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Case report

Diagnosis and treatment of posttraumatic arteriovenous fistula in the lower leg – a case report

External injuries are one of the common reasons for reporting to hospital emergency departments. Peripheral vascular injuries occur in up to about 25% of upper and lower extremity injury cases. Arteriovenous fistula is a type of arterial injury. Doppler ultrasound is currently the primary diagnostic method for vascular injuries as it allows for the implementation of appropriately targeted treatment, indicating the potential need for extended diagnosis or patient qualification for endovascular

Jan Sobstyl, Maryla Kuczyńska, Ewa Kuklik, Łukasz Światłowski, Maria Tsitskari, Tomasz Jargiełło

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 73, 166–169

Research Article

Injury Patterns among Individuals Diagnosed with Infantile Autism during Childhood: A Case-Control Study

To date, injury risk among people with infantile autism (IA) has been a relatively poorly researched issue.The purpose of our study was to compare the prevalence and types of injuries in a clinical sample of 118 patients diagnosed with IA during childhood with those of 336 age- and sex-matched controls from the general population.All participants were screened through the nationwide Danish National Hospital Register. The average amount of time that the participants were observed was 30.3 years

Svend Erik Mouridsen, Bente Rich, Torben Isager

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology , ISSUE 2, 88–95

review-article

Pharmacological and non-pharmacological approaches to life threatening conditions in epilepsy

underlying disease (damages of the central nervous system [CNS]), sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) and status epilepticus (SE). Other factors include seizure-resulting accidents (injuries, drowning, burns, choking, aspiration pneumonia after seizures), suicidal attempts of epileptic patients or the adverse impact of pharmacotherapy (Lathoo, Sander, 2005; Devinsky et al., 2016; Konopko, Rola, 2017). Lathoo and Sander (2005) have proposed a classification which includes the following categories

Barbara Błaszczyk, Aleksandra Walczak, Natalia Ścirka, Agnieszka Konarzewska, Barbara Miziak, Stanisław J. Czuczwar

Journal of Epileptology , 15–26

Original Paper

Value of ultrasonography in assessment of recent injury of anterior talofi bular ligament in children

Introduction: Sprained ankle is a very common injury in children. Proper treatment of ligament injuries enables full recovery. X-ray and US examinations are commonly available diagnostic methods. Material and methods: Two hundred and six children (113 girls and 93 boys, mean age 10.6) with recent ankle joint sprain (up to 7 days of injury) were subject to a retrospective analysis. All patients underwent an X-ray and US examination of the ankle joint within 7 days of

Joanna Szczepaniak, Beata Ciszkowska-Łysoń, Robert Śmigielski, Urszula Zdanowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 62, 259–266

Original Paper

Assessment of the utility of ultrasonography with high-frequency transducers in the diagnosis of posttraumatic neuropathies

neuropathies of the following peripheral nerves: median, ulnar, common peroneal, digital, cutaneous in the deltoid area, mental, PIN and RSNR. In 21 patients, nerve injuries were partial, and in 24 – complete. In 2 cases, the nerve was entrapped between bony fragments. 17 of 21 patients with partial nerve injuries (80.95%) underwent an EMG examination. No functional tests were conducted in the cases of complete injuries when ultrasound imaging had confi rmed the result of the clinical examination. All

Berta Kowalska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 60, 15–28

Research Article

CRASH SAFETY OF A TYPICAL BAY TABLE IN A RAILWAY VEHICLE

Increasingly, urban and high speed trains are incorporating tables (workstations) as common railway vehicle interior furniture because passengers prefer seating by bay tables. Among table design characteristics, the most challenging is meeting crashworthiness requirements. Past accident data and sled test results have shown that in the event of railway vehicle frontal impact, occupants located in the bay seating are exposed to chest and abdominal injuries upon contact with tables resulting from

Emmanuel MATSIKA, Qian PENG

Transport Problems , ISSUE SE, 97–110

Case report

Burns from foul play? No – previously unsuspected epilepsy

Introduction. Injuries such as burns may occur from unwitnessed and unsuspected new onset epilepsy with forensic implications. Case report. A young woman was found with >25% 2nd and 3rd degree body burns after an unwitnessed morning event in a shower. Discussion. The onset of tonic-clonic seizures and limb jerks in adolescence with a typical EEG recording of 3–4/second spike/polyspike-and-waves are diagnostic of Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy (JME). Worldwide there is a significant

Peter W. Kaplan

Journal of Epileptology , ISSUE 2, 105–107

Article

MATHEMATICAL MODELING OF THE MOTION PARAMETERS OF A DISABLED PERSON IN A BUS

With a view to determining the dynamics and possible trauma sustained by a disabled person in a wheelchair in the passenger compartment of a bus, a physical model has been developed. The system, as the time function, generalized in the coordinates X(t), φ(t), was described by second-order Lagrangian differential equations. The proposed mathematical model allows for determining the motion characteristics of disabled people in a wheelchair in a bus that can cause injuries. This paper presents

Jumber CHOGOVADZE, Phridon GOGIASHVILI, Gocha LEKVEISHVILI, David KBILASHVILI, Nodar MARDALEISHVILI

Transport Problems , ISSUE 1, 49–60

Research Article

Center of road traffic safety education for children and youths – modern educational center in road traffic safety

modern and effective approach to education today by setting up designed science centrums. The idea of implementing new technologies, innovative tools, laboratories, workshops in the long-lasting process of education to road safety hazards for main risk factors will improve road users behavior for reducing high number of road injuries and fatalities. It is important work from injury prevention point of view especially because the Poland government’ s interest in road safety. This center can be a model

Katarzyna SICIŃSKA, Maria DĄBROWSKA-LORANC

Transport Problems , ISSUE 1, 137–148

Research Article

INFLUENCE OF SOCIAL CAMPAIGNS PROMOTING USE OF SAFETY BELTS AND CHILD RESTRAINT SYSTEMS: RESULTS OF SURVEY ON ROAD USERS BEHAVIOUR REGARDING RESTRAINTS

article is a new approach of presenting the relation between educational character of social campaigns on road safety and their dropping effect on accidents and fatalities’ statistics. Recorded annual decline confirms a need of periodic survey on road users’ behaviour and ongoing education of road users through mass media – to use safety restraints for children and adults, as the simplest and most-effective passive safety device in a vehicle, minimalizing the injuries during accident.

Katarzyna SICINSKA, Maria DABROWSKA-LORANC

Transport Problems , ISSUE 4, 77–90

Article

SAFERWHEELS PROJECT: STUDY ON SCENE OF ACCIDENT WITH POWERED TWO-WHEELER AND BICYCLE

in accident scenarios with bicycles and PTW, with a special focus on causation by Driving Reliability and Error Analysis Method and injuries coded by the Abbreviated Injury Scale, conducted for these road users across Europe for the first time. Medical data, police records, and jurisdiction files about crashes of PTW and cyclist were collected and analyzed in EU to define the most common accident scenarios and other threats to this group of unprotected road users. The articles present

Katarzyna SICIŃSKA, Agnieszka KRUPIŃSKA

Transport Problems , ISSUE 4, 77–88

Research Article

MET AND UNMET NEED FOR CONTRACEPTION: SMALL AREA ESTIMATION FOR RAJASTHAN STATE OF INDIA

of unwanted births ends in childbirths, and which are related to deaths and injuries for both mother and child. Due to lack of availability of reliable data at the small level (area-wise) specifically in developing countries like India. In this article the small area estimation technique is used for the estimation of met and unmet need for contraception for 187 towns of Rajasthan state of India and for empirical analysis. Data is taken from the District Level Household Survey (DLHS): 2002-04 and

Piyush Kant Rai, Sarla Pareek, Hemlata Joshi

Statistics in Transition New Series , ISSUE 2, 329–360

Article

MODELLING ROAD TRAFFIC CRASHES USING SPATIAL AUTOREGRESSIVE MODEL WITH ADDITIONAL ENDOGENOUS VARIABLE

Road traffic crashes have become a global issue of concern because of the number of deaths and injuries. The model of interest is a linear cross sectional Spatial Autoregressive (SAR) model with additional endogenous variables, exogenous variables and SAR disturbances. The focus is on RTC in Oyo state, Nigeria. The number of RTC in each LGA of the state is the dependent variable. A 33×33 weights matrix; travel density; land area and major road length of each LGA were used as exogenous variables

Olusanya Elisa Olubusoye, Grace Oluwatoyin Korter, Afees Adebare Salisu

Statistics in Transition New Series , ISSUE 4, 659–670

research-article

Inter-rater reliability of an ultrasound protocol to evaluate the anterolateral ligament of the knee

femur condyle; GT, Gerdy’s tubercle; PT, popliteus tendon; LCL, lateral collateral ligament; ALL, anterolateral ligament; LM, lateral meniscus; LIGA, lateral inferior genicular artery The function of this ligament is to provide anterolateral knee stability by preventing the lateral tibia from subluxation anteriorly relative to the femur(9,10). Studies have documented ALL injuries in 46% to 79% in combination with ACL injuries(11,12). Persisting rotational instability after ACL reconstruction

Michel Kandel, Erik Cattrysse, Michel De Maeseneer, Leon Lenchik, Marc Paantjens, Marco Leeuw

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 78, 181–186

research-paper

Short-term exposure to high-intensity sound induces hearing loss and apoptosis in guinea pigs

way to evaluate damage caused by high-intensity sound (Pawlaczyk-Luszczynska et al., 2011). Specifically, the evaluation of auditory thresholds is one of the most important and common methods used in hearing detection (Saedi et al., 2013; Chen et al., 2014). Cochlear injuries were found to be the most significant change following noise or exposure to intensive sound (Maison et al. 2013). Varying degrees of structural and functional changes and recovery can be observed in the hours to weeks

Yanqing Liu, Hui Wang, Ziquan Liu, Yanjun Gu, Limin Xin, Jinyang Liu, Haojun Fan

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 2, 155–168

Review Article

Chest wall – underappreciated structure in sonography. Part II: Non-cancerous lesions

The chest wall is a vast and complex structure, hence the wide range of pathological conditions that may affect it. The aim of this publication is to discuss the usefulness of ultrasound for the diagnosis of benign lesions involving the thoracic wall. The most commonly encountered conditions include sternal and costal injuries and thoracic lymphadenopathy. Ultrasound is very efficient in identifying the etiology of pain experienced in the anterior chest wall following CPR interventions. Both

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk, Elżbieta Bernatowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 71, 275–280

research-article

The use of a probe stabilizer to reduce musculoskeletal overload of ultrasound operators in routine diagnostic echocardiographic imaging

Introduction Echocardiography is the cornerstone of diagnostic imaging in cardiac patients due to its ease of use, cost-effectiveness, and safety. However, the disadvantage of this technique is the musculoskeletal overload of the cardiac sonographer, which results in a high incidence of work-related injuries of up to 90%(1). Work-related injuries can affect the ability of sonographers to perform required occupational activities, possibly jeopardizing the quality of patient care and productivity

Sjoerd Bouwmeester, Marloes de Kleijn, Jan van Wijngaarden, Patrick Houthuizen

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 78, 193–197

Article

DEVELOPMENT OF A LOW-COST MEASUREMENT SYSTEM TO DETERMINE 3-DIMENSIONAL PEDAL LOADS DURING IN-SITU CYCLING

As increasingly more bicycles are equipped with electrically powered pedal assistance, they can become the solution for the continuous congestion that threatens Europe. Pedal assistance decreases the effort, though cyclists often experience sores that occur at the low back, knees and bottom area. The risk of injuries is predominantly determined by the pedal technique, which is highly dependent of bicycle design, seat type and cycling posture. The optimal cycling technique and the relation to

Sien DIELTIENS, Jordi D’HONDT, Marc JUWET, Mark VERSTEYHE

Transport Problems , ISSUE 4, 151–160

Review

Wrist ultrasound examination – scanning technique and ultrasound anatomy. Part 2: Ventral wrist

wrist ultrasound is one of the most common diagnostic procedures in patients with suspected carpal tunnel syndrome. Ventral wrist evaluation is also often performed in patients with wrist pain of unclear etiology, rheumatic diseases, wrist injuries or symptoms of ulnar neuropathy. The aim of this paper is to present ultrasound images with corresponding anatomical schemes. The technique of ultrasound examination of the ventral wrist along with practical guidance to help obtain highly diagnostic

Cyprian Olchowy, Daniel Soliński, Mateusz Łasecki, Paweł Dąbrowski, Szymon Urban, Urszula Zaleska-Dorobisz

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 69, 123–128

Review Paper

The epileptic multifactorial patient’s burden. Review of the topic

. Generalized tonic-clonic seizures and refractory epilepsy are the most important factors burdening PWE’s, resulting in increased injuries and mortality, including Sudden Unexpected Death in Epilepsy (SUDEP). The need of chronic intake of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) and of epilepsy surgery are also important with regards to potential for side effects, drug interactions, and different surgery risks. PWE harbour more medical and psychiatric comorbidities than the general population and results in a

José Pimentel

Journal of Epileptology , ISSUE 2, 167–172

Research paper

Antiallodynic effect of intrathecal resiniferatoxin on neuropathic pain model of chronic constriction injury

Introduction: Injuries and/or dysfunctions in the somatosensory system can lead to neuropathic pain. Transient receptor potential vanilloid sub-type 1 (TRPV1) play an important role in the development of allodynia and hyperalgesia following injury and the ensuing inflammatory conditions. Resiniferatoxin (RTX) is an ultrapotent synthetic TRPV1 agonist and many different administration routes are available for different mechanisms and different effects. RTX is used intraperitonially as a model of

Julia Risso Parisi, Ana Laura Martins de Andrade, Josie Resende Torres Silva, Marcelo Lourenço Silva

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis , ISSUE 4, 317–322

Review

Standards for the assessment of salivary glands – an update

The paper is an update of 2011 Standards for Ultrasound Assessment of Salivary Glands, which were developed by the Polish Ultrasound Society. We have described current ultrasound technical requirements, assessment and measurement techniques as well as guidelines for ultrasound description. We have also discussed an ultrasound image of normal salivary glands as well as the most important pathologies, such as inflammation, sialosis, collagenosis, injuries and proliferative processes, with

Piotr Zajkowski, Aleksandra Ochal-Choińska

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 65, 175–190

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