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Original Paper

Screening and Identification of Yeasts Antagonistic to Pathogenic Fungi Show a Narrow Optimal pH Range for Antagonistic Activity

-sensitive strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and three pathogenic fungi. We demonstrate that some strains with antagonistic activity against these pathogenic fungi can be found in antagonist culture tests. These yeasts were identified as members of Trichosporon asahii, Candida stellimalicola, Wickerhamomyces anomalus, Ustilago esculenta, Aureobasidium pullulans, and Pichia kluyveri. The results indicated that the antagonistic activity of these killer yeasts has a narrow optimal pH range. Furthermore, we

Pei-Hua Chen, Jui-Yu Chou

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 101–106

Original Paper

Characterization of Endolithic Culturable Microbial Communities in Carbonate Rocks from a Typical Karst Canyon in Guizhou (China)

The endolithic environment is a ubiquitous habitat for microorganisms and a critical interface between biology and geology. In this study, a culture-based method and the phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA and internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequences were used to investigate the diversity of endolithic bacteria and fungi in two main types of carbonate rocks (namely dolomite and limestone) from Nanjiang Canyon in Guizhou karst area, China. The results of bacterial diversity indicated that

Yuan Tang, Jian-Zhong Cheng, Bin Lian

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 4, 413–423

original-paper

The Composition of Fungal Communities in the Rumen of Gayals (Bos frontalis), Yaks (Bos grunniens), and Yunnan and Tibetan Yellow Cattle (Bos taurs)

Introduction Ruminant animals lack the carbohydrate-active enzyme encoding genes, so feed (carbohydrate) metabolism is completely dependent on the microorganisms residing in their rumen (Kameshwar and Qin 2018). Current research on rumen fungi has focused on anaerobic rumen fungi. Anaerobic rumen fungi play a very important role in the digestion and metabolism of carbohydrates in the rumen (Gruninger et al. 2018; Kameshwar and Qin 2018). Anaerobic rumen fungi can secrete large amounts of

HOUFU WANG, PENGFEI LI, XUCHUAN LIU, CHUNYONG ZHANG, QIONGFEN LU, DONGMEI XI, RENHUI YANG, SHULING WANG, WENSHUN BAI, ZHEN YANG, RONGKANG ZHOU, XIAO CHENG, JING LENG

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 4, 505–514

Research Article

THE HUMAN MICROBIOME

The human microbiome is represented by bacteria, archea, viruses, including bacteriophages, and fungi. These microorganisms colonize the human body and are necessary for the maintenance of homeostasis, including human immune status. Even though human microbiome is vital for the functioning of the human organism, it is still poorly understood, especially when it comes to archea, but also viruses and fungi. The aim of this study is to present the current state of knowlegde about the

Magdalena Malinowska, Beata Tokarz-Deptuła, Wiesław Deptuła

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 33–42

Research Article

Chemical Signals of Vector Beetle Facilitate the Prevalence of a Native Fungus and the Invasive Pinewood Nematode

In China, the invasive Bursaphelenchus xylophilus, the vector Monochamus alternatus beetle, and associated fungi exhibit a symbiotic relationship causing serious losses to pine forests. Although this complex system has been intensively investigated, the role of vector beetles on the development of associated fungi and their indirect contribution to the prevalence of pinewood nematode (PWN) is yet unknown. Here, three of the highly prevalent fungal species, viz., Sporothrix sp. 1, Ophiostoma ips

BIN ZHANG, WEI ZHANG, MIN LU, FAHEEM AHMAD, HAOKAI TIAN, JING NING, XIAOLONG LIU, LILIN ZHAO, JIANGHUA SUN

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 4, 341–347

Research Article

CHARACTERISTICS AND FUNCTIONS OF HYDROPHOBINSAND THEIR USE IN MANIFOLD INDUSTRIES

Hydrophobins are surface active proteins produced by filamentous fungi. They play a role in fungal growth and their life cycle. Proteins with similar properties have been also found in prokaryotic organisms. Hydrophobins are characterized by a specific arrangement of cysteine residues, which form four disulfide bridges in the amino acid sequence. This construction gives hydrophobins their hydrophobic properties, allowing for their spontaneous assembly into amphipathic monolayers at hydrophobic

Łukasz P. Tymiński, Zuzanna Znajewska, Grażyna B. Dąbrowska

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 4, 374–384

Research Article

SPECIES DIVERSITY OF BACTERIA ASSOCIATED WITH FUNGI OF THE GENUS TUBER (TRUFFLES)

Truffles (Tuber spp.) are ascomycete hypogeous fungi, which form ectomycorrhizae with roots of trees, shrubs and herbaceous plants. Their fruiting bodies are valued for their distinctive aroma. The aroma might be partially due to complex bacterial community which colonizes their fruiting bodies. Some bacterial species are also believed to promote the truffle’ fruitification due to the fixation of nitrogen inside the developing truffles. Although truffles, especially of the species Tuber

Marta Siebyła, Dorota Hilszczańska

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 28–32

research-article

Fungal communities associated with Heterodera glycines and their potential in biological control: a current update

practices such as genetic resistance, crop rotation and other chemical nematicides as well, for a well-rounded, integrated nematode management. Several microorganisms have been tested as potential antagonists against SCN, including both fungi and bacteria, with Pasteuria spp. being the most important bacterial agent. However, only a few bacterial and fungal biocontrol agents have been commercialized thus far, mostly in the genera Bacillus or Pasteuria for bacteria, and Paecilomyces and Pochonia for

Deepak Haarith, Kathryn E. Bushley, Senyu Chen

Journal of Nematology , 1–17

Article

Evaluation of Pochonia chlamydosporia and Purpureocillium lilacinum for Suppression of Meloidogyne enterolobii on Tomato and Banana

Meloidogyne enterolobii is one of the most important root-knot nematode in tropical regions, due to its ability to overcome resistance mechanisms of a number of host plants. The lack of new and safe active ingredients against this nematode has restricted control alternatives for growers. Egg-parasitic fungi have been considered as potential candidates for the development of bionematicides. In tissue culture plates, Pochonia chlamydosporia (var. catenulata and chlamydosporia) and

SILAS D. SILVA, REGINA M. D. G. CARNEIRO, MARCOS FARIA, DANIELA A. SOUZA, ROSE G. MONNERAT, ROGERIO B. LOPES

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 1, 77–85

Article

ENTOMOPATHOGENIC FUNGI AND THEIR BIOCENOTIC IMPORTANCE

Beata Zimowska, Ewa Dorota Król

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 4, 471–482

Research Article

UNDERGROUND COMMUNICATION – THE NEW ELEMENTS OF SIGNALLING PATHWAYS OF ARBUSCULAR MYCORRHIZAL SYMBIOSIS

Mycorrhiza is a symbiotic relationship between living cells of the roots of higher plants and non-pathogenic fungi which inhabit soil and belong to Glomeromycota (endomycorrhizae) and Basidiomycota, Ascomycota (ectomycorrhizae). Although the phenomenon of mycorrhiza was discovered by a Polish botanist F.D. Kamieński already in 1881, various stages of establishing the symbiotic relationship between the partners are still not fully understood and explained. According to the current knowledge, the

Katarzyna Jas, Urszula Małolepsza

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 275–281

original-paper

Dependence of Colonization of the Large Intestine by Candida on the Treatment of Crohn’s Disease

articles describing the study of anti-Candida antibodies and methods based on the fungi cultures (McKenzie et al. 1990; Standaert-Vitse et al. 2006; Standaert-Vitse et al. 2009). Hence, the primary objective of the present study was to determine if there are quantitative differences in Candida fungi (by quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR)) between pediatric patients with CD and healthy controls. Another aim of this study was to compare the quantitative differences in Candida fungi in the newly diagnosed

KINGA KOWALSKA-DUPLAGA, AGNIESZKA KRAWCZYK, AGNIESZKA SROKA-OLEKSIAK, DOMINIKA SALAMON, ANDRZEJ WĘDRYCHOWICZ, KRZYSZTOF FYDEREK, TOMASZ GOSIEWSKI

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 121–126

Article

CHITINASES AS THE KEY TO THE INTERACTION BETWEEN PLANTS AND MICROORGANISMS

rizoksyny, która jest silną fitotoksyną i czynnikiem wirulencji indukującym zarazę sadzonek ryżu [81]. Sugeruje się również złożoną trzypoziomową interakcję pomiędzy bakteriami zasiedlającymi gospodarza, którym jest grzyb mikoryzowy (AMF – Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi), który z kolei kolonizuje rośliny. Pojawiające się wyniki pokazują, że pewne korzyści ze strony endobakterii jakie wynikają dla gospodarza grzybowego związanego z rośliną mogą rozprzestrzeniać się na samą roślinę [14]. Ewentualna rola

Anna Kisiel, Katarzyna Jęckowska

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 317–327

Research Article

MICROFLORA AND PARASITOFAUNA OF ALIEN AND INVASIVE TURTLE SPECIES

Invasiveness of alien turtles results from their impact on the functioning of the local ecosystem. It is due to predation on or competing with resident species, but also transfer of new and unknown pathogenic bacteria, viruses, parasites, or fungi. Salmonella is the most often reported microorganism, both in free-living and captive turtles. Zoonotic aspect of Salmonella spp. carriage has led to the definition of RAS (Reptile Associated Salmonellosis) acquired from domestic pet reptiles

Olga Goławska, Magdalena Zając, Dariusz Wasyl, Marta Demkowska-Kutrzepa, Ewa Borzym, Paweł Różański, Artur Rzeżutka

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 163–170

Research Article

ANTIBIOTIC BIOSYNTHESIS AND SECONDARY METABOLISM IN HIGH-YIELDING STRAINS OF STREPTOMYCES, PENICILLIUM CHRYSOGENUM AND ACREMONIUM CHRYSOGENUM

Wiesław Kurzątkowski, Joanna Kuczerowska

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 4, 422–428

original-paper

Antifungal Activity and Physicochemical Properties of a Novel Antimicrobial Protein AMP-17 from Musca domestica

Introduction In recent years, the number of patients presenting with fungal infections has increased, and the emergence of pathogenic fungi has seriously affected human health and safety. Of the several common pathogenic fungi that occur clinically, Candida spp., dominated by Candida albicans, and non-Candida spp., dominated by Cryptococcus neoformans, are the most common (Wang et al. 2012; Jensen 2016; Lovero et al. 2016). Candidiasis is mainly an acute, subacute or chronic infection caused by

LONG-BING YANG, GUO GUO, XIN-YU ZHAO, PEI-PEI SU, PING FU, JIAN PENG, JIANG-FAN XIU, BO-YAN LI

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 383–390

Article

TAXONOMY OF DERMATOPHYTES – THE CLASSIFICATION SYSTEMS MAY CHANGE BUT THE IDENTIFICATION PROBLEMS REMAIN THE SAME

term “dermatophyte” is widely used, there is no common definition which is acceptable for microbiologists. Its use is rather intentional in character, employed to describe species of pathogenic fungi capable of degrading keratin [28, 37, 65]. Howard et al. [28] describe dermatophytes as a large group of closely related keratinophilic fungi of the genus Epidermophyton (Sabour. 1907), Microsporum (Fat 1843) and Trichophyton (Malmsten 1848), which cause infections of skin, hair, nails and other

Sebastian Gnat, Aneta Nowakiewicz, Przemysław Zięba

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 49–58

original-paper

Microbiota and Chemical Compounds in Fermented Pinelliae Rhizoma (Banxiaqu) from Different Areas in the Sichuan Province, China

dough is subsequently fermented at 30°C–35°C with a humidity of 70–80% for 3–5 days, then dried at 70°C–80°C until the dough becomes loose and porous (Chinese Pharmacopoeia Commission, 2015). As a result of this fermentation process, Pinelliae Rhizoma attains better clinical efficacy relative to mouth and throat numbness. A mixture of fungi and bacteria from the surrounding environment carries out complex biochemical reactions during the fermentation. Because the mixed solid fermentation is carried

BO SHU, JING YING, TAO WANG, MENGQIAN XIA, WENYU ZHAO, LING YOU

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 83–92

Article

The Effect of Endophytic Fungi on Nematode Populations in Summer-dormant and Summer-active Tall Fescue

JAMES K. ROGERS, NATHAN R. WALKER, CAROLYN A. YOUNG

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 2, 87–94

Article

MICROBIOME OF THE WOMEN’S GENITAL SYSTEM

1. Introduction The human body is a unique living environment for many microorganisms characterized by a large diversity of species and genera. Bacteria, fungi, archaea and viruses colonizing the human body are called a microbiota [27]. They are found both on the skin surface and in the entire digestive system, from the oral cavity to the anus, in the upper respiratory tract and the urogenital system. However, most of them inhabit our digestive tract, including their greatest abundance in the

Monika Pytka, Monika Kordowska-Wiater, Piotr Jarocki

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 227–236

Research Article

CANDIDA AURIS – EMERGING FUNGAL PATHOGEN

In recent years, the incoming information about the emergence of new superbacteria and superviruses has been causing growing anxiety. However, also fungi are with increasing frequency reported as the sources of intercontinental microbiological hazards. According to the latest reports, quickly spreading, multidrug-resistant and difficult to identify yeast Candida auris may soon become the center of attention for clinicians, laboratory diagnosticians and the groups of advisers on the hospital

Dominika Grondalska, Wioletta Kmieciak

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 282–288

Article

Redefinition of Genus Malenchus Andrassy, 1968 (Tylenchomorpha: Tylenchidae) with Additional Data on Ecology

as the closely related Ottolenchus were given based on a combination of morphology and recent molecular data, and their phylogeny were analyzed in a context of Tylenchidae. Furthermore, we test different fungi and moss as a food resource of Malenchus and their feeding behavior is also discussed.

XUE QING, WIM BERT

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 2, 189–206

Short Communication

Search of the Antimicrobial Potential of Benzimidazole Derivatives

A broad series of 4,5,6,7-tetrahalogenated benzimidazoles and 4-(1H-benzimidazol-2-yl)-benzene-1,3-diol derivatives was tested against selected bacteria and fungi. For this study three plant pathogens Colletotrichum sp., Fusarium sp., and Sclerotinia sp., as well as Staphylo­coccus sp., Enterococcus sp., Escherichia sp., Enterobacter sp., Klebsiella spp. , and Candida spp. as human pathogens were used. MIC values and/or area of growth reduction method were applied in order to compare the

Monika Janeczko, Zygmunt Kazimierczuk, Andrzej Orzeszko, Andrzej Niewiadomy, Ewa Król, Ryszard Szyszka, Maciej Masłyk

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 359–364

Research Article

BACTERIAL CHITINASES AND THEIR APPLICATION IN BIOTECHNOLOGY

Chitin, an insoluble linear β-1,4-linked polymer of N-acetylglucosamine, is the second most abundant polysaccharide in nature after cellulose. It is present in cell walls of several fungi, exoskeletons of insects and crustacean shells. Enzymatic hydrolysis of this polysaccharide is carried out in the presence of glycoside hydrolases-chitinases. They are produced by microorganisms, insects, plants, and animal, but it is the bacterial chitinases which play a fundamental role in degradation

Anna Kisiel, Ewa Kępczyńska

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 306–315

Original Paper

Trends of Bloodstream Infections in a University Greek Hospital during a Three-Year Period: Incidence of Multidrug-Resistant Bacteria and Seasonality in Gram-negative Predominance

. Antibiotic susceptibility testing was performed by the disk diffusion method and E-test. Resistance genes (mecA in staphylococci; vanA/vanB/vanC in enterococci; blaKPC/blaVIM/blaNDM in Klebsiella spp.) were detected by PCR. In total, 4607 (9.7%) blood cultures were positive from 47451 sets sent to Department of Microbiology, represent­ing 1732 BSIs. Gram-negative bacteria (52.3%) were the most commonly isolated, followed by Gram-positive (39.5%), fungi (6.6%) and anaerobes bacteria (1.8%). The

Fevronia Kolonitsiou, Matthaios Papadimitriou-Olivgeris, Anastasia Spiliopoulou, Vasiliki Stamouli, Vasileios Papakostas, Eleni Apostolopoulou, Christos Panagiotopoulos, Markos Marangos, Evangelos D. Anastassiou, Myrto Christofidou, Iris Spiliopoulou

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 171–180

Original Paper

Aspergillus penicillioides Speg. Implicated in Keratomycosis

Abstract The aim of the study was mycological examination of ulcerated corneal tissues from an ophthalmic patient. Tissue fragments were analyzed on potato-glucose agar (PDA) and maltose (MA) (Difco) media using standard laboratory techniques. Cultures were identified using classical and molecular methods. Macro- and microscopic colony morphology was characteristic of fungi from the genus Aspergillus (restricted growth series), most probably Aspergillus penicillioides Speg. Molecular analysis

EULALIA MACHOWICZ-MATEJKO, AGNIESZKA FURMAŃCZYK, EWA DOROTA ZALEWSKA

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 4, 407–416

Research Article

AMYLOIDS, COMMON PROTEINS AMONG MICROORGANISMS

Historically, the term amyloid was used strictly with reference to human neurodegenerative diseases. Nowadays, it is known that many proteins have the potential to conformational changes into β-sheet structures with tendency to form insoluble amyloid fibrils. Moreover, amyloid proteins are widespread among microorganisms. Bacteria and fungi produce functional amyloids which exhibit all characteristics of amyloid proteins, but in contrast to a numerous group of human toxic amyloids, they

Barbara Katarzyna Pawłowska, Beata Magdalena Sobieszczańska

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 77–87

Original Paper

Functional and Transcriptomic Characterization of a Dye-decolorizing Fungus from Taxus Rhizosphere

biotransformation. Transcriptome changes of M. verrucaria elicited by azo dye and phenolic were quantified by the high throughput transcriptome sequencing, and the activities of the selected oxidases and reductases were determined. The possible involvement of oxidases and reductases, especially laccase, aryl alcohol oxidase, and ferric reductase in the biotransformation of dye and phenolic compounds was revealed at both transcriptomic and phenotypic levels. Revealing the transcriptomic mechanisms of fungi in

DA CHENG HAO, SI MENG SONG, YAN CHENG, ZHI QIANG QIN, GUANG BO GE, BAI LIN AN, PEI GEN XIAO

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 4, 417–430

Article

Optimum Concentrations of Trichoderma longibrachiatum and Cadusafos for Controlling Meloidogyne javanica on Zucchini Plants

ZAHRA SOKHANDANI, MOHAMMAD REZA MOOSAVI, TAHEREH BASIRNIA

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 1, 54–63

original-paper

Biodiversity of Bacteria Associated with Eight Pleurotus ostreatus (Fr.) P. Kumm. Strains from Poland, Japan and the USA

Introduction Various types of relationship between two or more organisms are well known among plants and in the animal kingdom. However, little is known about the relationship and interactions between fungi and bacteria. There are three most common types of these relationships. Bacteria can live in the same environment as fungi where both organisms live close to each other but not in direct contact. This kind of relationship is common in various environments like forests, fermented food or

MARIUSZ ADAMSKI, STANISLAW J. PIETR

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 71–81

Mini Review

Biochar-Rhizosphere Interactions – a Review

, mainly bio, physical and chemical properties of soil. Its physical and chemical properties have an influence on bacteria, fungi and invertebrates, both in field and laboratory conditions. Such effects on rhizosphere organisms are positive or negative depending on biochar raw material origin, charring conditions, frequency of applications, applications method and doses, but long term effects are generally positive and are associated mainly with increased soil biota activity. However, a risk assessment

Sławomir Głuszek, Lidia Sas-Paszt, Beata Sumorok, Ryszard Kozera

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 151–161

Mini Review

Secondary Metabolites of Actinomycetes and their Antibacterial, Antifungal and Antiviral Properties

The growing resistance of microorganisms towards antibiotics has become a serious global problem. Therapeutics with novel chemical scaffolds and/or mechanisms of action are urgently needed to combat infections caused by multidrug resistant pathogens, including bacteria, fungi and viruses. Development of novel antimicrobial agents is still highly dependent on the discovery of new natural products. At present, most antimicrobial drugs used in medicine are of natural origin. Among the natural

KATARZYNA JAKUBIEC-KRZESNIAK, ALEKSANDRA RAJNISZ-MATEUSIAK, ADAM GUSPIEL, JOANNA ZIEMSKA, JOLANTA SOLECKA

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 259–272

Original Paper

Culturable Endophytes Diversity Isolated from Paeonia ostii and the Genetic Basis for Their Bioactivity

Abstract Paeonia ostii is known for its excellent medicinal values as Chinese traditional plant. To date, the diversity of culturable endophytes associated with P. ostii is in its initial phase of exploration. In this study, 56 endophytic bacteria and 51 endophytic fungi were isolated from P. ostii roots in China. Subsequent characterization of 56 bacterial strains by 16S rDNA gene sequence analysis revealed that nine families and 13 different genera were represented. All the fungal strains

RUI-XIAN YANG, SHAO-WEN ZHANG, DONG XUE, JUN-HAO XUAN, YUAN-BO ZHANG, BIAO-BIAO PENG

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 4, 441–454

Research Article

A Model for Evolutionary Ecology of Disease: The Case for Caenorhabditis Nematodes and Their Natural Parasites

AMANDA K. GIBSON, LEVI T. MORRAN

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 4, 357–372

Article

Morphological and Molecular Characterization of Two Aphelenchoides Endophytic in Poplar Leaves

aboveground leaves. The presence of these fungal-feeding nematodes can affect the balance of endophytic fungi, which are important determinants of plant health.

LYNN K. CARTA, SHIGUANG LI, ANDREA M. SKANTAR, GEORGE NEWCOMBE

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 1, 28–33

Original Paper

Distribution and Identification of Endophytic Streptomyces Species from Schima wallichii as Potential Biocontrol Agents against Fungal Plant Pathogens

present in most of the potent strains. Our results identified some potential endophytic Streptomyces species having antagonistic activity against multiple fungal phytopathogens that could be used as an effective biocontrol agent against pathogenic fungi.

Ajit Kumar Passari, Vineet Kumar Mishra, Vijai Kumar Gupta, Ratul Saikia, Bhim Pratap Singh

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 319–329

original-paper

Luffa cylindrica Immobilized with Aspergillus terreus QMS-1: an Efficient and Cost-Effective Strategy for the Removal of Congo Red using Stirred Tank Reactor

, industrial wastes carrying azo dyes must be pretreated prior to its disposal to the environment. The physical and chemical effluent-treatment strategies, for example, adsorption, synthetic precipitation, and flocculation, are inefficient because of the prerequisite of strong foundation, high cost, and generation of secondary-sludge (McMullan et al. 2001). Given the disadvantages of chemical treatments, microbial remediation procedures have gained strong consideration during recent decades. Fungi turned

QANDEEL LARAIB, MARYAM SHAFIQUE, NUSRAT JABEEN, SEHAR AFSHAN NAZ, HAFIZ RUB NAWAZ, BARKAT SOLANGI, ARIF ZUBAIR, MUHAMMAD SOHAIL

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 193–203

Article

THE PREVALENCE OF SYMPTOMATIC DERMATOPHYTOSES IN DOGS AND CATS AND THE PATHOMECHANISM OF DERMATOPHYTE INFECTIONS

1. Introduction Dermatomycoses are skin diseases caused by an infection of its surface layers and other keratinized structures such as hair and nails by fungi referred to as dermatophytes [106]. Based on their adaptation to life, these eukaryotic microorganisms may be divided into three groups: those that attack people, referred to as anthropophilic, those associated with animals – zoophilic and those that live in the soil – geophilic ones [35, 44]. Dermatophytes belong to eurybiotic organisms

Dominik Łagowski, Sebastian Gnat, Aneta Nowakiewicz, Marcelina Osińska, Przemysław Zięba

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 165–176

Article

Are Entomopathogenic Nematodes Effective Biological Control Agents Against the Carob Moth, Ectomyelois ceratoniae?

. Different concentrations (5, 10, 50, 100, and 160 IJ/cm2 of the arena) of S. feltiae and S. carpocapsae were applied in the field test. The mean mortality results from the last test were 10.89% and 26.65% for S. feltiae and S. carpocapsae, respectively. Finally, we found that these low virulence rates of the nematodes were attributed to inhibitory/repellency effects of saprophytic fungi within the infested pomegranates, a usual status of the infested fruits in autumn or winter

ZAHRA MEMARI, JAVAD KARIMI, SHOKOOFEH KAMALI, SEYED HOSSEIN GOLDANSAZ, MOJTABA HOSSEINI

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 4, 261–267

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