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Case report | 10-January-2018

Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: Adapting to Consequences

Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) affects more than 28,000 individuals annually in Thailand; however, little information about outcome after mTBI is known. This investigation aimed to explore consequences of mTBI among Thai adults who experienced mTBI in the previous 3-12 months. A sample of 135 adults was interviewed. Subjects were typically men, middle aged and approximately half were married. All completed the compulsory level of education in Thailand and were in the low income bracket

Nutthita Petchprapai

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 25 , ISSUE 2, 12–19

Research Article | 30-November-2015

Injury Patterns among Individuals Diagnosed with Infantile Autism during Childhood: A Case-Control Study

To date, injury risk among people with infantile autism (IA) has been a relatively poorly researched issue.The purpose of our study was to compare the prevalence and types of injuries in a clinical sample of 118 patients diagnosed with IA during childhood with those of 336 age- and sex-matched controls from the general population.All participants were screened through the nationwide Danish National Hospital Register. The average amount of time that the participants were observed was 30.3 years

Svend Erik Mouridsen, Bente Rich, Torben Isager

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 4 , ISSUE 2, 88–95

Review | 28-June-2019

High resolution ultrasound for imaging complications of muscle injury: Is there an additional role for elastography?

Introduction Muscle injury is very common during sports and is a result of various mechanisms which range from delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS), which is practically a symptom with no long-term consequences, to severe shearing injuries, including muscle strain, muscle contusions and lacerations(1,2). Severe muscle injuries have a significant impact on the management of an athlete, because they can affect the timing of return to sporting activity, the biomechanical performance of the muscle

Eleni E. Drakonaki, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Christos Sinopidis, Panagiotis Givissis

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 19 , ISSUE 77, 137–144

Research paper | 01-August-2017

Rat white matter injury model induced by endothelin-1 injection: technical modification and pathological evaluation

White matter injury is an important cause of functional disability of the brain. We comprehensively analyzed a modified endothelin-1 (ET-1) injection-induced white matter injury model in the rat which is very valuable for investigating the underlying mechanisms of subcortical ischemic stroke. ET-1 was stereotactically injected into the internal capsule of the rat. To avoid complications with leakage of ET-1 into the lateral ventricle, the safest trajectory angle to the target was established

Hideaki Ono, Hideaki Imai, Satoru Miyawaki, Hirofumi Nakatomi, Nobuhito Saito

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 76 , ISSUE 3, 212–224

research-article | 07-July-2020

Hypothermia in the course of acute traumatic spinal cord injury

INTRODUCTION Traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) is a life-threatening neurological condition resulting in partial or complete loss of motor, sensory and autonomic innervation below the injury level. The consequences of SCI include not only a decreased quality of life for the injured but also an adverse socio-economic impact on their relatives and society as whole (Piatt et al., 2016; Nori et al., 2017). Despite recent progress in the understanding of SCI pathophysiology and progress in

Jozef Kafka, Nadezda Lukacova, Igor Sulla, Marcela Maloveska, Zuzana Vikartovska, Dasa Cizkova

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 80 , ISSUE 2, 172–178

Research paper | 04-May-2018

Antiallodynic effect of intrathecal resiniferatoxin on neuropathic pain model of chronic constriction injury

Introduction: Injuries and/or dysfunctions in the somatosensory system can lead to neuropathic pain. Transient receptor potential vanilloid sub-type 1 (TRPV1) play an important role in the development of allodynia and hyperalgesia following injury and the ensuing inflammatory conditions. Resiniferatoxin (RTX) is an ultrapotent synthetic TRPV1 agonist and many different administration routes are available for different mechanisms and different effects. RTX is used intraperitonially as a model of

Julia Risso Parisi, Ana Laura Martins de Andrade, Josie Resende Torres Silva, Marcelo Lourenço Silva

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 77 , ISSUE 4, 317–322

Research paper | 15-January-2019

Anti-inflammatory compound curcumin and mesenchymal stem cells in the treatment of spinal cord injury in rats

Spinal cord injury leads to a robust inflammatory response that is an unfavorable environment for stem cell implantation. In this study, we evaluated the effect of combined therapy of curcumin and mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) on behavioral recovery and tissue sparing, glial scar formation, axonal sprouting and inflammatory responses in a rat experimental model of spinal cord injury (SCI). Balloon-induced compression lesion was performed at thoracic (Th8-9) spinal level. Out of the four groups

Jiri Ruzicka, Lucia Machova Urdzikova, Anna Kloudova, Anubhav G. Amin, Jana Vallova, Sarka Kubinova, Meic H. Schmidt, Meena Jhanwar-Uniyal, Pavla Jendelova

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 78 , ISSUE 4, 358–374

Research paper | 31-July-2017

Upregulation of CCL3/MIP‑1alpha regulated by MAPKs and NF‑kappaB mediates microglial inflammatory response in LPS‑induced brain injury

Growing evidence suggests that macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)‑1alpha (synonym CCL3) is upregulated in the neuroinflammatory processes initiated by some brain disorders, but its precise role and regulatory mechanism remain unclear. The present work aims to evaluate the role of CCL3/MIP‑1alpha in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)‑induced brain injury, and investigate whether the MAPKs and NF‑kappaB regulate CCL3/MIP‑1alpha expression. We firstly examined the patterns of CCL3/ MIP‑1alpha expression

Xiaobo Zhu, Dee Wei, Ou Chen, Zhaohua Zhang, Jiang Xue, Shanying Huang, Weiwei Zhu, Yibiao Wang

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 76 , ISSUE 4, 304–317

Research Article | 30-November-2013

Non-Suicidal Self-Injury and Indirect Self-Harm Among Danish High School Students

Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and indirect self-harm are prevalent among adolescents, but it is rare to see them described as related topics.The purpose of this study was to investigate whether there is a correlation between the frequencies of NSSI and indirect self-harm (e.g., eating problems, alcohol and drug use) and how this may be influenced by gender.Questionnaires about NSSI (e.g., cutting, burning, scratching, hitting oneself) and indirect self-harm were distributed to high school

Bo Møhl, Peter la Cour, Annika Skandsen

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, Volume 2 , ISSUE 1, 11–18

Research paper | 25-July-2017

Surgical injury-induced early neocortical microvascular changes and characteristics of the cells populating the peri-lesion zone

complex 3-dimensional network of basal lamina processes, called fractones. It apparently plays a major role in communication between the various niche-populating cell types as well as in niche activity and output. We hypothesized that similar niches may form ad hoc after a mechanical brain trauma, and tested this possibility in a rat model of surgical brain injury. Four days after removing a small fragment of sensorimotor cortex, the peri-wound region showed numerous symptoms of active repair and

Dorota Sulejczak, Stanisław J. Chrapusta, Wojciech Kozłowski, Małgorzata Frontczak-Baniewicz

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 76 , ISSUE 2, 125–141

Case report | 10-January-2018

Both Sides of the Counter

Colin is a neuroscience Registered Nurse originally from the United Kingdom (UK). He had his first seizure in the UK. He and his family emigrated to Christchurch, New Zealand in 2007. Whilst at work on the neuroscience unit, Colin had another seizure resulting in a significant head injury. He was in rehab when the deadly Christchurch earthquake hit. Both Sides of the Counter covers his experience as a neuroscience nurse caring for others and then how things can quickly

Colin Woodhouse

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 25 , ISSUE 1, 20–23

research-article | 30-November-2019

Newton’s Laws, G-forces and the impact on the brain

Introduction: When thinking about head injury, one needs to first understand forces and the way they impact the body. Gravitational force, or G-force, is the force of gravity on a particular body – a measurement (in G’s) of acceleration that causes the perception of weight. It has significant applications in scientific & engineering fields especially regarding racing cars, fighter jets, large engines and rollercoasters. It is interesting to note (see table below) that the force of gravity

Vicki Evans

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 30 , ISSUE 1, 24–29

Original Paper | 13-September-2016

Value of ultrasonography in assessment of recent injury of anterior talofi bular ligament in children

Introduction: Sprained ankle is a very common injury in children. Proper treatment of ligament injuries enables full recovery. X-ray and US examinations are commonly available diagnostic methods. Material and methods: Two hundred and six children (113 girls and 93 boys, mean age 10.6) with recent ankle joint sprain (up to 7 days of injury) were subject to a retrospective analysis. All patients underwent an X-ray and US examination of the ankle joint within 7 days of

Joanna Szczepaniak, Beata Ciszkowska-Łysoń, Robert Śmigielski, Urszula Zdanowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 62, 259–266

Research paper | 06-February-2018

Long-term consumption of fermented rooibos herbal tea offers neuroprotection against ischemic brain injury in rats

Stroke is the second leading cause of death worldwide, affecting about 240 people a day in South Africa and leaving survivors with residual disabilities. At the moment, there is no clinically approved neuroprotective product for stroke but the consumption of plant polyphenols has been suggested to offer some protection against stroke. In this study, we investigated the effects of long-term consumption of fermented rooibos herbal tea (FRHT) on ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced brain injury in

Olusiji Akinrinmade, Sylvester Omoruyi, Daneel Dietrich, Okobi Ekpo

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 77 , ISSUE 1, 94–105

Review | 15-May-2020

Review: transfusion-related acute lung injury: pathophysiology, laboratory investigation,and donor management

Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) is a serious clinical syndrome that is temporally associated with the transfusion of plasma-containing blood components. The syndrome typically occurs within 6 hours of transfusion. Approximately 80 percent of cases will resolve within 96 hours with supportive care. The syndrome has been associated with antibodies to WBC antigens and generation of biologically active mediators in stored cellular blood components. Appropriate laboratory investigation

Patricia M. Kopko

Immunohematology, Volume 20 , ISSUE 2, 103–111

Research paper | 15-January-2019

Neurological improvement in patients with chronic spinal cord injury treated with leuprolide acetate, an agonist of GnRH

It has been reported that gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH), and its analogue leuprolide acetate (LA), have neurotrophic properties; particularly in the regeneration of injured spinal cord in animal models and in the case of a patient with spinal cord injury (SCI). The aim of this study was to establish whether treatment with LA improves sensitivity, motor activity and independence in patients with chronic SCI. Patients were treated LA once a month for six months. They were evaluated at the

José Luis Quintanar, Carmen Díaz-Galindo, Denisse Calderón-Vallejo, Irma Hernández-Jasso, Froylán Rojas, Daniel Medina-Aguiñaga, Carlos Olvera-Sandoval

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 78 , ISSUE 4, 352–357

Case report

Transfusion-related acute lung injury in an era of TRALI  risk mitigation

Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) is a rare complication of transfusion, for which the true incidence remains obscure, since there are a number of factors that may lead to misdiagnosis. Despite this, it continues to be the leading cause of transfusion-associated mortality. Here we present a historical case of TRALI in an elderly female who received group AB plasma and discuss how current mitigation strategies would likely have prevented its occurrence. It is important to remember

John C. Lavelle, Michelle L. Grant, Julie K. Karp

Immunohematology, Volume 31 , ISSUE 4, 155–158

Original Paper | 13-September-2016

Assessment of the utility of ultrasonography with high-frequency transducers in the diagnosis of posttraumatic neuropathies

patients underwent the interview, physical examination and ultrasound examination. Ultrasound examinations were performed with Esaote MyLab 50 and MyLab 60 systems using high-frequency broadband linear transducers: 6–18 MHz. The nerves were evaluated in the gray-scale and in the power Doppler mode in longitudinal and transverse sections for localization, morphology and the grade of injury as well as for possible anatomic variants of the nerve trunk and pathologies of the adjacent tissues. Moreover, a

Berta Kowalska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 60, 15–28

review-article | 30-November-2019

Spinal cord regeneration using dental stem cell-based therapies

INTRODUCTION Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a devastating neurological disorder resulting in the permanent sensory and motor dysfunctions due to loss of glia, neurons and the incomplete axonal regeneration after injury (Silva et al., 2014; Ahuja et al., 2017). SCI varies in incidence around the world, depending on the land transport, type of infrastructure, culture and socioeconomic levels between countries (Lee et al., 2014). The complicated pathophysiology of SCI has been extensively studied in

Yifan Xu, Meikai Chen, Tan Zhang, Yuliang Ma, Xuerong Chen, Ping Zhou, Xiaofeng Zhao, Fei Pang, Wenqing Liang

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 79 , ISSUE 4, 319–327

Review | 14-March-2020

The pathophysiology and prevention of transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI):  a review

Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) is a clinically important complication of transfusion that is often difficult to diagnose, is probably underreported, and likely has a multifactorial origin that is incompletely understood, making it challenging to find effective treatments and preventative steps. The spectrum of its severity and clinical symptoms seems wide, but its pathogenesis is most likely associated with pulmonary damage from activated recipient neutrophils. Despite the

David C. Mair, Ted Eastlund

Immunohematology, Volume 26 , ISSUE 4, 161–173

Editorial | 13-September-2016

Diagnostyka obrazowa jąder

common neoplasms in men at the age of 20–40. Ultrasound imaging is the method of choice characterized by the sensitivity of nearly 100% in the differentiation between intratesticular and extratesticular lesions. In the case of doubtful lesions that are not classifi ed for intra-operative verifi cation, nuclear magnetic resonance is applied. Computed tomography, however, is performed to monitor the progression of a neoplastic disease, in pelvic trauma with scrotal injury as

Michał Studniarek, Katarzyna Skrobisz-Balandowska, Elza Modzelewska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 15 , ISSUE 62, 245–258

Article | 18-October-2020

Further characterization of transfusion-related acute lung injury: demographics, clinical and laboratory features, and morbidity

According to Food and Drug Administration data, transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) is the third most frequent cause of transfusion-associated death in the United States and is characterized by an acute respiratory distress syndrome-like clinical picture following transfusion of plasma-containing blood components. It may be underdiagnosed due to unfamiliarity of clinicians with the syndrome. This report describes the largest series to date, 46 cases, occurring between 1992 and 1998

Mark A. Popovsky, N. Rebecca Haley

Immunohematology, Volume 16 , ISSUE 4, 157–159

Research paper | 04-May-2018

Effects of different delayed exercise regimens on cognitive performance in fimbria-fornix transected rats

Studies have shown that exercise can positively influence cognitive performance after brain injury. This study investigated the effects of different exercise regimens on allocentric place learning after fimbria-fornix (FF) transection. One hundred and sixteen pre-shaped rats were subjected either to a mechanical transection of the FF or control sham surgery and divided into following groups: i) no exercise (NE), ii) voluntary exercise in a running wheel (RW), iii) forced swimming exercise

Elise Wogensen, Linda Marschner, Marie Gajhede Gram, Siri Mehlsen, Valdemar H. B. Uhre, Pernille Bülow, Jesper Mogensen, Hana Malá

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 77 , ISSUE 4, 323–336

Case report | 14-October-2020

Case report: four donors with granulocyte-specific or HLA class I antibodies implicated in a case of transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI)

. Four of the donors of the implicated units of plasma were female and all had a history of pregnancy. Two donors had HLA class I antibodies and two had granulocytespecific antibodies detectable in their serum. In crossmatch studies, granulocyte-reactive antibodies from two donors bound to granulocytes from the patient, which suggested that these antibodies were clinically relevant. These clinical and serologic findings support a diagnosis of transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI).

A. Davoren, O.P. Smith, C.A. Barnes, E. Lawler, R.G. Evans, G.F. Lucas

Immunohematology, Volume 17 , ISSUE 4, 117–121

Case report | 31-August-2018

Diagnosis and treatment of posttraumatic arteriovenous fistula in the lower leg – a case report

External injuries are one of the common reasons for reporting to hospital emergency departments. Peripheral vascular injuries occur in up to about 25% of upper and lower extremity injury cases. Arteriovenous fistula is a type of arterial injury. Doppler ultrasound is currently the primary diagnostic method for vascular injuries as it allows for the implementation of appropriately targeted treatment, indicating the potential need for extended diagnosis or patient qualification for endovascular

Jan Sobstyl, Maryla Kuczyńska, Ewa Kuklik, Łukasz Światłowski, Maria Tsitskari, Tomasz Jargiełło

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 73, 166–169

original-paper | 04-June-2020

N-acetylcysteine (NAC) Attenuating Apoptosis and Autophagy in RAW264.7 Cells in Response to Incubation with Mycolic Acid from Bovine Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex

after H&E staining. (A) The control group. (B) The NAC group. (C) The MA group. (D) The MA + NAC group. (Scale bar 50 μm). Discussion Bovine MTB complex is the primary causative agent of bronchiectasis and chronic and recurrent lung infections in patients. MA is a key compound of MTB infection and a significant contributor to lung injury in chronic MTB infection (Liu and Nikaido 1999). Early studies have shown that MA damage is primarily mediated by the generation of ROS and the destruction of


Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 69 , ISSUE 2, 223–229

Article | 31-December-2020


analysis of a collision in the SDC convention makes it possible to determine whether its circumstances were consistent with the reports of drivers involved in it. The aim of the analysis presented in this article has been to determine a possibility of using SRS-AIRBAG activation parameters to determine, with the SDC method, whether the circumstances of a collision reported were consistent with those responsible for a whiplash injury. The article provides an analysis of a series of rear-end collisions


Transport Problems, Volume 15 , ISSUE 4, Part 2, 301–310

Research Article | 21-April-2017


addition, experimental dynamic (impact) tests are conducted using a pendulum representing a body block (mass). The results provide information about the possible loading of the table on the occupant in the event of a crash. Contact forces are compared with chest and abdominal injury tolerance thresholds to infer the collision injury potential. Recommendations are then made on design of bay tables to meet the “functional-strength-and-safety balance”.

Emmanuel MATSIKA, Qian PENG

Transport Problems, Volume 10 , ISSUE SE, 97–110

Article | 22-January-2021

Freezing and recovering rare red blood cells using glycerol

the tube. Centrifuge and aspirate the supernatant. Resuspend with blood bank saline. RBCs = red blood cells; RT = room temperature. The first step in this process is to freeze the RBCs, a process known as glycerolization. During this step, a 6.2-M glycerol solution is introduced into the container with the RBCs. The glycerol enters the RBCs and prevents severe freezing injury.5 When extracellular ice forms during freezing, the osmotic balance changes, and the RBC volume becomes overly

B. Eades

Immunohematology, Volume 36 , ISSUE 3, 85–88

Research paper | 04-May-2018

Axonal outgrowth stimulation after alginate/mesenchymal stem cell therapy in injured rat spinal cord

Juraj Blaško, Eva Szekiova, Lucia Slovinska, Jozef Kafka, Dasa Cizkova

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 77 , ISSUE 4, 337–350

Case report | 29-June-2016

Charcot arthropathy in ultrasound examination – a case report

This article presents a patient with a long history of type 1 diabetes mellitus complicated with neuropathy and Charcot disease. The most common cause of neuropathic osteoarthropathy, called Charcot osteoarthropathy, is poorly controlled diabetes. The clinical picture is characterized by considerable edema, redness and increased skin temperature with relatively slight pain due to injury to nerve fibers responsible for pain sensation. The differential diagnosis should include bacterial or

Mateusz Płaza, Anna Nowakowska-Płaza, Marta Walentowska-Janowicz, Marek Chojnowski, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 65, 210–215

Research Article | 21-April-2017

Center of road traffic safety education for children and youths – modern educational center in road traffic safety

modern and effective approach to education today by setting up designed science centrums. The idea of implementing new technologies, innovative tools, laboratories, workshops in the long-lasting process of education to road safety hazards for main risk factors will improve road users behavior for reducing high number of road injuries and fatalities. It is important work from injury prevention point of view especially because the Poland government’ s interest in road safety. This center can be a model


Transport Problems, Volume 10 , ISSUE 1, 137–148

Research Article | 14-February-2019


This article focuses on road traffic safety in Poland, where the risk of serious injury and death in accident has remained high. We present examples of campaigns on the use of seat belts and child restraints system between 2005 and 2015 promoting positive behaviour in road traffic. Results of self-reported data from survey in real traffic on vehicles’ road user’s behaviour due to the usage of protective equipment between 2014-2016 were collected and analysed. The scientific achievement of the


Transport Problems, Volume 13 , ISSUE 4, 77–90

Article | 08-December-2019


in accident scenarios with bicycles and PTW, with a special focus on causation by Driving Reliability and Error Analysis Method and injuries coded by the Abbreviated Injury Scale, conducted for these road users across Europe for the first time. Medical data, police records, and jurisdiction files about crashes of PTW and cyclist were collected and analyzed in EU to define the most common accident scenarios and other threats to this group of unprotected road users. The articles present

Katarzyna SICIŃSKA, Agnieszka KRUPIŃSKA

Transport Problems, Volume 14 , ISSUE 4, 77–88

Review | 07-September-2016

A review of ultrasonographic methods for the assessment of the anterior cruciate ligament in patients with knee instability – diagnostics using a posterior approach

ultrasound anterior cruciate ligament assessment techniques helps increase diagnostic accuracy.MethodsUltrasonography is used as an adjunctive technique in the diagnosis of anterior cruciate ligament injury. The paper presents a sonographic technique for the assessment of suspected anterior cruciate ligament insufficiency supplemented by the use of a dynamic examination. This technique can be recommended as an additional procedure in routine ultrasound diagnostics of anterior cruciate ligament

Tomasz Poboży, Maciej Kielar

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 66, 288–295

Case report | 10-January-2018

Timely Anticoagulant Thromboprophylaxis is Safe and Effective in the Care of Patients Suffering Traumatic Brain Injury.

Kandace Micallef

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 25 , ISSUE 2, 30–34

Article | 05-September-2020



Transport Problems, Volume 15 , ISSUE 3, 79–92

Original Paper | 31-January-2019

Comparison of high resolution ultrasonography with clinical findings in patients with ankle pain

because it allows a rapid, dynamic, and cost-effective examination of the ankle joint. However, ultrasonography has limitations when using it to evaluate a suspected posterior talofibular ligament injury, marrow abnormalities, and deep seated pathologies, for which MRI should be incorporated for a diagnosis.

Kunwarpal Singh, Chuni Lal Thukral, Kamlesh Gupta, Avtar Singh

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 75, 316–324

Article | 09-November-2020

Frequency of neutrophil-specific antigens among Koreans using the granulocyte indirect immunofluorescence test (GIFT)

NA1, NA2, NB1, NB2, NC1, and NE1 are a group of antigens specifically expressed on neutrophils. Antibodies against neutrophil-specific antigens are involved in alloimmune neonatal neutropenia (ANN), autoimmune neutropenia (AIN), and transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI). We investigated the frequencies of NA1, NA2, NB1, and Mart antigens in 105 healthy Korean blood donors (65 males, 40 females) by the granulocyte indirect immunofluorescence test (GIFT) employing flow cytometry. Antigen

Kyou S. Han, Tae H. Um

Immunohematology, Volume 13 , ISSUE 1, 15–16

research-article | 06-April-2020

Neuroprotective effect of poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanoparticle-bound brain-derived neurotrophic factor in a permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion model of ischemia in rats

(tPA), a thrombolytic agent that targets the thrombus within the blood vessel. Neuroprotection remains one of the holy grails of AIS therapy. The ability to protect the ischemic brain from injury until reperfusion and also protect the brain from reperfusion injury could theoretically prevent disability in stroke survivors (Patel and McMullen, 2017). In the past, many neuroprotective agents showed efficacy in a variety of animal models of stroke, including 5-HT1A agonists, free radical scavengers

Siti Norsyafika Kamarudin, Igor Iezhitsa, Minaketan Tripathy, Renad Alyautdin, Nafeeza Mohd Ismail

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 80 , ISSUE 1, 1–18

Review | 12-March-2020

Granulocyte serology: current concepts and clinical signifcance

Mary E. Clay, Randy M. Schuller, Gary J. Bachowski

Immunohematology, Volume 26 , ISSUE 1, 11–21

Original Paper | 25-September-2018

Ultrasonographic assessment of articular cartilage of the femoral condyle in patients with an increased Q-angle

Introduction: The patella is a sesamoid for the quadriceps, which increases its power during knee extension and thus transfers considerable forces. The etiology of patellofemoral pain is multifactorial. In the absence of injury, the commonly accepted hypothesis is associated with increased compression of articulating surfaces. Aim: The aim of the study was to perform an ultrasound evaluation of the thickness of articular cartilage covering the medial and lateral femoral condyle in patients with

Maciej Kusiak, Adam Kawczyński

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 74, 181–185

research-article | 06-April-2020

Investigating the synergic effects of valproic acid and crocin on BDNF and GDNF expression in epidermal neural crest stem cells

INTRODUCTION Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and glial-cell-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) are both related to the neurotrophic factor family, which play essential roles in neural development, cell survival, differentiation, and axonal growth, in both the central and peripheral nervous systems, during development and in mature systems (Marsh and Blurton-Jones, 2017). During neurodegenerative disorders, such as spinal cord injury (SCI), Alzheimer’s disease, and Huntington’s disease

Zahra Baharvand, Mohammad Nabiuni, Mohammad Tahmaseb, Elaheh Amini, Sareh Pandamooz

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 80 , ISSUE 1, 38–46

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