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research-article

A review of privacy-preserving human and human activity recognition

to hide all the information in big data with cryptography because it is resource constraint and overly complex. Instead, many approaches have chosen to remove the sensitive parts of the information, while at the same time preserving the necessary information for further analysis (Osia et al., 2020). Privacy protection is especially important in the field of dealing with human-related data. Machine learning has widely been applied to the recognition of human and human activity. Human recognition

Im Y. Jung

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 1–13

Article

Human rights and the borders of the human

Introduction Notions of human rights can be a powerful tool in working against the systemic imposition of suffering or harm wrought by patterns of direct and structural violence. They can provide a critical avenue for societies to confront the questions of how we care for each other, how we live together and the impact of entrenched patterns of direct and structural violence (Brown M 2002). But they can also enact forms of the human and the universal which reproduce dominant Eurocentric

M. Anne Brown

Borderlands , ISSUE 1, 88–114

Research Article

Human-Based Sensing Sensor Systems to Complement Human Perception

The approach of human-based sensing is based on the assumption that sensor systems for individual use have optimal performance if coherent with the human perception system. The benefits of complementing the human sensing with sensor systems that strengthen the information and make the human able to perform more adequate and optimized decisions based on the sensor information, will improve the human capability. The arguments for designing sensor systems that increase the human ability in order

Peter Wide

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 57–69

Research Article

ROLE OF MICROBIOTA IN MAINTAINING THE HOMEOSTASIS IN THE HUMAN BODY

The human body is believed to be occupied by around 4 × 1013 microorganism cells, which is 10 times the number of cells of the human body. Multidisciplinary studies conducted worldwide by microbiologists and physicians suggest that the microorganisms which colonize the human body can more actively influence the state of health than previously thought. The most important role in the regulation of the homeostasis is played by ontocenoses of the intestine. Imbalanced taxonomic composition

Katarzyna Góralska, Magdalena Dzikowiec

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 5–11

Research Article

NON-PANDEMIC HUMAN CORONAVIRUSES – CHARACTERISTICS AND DIAGNOSTICS

In this article, the characteristics of human coronaviruses (HCoV) are presented. Currently, six human coronaviruses are known: HCoV-229E, HCoV-OC43, HCoV-NL63, HCoV-HKU1, HCoV-SARS and HCoV-MERS. The first human coronaviruses were described in the sixties of the twentieth century, the last one, HCoV-MERS, in 2012 y. Coronaviruses can cause mild, asymptomatic infections as well as severe respiratory diseases, like pneumonia and bronchiolitis. The symptoms of HCoV infection are mainly: fever

Edyta Abramczuk, Katarzyna Pancer, Włodzimierz Gut, Bogumiła Litwińska

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 205–213

Article

Human Identification Based on Walking Detection with Acceleration Sensor and Networked Laser Range Sensors in Intelligent Space

This study aimed to identify a specific human with the accurate position measurements by integrating the networked laser range finders in the intelligent space and an wearable acceleration sensor with the human. A human identification method based on associating detections of walking behaviors from both sensors is proposed. Parameter optimization was also performed for improvement of identification. System configurations and implementations using RT component are also described. Some

Kazuyuki Morioka, Fumitaka Hashikawa, Tomoyasu Takigawa

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 2040–2054

Article

Transversal borderings: Territory and mobility for human rights activists in the Thai-Burma borderlands

Introduction Saw Kyi1 has been documenting human rights abuses against the Karen for almost two decades. He calls himself a ‘community worker’ and a ‘human rights defender’. While he is a Karen man from Burma2, he has spent most of that time in and around the Thai town of Mae Sot. When I first spoke to him in 2005, he led a fairly transient life. He sometimes lived in Mae Sot, sometimes in Mae La refugee camp, about an hour north of Mae Sot. He was often inside Karen State documenting human

Rachel Sharples

Borderlands , ISSUE 2, 37–63

Article

A reliable signal conditioning circuit to acquire human biopotentials

It is well known that every human being is a complex system made up of cells, tissues, organs and organ systems that function together to maintain its health. The coordinated physiological processes maintain most of the steady states in an organism, not at a fixed value, but within a narrow, relatively constant range, known as homeostasis [1]. Recently, a non-invasive measurement of human biopotentials has been proposed in order to provide information about the condition of the human system as

Aditi Bhattacharya, Dibyendu Basu, Bhaswati Goswami, Ratna Ghosh

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 1116–1132

Research Article

Human-Computer Interaction: Overview on State of the Art

The intention of this paper is to provide an overview on the subject of Human-Computer Interaction. The overview includes the basic definitions and terminology, a survey of existing technologies and recent advances in the field, common architectures used in the design of HCI systems which includes unimodal and multimodal configurations, and finally the applications of HCI. This paper also offers a comprehensive number of references for each concept, method, and application in the HCI.

Fakhreddine Karray, Milad Alemzadeh, Jamil Abou Saleh, Mo Nours Arab

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 137–159

Article

RESEARCH ON CAMERA-BASED HUMAN BODY TRACKING USING IMPROVED CAM-SHIFT ALGORITHM

Camera-based human body detection and tracking is an important research subject of computer vision, which has a widely used in the field of military and civil. In this paper, we focus on the technology of human body tracking based on improved camshaft algorithm. Firstly, we introduce some common image noise reduction algorithms. By combination the frame difference and background subtraction methods, an improved moving target detection algorithm is proposed, by which the whole region of target

Jiude Li

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 1104–1122

Article

THE IDENTIFICATION OF TRAINING NEEDS FOR  HUMAN CAPITAL QUALITY IMPROVEMENT IN POLAND – A STATISTICAL APPROACH

databases describing the quality of human capital in Poland should be analysed in order to identify those competencies that graduates of universities are missing. The arsenal of possible statistical tools applicable for that purpose covers a wide range of techniques, from the simplest methods of descriptive statistics to ad-vanced multivariate statistical analysis. The study will attempt to identify the missing soft competences based on existing statistical data, e.g. Polish human capital database.

Marta Dziechciarz–Duda, Józef Dziechciarz

Statistics in Transition New Series , ISSUE 4, 723–736

Article

The Application of Human-Computer Interaction Idea in Computer Aided Industrial Design

The interactive, experiential, real-time, efficient and comprehensive features of human-computer interactive technology in virtual display make it possible to virtualize products with panoramic, instantaneous and experiential features. The computer aided design based on human-computer interactive technology, through the design and present from shape, color and structure of products, enables designers to pre-design in advance to avoid the mode of production then design in before, which can be a

Zhang Liang, Zhao Jian, Zheng Li-nan, Li Nan

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 3, 120–124

Report

Human platelet antigen allelic diversity in Peninsular Malaysia

Human platelet antigens (HPAs) are polymorphic and immunogenic glycoproteins encoded by biallelic genes on human chromosome 17 (HPA-1 to -4 and HPA-6 to -11), chromosome 5 (HPA-5), and chromosome 6 (HPA-15) and expressed on the surface of platelets. In the present study, we typed seven HPA loci (HPA-1 to -6 and HPA-15) by polymerase chain reaction using sequence-specific primer and sequence-based typing in 166 blood samples representing three Orang Asli groups (Semang, Senoi, and Proto-Malays

Wan Ubaidillah Wan Syafawati, Zulkafli Zefarina, Zafarina Zafarina, Mohd Nazri Hassan, Mohd Nor Norazmi, Sundararajulu Panneerchelvam, Geoffrey Keith Chambers, Hisham Atan Edinur

Immunohematology , ISSUE 4, 143–160

Article

POSITIONING ACCURACY AND MULTI-TARGET SEPARATION WITH A HUMAN TRACKING SYSTEM USING NEAR FIELD IMAGING

We analyze the performance of a novel human tracking system, which uses the electric near field to sense human presence. The positioning accuracy with moving targets is measured using raw observations, observation centroids and Kalman filtered centroids. In addition to this, the multi-target discrimination performance is studied with two people and a Rao-Blackwellized Monte Carlo data association algorithm. A reel-based triangulation system is used as the reference positioning system. The mean

H. Rimminen, J. Lindström, R. Sepponen

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 156–175

Article

Dielectric Resonator Antenna as a RFID Tag for Human Identification System in Wrist Watch

human identification system in wrist watch. Dielectric resonator antenna (DRA) with patch is used as an active tag. The proposed antenna is operated on dual frequency bands. Simple microstrip line is used as a feeding mechanism. It is operated at 2.4 GHz and 5.8 GHz frequency band. It has circular polarization radiation patterns. Simulation results are presented on various parametric studies on the RFID tag.

G. D. Makwana, Deepak Ghodgaonkar

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 1153–1166

Article

Application Research of Virtual 3D Animation Technology in the Design of Human Computer Interface

As everyone knows, the time of virtual reality has come, how to control and correct use of VR has become a significant topic. "In the era of virtual reality better human-computer interaction", "virtual reality interactive context and traditional context where is the difference in space", "touch interactive virtual reality experience what? Through the man-machine interface design, the use of virtual 3D animation technology, implementation of new methods and new ways of

Zhou Xiaocheng

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 3, 103–108

Research paper

A HIGH RESOLUTION OF HUMAN BREATH GAS SENSOR AND THE ANALYSIS OF HYPERVENTILATION FOR RESCUE ROBOTICS IN DISASTER ZONES (IRIS2010)

This paper presents a new type of ultrasonic gas molecule concentration sensor for rescue robotics and the performance of developed sensor is investigated by applying as human breath gas measurement sensor. This devise can measure the change of the gas concentration with a sampling rate of 400 kHz. Ideal gas experiment results show that the proposed sensor could detect the difference between 5% CO2 and pure air over 50 dB S/N and could discriminate humidified air and pure air with 55 dB S/N

Hideki Toda, Genci Capi

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 292–303

Research Article

THE HUMAN MICROBIOME

The human microbiome is represented by bacteria, archea, viruses, including bacteriophages, and fungi. These microorganisms colonize the human body and are necessary for the maintenance of homeostasis, including human immune status. Even though human microbiome is vital for the functioning of the human organism, it is still poorly understood, especially when it comes to archea, but also viruses and fungi. The aim of this study is to present the current state of knowlegde about the

Magdalena Malinowska, Beata Tokarz-Deptuła, Wiesław Deptuła

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 33–42

research-article

Isolation and characterization of human amniotic fluid and SH-SY5Y/BE(2)-M17 cell derived exosomes

culture supernatants of several stem cell types, namely human neuronal stem cells (Drago et al., 2013). Despite the fact that secreted exosomes from a variety of cell types exhibit some shared contents, they also express distinctive molecules that identify their producer cells (Taylor et al., 2011). Therefore, characterizing stem cell derived exosomes with different sources will broaden the knowledge of their application in paracrine therapy, and will offer the opportunity to find promising

Nayer Seyfizadeh, Narges Seyfizadeh, Reza Rahbarghazi, Alireza Nourazarian, Sajed Borzouisileh, Abdolhakim Palideh, Farideh Elahimanesh, Hamed Hamishehkar, Leyla Salimi, Mohammad Nouri, Maryam Abtin

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 3, 262–270

Article

CATHELICIDINS IN HUMANS AND ANIMALS

1985, human α-defensins were described [84], and in 1987, magainins were found in frogs [116]. Currently, about 2 900 natural HDPs are known, which are characterized by a very diverse structure (7). An example of HDPs may be cathelicidins, containing from 12 to 80 amino acid residues and molecular weights ranging from 2 to 80 kDa. Moreover, due to the presence of arginine and lysine residues, HDPs have a positive charge, hence they are also referred to as cationic peptides [7, 18, 28, 36, 42, 56

Jakub Deptuła, Beata Tokarz-Deptuła, Magdalena Malinowska-Borysiak, Michał Stosik, Wiesław Deptuła

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 19–28

Research Article

AUDIOVISUAL SENSING OF HUMAN MOVEMENTS FOR HOME-CARE AND SECURITY IN A SMART ENVIRONMENT

This paper presents the necessity and possibility of smart sensing using a multitude of sensors such as audio and visual sensors for human movement detection for home-care and home security applications in a smart environment. We define an event and spatial relationship based approach to the problem. Use of multisensory information to even detection is proposed and its prototype implementation to detect events like falling, walking, standing, shouting etc. are presented. Use of audio sensor

Liyanage C De Silva

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 220–245

Article

AUTOMATIC HUMAN DAILY ACTIVITY SEGMENTATION APPLYING SMART SENSING TECHNOLOGY

Human daily activity segmentation utilizing smartphone sensing technology is quite new challenge. In this paper, the segmentation method combining statistical model and time series analysis is designed and implemented. According to designed partition procedure, real measured accelerometer datasets of human daily activities are tested. The segmentation performance of sliding window autocorrelation and minimized contrast algorithms is analysed and compared. Experiments demonstrate the

Yin Ling

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 1624–1640

Research Article

Outcome-based contracting for human services

This review examines the evidence of the effect of government-funded outcome-based contracts in public human services. Outcome-based contracts in public human services are defined as those where some proportion of payment is triggered by some measure of change in the lives of clients. There is a lack of evidence comparing outcome-based contracts for public human services with other means of funding. There is also little evidence comparing the effect of payment on the basis of one measure of

Emma Tomkinson

Evidence Base , ISSUE 1, 1–20

Article

EXTRACTING ELECTRIC POWER FROM HUMAN BODY FOR SUPPLYING NEURAL RECORDING SYSTEM

A powerful approach to the characterization of cellular electrical activity is electrical recording from cells or living tissues. The human central and / or peripheral nervous system has been a subject of study and fascination of the neuroscience and biomedical engineering communities for many decades. In this paper, we propose a new approach to feed implantable neural recording system, which based on extracting electrical power from human tissue warmth in order to supply a biomedical neural

G. Ben Hmida, A. L. Ekuakille, A. Kachouri, H. Ghariani, A. Trotta

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 229–245

research-article

PRELIMINARY STUDIES OF VERTICAL ACCELERATION OF A PASSENGER CAR PASSING THROUGH THE SPEED BUMP FOR VARIOUS DRIVING SPEEDS

harmonizing systems. The article focuses on the suspension of the vehicle. In passenger cars, it performs primarily the function of mitigating shocks, which arise in the results of passing over irregularities in the surface - in this case, on the thresholds of slowing down. The article focuses on the construction of a phenomenological car suspension model with an accompanying biomechanical model of the human being giving the opportunity to study the interaction between the vibrating surface which is the

Tomasz HANISZEWSKI, Agata MICHTA

Transport Problems , ISSUE 1, 23–34

Research paper

Labeling of Human Motion Based on CBGA and Probabilistic Model

In this paper, we present a novel method for the labeling of human motion which uses Constraint-Based Genetic Algorithm (CBGA) to optimize the probabilistic model of body features and construct the set of conditional independence relations among the body features by a fitness function. The approach also allows the user to add custom rules to produce valid candidate solutions to achieve more accurate results with constraint-based genetic operators. Specifically, we design the fitness function

Fuyuan Hu, Hau San Wong

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 583–609

Article

INVESTIGATION OF HUMAN TACTILE STOCHASTIC RESONANCE DEPENDING ON FREQUENCY EFFECT

Stochastic Resonance (SR) is a significant concern for design of robotic tactile sensors because of its considerable enhancement of sensitivity of human tactile sensation. In the last few decades, researchers have found that noise previously considered detrimental in fact provides the benefit of SR phenomena. However, there are no experimental results for dependence on vibrotactile frequency, which issued as basic data for robotic tactile sensors. In this paper, we investigated the influence of

Kadir Beceren, Masahiro Ohka, Tetsu Miyaoka, Hanafiah Yussof, Ahmad Khushairy Makhtar, Siti Nora Basir

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 2334–2349

Article

ROBOT-ASSISTED THERAPY: DESIGN, CONTROL AND OPTIMIZATION

To improve the human arm function of disable patients after stroke, we propose in this paper a new design of a robot-assisted therapy. The robotic device must be attached to a human arm and mimics the motion of the shoulder, elbow and wrist joints. The functional training of the stroked upper limb is covered in motion and force via a safe compliant motion. The controller parameters are optimized by the therapist based on the human morphology parameters via an intelligent Control Interface where

Haifa Mehdi, Olfa Boubaker

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 1044–1062

original-paper

New Insight into Genotypic and Phenotypic Relatedness of Staphylococcus aureus Strains from Human Infections or Animal Reservoirs

Introduction A common human and animal opportunistic pathogen Staphylococcus aureus occurs mostly in the skin and/or nose vestibule mucous membrane as consistent of natural microflora in healthy individuals. Colonization can lead to an invasive mode of infection under particular conditions of a host organism, mostly immunodeficiency, surgical interventions or longitudinal hospitalization of patients (Malachowa et al. 2011; O’Gara 2017). The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control

KLAUDIA LISOWSKA-ŁYSIAK, MAJA KOSECKA-STROJEK, JOANNA BIAŁECKA, ANDRZEJ KASPROWICZ, KATARZYNA GARBACZ, LIDIA PIECHOWICZ, VLADIMIR KMET, VINCENZO SAVINI, JACEK MIĘDZOBRODZKI

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 93–104

Research Article

Image Quality Testing: Selection of Images for Assessing Test Subject Input

Determining image quality is dependent to some degree on human interpretation.  Although entirely subjective methods of evaluating image quality may be adequate for consumer applications, they are not acceptable for security and safety applications where operator interpretation may lead to missing a threat or finding threats where they do not exist.  Therefore, methods must be developed to ensure that the imagery used in security and safety applications are of sufficient quality to

John Jendzurski, Nicholas G. Paulter, Francine Amon, Eddie Jacobs, Al Bovik, Todd Goodall

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–4

Article

DESIGN OF SMART ROBOT FOR WRIST REHABILITATION

Generally, the rehabilitation process needs a physical interactions between patients and therapists. Based on the principles governing such human-human interactions (HHI), the design of rehabilitation robots received several attempts in order to abstract the HHI in human-robot interaction (HRI). To achieve this goal, the rehabilitation robot should be smart and provides a useful and comprehensive platform to track the patient status. In this paper, a biofeedback-based high fidelity smart robot

Ismail Ben Aabdallah, Yassine Bouteraa, Chokri Rekik

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 1029–1053

Original Paper

Transferrin and Lactoferrin – Human Iron Sources for Enterococci

To overcome limitations in iron acquisition, enterococci have evolved a number of mechanisms to scavenge iron from the host iron-binding proteins – transferrin (TR) and lactoferrin (LF). The aim of this study was to demonstrate the mechanisms by which enterococci utilize human TR and LF bound iron. The study included two strains of Enterococcus faecalis grown in iron-deficient and iron-excess media respectively. The binding activity of both proteins was monitored using proteins labelled

Paweł Lisiecki

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 4, 419–425

Research Article

TWO-DEGREE ADJUSTABLE EXOSKELETON FOR ASSISTANCE OF THE HUMAN ARM USING A MECHANICAL SYSTEM OF FAST ASSEMBLY AND UPGRADABILITY

Stroke affects about 975,000 people annually. Currently different robotic systems are used, such as exoskeletons that support motor rehabilitation, where they sometimes increase the patient’s possible recovery rate. But these systems are expensive and often require adequate locations for therapy routines. This article offers the mechanical design of an exoskeleton concept for human upper limbs that allows the attachment to the arm and forearm, offering protection, torque, and movement, plus the

Julio Restrepo-Zapata, Carlos Gallego-Duque, David Marquez-Viloria, Juan Botero-Valencia

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 491–505

Research Article

Nanoparticle based Amperometric Biosensor for the Quantitative Determination of Cholesterol in Human Blood

Total cholesterol monitoring in human blood serum is one of the most important routine analysis performed in clinical laboratory. Epidemiological studies have shown a strong correlation between coronary heart disease and blood cholesterol level. There is need for a method that is sufficiently flexible to yield good results in clinical laboratory. Numbers of cholesterol biosensors have been developed over the past 30 years. Fibre-optic fluorescence, Fibre-optic luminescence, Potentiometric

Nasser Al Jarallah, Raid Al Baradie, Mohmmed Aljamal, Anandh Bose, Hamed Al Anazi, Abdulrahman Alatram, Mohammed Al Aboody, Ayman Algohary

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–4

Research Article

SPECIFIC ABSORPTION RATE ASSESSMENT ON HUMAN HEAD DUE TO RADIATIONS BY MOBILE PHONE ANTENNA

. Hand held device model having micro-strip antenna is used for human interaction. The software simulation performed by Computer simulation technique (CST) software based on Finite difference Time Domain Technique yields specific absorption rate and 3D-thermal distribution on spherical human head.

M. Anto Bennet, J. Surekha Poomathi, C. Kalpana, S. Sariga Priya

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 374–394

Research Article

A Spherical Haptic Interface with Unlimited Workspace

Over the last two decades, various haptic interfaces have been developed. However, their workspace has been mechanically restricted. This limited workspace reduces operationality, because operation should be suspended at the boundary. In this paper, to tackle this problem, a spherical haptic interface is developed, which utilizes a ball as an interface with the human. The ball is driven by three DC motors through omni wheels. Consequently, unlimited workspace is achieved for orientation

Yuichi Tsumaki, Takeshi Ohgi, Arata Niiyama

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 376–388

Research Article

A Wireless Wearable Human Jump Analysis System

In most sports, the vertical jump is one of the most basic actions. Jumping force and explosive power are two specific indicators to reflect the ability of the muscles in one vertical jump. This paper presents a light-weight and easy-to-use wireless system to analyze the process of human vertical jumping up through the use of a Micro Electro Mechanical System (MEMS) accelerometer and a MEMS gyroscope. The system allows the users to be able to measure the jump parameters, including jumping force

Penghai Wang, Haiyang Quan, Lidong Lan

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–5

Research Article

PANDEMIC HUMAN CORONAVIRUS – CHARACTERIZATION AND COMPARISON OF SELECTED PROPERTIES OF HCOV-SARS AND HCOV-MERS

; 2000 ill, > 700 deaths) although its intensity decreased. Both viruses are zoonotic and require at least two “host jumps” for the transmission of the infection to humans: for HCoV-SARS – from bat to palm civet and then to human; for HCoV-MERS – from bats to camels and subsequently to humans. Primary mode of transmission is droplet in close contact (< 1 m), but both viruses remain active in aerosol (up to 24 h), so infection can be also spread by air (ventilation). The

Katarzyna W. Pancer

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 22–32

Article

The Disease Assessment of Cucumber Downy Mildew Based on Image Processing

index of the disease. The average identification accuracy of downy mildew image reaches 98.3%, and average image processing takes 10.9 ms/picture. By compared with human eyes assessment and basic value, the result shows that the human eyes assessment method have strong subjectivity, dramatic changes and bigger error, while the image analysis method get the correlation coefficient for disease index and basic value of 0.9417, has obvious linear correlation.

Jingzhu Li, Peng Wang, Changxing Geng

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 4, 176–180

Article

EVALUATION OF FINGER DIRECTION RECOGNITION METHOD FOR BEHAVIOR CONTROL OF ROBOT

When a human gives an order to a robot, the robot must often use its vision to ascertain the human’s indication. In our previous paper, to develop a system where robots precisely receive and obey human orders in daily work spaces, we proposed an experimental system for finger direction recognition (FDR) in 3D space using stereo matching by mounting two cameras on the robot. In this paper, we evaluate this system for FDR in 3D space by performing a series of evaluation experiments using a

T. Ikai, M. Ohka, S. Kamiya, H. Yussof, S. C. Abdullah

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 2308–2333

Review

Functional organization of the human amygdala in appetitive learning

implicate only the centromedial part of the amygdala in appetitive learning, the others suggest contribution of both centromedial and basolateral subregions. Although from the evolutionary perspective appetitive learning is equally important as aversive learning, research on the role of the human amygdala and its subregions in appetitive learning is undertaken relatively rarely and the results are not conclusive. Therefore, the aim of this review is twofold: to summarize the current knowledge in this

Emilia Kolada, Krzysztof Bielski, Marcel Falkiewicz, Iwona Szatkowska

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 2, 118–127

Article

NEUTROSOPHIC CONCEPT LATTICE BASED APPROACH FOR COMPUTING HUMAN ACTIVITIES FROM CONTEXTS

Complex human activity recognition suffers from ambiguity of interpretation problem. A novel neutrosophic formal concept analysis method has been proposed to quantify non-determinism leading to ambiguity of interpretation and utilize it in activity recognition. The method works by penalizing performance of non-deterministic activities and rewarding the deterministic ones. Thus, non- deterministic activities are identified during testing due to significantly reduced performance and contexts can

Sangeeta Mittal, Krishna Gopal, S.L. Maskara

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 1525–1533

Article

SELECTION PROCESS AS A KEY HUMAN ASPECT IN AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL

context of the current development of European security and the perception of the human factor as a critical element of security and safety in air transport. In doing so, the authors use content analysis, as the results of empirical surveys present the results of discrete research surveys and evaluations based on explorative methods.

David LANGR, Jindřich PLOCH, Petr RUDOLF, Stanislav SZABO, Iveta VAJDOVÁ

Transport Problems , ISSUE 3, 75–84

Article

NEW SPECIES OF BACTERIA IN HUMAN INFECTIONS

of the similarity between bacteria, has caused changes in the systematics and reclassifications within previously known families and genera. These bacteria are commonly found in the natural environment: in water, soil, on plants, in the air. They have also been isolated from animals. The aim of the work was to draw attention to newly emerging bacterial species, which are increasingly often isolated in human infections. The work includes data from our own diagnostic practice and from the available

Alicja Sękowska, Eugenia Gospodarek-Komkowska

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 29–34

Short Communication

Genetic Characterization of Human Enteroviruses Associated with Hand, Foot and Mouth Diseases in Poland, 2013–2016

Magdalena Wieczorek, Agnieszka Ciąćka, Arleta Krzysztoszek, Agnieszka Figas, Leszek Szenborn

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 405–409

Research Article

A New Scheme for Determination of Respiration Rate in Human Being using MEMS Based Capacitive Pressure Sensor: Simulation Study

In this paper, a MEMS based capacitive nasal sensor system for measuring Respiration Rate (RR) of human being is developed. At first two identical diaphragm based MEMS capacitive nasal sensors are designed and virtually fabricated. A proposed schematic of the system consists of signal conditioning circuitry alongwith the sensors is described here. In order to measure the respiration rate the sensors are mounted below Right Nostril (RN) and Left Nostril (LN), in such a way that the nasal airflow

Madhurima Chattopadhyay, Deborshi Chakraborty

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–5

Article

Detection of Blink State Based on Fatigued Driving

rest well. Because of being in this state for a long time, the body will be fatigued, lose concentration, the driver will snoring, lose concentration, decrease the ability to judge dangerous situations, and cause traffic accidents. At present, there are relatively few applications of fatigue driving equipment in China’s in-vehicle systems. Fatigue detection mainly through facial features, eye and mouth features, human electrical signal characteristics and convolutional neural network

Lei Chao, Wang Changyuan, Li Guang, Shi Lu

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 4, 24–29

review-article

Spinal cord regeneration using dental stem cell-based therapies

). Importantly, the human central nervous system possesses limited regenerative capacity despite the presence of neural stem cells in the spinal cord (Mead et al., 2017; Beyer et al., 2019). Cells such as mouse embryonic stem cells and induced pluripotent stem cells have been shown to differentiate into oligodendrocytes, astrocytes and neurones when transplanted in SCI (Guillaume and Zhang, 2008; Khazaei et al., 2017). However, both cells possess ethical concerns that limit their application. In addition

Yifan Xu, Meikai Chen, Tan Zhang, Yuliang Ma, Xuerong Chen, Ping Zhou, Xiaofeng Zhao, Fei Pang, Wenqing Liang

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 4, 319–327

Article

Unity and Division: Caring for Humans and Non-humans in a Divided Land

respectfully recognise, praise, worship and surrender to Nai Lulik Waik, Nai Manas Waik, Nai Roman Waik (the Most Sacred Deity, the Deity of Greatest Heat and Deity of Greatest Light) as the original source and the one that illuminates all. This supreme being is transcendent, formless and invisible while at the same time iha raiklaran: immanent in both human and non-human beings in the world. In the oral histories of each kingdom of Koba Lima, Fatumea is referred to metaphorically as the origin place of

Balthasar Kehi, Lisa Palmer

Borderlands , ISSUE 2, 64–84

Original Paper

Isolation of Bacteriocin-producing Staphylococcus spp. Strains from Human Skin Wounds, Soft Tissue Infections and Bovine Mastitis

A collection of 206 Staphylococcus spp. isolates was investigated for their ability to produce compounds exhibiting antistaphylococcal activity. This group included Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococcus xylosus strains recovered from bovine mastitis (n = 158) and human skin wounds and soft tissues infections (n = 48). Production of substances with antimicrobial activity was observed in six strains. Five of them were recovered from bovine mastitis, and one was

MAGDALENA ZALEWSKA, JOHN J. CHUREY, RANDY W. WOROBO, SŁAWOMIR MILEWSKI, PIOTR SZWEDA

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, –

Article

POSSIBILITIES OF PREVENTION AND TREATMENT OF HUMAN CYTOMEGALOVIRUS INFECTIONS INCLUDING NEW DRUGS AND COMPOUNDS WITH POTENTIAL APPLICATION

1. Introduction – epidemiology of hCMV infections and prophylaxis schemes The human cytomegalovirus (hCMV) classified as human herpesvirus 5 (Human herpesvirus 5; HHV-5) belongs to the Herpesviridae family and is common in the human population. Based on the seroepidemio-logical tests, it was found that the infection can be observed in 60–100% of people, depending on the studied population. The rate of seroconversion depends on the geographical region and is particularly high in the developing

Anna Majewska, Beata Młynarczyk-Bonikowska, Magdalena Malejczyk, Sławomir Majewski, Grażyna Młynarczyk

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 291–299

Research Article

AN IN VITRO COST-EFFECTIVE TEST BENCH FOR ACTIVE CARDIAC IMPLANTS, REPRODUCING HUMAN
EXPOSURE TO ELECTRIC FIELDS 50 HZ

phenomena on a cardiac implant inside a human exposed to 50 Hz electric field,representing exposure up to 100 kV/m, which covers occupational exposure.

Cihan Gercek, Djilali Kourtiche, Mustapha Nadi, Isabelle Magne, Pierre Schmitt, Martine Souques, Patrice Roth

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 1–17

Research paper

Anti-inflammatory compound curcumin and mesenchymal stem cells in the treatment of spinal cord injury in rats

studied, two groups received curcumin on the surface of the spinal cord immediately after SCI and then once a week for 3 weeks together with an intraperitoneal daily curcumin injection for 28 days. The other two groups received saline. Seven days after SCI, human MSC were intrathecally implanted in one curcumin and one saline group. Both curcumin and curcumin combined with MSC treatment improved locomotor ability in comparison to the saline treated animals. The combined treatment group showed

Jiri Ruzicka, Lucia Machova Urdzikova, Anna Kloudova, Anubhav G. Amin, Jana Vallova, Sarka Kubinova, Meic H. Schmidt, Meena Jhanwar-Uniyal, Pavla Jendelova

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 4, 358–374

Original Paper

Improved Production of Recombinant Human β-NGF in Escherichia coli – a Bioreactor Scale Study

Human nerve growth factor β (β-NGF) is considered a major therapeutic agent for treatment of neurodegenerative diseases. We have previously reported the optimized conditions for β-NGF overproduction in Escherichia coli in a shake-flask culture. In this study the optimal %DO (dissolved oxygen) and post induction temperature values for improved production of β-NGF were found in the bioreactor scale using response surface methodology (RSM) as the most common statistical method. Also, for further

ZAHRA HAJIHASSAN, POURIA GHOLAMI TILKO, SEYEDEH MAHDIEH SADAT

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 355–363

Review

A Caucasian JK*A/JK*B woman with Jk(a+b–) red blood cells, anti-Jkb, and a novel JK*B allele c.1038delG

The Kidd blood group on the red blood cell (RBC) glycoprotein urea transporter-B has a growing number of weak and null alleles in its gene SLC14A1 that are emerging from more widespread genotyping of blood donors and patients. We investigated a 64-year-old Caucasian woman of Polish-Czech descent who developed anti-Jkb detected in solid-phase RBC adherence testing within 12 days after 7 units of RBCs were transfused. Her RBCs subsequently typed Jk(a+b–) by licensed reagents and human

Glenn Ramsey, Ricardo D. Sumugod, Paul F. Lindholm, Jules G. Zinni, Jessica A. Keller, Trina Horn, Margaret A. Keller

Immunohematology , ISSUE 3, 91–95

Article

THE USE OF ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS IN THE ESTIMATION OF THE PERCEPTION OF SOUND BY THE HUMAN AUDITORY SYSTEM

The human auditory system perceives sound in a much different manner than how sound is measured by modern audio sensing systems. The most commonly referenced aspects of auditory perception are loudness and pitch, which are related to the objective measures of audio signal frequency and sound pressure level. Here we describe an efficient and accurate method for the conversion of the sensed factors of frequency and sound pressure level to perceived loudness and pitch. This method is achieved

D. Riordan, P. Doody, J. Walsh

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 1806–1836

Research Article

A Robot Succeeds in 100% Mirror Image Cognition

to the use of “human hands and feet.” From this result, the mirror image can be judged to “exist closer to the self than a part of the self” and can in fact be considered a “self.” I thought that the result of these experiments indicated that mirror image cognition of the robot succeeded completely and that this would be the “first example toward explaining physically the mirror image cognition capability of humans.” This paper details logical and physical explanations for achieving the results

Junichi Takeno

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 891–911

Article

DESIGN OF A NON-CONTACT INFRARED THERMOMETER

In order to realize the human body temperature fast and non-contact measurement, an infrared thermometer is designed. The infrared human body temperature sensor is mainly used to convert the human body's infrared into voltage signal, an operational amplifier to amplify the signal, filter circuit to filter the signal, the analog signal into digital signal by the A/D conversion circuit, data processing by the MCU, LCD display and voice reporting body temperature and time, so the human body non

Guangli Long

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 1110–1129

Article

Research on Aorbco Model

The characteristics of human mind are summarized up after the structure, functions and the working procedure of the eight consciousnesses and the human knowledge structure in consciousness-only psychology have been introduced. The limit of artificial intelligence, processing the formalized partial information, is proposed based on the analysis of elements of human intelligence simulated with computers and the development tendency of programming languages. The digital world model and the

Luo Junmin, Lu Wenhua

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 2, 1–19

Research Article

SOCIALLY ACCEPTABLE SMART WHEELCHAIR NAVIGATION FROM HEAD ORIENTATION OBSERVATION

Razali Tomari, Yoshnori Kobayashi, Yoshinori Kuno

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 630–643

Research Article

COAGULASE-POSITIVE SPECIES OF THE GENUS STAPHYLOCOCCUS – TAXONOMY, PATHOGENICITY

Staphylococci constitute an important component of the human microbiome. Most of them are coagulase-negative species, whose importance in the pathogenesis of human infections has been widely recognized and is being documented on a regular basis. Until recently, the only well-known coagulase-positive staphylococcus species recognized as human pathogen was Staphylococcus aureus. Previously, the ability to produce coagulase was used as its basic diagnostic feature, because other coagulase-positive

Wioletta Kmieciak, Eligia Maria Szewczyk

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 233–244

Article

PASSIVE UHF RFID STRAIN SENSOR TAG FOR DETECTING LIMB MOVEMENT

A strain sensor tag with screen printed antenna for seamless integration with clothing is examined to provide a wireless method for monitoring of human body movements. The strain response of the tag is investigated in air and on human body. While the results indicate strong antenna-body interaction, the strain response of the tag is found to be a monotonic function of the strain.

S. Merilampi, T. Björninen, L. Sydänheimo, L. Ukkonen

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 315–328

Research Article

FARMED AND COMPANION ANIMALS AS RESERVOIRS OF ZOONOTIC ROTAVIRUS STRAINS

Rotavirus (RV) infections are a major epidemiological problem in humans and farm animals. So far, a number of human and animal RV strains have been identified. Based on the antigenic properties of the VP6 capsid protein, they have been classified into eight serogroups (A-H). The most important of them are viruses from group A (RVA), which are responsible for more than 90% of cases of rotaviral diarrhoea. The segmented structure of the virus genome and the presence of animals in human

Iwona Kozyra, Artur Rzeżutka

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 156–166

Article

Electrocardiogram for Biometrics by using Adaptive Multilayer Generalized Learning Vector Quantization (AMGLVQ): Integrating Feature Extraction and Classification

Electrocardiogram (ECG) signal for human identity recognition is a new area on biometrics research. The ECG is a vital signal of human body, unique, robustness to attack, universality and permanence, difference to others traditional biometrics technic. This study also proposes Adaptive Multilayer Generalized Learning Vector Quantization (AMGLVQ), that integrating feature extraction and classification method. The experiments shown that AMGLVQ can improve the accuracy of classification better

Elly Matul Imah, Wisnu Jatmiko, T. Basaruddin

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1891–1917

Research Article

FROM A COMMENSAL TO A PATHOGEN – TWO FACES OFSTAPHYLOCOCCUS EPIDERMIDIS

Staphylococcus epidermidis is a commensal organism and the most abundant constituent of the healthy human skin and mucous membrane microbiota. It is well adapted to colonize and evade human antimicrobial barriers. Staphylococcus epidermidis not only competes with potentially harmful pathogens, but also produces a plethora of proteins supporting host natural defenses. At the same time, Staphylococcus epidermidis is an opportunistic pathogen recognized as one of the leading causes of healthcare

Beata Podgórska, Danuta Kędzia

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 4, 338–348

Research Article

Pathogenic Potential of Fresh, Frozen, and Thermally Treated Anisakis spp. Type II (L3) (Nematoda: Anisakidae) after Oral Inoculation into Wistar Rats: A Histopathological Study

The third-stage (L3) larvae of Anisakis are the etiological agents of human anisakiasis caused by consumption of raw or undercooked seafood infected with anisakid nematodes. Infection with these worms is associated with abdominal pain, nausea, and diarrhea and can lead to massive infiltration of eosinophils and the formation of granulomas in the gastrointestinal tract if the larvae are not removed. Food allergy affects populations worldwide, and despite several reports on the presence of the

KAREEM MORSY, ABEER MAHMOUD BADR, FATHY ABDEL-GHAFFAR, SOMAYA EL DEEB, SAMAR EBEAD

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 4, 427–436

Article

A FRAMEWORK FOR “ENERGY-SAVING STRATEGIES”: UTILIZATION OF A CUE OFFERING INTERFACE

Yasutaka Kishi, Kyoko Ito, Shogo Nishida

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 1850–1869

research-article

Association between scripture memorization and brain atrophy using magnetic resonance imaging

INTRODUCTION The brain, without a doubt, is one of the largest and most complicated organs in the human body (Mohsen et al., 2018), especially in terms of its composition and structure. This complex structure experiences apparent alterations in its size, vascular system and cognition at various stages in the human lifespan (Peters, 2006). For instance, decline in human cognitive ability is reportedly more pronounced in the aged (Hamiz et al., 2014; Nichols 2017) than the younger population. It

Mukaila Alade Rahman, Benjamin Segun Aribisala, Irfan Ullah, Hammad Omer

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 1, 90–97

Research paper

BIOLOGICALLY-INSPIRED SIGNAL PROCESSOR USING LATERAL INHIBITION AND INTEGRATIVE FUNCTION MECHANISMS FOR HIGH INSTANTANEOUS DYNAMIC RANGE

This paper presents a biologically-inspired signal processor, which allows selective amplification of signals, and signal channeling mechanism to increase the contrast and sharpness of the perceived signals. The processor draws influence from lateral inhibition and integrative function mechanisms of the human nervous system. The uniqueness of the proposed design is that it combines two intelligent signal transmission mechanisms of the human nervous system with desirable capabilities: 1) wide

Kiran George, Chien-In Henry Chen

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 547–567

Article

The Power of Social Cognition

As human beings, we understand and make sense of the social world using social cognition. Social cognitions are cognitive processes through which we understand, process, and recall our interactions with others. Most agent-based models do not account for social cognition; rather, they either provide detailed models of task-related cognition or model many actors and focus on social processes. In general, the more cognitively realistic the models, the less they explain human social behavior and

Geoffrey P. Morgan, Kenneth Joseph, Kathleen M. Carley

Journal of Social Structure , ISSUE 1, –

Research Article

AMOEBAE OF THE GENUS ACANTHAMOEBA – PATHOLOGICAL AGENTS IN HUMANS

Free living, cosmopolitan amoebae of the genus Acanthamoeba present a serious risk to human health. As facultative human parasites, these amoebae may cause health and life-threatening diseases, such as Acanthamoeba keratitis (AK), granulomatous amoebic encephalitis (GAE) and cutaneous acanthamebiasis. AK is a severe, vision-threatening cornea infection with non-specific symptoms and course. GAE is a unique central nervous system disease, almost always leading to death. Cutaneous acanthamebiasis

Marcin Padzik, Edyta B. Hendiger, Lidia Chomicz, Jacek P. Szaflik

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 4, 429–439

Research Article

AMYLOIDS, COMMON PROTEINS AMONG MICROORGANISMS

Historically, the term amyloid was used strictly with reference to human neurodegenerative diseases. Nowadays, it is known that many proteins have the potential to conformational changes into β-sheet structures with tendency to form insoluble amyloid fibrils. Moreover, amyloid proteins are widespread among microorganisms. Bacteria and fungi produce functional amyloids which exhibit all characteristics of amyloid proteins, but in contrast to a numerous group of human toxic amyloids, they

Barbara Katarzyna Pawłowska, Beata Magdalena Sobieszczańska

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 77–87

Article

EXPERIMENTAL VERIFICATION OF PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGICAL PERFORMANCE OF A SELECTED FLIGHT PERSONNEL AND SW: PRESURVEY FOR TRANSPORT SAFETY

Miroslav KELEMEN, Matej ANTOŠKO, Stanislav SZABO, Luboš SOCHA, Jaroslav JEVČÁK, Ladislav CHOMA, Alica TOBISOVÁ

Transport Problems , ISSUE 3, 145–154

Article

IMPACT OF PILOTS’ TIREDNESS ON THE OUTCOME OF PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTING

Vladimi SOCHA, Lenka HANAKOVA, Michal FREIGANG, Jakub KRAUS, Slobodan STOJIC, Lubos SOCHA, Peter HANAK

Transport Problems , ISSUE 2, 55–67

research-article

Agricultural intensification and urbanization negatively impact soil nematode richness and abundance: a meta-analysis

Biodiversity plays pivotal roles in ecosystem functioning and provision of ecosystem services that are crucial to human well-being. These services include providing food and water; managing floods, pests, and diseases; and supporting photosynthesis, nutrient cycling, soil formation, and crop pollination that sustain all other services (Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MEA), 2003). Unfortunately, modern human civilization occurs at the expense of biodiversity. Land transformation is the

Satyendra K. Pothula, Parwinder S. Grewal, Robert M. Auge, Arnold M. Saxton, Ernest C. Bernard

Journal of Nematology , 1–17

Article

FACE DETECTION IN PROFILE VIEWS USING FAST DISCRETE CURVELET TRANSFORM (FDCT) AND SUPPORT VECTOR MACHINE (SVM)

Human face detection is an indispensable component in face processing applications, including automatic face recognition, security surveillance, facial expression recognition, and the like. This paper presents a profile face detection algorithm based on curvelet features, as curvelet transform offers good directional representation and can capture edge information in human face from different angles. First, a simple skin color segmentation scheme based on HSV (Hue – Saturation - Value) and

Bashir Muhammad, Syed Abd Rahman Abu-Bakar

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 108–123

Research paper

Nonlinear dynamics analysis of the human balance control subjected to physical and sensory perturbations

Mohammed N. Ashtiani, Mahmood-reza Azghani

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 2, 168–175

Book Review

THE FIELD GUIDE TO UNDERSTANDING HUMAN ERROR. 3RD ED. SIDNEY DEKKER.

Adrian Smith

Journal of the Australasian Society of Aerospace Medicine , 27–27

Research Article

TICK-BORNE PATHOGENS IN INDIVIDUALS WITH HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS TYPE 1 (HIV-1) INFECTION

Renata Welc-Falęciak, Małgorzata Bednarska, Magdalena Szatan, Agnieszka Pawełczyk

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 251–259

Research Article

GAMMAHERPESVIRAL INFECTIONS IN PATIENTS WITH IMMUNOLOGICAL DISORDERS

Human herpes virus type 4 (HHV-4), commonly known as Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), and human herpes virus type 8 (HHV-8) are members of Gammaherpesvirinae subfamily. They both develop latent infections in B lymphocytes. Infection with these viruses in immunocompetent patients is usually mild and self-limiting, but it can have more severe course in immunocompromised individuals. Failure of the immune system often leads to oncogenesis related to gammaherpetic infection. Thus, immunocompromised

Anna Żuk-Wasek, Natalia Żeber, Grażyna Młynarczyk, Maciej Przybylski, Tomasz Dzieciątkowski

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 2, 145–155

Original Paper

Molecular Characterization of Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia coli Strains Isolated in Poland

Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) strains also called verotoxin-producing E. coli (VTEC) represent one of the most important groups of food-borne pathogens that can cause several human diseases such as hemorrhagic colitis (HC) and hemolytic – uremic syndrome (HUS) worldwide. The ability of STEC strains to cause disease is associated with the presence of wide range of identified and putativevirulence factors including those encoding Shiga toxin. In this study, we examined the

Aleksandra Januszkiewicz, Waldemar Rastawicki

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 261–269

Research Article

HARDWARE IMPLEMENTATION OF UWB RADAR FOR DETECTION OF TRAPPED VICTIMS IN COMPLEX ENVIRONMENT

extract human vital signs in complex environments. First, we apply Curvelet transform to remove the source–receiver direct coupling wave and background clutters. Next, singular value decomposition is used to de-noise in the life signals. Finally, the results are presented based on FFT and Hilbert-Huang transform to separate and to extract human vital sign frequencies, as well as the micro-Doppler shift characteristics. The proposed processing approach is first tested by a set of synthetic data

M.Anto Bennet, J. Narmatha, B. Pavithra, P. Suvetha, A. Sandhyalakshmi

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 258–

Mini Review

Microbial Products and Biofertilizers in Improving Growth and Productivity of Apple – a Review

The excessive use of mineral fertilizers causes many negative consequences for the environment as well as potentially dangerous effects of chemical residues in plant tissues on the health of human and animal consumers. Bio-fertilizers are formulations of beneficial micro­organisms, which upon application can increase the availability of nutrients by their biological activity and help to improve soil health. Microbes involved in the formulation of bio-fertilizers not only mobilize N and P

Walid Fediala Abd El-Gleel Mosa, Lidia Sas-Paszt, Mateusz Frąc, Paweł Trzciński

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 243–251

Original Paper

Deletion of atoR from Streptococcus pyogenes Results in Hypervirulence in a Mouse Model of Sepsis and is LuxS Independent

Group A Streptococcus (GAS) is a Gram-positive human pathogen that causes a variety of diseases ranging from pharyngitis to life-threaten­ing streptococcal toxic shock syndrome. Recently, several global gene expression analyses have yielded extensive new information regarding the regulation of genes encoding known and putative virulence factors in GAS. A microarray analysis found that transcription of the GAS gene M5005_Spy_1343 was significantly increased in response to interaction with

Izabela Sitkiewicz, James M. Musser

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 17–24

Research Article

PROBIOTICS AND THEIR POTENTIAL ANTIOXIDATIVE ACTIVITY

Human population in the XXI century is struggling with the increasing incidence of such diseases as obesity, diabetes, cancers, food allergies and many others. Recent studies have shown that oxidative stress caused by reactive oxygen species and free radicals, may underlie the occurrence of many diseases. Probiotics are known for their beneficial effects on health and are established as dietary adjuncts. Researchers are trying to find potential probiotic strains which can exhibit antioxidant

Nina Trojan, Paweł Satora

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 18–27

research-article

Forest fire detection using wireless sensor networks

year, about 60,000 to 80,000 forest fires are occurring and crushing land in the range of 3 to 10 million hectares (Tikhe and Rail, 2018). The Global warming report 2008 states forest fire as one of the significant reasons behind increment in worldwide warming. In Uttarakhand, 4,000 hectares forest land was burnt and noted number one among the unstoppable fires record (Singh et al., 2017). This demonstrates these fires cause an extraordinary loss to social wealth as well as human life. Depending

Premsai Dasari, Gundam Krishna Jayanth Reddy, Abhishek Gudipalli

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 1–8

Article

Toxoplasmosis and Vision Impairment

This paper examines the current literature about toxoplasmosis, a parasitic disease affecting approximately one third of the world’s human population. The disease causes a range of disorders, among them ophthalmic disorders. Case studies are used to describe the effect of the disease on functional mobility, and the type of orientation and mobility training provided.  

Lyndel Bosman, B.Ec., Dip.Ed., M.Spec.Ed.

International Journal of Orientation & Mobility , ISSUE 1, 53–58

Article

Research on A Quantitative Assessment Model Based on Visual Perception in Low-Altitude Remote Sensing

In order to evaluate the recovery effect of the visible light band in the low-altitude remote sensing, the sensitivity and significance of the visual perception of the restored image are selected and optimized by the perceptual characteristics of the human visual system. Finally, the effective detail retention ability, Structure information, multi - scale similarity and visual fidelity. A kind of image - based image fog quantification evaluation model QAMVP is proposed based on visual

Jianqiang Lu, Weixing Wang, Kexin Chen, Bing Jiang

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 4, 166–170

Research Article

Overcoming Long Recovery Time of Metal-Oxide Gas Sensor With Certainty Factor Sensing Algorithm

Gas leaking in gas production industry is a serious issue which could cause explosion or pose a high risk to human life. The searching of leaking gas can be performed by robots. It is better than using human beings because searching of leaking gas is a high risk task. Most of the gas sensors used in industries is semiconductor metal-oxide (MOX) type due to its low cost, ease of use, high sensitivity and fast response time in gas sensing, and ability to detect large number of gases. However

Kok Seng Eu, Kian Meng Yap

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–6

research-article

Hypothermia in the course of acute traumatic spinal cord injury

differences (dogs, cats, non-human primates) often resulted in contradictory findings. This led to the standardization of experimental procedures and the use of laboratory rodents. Rats have become the most commonly used laboratory animals due to several similarities with humans in the pathophysiology and recovery processes experienced after traumatic SCI (Rosenzweig and McDonald, 2004). Despite the indisputable benefits of rat experiments, there are certain limits that have to be considered before

Jozef Kafka, Nadezda Lukacova, Igor Sulla, Marcela Maloveska, Zuzana Vikartovska, Dasa Cizkova

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 2, 172–178

original-paper

Characteristics of Listeria monocytogenes Strains Isolated from Milk and Humans and the Possibility of Milk-Borne Strains Transmission

Introduction Listeria monocytogenes is Gram-positive, facultatively anaerobic, non-spore forming bacteria. L. monocytogenes causes listeriosis and is one of the most dangerous food-borne zoonotic pathogens (Schlech and Acheson 2000). Listeriosis mainly occurs in immunocompromised people, neonates, pregnant women, the elderly, and AIDS patients (Lawley et al. 2008; Jamali et al. 2013; Doijad et al. 2015). The major source of human infection is food contaminated with the pathogen, including raw

KRZYSZTOF SKOWRON, EWA WAŁECKA-ZACHARKSA, KATARZYNA GRUDLEWSKA, NATALIA WIKTORCZYK, AGNIESZKA KACZMAREK, GRZEGORZ GRYŃ, JOANNA KWIECIŃSKA-PIRÓG, KLAUDIA JUSZCZUK, ZBIGNIEW PALUSZAK, KATARZYNA KOSEK-PASZKOWSKA, EUGENIA GOSPODAREK-KOMKOWSKA

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 353–369

Article

FROM GREAT GENETICS TO NEUROPSYCHOLOGY – OUTLINE OF THE RESEARCH ON THE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN MICROBIOTA AND HUMAN BEHAVIOUR

amerykańskiego DE zdecydował o rozpoczęciu finansowania badań nad sekwencjonowaniem i mapowaniem DNA człowieka [19]. W 1988 roku U.S. National Research Council of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences rekomendowała powołanie Human Genome Project (HGP), wnioskując o finansowanie wynoszące około 200 milionów dolarów rocznie. Projekt miał trwać 15 lat [19]. W 1990 roku Kongres utworzył budżet dla HGP i wyznaczył termin realizacji na rok 2005. W październiku 1989 roku, kilka tysięcy naukowców różnych

Dominik Czajeczny, Karolina Kabzińska, Rafał Wojciech Wójciak

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 3–10

Research Article

CURRENT CHALLENGES OF VETERINARY MICROBIOLOGICAL DIAGNOSTICS CONCERNING THE SUSCEPTIBILITY OF STAPHYLOCOCCI TO ANTIBIOTICS

Staphylococci are pathogenic bacteria often isolated from clinical material obtained from animals. Unlike in human medicine, in veterinary sciences various species of coagulase-positive staphylococci have been isolated from clinical specimens. In addition to Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus pseudintermedius, other species are also often identified. Recently, the taxonomy of staphylococci has been updated, therefore, it is now important to recognize also the new species. Currently

Magdalena Kizerwetter-Świda, Dorota Chrobak-Chmiel, Magdalena Rzewuska

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 270–277

Research Article

Monitoring of the lung fluid movement and estimation of lung area using Electrical Impedance Tomography: A Simulation Study

patients.  Therefore, a finite element method (FEM)model of a human thorax in 3 dimensional platform of FEM Multiphysics software is created and is tested with new ventilation indices regarding their ability to quantitatively describe structural changes in the lung due to the gravitationally dependent lung collapse. Additionally, analysis is made to find the electrode pairs capable of separating the lung and heart activity when a particular amount of constant current is injected through them are

Deborshi Chakraborty, Madhurima Chattopadhyay

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–5

review-article

Cannabinoids in the treatment of epilepsy – an updated review

have fewer side effects. Many families choose to try non-pharmaceutical or alternative therapy options. Cannabis-based treatment for epilepsy has recently received prominent attention in the lay press and in social media. The reports of dramatic improvements in seizure control in children with severe epilepsy have been published (Gupta, 2013). An abundance of preclinical evidence and anecdotal human data support the use of cannabinoids in the treatment of epilepsy. AIM The present review paper

Marcin Kopka

Journal of Epileptology , 35–42

Research Article

THREATS AND RISKS DURING TRANSPORTATION OF LNG ON EUROPEAN INLAND WATERWAYS

Summary. This paper describes guidelines and recommendations for emergencies and incidents on inland waterways. It also provides a review of existing knowledge of an LNG incident that occurred along the European inland waterway corridors. The article also reports on the latest progress in incident guidelines and describes the tools for port authorities to control credible scenarios produced by human or technical failures. This paper aims to analyse the risks that occur during transportation of

Andrea GALIERIKOVÁ, Tomáš KALINA, Jarmila SOSEDOVÁ

Transport Problems , ISSUE 1, 73–81

Article

Humidity sensor based on silver nanoparticles embedded in a polymeric coating

sensitivity to Relative Humidity (RH) variations, suitable for high performance applications such as human breathing monitoring.

Pedro J. Rivero, Aitor Urrutia, Javier Goicoechea, Francisco J. Arregui, Ignacio R. Matías

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 71–83

Article

Hemovigilance and the Notify Library

Advances in science and health care technology have led to the development of replacement medicine, with many human body components being collected for the preparation of medical products of human origin (MPHO). These collections encompass a wide range of medical products—from cells (e.g., human stem cells from peripheral blood, bone marrow, or cord blood; gametes) and tissues (e.g., corneas, musculoskeletal tissues) to blood and blood components and organs, from anatomical components to

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Arleta Krzysztoszek, Magdalena Wieczorek

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 301–315

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