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original-paper | 24-February-2021

The Effects of Different Modes of Delivery on the Structure and Predicted Function of Intestinal Microbiota in Neonates and Early Infants

various factors, such as the modes of delivery, gestational age, feeding methods, and the use of antibiotics, especially in infants and young children (Madan et al. 2016; Chu et al. 2017; Uberos 2020). In recent years, owing to an increase in cesarean deliveries worldwide, several studies on the effects of delivery modes on the structure and predicted function of the intestinal microbiota in infants had been conducted. These studies have shown that an increased risk of metabolic disorders, such as

KAIYU PAN, CHENGYUE ZHANG, JUN TIAN

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 70 , ISSUE 1, 45–55

Review Article | 30-March-2018

Bacterial meningitis in neonates and infants – the sonographic picture

with bacterial meningitis and possible complications are diverse. Changes can be seen on the surface of the brain, in the extra-axial space, in the ventricular system and in brain tissue. In some cases they can also be visible in the lumbosacral segment of the spinal cord. This paper presents ultrasound characteristics of lesions associated with bacterial meningitis in neonates and infants, based on the authors’ own material and data from the available literature.

Błażej Littwin, Andrzej Pomiećko, Monika Stępień-Roman, Zeno Spârchez, Wojciech Kosiak

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 72, 63–70

original-paper | 30-November-2018

Critical appraisal of MAPSE and TAPSE usefulness in the postoperative assessment of ventricular contractile function after congenital heart defect surgery in infants

apical four-chamber projection(1,2). Both of these parameters demonstrate a well-documented correlation with the ventricular ejection fraction(3–5), and, owing to the simplicity of performance and reproducibility of the results, are widely used. The aim of the study The aim of the study was to: 1) to assess MAPSE and TAPSE after surgical correction of selected congenital heart defects in infants, conducted under cardiopulmonary bypass, in the immediate postoperative period (up to 4 weeks after

Wojciech Mądry, Maciej Aleksander Karolczak, Marcin Myszkowski

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 76, 9–16

research-article | 01-August-2019

Transitivity Types Predict Communicative Abilities in Infants at Risk of Autism*

variation in social and communicative outcomes in humans, we explored human infants at risk for developing autism. Studying this population allowed the investigation of non-autistic infants (those who did not receive a diagnosis), infants with communicative delays (those diagnosed with language delays), and infants with social and communicative atypicalities (those diagnosed with autism). The interactions analyzed occurred in home settings, in which infant and caregiver were told to interact and play

Rebekka Schleier, Jana M. Iverson, Andrew P. King, Meredith J. West

Journal of Social Structure, Volume 20 , ISSUE 3, 119–139

Research Article | 27-May-2018

SEARCHING FOR CAUSES OF NECROTISING ENTEROCOLITIS. AN APPLICATION OF PROPENSITY MATCHING

Necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) is a disease of the gastrointestinal tract afflicting preterm-born infants in the first few weeks of their lives. We estimate the effect of changing the feeding regimen of infants in their first 14 postnatal days by analysing the data from the UK National Neonatal Research Database. We avoid some problems with drawing causal inferences from observational data by reducing the analysis to the infants who spent the first 14 postnatal days (or longer) in neonatal

Nicholas T. Longford

Statistics in Transition New Series, Volume 19 , ISSUE 1, 87–117

Article | 14-December-2020

Determining the significance of anti-K1 in hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN)

Anti-K1 is capable of causing severe hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN), but few cases are seen due to the low frequency of the antigen. A total of 1,215 pregnancies from 1962 to 1989 were reviewed. There were 404 non-anti-D clinically significant antibodies, of which 103 (25%) were anti-K1. Anti-K1 was detected in nine of the women at delivery, of whom two had antigen-positive infants who were clinically unaffected. Antigen typing was done on 64 of the 85 fathers. Forty-seven were K: - 1

Patricia L. Strohm, Janice F. Blazina, Richard W. O'Shaughnessy, Melanie S. Kennedy, Jane M. Moore

Immunohematology, Volume 7 , ISSUE 2, 40–42

short-report | 05-September-2020

The Effects of Social Support on the Relationship between Infant Sleep and Postnatal Depression

Australia $5.1 billion a year (3). Infants (especially newborns) are among the most common populations to experience sleep disturbance. Sleep disturbance in infants and toddlers refers to increased activity and awakening during sleep, shorter average sleep duration and variable sleep schedules (1). Their sleep consolidation can be conceptualised in the context of a transactional model between infant sleep problems and intrinsic factors (development, temperament or medical conditions) and extrinsic

Y King, S Blunden

Eat, Sleep, Work, Volume 2 , ISSUE 1, 2–17

review-article | 18-June-2021

Ultrasound of the neonatal hip as a screening tool for DDH: how to screen and differences in screening programs between European countries

diagnosis and the population studied(1). In certain populations, a higher incidence of DDH was found due to cradling traditions: In the Navaho Indian tribes, in Japan, and in Turkey hips in newborns were tightly bound in extension and adduction, causing restricted motion of the hips and predisposing infants to DDH(2–4). At present, safe swaddling and carrying is advised, with hips in flexion and abduction(2,5). Girls are two to seven times more likely to be affected by the condition than boys; 75–80% of

Iris Kilsdonk, Melinda Witbreuk, Henk-Jan Van Der Woude

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 85, e147–e153

Article | 30-November-2018

PARECHOVIRUSES – UNDERESTIMATED RISK

1. Introduction In the United States, in 1956, viruses from the faeces of infants with diarrhoea were isolated, they proliferated in the monkey kidney cell cultures; however, did not concurrently infect monkeys or suckling mice. It was also noted that the viruses were neutralised by the human gamma globulin [94]. Based on these properties, they were classified as enteroviruses (EV), and more specifically as the ECHO (Enteric Cytopathogenic Human Orphan) viruses and were assigned consecutive

Arleta Krzysztoszek, Magdalena Wieczorek

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 58 , ISSUE 3, 301–315

Case report | 09-October-2019

Two cases of the variant RHD*DAU5 allele associated with maternal alloanti-D  

allele. Cord blood testing on both infants revealed positive direct antiglobulin test (DAT) results with anti-D eluted from the red blood cells (RBCs) of one of the infants. Despite the positive DAT, neither infant experienced anemia or hyperbilirubinemia. We document two cases of pregnant women whose RBCs expressed a partial D variant and were classified as D+ on the basis of standard serologic testing, resulting in subsequent failure to provide RhIG prophylaxis. Both cases were associated with

Jennifer A. Duncan, Susan Nahirniak, Rodrigo Onell, Gwen Clarke

Immunohematology, Volume 33 , ISSUE 2, 60–63

research article | 15-September-2020

One-year follow-up of The Incredible Years Parents and Babies Program: A pilot randomized controlled trial

Introduction The foundation of a healthy life begins in pregnancy and early adversity can have detrimental long-term consequences for affected children (1–4). This knowledge has led to increased investment in supporting early childhood development through interventions such as parenting programs (5). Infants remain dependent upon their parents for many years after birth and are at risk of developmental harm if they suffer neglect or maltreatment during this time because brain plasticity is at

Maiken Pontoppidan, Tróndur Møller Sandoy, Sihu K. Klest

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 8 , 123–134

research-article | 28-September-2020

Ovarian inguinal hernia

Introduction Inguinal masses are a common finding among infants; their etiologies range from benign to potentially life threatening(1). However, inguinal herniation of the ovary or uterus presenting as a labia majora mass is a rare congenital condition that may be complicated by strangulation, torsion, and infertility(2). We present a case of indirect inguinal hernia in a 6-week-old female infant with prolapse of an ovary. The case is reported in order to alert sonographers to its appearance

Saika Amreen, Yawar Yaseen

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 82, 226–227

Original Paper | 28-December-2016

Genotyping and Clinicoepidemiological Characterization of Rotavirus Acute Gastroenteritis in Egyptian Children

children ≤ 3 years-old with AGE. RVA G and P typing were performed with type-specific primers. RVA was detected in 48.9% of patients. Higher rates of RVA infections, 73.3% were detected in infants < 1 year-old. Breast-fed infants were significantly fewer in RVA positive group (P = 0.0006). Non-breast­feeding was a major risk factor for RVA AGE (OR 0.3, P = 0.02). RVA diarrhea occurred mostly in autumn and winter months (55.4% and 26.6%) with a significant difference in autumn (P = 0.0005) and

Niveen Saudy, Walaa Othman Elshabrawy, Ahmed Megahed, Mona F. Foad, Aly F. Mohamed

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 65 , ISSUE 4, 433–442

research-article | 15-March-2018

The short-term efficacy of combined hormone therapy in West syndrome

BACKGROUND West syndrome (WS) is one of the most common epileptic encephalopathies. While it affects predominantly infants with various cerebral disorders, it may also present itself in initially healthy children. The absence of adequate therapy which allows to arrest infantile spasms (IS) and hypsarrhythmia in most cases leads to an regression of psychomotor development and severe disabilities. Development of effective treatment protocols for WS is therefore an urgent matter of scientific and

Iosif V. Volkov, Oksana K. Volkova, Olga S. Tashkinova, Elena D. Belousova

Journal of Epileptology, Volume 26 , ISSUE 1-2, 55–61

research-article | 30-November-2018

The Role of Maternal Social Networks on the Outcomes of a Home-Based Childhood Obesity Prevention Pilot Intervention*

(c) the presence of relationships that are perceived as barriers to health behavior change. A secondary aim is to explore whether the composition of mothers’ social networks, based on the characteristics of network members (such as gender, social roles, frequency of contact), is associated with intervention outcomes. Methods Participants and Procedure Mothers and infants who were receiving home visiting services from our HVP partner in Antelope Valley, CA, were recruited and invited to

Kayla de la Haye, Brooke M. Bell, Sarah-Jeanne Salvy

Journal of Social Structure, Volume 20 , ISSUE 3, 7–28

Review | 21-March-2020

Technical issues in neonatal transfusions

. Hospitals must implement policies and procedures to ensure that the blood components are transfused safely when using these specialized techniques for infants. Nevertheless, some issues remain in many hospitals, such as the difficulty in safely warming blood components for neonatal transfusions and the difficulties in using approved labels for small containers that are sometimes prepared at the bedside.

Steven R. Sloan

Immunohematology, Volume 24 , ISSUE 1, 4–9

Article | 18-October-2020

Significant ABO hemolytic disease of the newborn in a group B infant with a group A2 mother

ABO hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN) occurs almost exclusively in infants of blood group A or B who are born to group O mothers because IgG anti-A or -B occurs more commonly in group O than in group A or B individuals. We report a case in which clinically significant ABO-HDN occurred in a group B neonate from anti-B of a group A2 mother. The IgG anti-B titer was much higher (256) than that found in a group A1 mother/infant control group (≤ 32). The maternal antibody screen was negative

Hye-Ran Jeon, Beverly E.W. Calhoun, Mohammad Pothiawala, Marguerite Herschel, Beverly W. Baron

Immunohematology, Volume 16 , ISSUE 3, 105–108

research-paper | 30-November-2020

Inhibition of ionotropic GluR signaling preserves oligodendrocyte lineage and myelination in an ex vivo rat model of white matter ischemic injury

INTRODUCTION Increasing evidence suggest that there are many factors potentially involved in the impaired brain development in preterm infants (Ogawa et al., 2020). Among these is the excitotoxic injury (Salter and Fern, 2005; Fern and Matute, 2019; Ogawa et al., 2020). All these disturbances could lead to impaired oligodendrocyte (OL) maturation, cell death, a loss of appropriate myelination, and eventually – development of the condition named “white matter injury (WMI)” and neurological

Mohamed A. Al-Griw, Michael G. Salter, Ian C. Wood

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 81 , ISSUE 3, 233–248

original-paper | 27-March-2019

Antibiotic Susceptibility of Cronobacter spp. Isolated from Clinical Samples

meningitis, necrotizing enterocolitis, and bloodstream infections in neonates and infants. The infections caused by these bacteria are often severe with fatal health consequences. The lethality rate of meningitis in infants was estimated to be 41.9% with death occurring within hours after the manifestation of symptoms (Willis et al. 1988; Friedemann 2009; Holy and Forsythe 2014). The surviving individuals usually develop irreversible sequelae including serious neurological complications such as

ONDŘEJ HOLÝ, ABDLRHMAN ALSONOSI, IGOR HOCHEL, MAGDALÉNA RÖDEROVÁ, SIMONA ZATLOUKALOVÁ, PATRIK MLYNÁRČIK, MILAN KOLÁŘ, JANA PETRŽELOVÁ, AIYDA ALAZRAQ, DITTMAR CHMELAŘ, STEPHEN FORSYTHE

Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 68 , ISSUE 1, 5–14

Article | 15-April-2020

Update on HDFN: new information on long-standing controversies

from anti-D was a significant cause of perinatal mortality or long-term disability. Routine administration of RhIG to D– women during pregnancy and shortly after the birth of D+ infants effectively reduced the incidence of HDFN caused by anti-D. Maternal alloimmunization to other RBC antigens in the Rh, Kell, and other blood group systems can not be routinely prevented and these antibodies can also cause HDFN. Advances in prenatal care, noninvasive monitoring, and intrauterine transfusion

Anne F. Eder

Immunohematology, Volume 22 , ISSUE 4, 188–195

Review Article | 31-March-2017

Current standards in abdominal cavity ultrasound examination in children

Technological progress forces us to present after several years the updated standards in ultrasound examination of newborns, infants and older children. It should be emphasized that the examination of the youngest patients requires one to use high-class equipment. Lack of cooperation on the part of the child and imaging small structures constitute a huge challenge for the examiner. The work presents equipment requirements, the technology of examining the abdominal cavity in children and the

Michał Brzewski

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 68, 41–42

Article | 26-October-2020

Naturally-occurring anti-Jka in infant twins

transfusions. Red blood cells (RBCs) from the patient and her sister typed as Jk(a-b+) by direct hemagglutination and this phenotype was confirmed by negative adsorption and elution studies. Both infants' plasma samples were strongly reactive with 20 examples of Jk(a+) RBCs and nonreactive with 20 examples of Jk(a-) RBCs by SPRCA assays. Anti-Jka was not detected in either twins' plasma by indirect antiglobulin tests by tube method in low-ionic-strength saline solution or polyethylene glycol, or

Dawn H. Rumsey, Sandra J. Nance, Mary Rubino, S. Gerald Sandler

Immunohematology, Volume 15 , ISSUE 4, 159–162

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