A multi-cluster-head based clustering routing algorithm is researched and realized in order to achieve better balance the energy consumption of wireless sensor network nodes as well as promote the stability and extend the service life of the network. By taking cluster as the basic unit, it divides the wireless sensor network into multiple clusters, each of which includes a main cluster head node, an assistant cluster head node, a cluster management node and several ordinary nodes. The article
International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 4, 15–19
The use of electrically powered vehicles is becoming more and more established in practice and represents a promising solution in future ensuring quality mobility and reducing the pollution in the environment. Since these vehicles are high-priced, and there is still a low awareness among consumers in terms of energy consumption and pollution, vehicles with an internal combustion engine remain the norm. For this purpose, the study, here, provides an energy consumption estimate of an electric
Robert Robert Muha,
Transport Problems , ISSUE 2, 49–58
. Despite larger quantity of exchanged data due to channel reservation needs (with a 35% traffic overhead, in the performed tests), the FlexSPI total energy consumption is comparable with the I2C one, at the same communication speed; thus a lower energy/bit requirement is required for FlexSPI protocol, decreasing with the negotiated speed, in this way proving FlexSPI protocol as a suited and valid choice for high-speed low-consumption communications inside embedded systems with a developed architecture
R. de Fazio,
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 754–792
It has been shown that road geometry has a great impact on overall energy consumption and emissions. Some roads connect traffic origins and destinations directly. On the other hand, some use winding, indirect routes. Indirect connections result in longer distances driven and increased fuel consumption. A similar effect is observed on congested roads and mountain roads with many changes in altitude. Therefore, we propose a framework to assess road networks based on energy consumption. This
Transport Problems , ISSUE 2, 77–87
The paper presents a construction of an experimental electric bicycle for evaluation of the energy efficiency. The bicycle is equipped with onboard computer which can store the information about motion and energy consumption. The result concerning power, energy consumption, recharging during brake process, etc. are given. Energy consumption for 3 typical city routes is studied.
Transport Problems , ISSUE 3, 131–140
This report introduces the study results of a Citroen Berlingo converted into an electric car. It presents the energy properties of road and laboratory tests. Initially the structure of the converted car is described, and characteristics of the main car elements are given. Then, the power and energy characteristics of the converted car are obtained and analyzed. On the road, energy consumption at different constant speeds is registered. In addition, at laboratory, the energy consumption during
Transport Problems , ISSUE 3, 151–161
This paper aims to propose a framework for optimizing performance in cluster-based wireless sensor networks (WSNs) with constrains of energy consumption, delay and connectivity. For the limitation of energy storage being discussed a lot, many researches try to find more solutions to improve it. But, the other index of wireless sensor networks may be deteriorated by many routings which are dedicated to optimizing energy consumption. Thereby, multi-objectives optimization is one of significant
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 2103–2118
Heat gains from the sun affect the heat balance of building by reducing the energy demand at certain periods of the year and increasing it at others. Windows, especially the type of glazing, are a determining factor in the successful use of solar gains. The aim of the research presented in the paper is to analyse the effects of the type and size of windows on annual heating and cooling energy consumption considering the energy costs in Polish climate conditions. Additionally the influence of
Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 4, 133–140
In this paper, we propose a novel posterior belief clustering (PBC) algorithm to solve the tradeoff between target tracking performance and sensors energy consumption in wireless sensor networks. We model the target tracking under dynamic uncertain environment using partially observable Markov decision processes (POMDPs), and transform the optimization of the tradeoff between tracking performance and energy consumption into yielding the optimal value function of POMDPs. We analyze the error of
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 628–641
The main goal of the Task 4 “Development of thermal diagnostics of buildings” of Strategic Research Project “Integrated System for Reducing Energy Consumption in the Maintenance of Buildings” was to develop new tools for thermal diagnostics of different types of buildings, including development of the rapid method of a cooling sources diagnostics. The paper presents a method for assessing the cooling sources based on on-site measurements. The cooling capacity of the cooling sources and the
Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 2, 157–163
In the modern world it is increasingly referred to the concept of intelligent building. Intelligent building referred to above all energy-efficient building, using alternative energy sources, as well as equipped with modern energy efficient technologies that reduce the energy consumption of the building in general. But for all the time and does not set forth a definition of intelligence buildings, which leads to different opinions and approaches to the understanding of the term.
International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 1, 115–119
This article focuses on the synthesis of conditional dependence structure of recursive Bayesian estimation of dynamic state space models with time-varying parameters using a newly modified recursive Bayesian algorithm. The results of empirical applications to climate data from Nigeria reveals that the relationship between energy consumption and carbon dioxide emission in Nigeria reached the lowest peak in the late 1980s and the highest peak in early 2000. For South Africa, the slope trajectory
Olushina Olawale Awe,
Abosede Adedayo Adepoju
Statistics in Transition New Series , ISSUE 1, 123–136
load is presented. This algorithm is the implementation of Scalable Power Control Technology with respect to the problem of reducing electricity consumption for electric locomotive traction. The direct the experimental confirmation of energy consumption reduction for freight electric locomotive due to the application of our proposals (under the same operating conditions of the locomotive) is obtained.
Alexander Zarifyan Jr.
Transport Problems , ISSUE 2, 103–110
with three other existing data gathering algorithms. Simulation results show that the proposed scheme outperforms existing algorithms in terms of energy consumption and that the scheme can adapt to the change of network connectivity and data correlation conditions.
Cheng Chew Lim
International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 1, –
intensive application is realized on an FPGA based architecture so as to determine the sampling rates for which it achieves the highest performance and consumes the least amount of energy as compared to that of a micro-controller based architecture. Based on the measured performance and energy consumption for a computationally intensive application, tri-axes/threechannel vibration based condition monitoring, the results suggest that the FPGA based architecture is the most appropriate solution for
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–7
in energy consumption for all logical partitions. LBE method also balances logical partitions density and it increases the network coverage efficiency.
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–5
The objective of this paper is to study the image communication behavior of a wireless video sensor, and analyze its performance under resource constrained wireless multimedia sensor networks. Energy consumption and rate distortion model of DCT-based coded image compression and transmission is developed. Based on energy consumption and rate distortion model proposed, resource allocation is optimized with limited energy and bandwidth. Number of DCT coefficient and step size of quantization table
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 120–135
Energy consumption is gradually increasing due to the increase in user-oriented comfort requirements besides the continuously growth in population and building stock. According to the 2010 AR5 Report (Fifth Assessment Report) by IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change), globally 32% of the total energy consumption and 19% of the greenhouse gas emissions belong to the buildings . The energy data of EU in 2016 shows that these rates increased to 40% and 36
Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 1, 5–18
India is the world’s third largest consumer of primary energy, which includes fossil fuels like coal, oil, etc. The total primary energy consumption in India in 2015 was 107 Mtoe. India’s total final energy consumption was estimated at 527 Mtoe of which the industrial sectors consumed about 30% (185 Mtoe) in 2013. The Iron and Steel sector is one of the most energy-intensive industries, consuming about 25% of the total industrial energy consumption. The energy consumption in Indian
Narendra Nath Dalei
Statistics in Transition New Series , ISSUE 2, 107–121
Transport Problems , ISSUE 2, 123–131
In view of unbalanced link bandwidth and node energy consumption in Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks (UASNs), a distributed topology optimization control algorithm (EL-BatCA) is proposed, which is based on balanced network energy and load. A hierarchical network model is designed based on minimum-hop, by which the nodes are divided into n layers. EL-BatCA is implemented through three stages-topology graph formation in initialization, an innovative transmission power adjustment in topology
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 138–159
solution prioritizing the network into higher and lower energy nodes. The aim of this approach is to ensure well balanced energy consumption in order to maximize network lifetime. It is shown by simulation that the proposed technique exhibits better performance when compared to existing clustering routing techniques in terms of throughput, network lifetime and energy consumption.
A. F. Salami,
A. M. Aibinu
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 161–173
an efficient way to decrease energy consumption and improve network lifetime, this paper proposes a centralized routing called Low-Energy Adaptive routing Hierarchy Based on Differential Evolution (LEACH-DE). Simulation results show that the proposed routing protocol outperforms other well known protocols including LEACH and LEACH-C in the aspects of reducing overall energy consumption and improving network lifetime.
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 523–547
have limited computing power, poor real-time and energy consumption limitations, it is difficult to bear the needs of computation-intensive, latency-sensitive and high energy consumption applications, In order to meet these challenges, the first solution proposed is to apply compute offload technology in mobile cloud computing (Mobile Cloud Computing (MCC)) architecture. By offloading the compute tasks of the terminal to a cloud data center with sufficient compute and storage resources, the delay
International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 2, 58–63
this paper, we propose a new unequal clustering algorithm based on the partitioned circles network model, having better accuracy in the energy consumption analysis than the rectangular one. The superiority of the algorithm we propose is cluster parameters, by which the region width and cluster-head probability, are obtained with a complete energy consumption analysis. Through the simulation evaluation, the algorithm brings the better performance than the equal clustering.
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1808–1829
Outlier detection plays a crucial role in secure monitoring in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN). Moreover, outlier detection techniques in WSN face the problem of limited resources of transmission bandwidth, energy consumption and storage capacity. In this paper, similar flocking model is proposed and a cluster algorithm based on similar flocking model (CASFM) is put forward to detect outliers in real-time stream data collected by sensor nodes. The similar flocking model improves the Vicsek model
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 18–37
In-network data aggregation plays an important role on energy consumption from the point of reducing the amount of communication in cluster-based wireless sensor networks. The selection of cluster heads is usually based on two criteria which are the number of cluster heads network needed and the times of every node serving as the cluster head. Too much or too little cluster head number will shorten the network lifetime for the energy premature depletion of some sensor nodes, so it has a great
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 1935–1955
The Polish National Centre for Research and Development has been coordinating the implementation of a strategic research project “Integrated System for Reducing Energy Consumption in the Maintenance of Buildings”. The main goal of the project is to support Poland's efforts to reduce energy consumption in buildings, which is a strategic goal of the European Union. Within the scope of the aforementioned project, Task 4, “Development of thermal diagnostics of buildings”, was realized. Silesian
Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 2, 125–132
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–6
According to the development of information technology and the management of metallurgical enterprises, the paper puts forward the design scheme of the information platform for metallurgical enterprises, introduces the structure and function of the new type of metallurgical information platform. It realize loop online collection, hierarchical data computation, distributed database management and global WEB publishing capability. And improve the level of production automation, reduce energy
International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 4, 1–4
cluster environment. In this research work we represent K-centroids clustering in big data mechanism for Hadoop cluster. This approach is mainly focused on the energy consumption in The Hadoop cluster, which helps to increase the system reliability. The Hadoop cluster consists of resources which are categorized for minimizing the scheduling delay in the Hadoop cluster using the K-Centroids clustering algorithm. A novel provisioning mechanism is introduced along with the consideration of load, energy
E. Laxmi Lydia,
International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 2, 34–46
drop, throughput, energy consumption, residual energy and network lifetime. The proposed scheme achieves better performance than the existing EEHA and SMART schemes.
M. Roseline Juliana,
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 1748–1767
efficiency, intrusion detection and security has been presented. The performance of three hybrid trust models is evaluated based on the path length, trust calculation and energy consumption using ACO.
G. Edwin Prem Kumar,
R. Elijah Blessing,
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 1243–1260
This paper investigates the problem of running gait optimization for humanoid robot. In order to reduce energy consumption and guarantee the dynamic balance including both horizontal and vertical stability, a novel running gait generation based on opposition-based learning particle swarm optimization (PSO) is proposed which aims at high energy efficiency with better stability. In the proposed scheme of running gait generation, a population initiation policy based on domain knowledge is employed
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 1162–1179
working area of submarine and the frequency of target within system work a certain time. The simulation results show that the algorithm can guarantee higher detection probability, and reduce the energy consumption of network and prolong network lifetime.
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 2149–2166
Marine environmental monitoring based on wireless sensor networks (WSN) is a challenging area of research due to the instability of the water field. Due to the characteristics of the water environment, there are certain considerations which must be taken into account before the establishment of marine based wireless sensor networks. These include the deployment of wireless nodes (WNs), energy consumption, network connectivity and security. This paper compares and contrasts the basic parameters
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–5
and limiting energy consumption. Gas sensor temperature can be modulated as well to further increase selectivity and sensitivity. Finally, some gas sensing layers exhibit a photo-catalytic effect, which can be applied to improve detection and yield lower operating temperatures of the gas sensing materials.
Fatima E. Annanouch,
Claes G. Granqvist,
Laszlo B. Kish
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–6
an intelligent building is an environment that contains a number of sensor and camera, which aims to provide information that give the various actions taken by individuals, and their status to be processed by a system of detection and classification of behaviors . This system of detection and classification uses this information as input to provide maximum comfort to people who are in this building with optimal energy consumption, for example if I workout in the room then the system will lower
Henni Sid Ahmed,
Belbachir Mohamed Faouzi,
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 1317–1342
Due to their small size, low weight, low cost and low energy consumption, MEMS (Micro Electro-Mechanical Systems) accelerometers have achieved great commercial success in recent decades. The objective of this paper is to find the optimum design for a typical MEMS accelerometer, which satisfies a set of given constraints. Due to the complex nature of the problem, a gravitational search algorithm (GSA) is developed for optimization. The GSA attempts to optimize the inter-plate gap while
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 65–89
configuration that results in minimum annual energy consumption can be a challenging task, but ultimately not very useful, since economic considerations must play a role in the construction of any real building. Indeed, the problem of building energy efficiency becomes more complex as economic factors are introduced. A building that consumes the absolute minimum amount of energy for its size is most likely not very cost-effective, since additional construction costs would overwhelm any savings from reduced
Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 2, 81–90
The utilization of pozzolanic materials like metakaolin (MK) in cement mortar and concrete is growing in construction industry all around the world to reduce the CO2 release into the atmosphere and reduce energy consumption. This study instigates the performance of concrete containing locally developed metakaolin in terms of workability, unit weight, compressive strength, ultrasonic pulse velocity and drying shrinkage of concrete. The Portland cement (PC) is replaced by inclusion of developed
Manthar Ali KEERIO,
Daddan khan BANGWAR
Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 2, 115–122
take advantages of SPM because SPM must be explicitly used by software to achieve high performance. This paper proposes a novel methodology to share SPM during multiprograms. The applications are analyzed and memory objects are generated. During the executions, multi-programs can share SPM through these memory objects. The experimental results show that our approach can reduce both the execution time and the energy consumption effectively.
J. F. Yang,
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 1–20
circumstance to minimize the energy consumption. Furthermore, a new synchronous sleeping/wake schedule mechanism in the medium access control layer is proposed. Sensor nodes can use the forwarding and listening status to schedule their better energy status on demanded. The experiment has been evaluated and analyzed in a test-bed. The result confirms the structure and the proposed mechanism are energy efficiency and gain better trade-off between the accuracy and efficiency.
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 1997–2017
convenient to embed in devices. In this paper we use Ti Company’s CC2530 chip as an experiment object. By using the fuzzy controller we keep the transmission power to the minimum. By this way, the energy consumption can be reduced on the premise of ensuring normal communication. The fuzzy controller system has a good steady-state and dynamic performance, and contributes to the ZigBee system’s stability and low power consumption performance.
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 1736–1752
the proposed design on the reduction of energy consumption.
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 1054–1076
The paper analyzes the possibility of using the energy signature method based on the linear regression to determine the seasonal energy demand for cooling and ventilation in the office building. The “extended” energy signature method (H-m method) was described and applied. In accordance with Standard (EN 15603) the estimation of energy consumption for cooling can be performed for a period shorter than the entire season, but data range must be appropriate to obtain the correct accuracy of the
Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 2, 133–143
are charged by the sun through 5-kW solar panels. The results show that the vessel powered by two 5-kW electric motors can sail autonomously for about 1.5 hours, to travel about 13 km, at an average speed of 7.9 km/h with an average energy consumption of 71.3 kWh/100km when sailing on a linearly reversible route including sailing downstream and upstream on the Danube River.
Transport Problems , ISSUE 3, 109–120
, delay of information packet, energy consumption and other properties under the control of the proposed protocol. By using the cycle analysis method, computer simulation results not only verify the theoretical analysis, but also show that the protocol has the optimum performance. The proposed protocol can not only reduce the collision probability of information packets to some extent, improving the channel utilization, reducing the waste of channel resources, but also achieve the balancing of load in
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 88–107
Husham Idan Hussein,
Ghassan Abdullah Salman,
Ahmed Majeed Ghadban
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems
, ISSUE 1, 1–10
of life and resource efficiency through the productive use of innovation and new technologies. The “Smart City Vienna” strategy aims to successfully meet the challenges of the 21st century: by 2025, 2030 and even 2050, a total of 38 specific tasks have been defined .
Smart City Vienna 2050 objectives
Reducing energy consumption, using renewable energy
Low energy building standards and necessary renovation of existing buildings
Reduction of environmental pollution by CO2 reduction
Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 3, 5–12
Sensor network is a data-centric network, which provides data collection, storage and query services. Data storage and query is one of the hot spot in the research of sensor networks. In order to solve the problem of low efficiency of storage and query，high energy consumption in sensor networks, we put forward a scheme that storing distributed data of wireless sensor network based on information processing cloud. Information processing cloud is made up of a group of sensor nodes around the
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 1614–1636
was constructed replicating a conventional PC mouse so that anyone could comfortably use it without special training or operation knowledge. Vertical movement of the virtual tactile pad in the virtual world is controlled in proportion to the compressive force applied on the display pad. This makes it possible to reduce the operator’s energy consumption during manipulation in 3D-space. Operators can now work in 3D-space in spite of their manipulations actually being done in 2.5D-space. Evaluation
Ahmad Khushairy Makhtar,
Siti Nora Basir
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 810–832
along with the relationship of energy consumption and speed respectively for shipping and railway transportation, and then presents the speed optimization both shipping and railway transportation based on ITS so as to minimize cost and emissions. Subsequently it compared and analyzed the cost and emissions for mode selections, and it found that it is more effective and environmental to employ railway transport to some route leg. Finally A numerical case is presented and the results showed that it is
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 191–214
issue is extremely important from the point of view of economic, environmental, and corporate social responsibility. The main problems of the environmental policy are areas related to waste, water, and energy management. Some airports take up challenges related to the implementation of innovative solutions, including sustainable energy management. Tasks related to reducing energy consumption and increasing the use of green energy at airports will be of key importance.
Transport Problems , ISSUE 4, Part 2, 287–300
classroom remain operating which causes an unjustified energy consumption. The aim of this paper is to propose a context-aware automation of classrooms which contributes to improving the quality of the educational process by automating tasks that are not directly related to the content of the courses and consume time and effort that would affect the smooth running of the educational process. The proposed smart classroom will provide a comfortable learning environment that ensures more emphasis on course
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 1–8
the reading from sensors is a severe drain in terms of network resources and energy consumption. In this paper we separate the task of comparative global analysis to a central coordinator and use a reference PMax which is a normalized probability of individual source which reflects the current lifetime reliability of the sensors calculated at the cluster heads which then is compared with the current global reliability index based on all the PMax of cluster heads. As this implementation does not
Garimella Ram Murthy,
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 912–921
–Meeting the energy needs of renewable energy sources.
–Use of rainwater resources, grey sewage and groundwater, opening of soil, avoiding waste and using low-emission materials.
–Establishing common gardens for healthy food
–Accessibility of low-cost apartments with the possibility of future purchase.
–Categorisation of the comfort and price of apartments – keeping functional and social diversification.
–Energy consumption monitoring by integrating
Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 1, 15–22