research-article | 28-September-2020
intracranial pressure), fast intraabdominal assessments (to detect perihepatic or perisplenic hemorrhage), inferior vena cava (IVC) maximum and minimum diameter measurements (to evaluate the volume status of patients), confirmation of endotracheal tube and nasogastric tube placement, and management of cardiopulmonary resuscitation(5–12).
Critically ill patients in PICUs frequently have critical and urgent problems. This patient group requires closer follow-up and needs quick assessments due to their
Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 82, 205–209
case-report | 30-September-2019
Anomalies of the inferior vena cava (IVC) are relatively rare. They should be detected before scheduled urological or vascular surgery or organ transplant operations because of the risk of complications. Additionally, IVC anomalies may be mistakenly diagnosed as enlarged aortic lymph nodes and unnecessarily biopsied(1–3).
The embryogenesis of the IVC involves three pairs of cardinal veins: posterior, inferior and superior(3,4). The complexity of embryogenesis determines the
Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 78, 236–239
Research Article | 29-December-2017
BackgroundUltrasound measurement of the inferior vena cava diameter and its respiratory variability are amongst the predictors of fluid volume status. The primary purpose of the present study was to compare the consistency of inferior vena cava diameter measurements and the collapsibility index, obtained with convex and cardiac transducers. A secondary aim was to assess the agreement of the patient’s allocation to one of the two groups: “fluid responder” or “fluid non-responder”, based on
Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 71, 241–245
Research Article | 29-June-2016
were conducted during the first days of the children's life. For every child inferior vena cava diameter was measured in the substernal area, longitudinal plane, M-mode in two respiratory phases: inhalation and exhalation. In addition, abdominal aorta diameter was determined (substernal area, transverse plane).ResultsThe study demonstrated a statistically significant difference in the calculated inferior vena cava collapsibility index between both groups. Two other indices included the ratio of the
Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 65, 125–134
Case report | 13-September-2016
of sparing the adrenal gland in suitable patients who undergo radical nephrectomy. Contralateral adrenal metastasis from RCC is a rare fi nding with the potential benefi t of cure after resection. Care must be taken in preoperative diagnostics, as this metastasis is capable of causing inferior vena cava tumor thrombus via the suprarenal venous route. According to our knowledge, our case is the second similar entity described in literature so far.
Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 63, 438–442
Case report | 13-September-2016
. Hepatic veins distention with pathological reverse fl ow during systole was reported. Additionally, inferior vena cava was dilated and remained unchanged through the respiratory cycle. Basing on the above image a heart disease, which had not been taken into differential diagnosis before, was suggested. The following echocardiography, together with computed tomography, enabled a diagnosis of constrictive pericarditis. Successful pericardiotomy was performed. Such a complicated diagnostics happened to
Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 61, 227–230
case-report | 30-November-2018
left atrium is clearly visualized. IVC – inferior vena cava
The right parasternal view place reveals the opening of a wide, intensely color-filled venous vessel in the region where the azygos vein (vena azagos, VA) drains into the superior vena cava (SVC), slightly above the junction with the right pulmonary artery. Similarly to the VA, the vein passed in the sagittal plane. Spectral Doppler examination showed the characteristic pattern of systemic venous flow (typical respiratory variation, S
Maciej A. Karolczak,
Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 76, 71–74
Review | 18-April-2017
renal vein and inferior vena cava in terms of a neoplastic plug presence.
Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 67, 371–377