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Original Paper | 31-August-2018

Sonographic assessment of the prevalence and evolution of fluid collections as a complication of kidney transplantation

Aim of the study: The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence and evolution of perirenal fluid collections in a group of 488 patients who have undergone kidney transplantation. Material and methods: Sonographic documentation of 488 deceased-donor kidney recipients was evaluated for the prevalence of perirenal fluid collections and their evolution in time, depending on selected demographic features of the patients, time of detection, initial dimensions and precise position of the

Maryla Kuczyńska, Ewa Piasek, Łukasz Światłowski, Ewa Kuklik, Jan Sobstyl, Anna Drelich-Zbroja, Tomasz Słomka, Krzysztof Pyra, Olga Furmaga, Małgorzata Szczerbo-Trojanowska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 73, 126–132

Article | 30-November-2018


proteins) – occludin and claudin [58]. A change in the environment in which a microbiota exists: the presence of toxins, diet, antibiotic therapy, stress or medications taken cause the dominant bacteria and the compounds synthesized by them to change, which leads to damaging the intestinal barrier. This is the case, among others, in chronic kidney disease [2]. 2. Mechanisms leading to alterations in gut microbiota and their effects on intestinal barrier permeability Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a

Magdalena Nalewajska, Jarosław Przybyciński, Małgorzata Marchelek-Myśliwiec, Violetta Dziedziejko, Kazimierz Ciechanowski

Postępy Mikrobiologii - Advancements of Microbiology, Volume 58 , ISSUE 3, 237–245

Review | 18-April-2017

Kidney ultrasound – what is important for a urologist?

Kidney ultrasound is one of the basic procedures in the practice of a urologist. Apart from the location and the size, description of renal morphology should contain the thickness of the anterior lip parenchyma in a transverse section and the location of possible narrowings. Uneven outline of the kidney is a sign of past inflammatory conditions. In the case of the pelvicalyceal system dilation, it is advised to specify the dimensions of the pelvis and calyces. Convex

Tomasz Szopiński, Elżbieta Keller, František Záťura

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 67, 371–377

Original Paper | 09-August-2017

Grayscale ultrasound characteristics of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease severity – an adult and pediatric cohort study

Introduction: The most common hereditary kidney condition is autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease. It is the cause of 5–10% of end-stage renal disease. Its symptoms are generally late-onset, typically leading to development of hypertension and chronic kidney disease. Ultrasonography is the imaging modality of choice in its diagnosis and management. The aim of this study is to determine the diagnostic value of grayscale ultrasound imaging in evaluating disease severity. Materials and

Marcin Strzelczyk, Michał Podgórski, Susan Afshari, Marcin Tkaczyk, Monika Pawlak-Bratkowska, Piotr Grzelak

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 69, 85–90

Article | 09-November-2020

Absence of hemolysis after a kidney transplant in an E+ recipient from a donor with anti-E

A 12-year-old Caucasian male with cystinosis received a kidney from his mother, whose red blood cells typed as group O, D+, E–. Her serum contained an anti-E with an IgG1 titer of 16 (score 31). The recipient’s type was group O, D+, E+, with a negative antibody screen in the pretransplant period. The recipient and donor Rh phenotypes were most likely DCcEe and Dccee, respectively. Because the recipient’s mother had no transfusion history, she was probably immunized by the

Marcia C. Zago-Novaretti, Carlos Roberto Jorge, Eduardo Jens, Pedro Enrique Dorihiac-Llacer, Dalton de Alencar Fischer Chamone

Immunohematology, Volume 13 , ISSUE 4, 138–140

Review | 31-August-2018

Ultrasound screening for pyelectasis in pregnant women. Clinical necessity or “art for art’s sake”?

Renal pelvicalyceal dilatation is caused by urine retention in the upper urinary tract. It is referred to as pyelectasis in medical literature. This term does not indicate the cause that leads to the dilatation of and urine retention in the renal pelvicalyceal system. Mild pelvicalyceal dilatation during pregnancy is usually considered to be physiological in nature – it can occur in up to 90% of pregnant women. Retention is more common in the right kidney, in primigravidae, in the second half

Piotr Szkodziak

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 73, 152–157

Original Paper | 24-February-2017

Acoustic radiation force impulse imaging of kidneys – a phantom study

Aim of the study: Since there have been only few works reporting the diagnosis of kidneys using Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse technique and those works do not provide consistent results of shear wave velocity measurements in renal tissue, we have decided to use kidney phantoms with known properties to examine the reliability of the method itself in a controlled setup similar to kidneys examination. Materials and methods: Four gelatin-based phantoms imitating different clinical situations

Szymon Cygan, Magdalena Januszewicz

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 16 , ISSUE 67, 329–338

research-article | 30-November-2020

Is contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) useful in the assessment of obstructive uropathy-induced perfusion disorders?

Introduction Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) is increasingly used in clinical practice. Apart from its application in the assessment of the liver and the spleen, the method is also used in the diagnosis of renal pathology(1–6). Case report A 74-year-old patient burdened with multiple medical conditions (obesity, type 2 diabetes, myocardial infarction and chronic kidney disease with creatinine levels of approximately 1.6 mg%; eGFR 30 mL/min/1.73 m2 for several years) was admitted to the

Sergiusz Ustyniak, Ilona Kurnatowska, Ludomir Stefańczyk, Magdalena Kaczmarska, Patryk Wieczorek

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 87, 348–352

Case report | 31-August-2018

Embolization of iatrogenic renal arteriovenous fistula – a case report

Ewa Kuklik, Krzysztof Pyra, Łukasz Światłowski, Maryla Kuczyńska, Jan Sobstyl, Anna Drelich-Zbroja, Tomasz Jargiełło, Maria Tsitskari, Małgorzata Szczerbo-Trojanowska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 73, 170–173

research-article | 31-March-2020

Renal echotextural changes in Nigerian workers chronically exposed to petroleum-based liquid fuels

, these hydrocarbon products are converted in the body into different reactive metabolites, which interact with various tissues, especially the metabolizing, distributing and excreting tissues, exerting toxic effects on them. The kidneys are excreting organs that could be damaged by hydrocarbons. Indeed Uboh et al.(3) has shown that interaction of the hydrocarbon with renal tissues may cause cellular injury. Exposure to hydrocarbon (HC) is associated with an increased risk of developing chronic kidney

Angel-Mary C. Anakwue, Felicitas U. Idigo, Raphael C. Anakwue

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 80, 18–23

research-article | 30-November-2020

Twinkle artifact in renal ultrasound, is it a solid point for the diagnosis of renal stone in children?

recent study conducted in a pediatric age group showed that the twinkle artifact was characterized by sensitivity reaching up to 88% (95% CI 72–96%)(11). The purpose of our study was to assess the sensitivity of the twinkle artifact as an aiding tool to diagnose kidney stones in the pediatric age group by ultrasound. Material and methods The study had a retrospective design. Local institutional approval was acquired. The study population consisted of pediatric patients (<14 years) who had undergone

Moath AlSaiady, Ahmad Alqatie, Musab Almushayqih

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 87, 282–285

Case report | 25-September-2018

TRUS-guided drainage of the ectopic ureter entering the prostatic urethra and TRUS-guided transurethral neo-orifice formation using holmium laser

of computed tomography scans led to the diagnosis of duplicated collecting system of the left kidney with the enormous ureter of the upper moiety that entered the prostate gland. In order to permanently decompress the hydronephrosed upper moiety of the left kidney, the patient was deemed eligible for endoscopic treatment. A transurethral incision through the bladder wall and the adjacent segment of the ectopic ureter was made with holmium laser under transrectal ultrasonography guidance, thus

Waldemar Białek, Ewa Mey, Piotr Kawecki, Roman Styliński, Sławomir Rudzki

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 74, 255–264

research-article | 09-September-2021

The definitive role of CEUS in an ambiguous case of renal cell carcinoma

Introduction Angiomyolipoma (AML) is a benign tumor consisting of abnormal vessels, smooth muscles, and fatty tissue. It accounts for 0.3–3% of all renal masses and is the most common type of benign kidney tumors(1). About 80% of AMLs present as isolated entities(2), but they are also frequently associated with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC)(3). AML is radiologically classified into three subtypes according to the amount of fat which is quantified by CT or MRI: fat-rich AML, fat-poor AML, and

Katarzyna Drelich, Monika Zbroja, Weronika Cyranka, Olga Pustelniak, Ewa Kopyto, Maryla Kuczyńska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 21 , ISSUE 86, 248–251

Research paper | 18-May-2018

Long-term behavioral, histological, biochemical and hematological evaluations of amyloid beta-induced Alzheimer’s disease in rat

(surgery without injection Aβ), and experimental group (two-sided intrahippocampal amyloid-beta injection into hippocampus). From each group, three animals were investigated 42 days after injection, and the remaining four animals were studied after one year. All animals were tested for learning abilities and memory. Finally, samples from blood, brain, heart, kidney, liver, colon and spleen were examined. In the experimental group, the size of amyloid plaques were increased significantly after one year

Raheleh Kheirbakhsh, Mahnaz Haddadi, Ahad Muhammadnejad, Alireza Abdollahi, Farshad Shahi, Behzad Amanpour-Gharaei, Azadeh Abrahim-Habibi, Tahereh Barati, Saeid Amanpour

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 78 , ISSUE 1, 51–59

original-paper | 04-June-2020

Lactobacillus fermentum JX306 Restrain D-galactose-induced Oxidative Stress of Mice through its Antioxidant Activity

/kg BW) D-galactose (30 g/l, 200 mg/kg BW) PC 10 Vitamin C (30 g/l, 200 mg/kg BW) D-galactose (30 g/l, 200 mg/kg BW) LD 10 L. fermentum JX306 (108 CFU/day) D-galactose (30 g/l, 200 mg/kg BW) MD 10 L. fermentum JX306 (109 CFU/day) D-galactose (30 g/l, 200 mg/kg BW) HD 10 L. fermentum JX306 (1010 CFU/day) D-galactose (30 g/l, 200 mg/kg BW) Determination of serum, liver, and kidney antioxidative parameters. Blood samples of each group were obtained by moving mice eyeballs after 12 h of


Polish Journal of Microbiology, Volume 69 , ISSUE 2, 205–215

Article | 06-December-2020

Immune hemolytic anemia following heart-lung transplantation

Immune hemolytic anemia due to minor ABO incompatibility between recipient and donor is a well-recognized occurrence in kidney and liver transplantation. In some cases, the responsible antibodies have been shown to be derived from the donor passenger lymphocytes using Gm allotyping. We report a case of acute, transient hemolysis following heart-lung transplantation in which serologic and Gm allotype studies confirmed the etiology of hemolysis.

EIizabeth J. Perlman, Rosetta S. Shirey, Mary Farkosh, Thomas S. Kickler, Paul M. Ness

Immunohematology, Volume 8 , ISSUE 2, 38–40

Report | 01-December-2019

Implications of the Kidd blood group system in renal transplantation

The association of the Kidd blood group system with hemolytic transfusion reactions and hemolytic disease of the newborn is well known. The Kidd antigens, which are localized to the HUT/UT-B urea transport protein, are found on red blood cells and the endothelial cells of the blood vessels of the medulla of the kidney. Recently it has been suggested that these antigens might play a role as minor histocompatibility antigens in renal transplantation. In the current case, the appearance of an anti

Angela Rourk, Jerry E. Squires

Immunohematology, Volume 28 , ISSUE 3, 91–94

case-report | 31-March-2020

Multimodality imaging in a diagnostic and therapeutic process of a patient with infective endocarditis

thoracic arteries ruled out pulmonary embolism, but abdominal CT showed hypodensities within the spleen and left kidney (Fig. 2). Fig. 2. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography of the abdomen. A. Green arrows point to a hypodense, triangular region corresponding to an infarction focus within the spleen. B. Red arrow shows a slight hypodense region in the left renal cortex, corresponding to an infarction focus of the kidney Because the patient developed fever (40°C), the inflammatory parameters were

Maria Binkiewicz-Orluk, Marcin Konopka, Katarzyna Sierakowska-Sitkiewicz, Wojciech Król, Leszek Królicki, Marek Kuch, Wojciech Braksator

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 20 , ISSUE 80, 61–66

Review | 01-December-2019

The Diego blood group system: a review

dioxide transport from tissues to lungs. It is also found in the kidney, where it is involved in acid secretion. Antibodies to Diego system antigens with the exception of anti-Dia, -Dib, -Wra, -ELO and -DISK do not seem to be of clinical significance for transfusion or of importance in hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn.

Dolores Figueroa

Immunohematology, Volume 29 , ISSUE 2, 73–81

Review | 26-October-2019

Kidd blood group system: a review

The Kidd blood group system has been recognized as clinically important in red blood cell (RBC) serology since its identification in 1951. Forty years later, the JK glycoprotein was determined to be a product of SCL14A1 and was identical to the urea transport protein UT-B produced by HUT11A. The functional role of the protein as a urea transporter in RBCs and kidney has been well documented. The polymorphism responsible for the antithetical antigens Jka and Jkb was identified in 1994 as c.838G

Janis R. Hamilton

Immunohematology, Volume 31 , ISSUE 1, 29–35

Review | 31-January-2019

Recommendations for ultrasonographic assessment of renal arteries

Solid-Organ Transplants), which were the basis for many national recommendations, have not been significantly updated to date, a large body of scientific research indicates the need for revision of current Doppler ultrasound standards and parameters, particularly for patients receiving endovascular treatment due to renovascular hypertension. Therefore, the paper refers to the current issue of ultrasound scan interpretation in patients receiving endovascular stenting, after transplantation of kidney

Anna Drelich-Zbroja, Maryla Kuczyńska, Łukasz Światłowski, Anna Szymańska, Michał Elwertowski, Agnieszka Marianowska

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 18 , ISSUE 75, 338–343

Research paper | 06-February-2018

Nicorandil attenuates neuronal mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress associated with murine model of vascular calcification

Evidences suggest that the presence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with cerebrovascular diseases related cognitive decline in dialysis patients. As mitochondrial dysfunction is implicated in neurodegenerative disorders, we hypothesized that changes in brain mitochondria occur due to vascular calcification induced by renal failure and the opening of the mitochondrial potassium channel using nicorandil may prevent its dysfunction. Brain tissues from rats with vascular calcification

Sriram Ravindran, Krithika Swaminathan, Abhinaya Ramesh, Gino A. Kurian

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 77 , ISSUE 1, 57–67

research-article | 29-October-2021

Differentiating Electrolyte and Fluid Disorders

treatment. This medication, desmopressin (DDAVP) replaces the missing anti-diutretic hormone and decreases urination. It is advised to monitor the administration of DDAVP closely as too much can cause a severe drop in sodium levels. Cerebral Salt Wasting Cerebral salt wasting (CSW) is another potential cause of hyponatremia in those with central nervous system disease, particularly patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage. In CSW, excretion of sodium and chloride in the kidney is increased causing a

Australasian Journal of Neuroscience, Volume 31 , ISSUE 2, 15–17

review-article | 26-March-2021

Putative mechanism of neurological damage in COVID-19 infection

% of identity and 85.1 of similarity with mice [] (Stelzer et al., 2016). In mice, ACE2 is expressed in the kidney, lung, brain, heart, vasculature, and other organs [, ID: NX_Q9BYF1] (Zahn-Zabal et al., 2020). Relative to cell localization, ACE2 expression has been observed in brush border membrane, cell surface, cytoplasm, extracellular exosome and extracellular space, membrane raft and others. The subcellular localization of the protein was retrieved from the

Cindy Bandala, José Luis Cortes-Altamirano, Samuel Reyes-Long, Eleazar Lara-Padilla, Ian Ilizaliturri-Flores, Alfonso Alfaro-Rodríguez

Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis, Volume 81 , ISSUE 1, 69–79

research-article | 30-November-2019

Salt and sugar detection system using a compact microstrip patch antenna

S. N. Njokweni, P. Kumar

International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems, Volume 13 , ISSUE 1, 1–9

Report | 01-December-2019

The production, serologic evaluation, and epitope mapping of ten murine monoclonal Dombrock antibodies

embryonic kidney 293T cells expressing high levels of Doa or Dob. The MoAbs were tested serologically with untreated and enzymatically or chemically modified red blood cells (RBCs). Serologic inhibition studies were performed with synthetic peptides corresponding to Doa and Dob amino acid sequences. Pepscan epitope analysis was done on an array of immobilized tridecapeptides corresponding to the full-length polypeptide. All ten antibodies were serologically specific for Dombrock. Eight of the antibodies

Magdalena Grodecka, Kazimiera Wasniowska, Gregory Halverson, Karina Yazdanbakhsh, Marion E. Reid, Elwira Lisowska

Immunohematology, Volume 28 , ISSUE 4, 124–129

Review Article | 29-December-2017

Chest wall – a structure underestimated in ultrasonography. Part III: Neoplastic lesions

chest wall into the intrathoracic structures or spread from the inside of the chest towards the chest wall. Benign tumors basically originate from vessels, nerves, bones, cartilage and soft tissues. In this paper, we briefly discuss malformations of blood and lymphatic vessels, glomus tumor as well as neurogenic tumors originating in the thoracic branches of the spinal nerves and the autonomic visceral system. Metastases, particularly lung, breast, kidney cancer, melanoma and prostate cancer, are

Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk, Elżbieta Bernatowicz

Journal of Ultrasonography, Volume 17 , ISSUE 71, 281–288

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