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Original Paper | 15-March-2016

Bacterial Diversity and Composition in Oylat Cave (Turkey) with Combined Sanger/Pyrosequencing Approach

The microbiology of caves is an important topic for better understanding subsurface biosphere diversity. The diversity and taxonomic composition of bacterial communities associated with cave walls of the Oylat Cave was studied first time by molecular cloning basedon Sanger/pyrosequencing approach. Results showed an average of 1,822 operational taxonomic units per sample. Clones analyzed from Oylat Cave were found to belong to 10 common phyla within the domain Bacteria. Proteobacteria dominated

Yasemin Gulecal-Pektas

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 65 , ISSUE 1, 69–75

research-article | 30-November-2020

A brokerage-based measure of organizational diversity and exploratory analysis of regulatory violations among Fortune 100 corporations

or greater integration across communities. As a result, weak ties can lead to social mobility and opportunity (Granovetter, 1974). Similarly, the principle of homophily has prominence in much of the theory surrounding social network scholarship (McPherson and Smith-Lovin, 1987; McPherson et al., 2001). However, recent scholarship has highlighted the strength of cognitively diverse teams for problem solving and decision making (Page, 2007). Through a diversity of perspectives, interpretations

Roy C. Barnes, David J. Luke

Connections: The Quarterly Journal, Volume 41 , ISSUE 1, 7–24

Article | 09-August-2018

INVESTIGATION OF FUNCTIONAL DIVERSITY AND ACTIVATED SLUDGE CONDITION USING BIOLOG® SYSTEM

Activated sludge method dominates among the currently used biological wastewater treatment systems. The dynamic development of this technology implies need for research, most of which are carried out in laboratory conditions. Biolog system seems to be an effective tool that allows a quick assessment of microbial activity of activated sludge. The aim of this study was to verify Biolog® EcoPlates’ usage for comparing the functional and metabolic diversity of activated and excess sludge

Justyna Michalska, Danuta Wojcieszyńska, Izabela Greń

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 9 , ISSUE 1, 119–126

original-paper | 08-September-2020

Characteristics and Diversity of Endophytic Bacteria in Endangered Chinese Herb Glehnia littoralis Based on Illumina Sequencing

of G. littoralis showed a very strong antimicrobial activity (Hou et al. 2015). However, there was little knowledge about the endophytic bacterial diversity of the G. littoralis plant until now. Consequently, the diversity study of endophytic bacteria in G. littoralis will clarify the interactions between endophytic bacteria and salt tolerance of G. littoralis. The present research’s main idea was to gain a broad general view of the endophytic bacterial community in different tissues of G

XIAOWEI HUO, YUE WANG, DAWEI ZHANG, TING GAO, MENGMENG LIU

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 69 , ISSUE 3, 283–291

Research Article | 22-May-2019

GENETIC DIVERSITY OF BOVINE DIARRHEA AND MUCOSAL DISEASE VIRUS

frame flanked by two untranslated regions (5’UTR and 3’UTR). The polyprotein is proteolytically cleaved by viral and host proteases resulting in the formation of mature viral proteins. It is well established that BVDV strains show considerable genetic diversity. BVD viruses are classified as two species: BVDV-1 and BVDV-2. Quite recently, a new putative species, BVDV-3, was detected. The viruses exist as one of two biotypes: cytopathic or non-cytopathic, based on their activity in cell

Paweł Mirosław, Aleksandra Antos, Mirosław Polak

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 56 , ISSUE 4, 389–394

Research Article | 17-October-2018

High Mitochondrial Genome Diversity and Intricate Population Structure of Bursaphelenchus xylophilus in Kyushu, Japan

Mitogenomic diversity and genetic population structure of the pinewood nematode (PWN) Bursaphelenchus xylophilus inhabiting Kyushu, Japan were analyzed. A method for performing long PCR using single nematodes and sequencing nematode mitochondrial genomes individually is presented here. About 8 kb (∼55%) of the complete mitochondrial genome was successfully obtained from 285 individuals collected from 12 populations. The 158 single nucleotide polymorphisms detected corresponded to 30 haplotypes

Hanyong Zhang, Erika Okii, Eiji Gotoh, Susumu Shiraishi

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 3, 281–302

research-article | 24-April-2020

Genetic intraspecific diversity of Meloidogyne javanica parasitizing vegetables in southern Iran

methods for the identification species of RKNs are considerably time consuming and there is a lot of ambiguity, using species-specific primers could be a rapid method for detection (these primers listed in Cunha et al., 2018). The genetic diversity among M. javanica populations has been inferred by different markers (reviewed in Blok and Powers, 2009; Mokaram Hesar et al., 2011). Statistical analysis of the morphological characters and RAPD markers demonstrated 86 and 93% similarity among 21

Reza Ghaderi, Ali Asghar Dehghan, Abbas Mokaram Hesar, Akbar Karegar

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–13

Original Paper | 09-March-2018

High-Throughput Sequencing Analysis of Endophytic Bacteria Diversity in Fruits of White and Red Pitayas from Three Different Origins

Pitaya contains various types of polyphenols, flavonoid and vitamins which are beneficial for health and it is among the most important commercial tropical fruits worldwide. Endophytic bacteria might be beneficial for plant growth and yield. However, bacterial diversity in pitaya is poorly characterized. In this study, fruits of white and red pitayas from three different origins (Thailand, Vietnam and China) were chosen for endophytic bacteria diversity investigation by using Illumina HiSeq

Zhen Ren, Shukun Tang, Yi Jiang, Mingxing Jiang, Shangyong Zheng, Wenjing Liu, Zhili Yang, Shuping Sang, Zebin Chen, Tiyuan Xia, Min Yin

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 67 , ISSUE 1, 27–35

Original Paper | 10-December-2018

Culturable Endophytes Diversity Isolated from Paeonia ostii and the Genetic Basis for Their Bioactivity

Abstract Paeonia ostii is known for its excellent medicinal values as Chinese traditional plant. To date, the diversity of culturable endophytes associated with P. ostii is in its initial phase of exploration. In this study, 56 endophytic bacteria and 51 endophytic fungi were isolated from P. ostii roots in China. Subsequent characterization of 56 bacterial strains by 16S rDNA gene sequence analysis revealed that nine families and 13 different genera were represented. All the fungal strains

RUI-XIAN YANG, SHAO-WEN ZHANG, DONG XUE, JUN-HAO XUAN, YUAN-BO ZHANG, BIAO-BIAO PENG

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 67 , ISSUE 4, 441–454

short-communication | 28-June-2019

Bacterial Diversity in Soybean Rhizosphere Soil at Seedling and Mature Stages

Rhizosphere microbes are important components of soil ecosystems. These organisms are closely related to soil fertility and are essential indicators for evaluating soil health. Soil microbial community and diversity can reflect changes in the soil environmental quality and reveal differences in microbial ecological functions, which are critical for maintaining soil quality and ecosystem stability (Gertini 2005). Rhizosphere microorganisms can absorb the hydrogen released by nitrogen-fixing

LIN WANG, ZHIYING LI, RUIRUI LIU, LULU LI, WEIWEI WANG

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 68 , ISSUE 2, 281–284

Short Communication | 09-March-2018

Changes of Microbial Diversity During Swine Manure Treatment Process

We investigated microbial diversity in a manure storage tank (MST) storing untreated manure and an aeration tank (AT) during swine manure treatment process using the next-generation sequencing in order to find the aeration effect on microbial diversity. Proteobacteria were more abundant in the AT group than in the MST group and may include denitrifying bacteria contributing to nitrous oxide (N2O) emission or aerobic bacteria stimulated by oxygen. The opposite held true for the phyla

Minseok Kim, Jung-Im Yun, Seung-Gun Won, Kyu-Hyun Park

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 67 , ISSUE 1, 109–112

Research Article | 23-May-2019

BIOCHEMICAL METHODS FOR THE EVALUATION OF THE FUNCTIONAL AND STRUCTURAL DIVERSITY OF MICROORGANISMS IN THE SOIL ENVIRONMENT

Soil microbiome is composed of groups of microorganisms which are structurally and functionally very different. For many years soil microbiome has been the subject of numerous studies, but still is not fully recognized. It is well known that soil microorganisms play a key role in biogeochemical processes. Knowledge of their structural and functional diversity makes it possible to assess the condition of the soil environment, which is extremely important for agronomy and ecology. The

Karolina Furtak, Anna M. Gajda

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 57 , ISSUE 2, 194–202

original-paper | 08-September-2020

Characteristics of the Jejunal Microbiota in 35-Day-Old Saba and Landrace Piglets

intestinal microbiota of piglets. The 35-day-old piglets easy to cause any diseases or dramatic internal environmental changes, they are about to wean; therefore, we selected 35-day-old Saba and Landrace suckling piglets as the subjects of this study. A comparison of their jejunal microbiota diversity will help comprehend the composition and functionality of gut microbiota in Chinese indigenous pigs. Experimental Materials and Methods Animals and samples collection. All Saba and Landrace pigs were

HUAN GAO, YUTING YANG, ZHENHUI CAO, JINMING RAN, CHUNYONG ZHANG, YING HUANG, MINGHUA YANG, SUMEI ZHAO, QINGCONG AN, HONGBIN PAN

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 69 , ISSUE 3, 367–378

Report | 09-October-2019

Human platelet antigen allelic diversity in Peninsular Malaysia

) that inhabit Peninsular Malaysia. Combined with previous HPA data collected for Malay subethnic groups, Malays, Chinese, and Indians, our analyses showed high genetic diversity in Peninsular Malaysia, which is consistent with multiple settlements of the region by several founding ancestors (Semang, Senoi, and Proto-Malays) in the last 50,000 years. The gene pools of these ancient populations were then further shaped by various evolutionary pressures such as repeated founder effects, natural

Wan Ubaidillah Wan Syafawati, Zulkafli Zefarina, Zafarina Zafarina, Mohd Nazri Hassan, Mohd Nor Norazmi, Sundararajulu Panneerchelvam, Geoffrey Keith Chambers, Hisham Atan Edinur

Immunohematology, Volume 32 , ISSUE 4, 143–160

research-article | 30-November-2018

Diversity and seasonal fluctuation of tylenchid plant-parasitic nematodes in association with alfalfa in the Kerman Province (Iran)

Shannon Index (H’) (Colwell, 2009) were calculated. The E index refers to homogeneity of the species, whereas the H’ index is the most popular biodiversity index used to summarize the diversity of a population to which each member belongs according to a unique group. The latter index also takes into account species richness and the proportion of each species within the community studied. Finally, correlations between nematode abundance and the two selected soil parameters, pH and EC were analyzed

Ebrahim Shokoohi, Phatu William Mashela, Fahimeh Iranpour

Journal of Nematology, Volume 51 , 1–14

Short Communication | 27-September-2017

Clonal Analysis of Clinical and Environmental Pseudomonas aeruginosa Isolates from Meknes Region, Morocco

From 123 clinical and environmental Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates, 24 strains were selected for their similar antibioresistance, virulence and biofilm formation profiles, to examine their diversity and occurrence of clones within two hospitals and different natural sites in Meknes (Morocco). Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, using DraI enzyme, didn’t reveal a close relationship between clinical and environmentalisolates nor between strains of the two hospitals. 19 genotypes were

Itto Maroui, Abouddihaj Barguigua, Asmae Aboulkacem, Hanane Elhafa, Khadija Ouarrak, Mohammed Sbiti, Lhoussain Louzi, Mohammed Timinouni, Abdelhaq Belhaj

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 66 , ISSUE 3, 397–400

original-paper | 03-September-2019

Molecular Diversity of Staphylococcus aureus Colonizing the Upper Respiratory Tract of Residents and Staff in A Nursing Home

diversity, whereas MRSA outbreaks are usually caused by only a few different MRSA clones (Goering et al. 2008). Therefore, analyzing the genetic relatedness of colonizing MSSA strains in nursing homes might result in a better understanding of S. aureus epidemiology. We aimed at determining the genetic diversity and relatedness of MSSA and MRSA strains colonizing the upper respiratory tract of nursing home residents and staff using the MLVF (multiple-locus variable-number tandem-repeat fingerprinting

MARTYNA KASELA, AGNIESZKA GRZEGORCZYK, ANNA MALM

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 68 , ISSUE 3, 371–376

original-paper | 12-May-2020

Characterization of Microbial Diversity and Community Structure in Fermentation Pit Mud of Different Ages for Production of Strong-Aroma Baijiu

fatty acid (PLFA) is one of the most popular techniques for analyzing of total biomass in a sample (Green and Scow 2000; Zheng et al. 2013; Ding et al. 2015). Therefore, pyrosequencing and PLFAs were employed to assess the structure of prokaryotic communities within the FPM and to reveal the changes within these communities with age during the FPM maturation. In addition, the relationship between environmental factor variables and prokaryotic community structure and diversity in the FPM was revealed

XU-JIA WANG, HONG-MEI ZHU, ZHI-QIANG REN, ZHI-GUO HUANG, CHUN-HUI WEI, JIE DENG

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 69 , ISSUE 2, 151–164

Article | 21-April-2019

E rua taha o te awa: There are two sides to the river… Navigating ‘social justice’ as an indigenous educator in non-indigenous tertiary education

, this article describes four of my inner tensions as associated with issues around the Treaty of Waitangi, the principle of cultural diversity, the moral purpose of New Zealand education, and the inherent cultural dilemmas within leadership as a Māori educator. A key outcome of this discussion is the perception of tokenism and resistance in the bicultural preparation of our future New Zealand primary school teachers. Hence, this article seeks to provide my Māori worldview perspective for achieving a

David McLeod

Journal of Educational Leadership, Policy and Practice, Volume 30 , ISSUE 1, 17–24

Original Paper | 09-March-2018

MALDI-TOF MS Detection of Endophytic Bacteria Associated with Great Nettle (Urtica dioica L.), Grown in Algeria

Any plant with a vascular system has a specific endophytic microflora. The identification of bacteria is essential in plant pathology. Although identification methods are effective, they are costly and time consuming. The purpose of this work is to isolate and to identify the different bacteria from the internal tissues of Urtica dioica L. and to study their diversity. This last is based on the different parts of the plant (stems, leaves and roots) and the harvest regions (Dellys and Tlamcen

Souheyla Toubal, Ouahiba Bouchenak, Djillali Elhaddad, Karima Yahiaoui, Sarah Boumaza, Karim Arab

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 67 , ISSUE 1, 67–72

original-paper | 05-December-2019

Diversity, Virulence Factors, and Antifungal Susceptibility Patterns of Pathogenic and Opportunistic Yeast Species in Rock Pigeon (Columba livia) Fecal Droppings in Western Saudi Arabia

Rhodotorula, in pigeon fecal droppings in Beijing, China. They concluded that pigeon feces are a vector for medically important yeast species. Similarly, in Brazil, Costa et al. (2010) reported the predominance of Cryptococcus, Candida, and Rhodotorula species in pigeon feces. Other reports from Egypt (Mahmoud 1999), the Canary Islands (Rosario et al. 2010), India (Xavier et al. 2013), and Sweden (Mattsson et al. 1999) highlighted the diversity of Cryptococcus species found in pigeon fecal droppings and

HUSSEIN H. ABULREESH, SAMEER R. ORGANJI, KHALED ELBANNA, GAMAL E.H. OSMAN, MESHAL H.K. ALMALKI, AHMED Y. ABDEL-MALEK, ABDULLAH A.K. GHYATHUDDIN, IQBAL AHMAD

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 68 , ISSUE 4, 493–504

original-paper | 19-March-2021

Diversity of Culturable Bacteria Isolated from Highland Barley Cultivation Soil in Qamdo, Tibet Autonomous Region

(Margesin et al. 2009; Yuan et al. 2014). While global surveys of microbial diversity and functional activity have already been conducted (Bodelier 2011; Delgado-Baquerizo et al. 2018), the number of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau samples is restricted, and, therefore bacterial data is still lacking in this area, especially in the most high-altitude area (Zhang et al. 2016). Highland barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) is the fourth most consumed grain worldwide, only ranked after rice, wheat, and maize (Shen et al

HU PAN, JIE ZHOU, ZHUOMA DAWA, YANNA DAI, YIFAN ZHANG, HUI YANG, CHONG WANG, HUHU LIU, HUI ZHOU, XIANGYANG LU, YUN TIAN

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 70 , ISSUE 1, 87–97

Original Paper | 28-June-2017

The Diversity, Growth Promoting Abilities and Anti-microbial Activities of Bacteria Isolated from the Fruiting Body of Agaricus bisporus

Agaricus bisporus plays an important role in ecological processes and is one of the most widely cultivated mushrooms worldwide. Mushroom growth-promoting bacteria have been isolated from casing soil and compost, but microorganisms in the fruiting body have received only a little attention. To get an overview of phylogenetic diversity of microorganisms in the fruiting body of A. bisporus, as well as to screen antimicrobial and mushroom growth-promoting strains, and eventually intensify mushroom

Quanju Xiang, Lihua Luo, Yuhuan Liang, Qiang Chen, Xiaoping Zhang, Yunfu Gu

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 66 , ISSUE 2, 201–207

research-article | 30-November-2020

Organic fertilization influences nematode diversity and maturity index in coffee tree plantations using an agroforestry system

social, economic, and environmental benefits as this contributes to production diversity, increased family income, and increased organic matter in the soil (Jackson et al., 2012). In coffee AFS, soil nutrition is provided from organic fertilizers such as cow manure, poultry litter and plant residues when necessary. The proper incorporation of these fertilizers improves soil quality and microbial activity (Jannoura et al., 2014). These fertilizers can also change the population dynamics of some

JOL Vieira Júnior, RC Pereira, RL Soto, IM Cardoso, EA Mondino, RLL Berbara, E Sá Mendonça

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–13

Article | 01-June-2015

PERFORMANCE BOUND ANALYSIS ON TRANSMIT ANTENNAS SELECTION SYSTEMS CONSIDERING ERRONEOUS CHANNEL INFORMATION

with 2 out of N =3 and 4 possible transmit antennas, we analyses asymptotic performance of selected subsets. Numerical and simulating results show that we can achieve full spatial diversity with antenna selection in the presence of imperfect CSI and the largest ordinal number antenna selected as if all the transmit antennas were used; there may be some loss in the diversity order without the best transmit antenna.

Mingjie Zhuang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 8 , ISSUE 2, 1333–1353

Original Paper | 10-December-2018

Epilithic Biofilms in Lake Baikal: Screening and Diversity of PKS and NRPS Genes in the Genomes of Heterotrophic Bacteria

underwent phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA genes. The identification of PKS and NRPS genes in the strains investigated was demonstrated among the homologues the genes involved in the biosynthesis of antibiotics (bacillaene, difficidine, erythromycin, bacitracin, tridecaptin, and fusaricidin), biosurfactants (iturin, bacillomycin, plipastatin, fengycin, and surfactin) and antitumor agents (epothilone, calyculin, and briostatin). Bacillus spp. 9A and 2A strains showed the highest diversity of PKS and

ELENA SUKHANOVA, EKATERINA ZIMENS, OKSANA KALUZHNAYA, VALENTINA PARFENOVA, OLGA BELYKH

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 67 , ISSUE 4, 501–516

Original Research | 18-July-2017

Diversity of Root-knot Nematodes Associated with Tubers of Yam (Dioscorea spp.) Established Using Isozyme Analysis and Mitochondrial DNA-based Identification

Abstract The root-knot nematodes (RKN), Meloidogyne spp., represent an important threat to yam (Dioscorea spp.) production in West Africa. With the aim to establish the diversity of RKN species affecting yam tubers, for control and resistance screening purposes, surveys were conducted in the main yam producing areas of Nigeria. Galled tubers (N = 48) were collected from farmers’ stores and markets in nine states in Nigeria and in one district in Ghana. RKN isolated from yam tubers were

Yao A. Kolombia, Gerrit Karssen, Nicole Viaene, P. Lava Kumar, Nancy de Sutter, Lisa Joos, Danny L. Coyne, Wim Bert

Journal of Nematology, Volume 49 , ISSUE 2, 177–188

Original Paper | 07-June-2016

Relationship between ureB Sequence Diversity, Urease Activity and Genotypic Variations of Different Helicobacter pylori Strains in Patients with Gastric Disorders

Association of the severity of Helicobacter pylori induced diseases with virulence entity of the colonized strains was proven in some studies. Urease has been demonstrated as a potent virulence factor for H. pylori. The main aim of this study was investigation of the relationships of ureB sequence diversity, urease activity and virulence genotypes of different H. pylori strains with histopathological changes of gastric tissue in infected patients suffering from different gastric disorders

Hossein Ghalehnoei, Alireza Ahmadzadeh, Nastaran Farzi, Masoud Alebouyeh, Hamid Asadzadeh Aghdaei, Pedram Azimzadeh, Mahsa Molaei, Mohammad Reza Zali

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 65 , ISSUE 2, 153–159

Article | 24-March-2021

NOVEL SARS-COV-2 PANDEMIC TRANSMISSION WITH ONGOING ANTIVIRAL THERAPIES AND VACCINE DESIGN

for years since the 1960s but how long they had existed is not known. Commonly they cause mild disease, but some highly pathogenic strains do occur that are noted by being given a distinct name after causing an outbreak. COVID-19 is the current pandemic the whole world is fighting. The pathogenesis of this novel virus is still unclear. In this article, we aim to discuss the transmission, pandemic, genetic diversity, and antiviral treatments, and precautionary measures against COVID-19. 2

Muhammad Yameen, Sara Sattar, Ayesha Khalid, Muhammad Aamir Aslam, Nishat Zafar, Muhammad Hassan Saeed, Muhammad Haseeb Arif, Muhammad Jahangeer, Azka Qadeer, Shoukat Hussain, Muhammad Aamir, Sania Mukhtar, Huma Nasir, Asif Shahzad

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 60 , ISSUE 1, 13–20

research-article | 30-November-2019

Target Characterization Using MIMO Radar

respect to the antenna variation. Therefore, from these two numerical results, one can conclude that diversity order plays an important role in enhancing the performance of a MIMO system. MIMO radar exploits the target angular spread to combat target fading. MIMO radar observes a different aspect of the target, enabling the MIMO radar to exploit spatial diversity to overcome target fading. The diversity order is directly proportional to the number of the antennas and the same is visible here in the

Samarendra Nath Sur, Soumyasree Bera, Subhankar Shome, Rabindranath Bera, Bansibadan Maji

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 13 , ISSUE 1, 1–8

Research Article | 03-December-2018

Effector gene vap1 based DGGE fingerprinting to assess variation within and among Heterodera schachtii populations

Populations of beet cyst nematodes Heterodera schachtii vary in aggressiveness and virulence toward sugar beet varieties, but also in traits like host range, or decline rate in the field. Diversity of their essential pathogenicity gene vap1 is shaped by diversifying selection and gene flow. The authors developed a technique to study inter-population variation and intra-population diversity and dynamics of H. schachtii based on the gene vap1. Degenerate primers were designed to amplify, clone

Rasha Haj Nuaima, Johannes Roeb, Johannes Hallmann, Matthias Daub, Sandra Otte, Holger Heuer

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 4, 517–528

Research Article | 30-March-2017

PRODUCT ANALYSIS OF BUSINESS AVIATION COMPANIES: A TWO-DIMENSIONAL APPROACH

Summary. The traditional and current approach to business models in business aviation is based only on aircraft ownership and does not describe the business aviation segment of civil aviation sufficiently. In this paper, we apply a two-dimensional approach analysing the product of companies competing in the business aviation segment of civil aviation. Our analysis combines two product-related components: fleet attributes and portfolio of services to confirm a diversity of business aviation

Ivana KIRSCHNEROVÁ

Transport Problems, Volume 12 , ISSUE 1, 15–23

Research Article | 17-October-2018

Terrestrial Non-Parasitic Nematode Assemblages associated With Glyphosate-tolerant and Conventional Soybean-Based Cropping Systems

nematodes in a 2-year soybean-maize cropping system. Thirty-two non-parasitic nematode genera were identified from soils of the three field ecosystems, with most of the genera occurring in natural vegetation (28), and less in conventional (23) and glyphosate-tolerant soybean (21). Bacterivores had the greatest diversity in soils of all three ecosystems during both seasons, while fungivores tended to be more abundant in glyphosate-tolerant soybean fields especially during the second season. Soils from

Akhona Mbatyoti, Mieke Stefanie Daneel, Antoinette Swart, Dirk de Waele, Hendrika Fourie

Journal of Nematology, Volume 50 , ISSUE 3, 243–260

Original Paper | 28-December-2016

Characterization of Endolithic Culturable Microbial Communities in Carbonate Rocks from a Typical Karst Canyon in Guizhou (China)

The endolithic environment is a ubiquitous habitat for microorganisms and a critical interface between biology and geology. In this study, a culture-based method and the phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA and internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequences were used to investigate the diversity of endolithic bacteria and fungi in two main types of carbonate rocks (namely dolomite and limestone) from Nanjiang Canyon in Guizhou karst area, China. The results of bacterial diversity indicated that

Yuan Tang, Jian-Zhong Cheng, Bin Lian

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 65 , ISSUE 4, 413–423

original-paper | 05-August-2020

Yeasts Associated with Various Amazonian Native Fruits

Introduction Fruits constitute excellent habitats for yeasts, mainly due to their low pH, availability of nutrients, and active fruit-associated vectors. These traits are variable across the type and maturity of the fruit. Changes in the community in response to varying availability of nutrients, production of mycotoxins, and the arrival of new yeast species are evident (Tournas and Katsoudas 2005; Starmer and Lachance 2011). The majority of research has focused on the diversity of yeasts on

CARLOS VEGAS, AMPARO I. ZAVALETA, PAMELA E. CANALES, BRAULIO ESTEVE-ZARZOSO

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 69 , ISSUE 3, 251–261

Report | 16-March-2020

The polymorphism nt 76 in exon 2 of SC is more frequent in Whites than in Blacks

Akiko Fuchisawa, Christine Lomas-Francis, Kim Hue-Roye, Marion E. Reid

Immunohematology, Volume 25 , ISSUE 1, 18–19

Research Article | 22-May-2019

GENETIC DIFFERENTIATION METHODS OF MICROORGANISMS IN THE SOIL – PLANT SYSTEM

Biodiversity is a key concept in finding important features of new microorganisms. Microorganisms play an important role in the soil ecosystem and participate, among others, in such processes as the maintenance of soil structure, humification, release of organic compounds, disposal of pollutants and transformation of organic matter. The maintenance of competent state of soil microbial communities, i.e. the appropriate microorganism count, activity and diversity, is a necessary condition for the

Małgorzata Łyszcz, Anna Gałązka

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 56 , ISSUE 3, 341–352

Article | 09-June-2019

Social justice and curriculum integration in a New Zealand primary school:  A foundation principal’s view

Barbara Fogarty-Perry

Journal of Educational Leadership, Policy and Practice, Volume 32 , ISSUE 1, 39–47

Research Article | 21-May-2019

SPECIES DIVERSITY OF BACTERIA ASSOCIATED WITH FUNGI OF THE GENUS TUBER (TRUFFLES)

Marta Siebyła, Dorota Hilszczańska

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 56 , ISSUE 1, 28–32

Article | 07-May-2018

The Reform and Innovation of Ideological and Political Teaching Under the Multimedia

With the continuous development of modern information technology, Computer network and multimedia technology have been used more and more widely. Due to the diversity, integration, control, interactivity, and real-time characteristics of multimedia technology, the application of multimedia technology in teaching has greatly changed the traditional teaching mode of instilling knowledge to students in a single way and in a simple manner. It used its super integrated management of text, text

Xing Bo

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls, Volume 3 , ISSUE 1, 122–125

Original Paper | 28-June-2017

Molecular Study of Indigenous Bacterial Community Composition on Exposure to Soil Arsenic Concentration Gradient

analysis of 16S rDNA based DGGE fingerprint markedly distributed the soil bacterial populations into low (< 10 ppm) and high (> 10 ppm) arsenic content subgroups. Following analysis of diversity indices shows significant variation in bacterial community structure. MDS (Multi Dimensional Scaling) plot revealed distinction in the distribution of each sample denoting variation in bacterial diversity. Phylogenetic sequence analysis of fragments excised from DGGE gel revealed the presence of &gamma

Semanti Basu, Tanima Paul, Priya Yadav, Abhijit Debnath, Keka Sarkar

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 66 , ISSUE 2, 209–221

Research Article | 27-December-2017

The Design and Evaluation of a Strategy of Data Placement in Cloud Computing Platform

Cloud computing has become a new platform for personal computing. However, while designing the strategy of data placement, there still lacks the consideration of systematic diversity of distributed transaction costs. This paper proposes the use of genetic algorithms to address the data placement problem in cloud computing. This strategy has adequately considered the correlation between data slices to minimize the total cost of distributed transactions. Compared to other methods, genetic

Wei Guo, Kaibo Luo, Xinjun Wang, Lizhen Cui

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 7 , ISSUE 1, 13–30

research-article | 30-November-2019

Four Pristionchus species associated with two mass-occurring Parafontaria laminata populations

The genus Pristionchus (Kreis, 1932) is a satellite model system in many different fields of biology (Sommer, 2015). The flagship species P. pacificus (Sommer et al., 1996) is used to study phenotypic plasticity, kin recognition, and chemical biology (e.g., Ragsdale et al., 2013a, 2013b; Lightfoot et al., 2019), and its congeners show high biological and physiological diversity (e.g., fig-associated species) and provide comparative information on genome-level diversification and speciation (e.g

Natsumi Kanzaki, Minami Ozawa, Yuko Ota, Yousuke Degawa

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–10

Short Communication | 04-September-2018

Gut Microbial Compositions in Four Age Groups of Tibetan Minipigs

In this study, the gut microbiota was characterized in four age strata of Tibetan minipigs. Results indicated that the fecal bacteria of 7-, 28-, 56-, and 180-day-old minipigs did not significantly differ in terms of phylogenetic diversity (i.e., PD whole tree) or the Shannon index (both, p > 0.05). Findings of a principal coordinate analysis demonstrated that fecal bacteria of 180-day-old minipigs were discernable from those of the other three age groups. From ages seven to 56 days, the

XIA JIANG, BANGZHU CHEN, DONGSHU GU, ZUHUA RONG, XIAOHUA SU, MIN YUE, HONGWEI ZHOU, WEIWANG GU

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 67 , ISSUE 3, 383–388

Article | 07-May-2018

An Ensemble Learning Method for Text Classification Based on Heterogeneous Classifiers

Ensemble learning can improve the accuracy of the classification algorithm and it has been widely used. Traditional ensemble learning methods include bagging, boosting and other methods, both of which are ensemble learning methods based on homogenous base classifiers, and obtain a diversity of base classifiers only through sample perturbation. However, heterogenous base classifiers tend to be more diverse, and multi-angle disturbances tend to obtain a variety of base classifiers. This paper

Fan Huimin, Li Pengpeng, Zhao Yingze, Li Danyang

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls, Volume 3 , ISSUE 1, 130–134

Research Article | 23-May-2019

TICK-BORNE PATHOGENS IN INDIVIDUALS WITH HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS TYPE 1 (HIV-1) INFECTION

The studies on the occurrence and diversity of tick-borne infections in HIV-infected individuals have been few, and the subject has been relatively neglected when compared with other infections associated with HIV. Non-specific symptoms of tick-borne diseases pose a challenge in clinical care and may lead to misdiagnosis, especially in HIV-positive patients, who often experience many non-specific clinical symptoms. Additionally, in immunocompromised patients, a significant delay of antibody

Renata Welc-Falęciak, Małgorzata Bednarska, Magdalena Szatan, Agnieszka Pawełczyk

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 57 , ISSUE 3, 251–259

Article | 01-June-2015

OPPOSITION-BASED LEARNING PARTICLE SWARM OPTIMIZATION OF RUNNING GAIT FOR HUMANOID ROBOT

, which helps to guide searching direction guidance at the beginning. A population update mechanism based on opposition learning is proposed for speeding up the convergence and improving the diversity. Simulation results validate the proposed method.

Liang Yang, Song Xijia, Chunjian Deng

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 8 , ISSUE 2, 1162–1179

research-article | 17-March-2020

Molecular and morphological characterization of the alfalfa cyst nematode, Heterodera medicaginis, from Utah

Zafar A. Handoo, Andrea M. Skantar, Saad L. Hafez, Mihail R. Kantor, Maria N. Hult, Stephen A. Rogers

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–4

research-article | 30-July-2020

Reaching for Unique Resources: Structural Holes and Specialization in Scientific Collaboration Networks

attractive collaborators. We propose a novel approach explaining diversity of resources conveyed in collaboration ties based on complementary mechanisms of structural holes and specialization. There are a variety of resources relevant for doing science. We can roughly divide them into two categories: (1) resources which are directly engaged in collaboration such as expertise in a particular research topic or a research method, and (2) resources of a more “social” kind, e.g. contacts in academia or

Michał Bojanowski, Dominika Czerniawska

Journal of Social Structure, Volume 21 , ISSUE 1, 1–34

Original Paper | 27-September-2017

Bacterial Communities from the Arsenic Mine in Złoty Stok, Sudety Mountains, Poland

method. Eight group of clones representing different restriction patterns were identified. The nucleotide sequences of their inserts suggest that bacteria present in the mine environment belong to: Flavobacteria, Sphingobacteriia, Bacteroides, Proteobacteria, Mollicutes and Firmicutes. The metagenomic approach allows to demonstrate a higher diversity of microbiota than classical microbiological studies of cultivable isolates.

Tomasz Cłapa, Dorota Narożna, Rafał Siuda, Andrzej Borkowski, Marek Selwet, Cezary J. Mądrzak, Ewa Koźlecka

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 66 , ISSUE 3, 375–381

research-article | 30-November-2018

First report of Longidorus mindanaoensis Coomans, De Ley, Jimenez and De Ley, 2012 (Nematoda: Longidoridae) From a Mangrove Forest in Vietnam

Thi Duyen Nguyen, Huu Tien Nguyen, Thi Mai Linh Le, Neriza Nobleza, Quang Phap Trinh

journal of nematology, Volume 51 , 1–5

Article | 30-November-2018

The quest for identity through bodily pain: Female abjection in the literary work of Igiaba Scego

Camilla Skalle

Borderlands, Volume 18 , ISSUE 1, 64–87

original-paper | 11-March-2020

Bacterial Diversity in Roots, Stems, and Leaves of Chinese Medicinal Plant Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis

distilled water again. All six plants were separately collected as roots, stems, and leaves, and then were marked as R1 to R6, S1 to S2, L1 to L6. DNA extraction and bacterial diversity analysis. DNA was extracted from roots, stems and leaves using a TruSeq™ DNA Sample Prep Kit according to the manufacturer’s protocols (Shanghai Majorbio Bio-pharm Technology Co., Ltd.). The final DNA concentration and purification were determined by NanoDrop 2000 UV-vis spectrophotometer (Thermo Scientific, Wilmington

TIAN-HAO LIU, YIN ZHOU, WEN-CONG TAO, YANG LIU, XIAO-MEI ZHANG, SHOU-ZHENG TIAN

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 69 , ISSUE 1, 91–97

Article | 15-February-2021

Serologic problems associated with administration of intravenous immune globulin (IVIg)

a number of other autoimmune and inflammatory diseases.9,10 IVIg has now been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for use in ITP, Kawasaki disease (where it is most effective at an even higher dose of 4 g/kg), as well as chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy and other neurologic disorders. There are many other conditions where IVIg has been used “off label.”11 Because IVIg is produced from donor plasma, the final product contains a great diversity of IgG

D.R. Branch

Immunohematology, Volume 35 , ISSUE 1, 13–15

Case report | 16-October-2019

A delayed and acute hemolytic transfusion reaction mediated by anti-c in a patient with variant RH alleles

The Rh system is the most complex of the human blood groups. Of the 55 antigens that have been characterized, the system’s principal antigens D, C, E, c, and e are responsible for the majority of clinically significant Rh antibodies. In the last few years, advancements in molecular testing have provided a wealth of information on the genetic diversity of the Rh locus. This case report describes a patient with variant RHD*DAR alleles inherited in conjunction with two compound heterozygote

Tiffany K. Walters, Thomas Lightfoot

Immunohematology, Volume 34 , ISSUE 3, 109–112

Article | 30-November-2020

Deep Periocular Recognition Method via Multi-Angle Data Augmentation

proposes a deep learning periocular recognition method based on multi-angle data augmentation. The method is to rotate the original data set from small angle to large angle, so that the data volume is expanded to 7 times of the original, and the diversity of data is increased. InceptionV3 network and MobileNetV2 lightweight network are used for experimental verification respectively, and good results are obtained, indicating the feasibility of the proposed method. II. METHOD The periocular

Bo Liu, Songze Lei, Yonggang Li, Aokui Shan, Baihua Dong

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls, Volume 6 , ISSUE 1, 11–17

Mini Review | 30-March-2017

Application of Metagenomic Analyses in Dentistry as a Novel Strategy Enabling Complex Insight into Microbial Diversity of the Oral Cavity

Aleksandra Burczyńska, Łukasz Dziewit, Przemysław Decewicz, Izabela Strużycka, Marta Wróblewska

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 66 , ISSUE 1, 9–15

Article | 03-December-2017

Morphological, Morphometric, and Molecular Characterization of Intraspecific Variations within Indian Populations of Meloidogyne graminicola

RAJAN SALALIA, R. K. WALIA, VISHAL SINGH SOMVANSHI, PUNEET KUMAR, ANIL KUMAR

Journal of Nematology, Volume 49 , ISSUE 3, 254–267

Article | 12-April-2018

The Application of Improved PSO Algorithm in the Geometric Constraint Solving

geometric constraint problem. The algorithm is inspired by the flight characteristics of geese; each particle follows the optimal particle in front of it to keep the diversity; each particle can share more useful information of other particles, which strengthens cooperation and competition between particles. The algorithm balances the contradiction between the search speed and the accuracy of the algorithm to a certain extent. Experimental results show that the proposed algorithm can improve the

Tian Wei, Zhu Xiaogang

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls, Volume 2 , ISSUE 3, 116–119

Research Article | 22-May-2019

STRATEGIES FOR THE ANALYSIS OF THIOLOXIDORDUCTASES

Bacterial Dsb (disulfide bond) enzymes are involved in the oxidative folding of many proteins, through the formation of disulfide bonds between thiol groups of cysteine residues. This process is critical for the correct folding and structural stability of many secreted and membrane proteins. The rapidly expanding number of sequenced bacterial genomes has revealed the enormous diversity among bacterial Dsb systems. While the Escherichia coli oxidative protein folding has been studied in great

Elżbieta Katarzyna Jagusztyn-Krynicka, Anna Marta Banaś, Magdalena Joanna Grzeszczuk

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 56 , ISSUE 3, 326–334

Article | 17-April-2020

Bordering: Creating, contesting and resisting practice

systems to colonial and postcolonial forms of bordering. Drawing on a variety of empirical research across different spaces and scales, a range of theoretical perspectives and a diversity of methodological approaches, the papers collectively address the material, digital, virtual and human technologies that divide, exclude, contain, control and govern humans and non-humans. This critical exploration of borders and bordering practices is timely and salient. As the papers reveal, borders continue to

Elise Klein, Uma Kothari

Borderlands, Volume 18 , ISSUE 2, 1–7

Article | 30-November-2019

Bordering: Creating, contesting and resisting practice

carceral systems to colonial and postcolonial forms of bordering. Drawing on a variety of empirical research across different spaces and scales, a range of theoretical perspectives and a diversity of methodological approaches, the papers collectively address the material, digital, virtual and human technologies that divide, exclude, contain, control and govern humans and non-humans. This critical exploration of borders and bordering practices is timely and salient. As the papers reveal, borders

Elise Klein, Uma Kothari

Borderlands, Volume 19 , ISSUE 1, 1–7

original-paper | 27-December-2020

Identification and Characterization of a Novel Recombinant Porcine Astrovirus from Pigs in Anhui, China

XU CHEN, YUMIN HE, WEINA LI, ULLAH KALIM, YUQING XIAO, JIE YANG, XIAOCHUN WANG, SHIXING YANG, WEN ZHANG

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 69 , ISSUE 4, 471–478

Report | 27-August-2018

INNOVATIVE SYSTEMS OF CORRUGATED SHELLS RATIONALIZING THE DESIGN AND ERECTION PROCESSES FOR FREE BUILDING FORMS

An innovative method of shaping free architectural forms of buildings and their morphological systems roofed with complex shells made up of folded steel sheets transformed from plane into shell shapes is presented. An interdisciplinary character of the paper results from the diversity and complexity of the considered issues. Complex morphological systems of the buildings formed of integrated multi-segment shell roofs and plane-walled elevations are achieved with the help of the geometrical

Aleksandra PROKOPSKA, Jacek ABRAMCZYK

Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment, Volume 10 , ISSUE 1, 29–40

research-article | 30-November-2018

A case study of soil food web components affected by Fallopia japonica (Polygonaceae) in three natural habitats in Central Europe

bacteria enzyme activities. Fallopia spp. have also been shown to produce antimicrobial and antifungal substances (Kim et al., 2005; Kumaga et al., 2005) that could affect the soil bacterial community. Soil nematodes are an important group of soil biota, constituting an essential trophic link between primary decomposers, such as soil microflora, and larger animals and are recognized as useful bioindicators of soil conditions (Ritz et al., 2009) due to their abundance, diversity, and trophic structure

Andrea Čerevková, Lenka Bobuľská, Dana Miklisová, Marek Renčo

Journal of Nematology, Volume 51 , 1–16

Research Article | 22-May-2019

CHANGES IN THE TAXONOMY OF γ-PROTEOBACTERIA, MODIFICATION OF THE ORDER ENTEROBACTERIALES AND NOVEL FAMILIES WITHIN ENTEROBACTERALES ORD. NOV.

Prokaryotic diversity increases every year with each new described species. Since the first discoveries of microorganisms, researchers’ endeavours are dedicated to the systematisation of all known living organisms in a consistent taxonomy. Originally based on morphology, in recent years modern taxonomy develops thanks to the implemenation of new discoveries in the fields of biochemistry and genetics. In the last thirty years, ribotyping was the leading technique used to classify

Paweł Nawrotek, Bartłomiej Grygorcewicz, Adrian Augustyniak

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 56 , ISSUE 4, 465–469

research-article | 18-April-2020

Forest fire detection using wireless sensor networks

Premsai Dasari, Gundam Krishna Jayanth Reddy, Abhishek Gudipalli

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 13 , ISSUE 1, 1–8

research-article | 30-November-2020

Genetic variation within a species of parasitic nematode, Skrjabingylus chitwoodorum, in skunks

the most part, among the samples from Texas there were no well-supported lineages that linked samples from the same county of collection. In total, 58 polymorphic sites occurred within the 39 S. chitwoodorum samples included in this study, 20 of which were parsimony-informative and 38 that were singleton sites. The overall average variation within the 33 Texas samples was 1.00% genetic divergence (Table 1). The genetic diversity slightly increased when the six out-of-state samples were added into

Allie N. Denham, Malorri R. Hughes, Robert C. Dowler, Nicholas J. Negovetich, Loren K. Ammerman

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–8

Original Paper | 27-September-2017

Comparison of Microbial Communities Associated with Halophyte (Salsola stocksii) and Non-Halophyte (Triticum aestivum) Using Culture-Independent Approache

, Planctomycetes, Cyanobacteria, Thermotogae, Verrucomicrobia, Choroflexi and Euryarchaeota were predominant groups from halophyte whereas Actinobacteria, Proteobacteria, Firmicutes, Cyanobacteria, Acidobacteria, Bacteriodetes, Planctomycetes and Verrucomicrobia were predominant phyla of wheat samples. Diversity and differences of microbial flora of Salsola and wheat suggested that functional interactions between plants and microorganisms contribute to salt stress tolerance.

Salma Mukhtar, Ayesha Ishaq, Sara Hassan, Samina Mehnaz, Muhammad S. Mirza, Kauser A. Malik

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 66 , ISSUE 3, 353–364

Article | 17-April-2020

Unity and Division: Caring for Humans and Non-humans in a Divided Land

of male and female) which is transcendent and at the same time immanent, revealed in a multiplicity and diversity of forms. This immanency explains the pervasiveness of lulik ‘the sacred’ as located in sacred lands, sacred springs, sacred trees, sacred animals, sacred hills, sacred lakes and sacred stones. People’s present actions are framed through the perspectives of their ancestors and their coming descendants—ba bein ba oan sia ‘going back to the ancestors and going forward to the descendants

Balthasar Kehi, Lisa Palmer

Borderlands, Volume 18 , ISSUE 2, 64–84

research-article | 30-November-2019

Influences of nitrogen inputs on nematode populations under highbush blueberry

has also been commonly observed to suppress certain populations of free-living soil nematodes, particularly omnivores and predators in the Dorylaimida with ‘persister’ or K-selected traits, resulting in reduced indices of diversity and food web structure such as the nematode community structure index (e.g. Ferris et al., 2001; Forge et al., 2005b; Wang et al., 2006; Azpilicueta et al., 2014; Pan et al., 2015; Song et al., 2016). Such changes in soil food web structure have been theoretically

Thomas Forge, David Ehret, Aime Messiga, Martine Dorais

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–14

Article | 31-December-2020

RISK AND HUMAN FACTOR IN CARRIAGE OF DANGEROUS GOODS BY ROAD

is used in the calculation of the probability of a traffic accident in the transportation of hazardous products. Literary and original research has been conducted in the development of the model. This new approach to risk assessment takes into account in particular the effect of the human factor on the probability of an accident, as well as the diversity of the different segments making up the total route of a dangerous good. This method is useful for estimating the variability of risk, taking

Sylwia BĘCZKOWSKA, Włodzimierz CHOROMAŃSKI, Iwona GRABAREK

Transport Problems, Volume 15 , ISSUE 4, Part 1, 19–28

research-article | 30-November-2020

Cultivation of Caenorhabditis elegans on new cheap monoxenic media without peptone

Tho Son Le, T. T. Hang Nguyen, Bui Thi Mai Huong, H. Gam Nguyen, B. Hong Ha, Van Sang Nguyen, Minh Hung Nguyen, Huy-Hoang Nguyen, John Wang

Journal of Nematology, Volume 53 , 1–23

Article | 10-April-2018

Multi - point Cooperative Multicast Video Design and Research

diversity, the reliability of data transmission is improved, and data is transmitted in parallel by allowing access points that interfere with , To improve the system utility. Finally, the simulation experiment is used to verify the validity of the number of packets to be decoded, the total amount of packets received and the fairness.

Wang Tao

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls, Volume 2 , ISSUE 4, 72–75

research-article | 30-March-2020

Characterization of Vittatidera zeaphila (Nematoda: Heteroderidae) from Indiana with molecular phylogenetic analysis of the genus

recovered. Soil samples were submitted to one of us (JF), who extracted the nematode cysts and sent them to the USDA-ARS, Mycology and Nematology Genetic Diversity and Biology Laboratory (MNGDBL), Beltsville, MD for morphological and molecular identification. Cysts and second-stage juveniles (J2) conformed morphologically and morphometrically to V. zeaphila. We report here the first occurrence of this species in Indiana, thus representing the third state after Tennessee, and Kentucky in the United

Andrea M. Skantar, Zafar A. Handoo, Mihail R. Kantor, Lynn K. Carta, Jamal Faghihi, Virginia Ferris

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–8

research-article | 30-November-2019

Molecular and morphological characterization of the amaryllis lesion nematode, Pratylenchus hippeastri (Inserra et al., 2007), from California

of this species on grapevines in California, thus representing the second report of this nematode in North America. Materials and methods Two soil samples and grapevine roots were sent to the Mycology and Nematology Genetic Diversity and Biology Laboratory, Beltsville, MD in 2019. The origin of the soil samples was a vineyard from Mosca, Alamosa County, Co. Nematodes were extracted from soil using sugar centrifugal flotation and Baermann funnel methods. Nematodes were fixed in 3% formaldehyde

Zafar A. Handoo, Andrea M. Skantar, Mihail R. Kantor, Saad L. Hafez, Maria N. Hult

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–5

Article | 11-January-2021

Conditional GAN-based Remote Sensing Target Image Generation Method

remote sensing images is extremely high, so it is necessary to use data enhancement technology to expand the existing image samples. The image in the original sample undergoes rotation, translation, cropping, etc., to generate new image training data. Although this method increases the number of training samples, the samples are highly similar, without increasing the diversity of the sample set. Although the generator model of the Variational Autoencoder (VAE) [7-9] can increase the diversity of the

Haoyang Liu, Zhiyi Hu, Jun Yu, Shouyi Gao

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls, Volume 5 , ISSUE 4, 66–74

research-article | 30-November-2018

Swine manure application enriches the soil food web in corn and soybean production

niches of nematodes in each plot. These indices included ratio of fungivore and bacterivores to herbivores (FBPP), Shannon–Weaver diversity index (Shannon, 1948), structure index (SI), channel index (CI), and enrichment index (EI). Briefly, the structure index measures the number of trophic links in the food web with higher values indicating a more structured food web (Ferris et al., 2001). The enrichment index measures food web enrichment based on the weighted relative abundance of colonizer

Zane J. Grabau, Yong Bao, Jeffrey A. Vetsch, Senyu Chen

Journal of Nematology, Volume 51 , 1–14

original-paper | 05-December-2019

The Composition of Fungal Communities in the Rumen of Gayals (Bos frontalis), Yaks (Bos grunniens), and Yunnan and Tibetan Yellow Cattle (Bos taurs)

. 2010). ITS sequencing is used to study the diversity of the community of rumen AF and provide genetic information for the classification and identification of fungi (Liggenstoffer et al. 2010; Koljalg et al. 2013). The free-range gayals are mainly distributed in the Nujiang River and Dulong River areas of Yunnan Province, China. Yaks live exclusively on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, China (An et al. 2005) and are well adapted to harsh environmental conditions. Yunnan yellow cattle and Tibetan yellow

HOUFU WANG, PENGFEI LI, XUCHUAN LIU, CHUNYONG ZHANG, QIONGFEN LU, DONGMEI XI, RENHUI YANG, SHULING WANG, WENSHUN BAI, ZHEN YANG, RONGKANG ZHOU, XIAO CHENG, JING LENG

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 68 , ISSUE 4, 505–514

research-article | 30-November-2019

Morphological and molecular characterization of Pratylenchus species from Yam (Dioscorea spp.) in West Africa

number of diagnostic features and high intraspecific variability (Luc, 1987; Duncan et al., 1999; Castillo and Vovlas, 2007). To establish the diversity of Pratylenchus spp., associated with yam, surveys were conducted in the main yam producing areas in Nigeria and Ghana. The Pratylenchus populations obtained from yam tuber tissue and yam rhizosphere were morphologically characterized and molecularly confirmed by sequencing of the D2-D3 of 28 S rDNA and mitochondrial COI genes. Materials and methods

Yao A. Kolombia, Oluwadamilola Ogundero, Emmanuel Olajide, Nicole Viaene, P. Lava Kumar, Danny L. Coyne, Wim Bert

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–25

Original Paper | 30-June-2018

Distribution of Cell Envelope Proteinases Genes among Polish Strains of Lactobacillus helveticus

production, bacterial growth rate in milk as well as liberation of biologically active peptides. The study reveals significant differences in the presence of various variants of CEPs encoding genes among ten novel Polish strains and indicates the intraspecific diversity exhibited by L. helveticus. In terms of distribution of CEPs genes, four different genetic profiles were found among the microorganisms analyzed. Furthermore, the strains exhibited also various levels of proteolytic activity. Molecular

KATARZYNA W. SKRZYPCZAK, WALDEMAR Z. GUSTAW, ADAM D. WAŚKO

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 67 , ISSUE 2, 203–211

research-article | 30-November-2018

The Multiplex Social Environments of Young Black Men Who Have Sex with Men: How Online and Offline Social Structures Impact HIV Prevention and Sex Behavior Engagement

one group that was thematically categorized as LGBTQ Identity, Sexual Attraction, and Chat, each of which were related to primary prevention and risk outcomes in bivariate analyses not shown here. The compositional range of group subjects in a group affiliation network represents the network’s topical diversity and was measured as the number of different types of group subjects (ranging from 1-9) that were represented in an individual’s group membership portfolio. Finally, Facebook groups can be

Lindsay E. Young, Kayo Fujimoto, Leigh Alon, Liang Zhang, John A. Schneider

Journal of Social Structure, Volume 20 , ISSUE 3, 70–95

research-article | 14-December-2020

Nematodes and the effect of seasonality in grassland habitats of South Africa

recovered with increased sampling efforts. The high number of recorded and estimated genera is important as it is commonly accepted that a high richness in nematode taxa are indicative of healthy and functioning soil ecosystems (Ekschmitt et al., 2001; Ferris, 2010; Sánchez-Moreno and Ferris, 2018). A high richness of herbivore taxa in natural environments are often the result of a high diversity in plant species (Hodda et al., 2009; Cortois et al., 2017). According to Hodda et al. (2009), some evidence

Chantelle Girgan, Gerhard du Preez, Mariette Marais, Antoinette Swart, Hendrika Fourie

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–22

original-paper | 27-December-2020

Multidrug-resistant Opportunistic and Pathogenic Bacteria Contaminate Algerian Banknotes Currency

. The latter were transported to the laboratory, where they were directly processed. Isolation and numeration of the bacteria. To evaluate the bacterial diversity of the studied banknotes, different culture media were used, allowing the isolation and enumeration of the total cultivable bacteria and various specific bacterial groups. Each banknote was dropped into 10 ml of Trypticase Soy Broth (TSB, Difco) and shaken for 30 minutes with a vortex agitator to dislodge the bacteria into the broth, as

LYDIA NEÏLA DJOUADI, NADJET GUEZLANE-TEBIBEL, KENZA MANSOURI, HANANE BOUMERDASSI, KARIM ARAB, MARIE-LAURE FARDEAU, FARIDA NATECHE

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 69 , ISSUE 4, 491–501

Article | 24-March-2018

TRAJECTORY-BASED MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT MANAGEMENT FOR RESILIENT TRANSPORTATION

between different systems, processes, applications, and stakeholders [2]. The proposed trajectory-based concept is considered as suitable approach to perform the smart and adaptable planning, operation, and management of systems with dissimilar structures, a wide diversity of actors, and distributed responsibilities. It is therefore expected that it will be especially well suited to facilitate multimodal transport management for future Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS). Based on the “transport

Evelin ENGLER, Stefan GEWIES, Paweł BANYŚ, Erik GRUNEWALD

Transport Problems, Volume 13 , ISSUE 1, 81–96

Original Paper | 27-September-2017

Metagenomic Analysis of Soil Bacterial Community and Level of Genes Responsible for Biodegradation of Aromatic Hydrocarbons

Gammaproteobacteria were dominant (28.4–36.6%), whereas in the case of agricultural soil and protected wild-life park soil their ratios decreased (22.8–23.0%) and were similar to that of Alphaproteobacteria. No statistically significant changes were observed in terms of the Operational Taxonomic Unit identified in the studies soils, however, based on the determined alpha-diversity it can be established that contaminated soils were characterized by lower biodiversity indices compared to agricultural

Jakub Czarny, Justyna Staninska-Pięta, Jolanta Powierska-Czarny, Jacek Nowak, Łukasz Wolko, Agnieszka Piotrowska-Cyplik

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 66 , ISSUE 3, 345–352

Article | 30-November-2018

PARECHOVIRUSES – UNDERESTIMATED RISK

different types of HPeV (intertype recombination). Recombination contributes to the creation of new variants of the virus, and thus to the increase in the pace of evolution, it leads to the acquisition of genetic differences conditioning the change in virulence. European HPeV-1 isolates recombine on average every 1–3 years [42]. HPeV-3 rarely comes into contact with other parechoviruses in the same cell, hence the limited recombination and lower genetic diversity in comparison to HPeV-1 [10, 40, 98

Arleta Krzysztoszek, Magdalena Wieczorek

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 58 , ISSUE 3, 301–315

Original Paper | 26-August-2016

Molecular Characterization of Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia coli Strains Isolated in Poland

distribution of various virulence determinants among STEC strains isolated in Poland from different sources. A total of 71 Shiga toxin-producing E. coli strains isolated from human, cattle and food over the years 1996–2010 were characterized by microarray and PCR detection of virulence genes. As stx1a subtype was present in all of the tested Shiga toxin 1 producing E. coli strains, a greater diversity of subtypes was found in the gene stx2, which occurred in five subtypes: stx2a, stx2b, stx2c, stx2d

Aleksandra Januszkiewicz, Waldemar Rastawicki

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 65 , ISSUE 3, 261–269

Original Paper | 28-December-2016

Genotyping and Clinicoepidemiological Characterization of Rotavirus Acute Gastroenteritis in Egyptian Children

was associated with vomiting and dehydration (OR; 1.66, P = 0.021 & 1.4, P = 0.03). RVA genotypes G1P[8] (26.7%), G9P[8] (20%) and G3P[8] (15.6%) were accounting for 62.3% of RVA AGE. G9 was significantly associated with mucus diarrhea, than G1 or G3 which were associated with watery diarrhea (P = 0.025). Also, G9 was significantly associated with loose stool for > 5 days (P = 0.006) and 54.4% of G9 patients had severe dehydration. The diversity of RVA strains detected in Nile Delta Egypt

Niveen Saudy, Walaa Othman Elshabrawy, Ahmed Megahed, Mona F. Foad, Aly F. Mohamed

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 65 , ISSUE 4, 433–442

Original Paper | 04-September-2018

The Emergence of Different Functionally Equivalent PAH Degrading Microbial Communities from a Single Soil in Liquid PAH Enrichment Cultures and Soil Microcosms Receiving PAHs with and without Bioaugmentation

a low diversity community. No significant difference in the rate of PAH degradation was observed between the microcosm receiving only PAHs or PAHs and bioaugmentation. Moreover, identical matches to the bioaugmentation inoculum were only observed at the initial stages of PAH degradation on day 8. After 22 days of incubation, the substantial degradation of all PAHs had occurred in both microcosms and the PAH contaminated soil had statistically significant increases in Alphaproteobacteria. There

FRANCINE AMARAL PIUBELI, LIGIA GIBBI DOS SANTOS, EMILIA NARANJO FERNÁNDEZ, FLÁVIO HENRIQUE DA SILVA, LUCIA REGINA DURRANT, MATTHEW JAMES GROSSMAN

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 67 , ISSUE 3, 365–375

research-article | 30-November-2018

A COI DNA barcoding survey of Pratylenchus species in the Great Plains Region of North America

within most haplotype groups ranged from 0 to 0.048. Haplotypes groups Pratylenchus sp. 2 and Pratylenchus sp. 9 exhibited the highest intraspecific diversity with distance values of 0.077 and 0.048, respectively. Interspecific variability among haplotype groups was exceptionally high, ranging from a low of 0.079 between haplotypes Pratylenchus sp. 5 and Pratylenchus sp. 6 to 0.409 between haplotypes P. zeae and Pratylenchus sp. 2. Table 3. Estimates of evolutionary divergence (p-distances) over

Mehmet Ozbayrak, Tim Todd, Timothy Harris, Rebecca Higgins, Kirsten Powers, Peter Mullin, Lisa Sutton, Thomas Powers

Journal of Nematology, Volume 51 , 1–21

Original Paper | 24-February-2017

Inability of shear-wave elastography to distinguish malignant from benign prostate tissue – a comparison of biopsy, whole-mount sectioning and shear-wave elastography

was not found for D’Amico risk groups (p = 0.35). Conclusions: The (negative) findings of this investigation add to the dissonance among results of studies investigating the possible value of shear-wave elastography as a diagnostic tool to identify malignant neoplasia. There is a clear need for further research to elucidate the diversity of study results and to identify the usefulness, if any, of the method in question.

Markus Porsch, Claudia Görner, Johann Jakob Wendler, Uwe-Bernd Liehr, Anke Lux, Sandra Siedentopf, Martin Schostak, Maciej Pech

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 67, 348–358

research-article | 21-October-2020

Optimizing for taxonomic coverage: a comparison of methods to recover mesofauna from soil

polar heptane and not to the apolar water (Aucamp and Ryke, 1964). The amount soil processed by these procedures is generally in the range of 100 to 250 g, but this volume is insufficient to capture arthropod diversity in the deeper, mineral soil fraction using Tullgren extraction. For this reason, Arribas et al. (2016) added an extra flotation step (described below) to the Tullgren extraction protocol in order to improve the efficiency of the Berlese in recovering microarthropods from the

Alexandros Dritsoulas, Larry W. Duncan

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–9

research-article | 27-May-2019

Effect of the trap crop, Solanum sisymbriifolium, on Globodera pallida, Globodera tabacum, and Globodera ellingtonae

of exposure to the trap crop. Discussion This is the first report on the efficacy of S. sisymbriifolium for the management of Globodera spp. in the United States. Solanum sisymbriifolium has received attention in Europe for the management of G. pallida and G. rostochiensis (Scholte and Vos, 2000; Scholte, 2000a, 2000b; Timmermans et al., 2006, 2009). Current research demonstrates that S. sisymbriifolium was an effective trap crop for a diversity of Globodera spp. found in the US; the potato

L. M. Dandurand, I. A. Zasada, J. A. LaMondia

Journal of Nematology, Volume 51 , 1–11

research-article | 30-November-2019

Intraspecific variation in phenotypic and phylogenetic features among Pratylenchus penetrans isolates from Wisconsin, USA

were (i) to assess the extent of intraspecific variability in P. penetrans in Wisconsin by comparing 13 populations of P. penetrans for morphological variation and 52 populations for sequence variation in the COI mitochondrial gene, and (ii) to determine the extent of diversity in COI for P. penetrans by combining our data with published COI sequences from populations around the world in phylogenetic and haplotype analyses. Materials and methods Nematode isolates Nematodes were recovered from

Kanan Saikai, Ann E. MacGuidwin

Journal of Nematology, Volume 52 , 1–17

Original Paper | 04-September-2018

Isolation of Bacterial Endophytes from Phalaris arundinacea and their Potential in Diclofenac and Sulfamethoxazole Degradation

approximately 35% of DCF and 61% of SMX, while an increase in the optical density of the cultures was noted. The higher removal efficiency can be explained by adaptive mechanisms in microorganisms exposed to phenol (i.e. changes in the composition of membrane lipids) and by a co-metabolic mechanism, where non-growth substrates can be transformed by non-specific enzymes. The presence of both DCF and SMX and the influence of the supply frequency of CWs with the contaminated wastewater on the diversity of

ANNA WĘGRZYN, EWA FELIS

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 67 , ISSUE 3, 321–331

Article | 10-June-2019

TAXONOMY OF DERMATOPHYTES – THE CLASSIFICATION SYSTEMS MAY CHANGE BUT THE IDENTIFICATION PROBLEMS REMAIN THE SAME

fungi, is the unexpected diversity of phylogenetic isolates, which earlier appeared to be phenotypically monomorphic [22, 25, 63, 64]. The isolates with a similar macro and micro-morphology are repeatedly proven to belong to completely different species, genera and even ecological groups [22, 40, 60]. It is necessary to indicate that dermatophytes classified according to phenotype, despite the differentiation of traits within equivalent taxa, always belong to one evolutionary lineage, that is

Sebastian Gnat, Aneta Nowakiewicz, Przemysław Zięba

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 58 , ISSUE 1, 49–58

Article | 21-July-2017

Are Entomopathogenic Nematodes Effective Biological Control Agents Against the Carob Moth, Ectomyelois ceratoniae?

The carob moth (Ectomyelois ceratoniae) is the key pest of pomegranate, which causes a significant percentage of losses in pomegranate orchards and warehouses of Iran annually. The pest larvae are characterized by displaying a cryptic behavior within the fruit, which avoids most routine control techniques, especially chemical method. The low efficiency of traditional measurements and also the rich species diversity of natural enemies within the infested fruits highlight the necessity

ZAHRA MEMARI, JAVAD KARIMI, SHOKOOFEH KAMALI, SEYED HOSSEIN GOLDANSAZ, MOJTABA HOSSEINI

Journal of Nematology, Volume 48 , ISSUE 4, 261–267

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