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research-article

Integrity Assurance of OTA Software Update in Smart Vehicles

, the update SW can be another vulnerable SW to be cared for. When an OTA SW update is done via a data network, it will be exposed to network security threats such as tampering and spoofing. In addition, it will get affected by the security vulnerability of the application domain such as that of a smart vehicle. In the studies that addressed the OTA SW update vulnerability over a wireless network (Mahmud et al., 2005; Nilsson and Larson, 2008; Khodari et al., 2019), integrity, confidentiality

Geunhyoung Kim, Im Y. Jung

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 1–8

Research Article

Electronic Track Map Building for Satellite-based High Integrity Railway Train Positioning

The concept of electronic track map has been introduced and researched in many satellite-based railway train positioning and location-based railway systems. It should characterize the railway tracks and their key objects and facilities with a satisfied accuracy and completeness. Based on the application requirements, design and building of the electronic track maps should be in accordance with the map matching approach, and moreover, considering the integrity effect that is decisive to safety

Liu Jiang, Cai Baigen, Wang Jian

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 610–629

Research Article

Secure Hash Algorithm-3(SHA-3) implementation on Xilinx FPGAs, Suitable for IoT Applications

Data integrity is a term used when referring to the accuracy and reliability of data. It ensures that data is not altered during operations, such as transfer, storage, or retrieval. Any changes to the data for example malicious intention, unpredicted hardware failure or human error would results in failure of data integrity. Cryptographic hash functions are generally used for the verification of data integrity. For many Internet of Things (IoT) applications, hardware implementations of

Muzaffar Rao, Thomas Newe, Ian Grout

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–6

Research Article

A NEW APPROACH FOR CLOUD DATA SECURITY: FROM SINGLE TO CLOUD-OF-CLOUDS

In the corporate world, a large number of people store their data on clouds. For doing this they need to give their confidential data in the hands of the third party, commonly known as service providers. These cloud service providers cannot be trusted since the complete data is stored in one single cloud. This increases security risks to the user’s sensitive data. Due to this issue of data integrity risk and service availability failure, the concept of “Cloud-of-Clouds” comes into picture

R. Kalaiprasath, R. Elankavi, Dr. R. Udayakumar

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 604–613

Research Article

INTERDEPENDENCIES BETWEEN EVALUATION OF COLLISION RISKS AND PERFORMANCE OF SHIPBORNE PNT DATA PROVISION

in real time to enable a reliable evaluation of collision risks by the officers of the watch. Until today in discussions about modelling and utilization of ship domains, it has been mostly unnoticed that the performance of vessel’s position (P), navigation (N), and timing data (T) ultimately determines the accuracy and integrity of indicated ship domain. This paper addresses this question, and starts with a comprehensive analysis of AIS data to prove the violation of ship domains in the maritime

Paweł BANYŚ, Evelin ENGLER, Frank HEYMANN

Transport Problems , ISSUE 4, 151–165

Article

A Searchable Re-encryption Storage Method in Cloud Environment

Traditional cloud storage systems do not adapt well to different application environment and does not guarantee the integrity and confidentiality of cloud data. In order to solve the problems brought by the hysteretic and density in the cloud storage system,A Searchable Re-encryption Storage Method (SReCSM) is proposed in this paper. The central idea of the SReCSM is to generate a re-encryption key and decrypte while the keyword matched. Simulation results show that SReCSM introduced in this

Wang Hui, Hong Bo, Tang Junyong

International Journal of Advanced Network, Monitoring and Controls , ISSUE 2, 89–94

Research Article

INTELLIGENT ENVIRONMENTAL SENSING WITH AN UNMANNED AERIAL SYSTEM IN A WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK

This paper proposes a novel environmental monitoring mechanism to integrate recentlyestablished development of an Unmanned Aerial System (UAS) with WSNs for remote monitoring. The high mobility of UASs can solve the limitations associated with using WSNs in hazardous areas. In this paper, the WSN node, the Wireless Environmental Monitoring Station (WEMS), is based on ZigBee protocol for long-duration monitoring. Furthermore, to ensure the integrity of collected environmental data, an algorithm

Ching-Ju Chen, Jou-An Chen, Yueh-Min Huang

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 696–717

Article

IOT-1-PASS-SECURITY: 1(ONE)-PASS AUTHENTICATED KEY AGREEMENT PROTOCOL FOR ENERGY CONSTRAINT IOT APPLICATIONS

(data confidentiality with integrity) and performance. We implemented and performed comprehensive power consumption and timing analysis of our implementation on Contiki platform to demonstrate the efficiency of the proposed protocol.

Mehrdad Aliasgari, Garrett Chan, Mohammad Mozumdar

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 2, 598–615

Research Article

DESIGN AND OPTIMIZATION OF BULK MICROMACHINED ACCELEROMETER FOR SPACE APPLICATIONS

The accelerometers used for Inertial Navigation in satellite launch vehicles demand excellent performance in terms of sensitivity, noise immunity, linearity, bias and scale factor stability over time and environmental changes. Detailed and in-depth design of the microstructure by computer simulation is required to ensure structural integrity and reliability of the microstructure. The microstructure of the accelerometer consists of a proof mass suspended from the mounting frame by beam springs

Thampi Paul, Jaspreet Singh, M. M. Nayak, K. Rajanna, M. Sasi Kumar

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 4, 1019–1030

Article

VIBRATION BASED HEALTH MONITORING OF HONEYCOMB CORE SANDWICH PANELS USING SUPPORT VECTOR MACHINE

Honeycomb sandwich structures are extensively used in aerospace, aeronautic, marine and automotive industries due to their high strength-to-weight ratios, high energy absorption capability and effective acoustic insulation. Unfortunately, either presence of disbond along the skin-core interface or emergence of disbond due to repeated loading, aging or an intensive load can jeopardize the integrity and safety of the whole structure The current work presents a new array based technique for health

Saurabh Gupta, Satish B Satpal, Sauvik Banerjee, Anirban Guha

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 1, 215–232

Article

O le Tautai Matapalapala: Leadership strategies for supporting Pasifika students in New Zealand schools

This article addresses effective school leaders so that leaders may navigate robust, vigorous and well-thought through changes and supports in schools to raise the engagement and achievement of Pasifika learners. From a Pasifika perspective, a “true leader” in education is an effective leader, a leader with high integrity (aloaia) and standing, who is driven by culturally responsive principles, values, aspirations and world views of the students. Such a leader utilizes a personal

Tufulasifa’atafatafa Ova Taleni, Angus Macfarlane, Sonja Macfarlane, Jo Fletcher

Journal of Educational Leadership, Policy and Practice , ISSUE 2, 16–32

Review

The use of neuromonitoring in descending and thoraco-abdominal aortic aneurysm surgery. Literature Review

techniques have evolved that have considerably reduced this risk. Neuromonitoring is a technique that can provide an intraoperative assessment of the integrity of the spinal cord through stimulation of nervous pathways and detection in either peripheral muscles or the brain cortex. In theory this can alert the surgical team to impending spinal cord ischaemia and change the management of this patient to prevent paraplegia. However, there is much ambiguity surrounding its use, with no conclusive evidence

Matthew Fok, Mohamad Bashir, Thomas Kennedy, Mark Field, Alex Mason

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–5

Article

A GAIN SCHEDULING OF PI CONTROLLERS OF A MULTI-SPAN WEB TRANSPORT SYSTEM

This research aims to address the issue of controlling a multi-span web transport system by an automatic tuning of the PI controllers parameters. The use of multi-span web transport systems often requires dedicating a particular effort for defining a control system able to protect the integrity of the web. The possibility of using PI controllers for each section is attractive considering that an overlapping system decomposition may permit to take into account the mutual interaction of the

Nicola Ivan Giannoccaro, Tetsuzo Sakamoto, Issei Uchitomi

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 1516–1533

Original Paper

RNA Quality Control Using External Standard RNA

In this paper, we propose a new evaluation method using external standard RNA for quality control of the extracted RNA. RNA Integrity Number and UV absorption are generally used as a basis for RNA quality control; however, these methods do not always reflect the quality of mRNA. While standard RNA is supposedly designed on the basis of mRNA, it has the potential to be used to evaluate the quality of the mRNA. In this study, we took into consideration the three essential factors, viz., yield of

TAKEMA HASEGAWA, JUNKO TAKAHASHI, HITOSHI IWAHASHI

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 3, 347–353

original-paper

Antibacterial Activity and Mode of Action of β-caryophyllene on Bacillus cereus

electrophoretic force. Untreated (control) B. cereus, under normal conditions, carried a negative value of –5.46 mV while cells treated with 1.25% (v/v) BCP for 2 h had a less negative value of –3.98 mV, compared to the untreated cells (Fig. 2A). Fig. 2. Assays performed to evaluate the effects of BCP on the membrane surface charge and integrity of B. cereus. (A) Zeta-potential value (mV) of untreated (–5.460 mV) and BCP-treated cells (–3.980 mV); (B) Nucleic acid content of untreated and 1.25% (v/v) BCP

CHEW-LI MOO, SHUN-KAI YANG, MOHD-AZURAIDI OSMAN, MOHD HAFIS YUSWAN, JIUN-YAN LOH, WEI-MENG LIM, SWEE-HUA-ERIN LIM, KOK-SONG LAI

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 1, 49–54

Research Article

3D LASER SCANNING TECHNIQUE FOR THE INSPECTION AND MONITORING OF RAILWAY TUNNELS

Railway tunnel inspection and monitoring has predominantly been a visual and manual procedure, which is time-consuming and subjective, giving rise to variance in standards and quality. Thus, alternative, novel, automated techniques need to be developed, for more efficient and reliable tunnel examination. The reported research aimed to investigate the application of a laser scanning technique for the inspection of tunnel degradation and structural integrity. The proposed method may either

Han-Mei CHEN, Cristian ULIANOV, Ramy SHALTOUT

Transport Problems , ISSUE SE, 73–84

Original Paper

Emodin Reduces the Activity of (1,3)-β-D-glucan Synthase from Candida albicans and Does Not Interact with Caspofungin

echinocandins causes defects in fungal cell integrity. In the present study, similar activity of emodin (6-methyl-1,3,8-trihydroxyanthraquinone) has been revealed. Many reports have already shown the antifungal potential of this pleiotropic molecule, including its activity against C. albicans. The aim of this report was to evaluate the activity of emodin towards a new molecular target, i.e. (1,3)-β-D-glucan synthase isolated from Candida cells. Moreover, given the identical mechanism of the activity of both

MONIKA JANECZKO

Polish Journal of Microbiology , ISSUE 4, 463–470

Article

DEVELOPMENT OF A LEVELING SYSTEM FOR CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT

The quality of the roadway has a significant impact on the ability of drivers to drive their vehicles. Violation of the integrity of the coating, its geometrical parameters (shape), and the condition of the surface of the coating adversely affect the behavior of drivers, does not allow for correct driving of the vehicle, and leads to the occurrence of traffic accidents of varying severity. The current problem in the implementation of road construction works is to increase the level of

Denis DEDOV, Alexandr SIUKHIN, Artem OBUKHOV

Transport Problems , ISSUE 3, 49–62

research-article

Ultrasonography of vulnerable atherosclerotic plaque in the carotid arteries: B-mode imaging

observation of echogenicity with classification to Gray-Weale–Nicolaides types as well as assessment of the integrity of plaque surface, makes it possible to roughly evaluate plaque morphology and thereby its stability. The contemporary techniques make this classification more objective. Computer software enables assessment and measurement of the plaque with the calculation of mean percentage values regarding the size of echogenic zones that correspond with plaque containing a greater number of fibrous or

Andrzej Fedak, Katarzyna Ciuk, Andrzej Urbanik

Journal of Ultrasonography , ISSUE 81, e135–e145

Article

Characterization of Lilium longiflorum cv. ‘Nellie White’ Infection with Root-lesion Nematode Pratylenchus penetrans by Bright-field and Transmission Electron Microscopy

involving both root epidermis and cortical cells. Degradation of consecutive cell walls resulted in loss of cell pressure, lack of cytoplasmic integrity, followed by cell death along the intracellular path of the nematode’s migration. Pratylenchus penetrans was never seen in the vascular cylinder as the layer of collapsed endodermal cells presumably blocked the progression of nematodes into this area of the roots. This study presents the first detailed cytological 

PAULO VIEIRA, JOSEPH MOWERY, JAMES KILCREASE, JONATHAN D. EISENBACK, KATHRYN KAMO

Journal of Nematology , ISSUE 1, 2–11

Article

HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE SOLUTION DEVELOPED IN ARM MBED ENVIRONMENT FOR DRIVING AND CONTROLLING DC BRUSHLESS MOTORS BASED ON ST X-NUCLEO DEVELOPMENT BOARDS

varying potentiometer value located on board, change the rotation speed. Furthermore, different controls are performed during motor operation such as on PWM duty-cycle value (if it is equal to 100% , then power supply is removed), on temperature value of L6230 IC driver and a control of motor rotation; in this latter case, if BLDC motor is stalled for a time period higher than 3 seconds, then the power supply is interrupted in order to safeguard the motor/system integrity.

P. Primiceri, P. Visconti, A. Melpignano, G. Colleoni, A. Vilei

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 3, 1534–1562

Research Article

Polymer Optical Fibre Sensor for Measuring Breathing Rate of Lying Person

increase in 30 % bending losses from the standard (FX 1000) commercial fibre. A 640 nm light-emitting diode was used to illuminate the fibre, with its sensitivity to bending increased by cutting transversal grooves along the fibre and then by applying plastic rods along the fibre to increase bending loss. Although both methods increased the bending loss of the fibre, grooving reduced POF durability and integrity, whereas use of the plastic rods enhanced bending losses without damaging the fibre

Nabeel Ahmed, Patricia Scully, John Vaughan, Christine Brown Wilson, Krikor Ozanyan

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems , ISSUE 5, 1–6

Article

Leadership in our secondary schools: good people, inadequate systems

Graeme Macann

Journal of Educational Leadership, Policy and Practice , 13–25

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