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Research paper

Effects of different delayed exercise regimens on cognitive performance in fimbria-fornix transected rats

Studies have shown that exercise can positively influence cognitive performance after brain injury. This study investigated the effects of different exercise regimens on allocentric place learning after fimbria-fornix (FF) transection. One hundred and sixteen pre-shaped rats were subjected either to a mechanical transection of the FF or control sham surgery and divided into following groups: i) no exercise (NE), ii) voluntary exercise in a running wheel (RW), iii) forced swimming exercise

Elise Wogensen, Linda Marschner, Marie Gajhede Gram, Siri Mehlsen, Valdemar H. B. Uhre, Pernille Bülow, Jesper Mogensen, Hana Malá

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 4, 323–336

research-article

Moderate exercise prevents the cell atrophy caused by hypothyroidism in rats

generally considered beneficial for brain health and cognitive function in normal subjects. Exercising implicates positive effects for the nervous tissue, such as increased blood flow, increased synapse plasticity and increased neurogenesis, particularly in the hippocampus (Cooper et al., 2018). Several studies have shown that exercise promotes the recovery of the hippocampal function after various forms of neural insult (Kim et al., 2011; Cechetti et al., 2012; Winocur et al., 2014; Klein et al., 2016

Carmen Martínez-Salazar, Iván Villanueva, Jorge Pacheco-Rosado, Claudia Alva-Sánchez

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 1, 47–56

research-article

Aerobic exercise has an anxiolytic effect on streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats

Wistar rats induced anxiety-like behavior in some behaviors (Caliskan et al., 2019). Exercise has numerous beneficial effects on human health (Farrell et al., 2011), including a positive effect on the mood of the individual (Taylor et al., 1985). Ligtenberg et al. (1998) demonstrated that aerobic training reduced anxiety measures in patients with type 2 diabetes. This notion has also been supported by various behavioral studies in animals, which reported training protocols that induced an anxiolytic

Hasan Caliskan, Firat Akat, Goktug Omercioglu, Gulbahar Bastug, Hakan Ficicilar, Metin Bastug

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 3, 245–255

research-paper

The effects of moderate running exercise and L-tyrosine on penicillin-induced epileptiform activity in rats

excitatory neurotransmitters (Tokiwa et al., 2018). Regular exercise and amino acids are used together as a popular nutritional supplement to reduce these epileptic seizures, and regular daily physical exercise is, thus, important for health. Although the positive or negative effects of physical exercise on seizure frequency remain unclear, it is expected that exercise will have the same positive effects on maximal aerobic capacity, working capacity, and body weight in this patient group as in healthy

Yildirim Kayacan, Emin Can Kisa, Babak Elmi Ghojebeigloo, Suleyman Emre Kocacan, Mustafa Ayyildiz, Erdal Agar

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 2, 148–154

Review

The value of exercise echocardiography in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction

diastolic dysfunction (abnormal E/e’ ratio (averaged ≥13) and abnormal e’<9 cm/s). Few papers have proposed exercise echocardiography as a relevant diagnostic tool in HFpEF. Importantly, Erdei et al. published an important paper highlighting the fact that diastolic exercise stress test should be performed with the aim of estimating filling pressure and systolic-diastolic reserve when exercising(2): Complete echocardiography at rest Complete echocardiography at 100–120 beats/min (submaximal exercise

Erwan Donal

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 76, 43–44

Review

Stress echocardiography. Part II: Stress echocardiography in conditions other than coronary heart disease

Introduction Stress echocardiography (stress echo, SE), with use of both old and new ultrasonographic cardiac function imaging techniques, has nowadays become a widely available, safe and inexpensive diagnostic method. Cardiac stress, such as exercise or an inotropic agent, allows for dynamic assessment of a wide array of ventricles, heart valves and pulmonary circulation functional parameters. The registration of dynamic cardiac response provides completely new insight important from both

Edyta Płońska-Gościniak, Tomasz Kukulski, Jarosław D. Kasprzak, Zbigniew Gąsior, Andrzej Szyszka, Andrzej Gackowski, Wojciech Braksator, Piotr Gościniak, Piotr Pysz, Szymon Olędzki, Wojciech Kosmala

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 76, 49–53

Research Article

Association Between Participating in Noncompetitive or Competitive Sports and Mental Health among Adolescents – a Norwegian Population-based Cross-sectional Study

) aged 13 to 22 years were examined. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) was used for measuring mental health problems, in the form of total symptom scores and impact on daily life. Participation in sports was categorized as follows: 1) not participating; 2) participating in noncompetitive sports; and 3) participating in competitive sports. Sports were divided into individual and team sports. Weekly exercise, healthy diet, and number of friends were investigated as mediating factors

Sara Breistøl, Jocelyne Clench-Aas, Betty Van Roy, Ruth Kjærsti Raanaas

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 28–38

Review

Stress echocardiography. Part I: Stress echocardiography in coronary heart disease

Introduction Stress echocardiography (stress echo, SE) is a method in which various stimuli are used to elicit myocardial contractility or provoke cardiac ischemia with simultaneous echocardiographic recording of left ventricular function and valvular flow, if needed(1–7). SE is used for the diagnosis of coronary heart disease and valvular heart defects. The stressors used include physical exercise, pharmacological agents (dobutamine, vasodilators) and pacing stress, most often with the use of

Edyta Płońska-Gościniak, Andrzej Gackowski, Tomasz Kukulski, Jarosław D. Kasprzak, Andrzej Szyszka, Wojciech Braksator, Zbigniew Gąsior, Barbara Lichodziejewska, Piotr Pysz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 76, 45–48

research-article

Acceptability of fall prevention strategies for older people with vision impairment

likely that impaired strength and balance (Lamoureux et al. 2004; Chen et al. 2011), sedentary lifestyle (Loprin zi et al. 2014) and exercise avoidance (Clemson et al. 2008) contribute to risk. With an ever-increasing population of older people with vision impairment (Taylor et al. 2005), the need for effective fall prevention strategies has never been so crucial. The 2012 Cochrane Review on interventions for preventing falls in community-dwelling older people (Gillespie et al. 2012) concluded that

Lisa Dillon, Patricia Duffy, Anne Tiedemann, Lisa Keay

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 1–9

research-article

Physical activity and environmental enrichment: Behavioural effects of exposure to different housing conditions in mice

emotional changes are not well known. Lima et al. (2017) reported that five days of voluntary exercise on the running wheel induced analgesia in mice. This effect appears to be mediated by mu-opioid receptors and serotoninergic mechanisms. Wang et al. (2019a) observed that EE may improve the pain threshold reduction and the long-term memory impairment induced in nerve-injured mice. In another report, the same authors indicated that hippocampal NPSAS4 (neuronal PAS domain protein 4) may play a role in

Raisa Rabadán, Marta Ramos-Campos, Rosa Redolat, Patricia Mesa-Gresa

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 4, 374–385

research-article

Sonoelastic response of median nerve to rehabilitation in carpal tunnel syndrome

of the median nerve in patients with CTS subjected to splinting plus exercise regimens. It also determines whether SE performed early on would offer any benefit in the clinical prognosis following therapy instituted for CTS. Materials and methods Participants The study was approved by the institutional ethics committee (protocol no.: 23/12/2016-E.56735). An informed consent was obtained from all participants. The demographic variables of the patients such as age, weight, and symptom duration

Yasemin Durum Polat, Elif Aydın, Fikriye Sinem Ince, Mehmet Bilgen

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 81, e90–e94

Research Article

AUGMENTED REALITY GAME BASED MULTI-USAGE REHABILITATION THERAPIST FOR STROKE PATIENTS

in an interactive augmented environment. The benefits of using a gaming platform are to provide the user with increased motivation, as well as a cost effective rehabilitation solution. The games can be used with or without a hand held roller-ball device, which can change the movement and focus of the exercise.

N.I. De Leon, S.K. Bhatt, Adel Al-Jumaily

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 1044–1058

Article

Feasibility and acceptability of orientation and mobility instructors delivering the LiFE falls prevention program to older people with vision impairment.

Older people with vision impairment are at an increased risk of falls. Though exercise-based intervention can reduce falls in the general population, this strategy has not been successful among people with vision impairment. We evaluated the feasibility and acceptability of the LiFE program, a home-based fall prevention program, for people aged over 50 with vision impairment (n=16). The program was successfully delivered by orientation and mobility instructors to clients of Guide Dogs NSW/ACT

Lisa Keay, Ph.D., MPH, Freya Saich, B.Health, Lindy Clemson, Ph.D., Lisa Middlemiss, B.PhysEd/Health Ed., M.Spec.Ed., Jacqueline Johnson, B.A., GradDip.Ed., M.Spec.Ed., Haley Tumanik, M.Spec.Ed., Jessica Taylor, B.Sc., M.Spec.Ed., Joanne Munro, B.AppSc (Physio), M.Hlth Sci (Edu), Ewa Borkowski, M.Spec.Ed., Frances Tinsley, DipOT, DipBusiness, M.Sc.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 22–33

Article

AN ADVANCED NONLINEAR SIGNAL MODEL TO ANALYZE PULSATION-DERIVED PHOTOPLETHYSMOGRAM SIGNALS

discovered that the model has a great performance in that it characterizes PPG signals captured under various measurement conditions if nonlinearity is small. It is also demonstrated that the model successfully characterizes the post-alcohol-intake state and the post-physical-exercise state using the behavior of the nonlinear factors, which should be very useful for alcohol-intake detection. The remaining issues of the model are also addressed.

H. Ozaki, Y. Omura

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 921–943

Research Article

COMPUTATION OF FIELD PROGRAMMABLE CYCLIC REDUNDANCY CHECKS CIRCUIT ARCHITECTURE

In this work we are going to simulate a field programmable cyclic redundancy check circuit architecture. The transmitted data or stored data must be free from error. The increased use of error correction techniques by digital communications designers has created a demand for tools to evaluate and exercise error correction coding approaches before they are committed to expensive ASICs or firmware. Cyclic redundancy check is an error detection method but it can be used only for a specific

M.Anto Bennet, Lakshmi Ravali, T.R. Sughapriya, J. Jenitta, K. Vaishnavi, Priyanka Paree Alphonse

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 506–521

Article

A Focus Group Discussion on Using Guide Dogs

. These included: mobility; adjustment to vision loss; advantages and disadvantages of using a guide dog; the matching process; training with the dog; social function, feelings of friends and family; and the outcome of the relationship. In this article, these themes are described and exemplified with extracts from the focus group discussion. The study fulfilled its purpose as an information gathering exercise to further investigate the relationship between guide dog handlers and their dogs, and has

Janice K.F. Lloyd, BSc., DCR, EMT, CVT, Ph.D., R. Claire Budge, B.A., M.A., Ph.D., Kevin J. Stafford, MVB, M.Sc., Ph.D., FRCVS, MACVSc., Steven J. La Grow, B.S, M.A., Ed.D.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 52–64

Article

DESIGN OF SMART ROBOT FOR WRIST REHABILITATION

level. A fuzzy logic controller is implemented in the LabVIEW-based human-machine interface (HMI) to determine the desired angle and velocity in real time. Parameters and results of each exercise can be stored and operated later in analysis and evolution of patient progress.

Ismail Ben Aabdallah, Yassine Bouteraa, Chokri Rekik

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 1029–1053

Research Article

Detecting Change in Longitudinal Social Networks

the anticipation, early warning, and faster response to both positive and negative organizational activities. By applying statistical process control techniques to social networks we can rapidly detect changes in these networks. Herein we describe this methodology and then illustrate it using four data sets, of which the first is the Newcomb fraternity data, the second set of data is collected on a group of mid-career U.S. Army officers in a week long training exercise, the third is the perceived

Ian McCulloh, Kathleen M. Carley

Journal of Social Structure , ISSUE 1, 1–37

case-report

Glucose transporter type 1 deficiency syndrome (GLUT1-DS) – delayed diagnosis and treatment. A case report

paroxysmal findings include intermittent ataxia, confusion, lethargy, sleep disturbance, and headache. Varying degrees of cognitive impairment can occur, ranging from learning disabilities to severe intellectual disability. GLUT1-DS type 2 is a clinically variable disorder characterized primarily by paroxysmal exercise-induced dyskinesia (DYT18) with onset in childhood. The dyskinesia involves transient abnormal involuntary movements, such as dystonia and choreoathetosis, induced by exercise or exertion

Piotr Bogucki, Ewa Nagańska, Marta Jurek, Dorota Hoffman-Zacharska, Anna Kutkowska-Kaźmierczak, Ewa Obersztyn, Urszula Fiszer

Journal of Epileptology , 49–54

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