHE, SASIDHARAN SAKKAN, SHRINIVAS BHOPE, PRADNYA AMBEKAR, SRIRAM PADMANABHAN

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 69 , ISSUE 4, 453–462

Review | 31-August-2018

Ultrasonographic criteria of cesarean scar defect evaluation

myometrial tear at the wound site. Such an ultrasound appearance is referred to as a niche, and it forms after a cesarean section at the site of the hysterotomy of the anterior uterine wall, most commonly within the uterine isthmus. Currently, the exact cause of niche formation remains unexplained, yet the risk factors for its development are universally acknowledged. They include the site of hysterotomy, multiple previous cesarean section deliveries, suturing technique and maternal diabetes or smoking

Andrzej Woźniak, Krzysztof Pyra, Hugo Rio Tinto, Sławomir Woźniak

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 73, 162–165

research-article | 30-November-2020

Ultrasonographic evaluation of the median nerve: normal and variant anatomy and appearance

Kitija Nulle, Aija Jaudzema

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 87, 318–325

review-article | 31-December-2019

Fetal cardiac function by three-dimensional ultrasound using 4D-STIC and VOCAL – an update

malformations. In recent years, functional echocardiography has been used to study fetuses with a structurally normal heart but who are susceptible to hemodynamic changes due to the presence of extra-cardiac conditions, including, among others, fetal growth restriction, tumors/masses, twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome, fetal anemia (Rh alloimmunization), congenital infections, or maternal diseases such as diabetes mellitus, systemic arterial hypertension, and Graves’ disease(8–11). The assessment of cardiac

Nathalie Jeanne Bravo-Valenzuela, Alberto Borges Peixoto, Milene Carvalho Carrilho, Ana Letícia Siqueira Pontes, Caroline Cevante Chagas, Christiane Simioni, Edward Araujo Júnior

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 79, 287–294

Review | 28-June-2019

Guidelines for ultrasound examination in ophthalmology. Part III: Color Doppler ultrasonography

, ophthalmological disorders with a vascular background, especially in diabetes mellitus and proliferative retinopathy, diseases connected with the carotid and vertebral artery dysfunction as well as eyeball and orbital injuries. Furthermore, a person performing and interpreting the examination should pay special attention to the morphology of the vascular wall and efficiency of the carotid and vertebral supply arteries. An additional factor that influences the retrobulbar circulation is the application of local

Monika Modrzejewska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 77, 128–136

research-article | 30-November-2019

Salt and sugar detection system using a compact microstrip patch antenna

S. N. Njokweni, P. Kumar

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 13 , ISSUE 1, 1–9

Article | 10-June-2019

NEW SPECIES OF BACTERIA IN HUMAN INFECTIONS

also depends on the availability of nutrients in the substrate. Around the colony, there may occur haemolysis of the type α or γ. The following species are usually isolated from the cases of infection: G. adiacens, G. elegans, G. paraadiacens. Risk factors for Granulicatella spp. include: steroid therapy, intravenous therapy, eating disorders (including anorexia, bulimia, but also dietary change), circulatory disorders and diabetes. Most often, these bacteria cause infective endocarditis (IE) on

Alicja Sękowska, Eugenia Gospodarek-Komkowska

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 58 , ISSUE 1, 29–34

Review | 13-September-2016

intra-abdominal fat, reflection patterns, localization, ultrasound, diagnostic criteria

Unaltered fat is a permanent component of the abdominal cavity, even in slim individuals. Visceral adiposity is one of the important factors contributing to diabetes,  cardiovascular diseases and certain neoplasms. Moreover, the adipose tissue is an important endocrine and immune organ of complex function both when normal and pathological. Its role in plastic surgery, reconstruction and transplantology is a separate issue. The adipose tissue has recently drawn the

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk, Elżbieta Bernatowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 62, 318–325

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