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Imaging of juvenile spondyloarthritis. Part II: Ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging

Juvenile spondyloarthropathies are mainly manifested by symptoms of peripheral arthri­tis and enthesitis. Early involvement of sacroiliac joints and spine is exceptionally rare in children; this usually happens in adulthood. Conventional radiographs visualize late inflammatory lesions. Early diagnosis is possible with the use of ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging. The first part of the article presented classifications and radiographic presentation of juvenile

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Michał Znajdek, Piotr Gietka, Violeta Vasilevska-Nikodinovska, Lukas Patrovic, Vladka Salapura

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 70, 176–181


Imaging in dermatomyositis in adults and children

(3,4). In this paper, we review the available literature on the clinical presentation of adults and juveniles with dermatomyositis and describe imaging features of the disease in conventional radiography, ultrasound, magnetic resonance and computed tomography. Tab. 1. Rheumatic entities belonging to the group of connective tissue diseases, including dermatomyositis Diffuse connective tissue diseases 1 Rheumatoid arthritis 2 Juvenile idiopathic arthritis 3 Systemic lupus

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Thibaut Jacques, Piotr Gietka, Anne Cotten

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 80, 36–42


Enthesopathies and enthesitis. Part 2: Imaging studies

tests. It is believed that imaging examinations might improve diagnosis, particularly because numerous papers prove that differentiating enthesitis from other enthesopathic processes is possible. On the other hand, a number of authors report the lack of specifi c signs in imaging as well as typical histological and immunological features that would enable confi rmation of clinical diagnosis of enthesitis. The first part of the publication presented theories on the

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Brygida Kwiatkowska, Monika Prochorec-Sobieszek, Grzegorz Pracoń, Marta Walentowska-Janowicz, Włodzimierz Maśliński

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 61, 196–207


Diagnostic imaging of psoriatic arthritis. Part II: magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasonography

Plain radiography reveals specific, yet late changes of advanced psoriatic arthritis. Early inflammatory changes are seen both on magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasound within peripheral joints (arthritis, synovitis), tendons sheaths (tenosynovitis, tendovaginitis) and entheses (enthesitis, enthesopathy). In addition, magnetic resonance imaging enables the assessment of inflammatory features in the sacroiliac joints (sacroiliitis), and the spine (spondylitis). In this article, we review

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Grzegorz Pracoń

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 65, 163–174


Ultrasound imaging in the general practitioner's office – a literature review

AimThe aim of this paper is to review the Polish medical literature pertaining to the usage of ultrasound imaging in general practice as well as to present advantages, disadvantages and utility associated with conducting ultrasound examinations by general practitioners based on selected publications.Material and methodsThe analysis involved 15 articles found in Polish medical literature published in 1994–2013 in 9 medical journals. These publications were obtained using various data bases, such

Alicja Genc, Małgorzata Ryk, Magdalena Suwała, Tatiana Żurakowska, Wojciech Kosiak

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 64, 78–86


Imaging of juvenile spondyloarthritis. Part I: Classifications and radiographs

Juvenile spondyloarthropathies are manifested mainly by symptoms of peripheral arthritis and enthesitis. By contrast with adults, children rarely present with sacroiliitis and spon­dylitis. Imaging and laboratory tests allow early diagnosis and treatment. Conventional radiographs visualize late inflammatory lesions and post-inflammatory complications. Early diagnosis is possible with the use of ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imag­ing. The first part of the article presents

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Piotr Gietka, Michał Znajdek, Genowefa Matuszewska, Magdalena Bogucevska, Ljubinka Damjanovska-Krstikj, Slavcho Ivanoski

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 70, 167–175


Diagnostic imaging of gastrointestinal neuroendocrine neoplasms with a focus on ultrasound

Introduction Diagnostic imaging of gastrointestinal neuroendocrine neoplasms (NEN) is of fundamental importance for determining the location of the primary lesion, disease staging, selection of treatment and monitoring its effects. Currently, more than half of gastrointestinal NEN are detected incidentally, usually during surgery, diagnostic imaging studies or endoscopic procedures performed for other indications(1,2). Sometimes metastatic lesions in the liver are the first sign of the disease

Joanna Walczyk, Anna Sowa-Staszczak

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 78, 228–235


Indications for abdominal imaging: When and what to choose?

Introduction Ultrasound (US), computed-tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) all have important roles in evaluating abdominal pathology, with each technique having specific strengths and weaknesses. Table 1 provides a list of indications of imaging in abdominal pathology. Tab. 1. Indications for a given imaging modality as per the category of abdominal pathology Ultrasound CEUS CT MRI Abdominal emergencies (non-traumatic) First-line imaging technique Technique

Cosmin Caraiani, Dong Yi, Bianca Petresc, Christoph Dietrich

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 80, 43–54

Research Article

Inspection of Solid Dosage Forms using  THz Imaging Spectroscopy

The present work describes a laboratory terahertz (THz) imaging spectroscopy system and its possibilities to inspect solid dosage forms in the form of coated tablets and capsules. Moreover, the chemical composition and layer structure of coated pharmaceutical tablets are investigated. These chemical and physical properties of solid dosage forms can be used for the detection of counterfeit drugs. Preliminary results show that THz time domain spectroscopy and imaging is a promising technology for

T. Arnold, M. De Biasio, A. Fritz, R. Leitner

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–4


Imaging of juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Part II: Ultrasonography and MRI

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis is the most common autoimmune systemic disease of the connective tissue affecting individuals in the developmental age. Radiography, which was described in the first part of this publication, is the standard modality in the assessment of this condition. Ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging enable early detection of the disease which affects soft tissues, as well as bones. Ultrasound assessment involves: joint cavities, tendon sheaths and bursae for the

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Elżbieta Grochowska, Piotr Gietka, Mateusz Płaza, Grzegorz Pracoń, Fadhil Saied, Marta Walentowska-Janowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 66, 237–251


Evaluation of benign parotid gland tumors with superb microvascular imaging and shear wave elastography

Introduction The pre-surgical diagnosis of salivary gland tumors consists of challenges despite advances in imaging techniques. The surgical treatment of malignant lesions requires more radical approaches, thus some patients need to undergo a second surgery when the histology of the surgical specimen differs from the pre-surgical diagnosis(1). Ultrasound (US) is a commonly used diagnostic imaging technique for evaluating parotid glands non-invasively. US shows the precise location of tumoral

Hakan Cebeci, Mehmet Öztürk, Mehmet Sedat Durmaz, Abidin Kılınçer, Ömer Erdur, Bahar Çolpan

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 82, 185–190


The primary role of radiological imaging in the diagnosis of rare musculoskeletal diseases. Emphasis on ultrasound

early diagnosis of a disease may improve the prognosis and overall quality of life due to timely and appropriate therapies. Diagnostic imaging is usually performed and could be the most important diagnostic tool for several rare diseases. Medical imaging is crucial not only for the diagnosis, but also for therapy monitoring and even outcome prediction. Recent advances in several medical imaging techniques, such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT) and ultrasound (US

Federica Rossi, Carlo Martinoli, Giovanni Murialdo, Angelo Schenone, Marina Grandis, Diego Ferone, Alberto Stefano Tagliafico

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 78, 187–192


Diagnostic imaging of psoriatic arthritis. Part I: etiopathogenesis, classifications and radiographic features

Psoriatic arthritis is one of the spondyloarthritis. It is a disease of clinical heterogenicity, which may affect peripheral joints, as well as axial spine, with presence of inflammatory lesions in soft tissue, in a form of dactylitis and enthesopathy. Plain radiography remains the basic imaging modality for PsA diagnosis, although early inflammatory changes affecting soft tissue and bone marrow cannot be detected with its use, or the image is indistinctive. Typical radiographic features of PsA

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Genowefa Matuszewska, Brygida Kwiatkowska, Grzegorz Pracoń

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 64, 65–77


Multimodality imaging in a diagnostic and therapeutic process of a patient with infective endocarditis

persisting back pain, magnetic resonance imaging was ordered and demonstrated inflammatory changes suggestive of osteodiscitis at the L5/S1 level (Fig. 6). Due to the lack of clear guidelines regarding the manner and duration of treatment in similar cases(9,10), a clinical pharmacologist was asked for advice and a center specializing in the treatment of bone infections was consulted. Following their instructions, empirical antibiotic therapy was implemented; it consisted of: meropenem (6 weeks

Maria Binkiewicz-Orluk, Marcin Konopka, Katarzyna Sierakowska-Sitkiewicz, Wojciech Król, Leszek Królicki, Marek Kuch, Wojciech Braksator

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 80, 61–66


Imaging of juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Part I: Clinical classifications and radiographs

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis is the most common autoimmune systemic disease of the connective tissue affecting individuals at the developmental age. Radiography is the primary modality employed in the diagnostic imaging in order to identify changes typical of this disease entity and rule out other bone-related pathologies, such as neoplasms, posttraumatic changes, developmental defects and other forms of arthritis. The standard procedure involves the performance of comparative joint

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Genowefa Matuszewska, Piotr Gietka, Mateusz Płaza, Marta Walentowska-Janowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 66, 225–236

Case report

Ultrasound imaging as the basis of a clinical diagnosis of systemic bartonellosis in a patient after bone marrow transplantation. A case report

–40°C, lasting several weeks. Repeated microbiological tests failed to reveal the etiological agent, and empirical anti-infective treatment was ineffective. In the fourth week of fever, imaging showed multiple foci resembling abscesses in the patient's internal organs and, subsequently, in soft tissues. The characteristics of these changes and data concerning environmental exposure led to the clinical diagnosis of cat scratch disease (bartonellosis) with multi-organ involvement and enabled the

Aleksandra Krasowska-Kwiecień, Jolanta Goździk, Magdalena Woźniak, Wojciech Czogała

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 65, 204–209


Standards of ultrasound imaging of the adrenal glands

Adrenal glands are paired endocrine glands located over the upper renal poles. Adrenal pathologies have various clinical presentations. They can coexist with the hyperfunction of individual cortical zones or the medulla, insuffi ciency of the adrenal cortex or retained normal hormonal function. The most common adrenal masses are tumors incidentally detected in imaging examinations (ultrasound, tomography, magnetic resonance imaging), referred to as incidentalomas. They include a range of

Rafał Z. Słapa, Wiesław S. Jakubowski, Katarzyna Dobruch-Sobczak, Anna A. Kasperlik-Załuska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 63, 377–387


Classifications and imaging of juvenile spondyloarthritis

differentiate juvenile spondyloarthritis from other juvenile idiopathic arthritis subtypes. Sacroiliitis, and especially spondylitis, although infrequent in childhood, may manifest as low back pain. In clinical practice, radiographs of the sacroiliac joints or pelvis are performed in most of the cases even though magnetic resonance imaging offers more accurate diagnosis of sacroiliitis. Neither disease classification criteria nor imaging recommendations have taken this advantage into account in patients

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Iris Eshed, Lennart Jans, Nele Herregods, James Teh, Jelena Vojinovic

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 74, 224–233


Doppler imaging of orbital vessels in the assessment of the activity and severity of thyroid-associated orbitopathy

numerous ophthalmologic vascular diseases suggests that changes in thyroid-associated orbitopathy can correlate with the activity and severity of the disease. This paper presents the overview of the state-of-the-art concerning the usefulness of Doppler imaging in patient selection for the treatment of thyroid-associated orbitopathy. It has been shown that the velocity of blood fl ow in the superior ophthalmic vein, which is the most susceptible to changes in anatomical conditions in the enclosed

Dorota Walasik-Szemplińska, Magdalena Pauk-Domańska, Urszula Sanocka, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 63, 388–397


Ictal asystole with reduced cardiac sympathetic function in new-onset symptomatic epilepsy

long-lasting temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), however, cardiac sympathetic denervation has been shown by means of I-123 metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) imaging, a scintigraphic method using an analogue of norepinephrine, that is retained in sympathetic nerve endings. Among the investigated patients with TLE, the finding was significantly more pronounced in those experiencing asystoles with their seizures (Druschky et al., 2001; Kerling et al., 2009). AIM Case presentation and discussion of the

Julia Matzen, Friedhelm C. Schmitt, Michael C. Kreissl, Jürgen Voges, Hans-Jochen Heinze, Imke Galazky

Journal of Epileptology , 43–47

Case report

A twin pregnancy with a hydatidiform mole and a coexisting live fetus: prenatal diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up

Twin molar pregnancy with a hydatidiform mole and a coexisting live fetus is a rare form of gestational trophoblastic disease associated with an increased risk of obstetric complications and poor perinatal outcome. Prenatal diagnosis is essential for couple counseling and follow-up in Tertiary Reference Centers. Magnetic resonance imaging is important for the diagnostic differentiation of placental mesenchymal dysplasia and exclusion of myometrial invasion. Here we present a case of twin molar

Antonio Braga, Bruna Obeica, Heron Werner, Sue Yazaki Sun, Joffre Amim Júnior, Jorge Rezende Filho, Edward Araujo Júnior

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 71, 299–305


Juvenile spondyloarthritis and chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis overlap syndrome in a 16-year-old adolescent. A case report and literature review

due to pain recurrence, particularly in the left leg. Diagnostic imaging revealed further progression of the lesions, including multilevel vertebral body fractures and syndesmophytes in the lumbar spine on X-ray (Fig. 6). Fig. 6. Multilevel vertebral body fractures in the cervical spine Discussion Juvenile spondyloarthropathies and CRMO are rare childhood disorders and their identification is often very difficult. This paper presents an even rarer case of an overlap syndrome involving the

Michał Znajdek, Agnieszka Gazda, Piotr Gietka, Marta Wysmołek, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 77, 152–157

Research Article


Process tomography is a technique to realize flow imaging in a process vessel or pipeline by using the sensor system. This technique involves the use of tomographic imaging methods to manipulate data from sensors in order to collect sufficient information about the flow in the pipeline. The overall aim of this paper is to investigate the benefits of dual modality (optical and electrodynamic) tomography system for the measurement of tomographic images of solids flow. This research will

M. F. Rahmat, S. Ibrahim, M. M. Elmajri, N. F. Mohammed, M.D Isa

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 389–399


Comparison of sonographic hepatorenal ratio and the degree of hepatic steatosis in magnetic resonance imaging-proton density fat fraction

course of disease in patients with viral hepatitis(4,5). A quantitative tool for assessment and monitoring of hepatic steatosis is needed in clinical practice. Liver biopsy still remains the gold standard for the assessment of liver fat(6). However, its routine clinical use is limited due to its invasiveness with a small potential risk of life-threatening complications, sampling errors and inter-observer variability(7–9). Noninvasive imaging techniques, including MR spectroscopy (1H-MRS) and magnetic

Natthaporn Tanpowpong, Sineenart Panichyawat

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 82, 169–175


A smaller olfactory bulb in a mouse model of Down syndrome

, investigating the OB in the Ts65Dn mouse is relevant to clarify the mechanisms of olfactory impairment in DS. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a recognized, powerful and non-invasive tool to investigate the in vivo morphology and function of organs in both humans and experimental animals. Using the same technology, MRI findings in experimental animals can be easily translated to the patient. In this work we examined trisomic and euploid Ts65Dn mice by means of MRI to highlight possible DS-related changes

Pietro Bontempi, Barbara Cisterna, Manuela Malatesta, Elena Nicolato, Carla Mucignat-Caretta, Carlo Zancanaro

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 4, 375–380


High resolution ultrasound for imaging complications of muscle injury: Is there an additional role for elastography?

and the possibility of recurrent injury(1–3). High-resolution ultrasound imaging is extensively used in the workup of muscle injuries. With the advent of the latest generation high-resolution ultrasound scanners equipped with high-frequency probes and advanced B-mode and Doppler technology, muscle tissue can be imaged in exquisite detail allowing the depiction of subtle abnormalities. The sensitivity of high-resolution ultrasound can be comparable to that of MRI in the acute setting (between 2–48

Eleni E. Drakonaki, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Christos Sinopidis, Panagiotis Givissis

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 77, 137–144


Rheumatoid arthritis: what do MRI and ultrasound show

disease management, the emergence of new biologic therapies and better utilization of conventional disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs. Prompt diagnosis and appropriate therapy have been recognized as essential for improving clinical outcomes in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis. Despite the potential of ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging to visualize all tissues typically involved in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis, the diagnosis of early disease remains difficult due to

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Lennart Jans, James Teh

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 68, 5–16


Diagnostyka obrazowa jąder

Pathological lesions within the scrotum are relatively rare in imaging except for ultrasonography. The diseases presented in the paper are usually found in men at the age of 15–45, i.e. men of reproductive age, and therefore they are worth attention. Scrotal ultrasound in infertile individuals should be conducted on a routine basis owing to the fact that pathological scrotal lesions are frequently detected in this population. Malignant testicular cancers are the most

Michał Studniarek, Katarzyna Skrobisz-Balandowska, Elza Modzelewska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 62, 245–258

Review Article

Diabetic foot syndrome: Charcot arthropathy or osteomyelitis? Part I: Clinical picture and radiography

One of significant challenges faced by diabetologists, surgeons and orthopedists who care for patients with diabetic foot syndrome is early diagnosis and differentiation of bone structure abnormalities typical of these patients, i.e. osteitis and Charcot arthropathy. In addition to clinical examination, the patient’s medical history and laboratory tests, imaging plays a significant role. The evaluation usually begins with conventional radiographs. In the case of osteomyelitis, radiography shows

Aleksandra Konarzewska, Anna Korzon-Burakowska, Ludomira Rzepecka-Wejs, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Edyta Szurowska, Michał Studniarek

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 72, 42–49



H. Rimminen, J. Lindström, R. Sepponen

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 156–175

Research Article

Conjoined twins – role of imaging and recent advances

IntroductionConjoined twins are identical twins with fused bodies, joined in utero. They are rare complications of monochorionic twinning. The purpose of this study is to describe the various types of conjoined twins, the role of imaging and recent advances aiding in their management.Material and methodsThis was a twin institutional study involving 3 cases of conjoined twins diagnosed over a period of 6 years from 2010 to 2015. All the 3 cases were identified antenatally by ultrasound. Only one

Rishi Philip Mathew, Swati Francis, Ram Shenoy Basti, Hadihally B. Suresh, Annie Rajarathnam, Prema D. Cunha, Sujaya V. Rao

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 71, 259–266

Research Article


The application of sensors encompasses many sectors of industry. In this paper, we outline different sensors – Raman distributed temperature sensor, sensor based on nano ferrofluids and MEMS based ultrasonic sensors. The development and application of these sensors for monitoring performance of systems and processes are discussed. Further, we also discuss the application of acoustic emission and infrared thermal imaging for process monitoring.

T. Jayakumar, C.Babu Rao, John Philip, C.K. Mukhopadhyay, J. Jayapandian, C. Pandian

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 61–74



Diagnosis by imaging is one of the most important findings in biomedical imaging because it allows not only the diagnosing of a specific pathology but to perform online and offline surgical operations using imaging as it is noticed in interventional radiology. This paper illustrates the use Hough transform in identifying pathological structures included in CT (Computer Tomography) and HRCT (High Resolution Computer Tomography) images related to patients suffering from lung disease. These

A. Lay-Ekuakille, P. Vergallo, I. Jabłoński, S. Casciaro, F. Conversano

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 1156–1176

Case report

Two case reports of synchronous unilateral pleomorphic adenoma and cystadenolymphoma of the parotid gland with literature review

Abstract Background: Synchronous unilateral tumors in the parotid glands account for less than 5–10% of all salivary gland neoplasms. Mostly these are cystadenolymphomas, but tumors of different histological types can be found as well. In these cases it is often pleomorphic adenoma in combination with cystadenolymphoma. Ultrasound is the first choice imaging modality. Case report: We present two patients with two simultaneous tumors in a unilateral parotid gland. In each case, B-mode ultrasound

Daniela Heine, Johannes Zenk, Georgios Psychogios

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 75, 369–373


Association between scripture memorization and brain atrophy using magnetic resonance imaging

responsible for these results. The limitation of these studies is that they were based on administration of questionnaires and qualitative analysis of the data collected. Additionally, the data collected were very subjective. In this work, we aimed to investigate if there are any associations between scripture memorization and brain tissue, using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measurements. We hypothesized that those who memorized the scriptures have more brain tissue preserved compared to those who

Mukaila Alade Rahman, Benjamin Segun Aribisala, Irfan Ullah, Hammad Omer

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 1, 90–97

Original Paper

Echogenicity of benign adrenal focal lesions on imaging with new ultrasound techniques – report with pictorial presentation

Aim:The aim of the research was to assess the echogenicity of benign adrenal focal lesions using new ultrasound techniques.Material and method:34 benign adrenal masses in 29 patients were analyzed retrospectively. The examinations were conducted using Aplio XG (Toshiba, Japan) ultrasound scanner with a convex probe 1–6 MHz in the B-mode presentation with the combined use of new ultrasound techniques: harmonic imaging and spatial compound sonography. The size of the adrenal tumors, their

Rafał Z. Słapa, Anna A. Kasperlik-Załuska, Bartosz Migda, Maciej Otto, Katarzyna Dobruch-Sobczak, Wiesław S. Jakubowski

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 63, 368–376


Ultrasound imaging of the liver and bile ducts – expectations of a clinician

elastography. The assessment of fatty liver and bile duct dilatation using ultrasound reaches satisfactory levels of sensitivity and specifi city. The usage of contrast agents enables unambiguous differentiation between benign and malignant focal lesions, frequently allowing them to be identifi ed accurately without the assistance of other imaging modalities. Elastography has enabled reliable assessment of liver fi brosis. Its results are comparable to those of the standard method

Krzysztof Skoczylas, Andrzej Pawełas

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 62, 292–306



Face recognition aims at endowing computers with the ability to identify different human beings according to their face images. However, recognition rate will decrease sharply when it refers to the non-ideal imaging environments or the incorporation of users, such as illumination, pose, expression variations and so on. Besides, it will be also influence the recognition results when the database is too large or small. Sparse representation based classification for face images has been one of

Yongjiao Wang, Chuan Wang, Lei Liang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 107–124


Guidelines for ultrasound examination in ophthalmology. Part III: Color Doppler ultrasonography

Theoretical basics of color Doppler imaging and the Doppler effect Doppler ultrasonography is recommended for the assessment of blood flow in the retrobulbar and carotid arteries. This examination was introduced in the 1980s. It consists in the determination of the level of artery stenosis on the basis of flow acceleration. An estimated accuracy of this method in the carotid arteries is ca. 50–79% when compared to selective arteriography(1). In the retrobulbar arteries, which are vessels with

Monika Modrzejewska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 77, 128–136


Pitfalls in ultrasound imaging of the stomach and the intestines

The gastrointestinal tract is an extraordinary human organ in terms of its morphology and function. Its complex structure and enormous length as well as frequent presence of gas discourage many doctors performing ultrasound examination from its exploration. Moreover, there are anatomical structures in multiple locations which can mimic certain abnormalities. It is difficult to present an exhaustive account of the problem of gastrointestinal tract ultrasound imaging errors in a single work

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 74, 207–211

Research paper


, frequency modulated continuous wave (FMCW) is selected as being the most robust. The theoretical performance of a number of 94GHz FMCW millimetre wave radar systems is determined and these confirm the capability of these sensors in the mining environment. The paper describes implementations of FMCW radar sensors for simple ranging, two dimensional line scanning and three dimensional imaging that are based on a common ranging module and in the case of the 2D and 3D applications, a common swash-plate

Graham Brooker, Mark Bishop, Ross Hennessy

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 315–353



The most difficult and challenging problem in medical image analysis is image segmentation. Due to the limited imaging capability of magnetic resonance (MR), the sampled magnetic resonance images from clinic always suffer from noise, bias filed (also known as intensity non-uniformity), partial volume effects and motive artifacts. In additional, for the complex shape boundary and topology of brain tissues and structures, segmenting magnetic resonance image of brain tumor fast, accurately and

Liu Erlin, Wang Meng, Teng Jianfeng, Li Jianjian

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 1031–1049

Research paper


This paper reviews the recently developed techniques in biomagnetics and bioimaging such as transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and cancer therapy based on magnetic stimulation. A technique of localized and vectorial TMS has enabled us to obtain non-invasive functional mapping of the human brain. The development of new bioimaging technologies such as current distribution MRI and conductivity MRI potentially enables us to understand the dynamics of brain

Shoogo Ueno, Masaki Sekino

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 300–314

Case report

Spontaneous resolution of unifocal Langerhans cell histiocytosis of the skull: potential role of ultrasound in detection and imaging follow-up

Langerhans cell histiocytosis is a tumor-like condition characterized by idiopathic proliferation of Langerhans cells. The disease may involve the skeleton as well as other organs systems. Bone involvement may be solitary or multifocal. Unifocal osseous Langerhans cell histiocytosis may involve virtually any bone, with the calvarium being most frequently involved. Plain radiography, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging are the most used techniques for detection and

Filip M. Vanhoenacker, Joris Verlooy, Mania De Praeter

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 74, 265–270



light propagation through media or medium of interest thus making the solutions of forward and inverse problems to be relatively simpler to accomplish. The reports of the experimental result in this paper are mainly based on the previous works done by researchers in the area of optical tomography application where the main aspects are discussed. As a whole, the optical tomography can be applied to measure the velocity of beads in flow rig, measuring bubbles flow, flame imaging for combustion rate

M. T. M. Khairi, S. Ibrahim, M. A. M. Yunus, M. Faramarzi

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 767–798

Case report

Charcot arthropathy in ultrasound examination – a case report

with the aforementioned complaints are referred to radiologists for imaging examinations. An ultrasonographer should pay attention to changes typical of Charcot arthropathy, such as: inflammatory and destructive changes in joints of the foot, uneven contour of bones with thickening and periosteal hyperemia as well as soft tissue swelling.Przedstawiamy opis przypadku pacjenta chorującego od wielu lat na cukrzycę typu 1 powikłaną neuropatią i artropatią Charcota. Najczęstszą przyczyną osteoartropatii

Mateusz Płaza, Anna Nowakowska-Płaza, Marta Walentowska-Janowicz, Marek Chojnowski, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 65, 210–215

Research Article

Comparison of scintigraphy and ultrasound imaging in patients with primary, secondary and tertiary hyperparathyroidism – own experience

Background Background The imaging techniques most commonly used in the diagnosis of hyperparathyroidisms are ultrasound and scintigraphy. The diagnostic algorithms vary, depending mainly on the population, and experience of physicians. Aim Aim Aim of the present research was to determine the usefulness of parathyroid scintigraphy and ultrasonography in patients diagnosed for hyperparathyroidism in own material. Material and method Material and method In the present research, 96 operated

Małgorzata Kobylecka, Maria Teresa Płazińska, Witold Chudziński, Katarzyna Fronczewska-Wieniawska, Joanna Mączewska, Adam Bajera, Maria Karlińska, Leszek Królicki

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 68, 17–22


Enthesopathies and enthesitis. Part 1. Etiopathogenesis

The pathologies of tendon and ligament attachments are called enthesopathies. One of its types is enthesitis which is a characteristic sign of peripheral spondyloarthropathy.Clinical diagnosis of enthesitis is based on rather non-specifi c clinical signs and results of laboratory tests. Imaging examinations are highly promising. Numerous  publications prove that enthesitis can be differentiated from other enthesopathic processes in an ultrasound examination or magnetic resonance imaging

Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Brygida Kwiatkowska, Monika Prochorec-Sobieszek, Włodzimierz Maśliński

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 60, 72–84


Ultrasonographic imaging of the cervical thoracic duct

. Thrombosis of cervical veins can lead to lymph flow obstruction, resulting in plastic bronchitis, chylothorax and protein losing enteropathy. Imaging of the lymphatic system is very difficult due to the small diameter of lymphatic vessels. Both classical and MRI lymphangiography are a burden for the patient due to their invasive nature and the need for contrast agent. Ultrasonography represents an available, non-invasive method that allows to visualize the cervical portion of the thoracic duct (TD

Marek Kardos

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 78, 240–241


A developmental variant of the thyroid cartilage

structures in the lamina of the thyroid cartilage (arrows) (A) on the right side of the neck (two structures) and (B) on the left side of the neck (one structure – arrow) Due to persistent pain, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the neck was performed to assess these lesions and to exclude any lesions missed with US. On MRI, small well-defined structures with intermediate T1-weighted signal and high signal on the fat-suppressed sequence were seen on each side of the thyroid cartilage (Fig. 2). Fig

Sanaa Jamali, Etienne Danse

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 77, 171–172


Ultrasonography, MRI and classic radiography of skin and MSK involvement in juvenile scleroderma

). Imaging, although commonly used, is still not included in any diagnostic criteria and constitutes only an auxiliary tool. In this article, we aim to review the imaging techniques available for juvenile scleroderma including classic radiography (CR), ultrasonography (US), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Computed tomography (CT), which requires a high dose of radiation, is rarely used in children. We will focus on each type of scleroderma separately, and describe imaging findings that can be seen

Marta Idzior, Maria Sotniczuk, Emil Michalski, Piotr Gietka, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 83, 311–317


Ultrasonographic criteria of cesarean scar defect evaluation

Andrzej Woźniak, Krzysztof Pyra, Hugo Rio Tinto, Sławomir Woźniak

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 73, 162–165


Breast ultrasound scans – surgeons’ expectations

Recent years have witnessed a dynamic development of mammary gland imaging techniques,particularly ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging. A challengerelated to these studies is the increase in the precision of the anatomical assessment of breast, particularly for early detection of subclinical lesions, performance of ultrasound-guided biopsy procedures, and accurate preoperative location of pathological lesions so as to optimize the surgical treatment. Ultrasound imaging is a primary

Piotr Bednarski, Katarzyna Dobruch-Sobczak, Eryk Chrapowicki, Wiesław Jakubowski

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 61, 164–171

Review Article

Bacterial meningitis in neonates and infants – the sonographic picture

Bacterial meningitis is a major diagnostic and therapeutic problem among children and neonates, with severe, rapidly progressing course and potentially life-threatening complications. Early antibacterial treatment is essential for the patient’s favorable prognosis. Cerebral imaging plays an important role in the diagnostic process alongside physical examination and laboratory tests. Magnetic resonance imaging is the gold standard for diagnosing bacterial meningitis. Because of limited

Błażej Littwin, Andrzej Pomiećko, Monika Stępień-Roman, Zeno Spârchez, Wojciech Kosiak

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 72, 63–70

review -article

Optimization of diagnostic ultrasonography of the gallbladder based on own experience and literature

Introduction The introduction of harmonious and spatially complex imaging with a simultaneous reduction of image speckles have contributed to significant advances in gallbladder ultrasonography. Furthermore, optimization of this technique was achieved by constructing high-resolution broadband transducers with 3D and 4D options for organ imaging. This diagnostic arsenal was further enriched with endoscopic, laparoscopic and contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS), as well as elastography and

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk, Elżbieta Bernatowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 80, e29–e35


Recommendations for ultrasound examination in ophthalmology. Part I: Ultrabiomicroscopic examination

Abstract Range of ultrasounds used in medical imaging is between 2 and 80 MHz. The highest frequencies are applied in medical imaging of an anterior segment of an eyeball. This paper covers the newest method of ultrasound imaging – an ultrabiomicroscopic examination. Its name reflects resolution which has so far been unavailable, and which allows for imaging a structure of the examined tissues. The article includes basic information about the structure and principles of operation of

Jacek Kosmala, Iwona Grabska-Liberek, Rimvydas Stanislovas Ašoklis

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 75, 344–348


Usefulness of Doppler sonography in aesthetic medicine

Introduction Skin imaging is a relatively new, yet dynamically developing, field of ultrasonography. Advances in ultrasound are correlated with those in imaging technology. The development of aesthetic medicine and the need for safe and effective procedures, as well as the need to diagnose and treat potential complications are also important. The number of publications on the use of sonography in dermatology and aesthetic medicine has grown recently(1). Their authors pointed to the usefulness

Dominika Jaguś, Ewa Skrzypek, Bartosz Migda, Witold Woźniak, Robert Krzysztof Mlosek

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 83, 268–272

Original Paper

Selecting patients for embolization of varicoceles based on ultrasonography

Łukasz Światłowski, Krzysztof Pyra, Maryla Kuczyńska, Ewa Kuklik, Jan Sobstyl, Michał Sojka, Anna Drelich-Zbroja, Maciej Pech, Maciej Powerski, Tomasz Jargiełło

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 73, 90–95

Case report

Iodinated contrast-induced sialadenitis: a review of the literature and sonographic findings in a clinical case

Antonio Lucarelli, Simone Perandini, Alessandro Borsato, Endrit Strazimiri, Stefania Montemezzi

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 75, 359–364


Ovarian inguinal hernia

imaging helps assess vascular compromise, and guide proper and timely management. Conflict of interest Authors do not report any financial or personal connections with other persons or organizations, which might negatively affect the contents of this publication and/or claim authorship rights to this publication.

Saika Amreen, Yawar Yaseen

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 82, 226–227


Future role of ultrasound and MR imaging in prostate cancer

Nicolas Bloch, Ewa Kuligowska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 60, 102–104

Original Paper

Acoustic radiation force impulse imaging of kidneys – a phantom study

Szymon Cygan, Magdalena Januszewicz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 67, 329–338

Editorial Comment

Charcot foot in a diabetic patient – clinical and imaging considerations

Adam Greenspan

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 74, 271–272


Ultrasound image of healthy skin in newborns in the first 24 hours of life

skin is covered with vernix caseosa, which is removed during birth and through mechanical hygienic procedures performed in newborns. The first physical examination in neonates often reveals congenital skin pathologies (haemangiomas, skin moles, discolorations)(3). High-frequency ultrasound imaging (HF-US) is a non-invasive and safe technique allowing quick and repeatable assessment of observed pathologies(4). However, the majority of literature reports and scientific studies describing the

Paulina Przybysz, Teresa Jackowska, Maria Wilińska, Sylwia Malinowska, Joanna Wójtowicz, Robert Krzysztof Mlosek

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 83, 242–247

Case report

Ultrasound findings in extragenital endometriosis

We present a report on ultrasound findings in extragenital endometriosis and a literature review accompanied by illustrations. Intestinal endometriosis should be considered in female patients of reproductive age who present with constipation, gastrointestinal bleeding, nausea, vomiting, cramp-like abdominal pain, diarrhoea and pelvic pain. Although definitive preoperative diagnosis of endometriosis is difficult, clinical suspicion and appropriate imaging might prevent extensive surgical

Yi Dong, Barbara Braden, Christoph Klinger, Tomás Ripolles, Christoph F. Dietrich

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 74, 247–254


The utility of high-frequency ultrasonography in preoperative assessment of vulvar Paget’s disease – a case report

novel high resolution imaging technique known as HFUS. The possibility of real-time imaging and measurement, mobility and the lack of contraindications make it a helpful tool in skin diagnosis. In dermatological oncology, HFUS is used to assess the depth of invasion in melanomas and basal cell carcinomas (BCC)(13). Similarly to PDV, preoperative determination of surgical margins determines future management and patient’s prognosis(12). Polańska et al. reported that melanomas and BCC have a similar

Michał Migda, Marian Stanisław Migda, Bartosz Migda, Robert Krzysztof Mlosek, Marek Maleńczyk

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 79, 311–313

Research Article

Particle characterization system for industrial and naval applications

The Interferometric Particle Imaging (IPI) technique was modified and adapted to provide particle size and particle concentration measurements in harsh environments. The development was forced by the challenge of nuclei concentration measurement in cavitation tunnels and full scale measurements in the wake flow of a vessel. Because only bubbles act as cavitation nuclei, discrimination between bubbles and other solid particles in the multi-phase flow is necessary. The size measurement and

Eric Ebert, Willfried Kröger, Kay Domke, Nils Andreas Damaschke

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–5

Original Paper

Sonographic assessment of the prevalence and evolution of fluid collections as a complication of kidney transplantation

Maryla Kuczyńska, Ewa Piasek, Łukasz Światłowski, Ewa Kuklik, Jan Sobstyl, Anna Drelich-Zbroja, Tomasz Słomka, Krzysztof Pyra, Olga Furmaga, Małgorzata Szczerbo-Trojanowska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 73, 126–132

Case report

Diagnosis and treatment of posttraumatic arteriovenous fistula in the lower leg – a case report

Jan Sobstyl, Maryla Kuczyńska, Ewa Kuklik, Łukasz Światłowski, Maria Tsitskari, Tomasz Jargiełło

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 73, 166–169

Original Paper

Difficulties in differentiating the nature of ascites based on ultrasound imaging

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk, Elżbieta Bernatowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 69, 96–100


Diagnostic errors in musculoskeletal ultrasound imaging and how to avoid them

Małgorzata Serafin-Król, Artur Maliborski

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 70, 188–196


Role of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of rheumatic diseases in light of ACR/EULAR guidelines

In the past years, ultrasound imaging has become an integral element of the diagnostic process in rheumatic diseases. It enables the identification of a range of inflammatory changes in joint cavities, sheaths and bursae, and allows their activity to be assessed. In 2012, experts of the European Society of Musculoskeletal Radiology prepared recommendations concerning the role of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of musculoskeletal diseases. Ultrasound was considered the method of choice in

Mateusz Płaza, Anna Nowakowska-Płaza, Grzegorz Pracoń, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 64, 55–64

Research paper


This paper adopts ordinary CCD cameras and IR filters to constitute IR cameras for a marker-based quadri-ocular tracking system. However, the IR filters will affect the accuracy of the tracking system. Therefore, this paper analyses the refraction of IR filters and finds IR filters will bring about the biggish radial distortion on imaging process. And then, this paper directly uses Zhang’s technique to calibrate the parameters of IR cameras in infrared environment by adjusting the imaging

Haibin Wang, Qing He, Guan Guan, Bin Leng, Dewen Zeng

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 259–277


Cerebral hypoperfusion in autism spectrum disorder

Geir Bjørklund, Janet K. Kern, Mauricio A. Urbina, Khaled Saad, Amira A. El-Houfey, David A. Geier, Salvatore Chirumbolo, Mark R. Geier, Jyutika A. Mehta, Jan Aaseth

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 1, 21–29

Review Article

Current standards in abdominal cavity ultrasound examination in children

Technological progress forces us to present after several years the updated standards in ultrasound examination of newborns, infants and older children. It should be emphasized that the examination of the youngest patients requires one to use high-class equipment. Lack of cooperation on the part of the child and imaging small structures constitute a huge challenge for the examiner. The work presents equipment requirements, the technology of examining the abdominal cavity in children and the

Michał Brzewski

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 68, 41–42

Original Paper

Comparison of lung ultrasound and chest X-ray findings in children with bronchiolitis

Aim: Respiratory syncytial virus is the main pathogen responsible for bronchiolitis. Usually, there is no indication to perform diagnostic imaging or run laboratory tests in patients with bronchiolitis since the diagnosis is based on the clinical presentation. Chest radiogram can be useful in severe cases. So far, lung ultrasound has not been considered as an alternative in guidelines for imaging diagnosis of bronchiolitis. The aim of the study was to compare lung ultrasound and chest X-ray

Sławomir Jaszczołt, Tomasz Polewczyk, Marta Dołęga-Kozierowska, Mariusz Woźniak, Zbigniew Doniec

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 74, 193–197


Recommendations for ultrasound examination in ophthalmology. Part II: Orbital ultrasound

Abstract Pathological processes within the orbits are a heterogeneous group of diseases of various etiologies, clinical pictures and therapy models. Due to poor access to the orbits in a clinical examination, imaging plays a significant role in both diagnosis and treatment monitoring in patients with an orbital pathology. One of such imaging modalities is ultrasonography. It is relatively well-available, rapid and safe for the patient. This paper enumerates indications for an orbital ultrasound

Małgorzata Karolczak-Kulesza, Małgorzata Rudyk, Magdalena Niestrata-Ortiz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 75, 349–354

Case report

Radial sesamoid fracture of the second MCP joint – a case report

Grzegorz Pracoń, Marta Walentowska-Janowicz, Paweł Nowicki, Mateusz Płaza, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 60, 96–101


LF Indoor Location and Identification System

Antti Ropponen, Matti Linnavuo, Raimo Sepponen

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 94–117

Research Article

Image Quality Testing: Selection of Images for Assessing Test Subject Input

John Jendzurski, Nicholas G. Paulter, Francine Amon, Eddie Jacobs, Al Bovik, Todd Goodall

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–4


Ultrasonography of vulnerable atherosclerotic plaque in the carotid arteries: B-mode imaging

imaging is to identify the moment of potential transformation of a stable plaque into vulnerable plaque. The identification of a precise time of plaque destabilization defines the moment of proper treatment initiation, whether it be conservative treatment (anti-aggregation therapy, statins, cilostazol and other phosphodiesterase 3 inhibitors, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPAR) and their agonists, metalloproteinase inhibitors) or a surgical procedure (endarterectomy, endovascular

Andrzej Fedak, Katarzyna Ciuk, Andrzej Urbanik

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 81, e135–e145


Wrist ultrasound examination – scanning technique and ultrasound anatomy. Part 1: Dorsal wrist

Ultrasound imaging of the musculoskeletal system is superior to other imaging methods in many aspects, such as multidimensional character of imaging, possibility of dynamic evaluation and precise assessment of soft tissues. Moreover, it is a safe and relatively inexpensive method, broadly available and well-tolerated by patients. A correctly conducted ultrasound examination of the wrist delivers detailed information concerning the conditionof tendons, muscles, ligaments, nerves and vessels

Cyprian Olchowy, Mateusz Łasecki, Urszula Zaleska-Dorobisz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 61, 172–188

Review Article

Mistakes in ultrasound diagnosis of superficial lymph nodes

The article discusses basic mistakes that can occur during ultrasound imaging of superficial lymph nodes. Ultrasound is the first imaging method used in the diseases of superficial organs and tissues, including lymph nodes. The causes of mistakes can be either dependent or independent of the performing physician. The first group of mistakes includes inappropriate interpretation of images of anatomical structures, while the latter group includes, among other things, similar ultrasound images of

Ewa J. Białek, Wiesław Jakubowski

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 68, 59–65


B-mode and color Doppler imaging of carotid paragangliomas in different neck regions

paper was to present an ultrasonographic description of paragangliomas of the neck region, based on their anatomical location, imaging characteristics and space-occupying behavior. Since upon their occupancy they present in typical locations and with characteristic clinical behavior, the understanding of their symptomatology together with their imaging appearance can lead to accurate and prompt diagnosis. In most cases, their imaging evaluation utilizes multiple imaging modalities, both to evaluate

Antigone Delantoni, Apostolos Sarafopoulos, Aspasia Polanagnostaki, Kaan Orhan

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 82, 218–221


Ultrasound methods of imaging atherosclerotic plaque in carotid arteries: examinations using contrast agents

Doppler imaging has become the primary method of assessment of abnormalities in the precranial segments of carotid arteries. The development of ultrasound techniques has made it possible to precisely visualise not only blood flow, but also vessel walls, including atherosclerotic plaque, which is a direct manifestation of the presence of atherosclerosis. The accuracy rate for precranial artery pathology diagnosis on ultrasound exceeds 90% according to literature data(2–6). In addition, high specificity

Andrzej Fedak, Robert Chrzan, Ositadima Chukwu, Andrzej Urbanik

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 82, 191–200


High-frequency ultrasound in the 21st century

1979 was the first scientific report in this field(2). This paper became an impulse for other researchers to develop this method and construct scanners specialized in skin imaging. It should be noted, however, that the dynamic development of skin ultrasound took place at the turn of the 20th and 21st centuries, which was significantly influenced by the progress in the field of new computer technologies. This resulted in a dramatic increase in scientific publications on this subject. Ultrasonography

Robert Krzysztof Mlosek, Bartosz Migda, Michał Migda

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 83, 233–241

Original Paper

Comparison of high resolution ultrasonography with clinical findings in patients with ankle pain

Abstract Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of high resolution ultrasonography for the assessment of painful ankle joint as compared with the clinical findings. Material and Methods: A prospective study was conducted on 136 patients having history of ankle pain and referred to the Department of Radiodiagnosis and Imaging for ultrasonography. Statistical analysis: Comparison of ultrasonography findings and clinical findings was done using McNemar Test. Results

Kunwarpal Singh, Chuni Lal Thukral, Kamlesh Gupta, Avtar Singh

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 75, 316–324


Echocardiography in adults

Introduction Transthoracic echocardiography is the primary noninvasive modality for anatomical and functional cardiac assessment(1–9). Owing to its dynamic development, echocardiography boasts spatial resolution similar to that of magnetic resonance imaging, and, at the same time, it is superior over other imaging techniques in terms of three-dimensional imaging and functional assessment based on acoustic marker tracking. Echocardiography uses the piezoelectric properties of crystals, whose

Edyta Płońska-Gościniak, Barbara Lichodziejewska, Andrzej Szyszka, Tomasz Kukulski, Jarosław D. Kasprzak, Olga Dzikowska-Diduch, Andrzej Gackowski, Piotr Gościniak, Piotr Pysz, Zbigniew Gąsior

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 76, 54–61


Sonographic assessment of the anatomy and common pathologies of clinically important bursae

, debris, and irregular synovia (arrows). Hyperechoic edema of surrounding soft tissue can be noted. Inflammation of the superficial part of the patellar ligament is also visible (arrowhead). P-patella Recent advances in ultrasound imaging could further improve the detection of bursal pathology, and delineate very small fluid collections, undetectable with conventional ultrasound methods. Several techniques of ultrasound elastography, a qualitative or quantitative method that uses mechanical stress

Slavcho Ivanoski, Violeta Vasilevska Nikodinovska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 78, 212–221


Standards in neurosonology. Part I

The paper presents standards related to ultrasound imaging of the cerebral vasculature and structures. The aim of this paper is to standardize both the performance and description of ultrasound imaging of the extracranial and intracranial cerebral arteries as well as a study of a specifi c brain structure, i.e. substantia nigra   hyperechogenicity. The following aspects are included in the description of standards for each ultrasonographic method:equipment requirements, patient preparation

Joanna Wojczal, Tomasz Tomczyk, Piotr Luchowski, Grzegorz Kozera, Radosław Kaźmierski, Zbigniew Stelmasiak

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 62, 307–317

Research Article


A. Ropponen, M. Linnavuo, R. Sepponen

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 75–93



Arie Rachmad Syulistyo, Aprinaldi, Anom Bowolaksono, Budi Wiweko, Andrea Prati, Dwi M. J. Purnomo, Wisnu Jatmiko

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 1384–1409

Research Article


substitute or supplement traditional survey techniques, being more efficient, and contributing thus to the standardisation of tunnel inspections. For the purpose of investigating the applicability and accuracy of laser scanning in tunnels, a set of tunnel lining models was constructed for laboratory tests, with the objective of determining the quality of the imaging. Initial tests were carried out using a performant laser scanner and demonstrated the feasibility of the concept. As a result, refined


Transport Problems , ISSUE SE, 73–84

Research Article


Micromirrors fabricated by MEMS technology have demonstrated to be important sensing or actuating components in many industrial and biomedical applications such as laser scanning displays, optical switch matrices, and biomedical imaging systems. In this paper, various actuation mechanisms for micromirrors are described. A new geometric configuration of a stacked micromirror that is actuated by electrostatic force is proposed and analyzed to show its superior performance in terms of deflection

Sangtak Park, So-Ra Chung, John T.W. Yeow

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 480–497


intra-abdominal fat, reflection patterns, localization, ultrasound, diagnostic criteria

attention of research institutes owing to being a rich source of stem cells. This review, however, does not include these issues. The identifi cation of fat is relatively easy using computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. It can be more diffi cult in an ultrasound examination for several reasons. The aim of this paper is to present various problems associated with US imaging of unaltered intra-abdominal fat located beyond organs. Based on the literature and

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk, Elżbieta Bernatowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 62, 318–325


The diagnosis and management of shoulder pain

Diagnosis is crucial in decision-making when treating a patient with shoulder pain. Ultrasound is also very important in the diagnostic and therapeutic pathway, especially when surgery is being considered. This article outlines the diagnostic pathway using the patient’s history, physical examination and ultrasound examination. It is important to correlate the clinical assessment with the imaging signs. It is also important to treat the patient and not the images as there may be abnormalities

Gina M. Allen

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 74, 234–239



Shaojun Lu, Chunmin Zhang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 602–619


Influence of rhythmic light stimulation on orientation signal within visual cortex columns in the cat

specific characteristics of the population of neurons in functional columns of the visual cortex remains scarce. Optical imaging is a reliable method for visualizing and evaluating activity of cortical columns in real time (Grinvald et al., 1999; Bondar et al., 2011). Based on intrinsic signals, functional optical mapping allows for detection of an increase in deoxyhemoglobin level after appropriate sensory stimulation, due to an increase in oxygen consumption by the activated cortical tissue (Grinvald

Natalia Merkulyeva, Aleksandr Mikhalkin, Igor Bondar

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 3, 225–231


The role of ultrasound and nuclear medicine methods in the preoperative diagnostics of primary hyperparathyroidism

precise location of parathyroid tissue during the preoperative imaging. Scintigraphy and ultrasound play a major role in the diagnostic algorithms. The effi cacy of both methods has been repeatedly verifi ed and compared. The still-current guidelines of the European Association of Nuclear Medicine (2009) emphasize the complementary role of scintigraphy and ultrasonography in the preoperative diagnostics in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism. At the same time, attempts are made to improve both

Michał Nieciecki, Marek Cacko, Leszek Królicki

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 63, 398–409


The value of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of varicocele

, it is necessary to exclude renal tumor and extend diagnostic ultrasound with the assessment of the abdominal cavity. The diagnosis of varicocele is based on medical history and physical examination, which involves palpation and observation of the scrotum at rest and during the Valsalva maneuver. Ultrasound is the imaging method of choice. The width and the number of vessels in the pampiniform plexus as well as the evaluation and measurement of regurgitation during the Valsalva maneuver are

Tomasz Lorenc, Leszek Krupniewski, Piotr Palczewski, Marek Gołębiowski

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 67, 359–370

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