Introduction. Numerous reviews of the currently established concepts, strategies and diagnostic tools used in epilepsy surgery have been published. The focus concept which was initially developed by Forster, Penfield and Jasper and popularised and enriched by Luders, is still fundamental for epilepsy surgery. Aim. To present different conceptual views of the focus concept and to discuss more recent network hypothesis, emphasizing so-called "critical modes of an epileptogenic circuit"
Heinz Gregor Wieser
Journal of Epileptology , ISSUE 2, 115–140
and epigenetic modification of gene functions.
The methods used to measure oxidative status vary among the studies included making comparisons of study findings difficult to achieve. To be used as diagnostic tools, it is critical that the biomarkers used can be stable, able to accumulate to different detectable concentrations and correlate to symptoms severity. In order to clarify the incongruities found, more studies are needed in the study of neurodevelopmental disorders, with more reliable
Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 2, 129–138
its location and may involve intraperitoneal hemorrhage, gastrointestinal and portal system bleeding with concomitant portal hypertension and bleeding from esophageal varices. Wide access to diagnostic tests, for example ultrasound, computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging, helps establish the correct diagnosis and a therapeutic plan as well as select appropriate treatment. After a procedure, the same diagnostic tools enable assessment of treatment efficacy, or are used for the monitoring
Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 73, 148–151
ultrabiomicroscopic examination tools. Moreover, its position among other methods for echographic examination of an eyeball was determined. Examination techniques and the role of standards of conduct at each stage of a diagnostic procedure were discussed. A role of insufficient cooperation between constructors of new ultrasonographic diagnostic tools and software IT specialist with the users of these tools, which results in the lack of consistency between the components of these sets was emphasized. Based on long
Rimvydas Stanislovas Ašoklis
Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 75, 344–348