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Article

SPARSE REPRESENTATION THEORY AND ITS APPLICATION FOR FACE RECOGNITION

Face recognition aims at endowing computers with the ability to identify different human beings according to their face images. However, recognition rate will decrease sharply when it refers to the non-ideal imaging environments or the incorporation of users, such as illumination, pose, expression variations and so on. Besides, it will be also influence the recognition results when the database is too large or small. Sparse representation based classification for face images has been one of

Yongjiao Wang, Chuan Wang, Lei Liang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 107–124

Article

RANGE IMAGE SENSOR BASED EYE GAZE ESTIMATION BY USING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE FACE AND EYE DIRECTIONS

In this paper, we estimate the eye gaze by using the face direction to estimate the object of interest in an extensive area such as an educational display or museum exhibit. However, the direction of the gaze may differ from that of the face. Therefore, our approach was to use a method that utilizes both the face and eye directions to improve the accuracy of our estimation compared to only using the face direction. The first part of our study involved apprehending the relationship between the

Haruya Tamaki, Tsugunosuke Sakai, Yosuke Ota, Fusako Kusunoki, Shigenori Inagaki, Ryohei Egusa, Masanori Sugimoto, Hiroshi Mizoguchi

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, –

Article

FACE DETECTION IN PROFILE VIEWS USING FAST DISCRETE CURVELET TRANSFORM (FDCT) AND SUPPORT VECTOR MACHINE (SVM)

Human face detection is an indispensable component in face processing applications, including automatic face recognition, security surveillance, facial expression recognition, and the like. This paper presents a profile face detection algorithm based on curvelet features, as curvelet transform offers good directional representation and can capture edge information in human face from different angles. First, a simple skin color segmentation scheme based on HSV (Hue – Saturation - Value) and

Bashir Muhammad, Syed Abd Rahman Abu-Bakar

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 108–123

Article

IRIS-FACE FUSION AND SECURITY ANALYSIS BASED ON FISHER DISCRIMINANT

With the development of society and science technology, the information security becomes more and more important for people and nation. In this paper, we focus on the technology of iris-face fusion in multi-mode sense in order to find an algorithm to get a better recognition performance. Firstly, we introduce the feature extraction of iris and face, and fusion the features using different algorithms. By simulation, we find out the recognition performance with different fusion methods, which

Qihui Wang, Bo Zhu, Yo Liu, Lijun Xie, Yao Zheng

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 387–407

Article

FACE RECOGNITION BASED ON IMPROVED SUPPORT VECTOR CLUSTERING

Traditional methods for face recognition do not scale well with the number of training sample, which limits the wide applications of related techniques. We propose an improved Support Vector Clustering algorithm to handle the large-scale biometric feature data effectively. We prove theoretically that the proposed algorithm converges to the optimum within any given precision quickly. Compared to related state-of-the-art Support Vector Clustering algorithms, it has the competitive performances on

Yongqing Wang, Xiling Liu

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 1807–1829

Article

FACE ALIGNMENT BASED ON SEMI-ACTIVE APPEARANCE MODE

In the information era, the technology of biological character recognition has attracted more and more attentions. In this paper, by investigating theories of active appearance model and inverse compositional image alignment algorithm, we mainly proposed a semi-active appearance model for face alignment based on improving the classical models in the aspects of computation complexity, easily suffering from light, angle and expression, and so on. Firstly, the model of active appearance and the

Shiliang Yan

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 1493–1515

Research Article

DYNAMIC FACE RECOGNITION AND TRACKING SYSTEM USING MACHINE LEARNING IN MATLAB AND BIGDATA

Face Recognition being one of the methods in identifying individuals is getting enhanced at a faster rate. This paper demonstrates the process of detection of faces of the individuals through a live monitoring camera using matlab and also aids in tracking them. The large amount of images being collected at each second is stored in big databases like Hadoop- databases(hbase) or Mongodb as they are known for their higher processing speed. The facial features are extracted from all the images and

P.J Leo Evenss, Jennings Mcenroe .S, A.Prabhu Chakkaravarthy

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 163–173

Article

POSSIBILITIES OF INCREASING THE DURABILITY OF CHAIN WHEELS OF ARMOURED-FACE CONVEYORS

observed that for almost all the combinations of destructive factors considered, the ADI in question was characterised by a wear resistance better than that in the case of the L35GSM cast steel used so far. In addition, it has been found that the ADI has favourable features predestining it for use in the production of chain drums for armoured-face conveyors.

Andrzej N. WIECZOREK

Transport Problems , ISSUE 3, 71–82

Article

Face Recognition of the Rhinopithecus Roxellana QinlingensisBased on Improved HOG and Sparse Representation

With the researches on face recognition of Rhinopithecusroxellanaqinlingensis, this thesis comes up with some methods that refining traditional HOG and Sparse Representation in order to improve the efficiency in recognizing golden monkeys. As we know, improved HOG is an optimal way to show partial information of an image. Besides, it can also plays an crucial role in staying stability in both optical and geometric distortion, which means the changes in expressions, postures and angles of golden

Cuan Ying, Shi Yaojie

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 4, 194–198

Research paper

Face processing in a case of high functioning autism with developmental prosopagnosia

The ability to “read” the information about facial identity, expressed emotions, and intentions is crucial for non-verbal social interaction. Neuroimaging and clinical studies consequently link face perception with fusiform gyrus (FG) and occipital face area (OFA) activity. Here we investigated face processing in an adult, patient PK, diagnosed with both high functioning autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and developmental prosopagnosia (DP). Both disorders have a significant impact on face

Hanna B. Cygan, Hanna Okuniewska, Katarzyna Jednoróg, Artur Marchewka, Marek Wypych, Anna Nowicka

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 2, 114–131

Article

A clock-face method of outdoor scanning and tracking using sports cones: A case study of a client with post-stroke visual field loss

The participant in this case study is a 65 year old male, who had a right posterior cerebral artery stroke. He undertook a compensatory scanning program though continued to experience collisions with objects in familiar and unfamiliar environments. He was later referred to Guide Dogs NSW/ACT, Australia for orientation and mobility (O&M) services. The second author (instructor) assessed and identified this client’s functional field of vision using an outdoor clock-face method by

Sarah Hower, B.HlthSc (OT)., MSpec.Ed, Ross Still, Ross Still, GradDip(O&M), Regional Manager, Guide Dogs NSW/ACT

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 87–95

Research Article

Emotion recognition from the eye region in children with and without Autism Spectrum Disorder in Arab and Scandinavian countries

Background:Difficulties in facial emotion recognition (ER) skills are linked to autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in studies performed in Western and Eastern Asian countries. However, there is a paucity of research examining ER skills in Arab countries, where face-covering veils are more common than in Western countries.Objective:Our aim was to examine basic ER and ER error patterns in Egyptian and Finnish children with and without ASD.Method:We employed the eye-submodule of the Frankfurt Test and

Sanna Kuusikko-Gauffin, Sherin Elsheikh, Sven Bölte, Manal Omar, Geylan Riad, Hanna Ebeling, Arja Rautio, Irma Moilanen

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 4, 159–169

Research Article

Online and Offline Friendship Among Italian Adolescent Girls Following a Non-Traditional School Track

There is still a question of whether online friendship predicts changes in face-to-face friendship (Reduction Hypothesis) or face-to-face friendship predicts changes in online friendship (Compensation Hypothesis) during adolescence.The purpose of this study was to compare these two hypotheses to determine which comes first: online friendship or offline friendship.Eighty adolescent girls between the ages of 14 and 19 years (mean, 16.07 years; standard deviation, 1.28 years) on a non-traditional

Giulia Zucchetti, Fabrizia Giannotta, Emanuela Rabaglietti

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 1, 24–32

Research Article

AUTOMATION DESIGN FOR MONORAIL - BASED SYSTEM PROCESSES

first be completed before drilling can commence, resulting in low advance rates per shift. Improvements in advance rates during decline development can be achieved by application of the Electric Monorail Transport System (EMTS) based drilling system. The system consists of the drilling and loading components that use monorail technology to drill and clean the face during decline development. The two systems work simultaneously at the face in such a way that as the top part of the face is being

Bunda BESA, K. Emmanuel CHANDA, Mahinda KURUPPU

Transport Problems , ISSUE 4, 29–41

Article

IkeNet: Email and Friendship Evolution

Network evolution is an important problem for social scientists, management consultants, and social network scholars. Unfortunately, few empirical data sets exist that have sufficient data to fully explore evolution dynamics. Increasingly, more and more online data sets are used in lieu of offline, face-to-face data. The veracities of these findings are questionable, however, because there are few studies exploring the similarity of online-offline dynamics. The IkeNet project investigated

Ian McCulloh

Connections , ISSUE 1-2, 89–94

Research Article

The Use of Social Networking Sites by Adolescents with Psychiatric Illnesses: A Qualitative Study

” feelings of distress without forcing any specific person into a supportive discussion. In addition, SNSs were described as lower-stress means of communication that allowed responses to be carefully formulated; this led to participants sharing information that they would not have shared during face-to-face interactions. However, participants also described anxiety surrounding the pressure to be active on SNSs, and they found it stressful to be exposed to pictures and posts involving former romantic

Gerrit Ian van Schalkwyk, Katherine Klingensmith, Paige McLaughlin, Zheala Qayyum

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 2, 108–114

abstract

Exploring the dualism of vision – visual function and functional vision

Professionals working in the specialised field of vision impairment face high expectations from the people they support. In their role, professionals must implement strategies that mitigate for the impact of vision impairment for groups of people who have diverse requirements. This support must be individually tailored to suit the needs and aspirations of the person and their community, and to address the challenges posed by any existing eye and/or vision condition/s. Consequently

Susan Silveira

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 1–10

Article

Evaluating the Validity of Texas 2 STEPS

The Texas 2 STEPS Evaluation Tool was assessed for face validity. Thirty Certified Orientation and Mobility Specialists (COMS) piloted the tool while evaluating children under the age of five years. Each participant was asked to evaluate their comfort level working with this population and report the number of years’ experience they have working as a COMS. The majority of participants found the tool useful for assessing orientation and mobility (O&M) skills in children. The Texas 2

Tracy L. Hallak, M.Ed., TVI/COMS Instructor, Luis E. Aguerrevere, Ph.D.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 84–89

research-article

Embarked on social processes (the rivers) in dynamic and multilevel networks (the boats)

Emmanuel Lazega

Connections , ISSUE 1, 60–76

Research Article

PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF EFFICIENT AND RELIABLE ROUTING PROTOCOL ALGORITHM

Fixed-power wireless sensor networks are prevalent and cost-effective. However, they face mote failures, RF interference from environmental noise and energy constraints. Routing protocols for such networks must overcome these problems to achieve reliability, energy efficiency and scalability in message delivery. Achievement of these requirements, however, poses conflicting demands. In this work, we propose an efficient and reliable routing protocol (EAR) that achieves reliable and scalable

B. Sathyasri, Dr.E. N.Ganesh, Dr. P. Senthil Kumar, S. Rathna, R. Jaishree Bai, G. Nalini

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 358–373

Article

A SIMPLE AND COUNTABLE METHOD FOR THE ASSESSMENT OF PERCEIVED WELL-BEING AMONG ELDERLY PEOPLE

This report illustrates the technical design for the monitoring system of wellbeing and demonstrates its feasibility in elderly people. The Con-Dis device consists of three buttons with a happy, neutral or unhappy face, each describing the mood of the patient. The functionality of the device was tested on 5 test persons who were asked to demonstrate their state of well-being by pressing one of the three buttons representing present condition three times per day for a time period of one week (5

Jori Reijula, Toni Rosendahl, Kari Reijula, Matti Linnavuo, Raimo Sepponen

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 279–292

research-article

Implementing a lightweight Schmidt-Samoa cryptosystem (SSC) for sensory communications

Qasem Abu Al-Haija, Ibrahim Marouf, Mohammad M. Asad, Kamal Al Nasr

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 1–9

Research Article

OUTLIER DETECTION BASED ON SIMILAR FLOCKING MODEL IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

Outlier detection plays a crucial role in secure monitoring in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN). Moreover, outlier detection techniques in WSN face the problem of limited resources of transmission bandwidth, energy consumption and storage capacity. In this paper, similar flocking model is proposed and a cluster algorithm based on similar flocking model (CASFM) is put forward to detect outliers in real-time stream data collected by sensor nodes. The similar flocking model improves the Vicsek model

Cheng Chunling, Wu Hao, Yu Zhihu, Zhang Dengyin, Xu Xiaolong

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 18–37

Research Article

ADAPTIVE SPRAY ROUTING FOR OPPORTUNISTIC NETWORKS

opportunistic networks are sparse wireless networks where most of the time there is no complete path from the source to the destination. Many applications require delay constrained routing mechanism which can provide acceptable and resilient service in the face of challenged environments. A class of adaptive spray mechanisms which aims to achieve the delay constraint with low cost in dynamic circumstances was proposed in this paper. Adaptive spray mechanisms use relay nodes to make spray

Xu Jia, Feng Xin, Wang Ru Chuan

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 95–119

Article

ADJUSTMENT OF THE PARALLELISM OF TWO MIRRORS FOR WIDE ANGLE DIVIDED MIRROR MICHELSON WIND IMAGING INTERFEROMETER

Many ways have been developed to measure atmospheric winds by detecting the Doppler shifts of airglow emission lines. The Michelson Interferometer is widely used because of its simple principle. To get the Doppler shifts to calculate the wind velocity, researchers developed four-phase-step and divided mirror technology respectively. But they face challenges in many fields. So a wide angle Michelson Interferometer combining with divided mirror and phase stepping technique is used in this paper

Shaojun Lu, Chunmin Zhang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 602–619

Research Article

I-PD CONTROL DESIGN AND ANALYSIS IN AN ISLANDED MICROGRID SYSTEM

Voltage and frequency control is very important especially to face the migration from conventional to smart grid. In conventional way, voltage and frequency are regulated from the main power plant. However, in a smart grid system, the controller can be distributed into sub-system. A microgrid as a key sub-system must have independent control especially in islanded or stand-alone mode. This paper presents an approach named Integral-Proportional Derivative (I-PD) to control the three-phase

S. D. Panjaitan, R. Kurnianto, B.W. Sanjaya, M. C. Turner

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 935–954

Article

Dialogue as socially just communication

Today’s school leaders seemingly face an ever-increasing array of competing demands and challenges. They are expected to be innovative, transformational and expert while, at the same time, sharing many of the leadership processes, acting in ways that are ethical and socially just, and being highly consultative (Senge, 1994; Stoll, Fink, & Earl, 2003; West-Burnham & Coates, 2006). Together, these expectations place the building of effective interpersonal relationships at the heart

Jeremy Kedian

Journal of Educational Leadership, Policy and Practice , ISSUE 1, 39–50

research-article

Dynamics of Social Networks Following Adolescent Pregnancy

the greater social network at one time. It is unable to account for the greater social tendencies within a school network that may drive change, or assess friendship stability across time. Further, as both friendship- and pregnancy-related challenges likely evolve over time, cross-sectional work may underestimate the extent of social disturbance pregnant teens face. More work is needed to understand how an individual’s network evolves following a pregnancy, and how this evolution may vary across

Elizabeth Humberstone

Journal of Social Structure , ISSUE 1, 1–34

Research Article

“If you talk, you are just talking. If I talk is that bragging?” Perspectives of Parents with Young Gifted Children in New Zealand.

children. The research findings draw attention to challenges that the parents of the gifted children face that complicate their parenting, including social stigma and limited access to gifted support services.  

Lakshmi Chellapan, Valerie Margrain

Apex , ISSUE 1, 10–24

Article

ESTABLISHING AN EFFICIENT OUTBOUND OVERSEAS LOGISTICS CHAIN OF SMALL CONSIGNMENTS: THE PERSPECTIVE OF EASTERN ADRIATIC REGION

the possibility of introducing new LCL lines through the ports of the Eastern Adriatic coast. The study exposes the barriers LCL operators face in maintaining efficient overseas LCL export services, especially in the initial stage when starting with new lines. Initial low volume of small consignments should be transported by LTL (Less than Truck Load) in precarriage transport; thus, the research analyses actual modal split choices and eventual limitations from price and time perspectives. The

Bojan BEŠKOVNIK, Maja STOJAKOVIĆ

Transport Problems , ISSUE 4, 113–126

Research paper

BORROWING INFORMATION OVER TIME IN BINOMIAL/LOGIT NORMAL MODELS FOR SMALL AREA ESTIMATION

Linear area level models for small area estimation, such as the Fay-Herriot model, face challenges when applied to discrete survey data. Such data commonly arise as direct survey estimates of the number of persons possessing some characteristic, such as the number of persons in poverty. For such applications, we examine a binomial/logit normal (BLN) model that assumes a binomial distribution for rescaled survey estimates and a normal distribution with a linear regression mean function for

Carolina Franco, William R. Bell

Statistics in Transition New Series , ISSUE 4, 563–584

Article

FILM THICKNESS MEASUREMENT OF MECHANICAL SEAL BASED ON CASCADED ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK RECOGNITION MODEL

Mechanical seal end faces are separated by a thin fluid film. The thickness of this film must be optimized so as to preventing the serious friction of two end faces and minimizing the fluid leakage. The micro scope condition monitoring of end face is of importance to ensure mechanical seals run normally. A method for measuring the film thickness of end faces and detecting the friction of end faces of mechanical seal has been presented in this paper. Eddy current sensors embedded in the

Erqing Zhang, Pan Fu, Kesi LI, Xiaohui Li, Zhongrong Zhou

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 1870–1889

Article

Using ERGMs to Disaggregate Displacement Cascades*

How do civilians select internal displacement destinations during conflict? Existing research emphasizes the value of cascades as a guide to making these difficult decisions. Cascades may involve civilians following people in their social networks (community cascades), people with similar characteristics (co-ethnic cascades), or the crowd in general (herd cascades). Analyses relying upon interview or regression-based methodological approaches face substantial challenges in identifying the

Justin Schon

Journal of Social Structure , ISSUE 1, 1–40

Article

Researching social justice for students with special educational needs

Following international trends, and research evidence from New Zealand, England and the USA, it is likely that there will be an exponential increase in the number of students with special educational needs (SEN) enrolling in New Zealand schools in the ensuing years. Furthermore, the face of special needs is changing such that what is meant by the term, ‘special needs’, appears to be highly contestable and somewhat elusive. Although international literature uses the term &lsquo

Rose Symes

Journal of Educational Leadership, Policy and Practice , ISSUE 1, 92–105

Article

Detection of Blink State Based on Fatigued Driving

used as an input to the fuzzy inference engine to obtain three types of fatigue levels to accurately quantify the degree of fatigue The method proposed in this paper is to judge the driver’s fatigue driving according to the characteristics of the human eye. Because the digital image processing open source visual library OpenCV comes with a human face detection library, but the disadvantage is that the lighting requirements are very high, the lighting slightly changed, it will be difficult to locate

Lei Chao, Wang Changyuan, Li Guang, Shi Lu

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 4, 24–29

Pictorial Review

Acrania-exencephaly-anencephaly sequence phenotypic characterization using two- and three-dimensional ultrasound between 11 and 13 weeks and 6 days of gestation

essay. The main diagnostic ultrasound features of the disease may be characterized by findings of acrania with increased amniotic fluid echogenicity; “Mickey-Mouse” bi-lobular face, cystic, elongated, irregular and overhanging head morphology. Lightening techniques have also been added to 3D ultrasound to enhance anatomical details. Moreover, discordant amniotic fluid echotexture in the setting of twin pregnancies may be the first sign of acrania-exencephaly-anencephaly sequence. Extracranial

Eduardo Félix Martins Santana, Edward Araujo Júnior, Gabriele Tonni, Fabricio Da Silva Costa, Simon Meagher

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 74, 240–246

Review Paper

The epileptic multifactorial patient’s burden. Review of the topic

fertility disturbances, foetal malformations, or breast feeding sideeffects. Conclusions. The burden that PWE face must be considered by all people involved in the management of their epilepsy. The causes may be multifactorial, all interconnected and each one influencing the others.

José Pimentel

Journal of Epileptology , ISSUE 2, 167–172

research-article

A new rare nematode Nothocriconemoides hangzhouensis n. sp. (Nematoda: Criconematidae) from Hangzhou, China

±4.0 (29.8-41.7) Tail length 26.5 28.3±1.9 (23.3-30.5) Annuli width 13.1 14.5±1.2 (13.1-16.9) Notes: All measurements are in µm and in the form of mean ± SD (range). Figure 1: Line drawings of Nothocriconemoides hangzhouensis n. sp. Female A: esophageal region; B: Cepahlic region; C: En face view: D-F: Cuticle markings; G: Tail region under SEM; H: Tail region under LM; I: Cepahlic region of juvenile: J: Crenation on cuticle of juvenile; K: Tail region of juvenile. (Scale bars = A =50 μm

Munawar Maria, Wentao Miao, Ruihang Cai, Pablo Castillo, Jingwu Zheng

Journal of Nematology , 1–14

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