, called minifreezing, resembles the frequently used behavioral measure known as the freezing response. However, this is only applicable for freely moving animals. This article will review experimental evidence confirming that minifreezing is a relevant index of association formation between the neutral CS and aversive UCS.
Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 2, 87–97
The initial part of the paper characterizes major research activities at the Department of Railway Engineering and Track Management (DRETM), Faculty of Civil Engineering, University of Žilina. Subsequently, it outlines the state of art in the field of track substructure dimensioning for the non-traffic load in Slovakia and abroad. The second part of the paper deals with the method of collecting input parameters for numerical modeling of the track substructure freezing using SoilVision software
Transport Problems , ISSUE 4, 89–100
min of the recording was used for the analysis. The behavioral parameters assessed were total time in the central region, i.e., central time; the time spent before leaving the central region, i.e., central latency time; the number of entries into the central region, i.e., central region entries; freezing time; total distance traveled; unsupported rearing behavior; and total (unsupported + supported) rearing behavior.
Additionally, we evaluated the self-grooming behaviors of the rats in the OFT
Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , 1–11
dissected to investigate the presence of nematode larvae. Thirty fish (42.9%) of the total were parasitized by nematode larvae which were morphologically identified as Anisakis spp. Type II (L3) according to light and scanning electron microscopy. The pathogenic potential of oral inoculation of fresh, frozen, and thermally treated larvae into Wistar rats was elucidated by histological examination of their thymus and spleen. Results obtained indicated that neither cooling nor freezing of the parasite
ABEER MAHMOUD BADR,
SOMAYA EL DEEB,
Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 4, 427–436
debatable results were obtained, such as labour hoarding together with remunerations' freezing around the 2009 crisis, accompanied by a natural drop in the capital contribution growth and an increase in the MFP contribution, which most probably indicated effective reorganizations in the economy. In the years 2012−2014, increasing labour and capital contributions did not fully translate into gross value added growth, which led to negative MFP growths, as these are calculated residually. This
Statistics in Transition New Series , ISSUE 1, 95–122
Concrete structures that are exposed to the effect of the environment have to be designed for durability as well. Normal concrete structures without any external protection system are sensitive to environmental effects, like freezing. There are different solutions that are applied when one would like to improve the durability of concrete structures. One possibility is to add air-entraining agent to the concrete mix, which produces air bubbles in the concrete mix. It was
Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment , ISSUE 2, 59–64