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research-article | 30-November-2018

Effects of maternal thyroid hormone deficiency on differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells in CSF-exposed neonatal Wistar rats

growing embryo relies on the mother for thyroid hormones during the first half of pregnancy (Sahay et al., 2012). When pregnancy is accompanied by hypothyroidism, an array of unexpected problems are possible for both the mother and fetus (Sahay and Nagesh, 2012). T4 and T3 ligand regulate neural differentiation and control dendritic and axonal growth, neural cell migration, synaptogenesis, myelination, and signaling (Bernal, 2015). Previous investigations have reported that hypothyroidism during

Vida Mafikandi, Nasim Hayati Roodbari, Mohammad Nabiuni, Parichehreh Yaghmaei

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 79 , ISSUE 3, 271–276

research-article | 06-November-2020

The potential of eugenol as a nematicidal agent against Meloidogyne javanica (Treub) Chitwood

(Leela and Ramana, 2000). Ntalli et al. (2011) reported that mixtures of terpenes have significant synergistic effect against Meloidogyne incognita which cause paralysis. Nematostatic activity was evaluated to show efficacy of nematicides against root-knot nematodes (McGarvey et al., 1984). The objectives of the present study were to determine (i) the nematicidal and nematostatic activity of eugenol on second-stage juveniles (J2) of M. javanica, (ii) the differentiation of eugenol inhibition on

Eleni Nasiou, Ioannis O. Giannakou

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–10

original-paper | 17-September-2021

Rapid Detection and Differentiation of KPC and MBL Carbapenemases among Enterobacterales Isolates by a Modified Combined-Disk Test

Escherichia coli ATCC 25922, Klebsiella pneumoniae ATCC BAA-1705, and Klebsiella pneumoniae ATCC BAA-1706. Statistical analysis. The sensitivity and specificity were determined to assess the performance of mCDT for the identification and differentiation of carbapenemase using PCR results as a standard. Data were analyzed using the VassarStats online software ( Results Species distribution and carbapenemase genes. One hundred and sixty-three CRE and ninety 3GCeRE isolates comprised


Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 70 , ISSUE 3, 387–394

Research Article | 31-March-2017

Is it possible to differentiate between pseudopneumoperitoneum and similar pathologies ultrasonographically?

gas surface to the diaphragm was observed in 100% of the cases of emphysema, but in no cases of intestinal interposition. Yet, in the group of patients with colonic interposition (n = 21) there was always a small gap (2–3 mm) and the gas surface among those patients in 100% of the cases was uneven. Conclusions Conclusions In differentiation between pneumoperitoneum and liver-diaphragm interposition of the intestine one should take into account – apart from gas movement below the diaphragm at body

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 68, 30–35

Book Review | 06-July-2018

Book Review: Differentiation Made Practical

Lynda Garrett

Apex, Volume 16 , ISSUE 1, 49–51

Article | 16-February-2021

An update on the I blood group system

, and differentiation.13 MAPK enzymes transfer phosphate groups to specific serine, threonine, or tyrosine residues on target proteins. This phosphorylation effectively acts as a molecular switch to turn proteins “on” or “off” within minutes of an extracellular signal or stimuli. MAPK phosphorylation is balanced by phosphoprotein phosphatases, which act to remove phosphate groups.14 SHP2 (Src homology region 2 domain–containing tyrosine phosphatase) is a major phosphatase expressed in hematopoietic

L. Cooling

Immunohematology, Volume 35 , ISSUE 3, 85–90

review -article | 31-March-2020

Optimization of diagnostic ultrasonography of the gallbladder based on own experience and literature

: assessment of the degree of gallbladder wall congestion and/or ischemia in cholecystitis(25); differentiation between pseudopolyps and true polyps (it is often possible to visualize vasculature in the latter(26)) (Fig. 19); detecting pathological vascularization in gallbladder cancer and invaded tissues(26–28) (Fig. 20); diagnosis of gallbladder varices(29–31) (Fig. 21 A and Fig. 21 B); visualization of a twinkling artifact in focal adenomyomatosis of the gallbladder(1,26) (Fig. 4 B and Fig. 6

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk, Elżbieta Bernatowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 80, e29–e35

Report | 26-October-2019

Proposed criterion for distinguishing ABO mosaics from ABO chimeras using flow cytometric analysis

Differentiation of ABO mosaics from chimeras is performed using flow cytometry (FCM) analysis. Although mosaics and chimeras have been distinguished by presence or absence of clear resolution using FCM analysis, the lack of quantitative metrics and definitive criteria for this differentiation has made some cases difficult to differentiate. In this study, therefore, we attempted to establish a definitive and quantitative criterion for this differentiation. When FCM histogram gates for group

Akira Oda, Nobuki Matsuyama, Mizuko Hirashima, Hiroyuki Ishii, Keiko Kimura, Harumichi Matsukura, Fumiya Hirayama, Keisei Kawa, Yasuo Fukumori

Immunohematology, Volume 31 , ISSUE 1, 24–28

Research Article | 22-May-2019


Małgorzata Łyszcz, Anna Gałązka

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 56 , ISSUE 3, 341–352

research-article | 18-December-2020

High frequency ultrasound assessment of labial glands simulating small nodules or granulomas after lip augmentation

perilabial area rejuvenation. Unfortunately, due to the lack of an ideal filling substance, a significant increase in the number of procedures and cases when they are performed by unauthorised individuals, there has been a growing number of complications. The most common complications of lip filling procedures include nodules that are deposits of the filling material and foreign body granulomas (FBG). They are very difficult for clinical differentiation, especially since aesthetic medicine clinics offer

Ewa Skrzypek, Robert Krzysztof Mlosek

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 83, 261–267

Case report | 29-December-2017

A twin pregnancy with a hydatidiform mole and a coexisting live fetus: prenatal diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up

Twin molar pregnancy with a hydatidiform mole and a coexisting live fetus is a rare form of gestational trophoblastic disease associated with an increased risk of obstetric complications and poor perinatal outcome. Prenatal diagnosis is essential for couple counseling and follow-up in Tertiary Reference Centers. Magnetic resonance imaging is important for the diagnostic differentiation of placental mesenchymal dysplasia and exclusion of myometrial invasion. Here we present a case of twin molar

Antonio Braga, Bruna Obeica, Heron Werner, Sue Yazaki Sun, Joffre Amim Júnior, Jorge Rezende Filho, Edward Araujo Júnior

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 71, 299–305

research-article | 30-November-2020

Morphological and molecular characterization of Filenchus pseudodiscus n. sp. from east Golestan province, north Iran; with an updated phylogeny of Malenchus Andrássy, 1968 (Tylenchomorpha: Tylenchidae)

differentiation in frontal end of cephalic region of the new species under LM. Diagnosis and relationships The new species is mainly characterized by its disc-like differentiation at frontal end under LM, smooth cephalic region under SEM and a narrow annulus behind the cephalic plate (Fig. 3C). It is further characterized by having a squarish four lobed cephalic plate including vestigial cephalic papillae at corners, short longitudinal amphidial slits under SEM, lateral fields with four incisures, offset

Parnaz Mortazavi, Fariba Heydari, Joaquín Abolafia, Pablo Castillo, Majid Pedram

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–14

Research Article | 24-May-2019


belonging to ST2, the most frequently found clonal type of hospital-associated invasive S. epidermidis, are characterized by bacterial biofilm formation and resistance to methicillin, amongst other antibiotics. S. epidermidis is mainly responsible for bloodstream infections and other biomedical device-related infections. Treating infections characterized by biofilm formation is problematic. An additional challenge is differentiation between actual S. epidermidis bloodstream infections and blood probe

Beata Podgórska, Danuta Kędzia

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 57 , ISSUE 4, 348–359

Article | 05-October-2019


Anna Kisiel, Katarzyna Jęckowska

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 58 , ISSUE 3, 317–327

Review | 13-September-2016

Ultrasound imaging of the liver and bile ducts – expectations of a clinician

elastography. The assessment of fatty liver and bile duct dilatation using ultrasound reaches satisfactory levels of sensitivity and specifi city. The usage of contrast agents enables unambiguous differentiation between benign and malignant focal lesions, frequently allowing them to be identifi ed accurately without the assistance of other imaging modalities. Elastography has enabled reliable assessment of liver fi brosis. Its results are comparable to those of the standard method

Krzysztof Skoczylas, Andrzej Pawełas

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 62, 292–306

Research Article | 06-July-2018

Cluster Grouping for the Gifted and Talented: It Works!

. Used in conjunction with differentiation, pull-out programmes, and effective professional development for teachers, it can deliver a full-time, cost-effective programme for gifted and talented students. This article discusses the benefits of the strategy to school communities as a whole, and considers both affective and achievement outcomes for students. Implementation is presented in theory and in respect of a case study – a New Zealand school that has successfully adapted the concept in

Megan Biddick

Apex, Volume 15 , ISSUE 1, 78–86

research-article | 30-November-2018

Isolation and characterization of human amniotic fluid and SH-SY5Y/BE(2)-M17 cell derived exosomes

differentiation (CD) markers. Isolated exosomes were incubated for 1 h at 4°C with the following two antibodies: 4 μg of PE conjugated anti CD63 monoclonal antibody (H5C6, Mouse / IgG1, kappa) (eBioscience, Cat. No. 12-0639-42) and 4 μg of FITC conjugated anti CD9 monoclonal antibody (SN4 C3-3A2, Mouse/IgG1, kappa) (eBioscience, Cat. No. 11-0098-42). Next, the samples were fixed with 5% paraformaldehyde, and the stained and fixed samples were subsequently diluted in 500 μl of filtered PBS and FACS buffer was

Nayer Seyfizadeh, Narges Seyfizadeh, Reza Rahbarghazi, Alireza Nourazarian, Sajed Borzouisileh, Abdolhakim Palideh, Farideh Elahimanesh, Hamed Hamishehkar, Leyla Salimi, Mohammad Nouri, Maryam Abtin

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 79 , ISSUE 3, 262–270

Research Article | 15-February-2020

On Evolution of CMOS Image Sensors

market of image sensors exploding courtesy their integrationwithcommunicationandcomputationdevices,technology developers improved the CMOS processes to have better optical performance. Nevertheless, the promises of focal plane processing as well as on-chip integration have not been fulfilled. The market is still being pushed by the desire of having higher number of pixels and better image quality, however, differentiation is being difficult for any image sensor manufacturer. In the paper, we will

Luiz Carlos Paiva Gouveia, Bhaskar Choubey

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 5, 1–6

mini-review | 27-December-2020

Hepatitis B Virus: From Diagnosis to Treatment


Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 69 , ISSUE 4, 391–399

research-article | 09-September-2021

The definitive role of CEUS in an ambiguous case of renal cell carcinoma

Katarzyna Drelich, Monika Zbroja, Weronika Cyranka, Olga Pustelniak, Ewa Kopyto, Maryla Kuczyńska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 86, 248–251

Editorial | 13-September-2016

Diagnostyka obrazowa jąder

common neoplasms in men at the age of 20–40. Ultrasound imaging is the method of choice characterized by the sensitivity of nearly 100% in the differentiation between intratesticular and extratesticular lesions. In the case of doubtful lesions that are not classifi ed for intra-operative verifi cation, nuclear magnetic resonance is applied. Computed tomography, however, is performed to monitor the progression of a neoplastic disease, in pelvic trauma with scrotal injury as

Michał Studniarek, Katarzyna Skrobisz-Balandowska, Elza Modzelewska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 62, 245–258

Research Article | 17-October-2018

High Mitochondrial Genome Diversity and Intricate Population Structure of Bursaphelenchus xylophilus in Kyushu, Japan

, clearly classified into two clades. Haplotype diversity was 0.83, evidencing a remarkable high diversity within Kyushu. The high genetic differentiation among the 12 populations (0.331) might be due to past invasion and expansion routes of PWN in northeastern and southeastern Kyushu. The distinct genetic composition of populations within the northwestern, central western, and southwestern Kyushu seems to be mostly related to the extinction of pine forests and long-range migration of PWN due to human

Hanyong Zhang, Erika Okii, Eiji Gotoh, Susumu Shiraishi

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 3, 281–302

research-article | 30-November-2020

Phylogenetics and genetic variation of Heligmosomoides thomomyos in Western pocket gophers (Thomomys spp.)

tentative morphological identification of Heligmosomoides species, to evaluate the potential for cryptic species, and to elucidate intraspecific relationships. A haplotype analysis and statistical analyses were conducted to examine geographic patterns. Lastly, population differentiation statistics were calculated to better understand the genetic diversity within and among populations. Materials and methods Specimen collection One-hundred and sixteen Thomomys specimens were collected between March 2018

Malorri R. Hughes, Alexandra A. Gibson, Emily R. Wolfe, Cecily D. Bronson, Deborah A. Duffield

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–11

Research Article | 24-August-2017


For close to two decades after the fall of communism in 1989, Polish higher education enjoyed an unprecedented period of development. Favourable political, economic, social and demographic changes led to a fivefold increase in the number of students and the number of higher educational institutions. The dynamic changes and their effects did not occur uniformly, in either space or time. An attempt is made here to identify and analyse the regional differentiation between Polish provinces in terms

Wojciech Łukaszonek

Statistics in Transition New Series, Volume 18 , ISSUE 2, 271–290

Original Paper | 30-March-2017

A Comparative Study: Taxonomic Grouping of Alkaline Protease Producing Bacilli

and the results were in concurrence with phylogenetic analyses of the 16S rRNA genes. While ITS-PCR provided the highest correlation with 16S rRNA groups, (GTG)5-PCR showed the highest differentiation at species and intra-species level. In this study, each of the biotechnologically valuable alkaline protease producing isolates was grouped into their taxonomic positions with multi-genotypic analyses.

Nilgun Tekin, Arzu Coleri Cihan, Basar Karaca, Cumhur Cokmus

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 66 , ISSUE 1, 39–56

Case report | 26-October-2019

Severe hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn due to anti-C+G

identification of the correct antibody was delayed because the differentiation of anti-C+G and anti-D+C was not considered important during pregnancy since the father was D–. In addition, anti-C+G and anti-G titer levels were not found to be as reliable as is generally considered in Rh immunization. Severe HDFN occurred at a maternal anti-C+G antibody titer of 8 and anti-G titer of 1 in comparison with the critical titer level of 16 or more in our laboratory. Close collaboration between the

Riina Jernman, Vedran Stefanovic, Anu Korhonen, Katri Haimila, Inna Sareneva, Kati Sulin, Malla Kuosmanen, Susanna Sainio

Immunohematology, Volume 31 , ISSUE 3, 123–127

Review | 13-September-2016

Standards of ultrasound imaging of the adrenal glands

histopathological entities but cortical adenomas without hormonal hyperfunction are the most common. Each abdominal ultrasound scan of a child or adult should include the assessment of the suprarenal areas. If a previously non-reported, incidental solid focal lesion exceeding 1 cm (incidentaloma) is detected in the suprarenal area, computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging should be conducted to confi rm its presence and for differentiation and the tumor functional status should be determined

Rafał Z. Słapa, Wiesław S. Jakubowski, Katarzyna Dobruch-Sobczak, Anna A. Kasperlik-Załuska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 63, 377–387

Review Article | 30-March-2018

Diabetic foot syndrome: Charcot arthropathy or osteomyelitis? Part I: Clinical picture and radiography

One of significant challenges faced by diabetologists, surgeons and orthopedists who care for patients with diabetic foot syndrome is early diagnosis and differentiation of bone structure abnormalities typical of these patients, i.e. osteitis and Charcot arthropathy. In addition to clinical examination, the patient’s medical history and laboratory tests, imaging plays a significant role. The evaluation usually begins with conventional radiographs. In the case of osteomyelitis, radiography shows

Aleksandra Konarzewska, Anna Korzon-Burakowska, Ludomira Rzepecka-Wejs, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Edyta Szurowska, Michał Studniarek

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 72, 42–49

Research Article | 03-September-2018

First Report of Carrot Cyst Nematode Heterodera carotae in Mexico: Morphological, Molecular Characterization, and Host Range Study

was made using light and scanning electron microscopy of the second stage juveniles, females, males and cysts, and the host range study, was performed with nine different plants from five families. The molecular identification was made by sequencing and analysing the ITS rRNA and partial COI genes. It was shown that using presently available molecular tools it is not possible to make an accurate differentiation of H. carotae from H. cruciferae. The host range test allowed to distinguish these

Ilia Mariana Escobar-Avila, Edgar Óliver López-Villegas, Sergei A. Subbotin, Alejandro Tovar-Soto

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 2, 229–242

Research Article | 03-December-2018

Characterization of Juvenile Stages of Bursaphelenchus crenati Rühm, 1956 (Nematoda: Aphelenchoidoidea)

combined with the most active cellular differentiation and elongation of the genital primordium. The dauer juveniles collected from elytra of vector beetles were similar to the third juvenile stage of the propagative generation by genital primordium structure and body size.

Alexander Y. Ryss, Kristina S. Polyanina

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 4, 459–472

Review | 15-January-2019

c-Fos and neuronal plasticity: the aftermath of Kaczmarek’s theory

The development of molecular biology methods in the early 1980s led to a better understanding of the role of transcription factors in mammalian cells. The discovery that some transcription factors are critically important for cells to switch between different functional states was fundamental for modern molecular neurobiology. In the 1980s Leszek Kaczmarek proposed that, analogically to the cell cycle or to cell differentiation, long-term synaptic plasticity, learning, and memory should also

Jacek Jaworski, Katarzyna Kalita, Ewelina Knapska

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 78 , ISSUE 4, 287–296

Research Article | 20-May-2019


variable intergenic regions may be also applicable to detection, differentiation and determination of genetic variation among F. tularensis strains. In addition, the above methods could be successfully used in molecular characterization of tularaemia strains from humans and animals isolated in screening research, and during epizootic and epidemic outbreaks.

Piotr Cieślik, Józef Knap, Agata Bielawska-Drózd

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 57 , ISSUE 1, 58–67

Review | 29-September-2017

Diagnostic errors in musculoskeletal ultrasound imaging and how to avoid them

. The frequently encountered mirror reflection artifact has been described. Special attention has been paid to the means of either eliminating, or taking advantage of artifacts for the correct diagnosis of musculo­skeletal lesions. The possibilities and technique of correct differentiation of hypoechoic or anechoic foci, commonly found in the pathological conditions of the musculoskeletal system, have been analysed. Non-typical ultrasound findings leading to misdiagnosis of given pathological

Małgorzata Serafin-Król, Artur Maliborski

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 70, 188–196

Review Article | 31-March-2017

Double aorta artifact in sonography – a diagnostic challenge

The double aorta artifact was described and studied thoroughly twenty-five years ago. Despite this, it is still not commonly known today and can cause diagnostic difficulty. Total aortic duplication can be considered an anatomic defect whilst partial duplication mimics aortic dissection. In the literature, this artifact has been compared with a very rare anomaly, i.e. the occurrence of two aortas in one patient. Currently, however, the differentiation of this artifact from abdominal aortic

Robert Hadzik, Przemysław Bombiński, Michał Brzewski

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 68, 36–40

Research Article | 26-September-2018

Xiphinema japonicum n. sp. (Nematoda: Longidorinae) from the Rhizosphere of Japanese Podocarpus macrophyllus (Thunb.), a Cryptic Species Related to Xiphinema bakeri Williams, 1961

Xiphinema japonicum n. sp., isolated in Ningbo, China, from the rhizosphere of Podocarpus macrophyllus (Thunb.) imported from Japan is described. The new species belongs to Xiphinema non-americanum group 7 and is characterized by medium body length (3.0–3.7 mm), total stylet length 190–201 μm, vulva located anteriorly (V = 30.5%–35.3%), two equally developed female genital branches without uterine differentiation (no Z or pseudo-Z organ and/or spines in the uteri), short tail, convex-conoid


Journal of Nematology, Volume 49 , ISSUE 4, 404–417

Review | 10-October-2018

Charcot-Marie-Tooth type 1A drug therapies: role of adenylyl cyclase activity and G-protein coupled receptors in disease pathomechanism

receptors (MOR), and muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (mACh) appear to be particularly significant in both pathogenesis and treatment, and their activation may exert a similar and synergistic effect on the physiology of Schwann cells as well as neurons. These receptors participate in proliferation and differentiation of Schwann cells and influence excitatory transmission in neurons. We also hypothesize that onapristone might act through a non-classical mechanism via membrane progesterone receptor (mPR

Artur J. Kiepura, Andrzej Kochański

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 78 , ISSUE 3, 198–209

Case report | 05-June-2017

The diagnostic dilemma of non-convulsive status epilepticus in sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease

Introduction. The differentiation between the clinical and electroencephalographic changes in nonconvulsive status epilepticus (NCSE) and those in sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD) is a crucial question. Case report. A 77-year old woman was admitted because of fluctuating behavioural chancaseges, adynamia and apraxia since several months for diagnostic. The diagnosis of sCJD was suggested. Subsequently, she had a generalized tonic clonic seizure (GTCS) and the EEG revealed periodic

Matthias Wittstock, Uwe Walter, Daniela Schirrmeister, Kyrylo Kurtieiev, Jan Klinke, Annette Grossmann, Johannes Rösche

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 25 , ISSUE 1-2, 53–58

original-paper | 17-September-2021

Bacterial Community Analysis and Potential Functions of Core Taxa in Different Parts of the Fungus Cantharellus cibarius

three substances replaced CO2 or a living root as a growth factor. It is related to the fact that these factors promote hyphae growth by immobilization of CO2 into Krebs cycle intermediates and biosynthesis pathways of pyrimidines and fatty acids. Subsequently, Danell et al. (1993, 1994, 1997) discussed the influence of different factors on the fruit body differentiation of C. cibarius. They tried to explore the formation of fruit bodies and relate it with the effects of bacteria (Pseudomonas


Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 70 , ISSUE 3, 373–385

Original Paper | 13-September-2016

Echogenicity of benign adrenal focal lesions on imaging with new ultrasound techniques – report with pictorial presentation

examination, apart from its indisputable usefulness in detecting and monitoring adrenal tumors, may also allow for the differentiation between benign lesions. However, for lesions found incidentally an algorithm for the assessment of adrenal incidentalomas is applicable, which includes computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging.

Rafał Z. Słapa, Anna A. Kasperlik-Załuska, Bartosz Migda, Maciej Otto, Katarzyna Dobruch-Sobczak, Wiesław S. Jakubowski

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 63, 368–376

Article | 10-June-2019


Alicja Sękowska, Eugenia Gospodarek-Komkowska

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 58 , ISSUE 1, 29–34

Original Paper | 13-September-2016

Applications of intraoperative ultrasound in the treatment of complicated cases of acute and chronic pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer – own experience

acute infl ammatory lesions in the pancreas, especially during the surgery of chronic, symptomatic infl ammation of the organ. The procedure allows for a correct determination of the necessary scope of the planned surgery. The examination allows for the differentiation between cystic lesions and tumors of cystic nature, dictates the correct strategy for draining, as well as validates the indications for the lesion’s surgical removal. IOUS also allows the estimation of place and scope of drainage

Grzegorz Ćwik, Michał Solecki, Grzegorz Grzegorz

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 60, 56–71

Review | 18-April-2017

Kidney ultrasound – what is important for a urologist?

, regardless of their chemical composition. Cyst description in an ultrasound image should cover its morphological features, differentiating between the so-called simple or complex cysts. In the case of a solid lesion, ultrasound makes it possible to detect parenchymal lesions usually starting with the size of 2–2.5 cm. It enables one to particularly diagnose angiomyolipomas. As regards the remaining parenchymal lesions, differentiation of the lesion nature is impossible. In some

Tomasz Szopiński, Elżbieta Keller, František Záťura

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 67, 371–377

Review Paper | 07-April-2017

Genetic epilepsies. remarks on the proposed “organization of the Epilepsies”

genetic advances. However, despite proposed changes in the nomenclature, the concept of the electroclinical syndrome, i.e. seizure types, age-dependent onset, electroencephalographic criteria, and concomitant symptoms, such as movement disorders or developmental delay, remain important criteria to group the epilepsies. Although also the differentiation “generalized” versus “focal” is nowadays discussed critically, for practical reasons these categories remain valid. Similarly

Heinz Gregor Wieser

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 22 , ISSUE 1, 11–23

Article | 30-July-2021

Expression of neural crest markers by human embryonic stem cells: an introductory project

with the effects of co-culturing with stromal cell-derived inducing activity, alone. The early addition of noggin and the late addition of BMP4 are likely to significantly increase the expression of Msx-1 by hESCs, when compared with the late addition of BMP4, alone. The hESC results support those from animal ESC studies that the late addition of BMP4, especially, may result in the differentiation of neural crest precursors.

Anita Bonic, Mack Poon, Michael G. Woods, Alan O. Trounson

Australasian Orthodontic Journal, Volume 32 , ISSUE 2, 175–183

Review | 29-March-2016

Intra-abdominal fat. Part II: Non-cancerous lesions of the adipose tissue localized beyond organs

their reaction to compression with an ultrasound transducer and behavior during deep inspiration. Moreover, each lesion must be obligatorily assessed in terms of blood flow. Doppler evaluation enables the differentiation between primary and secondary inflammation of intra-abdominal fat. The paper also draws attention to a frequent indirect sign of a pathological process, i.e. thickening and hyperechogenicity of fat, which sometimes indicates an ongoing pathology at a deeper site. This structure may

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk, Elżbieta Bernatowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 64, 32–43

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