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research-article

Differential diagnosis of fat-containing lesions in the inguinal canal using ultrasound

Introduction There are several sites of reduced strength in the abdominal wall. Symmetrical inguinal canals, which are the most common location of hernia, are one of such sites. Furthermore, other pathological lesions that should be included in the differential diagnosis may be found here. The aim of the paper is to present fat-containing lesions located in the inguinal canal based on both our own experience and literature. Embryogenesis and differences in the structure and content of the

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 78, 222–227

Case report

A reminder of peristalsis as a useful tool in the prenatal differential diagnosis of abdominal cystic masses

With routine antenatal ultrasound and recent advances in ultrasound technology, fetal intraabdominal cystic masses are recognized more often and are better characterized than in the past. They may be classified as solid and cystic, and may originate from multiple structures. When considering the extensive differential diagnosis of cystic masses, the observation of peristalsis narrows the possibilities to the gastrointestinal tract. To find this feature on ultrasound, the examiner must expressly

Eugenio O. Gerscovich, Simran Sekhon, Thomas W. Loehfelm, Sandra L. Wootton-Gorges, Adam Greenspan

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 69, 129–132

Review

Intra-abdominal fat. Part III. Neoplasms lesions of the adipose tissue

epithelioid tumor at this site is mesothelioma. The last but not least group includes secondary malignant tumors without an adipocyte component located in intra-abdominal fat. This is the most numerous group with prevailing carcinoma foci. For each of these groups, the authors present ultrasound features of individual lesions and discuss their differential diagnosis. In the vast majority of cases, the material for cytological and histological analysis can be obtained during ultrasound-guided procedures

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk, Elżbieta Bernatowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 65, 145–154

Conference Presentation

SUDDEN VISUAL DISTURBANCE IN AN AIRCREWMAN – INVESTIGATION AND DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

Wolfgang Seckler

Journal of the Australasian Society of Aerospace Medicine , 13–15

Review Paper

Jeavons syndrome – updated review

Introduction. Eyelid myoclonia and absences (ELMA) was first described by Jeavons in 1977 as a separate type of photosensitive epilepsy. Aim and method. The aim is to consider the updated electro-clinical pathophysiology and to discuss terminology, classification and differential diagnosis. The review includes our own research and relevant papers on the subject of Jeavons syndrome (JS). Review and differential diagnosis. Definition: Jeavons syndrome is a generalized idiopathic (genetic

Athanasios Covanis

Journal of Epileptology , ISSUE 2, 113–123

Review

Intra-abdominal fat. Part II: Non-cancerous lesions of the adipose tissue localized beyond organs

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk, Elżbieta Bernatowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 64, 32–43

Case report

Cognitive functions in myoclonic epilepsy with ragged red fibres – a case report

symptoms such as multifocal myoclonus, cerebellar syndrome (gait impairment, intention tremor, ataxia and dysmetria). The diagnosis of MERRF was confirmed at the age of 16. Neuropsychological examination showed slowing of verbal learning and deficient spontaneous recall with improvement on recognition as well as low verbal fluency. Discussion. The authors discuss differential diagnosis of mitochondrial diseases (MIDs) in respect to cognitive function impairment and, in particular, to dementia: MELAS

Martyna Domańska, Emilia J. Sitek, Michał Schinwelski, Maria Mazurkiewicz-Bełdzińska, Agnieszka Matheisel, Jarosław Sławek

Journal of Epileptology , ISSUE 1, 69–74

Original Paper

Doppler ultrasound appearance of neck tumors

Aim: The purpose of this study was the evaluation of the sonographic appearance of neck tumors and determining the features useful in differential diagnosis. Material and method: The studied group consisted of 57 patients: 16 patients with carotid body tumors, 9 patients with neurogenic tumors, 8 patients with venous anomalies, 12 patients with neck cysts, 6 patients with lipomas, 5 patients with extracranial carotid artery aneurysms and 1 with a laryngocele. Results: All carotid paragangliomas

Anna Szymańska, Marcin Szymański, Wiesław Gołąbek, Anna Drelich-Zbroja, Tomasz Jargiełło

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 73, 96–102

case-report

Duplicated inferior vena cava with coexisting multiple vascular anomalies and their clinical implications: a case report

Cezary Gołąbek, Karolina Druć, Zuzanna Dusińska, Jakub Franke, Emil Głowacki, Agata Kuskowska, Adrianna Mróz, Oliwia Opacka, Oktawia Pięta, Anna Świderska, Karol Welc, Dominika Jaguś, Agnieszka Krauze, Maciej Jędrzejczyk

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 78, 236–239

Case report

Abnormal portal vein waveform as an indicator of constrictive pericarditis – a case report

. Hepatic veins distention with pathological reverse fl ow during systole was reported. Additionally, inferior vena cava was dilated and remained unchanged through the respiratory cycle. Basing on the above image a heart disease, which had not been taken into differential diagnosis before, was suggested. The following echocardiography, together with computed tomography, enabled a diagnosis of constrictive pericarditis. Successful pericardiotomy was performed. Such a complicated diagnostics happened to

Joanna Ścieszka, Józefa Dąbek, Paweł Cieślik

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 61, 227–230

Case report

The value of ultrasound in the diagnosis of limited scleroderma – a case report

artefact and MicroPure option on ultrasound examination in differential diagnosis of soft tissue calcifi cations. Making the correct diagnosis can attribute to precise planning of surgical treatment.

Grzegorz Pracoń, Mateusz Płaza, Marta Walentowska-Janowicz, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 62, 326–331

case-report

Sonographic diagnosis of large-cell calcifying Sertoli cell tumor

with Carney complex were benign(5). Malignancy should be suspected if the lesion is larger than 4 cm, or when there are more than three mitoses per 10 high power fields, extratesticular growth, necrosis, hemorrhage, significant nuclear atypia and angiolymphatic invasion. Malignant tumors can metastasize to retroperitoneal lymph nodes or, less commonly, to the lungs, liver, and bones(6). Ultrasound plays a crucial role in the differential diagnosis of testicular lesions(7). LCCSCTs are characterized

Osman Ocal, Dilek Ertoy Baydar, Ilkay Sedakat Idilman, Hasan Serkan Dogan, Serdat Tekgul, Mustafa Ozmen

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 77, 161–164

research-article

A BRIEF UPDATE ON PSYCHOGENIC NON-EPILEPTIC SEIZURES: A CHALLENGE TO OVERCOME

, compared to those with ES, is often less favorable (Kanemoto et al., 2017), a longer dependence on diagnostic and therapeutic services is required. PNES: A DIAGNOSTIC CHALLENGE Elements useful to the diagnosis consist of patient history and description of attacks, and if at all possible, an eyewitness description of events. Chen et al. (2019) confirmed the importance of eyewitnesses’ report for the differential diagnosis between PNES and ES, with good accuracy (improvement from 76% to 83%). If home

Massimiliano Beghi, Cesare Maria Cornaggia, Ettore Beghi

Journal of Epileptology , 27–32

Original Paper

Sonoelastographic evaluation for benign neck lymph nodes and parathyroid lesions

7.83 ± 3.35 mm, respectively. The mean E-index and size in Group 3 were 1.88 ± 0.59 and 11.60 ± 4.96 mm, respectively. There were statistically significant differences between the groups in terms of E-index (p <0.01). Conclusions: When reactive jugular lymph nodes, perithyroidal lymph nodes of Hashimoto thyroiditis patients and parathyroid lesions are compared, it seems that strain sonoelastography indices add a benefit to routine practice in the differential diagnosis of parathyroid lesions and

Namik Kemal Altinbas, Cemil Yagci

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 75, 284–289

Case report

The diagnostic dilemma of non-convulsive status epilepticus in sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease

lateralized epileptiform discharges and NCSE was considered. Discussion. The presented case illustrates the dilemma in the differential diagnosis of sCJD and (symptomatic) NCSE in the light of the recently published new Salzburg consensus criteria and unified EEG terminology. Concerning these criteria, the patient showed after an initial generalized seizure and substantial clinical improvement after administration of antiepileptic drugs, persisting epileptic discharges and only subtle clinical ictal

Matthias Wittstock, Uwe Walter, Daniela Schirrmeister, Kyrylo Kurtieiev, Jan Klinke, Annette Grossmann, Johannes Rösche

Journal of Epileptology , ISSUE 1-2, 53–58

Review

Guidelines for ultrasound examination in ophthalmology. Part III: Color Doppler ultrasonography

method has been used in the assessment of flow hemodynamics in retinopathy of prematurity, diabetes mellitus, thyroid disorders, and strabismus(48–50). On the basis of long-term research, it seems that diagnostic CDI is particularly valuable in the assessment of vascularization of intrabulbar tumorous changes and in differential diagnosis of intrabulbar tumors. The assessment of intrabulbar tumor vasculature combined with a US B examination and other ultrasound traits determined with CDI enable the

Monika Modrzejewska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 77, 128–136

Pictorial Review

Acrania-exencephaly-anencephaly sequence phenotypic characterization using two- and three-dimensional ultrasound between 11 and 13 weeks and 6 days of gestation

systematic fetal head and brain examination including the formation of cranial bones, choroid-plexus and ventricles. Acrania-exencephaly-anencephaly sequence and/or other neural tube defects, such as meningoencephalocele, may be identified during a routine 11–14 week scan. Early first trimester detection of acrania-exencephaly-anencephaly sequence with the characterization of different related phenotypes, 2D and 3D ultrasound imaging as well as differential diagnosis are also presented in this pictorial

Eduardo Félix Martins Santana, Edward Araujo Júnior, Gabriele Tonni, Fabricio Da Silva Costa, Simon Meagher

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 74, 240–246

Review

Is pneumoperitoneum the terra ignota in ultrasonography?

intercostal spaces on the right and left side, to the epigastric region below the xiphoid process and in various sites of the abdominal wall. The most effective examination, however, is conducted in the left lateral position via the right intercostal spaces. The differential diagnosis on the right side under the diaphragm should include the presence of a subdiaphragmatic abscess with gas and a hepatic abscess with a similar content as well as transposition of the colon in 

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 61, 189–195

Review Article

Chest wall – a structure underestimated in ultrasonography. Part III: Neoplastic lesions

Chest wall neoplasms mainly include malignancies, metastatic in particular. Differential diagnosis should include clinical data; tumor location, extent, delineation; the degree of homogeneity; the presence of calcifications; the nature of bone destruction and the degree of vascularization. The aim of the paper is to present both the benefits and limitations of ultrasound for the diagnosis of chest wall neoplasms. The neoplastic process may be limited to the chest wall; it may spread from the

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk, Elżbieta Bernatowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 71, 281–288

Case report

Charcot arthropathy in ultrasound examination – a case report

This article presents a patient with a long history of type 1 diabetes mellitus complicated with neuropathy and Charcot disease. The most common cause of neuropathic osteoarthropathy, called Charcot osteoarthropathy, is poorly controlled diabetes. The clinical picture is characterized by considerable edema, redness and increased skin temperature with relatively slight pain due to injury to nerve fibers responsible for pain sensation. The differential diagnosis should include bacterial or

Mateusz Płaza, Anna Nowakowska-Płaza, Marta Walentowska-Janowicz, Marek Chojnowski, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 65, 210–215

Research Article

Early-Onset Schizophrenia: Exploring the Contribution of the Thought Disorder Index to Clinical Assessment

-psychotic disorders.Although the two groups could not be distinguished with regard to their total scores for thought disorder, the identification of specific thought disorder types proved useful for differential diagnosis. Verbalizations that were categorized by the TDI as “absurd responses,” “fluidity,” “contamination,” “autistic logic,” and “word-finding difficulty” were only given by patients who had been diagnosed with schizophrenia. When patients’ responses were scored with the use of the CS, the

Dorte Bundgaard Andersen, Ditte Lammers Vernal, Niels Bilenberg, Mette Skovgaard Væver, Anne Dorte Stenstrøm

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 23–30

Review

Mistakes in ultrasound examination of salivary glands

salivary glands. However, in part, it occurs typically and requires an extended differential diagnosis. Small focal changes and infiltrative lesions pose a diagnostic problem because their etiology cannot be safely suggested on the basis of an ultrasound examination itself. The safest approach is to refer patients with abnormal focal changes for an ultrasoundguided fine-needle aspiration biopsy.Badanie ultrasonograficzne jest pierwszą metodą obrazową stosowaną w przypadku chorób ślinianek. W artykule

Ewa J. Białek, Wiesław Jakubowski

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 65, 191–203

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